Anaphylaxis (Anaphylactic Reaction): Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Allergies and Anaphylaxis

Articles On Anaphylaxis — Severe Allergic Reaction

Anaphylaxis — Severe Allergic Reaction

Anaphylaxis — Severe Allergic Reaction — Allergies and Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that needs to be treated right away. If you have an anaphylactic reaction, you need an epinephrine (adrenaline) shot as soon as possible, and someone should call 911 for emergency medical help. Left untreated, it can be deadly.

Video Transcript

Thomas Chacko, MD Allergist

Epinephrine can reverse the symptoms within minutes. If this doesn’t happen, you may need a second shot within half an hour. These shots, which you need a prescription to get, come pre-filled and in ready-to-use pens.

You shouldn’t take an antihistamine for an anaphylactic reaction.

Anaphylaxis is rare, and most people recover from it. But it’s important to tell your doctor about any drug allergies you have before any kind of medical treatment, including dental care. It’s also a good idea to wear a medical alert bracelet or pendant or carry a card with information about your allergy.

If you’ve had an anaphylactic reaction before, you have a higher risk of having another one. You also have a higher risk if you have a family history of anaphylaxis or have asthma.


The first signs of an anaphylactic reaction may look like typical allergy symptoms: a runny nose or a skin rash. But within about 30 minutes, more serious signs appear.

There is usually more than one of these:

  • Coughing; wheezing; and pain, itching, or tightness in your chest
  • Fainting, dizziness, confusion, or weakness
  • Hives; a rash; and itchy, swollen, or red skin
  • Runny or stuffy nose and sneezing
  • Shortness of breath or trouble breathing and rapid heartbeat
  • Swollen or itchy lips or tongue
  • Swollen or itchy throat, hoarse voice, trouble swallowing, tightness in your throat
  • Vomiting, diarrhea, or cramps
  • Weak pulse, paleness

Some people also remember feeling a «sense of doom” right before the attack.

As many as 1 out of every 5 people may have a second anaphylactic reaction within 12 hours of the first. This is called a biphasic anaphylaxis.


Epinephrine is the most effective treatment for anaphylaxis, and the shot should be given right away (usually in the thigh). If you’ve had an anaphylaxis reaction before, you should carry at least two doses of epinephrine with you at all times.


Epinephrine expires after about a year, so make sure your prescription is up to date. If you have an anaphylactic reaction and the pen has expired, take the shot anyway.

When medical personnel arrive, they may give you more epinephrine. If you’re not able to breathe, they may put a tube down your mouth or nose to help. If this doesn’t work, they might do a kind of surgery called a tracheostomy that puts the tube directly into your windpipe.

Either in the ambulance or at the hospital, you may need fluids and medications to help you breathe. If the symptoms don’t go away, doctors may also give you antihistamines and steroids.

You probably will need to stay in the emergency room for several hours to make sure you don’t have a second reaction.

After the initial emergency is over, see an allergy specialist, especially if you don’t know what caused the reaction.


Anaphylaxis happens when you have an antibody, something that usually fights infection, that overreacts to something harmless like food. It might not happen the first time you come in contact with the trigger, but it can develop over time.

In children, the most common cause is food. For adults, the main cause is medication.

Typical food triggers for children are:

Common food triggers for adults are:

  • Shellfish
  • Tree nuts (walnuts, hazel nuts, cashews, pistachios, pine nuts, and almonds)
  • Peanuts

Some people are so sensitive that even the smell of the food can trigger a reaction. Some are also allergic to certain preservatives in food.

Common medication triggers are:

  • Penicillin (more often following a shot rather than a pill)
  • Muscle relaxants like the ones used for anesthesia
  • Aspirin, ibuprofen, and other NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
  • Anti-seizure medications

Anaphylaxis also can be triggered by a few other things. But these aren’t as common:

  • Pollen, such as ragweed, grass, and tree pollen
  • Stings or bites from bees, wasps, yellow jackets, hornets, and fire ants
  • Latex, found in hospital gloves, balloons, and rubber bands


Some people can have an anaphylactic reaction if they breathe in latex.

