The Seven Basics About Termites

The Seven Basics About Termites

The House Detective: by Barry Stone, Certified Home Inspector

Dear Barry: : We have lived in our home for 27 years, and for much of that time have found termite frass on various windowsills and at some of the doors. My husband thinks that fumigation is a waste of money. He says termites can return as soon as the tent is removed from the house. He prefers to use insect spray whenever he sees the frass. I’m concerned that we might be neglecting a serious problem. Could you please explain how termites can affect the condition of a home and the best way to get rid of them? Nina

Dear Nina: Here are the seven basics about termites:

1) Termites continually reproduce. This means that old colonies have larger populations — with more mouths to feed — than young colonies. A colony that is 5 years old may contain several thousand termites. A colony that is 27 years old could number in the millions. Consider how much wood that many termites could eat in a day.

2) Termites live within the recesses of the wood members that they consume. The damage that they do is not visible on the surface. They eat tunnels in the wood members that they inhabit until the outer veneer of the stud, joist, or rafter is all that is left.

3) When termite tunnels become cluttered with frass (droppings), termites make small holes in the surface of the wood so that the frass particles can drop out. The frass that you see on your windowsills is a small sample, compared with the piles that might be found in the attic or behind the drywall.

4) Insect sprays cannot penetrate into the wall cavities, framing members, or the attic spaces where termites live, eat, and multiply. The best way to eliminate termites is to have your home thoroughly fumigated. Postponing this process ensures continued consumption of the wood members of your home.

5) A new crop of termites can invade your home soon after the fumigation is completed. But for several years, fledgling colonies remain small, and the amount of wood those termites can eat on a daily basis is trivial.

6) Small, start-up colonies can be managed by having termite inspections every few years. If new colonies are discovered, localized treatment by a professional termite company may be an effective approach.

7) Most homes are sold every 5-10 years. Upon sale, a termite inspection is usually a standard part of the transaction. Therefore, most termite colonies have little chance to become highly populated. Significant termite damage usually occurs in homes that remain under the same ownership for decades because most homeowners seldom give termites a thought until they sell the property. Meanwhile, the termite colonies in these homes silently reproduce.

Your husband needs to rethink his approach to the termites in your home. What matters now is to eliminate the large, old colonies that are eating the structure of your home today and each day that you postpone treatment. The longer you wait, the more damage will be done by those hungry tunnel makers.

Can Termites Return After Treatment? Honolulu’s Pest Control Experts Explain March 3, 2017

Termites are one of the most common pests to plague homeowners; they’re also among the most difficult to control. Sometimes even if you’ve had termite treatment, you may be surprised to find the bugs have returned. Akamai Pest Solutions in Honolulu, HI, explains why termites may return after a treatment and what you should do about it.

Why Termites Can Return After Treatment

Most pest control specialists fumigate the home or make a chemical barrier in the soil around the house. The chemical barrier is intended to block termites trying to travel back and forth from the soil to the wood in your home. Termites carry moist soil into the wood to keep the moisture-sensitive worker termites healthy.

Once the treatment is rendered, the termites can no longer humidify their nests and begin to die. The destructive worker termites die quickly in comparison to the nondestructive swarmers, which can withstand much drier environments. The swarmers’ bodies have adapted to dry atmospheres because they must leave their moist environment to reproduce. The workers never leave their gallery because the humidity outside is too low for them to survive. A post-treatment swarm may result because it can take several weeks for the swarmer termites to die.

How to Prevent Termites From Returning

Instead of the chemical barrier or fumigation, Akamai Pest Solutions specializes in the use of XT-2000 Orange Oil Plus®, which is a highly effective, eco-friendly alternative. After a thorough inspection, a certified technician injects this non-toxic, natural termite treatment into the infested wood. The orange oil wicks through the wood, traveling through the porous cells in every direction. The treatment kills the termites and eggs while soaking the areas surrounding the colonies to provide a barrier and prevent further infestation.

To learn more about orange oil termite treatment and how you can prevent these pests from coming back, call Akamai Pest Solutions today at (808) 754-3393. To learn more about their products and services, visit their website.


What are the most common signs of termites?

