How to kill ticks? What remedy kills ticks? Useful Tips
How to kill a tick
- 1 How to kill a tick
- 2 Ixodid ticks
- 3 The «face» of the enemy
- 4 How ticks bite
- 5 Prevention
- 6 The parasite sucked
- 7 Chemical fight
- 8 What remedy kills ticks to death
- 9 Barn Tick
- 10 Spider mite
- 11 Tick on the skin
- 12 The destruction of ticks at home
- 13 Destroying ticks at your site
- 14 Tick Overview
- 15 What does the bite site look like?
- 16 What is a tick bite dangerous?
- 17 How to remove a tick after a bite
- 18 The most common ways to remove a tick from the skin
- 19 Tick transfer to the laboratory
- 20 Is it possible to crush a tick with fingers
- 21 How to kill
- 22 How to kill ticks on pets and clothes
- 23 Tick Bite Prevention
The reality is that almost 48,000 species of ticks thrive in nature! They live everywhere, even in Antarctica, occupying the soil, parasitizing on birds and animals, settling on plants and food. So whether we want it or not, a collision with them is more than possible. Therefore, how to kill ticks, everyone should know. Fortunately, not all of their species are parasitic. Many ticks are common predators or scavengers of the insect world. These do not interest us. We will try to embrace the immensity and in one small article tell about a huge family of parasites that poison our lives.
These feed only on the blood of animals, birds, and people. In nature, there are already 700 species. The features of their body are such that they can carry the viruses of encephalitis, borreliosis and other dangerous diseases without scant harm to themselves. If a person is bitten by just such a tick, the probability of infection is high. After a bite, the virus enters the bloodstream instantly, and into the brain the very next day. Encephalitis medications do not always help, and there are many deaths, especially among children. There are two subspecies of ticks — Far Eastern and Siberian, the mortality rate from the bite of which is 25%! Therefore, it is much more important to know not how to kill a tick, but how to avoid a bite. In Russia, these parasites are common in Siberia, the Far East, Moscow, Leningrad, Ulyanovsk, Samara regions, and Karelia. The peak of the attack is May-June. Moreover, ticks can be found not only in the forest, but also in cottages, cemeteries, and parks.
The «face» of the enemy
The appearance of representatives of different species of ixodidae is somewhat different. There are ticks with a plain back and patterned, there are dark, almost black, and there are light brown and gray. The common thing between them is that a well-fed tick is many times bigger than a hungry one and looks like a bloated blood bubble. The length of the hungry is from 0.2 mm to 5 mm. The body is whole, the head is not clearly marked. In some species, the body is covered with shell or shields. He has 4 pairs of legs, and there are stitching-sucking mouth outgrowths on his head. How to kill a tick if you suddenly caught it on yourself? Just crush it? His covers are so hard that after such an execution he continues to live on. Therefore, it is recommended to burn it, but it is better to take it to the laboratory for tests to find out if it is infected with viruses or not.
How ticks bite
The majority of representatives of ixodid ticks are blind, so the assertion that they attack only those in white is at least misleading. The parasite reacts to the heat and smell of the victim’s body, and senses it for 10 meters or more! While waiting, he can sit on a blade of grass or a tree for 4 weeks, and after waiting for his jumps on the victim and begins to crawl along it in search of a place with thinner skin (armpits, groin, neck, stomach). They bite painlessly, as they inject a special analgesic substance into the victim. Therefore, often people learn about a bite only by red spots (erythema) or by the symptoms of the onset of diseases (temperature, nausea, headaches). In this regard, the question of how to kill ticks fades into the background. At the first — how to protect yourself from ticks, if you do not even always notice them. Some advise to inject a special immunoglobulin, which you need to have with you. Experts doubt the effectiveness of this measure. There are cases when immunoglobulin worsened the course of the disease, but did not save it.
With regard to ticks, it is difficult to overestimate it. Many zealous owners in crowded places (recreation centers, campsites, parks) process green spaces from parasites. How to kill ticks in their own suburban area? For this, Medilis-Ziper, Dermacenter, Hemafizalis are suitable. Some use DDT. All of these drugs have instructions for use that must be followed.
The second important step in prevention is vaccination. It will not save from bites, but the only one will 100% protect against infection with deadly diseases. Vaccination is especially necessary for those who live in the regions chosen by ticks, as well as those who are going there.