Some can have a reaction to a combination of things:

  • Breathe in birch pollen and eat apple, raw potato, carrots, celery, or hazelnut
  • Breathe in mugwort pollen and eat celery, apples, peanuts, or kiwi
  • Breathe in ragweed pollen and eat melons or bananas
  • Touch latex and eat papaya, chestnuts, or kiwi

In rare cases, it can be triggered by 2 to 4 hours of exercise after eating certain foods or by exercise on its own.

Anaphylactic reactions usually start within minutes of contact with the trigger, but they can also happen an hour or more later.

Some people never figure out what caused their reactions.


American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology: «Anaphylaxis.»

American Academy of Pediatrics: «Anaphylaxis.»

American College of Asthma, Allergy & Immunology: «Anaphylaxis.»

Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America: «Anaphylaxis: A Severe Allergic Reaction.»

Cleveland Clinic: «Anaphylaxis.»

Food Allergy Research & Education: «About Anaphylaxis.»

World Allergy Organization: «Anaphylaxis: Synopsis.»

Thread: Midge bite allergy

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Midge bite allergy

Whenever I get bitten by midges I get an allergic reaction resulting in large red swollen areas that itch like hell. On the 2nd or 3rd day those bites blister and fluid appears where the bite was. They take 2-3 weeks to heal at the least and the first week they really itch.

I currently take 4 drops of oil of oregano (natural antihistamine and antiinflammatory) every 4-5 hours which helps with the itching and keeps the blisters down. Healing still takes ages and the itching returns in the middle of the night after about 6 hours after the last time I took the drops. I am already taking the highest dose.

I was wondering if anybody has any experience with immunotherapy (desensitisation) with regards to midge bites (and horse fly bites).

Living in Caithness it seems impossible not to get stung by midges and it wouldn’t bother me if I wasn’t allergic.

Any help appreciated.

Sorry I don’t have a cure to suggest other than moving as close as you can get to the north coast.
My (dimming with the passage of time) memory of Scarfskerry was that it was pretty much free of midjags due to its prevalent onshore breezes. Only in September do I remember midges down at Ruthie Goe when I was fishing for sellags, and only on the rare occasion when the wind would go absolutely calm in the late evening — then it was a brisk walk home.

I get a really bad reaction to the bites also. I started using Witch Hazel, u can buy it in a gel form and its really good. Cools it down, stops the itch and heals them quickly
Good Luck


Eat more garlic then they don’t seem to like to bite. tho you may be a little socially excluded too but hey beats coming out in hives!

My Wife is allergic to both midges and cleggs. The cleggs she trys to avoid but I am afraid there is not much you can do about the midges.

Although they don’t seem to like sun cream much and some people say skin so soft from Avon works.

My Wife is allergic to both midges and cleggs. The cleggs she trys to avoid but I am afraid there is not much you can do about the midges.

Although they don’t seem to like sun cream much and some people say skin so soft from Avon works.

the clegg is a different kettle of fish and can give a really nasty bite tony

Aye and the crafty blighters are so soft when they land you do not know they have done their worst until the itch and swelling appear.

That’s not an option. I bought land at Shurrery and I am going to build a house there eventually. inbetween dark clouds of blood sucking monsters.

I read it but I didn’t find any information on the question I asked.

Garlic does work, I tried it with my dogs. Unfortunately I am allergic to garlic also (and everything else that grows out of a bulb): I do take a B1 tablet every morning and certainly get bitten a lot less than last year.

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Thank you. I will buy some and try it.

Cleggs are even worse, but fortunately I only got 2 bites this year so far. They aren’t out as much as the midges.
Avon certainly helps but it makes me itch.

I do not like midgies either stefan and good gracious me, living at Shurrery, they love the dampness and bog and it is not near the coastal winds so you will have to find a cure quickly. They do love the damp and marshy grounds and they are awful. Good luck with your house building and getting rid of the MIDGES.

try the oil you get from avon i seem to sell a lot of it in summer

Like I said it makes me itch.

I didn’t actually say that it would answer your query, just that it may be of interest.
Vit B12 is said by some to prevent bites but I think that you have to take it for at least two weeks before the season starts and then keep taking it. Bog myrtle is supposed to be a repellent. Lager is supposed to make you appear more ‘succulent’ so if you are a drinker of such then perhaps a different tipple may help.
For any bites, burns or stings I use either bicarb of soda, anything acidic like vinegar or lemon juice or the flesh of aloe vera. It is all trial and error but I hope that you find something that works for you!

