Super crossword clue

Super crossword clue

Let me guess, you have been playing LA Times crossword and got stuck on the clue Super. Well, you have come to the right place to find the answer to this clue.

While some crosswords are much simpler than others, most require that players have a vast knowledge of the language and possibly even various topics. So while crossword puzzles are seen as a more intelligent game, they can be very frustrating for players to complete and even experienced crossword players need some help occasionally.

When finding the answers to the clues becomes too difficult, there’s no shame in looking for them online.

Super crossword clue

Now you have the answer to your clue. Its time to move on to the next clue. You can browse through the list with all the answers to the LA Times crossword of January 13th, 2019. Or you can use the search form below to find the answer (no matter if its LA Times Crossword or any other crossword).

LA Times crossword of January 13th, 2019 other clues
It’s usually spotted in a game
Prolong painfully
Pablo’s putting-off word
Heat-sensitive patch
1982 Toto hit
Twist counterclockwise, as a nut
Defeat decisively in an annual Nathan’s contest?
Hardly modest
Hardly quick
Steamed dumplings, e.g.
Oft-mispunctuated word
Plane angle symbol
Alley Oop’s love
Diplomacy
Tribute with bent elbows
Best-liked, in texts
Flabbergast
One in line for what’s left
For instance
Whale-tale captain
Cutlery causing boo-boos?
Cell dead spot indicator
European capital
Many misses
Ripped
__ fu
Amer. fliers
Ripped off
Handle change
Actress Peeples
Bird on LSU’s seal
Is for all
Apply, as butter
41-Across, often
Explore à la an aging Captain Kirk?
Director Lee
“Enough already!”
Vague opening?
98, but not 98.6
Bird hunted to extinction by the Maori
Easygoing sort
The boy well-known in meteorology?
California roll ingredient
Bat head?
Cardiff’s country
Galileo’s birthplace
Give __
Last-__: desperate
Greening up
Roleo official?
Actress Sommer
Revival prefix
Some reddish deer
Place to stay when you’re out, ironically
Many retirees: Abbr.
Against a thing, at law
Utah national park
Bury
Eager kids’ plea
Heady quaff
War zone excavation
GI no-show
Achieve success
Farm workers’ coffee setup near a fence post?
“We can’t hear you!”
Consequence of only getting close?
“Enough already!”
“The Communist Manifesto” co-author
Sign off on
Govt. securities
Conks out
Verbal
Con __: musical tempo
Halved
Japanese 7-Down
Dies in this puzzle?
See 5-Down
Pitchers Darling and Guidry
Quick-witted
Pilot feeder
Palindromic celeb
Not suitable
First presidential swinger, golf-wise
Org. with minors
Critical ticker valve
Where even termites were welcome, presumably
One who sniffs out good investments?
Tree house
“Dragonwyck” novelist Seton
Criticize to death
Astronomer’s aid
Kentucky __, event before the Derby
Trim, as a pic
Painfully off-pitch Jewish diva?
Get all misty
“__ woman wishes to be no one’s enemy (and) . refuses to be anyone’s victim”: Angelou
Like some memes
Kind of tea
“Because I __!”
OB/GYN test
Set off
Into shenanigans
“The Gift of the Magi” gift
Support wear
Comic-Con attendee
Sampling from Quaid’s vineyard?
Dig deeply
Sleeping bag site
Lab __
Ax to grind
Verdi opera based on a Shakespeare tragedy
TripAdvisor rival
Einstein
Photoshop fodder
Outspoken
Carpet made from corn husks?
Beach in a classic bossa nova hit
If all else fails
Ends
Misjudgment
Smartphone options
Pollen-packing petal pusher
Surreal ending?
Dentist’s directive
Mumbai wrap
Designer Klein
It’s played secretly under the table
Secretly
More than irk
Celebrate wildly
Cause of temporary weight loss?
101 course
1:1, for one
NASCAR’s Yarborough
Elvis’ middle name
Moon goddess
Coup target
Power eponym
“The Grapes of Wrath” character
Rents
Defib settings
Big name in ATMs
Radiation source

We offer support and help with a wide range of crosswords and are guaranteed to make sure you complete everything; the site is also updated regularly to make sure that all of our answers are correct and to add more crosswords to the ever growing list.

