We process the currant from the kidney tick correctly — Pests and Garden
Pests and Garden
- 1 Pests and Garden
- 2 How to identify a gall tick
- 3 How to deal with a kidney tick
- 4 Currant spraying: timing and technology
- 5 Processing need
- 6 Terms and technology of spraying currants
- 7 Currants: how to spray in the spring
- 8 The best folk remedies
- 9 Effective Chemicals
- 10 How to treat currants from aphids
- 11 New Study Shows Link Between Ticks and Kidney Disease
- 12 Terry in blackcurrant: signs of the disease. Methods to combat the terry of blackcurrant and preventive measures
- 13 What is the terry of blackcurrant
- 14 Signs of currant disease
- 15 How terry spreads in currants
- 16 What is dangerous terry on blackcurrant
- 17 What to do if currants are infected with terry
- 18 How to deal with a kidney tick
- 19 Fertilizers to enhance plant immunity
- 20 Useful Tips
We process the currant from the kidney tick correctly
Kidney tick is a small arthropod, which is planted on currant bushes and eats freshly opened buds. It feeds on the juice of the kidneys, is able to winter in them, and in the spring continue to parasitize on the plant. If you do not start the fight against the pest, not only the crop, but also the bush itself can die. Therefore, we process tick currants correctly, using biological methods and specialized means.
How to identify a gall tick
The parasite is a microscopic insect whose length does not exceed 0.2 mm. 3-5 thousand parasites can live in 1 kidney. In early spring, they lay their eggs, and after 1-2 weeks, new larvae begin to eat the plant. During flowering, ticks move to currants and neighboring plants. Timely recognition of infection will help preserve the crop and the bush itself. When spring care for the plant, you need to pay attention to the size of the buds. Infected conception shoots will be increased, they can reach the size of a large pea.
Ticks are carriers of viruses and infections, so affected plants change the color of leaves and shoots. At the currant, the young shoots become lighter, the leaves on them are coarser, and the new stems become thin and acquire a reddish tint. They do not bloom and bear fruit, and they draw all the nutritious juices from the bush. The fungus and viral infection that the insects brought is very difficult to remove, often the issue is solved by pruning most of the bush.
After the detection of parasites, it is necessary to carefully examine neighboring plants, because the tick is carried by birds and with the help of wind.
How to deal with a kidney tick
First of all, it is necessary to determine at what phase of development insects are. Biological and chemical effects will be ineffective for laying eggs, so you need to wait until they hatch. This is considered the most suitable time to destroy the entire population from the bush. The younger generation is still weak and amenable to the effects of insect acaricides.
To enhance the therapeutic effect and guarantees for the removal of pests, it is recommended to combine different methods of control.
Pruning shoots and buds
In the spring, when the buds begin to bloom, the infected shoots are cut and burned to prevent the infection from spreading to healthy plants and trees. During this period, the currant manages to put forth new strong stems that will continue the life of the bush. Ticks and larvae do not remain in the soil.
Treatment of bushes with drugs
Chemicals are used immediately after removing the affected kidneys of currants or instead of pruning. Insectoacaricides, such as Apollo and Kontos, are used every 10 days before the flowering of the bush begins. Blooming flowers can not be processed. Spraying with the drug should be carried out on warm and calm days, when the temperature is above + 5 … + 7 ° C. The compound, which contains phosphorus, can be used only in the fall, after harvesting. Even in this period, it is allowed to use any acaricidal agents.
Biological preparations are allowed to be used during flowering and fruit setting. They do not contain hazardous chemicals that will harm the plant or human. The most popular among them are Actofit and Fitoverm.
Spraying is carried out once a week for a month. For processing, choose calm, dry days with an air temperature above + 20 ° C.
An effective remedy for ticks is hot water. The procedure is carried out before the buds open. Water temperature should be + 75 … + 80 ° C. For 1 adult plant, about 10 liters of fluid will be required. High temperatures affect adult parasites and eggs. If ticks are found when the currant has already blossomed, then a solution of sulfur and lime or colloidal sulfur can be used. A bucket of water will require 60-75 g of powder. Such a composition is allowed to be used for fruiting, it does not affect the quality of berries.
At any stage of growth and development of currants, infusion of garlic, mustard or dandelion is allowed. Take 200 g of the ingredient in a bucket of water and insist for 2 to 8 hours.
Currant spraying: timing and technology
Caring for a popular berry shrub includes competent spraying of currants in order to protect against pests and the most common diseases. Several times during the season should be sprayed with both black and bushes of white and red currants.
Spraying or processing berry shrubs is an integral part of the proper agricultural technology of a crop such as currants in home gardening. The main processing measures involve the use of both strong and fairly toxic drugs, and the use of gentle methods in the form of folk remedies.
