Spider mite on seedlings: eggplant, tomato, pepper, how to deal with it — About the farm
Spider mite on the seedlings of pepper, tomato, eggplant and how to deal with it
- 1 Spider mite on the seedlings of pepper, tomato, eggplant and how to deal with it
- 2 What seedlings does the spider mite love?
- 3 Causes
- 4 Consequences of spiderweb lesions
- 5 How to treat seedlings of tomatoes, peppers and eggplant from the pest?
- 6 Using folk methods
- 7 The use of special preparations at home
- 8 How to rid the orchid of spider mites? Causes of the parasite, recommendations for control and prevention
- 9 Insect characteristic
- 10 What is dangerous?
- 11 How to inspect the plant?
- 12 A photo
- 13 Why can a pet be especially vulnerable?
- 14 Step by step instructions how to get rid
- 15 Prevention of infection and precautions
- 16 Eggplant pests: description, prevention, control measures
- 17 We fight with spider mite
- 18 Aphids control measures
- 19 Scoops
- 20 How to deal with whiteflies
- 21 Ways to combat the Colorado potato beetle
Spider mite is one of the most dangerous pests of cultivated plants, their seedlings and indoor plants. It can affect crops in the garden, in the greenhouse, and even in your home on a windowsill.
And even despite the fact that the size of the insect is extremely small, the tick can cause irreparable damage to the plants, including causing their death. This is because the pest is distinguished by high fecundity and excellent “appetite” and can affect both tomatoes and cucumbers, as well as other crops.
Thanks to the ability to create a thin spider web, the tick got its name “spider web”. In this article we will learn what measures and methods can be dealt with and get rid of the pest.
What seedlings does the spider mite love?
Spider mite prefers to “feast on” seedlings of the nightshade family. Most often, his diet includes tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and cucumbers. Tiny dots of yellow color — places of bites appear along the main vein of the foliage. Over time, they become discolored, and on top they become covered with a cobweb, along which the pest moves. Tick most often captures the upper part of the seedlings, trying to completely suck the juice from the foliage. If you do not notice the insects in time, you can wait for the irreversible, when saving the plants is no longer possible.
Spider mite close up
Any insect for rapid reproduction and development needs optimal conditions. In the case of spider mites, this is high temperature and dry air. Perezimovat pest can in the upper ball of the soil, in fallen dry leaves, in the greenhouse (especially in its corners), as well as in the ground on the windowsill of your apartment windows.
Moreover, it is worth noting that a spider mite can also appear at home, even taking into account the fact that the land is harvested and the seeds themselves are processed indoors. Everything here is in the created conditions and external factors, for example, as it was said earlier about the gusts of wind.
The only thing that can be done is to perform preventive measures to prevent the appearance of pests. Keep a constant eye on the plants, and as soon as you see signs of ticks, immediately remove the damaged foliage. Timely processing of crops with special means will quickly eliminate the problem and preserve the harvest.
Withered plant due to spider mite
Consequences of spiderweb lesions
Spider mite causes irreparable harm to any plants, including their seedlings. It leads to the destruction of part of the cells, reducing the area and intensity of the photosynthesis process, making the nightshade more vulnerable to various kinds of diseases. The pest not only feeds on the plant, but is also a carrier of infectious diseases. These are gray mold spores and other infectious diseases of agricultural crops.
If the spider mite struck the saplings even before the appearance of flowering and a timely course of treatment is not performed, then the ovary may not form at all. Consequently, there will be no harvest. At this time, the plant becomes vulnerable to other diseases, fungi and infections. It grows long and does not bear fruit well, and in the end it may simply die.
How to treat seedlings of tomatoes, peppers and eggplant from the pest?
Chemicals can be used to combat spider mites. This is the most effective way, and in principle, it can also be used for seedlings. The main thing to remember is that insect eggs are more resistant to specialized means than healthy individuals. And it is recommended to process bushes several times with a short break in a couple of days.