If there is any problem with the answer, please contact us! We will fix the problem.

crosswordtracker.org

Termites Feed Through Good Vibrations

The discovery that termites use vibrations to choose the wood they eat may provide opportunities to new methods of reducing infestations in homes and also may provide insights into the “cocktail party effect” of signal processing – how to ignore most noise but have some signals that trigger attention – that may prove useful in artificial intelligence.

CSIRO entomologist Theo Evans says laboratory experiments have found that termites use their ability to detect vibrations to determine which food source is most suitable. The termites can also detect how the vibrations are made. This ability could be likened to a form of sonar.

Dr Evans says different termite species are known to prefer eating particular sizes of wood; certain drywood termites prefer small blocks, presumably to avoid competition. With Professor Joseph Lai and his students from the University of New South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy, Dr Evans investigated how the blind insects measured pieces of wood.

They recorded the vibrations of worker drywood termites as they fed on large and small wood blocks. Dr Evans then broadcast the recorded vibrations made by termites from the large blocks into small blocks and found that the termites switched their preference to the large blocks. Prof Lai created an artificial signal similar to that made by the termites chewing the large block, which Dr Evans broadcast into small blocks and the scientists found that the termites had no preference for either large or small blocks. Broadcasting static into small blocks did not affect termite choice, showing that the termites were not interested in random noise.

These results show two responses by the termites: one to block size and a second to signal source. The artificial signal mimicked the characteristic frequency of the wooden block, so the termites were tricked into believing that a small block with the artificial signal was the same size as a large block; thus no preference was observed. However, the signal from the termites feeding on large blocks had this characteristic frequency plus other signals indicating the presence of other termites in that “large block”, so they chose to feed on the large block without termites. Thus the termites showed that they have the “cocktail party effect”.

This social information had another important effect: limiting reproduction potential. Most termite workers are sterile; they don’t breed. However, in drywood termites, workers can become fertile and develop into breeders when they are isolated from their colony. Few workers developed into breeders in the experiments when they were broadcast the termite sourced signals, whereas many workers developed into breeders when artificial signals were broadcast, or when no signals were broadcast.

Scientists are hoping to find ways to interfere with the termites’ ability to select wood in order to reduce the economic impact of termite damage. “There is a common perception that termites are voracious and indiscriminate eaters, consuming all the wood that they find,” Dr Evans says. “But the reality is that termites are selective feeders and choose their food very carefully. The palatability of the wood species and hardness is important as are defensive chemicals made by the plant. But our work shows that this is not the only method of assessment. There are many accounts of termites not consuming a piece of palatable wood.”

www.sciencedaily.com

Where even termites were welcome presumably

It’s a beautiful sunny day and you decide to go out back and get a little yard work done; okay, and maybe a little sun to boot.

As you lean in to fight with a stubborn squatter weed; softly humming to tunes recently downloaded, you notice a heap of lumber in the back corner of the yard.

You get up slowly and mosey over to investigate the intertwined woodwork more closely.

“I really need to move this stuff”, you say, as you lift a rotting piece of wood and flip it over.

As you do, out flies a winged wonder, presumably shouting a bug explicative to you for disrupting his peaceful day.

With the movement of additional pieces of wood, a scurry of activity begins in the remaining timbers of what looks to be the home of a very large family, not just immediate family mind you, but extended family, and friends and friends of friends. There must have been hundreds, no thousands of them.

“What the heck”, you say (or words to that affect – maybe it was heck, maybe it wasn’t ).

“What are those little things?”

Then as you exhale, you say … “ohhhhhhh noooooo.”

Oh yes. Girly girl, you guessed it …they are termites!!

Ewwww! You scream as you race to the house and anxiously grab the phone to dial your friendly neighborhood Mr. Termite-a-tor!

Before you decide to destroy these little guys, let me share some things about them, and then you can decide whether to destroy them.

If you were in a disaster situation, those little “eat-me-outta-house-and-home” creatures and some of their creepy crawly friends can actually be your salvation for nutrition?

In fact, termites have more protein than some meats!! True.

Bugs, insects, creepy-crawlies, or as we fondly refer to them as, “someone-come-and-get-this-thing”, can be a critical means of nourishment when placed in an event where there is little to no food.

In the United States we pay good money to have ‘our little friends’ removed from our homes and businesses. In other Countries however, theses little squirmers are a welcome meal. (I know …ewww!)

The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization for instance estimate that there are 1,400 species of insects and worms eaten in almost 90 countries.

“Not by me.” you say. Yepper, by you.

Let me share what we have been eating all along and d > even know it.

The FDA allows certain levels of bugs to be present in various foods. Fact.