Honestly WW I thought you of all folk would have had a potion or spell that worked, very disappointed.

Whenever I get bitten by midges I get an allergic reaction resulting in large red swollen areas that itch like hell. On the 2nd or 3rd day those bites blister and fluid appears where the bite was. They take 2-3 weeks to heal at the least and the first week they really itch.

I currently take 4 drops of oil of oregano (natural antihistamine and antiinflammatory) every 4-5 hours which helps with the itching and keeps the blisters down. Healing still takes ages and the itching returns in the middle of the night after about 6 hours after the last time I took the drops. I am already taking the highest dose.

I was wondering if anybody has any experience with immunotherapy (desensitisation) with regards to midge bites (and horse fly bites).

Living in Caithness it seems impossible not to get stung by midges and it wouldn’t bother me if I wasn’t allergic.

Any help appreciated.

I too am allergic to many things, but luckily not midges. As much as things like oil of oregano may help, you probably should visit the docs and get a prescription. I also find that my immune system goes overboard sometimes and the doc says a course of antihistamines are needed to calm everything down.

Bug Bites and Stings: Symptoms & Signs

Some bug bites and stings cause relatively mild symptoms and signs, while others may cause more serious symptoms and signs. Further, some infectious diseases are spread through insect vectors.

Signs and symptoms associated with bug bites and stings include a red skin bump or rash at the bite or sting site, pain, itching, burning, localized swelling, and warmth at the bite site. Sometimes a stinging sensation can be felt. Other symptoms may occur if the individual has an allergic reaction, such as hives, wheezing, breathing difficulty, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, swelling of the face or lips, and a sensation of chest tightness.

Causes of bug bites and stings

A number of different organisms can cause bug bites and stings in humans.

Other bug bites and stings symptoms and signs

  • Breathing Difficulty
  • Burning
  • Chest Tightness
  • Dizziness
  • Hives
  • Itching
  • Localized Swelling
  • Nausea
  • Rash
  • Red Skin Bump
  • Stinging Sensation
  • Swelling of the Face or Lips
  • Vomiting
  • Warmth at the Site of the Bite
  • Wheezing

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Main Article on Bug Bites and Stings Symptoms and Signs

Bug Bites and Stings

Bug bites and stings have been known to transmit insect-borne illnesses such as West Nile virus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever.


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What to know about an oat allergy

Oats contain a protein called avenin, which can cause an allergic reaction in some people.

A person who has eaten oats can sometimes feel unwell and experience the symptoms of an oat allergy. However, it could be that they have a gluten intolerance. Around 1 out of 100 people worldwide have a serious form of gluten intolerance called celiac disease.

Although oats do not contain gluten, processing oats alongside foods that contain gluten can lead to cross-contamination. This can result in a misdiagnosis.

This article looks at the symptoms of an oat allergy, as well as some diagnosis and treatment options.

Share on Pinterest A person with anaphylactic shock may experience wheezing, chest tightness, and noisy breathing.

The symptoms of an oat allergy can range from mild to moderate and affect the skin, gut, and airways.

Severe food allergies can lead to anaphylactic shock, which can be life threatening if the person does not receive immediate treatment.

Symptoms of anaphylactic shock may include:

  • wheezing, which can resemble an asthma attack
  • a tight chest
  • a swollen tongue and throat, which restricts the airways
  • noisy breathing, especially when inhaling
  • a sudden decrease in blood pressure, which can result in shock
  • dizziness and confusion
  • collapse or loss of consciousness

The symptoms of anaphylactic shock typically appear within 1 hour of exposure. If a person has any signs or symptoms of anaphylactic shock, they need immediate medical attention.

Immediate allergic reaction

Symptoms of an oat allergy in adults, babies, and children include:

  • hives
  • a flushed face
  • a red, itchy rash around the tongue, mouth, or eyes, which can spread to other parts of the body
  • mild swelling of the lips, eyes, or face
  • an itchy throat and mouth
  • watery eyes
  • a runny or stuffy nose
  • sneezing
  • diarrhea
  • vomiting
  • bloating
  • stomach cramps

These symptoms indicate an immediate food allergy and can appear shortly after eating.