For those who go to the forest, and not to a country house treated with parasites, there are simple rules to help avoid tick bites. They are simple:
— every 2 hours to study their clothes for ticks,
— put on long trousers in the forest, the bottom of which is tucked in socks, the blouse should also be with long sleeves,
— upon returning home, wash clothes.
The parasite sucked
How can I kill a tick that has managed to stick to the skin? Some advise not to engage in amateur performances, but immediately rush to the doctor. This is wrong, because the sooner you get rid of the bloodsucker, the fewer viruses (if it has one) get into the body. The tick itself is removed as follows:
1. His body is tied with a thread as close to the surface of the skin as possible, that is, of his head, and slowly swinging begins until the mite pulls his head out of the bite. If she suddenly comes off and remains in the skin, it is necessary to pick it out with a disinfected needle.
2. Close the tick on the skin with a cotton swab moistened with oil, grease it with petroleum jelly or drip wax on its body, that is, block off oxygen to it. They say that without the ability to breathe, he crawls out.
3. Squeeze the body of the tick with tweezers to pluck the eyebrows and begin to slowly turn out (do not pull) from the skin. It is important to crush the parasite! Then its contents instantly fall into the wound. If the tick is successfully removed, grease the bite with alcohol or iodine, rinse the tweezers and the needle.
The industry produces tick killer drugs. They are divided into:
— repellents, i.e. repellents,
— acaricidal (paralyzing parasite),
— insecticidal-repellent (2 in 1).
Repellents are good because they relieve all blood-sucking creatures (gnats, mosquitoes, ticks) while they are in nature. These agents are toxic, but no more than any other that serves a similar purpose. There are also repellents for children. It is necessary to apply them both on clothes and on the skin, and it is advisable for babies to spray their heads. The disadvantages of repellents are the short duration, weathering, washing off with water and so on. There are a lot of them on sale — Pretix, Off! Extreme, Deta-VOKO, Biban and others containing diethyltoluamide and permethrin compounds.
What remedy kills ticks to death
The answer is acaricides. It is they (substances based on sulfur, chlorine, phosphorus organics) that destroy ticks on plants, products (for example, seeds), are part of preparations for the destruction of parasites in animals and birds. For people, there are acaricidal sprays, which, however, do not kill, but only paralyze the ticks of the paws. All acaricidal preparations have a high class of toxicity, therefore they are not applied to the skin, but only to clothing (not worn on a person, but lying on the side). It can be used only after the preparation has dried. The choice of acaricidal sprays is wide. These are “Tornado-antic tick”, “Gardeks-antic tick”, “Reftamide taiga” and others. Each such tool that kills ticks is quite effective, but when working with them, you need to follow safety rules.
Insecticidal-repellent products combine 2 in 1. In any case, this is what the manufacturers intended, for sure. They are also toxic, therefore they are applied only to clothing.
This disease is now rare, but do not forget about it. It is caused by scabies mites. You can pick them up only with direct contact (including sexual) with the infected. Clothing and household items are not involved in the process. Once on a healthy person, the female parasite, like a mole, immediately begins to dig a move in the skin. Productivity — up to 5 mm per day. In half an hour she manages to completely disappear in her mink. What is interesting: scabies mites do not care, their victim is a fan of cleanliness or has been unwashed for a month. They live on everyone. Signs of damage include a rash, itching, and broken lines (itch minks or passages). However, there are times when such symptoms are absent. Favorite places for moves — between the fingers and toes, genitals, wrists. The rash begins there, and then spreads throughout the body.
The scabies itself are not terrible, but its complications. So, in half of the patients, dermatitis and purulent inflammation are observed, and in some, especially weakened people, with scabies pneumonia, erysipelas, internal abscesses and other diseases occur. How to kill a subcutaneous tick? For this purpose, ointments with benzyl benzoate, lindane, melation are used. The drug «Ivermectin» has proven itself well.
Animals also have scabies mites, but they are not transmitted to humans.
