What Trees Do Spotted Laternflies Like — Green Giant Services

Spotted Lanternfly Host Trees

What Trees Do Spotted Lanternflies Like

The Spotted Lanternfly does not attack all types of trees. However, since Spotted Lanternflies are pretty new to Pennsylvania, there is no complete list of trees that are susceptible to damage from for this invasive pest.

A “Host Tree” is a tree that is known to be a target of pests – in this case, the Spotted Lanternfly. Host Trees nourish and support insects during all, or some, of the insect’s life stages. Susceptible trees will host all life stages of Lanternflies – from the egg stage to adult.

Through evolution, insects have developed various methods to find host trees and determine if a particular tree (or tree species) is a suitable host. Insects have also developed mechanisms that will allow them to overcome the natural defenses of some plant types. It is also possible that some tree species that are suitable hosts for Lanternflies, have not yet been found by the Spotted Lanternfly!

Because the Spotted Lanternfly is so new to Pennsylvania it is likely that the list of host trees will only get longer. While there is a lot of research going on, it is likely there are tree species that are currently hosting Spotted Lanternfly that have not been discovered. The list below includes tree species that Green Giant arborists, the Department of Agriculture and/or university researchers have verified to be damaged by the Spotted Lanternfly.

At Green Giant we have observed that Spotted Lanternflies in the crawler stage (which is the stage right after they emerge from their eggs) seem to be attracted to trees with heavy sap content. We are seeing heavy infestations on Sweetgum and Maple trees.

List of known Trees that are attacked by the Spotted Lanternfly:

Tree of Heaven Birch Linden
Black Walnut Cherries Pine
Willow Peaches Black Gum
Apple Oak Grape
Hickory Service Berry Tulip Poplar
Maple American Beech Dogwood
Sassafras Sycamore Plums
White Ash

*Stay tuned for updates on trees that are being infested by the Lanternflies.


Other Types of Flies

There are approximately 120,000 species of flies that have been described by science. The actual number of species in the world is likely to be much larger. Species of flies are grouped into genera and families. Within a family and genus the species may share similar habits and lifestyles such blood feeding or breeding in filth.

Depending on the species, either females or both sexes of biting flies feed on blood. Biting fly mouth parts also differ based on feeding strategies. A mosquito uses its needlelike proboscis to suck blood, while larger horse flies use slicing appendages to tear flesh. Biting flies often are most active in warm, humid daytime hours and lay their eggs in decaying organic material such as mulch or even in or near bodies of water.

While filth flies do not feed on blood, they are extremely unsanitary, feeding and laying their eggs in trash, feces or decaying material. Filth flies are known carriers of over 100 diseases, including cholera and anthrax. Common house flies, drain flies, blow flies and phorid flies are common filth flies, although many other species of filth flies exist. Sanitation is necessary in combating filth fly populations.

Fruit flies are an example of a small type of fly. They favor fruits and other sugary, organic substances as feeding and breeding sites. Consumption of infested fruits and vegetables can lead to severe intestinal discomfort.


Common fly species

Flies can regularly be found in homes and businesses across the U.S.

Some species are more common than others and are attracted to different environments suited to their natural habits and lifecycle. Flies can be a problem anywhere, in places big or small, but they love large population centers, which means they can be a particular problem in cities such as Miami, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, New York and other large urban centers.

Knowing about the size, habits, seasonality and lifecycle of different fly species, can help to identify the most effective prevention and fly control methods.

FACT: On average, the adult housefly will live for around 30 days. They go through a complete four-stage cycle that consists of egg, larva, pupa and adult stages.

See also:  Cockroaches: A Brief Introduction, Owlcation

Do you think you have flies?

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Horse Fly

Horse flies are a particular pest to livestock. Relentless biting attacks by females can result in reduced weight gain in some animals.

Male horse flies are mainly pollen and nectar feeders and are most active during daylight hours.

Horse fly bites can be very painful for humans too.They have mouth parts that work like miniature knives, which they use to slash open the skin with a scissor–like motion.

Key Facts

  • Adults can be up to 25 mm long.
  • Black to dark brown in color with green or black eyes.
  • The males have contiguous eyes, which easily differentiates them from females where the eyes are widely separated.
  • Horse fly bites can be very painful.