In order to timely and efficiently spray currant bushes, it is necessary not only to choose the right tool for treating the main diseases and the most common plant parasites, but also to take into account weather factors, as well as the stage of plant vegetation. The correct choice of funds and compliance with the deadlines and processing scheme is a guarantee of full protection of the berry, in addition, increasing the length of the productive period and improving the quality indicators of the crop.
Terms and technology of spraying currants
The processing procedure of such a berry culture as currant is divided into the following main stages:
- before budding, or early spring spraying;
- stage of active flowering;
- processing plants after flowering;
- in the fall, after harvesting.
Currants: how to spray in the spring
The technology of preventive measures in the spring is as follows:
- Before the budding phase, the first event is carried out, involving the cutting of the apical part of the shoots with the appearance of a grayish dense felt coating with wintering powdery mildew mycelium;
- if there is a slight spread of the kidney tick, then the removal of damaged kidneys or a complete rejuvenation of the berry bush should be carried out;
- against anthracnose, septoria, rust and other spotting plants should be sprinkled with a 1% Bordeaux mixture or iron sulfate;
- at the stage of inflorescence extension, another treatment is carried out — against ticks, as well as protection against sucking and leaf-eating pests by Actellik or Fufanon, but such chemicals as Akarin, Iskra-bio and Fitoverm can be used.
Immediately after flowering, the berry culture should be protected from powdery mildew, anthracnose, septoria, sucking and leaf-eating pests. Autumn processing should be done after leaf fall. During this period, plants need to be sprayed with insectofungicides, and then collect and destroy the foliage. In the fall, pruning and destruction of all affected shoots is carried out.
The best folk remedies
Use any protective equipment very carefully. Experts recommend the use of chemicals before the flowering stage. After the berry culture fades, it is advisable to spray the plants exclusively with biological and folk remedies.
|Name of facility||Cooking method||Damaging factor||Use technology|
|Citrus infusion||In 1 liter of water, place 100 g of raw materials and insist in a dark and warm place for five days||Aphid, scutellum and mealybug||Spray plants at least three times per season, with an interval of two weeks|
|Garlic infusion||Pour one head of chopped garlic in a liter of boiling water and insist for a week||Whitefly, mealybug, ticks and scutellum||10 liters warm water add 50 ml of garlic infusion and process the berry bushes|
|Onion infusion||Chop the onion and pour it with water at the rate of 1 liter of onion gruel per 1 liter of warm water, close the lid and insist for 24 hours||Aphids, thrips and other sucking pests, ticks, bacterial and fungal diseases||Before use in 10 liters of warm water, add 20 ml of infusion. Spraying as signs of damage appear|
|Infusion of tobacco leaves||Grind the leaves and stems of tobacco and pour them with boiling water at the rate of 1 kg of raw material per 10 liters of water. Insist day||Protection against gnawing and sucking parasite insects||For spraying in 10 l of infusion add 10 l of water and 80 g of ground laundry soap. Spraying as signs of damage appear|
|Infusion of dry marigolds||Dry marigold flowers and leaves pour boiling water in a ratio of 1: 1. The solution should be infused for 48 hours||Aphids, ticks, whiteflies, thrips, fungal infections||Before spraying, the infusion should be filtered. You can spray the plants twice a month|
|Soda solution||Approximately 15–20 g of baking soda should be dissolved in 5 l of warm water||Powdery mildew, fungal infections of leaves||In order to increase the performance indicators, before spraying, crushed laundry soap should be added to the solution.|
Planting calendula and marigold around berry shrubs can significantly reduce the risk of fungal and viral diseases.
Chemical products for the protection of berry crops are used for the mass appearance of insect pests or pathogens. Such drugs have maximum effectiveness, but their use should be strictly regulated, due to the rather high toxicity rates.
|1% solution of Bordeaux mixture or copper sulfate||Defeat with anthracnose, septoria, rust and other spots.||Mass appearance of the first leaves on the bushes|
|Iskra, Inta-TsM and Karbotsin||Aphids, gall midges, leaf moths, sawflies and moths||Blossoming of leaves and active promotion of inflorescences||Preparations from the group of pyrethroids show maximum effectiveness when processing in cool weather|
|Actellik and karbofos||Aphids, gall midges, leaf moths, sawflies and moths||Blossoming of leaves and active promotion of inflorescences||Organophosphorus class preparations should be used at a temperature of 15 ° C and above|
|Akarin, Iskra-bio and Fitoverm||Currant kidney mite||Blossoming of leaves and active promotion of inflorescences||The highest processing efficiency is observed at a temperature of 24−25 ° C and above. In case of a massive lesion, spraying should be repeated after flowering and harvesting.|
|Vectra and Strobi, as well as Topaz, Tiovit Jet and colloidal sulfur||Powdery Mildew, Anthracnose, and Septoriosis||Immediately after flowering||Spraying is effective only at a temperature of 18−19 ° C and above. Mass destruction requires repetition after harvest|
Any treatment of currants from diseases and pests is carried out in dry weather without rains and mists. It is recommended to spray in the morning or in the evening, without the presence of scorching sunlight. It is very important to accompany the use of chemicals or folk remedies with timely trimming of sanitary purposes.
