Using Garlic as a Natural Pesticide

Using Garlic as a Natural Pesticide

Garlic makes an excellent economical, non-toxic pesticide for the garden . It has natural fungicidal and pesticidal properties that work effectively to control pests. For maximum efficacy in pest control, avoid using any chemical fertilizers. Fertilizers diminish the capacity of vital ingredients in garlic to fight pests. Aphids, ants, termites, white flies, beetles, borers, caterpillars, slugs, and army worms are some of the pests that can be suitably controlled using garlic.

TIP: Our expert gardening advisor, Susan Patterson adds, «Healthy soil will draw beneficial insects and work in combination with garlic to repel the bad insects. Keep your soil healthy by using plenty of organic matter, allowing adequate drainage and keeping the garden weed free.»

Garlic Spray

Obtain five medium-sized garlic bulbs. Extract the cloves and remove the outer skin. Use a garlic press to crush to very small bits. Alternatively, crush using a mortar and pestle. Mix with 1/2-liter of water. Allow the mixture to soak for at least six hours. Add in some dish washing soap. It is best to use a potash-based soap, as one that is too caustic will harm the plants. Use a fine cloth to strain the mixture. Place in a glass jar with a tight fitting lid. When ready to use, dilute the mixture in 4 liters of water. It is best to use it immediately after preparation. When stored for a long time, it loses its potency.

For easy application, place the desired amount in a spray bottle. Spray the plant parts once a week to give protection against insects. If rains are present, you need to spray twice a week. Of course, garlic has an extremely strong taste. Once sprayed, the taste will remain on the plant for about a month. It is a good idea not to spray too close to harvesting time, as it may interfere with food flavors.

Also, garlic is a broad-spectrum pesticide, so be careful to spray only the plant parts that are infested. This will help minimize destruction of beneficial insects.

Garlic Drench

You can effectively control nematodes using garlic tea as a soil drench. It will be absorbed by the plant roots and repel Japanese beetles, codling moths, carrot flies and root maggots. It also kills slugs and snails. It is very effective in keeping away deer and rabbits from flowers in the garden. Although effective, the drench is also likely to destroy beneficial, as well as harmful insects and soil bacteria.

Inter-Cropping With Garlic

This involves growing two or more crops simultaneously on the same site. The benefit of using garlic in mixed cropping is that it effectively repels harmful pests while retaining beneficial ones. If you grow tomatoes, plant some garlic to prevent red spider mites from attacking your crop. Plant garlic around your apple or peach trees to repel fruit borers. Plant garlic if you have cabbages to reduce infestations by the diamond back moth. If planted near roses, it repels aphids which frequently attack the plant.

Garlic does not seem to have a beneficial effect when planted with legumes, peas, and potatoes. Avoid planting next to these crops.

TIP: Susan recommends, «Plant garlic in the fall for best results.»

All-natural is always the best option, especially when it comes to fruit and vegetable gardens. This guide for using garlic as a pesticide will help you do just that!

10 ways to avoid carrot root fly

Stop carrot root flies from spoiling your harvest with these 10 tips.

Home-grown carrots can’t be beaten for flavour.

Pulled fresh from the soil, they fill the air with scent and provide that satisfying ‘crunch’ so often lacking in supermarket crops. Carrots are also rich in nutrients, containing high levels of vitamin A, beta-carotene and antioxidants.

Unfortunately, the rich scent of carrots attracts the attention of a pest called carrot root fly. Female flies lay their eggs at soil level near the shoulder of the carrot, and the larvae then eat into the roots. Early sowings are most vulnerable to attack, so delaying sowing of maincrop varieties until later in June will help protect them from root fly.

For an early crop, you’ll need to take other measures to prevent carrots being filled with holes and maggots. Discover how to grow carrots in our carrots grow guide.

Follow our guide to deterring carrot root fly, below.

The rich scent of carrots attracts the attention of a pest called carrot root fly.

Choose resistant varieties

Choose varieties that have been bred for their resistance to carrot root fly, such as ‘Flyaway’, ‘Ibiza’, ‘Maestro’, ‘Parano’, ‘Resistafly’ and ‘Sytan’.

Avoid thinning out

Sow seed thinly to avoid having to thin out congested seedlings later on, because this releases a smell which attracts the pest.