  • Mating is initiated in the air and completed on the ground where the female then deposits an egg mass sometimes with a shiny or chalky secretion, which aids in water protection.
  • Eggs are laid in masses ranging from 100 to 1000 eggs on a vertical surface overhanging water or wet ground favorable to larvae development. The eggs hatch in 5–7 days.
  • They overwinter in the larval stage and pupate during the spring and early summer.
  • Adult life cycle is 30 to 60 days.

Dealing with fly infestations

Flies are a common pest and you should not take these issues lightly. Ehrlich can help you get rid of flies at your home or business.

Control methods can depend on your specific situation but may include bioremediation, baiting and application of pest control product.

Contact us for a quote

Bluebottle Fly

Bluebottle flies (also known as Blow fly) can often be seen hovering around garbage cans. These scavengers are attracted to pet feces and dead animals and as such are known carriers of disease.

Their name originates from their iridescent colors that are similar to colored bottles.

Key Facts

  • Adult is 1/4″ — 1/2″ in length.
  • Metallic blue color.
  • Larva — Similar to the house fly larva in all respects except size. 3/4″ when mature. They take 7 – 12 days to mature.


  • Eggs hatch 0 – 18 hrs (partial development may occur within the female).
  • Breeds in mostly meat derived substances, sometimes cheese.
  • Common pest of dead rodents/birds etc.

Cluster Fly

Cluster flies are commonly found in quiet, undisturbed parts of your home, such as attics and wall voids. They require warm places to hibernate over winter.

You may see a large group of cluster flies around a window, as they are attracted to the light on sunny winter days.

Key Facts

  • 6–10mm in length.
  • Dark grey–olive thorax clothed with crinkled golden–brown hairs.
  • Wings overlap when at rest.
  • Sluggish in flight.


  • Eggs laid in soil in late summer or early autumn.
  • Larva develops in earthworms – feeding on their host for several days. Then they molt and pupate in the soil.
  • Development time from egg to adult is about 27 to 39 days.

Sand Fly

Adult sand flies can be seen from April to September. They live on sandy riverbanks with an open habitat free of shading trees.

Females prefer to lay their eggs in damp soil or in the water.


Why Flies Are A Dangerous Pest

It’s happened to us all before; we’re sitting inside a restaurant and a fly buzzes over our food. In your local pizza dive, you might expect this and it might seem normal. But should it be? Having flies buzzing around the food that you eat is not safe, whether you are in a commercial diner or in your own kitchen, these insects can pose dangers to your health.

So you may be asking, “are flies dangerous?” They seem innocuous enough and flies themselves don’t physically harm you; very few flies will bite or sting, especially not the flies we come into contact on a regular basis here in Wisconsin. But cluster flies, house flies and stable flies (among others) are known for spreading at least 200 known pathogens and parasites to humans; so the answer is yes – flies are dangerous! These flies frequent trash cans, decaying flesh, rotting food and manure. They pick up any pathogens that are present in these areas and then can transfer them to wherever they land – whether it is the surfaces we touch or the food we eat. Some diseases known to be spread by flies include typhoid, cholera and dysentery, just to name a few.

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Having just a couple of flies in your home or business can seem like a minor problem, but when flies start breeding, more and more flies will appear very quickly, making what seemed like a small problem into a very large problem in no time. Fortunately, there are a few things you can do around your home and business to help prevent flies from taking over. These fly prevention tips include:

  • Check the mesh screens around doors and windows; they should be free from punctures and should fit securely to keep out invading insects.
  • Install an oscillating fan to discourage fly activity in specific areas of the home or commercial environment.
  • Remove any items inside that are attracting flies. This can include rotting food and dirty drains. Take out the trash regularly, thoroughly clean sinks and never leave food out in the open for extended periods.
  • Clean and sanitize kitchens and bathrooms regularly. Pick up crumbs and spills as soon as they happen and pay close attention to areas underneath and behind appliances.
  • Regularly clean up pet waste from around your property.
  • Install sodium vapor lighting in outdoor light fixtures to attract fewer insects.
  • Remove rotting fruits and vegetables from outdoor gardens.

Following these fly prevention tips can go a long way in the prevention of flies in your home or business.