These ticks are 65 species, but there are only two “human” ones. One lives in hair bags, the other in sebaceous glands. The sizes of parasites are microscopic, up to 0.5 mm. Some believe that teenagers suffer from demodexes. This is not so, 2/3 of the elderly and half of middle-aged people are affected by ticks. They are transmitted from the patient to healthy only through close contact. Many of us do not even suspect that they are carriers of this tick, as there are no symptoms. They begin to appear with stress, diseases that weaken the immune system. An ailment begins, characterized by itching, rash, pustules. Demodecosis is often confused with conventional acne. It is possible to determine whether there is a tick or not only by laboratory tests.
How to kill a tick? Demodex has a fairly dense cover through which drugs penetrate poorly. However, ointments are the main medical tool. Good reviews are used by Permethrin, Tsinkikhtilovaya, Amitrozin (for eyelids), and liquid chlorophyll. Folk healers recommend treating the disease with streptocide, tar soap, personally prepared ointments with gunpowder, garlic (compresses with oil are made of it). With all types of treatment, it is necessary to strengthen the immune system, organize the correct regimen of the day and nutrition, and eliminate stress.
These parasites live not only in the barn, but also on the roots of plants, in nests of birds, in onions, grains, flour, sugar, cheese, wine, dried fruits. Their size is up to 0.5 mm, so it is difficult to notice such a tick with the naked eye. Sugar and flour mites are the culprits of the so-called groceries scabies. The infected person has reddening of the skin, itching, and when the parasite enters the body, intestinal acariasis, fraught with diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, and urinary acariasis, in which the urogenital organs are damaged, are connected. Cheese and wine mites also cause gastrointestinal diseases.
How to kill ticks on products? No way. Spoiled products must be discarded, and the places and containers where they were stored should be treated with a soap solution with bleach. Some advise using orange oil (a few drops in a glass of water). Prevention of infection: having brought cereals and products from the store, put them in the freezer for a day.
There are about 1300 species of these parasites, but the most famous is the common spider mite. The size of the insect does not reach 1 mm, and the color changes from the stage of development. Larvae are slightly greenish, almost transparent, adult females are bright. orange red. They spoil about 200 species of plants. The complexity of the fight against parasites is that their eggs remain viable for up to 5 years, and you can find them in the soil, on flowerpots, in the crevices of window frames and window sills. Spider mites eat plant juice, while rewarding their host with a number of diseases (gray rot, viral phytoinfection). The sign of lesions is small light dots on the leaves (lower side) and the web. A diseased plant must be immediately isolated from healthy ones, the window sill should be processed. How to kill a spider mite? To do this, use insecticides:
Popular methods are as follows:
— put garlic cloves next to the plant or place a lid with turpentine, wrap the pot with polyethylene and leave for a day,
— spray the plant with infusion of dandelion or onion husk roots.
There is also a biological method of control — to place predator ticks, which are sold in specialized stores, next to diseased plants.
Tick on the skin
It is impossible to kill a tick sticking to the skin, therefore, to begin with, the parasite should be removed. Ticks have a good grip and it is very difficult to pull out the sucked parasite with their bare hands, since their body can easily come off the head. To remove ticks, special tweezers with thin curved edges are used, they allow you to grab onto the head of the tick without pressing on the abdomen, which prevents the sucked blood from injecting back into the wound. For these purposes, you can purchase special devices that simplify the extraction of the parasite from the skin, they can be purchased at the pharmacy or in stores with goods for hiking.
After removing the parasite from the skin, you can destroy it or put it in a box and take it to the laboratory to check for viral diseases.
The site of the bite of the parasite should be disinfected with hydrogen peroxide or iodine and lubricated with ointment for healing wounds.
If it was not possible to completely remove the parasite, its remains should be pulled out with a sterile needle.
In the first days, monitor the condition of the wound left after a tick bite, in cases where it does not heal within 4 days or turns red and grows in size, you should immediately contact the clinic for analysis. Some tick-borne diseases may remain symptom-free for up to 20 days.
Signs of the disease can serve:
- Headaches and muscle aches,
- Joint pain,
- A rash on the body
- Enlarged lymph nodes.
The destruction of ticks at home
How to kill a tick hiding on clothes? It is necessary to collect linen on which parasites can be placed and put it in a washing machine, add powder and put on a long-term wash at a temperature of more than 60 degrees. After washing, the parasites must die and flush into the sewer. For greater certainty, linen can be ironed; ticks do not tolerate high temperature and dry air.