Because so much of the damage caused by termites is within the inner walls of a structure, it can be difficult to know if you have a termite problem. However, there are three warning signs to help you determine if you have a termite problem.


Winged termites are often the first sign of a subterranean termite infestation. Swarming termites are attracted to light and are often found near windows, doors, vents and light fixtures. Experiencing a termite swarm is the #1 sign that your property has a termite problem. Worker termites are small, light-colored insects that move quickly when exposed to light. They are also the family members that cause the most damage to a structure. Even if you haven’t seen signs of termites, check windows, heating vents, doors, sinks and bathtubs for dead termites or termite wings.

Mud tubes provide shelter for termites and have a muddy, flattened appearance approximately the width of a drinking straw. Look for mud tubes along cracks, beneath flooring, around baseboards, on pipes, piers, chimneys, behind siding, plumbing and other fixtures. Mud tubes may also extend over concrete foundations and other exposed surfaces.

Another way to check for termites is to tap wood along the walls, baseboards and windowsills every few inches with a screwdriver handle. Damaged wood will sound hollow and, if the area is extremely damaged, the handle may break the wood’s surface. If the area is active, you may see worker termites inside. Dark areas or blisters in wood flooring are an indicator of a subterranean termite infestation. Because subterranean termites are preventable, it is a good idea to have your property regularly inspected by a trained specialist.

How much damage can termites really do?

Termites cause an estimated $5 billion in property damages and repair costs annually. In fact, termites damage more homes than fires, floods and tornadoes. More than 4 million homes in the United States are at risk of infestation this year.

How do I know if I have winged ants or swarming termites?

Winged termites have pigmented bodies with broad waists and two pair of wings that are equal in size and shape. Subterranean termite swarmers have bodies about one-quarter of an inch in length. The swarmers quickly shed their wings after a brief flight. Winged ants have pinched waists and two pair of wings that differ in size and shape (front pair is much larger). Flying ants shed their wings like termites. Termite wings are all the same size. Collect a few and call Terminix to have them identified if you want to be sure.

Termite workers are pale, soft-bodied insects about one-quarter of an inch or less in length. They appear to have a head and body because their thorax is broadly joined to their abdomen. Their antennae are straight.

Termites are mistakenly called white ants, but are not ant-like in appearance. Ants are usually heavily pigmented and have three distinct body regions: head, thorax and abdomen. Ants also have a very narrow or pinched “waist,” and their antennae are “elbowed.”

Winged termites, also known as swarmers, have pigmented bodies with broad waists and two pair of wings that are equal in size and shape. Subterranean termite swarmers have bodies about one-quarter of an inch in length. The swarmers quickly shed their wings after a brief flight. Winged ants, on the other hand, have pinched waists and two pair of wings that differ in size and shape (front are much larger).

How can I tell if pest excrement is from termites or other insects?

Drywood termites produce small bun-shaped excrement. This often accumulates on surfaces directly below infested areas. Evidence of activity can include small “pin holes” in the surface of the infested area and the droppings accumulating below. Swarmers might also be observed. The adult reproductives swarm to start new infestations in other areas of the structure. This usually occurs between early summer and late fall depending on where you live.

There is mud tunnel on the drywall of my exterior wall. Should I be worried about termites?

Mud tunnels are one of the top indicators of subterranean termite activity. Contact your local Terminix branch as soon as possible.

Do termites really eat wood?

Yes, termites really eat wood. In nature, termites play a useful role helping wood be recycled to the soil as humus, an organic material that provides nutrients for plants and increases the ability of soil to retain water.

Using bacteria, protozoa and microbes that live inside their stomachs, termites are able to digest cellulose, the main constituent of wood. They are extremely well organized and persistent in their search for new food sources. Contrary to what one might think, they will eat anything containing cellulose – wallpaper, books, boxes, carpet backing, drywall and even furniture.

Can termites make their way through concrete?

Termites cannot go through solid concrete, but they can get through a crack only 1/32 nd of an inch wide. Openings this size or bigger often occur where two pieces of concrete abut – like when poured separately – and around plumbing penetrations through the concrete or where the concrete has cracked.

How long do termites live?