Acaricides and insectoacaricides are recommended as chemicals.
Spider mite on a house plant
Using folk methods
There are a lot of popular methods to cope with spider mites with the help of available tools, various herbs and plants. Consider the main ones:
- 5 liters of water, prepare 0.5 kg of crushed dried leaves and stalks of black henbane. Leave to insist the composition for 12 hours, then strain it and add 30 g of liquid soap. You can also use grated soap;
- black bleached can also be used fresh. To do this, you need to pour 3 kg of the plant with a small amount of boiled water and leave the infusion for 3 hours. Once everything is cool, the composition must be drained and add water to a volume of 10 liters;
- Prepare 0.3 kg of shredded dandelion roots or 0.5 kg of fresh leaves. Fill all with water at a temperature not exceeding 40 degrees Celsius for three hours. After filtering, the infusion can be used, and this is done at least three times: as soon as the first leaflets of the seedlings appear, after the appearance of flowering and another two weeks after that;
- garlic brew showed itself well for which you need 0.5 kg of minced garlic pour 3 liters of water. To insist the composition is recommended for three days in a warm place. This is a concentrated infusion. For spraying on 5 liters of water it will need only 50 g. Plus, before using it, you need to add another 50 g of liquid soap to the solution.
Spider mite affected leaf
It is recommended to sprinkle seedlings of tomatoes and other cultures with such folk infusions and solutions only in the evening when there is no scorching sun. Moreover, the addition of soap is performed immediately before the use of the composition and helps to cope with the web. There are many recipes for poisonous plants. In this case, it is extremely important to observe the dosage of plants and herbs, so as not to harm not only the plant itself, but also the person who sprays.
The use of special preparations at home
Gardeners are advised in treating spider mites to treat plants with benign means, but if they do not give the desired result, you need to use specialized drugs. In this case, it is worth spraying Bitoxibacillin, Fitoverm or colloidal sulfur. When these options did not work either, pay attention to the solution of the broad-acting acaricide — Aktellika, Omayt, Neoron, Sanmite, Talstar, Flumaight, Fufanon. Including you can use drugs to combat spider mites on currants.
Spider mite is a very dangerous pest that can lead to the death of seedlings. That is why it is recommended to carefully monitor your plants and immediately treat them with the necessary means when the first signs of the disease appear. This will protect you from crop loss.
How to rid the orchid of spider mites? Causes of the parasite, recommendations for control and prevention
Orchid is a flower, the main difference of which is its unique flowering and exoticism. Sometimes it happens that the plant is attacked by parasites that prevent it from developing and growing normally. The most common insect is the spider mite. From the article we learn what this insect is, what is dangerous for the plant, how it appears, how to deal with it and how it carries out prevention from spider mites.
Spider mite — a rather dangerous parasite attacking an orchid. It does not belong to insects, but belongs to arachnids. This is a very distant relative of spiders and scorpions. A distinctive feature is the number of limbs (the tick has 4 pairs, and all other insects are only 3). There are about 1000 species in the family, some individuals have adapted to life even in Antarctica.
How does it differ from other species?
- Mite has the ability to weave a thin cobweb, this explains its name.
- There is a slowdown in the development of young, if the humidity is too high.
- Loves dry and warm climate.
- Spider mite can cause fungal, viral, bacterial diseases.
- It parasitizes plants only.
- It has 8 paws and a solid body.
- He has complex eyes, antennae and wings.
What does it look like?
The body is oval in shape, sizes range from 0.3-0.6 millimeters. The hue depends on what the tick consumes, most often the color is reddish or green. Although adults possess 4 pairs of legs, their movements are constrained and slow.
In the process of life, the pest weaves a web, enveloping the buds, foliage, flower stalk. It protects future generations from external factors. Spider mite develops very quickly. Maturity reaches after 15-20 days. The newly appeared tick has only 6 legs, after 2-3 days 2 more appear.
What is dangerous?