Cover with fleece

Cover vegetable beds with fleece, secured at the edges, after sowing carrots to prevent low-flying female flies reaching your crop.

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Make fly barriers

Grow carrots in narrow beds surrounded with 60cm-high barriers of polythene, or fine-meshed netting – this is another good way to stop the female flies finding your crop.

Grow with alliums

Grow carrots alongside strong-smelling companion plants such as alliums, including chives and garlic.

Mix with other crops

Sow carrots among your vegetable crops rather than in large areas together, which makes it easier for pests to locate them.

Sow later

Sow carrots late in the season – sowings made from June onwards usually avoid the first generation of pests, although further generations of flies can attack from July to September.

Rotate your crops

Follow good crop rotation, growing carrots on a different site each year to avoid overwintering pupae in the soil hatching in the middle of your carrot crop.

Avoid parsnips and celery

Avoid growing related plants like parsnips and celery near carrots, as they also attract the pest.

Use controls

Use a biological control, such as carrot fly nematodes, or a sticky trap.

Caring for your carrots

Carrots don’t require a great deal of care. Try to keep the soil around them weed free, although once the carrots start to grow strongly their foliage will shade out most weeds. Water sparingly.

How To Fight Carrot Root Flies

by Matt Gibson

The carrot root fly is the main pest that attacks carrots—and one that gardeners need to be ready to go to battle with when harvesting carrots and other members of the umbelliferae (or apiaceae) family, which includes carrots as well as celery, dill, fennel, parsley, parsnip, and celeriac.

The eight-mm-long flies lay eggs in the soil near your carrot patch. Shortly afterward, tiny white maggots hatch and burrow into the plants’ root systems, eating as they go. First the leaves of the plant begin to turn red, then they wilt. The carrots themselves are still edible, but you will have to be okay with a bit of sharing with the larvae, as they will have no doubt already tunneled deep into the carrot and eaten their fair share.

Fortunately for gardeners with a fondness for carrots, the carrot root flies are not indestructible, and there are many preventive measures you can take to avoid having to share with or eat after the disgusting cream-colored maggot larvae you would otherwise have to endure. Mmmm, nope. No one, I mean absolutely no one, wants to eat after maggots—so read on, and read closely, so you will be prepared to keep carrot root flies away from your harvest and out of your garden.

Companion Planting: Pair With Alliums

Every species of plant has preferences when it comes to their neighbors. Some plants compete with one another over resources and are detrimental to the health of their neighbors, and some plants fit together perfectly and are beneficial when planted next to each other. Strong-scented alliums, such as garlic and chives, are perfect companion plants to carrots, and alliums will help drive away carrot flies as well as other garden pests.

Spread Carrot Crops in Several Locations

Many gardeners have found spreading their carrot plots out around the garden helps assure that at least some of the patches will go unharmed. Instead of growing one big carrot patch and bunching all of your carrot crop together in the same place, try placing a few carrot plots here and a few there throughout your garden beds. Carrots take longer than most vegetables to go bad, so having some extra laying around isn’t a catastrophe, and wasting food should be a nonissue.

Rotate Your Crops

Try not to plant the same crops in the same areas of your garden beds each planting season. After the larvae of the carrot root fly gets its fill, it winters in the soil surrounding the plants. If you plant your carrots in the same place you did last season, the flies will wake up, find familiar surroundings, and lay their eggs right in the middle of your carrots again. Rotating your crops each growing season is a simple fix to avoid this problem, and it’s also good for your fertile gardening soil to have more variety in plant needs from season to season.

Avoid Other Umbelliferae Family Crops

Parsnips, celery, and other members of the umbelliferae family also attract carrot root flies, so don’t plant these vegetables near your carrots, or you are asking for double trouble from carrot root flies. Be sure to do your research on companion plants well before planting and blueprint your garden bed layouts ahead of time to avoid bad combos that attract pests or grow competitively, draining each other’s resources.