A worker termite may live from one to two years. A queen termite may live for decades.

Why do winged termites lose their wings?

Swarmers use their wings to fly a short distance from their nest. They then break off their wings and never fly again, burrowing themselves in the soil to spend the remainder of their lives building a new colony.

What will termites do after they swarm?

Subterranean termite swarmers attempt to pair with a swarmer of the opposite sex within their colony. They must locate a suitable habitat to establish a new colony of their own. They need moist soil, preferably in direct contact with wood, in order to survive. The termites that swarm inside a structure and cannot get out will quickly die from lack of available moisture. The termite colony that produced the swarmers will continue to be active after the swarm has taken place.

How do termites get ins >

Termites don’t need much room to squeeze inside your home or business. In fact, they can enter a structure through a space as small as 1/32 nd of an inch.

Subterranean termites usually enter a building from the soil along its foundation or through cracks in the slab, expansion joints, weep holes, voids in brick or block and around plumbing. Decks, porches and other wood structures in direct contact with the ground are also easy access ramps for termites.

While most subterranean termite infestations can be traced to a colony living in soil outside the structure, some infestations begin above the ground. This occurs when a termite king and queen begin a new nest within a structure or when foraging termite workers become isolated and cannot return to the parent colony. Such conditions are most common in high-moisture areas. Structures with flat roofs or chronic leaks can also be at risk because the structure can retain enough moisture for a termite colony to establish itself. Constant moisture allows a termite colony to survive even without a connection to the soil. In such cases, the structural moisture problems may be as damaging to the home as the termite activity.

Common construction practices can also contribute to termite problems by providing termites admittance into a structure or creating ideal damp conditions for colonization. Some examples of these practices include wood-to-soil contact, form boards not being removed after construction is completed, wood refuse buried under the slab, improper drainage and stucco below grade.

Spreading mulch over the soil adjacent to a structure’s foundation can also provide an inroad for termites to creep into a building.

Does the builder of a new home usually protect it against termites?

There are only a few states that require soil pretreatment for control of subterranean termites during construction. It is usually the mortgage lender that requires this, especially in termite-prone areas.

I have an old tree stump infested with termites. Should I have it treated?

You don’t need to treat the stump, but you may want to give your home termite protection. In areas of the country where termites are common, it is not unusual to find them in the ground, in tree stumps or in debris near a structure. If your home has not been treated to control or prevent termite entry, you should maintain a close watch for termites and have a Terminix specialist inspect and implement a termite control program.

Subterranean termites nest in the ground and forage for food (cellulose or wood) over areas up to one-half of an acre or more in size. There is a high probability that if they are detected close to your home, they will eventually infest it – if they have not done so already. Treating the stump will not have any great impact on the colony or its continued search for new food sources. Contact your local Terminix branch for an inspection and to find out your control options.

Preventative action makes good sense in any termite-prone area, and you should also consider having Terminix implement a termite control program before you notice an infestation.

Remove all wood debris from around your home, especially after new construction and remodeling. This includes wood form boards along foundations, tree stumps and roots, as well as firewood stacked near the house.

Since termites need moisture to survive, grade the soil around your foundation so it carries water away from the house. Keep gutters and downspouts in good repair.

Will subterranean termite swarmers infest my house, furniture, closets, etc.?

Subterranean termite swarmers are looking for moist soil in close proximity to wood in order to start a new colony. The likelihood of these conditions existing inside your home is very low, so unless the swarmers get outdoors, they will not survive.

There are homes with termites in my neighborhood. How can I protect my house?

Termites forage year-round and they spread most commonly underground. If your home is currently termite-free, it could become infested by termites that are active nearby. A preventative termite control program will help avoid termite infestation. Contact your local Terminix branch for additional information about termite biology, habits and treatment options.

I live in a stucco home. Should I be concerned with termites?

Termite problems are common in stucco homes. Usually this is because the stucco exterior finish extends beneath the soil level around the outside of the structure. This creates a small space between the foundation and the stucco finish, permitting termite entry that is completely hidden from view.