Tick instantly damages the flower compounds. Hiding under fallen leaves and in the ground. The level of danger depends on the number of individuals and the area affected. Consequences for orchids — the stem weakens, the intensity of photosynthesis decreases. Ticks can cause various infections. If you do not start to fight it in time or choose the wrong method, there is a considerable chance of destroying not only the orchid, but also other indoor plants.
How does a flower strike?
At first, the spider mite drinks juice from the sinuses of the flower, the base of the stem. In the first days, the tick lives on the walls of the tank, and then crawls onto the orchid itself.. A certain period of time he is in the so-called «dream». But the year comes favorable conditions, the pest begins active reproduction. The parasite is located on the inner side of the leaf, after some period it pierces the leaf plate and drinks juice from it. White spots and patches of cobwebs are a clear sign of a tick.
How to inspect the plant?
Unfortunately, the human eye can notice it when most of the leaf is damaged. In the initial stage of reproduction, it is almost impossible to see the spider mite with the naked eye.
Signs of spider mites:
- Light spots are formed on the plates, which eventually become larger.
- Orchid gradually fades.
- The leaves curl and dry.
- The manifestation of the web.
The photo shows what an orchid looks like, struck by a spider mite.
Why can a pet be especially vulnerable?
Parasites penetrate open windows or they are brought in with new flowers. The orchid is very vulnerable if the air temperature is too high and the humidity is low. Protection mechanisms are also weakened due to sudden changes in temperature, poor lighting, frequent fertilization.
Step by step instructions how to get rid
Ticks grow quickly in dry airtherefore the humidity should be optimal.
It can be increased by:
- Perform watering.
- Place the flower in a plastic bag.
- So keep for at least 3 days.
This procedure will increase moisture and kill the enemy.
Important! The created greenhouse effect may adversely affect the pet. It is not recommended to do this for more than 3 days. There are signs of wilting — the package opens a little or completely retracts.
Washing with dishwashing detergent
How to deal with the parasite at home with detergents? You will need to make a solution of 1 tablespoon per 1 liter of liquid. It is allowed to make treatment with ordinary water mixed with soap. The number of ticks will fall at times. It is also worth thoroughly rubbing the place where the pot stood. Parts of the plant that are badly damaged are removed and disinfected.
Treatment with special preparations
You can use biological, chemical and folk remedies.. Pesticides include «Aktelik» — they are treated 2 times with an interval of a week. Since the drug is too poisonous, it can only be used outdoors. One ampoule is diluted in a liter of water. Spray the resulting solution. There is another remedy called Apollo.
Application effective against larvae. Impact on mature individuals is insignificant. In 5 liters of liquid dilute 2 milliliters of Apollo, and then process the orchid twice.
- Acarin. After only a few hours, the spider mite stops consuming juice, and dies on the second day. Dosage — 4 liters of water 2 milliliters of chemical. It is enough to spray 4 times.
- Fitoderm. The composition includes the products of the vital activity of the inhabitants of the soil. Processing is done indoors. It is necessary to mix 3 milliliters of substance and 2 liters of water. As in the previous case, enough 4 times.
Folk methods of struggle
- It is necessary to take medical alcohol and cotton wool tampons. Affected parts of the orchid gently wipe previously moistened swab. But first you need a test — wetted a small area. The web has disappeared, and the plant has a healthy appearance — you can continue the procedure.
- Citrus peel weighing 100 grams, filled with water, boiled, and then infused for 3 days. Spraying should be done every 4-5 hours.
Prevention of infection and precautions
It’s not enough to know how to get rid of pests, still need to be done periodically prevention:
- Maintain normal moisture.
- Once a month to process a biological drug.
- In time to clean fallen leaves.
- Maintain optimum temperature.
Orchid is a capricious, but surprisingly beautiful plant. To achieve colorful flowering and health of the bush can be with proper and quality care. To prevent tick infestation, it is necessary to regularly spray orchid with water or weak biological solutions.