Most food allergy symptoms occur within 2 hours of consuming the allergen.

Delayed allergic reaction

Sometimes, there can be a delay in the symptoms of a food allergy, which means that a reaction might not appear immediately after consuming the allergen.

There may be a 4–6 hour delay in reactions. Sometimes, it can take even longer.

Delayed signs and symptoms in babies and children can include:

  • eczema
  • reflux
  • stunted growth
  • constipation
  • diarrhea
  • swelling of the small bowel
  • significant stomach pain
  • frequent crying or distress

Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a delayed food allergy reaction. This produces severe gastrointestinal symptoms that tend to develop around 2–6 hours after consuming an allergen.

FPIES mostly affects infants consuming certain foods for the first time or going through weaning.

Symptoms appear similar to those of a serious viral or bacterial infection. They include:

  • frequent vomiting
  • bloody diarrhea
  • dehydration, as a result of vomiting and diarrhea

If a person has any of these symptoms, they need immediate medical help.

Treatment for FPIES includes intravenous rehydration.

There are multiple methods an allergist can use to diagnose an oat allergy. These include:


An allergist can test people for an oat allergy. They may use one of the following methods:

  • Skin prick test: An allergist will prick or inject the skin with a small amount of the diluted allergen. In this case, it would be oats.
  • Blood test: If it is not possible to take a skin test, an allergist may take a blood test. These can be less sensitive in identifying allergies than skin tests.
  • Patch test: This can help identify delayed food allergies. An allergist will apply a small amount of the allergen to a patch. The person will wear the patch on their skin for 48 hours to see if it causes a reaction on the skin.

Babies under 6 months old will usually not have a skin prick test.

Elimination diet

An allergist may recommend an elimination diet for children.

This involves eliminating all oat-based foods and products from the diet for 1 week and monitoring the symptoms to see if they improve.

If the symptoms do improve, it is likely that the person is allergic to oats.

Oral food test

Another way of testing for a food allergy is to take an oral food test. This requires a person to eat a small amount of oats under carefully monitored conditions.

An allergist will gradually increase the amount to see if it causes any reaction. As soon as the oats cause any symptoms of an allergic reaction, the allergist will stop the test.

If the person has no reaction, the allergist will rule out oats as the cause. They may also give the person a placebo to make sure the results are accurate.

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Anyone with an oat allergy should avoid consuming oats and oat-based products. To check for cross-contamination, people should check product labels for phrases including “might contain oats” or “manufactured in a facility that uses oat ingredients.”

An allergist may prescribe allergy medications, such as antihistamines, to help relieve any mild symptoms of an allergic reaction.

They may also prescribe an epinephrine auto-injector, which delivers adrenaline to the body. Manufacturers have designed epinephrine auto-injectors specifically for safe use in infants and toddlers.

People may need to use their epinephrine auto-injector if they have a severe allergic reaction. They will then need immediate medical attention.

If a person has any symptoms of a food allergy and suspects that they have an oat allergy, they can see their doctor or an allergist.

A doctor or allergist will be able to carry out tests to determine whether or not oats are causing the allergic reaction.

If a person experiences any severe symptoms, anaphylactic shock, or the symptoms of FPIES, they need immediate medical attention.

Sand Fly Bites Treatment, Pictures, Symptoms, Healing Time, How Long Does it Last

September 22, 2016

How long does sand fly bites last? Get insights on the healing time, symptoms, treatment and pictures.

Sand flies are probably the most widespread and definitely one of the most irritating. Known over the world by a host of names including sandflies, noseeums, no-see-ums, nicnics, hop-a-long, biting midge, punkie, punky, sandfly, sand flea, sand fly, black flies, black gnats, manta Blanca, palomilla, asa branca, quemadores and pringadores.

These are the colloquial names for the small insects that bite and irritate and are capable of discomfort hugely disproportionate to their size.

Sand Fly Bites

There are a thousands of variations of small biting insects but we are interested in the 1.5 – 4.0mm family of ceratopogonidae who have piercing and sucking mouthparts although only the female feeds on blood.

People in some country are most likely to encounter sand flies in problem numbers around tidal zones and mangrove swamps.