Also, the destruction of ticks can be carried out using special aerosols that destroy parasites. To do this, treat the clothing with drugs such as permethrin and other insecticides intended for the treatment of clothing. Be careful, some drugs are highly toxic to humans and animals, so they should be used after reading the instructions. The destruction of ticks in this way allows you to protect yourself not only after hiking in the forest and other habitats of parasites, but also before going out into the nature, if you treat the clothing with special preparations in advance.
For the destruction of ticks on domestic animals, special preparations calculated for treating animals should be used. To kill parasites in animals, drops and sprays are sold that should be treated with the animal.
Before using the drugs, carefully read the instructions, some of them can only be used on animals that have reached a certain age, some should not be used on pregnant or weakened animals.
You should think about protecting pets in advance and purchase sprays, drops, or a collar that protects against parasites.
Destroying ticks at your site
To do this, you need to bring in diligent form the area around the house. The grass should be trimmed regularly so that its height does not exceed 5 cm, since ticks like to hide behind the leaves, moreover, the grass retains moisture.
- Remove unnecessary trash from the yard, which serves as a shelter for ticks (old cabinets, bedside tables, heaped branches and other garbage). Fallen leaves should be raked in piles and taken to a landfill, many mites can hide in them.
- Ticks can move along with rodents, so you should set traps or poisoned baits, but watch that your dog or cat does not suffer from these traps and baits.
- To protect the site from ticks, some types of plants are used, an ordinary chamomile planted along the fence to serve as a worthy barrier to parasites. If, along with chamomile, sprinkle the perimeter with fine gravel, you can forget about the invasions of ticks.
- You can use more radical methods, for this you should buy in the store a tool designed to treat the area from parasites. Such measures can get rid of parasites within 1.5-4 months. In most cases, a single treatment is enough to prevent ticks from appearing on your site during the entire warm season.
- Some animals eat ticks and if you get a guinea fowl, they will quickly catch most of the parasites. But it should be noted that they will need supervision and they are quite noisy animals.
Use rubber gloves when cleaning the area, and after cleaning up, inspect yourself for parasites.
A tick is a blood-sucking insect that is a carrier of various deadly diseases. Тело паразита вырабатывает обезболивающее вещество, которое помогает скрыть момент укуса. Через рану, полученную от зараженного насекомого, бактерии и вирусы попадают в кровь и распространяются по всему организму человека.
Наибольшую активность клещи демонстрируют весной и летом. Места обитания — горы, леса, пространства с высокой травой. Ticks are also able to bite pets.
What does the bite site look like?
A tick bite on the owner’s body usually looks like a small red spot with a depression in the central part. Sometimes redness is absent, but the hole on the skin left by the proboscis of the sucking tick is always present. Often there are allergic reactions caused by insect saliva and skin microtrauma.
What is a tick bite dangerous?
Attaching itself, the insect pierces the skin of a person or animal with its proboscis and draws out blood. In order to suck, the parasite selects the most delicate areas of the skin — the head, neck, axillary cavities, lower back, stomach, inguinal zone. The bite itself is painless and may go unnoticed for a while. The consequences begin to appear in about two to three hours. Appears:
- Weakness, lethargy.
- Skin reactions (rashes and itching).
- Sore muscles and joints.
- The temperature rises sharply.
- Lymph nodes increase.
- Headache appears.
In addition to the listed symptoms, it can be observed:
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Shortness of breath, shortness of breath.
If even one of these symptoms occurs, you should immediately consult a doctor.
The area around the bite is pink or red, in the center there is a noticeable deepening deep into the skin. The bite itself is not dangerous for humans, only an infected insect is a threat.
How to remove a tick after a bite
If a tick is found that has sunk into the skin, it is necessary to remove it as soon as possible. The longer the insect remains in the wound, the greater the likelihood of infection.
If an insect is found on the skin, it is best to go immediately to a medical institution, where it will be removed and then sent for examination to check for dangerous viruses. If this is not possible, then you can try to do it yourself.
The most common ways to remove a tick from the skin
It is impossible to kill an insect that sticks to the skin. First of all, it must be removed. There are several ways.
- Use a syringe. This method is quite reliable and efficient. You will need a regular medical syringe, which is sold in each pharmacy. The top where the needle is inserted is cut off. The resulting product must be placed at the site of the bite so that the body of the tick is inside. The edges can be greased with saliva to maximize contact with the skin. Next, pull the piston toward you. After such manipulations, the parasite, as a rule, crawls out of the body.