Use Row Covers on Garden Beds

If possible, cover your vegetable beds with a fine mesh to keep flying insects from being able to lay eggs in the soil surrounding your veggies. Fleece is also a good cover for vegetable beds. Lay the fleece out gently over the top of your vegetable beds, and secure it firmly around the edges to keep out flies and other pests. While this method is not always feasible, most gardens can be covered with relative ease at low cost, and this preventive method can save you tons of work and stress in the long run, as well as a little bit less money spent on buying produce each year.

Nematodes: Beneficial Gardening Insects

Use some organic pest control weapons (such as sticky traps) or biological controls (such as treatments with carrot fly nematodes) to defend against carrot root flies. These nematode treatments are simple to apply and can ward off carrot root flies and many other pests with only one application per growing season. Simply mix the nematodes with water, and water the plants with the mixture during your normal watering time. The nematodes will disperse into the soil and go to war immediately with any threats to your veggies living there, killing every pest in sight and protecting your plants. SuperNemos is a well known and widely used brand of nematodes with good customer reviews.

Get a Late Start: Delay Planting Dates

Carrots grown later in the season, starting around June or later in the year, usually miss the first round of pests. Don’t just plant your carrots late and assume they will be fine, though—this early-bird strategy just allows them a good head start. You should still use other preventive methods to keep carrot root flies at bay, as a second cycle of eggs will hatch between July and September.

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Above all, if you end up having to share your carrots with carrot root flies, don’t just give up and assume that the pests are destined to win. It’s all about timing and persistence. You can win the war, even if you lose a battle or two. Other than pest control, carrots do not require a great deal of care. Just keep the area where you grow your carrots free of weeds, watch out for overwatering, and you’ll be stockpiling perfect stores of these tasty root veggies in no time.

Pest of root vegetables carota fly, come combatterlo

I parassiti infliggono danni considerevoli sulla resa dei giardinieri.

E molte persone hanno una domanda se la carota vola «Come combatterlo?»

Per affrontarli, è necessario conoscere le loro caratteristiche.

Ad esempio, le carote spesso danneggiano una mosca di carota.

Questo parassita è abbastanza pericoloso, quindi gli abitanti del villaggio dovrebbero essere attenti ai loro raccolti. E così rispondiamo alla stessa domanda: «Come gestire la mosca delle carote in giardino?».

Aspetto di un insetto

La mosca di carota è un insetto di colore nero, trovato ovunque nella parte europea della Russia. La lunghezza del suo corpo è 4,5-5 mm.

Le ali della mosca sono trasparenti e la testa e le gambe sono dipinte di giallo. Anni dell’insetto, a seconda della regione, inizia nella seconda decade di maggio. Di norma, il punto di partenza è l’inizio della fioritura di cenere di montagna e meli.

Le larve della mosca sono lunghe 6-7 mm. Il loro corpo è dipinto in un colore giallo chiaro, è allungato, con una estremità leggermente smussata.

Successivamente vedrai una foto di mosche di carota:

Ciclo di vita

L’insetto iberna nel terreno, sotto forma di pupa. Se le radici rimangono nel campo, le larve conservate in esse possono anche svernare con successo.

Quando viene raggiunta la temperatura dell’aria + 15-17 ° С inizia il volo delle mosche.A questo parassita piace un’ombra, si presenta in luoghi umidi e ombrosi, vicino all’acqua e alle recinzioni fatte di arbusti vivi. La mosca causa meno danni nell’area aperta.

Insetti defunti deporre le uova a maggio: dal 15 ° giorno fino alla fine del mese. Se la primavera è fredda, la muratura può verificarsi all’inizio di giugno, quando un paio di foglie appaiono nella carota. Le femmine depongono le uova nel terreno, che è vicino alle piante.

Gli insetti individuali vivono circa 12 giorni. Il periodo della loro estate e la deposizione delle uova è di 1-1,5 mesi.

Appaiono le larve il 4 ° 17 ° giorno dopo che le uova furono deposte. Dipende dalla temperatura Si nutrono di succhi vegetali per circa 3 settimane, dopo di che gattonano nel terreno, dove iniziano a cucire.

Colpiti, gli insetti strisciano verso la superficie. Di questi si forma una seconda generazione di parassiti da giardino. I loro anni iniziano a metà luglio e terminano a metà agosto.

Le femmine depongono le uova in colture a crescita fitta. In autunno, alcune larve riescono a pupattare, e altre con il raccolto cadono nelle cripte, dove continuano a danneggiarlo mangiando il succo delle verdure.