No matter if you are simply trying to keep flies out of your home to protect the health of your family, or if you run a restaurant and want to protect your reputation, fly control is a must! For home and business fly control, Appleton WI pest management professionals at Wil-Kil are an excellent choice. We can help eliminate all kinds of flies and offer recommendations to remove the environments that allow flies to breed. Wil-Kil also offers services to get rid of bed bugs, termites, rodents and other insects from both homes and businesses.

For complete pest control in Madison WI and throughout our service area, contact Wil-Kil Pest Control today!


Common caterpillar vegetable pests

Identification of common caterpillar vegetable pests

There are several caterpillars of butterflies, moths, flies and other insects that feed on vegetable crops.

Caterpillars, larvae and maggots are all terms that refer to an insects life stage between an egg and a pupa.

Many of the caterpillars that cause severe damage to vegetable food crops grown by gardeners and farmers in the British Isles are also considered major pests in many other parts of the world.

Identification of both the adult insect and the caterpillar is the first step to preventing crop damage.

Caterpillars of the Large White Butterfly, Pieris brassicae

The highly conspicuous black, yellow and grey caterpillars of the Large White Butterfly,Peiris brassicae are more commonly known by vegetable growers as Cabbage White butterfly caterpillars.

They cause immense damage to vegetables in the Brassica family and in particular cabbages, broccoli and brussels sprouts.

Large numbers of caterpillars can strip a vegetable of leaves in a few days leaving just bare stalks.

Caterpillars of the Small White Butterfly, Pieris rapae

The caterpillars of the Small White Butterfly also feed on vegetables in the Brassica family.

Small White Butterflies are often mistaken for the larger more destructive Cabbage White Butterfly but they have smaller, green caterpillars that do not feed in clusters.

Single eggs are laid and the caterpillars feed on the underside of leaves and may penetrate the heart of the vegetable.

Caterpillars of the Cabbage Looper

The caterpillars of the Silver Y, Autographa gamma and the similar Ni moth, Trichoplusia ni, cause extensive damage to vegetable crops worldwide.

They are referred to as Cabbage Loopers because they feed on a wide range of plants including brassica vegetables and walk with an arched looping body.

In the British Isles the Ni moth is rare but the Silver Y is a common migrant that is thought to be now overwintering in the warmer south.

Caterpillars of the Cabbage Moth

The caterpillar of The Cabbage Moth, Mamestra brassicae, is a common pest of Brassica crops in the UK and worldwide.

Identification of the caterpillars is not always easy as they can be extremely variable in colour, ranging from shades of green to brown and even occasionally black.

The caterpillars feed at night and hide during the day either in the soil or heart of the vegetable.

The moths can have two or three generations between the spring and autumn.

Crucifer Caterpillars of the Garden Pebble

The caterpillars of the Garden Pebble moth, Evergestis forficalis, also known as Crucifer Caterpillars, are commonly found in allotments and vegetable gardens throughout much of the British Isles.

The caterpillars are double brooded and feed on a variety of cultivated brassica and other crops.

The caterpillars often feed low down in the crown of the vegetable causing severe damage and soiling leaves with piles of droppings.

Caterpillars of the Diamond-back Cabbage Moth

The caterpillars of the tiny Diamond-back moth, Plutella xylostella also known as the cabbage moth, are a pest of vegetables in the Brassica family in the British Isles and worldwide.

In the British Isles it is a common migrant and in parts of the warmer south is now thought to be over wintering.

Their tiny size can make finding the caterpillars difficult and small holes or fenestration of vegetable leaves is often the first sign of the cabbage moths presence.

Caterpillars of the Pea Moth

The caterpillars of the tiny Pea Moth, Cydia nigricana are a pest to vegetables in the Pea family in the British Isles , North America, Europe, Australia and parts of Asia.

The tiny maggot-like caterpillars of the Pea Moth feed on the forming peas inside the pods.

Those pods containing larvae can often be identified by the outside discolouration of the casing but the full scale of the damage to the pea crop may only be discovered upon harvest.

Caterpillars of the Spinach Leaf mining Fly

The caterpillars of the Spinach Leafmining Fly, Pegomya hyoscyami, are a major pest of Spinach in the British Isles.

The caterpillars, commonly referred to as maggots, are small enough to feed within the outer skins of the leaf.

Leaf damage caused by the feeding fly maggots can be identified by pale blotches through which the outline of the larvae can often be seen.