- Using a thread. To do this, you need a strong thread or thin lace. A loop or nodule is made and is thrown as close to the tick head as possible. At the same time, the ends are straightened and neatly stretched from side to side, so gradually they pull out the parasite with a thread.
- Use tweezers. Before you learn how to remove a tick in this way, it is important to remember that you need maximum accuracy. The body of the insect must be captured as close to the skin as possible and gently pull upwards, as if twisting the tick. It is possible to get it out most often after several turns. You can’t immediately pull the tick out of the body, as it will burst, and its head will remain under the skin.
- Use special tools. In pharmacies you can buy very convenient devices that allow you to pull out an insect with maximum convenience. Most often, such tools are made in the form of a curved fork with two teeth. The parasite is hooked so that it is between the teeth, and its head is gently twisted.
After removing the insect, the site of the bite must be treated with hydrogen peroxide, iodine or any alcoholic liquid.
Tick transfer to the laboratory
The body of the parasite must be placed in a clean container (vial, jar), tightly closed with a lid and sent to the laboratory. The study will establish the presence of pathogens. If the parasite removed from a person or animal cannot be sent for research, it must be destroyed. How to kill a tick so as not to become infected? Consider several ways.
Is it possible to crush a tick with fingers
When an insect is removed, it must be destroyed, because, having got free, it will naturally go in search of new food. Many are interested in: “Can a tick be crushed by nails?” In principle, it is possible, but at the same time, the contents of its gastrointestinal tract will be sprayed on the skin. If there are wounds and microcracks on the arm, infection is inevitable. When choosing this method of killing, it should be remembered that the parasite has a solid chitinous shell, almost as strong as a human nail.
Then how to crush a tick? You can do this with stones or other hard objects, but the parasite will try to escape.
How to kill
So, how to kill ticks without harming your health?
- Tightly wrap the insect in adhesive tape on all sides. The parasite will not be able to get out through it and die in time. This is the best method since the insect will remain intact. In the future, if symptoms of the disease appear, it can be taken to the laboratory.
- You can use medical alcohol. How to kill ticks in this way? Just drop it in a container with alcohol, and the parasite will die in time. It will take some time for the tick to die.
In water, ticks do not die. If there is no medical alcohol, vinegar or bleach can be used.
Also, an insect can be destroyed in the following ways:
- Rinse it off the toilet, after packing it in a napkin.
- Burn in the fire.
- Warm up in a microwave in a closed container.
How to kill ticks on pets and clothes
Today on sale there is a wide variety of herbal and chemical products that help to remove these insects on domestic animals. But some of them can be dangerous for young animals or children playing with them, so first, if possible, it is recommended to consult a veterinarian.
You need to choose a tool that is designed for specific animals (for example, dogs or cats).
It is not recommended to use preparations containing organic phosphates. Before buying, you need to check whether amitraz, permethrin, phenoxycarb, tetrachlorvinphos, propoxur are included in the composition.
How to kill ticks on clothes?
- First, it should be kept in the dryer. Dry, hot air will kill almost all insects. After this, the clothes must be washed and dried again.
- Spray things with Permethrin. This chemical can kill ticks faster than other insecticides. In addition, it is relatively safe for humans.
Tick Bite Prevention
- If you are going for a walk in the forest belts, forest or ponds, you need to know one rule: for attack, the parasites choose those places on the body from which it is easiest to get to the human circulatory system. It is important to take care of clothing that covers the neck, groin, armpits. It is good if it is made of dense cloth. Shoes are recommended to choose closed.
- To scare away ticks, it is advisable to treat clothes and body with special means.
- During a walk through the forest, do not break branches and do not specifically delay them. Such actions can shake off a lot of ticks.
- It must be remembered that it is impossible to remove and crush the discovered insects with unprotected hands. To do this, use gloves (rubber or leather).
- If the tick has sucked in to remove it, you can try to drop iodine or any oil on it — the insect should fall off on its own in a few minutes.
- Coming from a walk, you need to inspect yourself, as a tick bite may not be felt.
Subject to the precautionary rules, the rest will be completely safe and give only a good mood!