How to treat currants from aphids
Cutting currants in the spring should be carried out in order to remove patients damaged by frost or wind from the branches. Autumn pruning is carried out before the onset of persistent cold weather and is aimed at fully preparing the plant for winter frosts.
New Study Shows Link Between Ticks and Kidney Disease
[Editor’s note: Pet Health Network’s parent company is IDEXX, which provides diagnostic services to veterinary practices, such as kidney disease screenings. Remember, the decision for what types of preventive care and screenings are best for your individual pet should always be made after a discussion between you and your veterinarian — your best partner in your pet’s health.]
Tick encounters are increasingly hard to avoid. These adaptable parasites are responsible for spreading a variety of diseases throughout the United States, and their range is increasing. Unfortunately, due to issues, such as mice and deer overpopulation (they serve as hosts for ticks), reforestation, suburban sprawl, and patterns in bird migration, among others, ticks and other bugs are taking root in new regions. Add climate change on top of our boundary-less society, and it’s clear that your dog—and your family—may be meeting more parasites.
A single tick can transmit multiple infectious agents that can cause serious illness. Because dogs can’t tell you how they feel and may not always show clinical signs, it can be challenging to understand the true harm of any given infection to a pet’s health. Therefore, it’s so important for all dogs to be screened annually for exposure to tick-borne diseases.
An infection from a tick can lead to health issues, including chronic conditions affecting a variety of body systems—blood, joints, kidneys, and others. These complications can be hard to diagnose if we don’t understand that a dog has been exposed to an infected tick.
Two studies from IDEXX show a connection between one of these conditions—chronic kidney disease (CKD)—and dogs exposed to infected ticks in areas where Borrelia burgdorferi (the agent that causes Lyme disease) and E. canis are endemic. This research shows that dogs exposed to Lyme disease are at a 43% higher risk of developing kidney disease. And for dogs exposed to Ehrlichia in E. canis-endemic areas, that number jumps up to 112%. This research included both symptomatic and seemingly healthy dogs.
Why should I ask my veterinarian about screening for exposure to infected ticks?
All dogs should be screened annually because it’s quite possible your pet could be fighting an infection and not showing any visible signs of illness. Your veterinarian can screen your dog using tests like the IDEXX SNAP® 4Dx® Plus Test, which is a comprehensive pet-side test for tick- and mosquito-transmitted infections. Running a comprehensive test once a year is important to monitor your pet’s health, as recommended by the Companion Animal Parasite Council, an independent group of leading parasitologists.
What are the signs of Lyme disease or Ehrlichia?
This Pet Health Network article on Lyme disease outlines symptoms, as does this article on Ehrlichia. For both conditions, signs may include fever, fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes. Lyme disease can also be accompanied by joint pain. However, many dogs with antibodies to Lyme disease or Ehrlichia may show no visible signs of their infection.
This new data suggests that certain dogs, regardless of visible signs, may be at increased risk of ensuing diseases, making annual health monitoring even more important in tick-exposed pets.
What if my veterinarian determines that my dog has been exposed to an infected tick?
If your veterinarian is using the IDEXX SNAP 4Dx Plus Test, a blue dot indicating exposure to an infected tick can be quickly and easily followed up with routine blood work and urinalysis to determine if there is hidden or underlying tick-borne disease. Your veterinarian can also monitor kidney function with the IDEXX SDMA® Test to help catch early signs of kidney function loss in at-risk pets. With this information, your veterinarian can determine what treatments are appropriate.
What happens if my dog’s results are negative?
The good news is that negative results are our goal. A negative test result for exposure to infected ticks indicates preventive measures are working, which should be great news for you and your pet.
To protect our pets and ourselves, it’s critical to stay alert to the risks. That means regularly screening your pet—whether symptomatic or seemingly healthy—to identify exposure to infected ticks. Make an appointment today with your veterinarian to get your pet screened for exposure to tick-borne disease.
If you have any questions or concerns, you should always visit or call your veterinarian – they are your best resource to ensure the health and well-being of your pets.
Terry in blackcurrant: signs of the disease. Methods to combat the terry of blackcurrant and preventive measures
There is no healthier berry than currants.
However, it is sometimes very difficult to grow a healthy bush and get a good harvest.
Cultivation is complicated by currant diseases and pests.
One of these diseases, which completely destroys the crop, is terry (reversion).
Terry — This is a dangerous viral disease of the berry, which is more common on blackcurrant. It affects almost the entire bush. The disease causes the degeneration of currants to a wild state. Sometimes the disease subsides, but returns again. Hence another name for the disease — recurrent disease.