Sand fly bites often occur before the victim even realizes a potential risk. Small and hard to see (no-see-ums) it may take hours or until the following day until an irritated, itching local reaction develops.

Research shows that sand flies create the annoying welts and lesions seen on humans by urinating on them. Sand flies may well urinate on people but it does not cause the common reaction seen on human skin. This is caused by the bite.


The female sand fly bites humans in order to get protein from the blood, necessary for egg laying and reproductive cycles. The bite involves the injection of saliva containing an anti-coagulant, making it easier for the flea to draw blood from its host. The saliva contains allergens that trigger the body’s immune system and red welts and also lesions develop.

In some countries like Australia sand flies are unlikely to transmit disease although they are problematic in more northern countries including the Philippines.

Sand flies activity is heaviest at sunrise and sunset these are the normal feeding times for most things, and reputedly virulent nearing and on the full moon, Although there is no evidence to prove this.

You are probably better off concentrating on other mythological phenomena like werewolves and vampires around the full moon and just developing an overall strategy for sand flies.

Sand fly bites affects some more than others

Sand flies seem to affect some people more than others. In this case one or two people will react to the bites extremely badly while others in a group will only present with mild irritation. It also indicates that humans are capable of developing a natural tolerance and resistance with repeated exposure or it may be simply that one person’s immune system may react differently than the next.

Sand Fly Bites Pictures

sand fly picture

After this discussion we have several pictures that will enable you to understand how the sand fly can cause damage to your skin.

Moreover, you can learn more on the sand fly life cycle, discover how you can handle skin conditions that result from sand fly bites, and read up on what you can do to prevent being bitten by these fleas.

How Long Does Sand Fly Bites Last

The life history of fleas has shown that they are vectors of various deadly diseases including the plague and typhus. Today, fleas are nothing but annoying parasites that can cause bites on humans and pets.

It also advisable to find out how long sand fly bites can last on humans and pets as well as ways of healing them faster. More importantly, it is necessary to find ways to eliminate infestations so that you can be able to prevent more bites.

How long does the bites last on humans?

Flea bites on humans are accompanied by red blotchy skin. Most people are unaware that fleas have bitten them. However, others may not be so lucky; they may develop allergic to the flea bite saliva that can cause intense itching, red and swollen welts and bite marks in groups or clusters that may take some weeks to heal.

That brings us to answering the question: how long does sand fly bites last? Typically, this depends on several factors which are mentioned here:

It depends on how sensitive is your skin and also if you have visited your doctor to get the bites treated. You also must be sure if it is a flea infestation in the first place. Many skin conditions are actually similar to flea bites, but you may find out they may be something totally different and last longer. In this case, you can also use several natural remedies and products to treat and cure the flea bites on humans faster. Some of these remedies including:

  • Applying an ice pack on the site of bite to prevent swelling, itching and soothe the skin.
  • Washing the site with an antiseptic soap and applying an anti-septic cream or lotion.
  • You can also apply aloe vera gel taken directly from the plant, as well, calendula extracts are also soothing and helps a lot to prevent itching and excess of the rash.

These are tried and tasted methods of healing flea bite on human skin faster so that they do not cause more infections.

How long do flea bites last on dogs and cats?

Sand fly bites on cats and dogs, especially if they are not treated, can result to worse conditions. Some amongst these is flea bite allergy dermatitis where the animal may be overly sensitive to fleas and scratch intensely resulting to open blisters, loss of hair and other symptoms.

It is important to treat dogs and cats with the help of a vet, more likely if the flea bites are taking longer than a week. Prescription steroids or antibiotics may be advised for healing such open wounds faster.

Anemia is another probable effect of flea bites on dogs and cats.

Ways of treating and preventing flea bites faster on animals include:

  • Comb the pet; watch out for signs of flea dirt or flea feces
  • Bathe the pet in soothing baths made of natural products such as peppermint essential oil, lavender oil and others. These are soothing and natural ingredients that can help prevent inflammation and itching combined with sand fly bites.
  • You can use all natural flea and tick prevention shampoos or sprays containing aloe vera, calendula and including others.
  • Use comfortis, oral drugs for flea prevention and treatment as it has very few side effects compared to other oral flea prevention products.
  • Pets can also be treated with soothing natural remedies including a paste made from baking soda and water applied directly to the bite location, which will reduce itching and scratching.