See also:  What Is The Difference Between a Millipede and Centipede, Terminix

Other caterpillars can be seen in the Butterfly caterpillar gallery and Moth caterpillar galleries

PLEASE NOTE — we have closed comments due to excess spam but are still identifying many caterpillar queries sent by email to Steve — [email protected] — see our page on help with caterpillar identification for more information.

Other sections in the Illustrated Guide to British Caterpillars





Survival strategies

Other facts

Hairy caterpillars

Our caterpillar and larvae galleries

Butterfly Caterpillars

Moth Caterpillars

Sawfly Larvae

Other Larvae

Copyright © 2010-2020 Wildlife Insight. All Rights Reserved. Images may not be used without the written permission of the photographer.

For image use enquiries please email [email protected] or click here to email Steve Ogden at Wildlife Insight.

Caterpillar identification

Please note whilst every effort is made to provide accurate identifications and information errors could occur.

Do let us know if you spot any on the site.


Mining Bees

Your home or business should be a haven — a place you can relax, find peace of mind, and be productive. While some pests present specific threats to your health, all have the potential to disturb you or your customers. Mining bees are one such nuisance. Although they don’t carry disease or pose an imminent threat to the structure of your home or business, they can annoy and make life unpleasant for you, your loved ones, your pets and customers.

To protect your NJ, PA, MD, or DE home or business from mining bees, you need to learn about the behavior of this pest, take steps for prevention, and find effective treatment options should an infestation occur.

What Are Mining Bees?

Mining bees, sometimes nicknamed “chimney bees” are commonly found up and down the east coast of the U.S. These small, summertime bees help pollinate flowers and are generally friendly and non-aggressive unless they feel threatened. However, they can—and do—bite as a means of self-defense. A sting from a mining bee can cause serious health complications to someone with a bee allergy.

Even if no one in your home or business is allergic to bees, mining bee control can help make you and others feel more comfortable. To get rid of mining bees, it’s best to reach out to a pest control professional like Viking Pest.

How Do I Identify Mining Bees?

Viking Pest’s certified entomologist, Craig, explains mining bees are black and yellow, with a short, stocky, furry body. Even though they are similar in appearance to honey bees, mining bees are smaller and form their nests beneath the soil. To establish a place to lay their eggs, female mining bees dig a tunnel through the soil. While burrowing, they build a turret that is shaped like a chimney using loose soil. Therefore, if you see bees emerging from the ground from pencil-sized tunnels, you may have a mining bee infestation.

Pest control experts at Viking Pest explain mining bees may also form their nests between foundation stones or between timber or logs in barns and cabins. To identify mining bees in these areas, you can check to see if they return to a large, central nest. If so, you have another kind of bee on your hands because female mining bees build their own small, tunnel-shaped nest and don’t combine with others in a hive.

How Do I Get Mining Bees?

If you have mining bees, they most likely came to your home or business because they were attracted to dry soil. Mining Bees prefer dry soil as wet soil can prevent them from nesting.

What Are the Effects of Mining Bees in and Around My Home or Business?

Mining bees are a nuisance pest. They often fly just above the ground, around the ankles and shins of you and your guests or customers. Even though they rarely sting, their presence can make potential clients jittery and inspire fear in those living in your home. Male mining bees can sometimes form large, imposing swarms that hover over the ground for days at a time, explain exterminators at Viking Pest.

How Do I Prevent Mining Bees?

The best way to prevent mining bees is to consult a pest control professional. Otherwise, you may risk doing unnecessary damage to your NJ, PA, MD, or DE lawn, garden or home. Because they nest underground instead of in a central hive, they can be hard to locate without damaging your landscaping or foundation. Pest control experts at Viking Pest are well trained at effectively controlling mining bees in NJ, PA, MD, and DE.

Protecting Your Home or Business from Mining Bees with Viking Pest Control

Viking Pest offers expert treatment designed to effectively and efficiently control and prevent mining bees from invading your home or business in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Delaware. Our use of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) techniques focuses on finding the core of the pest concern and controlling mining bees from the source. Through IPM, pest control materials are selected and applied in a manner that minimizes risks to human health, pets, and the environment. Call Viking today for your FREE and NO OBLIGATION estimate at 1-800-618-2847 or schedule online today!

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