Cosa mangia la peste?

Le larve che si sviluppano dalle uova, scavare immediatamente nelle piante delicate. Più spesso si precipitano dentro punte delle loro radici. Essi scavano a loro si muove, l’acquisizione di una brutta ombra di ruggine. Le colture di radici sembrano non rappresentabili, diventare insipido.

Quali piante sono soggette a danni?
Questo insetto colpisce non solo le carote. Da lui sono in grado di soffrire pastinaca e sedano, così come prezzemolo.

Soprattutto la mosca ama le aree bagnate e ombreggiate. È in posti come lei causa il peggior danno al raccolto.

Segni di infezione

Per determinare che le radici stupito che al volo, è possibile per i seguenti motivi:

  • piante foglie diventano viola e poi giallo e appassiscono;
  • visibili sulle radici passaggi tortuosi crepe trasversali;
  • carota diventa brutta, ha espresso la sua vita.

Se la pianta viene danneggiata gravemente, potrebbe morire. In genere, il danno alle verdure di radice si trova vicino al punto di crescita della radice. In depositi larve strisciare da una carota, dall’altro, penetrando nel nucleo.Esternamente, le lesioni sembrano quelle applicate da Wireworms.

Metodi di lotta e prevenzione

Come proteggere le carote dalla mosca delle carote? Per evitare di danneggiare le carote e altre colture ombrellarie con questa mosca, è necessario adottare le seguenti misure:

  • scegli le varietà resistenti al tappeto: questa è Vitamin 5, Calgery F1, Perfection;
  • quando si piantano carote, evitare le aree ombreggiate e le zone umide;
  • seminare la cultura non è molto denso: questo vale per aneto, sedano, prezzemolo;
  • per processare semi con biopreparati: trichodermina, così come azotofita, phytocide-p;
  • In autunno, scavare in profondità nei letti, capovolgere gli strati, in modo che gli insetti in primavera non possano arrivare in superficie;
  • colture moderatamente seminate;
  • carote piantate sui letti, che erano usati per far crescere pomodori, aglio o cipolle.

Per combattere la mosca della carota con mezzi naturali, si può attribuire quanto segue:

  1. Polverizzazione delle colture con polvere di tabacco, pepe macinato nero o rosso, senape secca.
  2. Infusione di assenzio: per la sua preparazione riempire con un assenzio fresco un secchio da 10 litri e riempire l’erba con acqua bollente. Dopo il raffreddamento, l’infusione viene divisa in 3 parti e diluita con 8 litri di acqua. I mezzi risultanti hanno innaffiato i letti, e l’assenzio rimasto, dopo la percolazione, è disposto tra di loro.
  3. Infusione di foglie di pomodoro: 4 kg di foglie vengono versati in 10 litri di acqua e fatti bollire per circa 5 ore: il brodo viene filtrato, 50 ml di sapone vengono aggiunti in forma liquida, diluiti con 3 parti di acqua e cosparsi di letti.

Per ottenere risultati eccellenti, le colture dovrebbero essere trattate mensilmente. L’osservanza di tutte le regole vi dirà come sbarazzarsi della mosca di carota nel giardino. I modi semplici e assolutamente sicuri per combattere la mosca ti permetteranno di ottenere un raccolto eccellente e di mantenerlo per un lungo inverno.

In conclusione, ti offriamo un video sulla selezione delle varietà di carote resistenti alla mosca di carota:

7 Natural Flu Remedies That Actually Work

Whatever your symptoms — fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache, muscle aches, or fatigue — if the flu strikes, these doctor-approved natural flu remedies can help you get well faster.

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Try as you may to stay healthy during cold and flu season, it can be difficult to avoid getting sick. After all, the influenza virus doesn’t discriminate between healthy and unhealthy people, or old and young folks. Plus, the virus is easily spread through droplets in the air when someone who is already infected coughs, sneezes, and even talks, so we’re all potential targets. And flu season is longer than you might think — it runs through fall and winter and even into spring, peaking sometime between December and February.

In fact, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the flu causes more than 20 million illnesses annually in the United States alone. Flu symptoms, such as fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, and body aches, can be mild or severe.