Sand Fly Bites Symptoms

sand fly bites swelling

Sand flies are small, winged insects that live, breed and troll areas such as beaches. The sand fly make its home in the sand, which means that someone enjoying the sandy areas where the sand flies live is prone to its bites.

Though not every sand fly that lands on human bites them, a beach infested with sand flies can end up causing problems for people who have not protected their skin. Identifying the symptoms of sand fly bites can help you notice the problem quickly.

Though only the female sand fly will draw or suck blood during a biting episode, being repeatedly bitten by sand flies could lead to small specks of blood to appear. If you are in a sandy area and feel slight pinches on your skin, check the top of your skin for signs of blood. Any blood will be small flecks that signal a sand fly bite.

Once a sand fly bites you, your body and skin react in the same manner as with any other insect bite. You may feel the pinch and then an itching sensation. This is one of the most known symptoms associated with sand flies. Do not take it for granted. If you feel a few bites while on or near the sand, leave the area and check your skin in bright light to look for other signs of sand fly bites.

Dermatitis is another common term for skin conditions that results irritation such as skin slaking, dry patches, itching and redness. When this infection comes up, especially where no history of the condition is present, assess whether you have been in contact with sand fleas.

Since female sand fleas draw blood as they bite, they may have compromised your skin during continues bites. When these fleas bites, they make your skin uncomfortable and irritated.

See also:  Bee vs

When a sand fly bites an infected rat or mouse, then transfers contracted diseases to a human, it usually lays eggs at the bite site. The bite may turn into more than a simple welt. Because of this transfer of infection, the point where the sand fly bit you will eventually turn into a pustule or boil. Visit your dermatologist for checkup; you may need antibiotics or to have the boil lanced.

In this case, you may experience tiny bites and have noticed other symptoms, make a visual survey of your skin. You may also find some complications. Look for red and slightly inflamed skin where the sand fly bit you. A hot sun and wind-blown sand can cause redness, but the redness combined with sand fly bites will be more concentrated in the location of the bite.

Sand Fly Bites Healing Time

Sand fly bit can take some time before healing depending on how you are treating it. You can use a good cold pressed vegetable oil, like olive and add a small amount of tea tree, eucalyptus or lavender. Here’s a quick recipe. 1 tablespoon olive oil and 2 drops of essential oil.

This is because you are immediately disinfecting and soothing the sand fly or mosquito bite before a reaction begins. It’s not the bite that is bothering you but the saliva from the biter! It can be worse to create an allergic reaction.

Before bedtime

We have found that applying a bite soother as a gentle massage just before bedtime will set you up for a better sleep. It may not be itching when you go to bed, but it might be, those bites will wake you. The body usually does a lot of healing at night, so this is often when you will feel the most distracted by the condition.

Don’t be tempted to scratch!

Scratching extends the healing time and cause more infection. This is where bites can turn into real problems. Do not scratch. Gentry massage a bite soother on the affected area instead.

Heating and cooling

You might develop a lot of heat and swelling accompanied with a sand fly bites. Cooling bites gently will sooth but you do not have to ice them, because the body contracts very greatly that the process of clearing the bite from the body is shut down. On the other side, you don’t have to heat the skin that already has heat, so if you take a bath, not too hot, and also remember not to stay in the sun.

You can place your hand over the bites with the intention of easing pain, clearing swelling or being of assistance as the body needs it. One of the hands on treatment is known as reiki, this can be more helpful and also speed up the healing process.

Sand Fly Bites vs. Bed Bugs

sand fly bites symptoms

There are some things you need to do especially when you are trying to find out what you are dealing with. This can sometimes be quite difficult, as there are many different types of bugs and bug bites.

Most people when they have noticed red spots appearing on their body, typically on the arms and legs. I know how annoying both sand fly bites and bed bugs bites can be. You need to learn about these bugs in order to differentiate and get rid of both flea bites.

Sand fly bites

Sand fly are typically found on pets like dogs and cats, but they can also be found on many other animals. They usually suck the blood out of the host with their special jaws that cut right through the skin. Some people are more sensitive to flea bites than others. Children are often more sensitive and likely to generate allergic reactions from sand fly bites than adults.