Eggplant pests: description, prevention, control measures
Eggplant belongs to the family Solanaceae. Due to the large number of beneficial micronutrients and vitamins is one of the components of a proper diet. First was cultivated in Southeast Asia, therefore prefers subtropical and tropical climate. In other climatic conditions, it is also grown, but greenhouses are used, and planting is carried out by seedling.
Caring for eggplants requires special effort and attention, they are considered to be fastidious plants, and it is not so easy for a novice gardener to cope with their cultivation. Many pests are not averse to eat the plant and spoil the crop. Important be able to recognize an insect in time and take measures to combat it.
Did you know? In ancient times, eggplant was considered a poisonous vegetable because of a bitter taste. He was ground into powder and could be sprinkled on hated enemies.
We fight with spider mite
A common pest of Solanaceae is a spider mite. It cannot be viewed with the naked eye.and the effects of his presence are immediately visible — ticks are very voracious. Tying the lower surface of the leaf with a small web (looks like a «marble drawing»), the tick pierces it and feeds on life-giving juice. The bush of the plant looks as if it is being constantly injected (many holes appear on the leaves and trunk).
If you do not pay attention to it in time, then the trunk is covered with spots, and the leaves curl into a tube. The reproductive function of spider mites is very high, a new generation appears every 2-3 weeks. In case of late response to this pest, you can lose the entire crop.
Use of chemicals includes insecticaroicaricides and acaricides. Observing the instructions, a preparation solution is prepared for the preparations, which are sprayed with the plants. Greenhouses are fumigated by burning chemicals. Around the plant is treated with soil.
These methods can be applied not only separately, but also by combining them.
Did you know? For those who are trying to quit smoking, it is advisable to include an eggplant in your daily diet. It contains vitamin PP and lowers the need for nicotine.
Agrotechnical methods create an unfavorable environment for the existence of a tick: increase air humidity and increase foliar irrigation; planted plants that scare ticks; destroy weeds; process the soil.
There are many folk remedies. to fight and scare spider mites, but not all of them are effective. Various infusions and broths with which eggplant seedlings are sprayed belong to them. As soon as you notice that pests appeared in your eggplants in the form of a spider mite, immediately start a fight with them. To reduce the number of insects, remove and burn all the weeds.
What else can be planted with eggplants: dill, basil, beans, zucchini, corn, pepper, cucumbers, onions, radishes, tomatoes.
Damaged shoots and leaves should also be torn off and burned. Decide on the method of control and proceed to the destruction of the pest. After a few days, inspect the seedlings and make sure that the tool you have chosen has helped. If a cobweb or new points appear again, it means that the selected drug is ineffective, and it should be replaced by other types of struggle. To certainly get rid of the insect population, the treatment is carried out repeatedly. And after complete destruction of the pest, monitor the appearance of the seedlings and carry out prophylaxis to prevent new invasions. Prevention includes agrotechnical methods of insect control.
Aphids control measures
Aphids, like spider mites, suck the sap of plants. Although outwardly it looks harmless, it can bring huge damage to the crop. Her life activity takes place on the leaves, stalk and flowers of crops. Aphids do not feed on fruits, but are one of the most dangerous pests on eggplant seedlings. The tissues of the plant affected by aphids are deformed and dry up. Deformation occurs due to toxins that an insect emits when sucking a life-giving juice. This pest covers the leaves of the papay (sugary discharge), which is a favorable environment for soot fungus. Also aphid carries all possible bacteria.
Plants affected by aphids slow down their growth; complete drying of young growths can occur. It can destroy the whole planting of seedlings. It is necessary to completely destroy this pest, because, having absorbed one planting, the aphid may hide and appear during the next planting seasons.
Important! The fruits of eggplant, which were formed during the defeat of aphids, grow small in size and are not suitable for use. They taste very bitter.