What is the terry of blackcurrant
The causative agent of this disease is a virus that travels through the vessels of the shrub and infects it entirely. You can detect the disease in early spring, when the first leaves bloom. Currant can get the terry virus in any climatic zone.
Signs of currant disease
When examining a bush with a vein, you need to pay attention to the following signs of the disease:
• The apical leaves of the shoots have become three-lobed, rough and dark green — this is the first sign of degeneration of currants. A healthy bush has five-pronged leaves.
• The leaves are elongated, without small veins.
• A healthy leaf of currant has a characteristic odor; plants damaged by terry lose this property. Leaves are odorless.
If it was not possible to determine the disease in early spring, then during flowering the damaged plant stands out from the general plantings. The reliability of the diagnosis of the virus is 100%.
• The structure of the flower changes in the affected plant. The flowers are reborn, become terry and separate.
• Flower brushes are extended and get a lilac shade.
Such bushes do not form ovaries and become barren. There is a partial defeat of currants with terry. Such plants have healthy shoots, only the tops of the stems are damaged. In diseased plants, flowering is late, small berries are formed.
How terry spreads in currants
The spread of the disease is a kidney tick that hibernates in the currant buds. In spring, the pest switches to healthy shoots, infection occurs at the time of tick feeding. The infection penetrates the plant tissue.
Currant infection occurs in those areas where the plants are not damaged by a tick. The carriers of the virus are other pests of currant:
A viral disease persists throughout the season and hibernates in the plant itself. Therefore, the source of infection is the landing itself. The infection enters the body of the tick and is transmitted to other plants.
Often infection occurs during vaccination of a diseased cuttings on a healthy plant. When pruning, when an intermediate disinfection of a garden tool has not been carried out.
Important! With a bush of currant affected by the terry, cuttings do not cut!
What is dangerous terry on blackcurrant
Terryness is a very insidious disease, which often stops its development, thereby masking itself.
Affected plants lose their productivity partially or completely. A viral disease develops for a long time, gradually. Productivity does not fall immediately.
If the disease entered the garden through a new planting material, then such plants will not bear fruit, they will be infertile.
Important! The source of infection is the affected currant bushes. All infected plants must be removed.
In this situation, do not hesitate, you need to act bolder and replace the planting material with healthy bushes.
What to do if currants are infected with terry
Unfortunately, the disease is not treated, all diseased bushes need to be uprooted. For the future, we can only advise preventive measures:
1. Planting on the site you need only healthy planting material. All seedlings should be carefully examined for pests.
2. You need to plant disease-resistant varieties.
3. The gardener should regularly spray the plants with immunostimulating drugs.
4. Time to destroy all pests on the site.
5. Carry out preventive measures to control pests.
6. Remove all trash under the bushes.
The most resistant to terry are varieties with early awakening of the kidneys, in which the development of apical shoots ceases at the time of mass destruction. These varieties include: Memory of Michurin, Zhelannaya, Kent, News.
How to deal with a kidney tick
In spring, you need to inspect the bush well and remove all swollen buds in which the pest hibernates. If the shoot is severely affected, then it must be removed entirely. All cut branches are burned.
Against the tick, several chemical treatments are carried out.
• The first treatment begins in the spring, at the time of tick migration.
• The second is held in the first half of summer.
Resettlement of ticks in young buds occurs before flowering, then it is necessary to carry out treatment with drugs. It is good for these purposes to use biological preparations:
With severe infection, when no methods of control help, you can resort to chemicals.
If necessary, re-processing is carried out after full harvest, when the pest is actively propagating.
Fertilizers to enhance plant immunity
Growing currants on the site, you need to monitor its health. Cuttings only those plants on which there were no signs of terry for the past 4 years.
Fertilizing will help increase the plant’s resistance to the virus. Proper application of fertilizers allows you to grow healthy seedlings, which will give a good harvest.
For top dressing, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are used. In addition to root dressing, it is good to carry out foliar spraying with the following solutions:
Increase the dose of nitrogen fertilizers in nutrient mixtures is not worth it. This gives the exact opposite result. Plants, on the contrary, become vulnerable to the terry virus. After harvesting, the bush can be treated with colloidal sulfur.
- Planting new currant bushes instead of damaged ones to their original place is possible only after five years.
- At the site of the former planting, you can break the beds using organic matter. Terry virus is not a threat to other cultures. The fruits can be harvested and eaten.
- Inspect the plantings as often as possible to prevent infection of healthy bushes. Timely removal of terry affected plants will positively affect crop yields.
- Timely sanitary cleaning allows you to monitor the condition of the plant. The probability of defeat is reduced several times.
- Regular watering helps regulate the moisture around the shrub. A too humid environment attracts most pests.
Digging the soil around the shrub and harvesting weeds will help reduce the risk of damage.