There are also some lucky people that never get bitten or never feel the bites. Whenever you get flea bites, it is a great idea to not scratch the area. The wounds can easily get infected and that will only increase the itching.

Bed bug bites

Bug bites are more difficult to identify because they look a lot like mosquito bites. Most people usually mistake bed bug bites for other types of allergies and end up treating them the wrong way. What you have look for is a certain pattern of the bites.

When comparing sand fly bit vs. bed bug bit, it also important to note that the bed bug are nocturnal and therefore mostly bite after dark. Bed bugs are also much easier to spot as they are larger than fleas.

How to identify

It can be difficult to see the difference between the two types of bites at first, but you will find that it’s not that much of a problem once you learn about the difference between flea bites and bed bug bites. Remember that the reaction to these bites can appear differently on people, so one infection does not always look like the other. In this case, let’s look at the differences.

Sand fly bites usually looks like small clusters of dots while bed bug bites are red, hard and swollen a little. So basically they look like mosquito bites. Normally the flea bites randomly on the body. The bed bug tend to bite more strategically in linear rows.

Where bed bug bites can be found anywhere on the body, sand fly bites are often located on the legs and ankles because these areas are easier to get to. The itching and scratching factor on flea bites vs. bed bug bites is about the same. They are both a pain in the neck for animals and humans, and they can cause allergies and swelling.

After you have identified the problem you should start treatment and pest control immediately. You want to get rid of the irritation on your skin fast and get the bugs out of your home and your life completely. Once you are rid of the fleas or bed bugs, it is important that you prevent new infestations from happening. Do this by keeping your home clean and hygiene at a top priority.

Note that rashes from fleas and bed bugs are not contagious or dangerous for most people. They don’t transmit diseases like ticks do. You should visit your doctor if you feel uncomfortable or sick, and if you are not sure what could be the cause of the bites.

Sand Fly Bites Treatment

You will know how to treat and prevent the bites to avoid this problem in future. People that have already gone through these bites already know that they can be quite painful. If left untreated, they can cause a lot of suffering for several weeks or more, before they usually go away by themselves. Sand fleas can carry diseases and transmit viruses, so you should urgently see a physician if you feel severe symptoms after getting bitten.

Even though these parasites are small but they can lead severe complications. They typically bite the feet, ankles and legs because they are closest to the ground. Sand fleas can only jump around 20-40 cm, so there’s much less chances of getting bitten on the upper body unless you are lying down on the sand. The most likely time you can be bitten is during the evening, night, or at dawn. This is when the sand fleas are most active,

You may have been bitten by these bloodsucking parasites, this is how you treat sand fly bites on human:

  • First of all do not scratch the bites. It increases the chance of getting infections in the wound.
  • Check the bite for breeding sand fleas. They can live under your skin and suck your blood for weeks.
  • Apply some over-the-counter on the bites to control the itching, and take some painkillers to reduce the pain and swelling. You should see a doctor if this does not help or if the symptoms get worse. He or she may also advise you to treat your bites with an antihistamine cream.
  • Baking soda mixed with water may also speed up the healing. Just put it on the affected area and let it stay.
  • Make yourself an oatmeal bath and soak in it to reduce the itching. Use lukewarm water.
  • Aloe plant is great for all kind of wounds and it also has a soothing effect on sand fly bites.

Some of the natural remedies list

  • Soap
  • Rub with garlic
  • Vinegar
  • Toothpaste
  • Tea tree oil-dab on bites
  • Onion-rub bites 30 minutes before having a shower
  • Salty water-allowed to air dry and form a crust
  • Turmeric root-apply by ribbing


Learn how to prevent sand fly bites rather than treating them. If you want to avoid getting bitten, just follow these tips and you will have completely decreased the chance of this condition:

  • Avoid visiting the beach especially when it has been raining. Sand fleas seem to be more aggressive when the air cool and moist. You should also stay away from the beach in the morning hours and in the evening for that same reason. A number of people go to the beach when it is warm and dry outside.
  • If you must go to the beach when it’s cool outside, always remember to pack your insect repellant.
  • Also cover yourself up when sitting or lying down to avoid getting bitten on your neck, back, legs and arms.

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