The fight against aphids must be complex, otherwise the destruction may be ineffective. Immediately begin to apply chemical exposure to insecticides that quickly decompose. Such substances do not linger and do not accumulate in the plant. Such drugs include: Karbofos, Aktellik, Detsis Profi, Aktara. When using these drugs strictly follow the instructions, for each of them has its own pattern of application. Also take care of personal protection, skin and mucous membranes are sensitive to pesticides. Use gloves, goggles or a mask. Work with poisons spend in dry weather.
Important! Eggplants should not be treated with chemicals during flowering and fruiting.
Folk remedies are used if the defeat of aphids occurred during flowering or fruiting. Several ways to fight:
- In a ten-liter bucket, mix the tops of potatoes, tomato, celandine, garlic and kabak in a ratio of 1: 1, 1 cup of liquid soap and 400 g of wood ash. All this mix and leave in a dark place for three days. Stir periodically. Strain the mixture, use once a week.
- In a 10-liter bucket, mix 50 g of chilli pepper and 50 g of tobacco ash in warm water. Insist for 2-3 days, and then add soap 3 tablespoons and 200 g of wood ash. After filtering use 1 time in 2 weeks.
- Boil wormwood and tansy (1 kg each) in 2 liters of water. Strained broth diluted to 10 liters and add 5 spoons of soap.
- Soak a kilogram of dried yarrow in 2 liters of boiling water, strain, dilute in 10 liters of water and add 5 spoons of soap.
For the fight and prevention of aphids will help plants that it can not tolerate, and insects that devour it. With eggplants you can plant fennel, onion, coriander, mint, garlic. The aromas of these plants scare away insects. Insects that feed on aphids — ladybug, ground beetle, predatory mites and bedbugs. But it is worth remembering that some of them can destroy other crops grown by you.
Trees that also need treatment: plum, apple, walnut, apricot, cherry.
Primary damage is caused during the disembarkation of eggplant seedlings. Larvae, wintering in the ground, with warming climbs to the surface. Able to gnaw the trunk of a young plant, as well as feed on fruits. Appear on open ground and in the greenhouse. For two whole months, they feed on agricultural crops, and then pupate.
In one season, they can lay over 2,000 eggs. The most dangerous are the scoops that have survived the winter. The appeared larvae are destroyed by chemical solutions «Inta-vir», «Karbofos», «Kinmiks». Prevention consists in loosening the soil after watering and removing weeds.
How to deal with whiteflies
During the season, the whitefly gives more than 15 generations. Its appearance is typical for closed ground, where there is high humidity combined with high temperature. Favorite places — greenhouses and greenhouses. Insects suck eggplant juice. Located on the back of the sheet, and on the surface of the bottom sheet there is a whitish coating (whitefly litter), on which the fungus develops. It is believed that the soot fungus causes more damage to the seedlings.
The methods of control are similar to the destruction of aphids; chemical agents are considered effective: “Actellic” — no more than 4 treatments, following the instructions. «Confidor» — one-time use. «Pegasus» — 2 times with an interval of a week.
The biological method of control is replanting enkarzii. The female lays eggs in the body of the whitefly, and this is a very effective method. Macrolofus bug bedding is also used. Folk methods: lowering the temperature in the greenhouse, glue traps, infusion of garlic. Prevention: sufficient ventilation, moisture-temperature regimes, planting scheme of eggplant, plant nutrition. The whitefly’s natural enemy is the ladybug.
Ways to combat the Colorado potato beetle
These insects move from potato tops to seedlings and adult plant eggplant. Its leaves are eaten and the larvae lay, which also feed on the sap and pulp of the leaves of the plant.
To protect seedlings from the Colorado potato beetle, it is enclosed with special fences. If the beetle settled on eggplant, but has not yet laid aside the larvae, it can be harvested by hand. When larvae appear, chemical treatment is used: Calypso, Prestige and other insecticides from the Colorado potato beetle.
If in the process of growing eggplant you are faced with an insect attack, do not despair. First, determine who you are dealing with in order to know how to treat eggplant seedlings and from which pests. Timely treatment of seedlings will provide an opportunity to grow a rich and tasty harvest.