Another situation involves the “synthetic” stucco finishes that have a base layer of rigid foam board. This type also often extends beneath the soil level, and once the termites access the foam, they can move anywhere around the structure. This type of exterior finish is also prone to moisture intrusion, which will help support the termites once they get in.

How do I get r >

More than likely, a home infested with drywood termites will require tent fumigation. Tent fumigation involves covering your home with tarps and introducing a fumigant gas to penetrate all infested wood. It is the most effective method of controlling drywood termite infestations.

How can I prevent a termite infestation?

Terminix will get to subterranean termites before they get to you. The Bait Barrier Plan establishes an advanced treatment perimeter around your home and provides annual monitoring to check for termite activity. A second option, the Subterranean Termite Coverage Plan, offers an annual professional Termite Inspection and free treatments if termites are discovered. Both plans are backed by an ongoing guarantee protecting against any costs from future treatments or damage repairs.

My house does not have termites – should I still get a termite treatment?

Yes. Without an effective prevention program, like our Bait Barrier Plan, your home is open to termite damage, which could remain unnoticed until it becomes a serious problem.

The Terminix Bait Barrier Plan is designed to eliminate termites and their colonies.

Keep in mind that just because you don’t see termites does not mean your property is safe from infestation. Subterranean termites live in colonies that can house hundreds of thousands of termites. They work 24 hours a day and are often difficult to detect since 80 percent of the wood they eat is hidden within the structure.

How long does it take to eliminate or control a termite colony with bait?

Individual termites can be affected within a few days after consuming the bait, but it may take several months before an entire colony is controlled or eliminated. This varies depending on the time of year, geography, the number of termites in the colony, the number of colonies infesting the structure and the species of termite.

How do I control termites and avo >

There are many effective options based on the type of termites found at your home. Terminix recommends a Termite Inspection in order to determine the best method and treatment plan. Liquid treatments use applications to the soil at potential entry points into the structure. As the termites forage for food sources, they come into contact with the treatment area if they try to enter the structure.

Soil treatments are intended to control termites for extended periods of time, although they may be breached because of physical disturbance of the treatment zone (landscaping activities, construction, erosion), tree roots growing through the treatment zone and natural degradation of the termiticide, among others. For these reasons, most termite control treatments are available with renewable guarantees.

Can Termites Return After Termite Treatment?

Are the termites really gone? This is a question most homeowners that have suffered from termite damage ask themselves. After all, termites are tiny and they do their destructive work in the dark, inaccessible areas of your home. You already experienced their destructive powers; how can you have full confidence that they are gone from the home you love for good?

Unfortunately, termites are one of those pests that we’ll continue to have to share the world with. But, there are actions you can take to make the odds of termites returning to your home near impossible.

Hire a Trusted and Experienced Termite Control Company

As consumers, you know that quality and product pride vary greatly from brand to brand. Your home is not only your most valuable asset, but the heart of your family life. Do not take the hiring of experts to control pest termite lightly. A quality company, such as Ecola, will send an experienced pest control expert to provide you with a free termite inspection.

This is your opportunity to learn about the methods they will use to rid your home of termites and how they will minimize the chances of their return. Ecola offers both traditional and natural termite control. They will not only rid the inside of your home from termites, but create a barrier in the soil all around the outside of your home to keep them out. The best way to ensure termites are kept away from your home is to take a preventive approach once your termite treatment is complete by maintaining a service agreement with your termite control company.

Take Preventive Measures Against the Return of Termites

As a homeowner, vigilance is what is needed to keep your home free of pests. Here are some things you can do to maximize the efficacy of your termite treatment:

  • Maintain a service agreement with your termite control company. It’s your best defense to have your trusted pest experts return once a year to safeguard your home.
  • Keep your yard free from conditions attractive to termites. Remove dead trees and branches. Don’t keep firewood close to your home. Try to maintain a barrier between the wood of your home and soil or mulch.

The Benefits of a Relationship with a Pest Control Company

Pests are all around us, so it’s just as valuable to have a trusted pest control company as it is to know a good electrician or plumber. You never know when you’ll need the expertise of a technician who knows how to kill ants, how to kill roaches, or how to kill bed bugs. Ecola has the expertise you need for termite control, rodent control, and bed bug removal.

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