Prevention is key. Getting an annual flu shot in October, before flu season is in full swing, can go a long way toward protecting yourself and your family from getting sick. You can still get the flu, but if you had the vaccine it will be less severe.

Although you’ll need a prescription from a doctor, taking an antiviral drug, such as Tamiflu (oseltamivir phosphate) and Relenza (zanamivir), can also help prevent the flu if you know there’s an outbreak in your area, according to the National Institute on Aging. You can also get some protection by gargling with green tea, according to a study published in July 2018 in the journal Molecules, which found regularly gargling with green tea lowers your flu risk. Green tea has catechins, a type of antioxidant which may help prevent the ­infection.

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And if you do get the flu, taking an antiviral or the newer anti-flu medication Xofluza (baloxavir marboxil) within 24 hours of when your symptoms first appear can shorten the length of your illness. Trying one or more of these natural remedies at home can also help.

1. Sleep Away Your Flu Symptoms

“Getting sleep and taking time to recuperate is the best thing you can do for yourself, your coworkers, and your family,” says Len Horovitz, MD, a pulmonary specialist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. And the truth is, when you’re feeling sick, you won’t feel like doing much else. Sleep as much as you can and avoid contact with others until you have been fever-free — without taking any fever-reducing medication — for 24 to 48 hours. While resting, place an extra pillow under your head to help drain your nasal passages and make sleeping more comfortable.

2. Gargle Often to Soothe a Sore Throat

“If you have a sore throat, gargle with water or salt water,” Dr. Horovitz recommends. Gargling often may help reduce swelling in the throat and loosen mucus, which can remove irritants, such as bacteria and allergens, from the throat.

3. Get Better Faster With Zinc

Zinc lozenges can help you feel better faster if you start taking them as soon as you feel fluish, says Neil Schachter, MD, medical director of the Mount Sinai–National Jewish Health Respiratory Institute in New York City and the author of The Good Doctor’s Guide to Colds & Flu. “I recommend using one or two lozenges per day,» he says. Zinc may help boost immunity, which can shorten the duration or severity of the flu, he explains. However, the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health advises checking with your doctor or pharmacist first as zinc may interact with antibiotics and penicillamine, a drug used to treat rheumatoid arthritis.

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4. Drink Enough to Dodge Dehydration

“If you have a fever, you’re at risk for dehydration, so it’s important to make sure you’re drinking enough fluids,” says Dana Simpler, MD, a primary care doctor at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore. One way dehydration delays your recovery is by making it harder for the immune system soldiers that squelch invading viruses to travel through your body.

5. Chase Trouble Away With Chicken Soup

Chicken soup isn’t just warm and comforting. A study published in the American Journal of Therapeutics found that a compound in chicken soup called carnosine can help the body’s immune system fight off the flu in its early days. A previous study published in the journal Chest, suggested that chicken soup has an anti-inflammatory effect that may ease symptoms and shorten upper respiratory tract infections. Dr. Schachter notes that soup and other hot liquids, such as tea, have other benefits: They relieve nasal congestion, help you stay hydrated, and soothe inflamed membranes in your nose and throat.

6. Clear Congestion Quickly With a Neti Pot

If you’re stuffed up and feeling miserable, using a neti pot — a small teapot-like vessel with a long spout — to flush mucus from your nasal passages twice a day can help, Horovitz says. This is done by placing a saline solution made with distilled, sterilized, or previously boiled water in the neti pot and following the instructions that came with neti pot.

7. Keep Nasal Passageways Moist With Steamy Showers

Taking a long steamy shower can help moisturize your throat and nasal passages, while also helping to clear them of mucus, Schachter says. If the flu is making you feel light-headed or weak, simply turn on the hot water, sit in the bathroom and inhale the steam for up to 10 minutes.

Still not feeling better? It may be time to move beyond natural flu remedies and seek medical help. It’s important to contact your healthcare provider, as the flu can have serious consequences, ranging from ear infections to pneumonia to worsening of chronic conditions, such as congestive heart failure, asthma, and diabetes, according to the CDC. “You should be feeling better within five to seven days, but if you are not and still have a fever or have started to feel badly again, be sure to call your doctor,” Schachter says.

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