There are actually acceptable standards. Let me give you an example.

Here’s one. It is acceptable to have up to 60% aphids in 3 ½ ounces of broccoli. Gross huh? Or, how about this one? Two to three fruit fly maggots in 200 grams of tomato juice is okay too. (Conk to the head – I shouldda had a – nah)

Wait! There’s more. It’s acceptable to have 100 insect fragments in 25 grams of curry powder. You’re dying now aren’t you? I’ve got more! I’ll say them really, really fast. 74 mites in 100 grams of canned mushrooms … 13 insect heads in 100 grams of fig paste (I personally do not use fig paste nor do I have a clue what it is!), and lastly 34 fruit fly eggs in every cup of raisins (ah, so that’s the secret to good oatmeal raisin cookies, huh. )

Want to talk comfort food? Peanut Butter has 30 insect fragments per 100 grams; Potato Chips 6% of pieces with rot; Ground Cinnamon: 11 rodent hairs per 50 grams (1.8 ounces) and Sesame Seeds: 5 mg rodent droppings per pound (455 grams).

So, ya see. You’ve been eating bugs or bug pieces-parts all along and liking it!

There’s nutritional value in bugs

Now, it should be noted, that there are also some insects we need to avoid.

If you do find yourself in need of a good “survivor meal’ here’s a rule of thumb. Avoid bugs like flies, mosquitoes and tick as they carry disease. Also avoid centipedes and spiders as they are poisonous, and lastly bugs that have fine hair, bright colors or eight or more legs.

Oh, and just to ease your mind a little and should the good in these little fellows, many of those brightly colored cosmetic products we use – well – the color is obtained from crushed bugs.

That’s right, we put bugs on our face as too.

Ladies, we are half way there!

I mean look at it this way, we are already eating and using bugs every day!

Thank you for sharing Survivor Jane with your friends!

If you have any questions, or would like to see a specific article addressing survival preparedness for women on SurvivorJane.com click here

Follow me on Twitter @SurvivorJane and use the hashtag #PrepperTalk – Building the Largest Prepper Community One Social Media at a Time!

www.survivorjane.com

Termites – Biology and Control Wood-Damaging Pests

Termites are the most important wood-destroying structural pests in the southern United States. According to some estimates, over $2 billion are spent annually in the United States controlling or preventing termite infestations. In North Carolina, our main problem is with subterranean termites, i.e., termites that normally live below ground and may move up into a structure where they cause damage. Termites are “social insects,” i.e., they live in a nest or colony which is typically found underground, often near a tree, stump, wood pile or other source of ‘food.’ Each colony contains a king and queen who are brown in color. They are wingless now but started out having wings and “swarming” from their original home or nesting site where they developed. The queen is able to lay thousands of eggs each year. and continues to do so for about five years. There are also soldier termites which have large heads equipped with large mandibles (“jaws”). The soldiers protect the colony from invaders (such as ants). The bulk of the termite colony consists of thousands of whitish workers who serve various roles. Some workers maintain the nesting site and take care of the queen and the newly hatching immatures (sometimes called “larvae”). Other workers go out and actively forage (search) for food. The foraging workers are the ones that we typically find infesting wood. As the colony grows, the workers expand both the nest and their feeding area. Depending on the species of termite, a mature colony can contain 200,000 to 2,000,000 workers, although many colonies contain as few as 50,000-60,000. Studies have also shown that termites from a single colony may forage across an area of one-third acre and travel over 200 feet from their nest. One acre of land may support several termite colonies (although this doesn’t mean that all of them are invading your home!). A large termite colony does not usually occupy a single underground nest. As the foraging area expands the colony actually splits to form several smaller “nesting sites.”

Eastern subterranean termite soldier.

Gary Alpert, Harvard University, Bugwood.org

Eastern subterranean termite soldier.

Gary Alpert, Harvard University, Bugwood.org

Subterranean termite workers.

Clemson University – USDA Cooperative Extension Slide Series, Bugwood.org

Subterranean termite workers.

Clemson University – USDA Cooperative Extension Slide Series, Bugwood.org

Signs of Termite Activity

Without a periodic inspection of your home, termite activity can remain undetected for years. Some signs of their activity show up unexpectedly, while others are discovered by accident or during renovations. Here are some key signs of a termite infestation:

Swarming – A termite colony can mature in 3-5 years and begin to produce swarmers (winged adults). In North Carolina, we have at least three native species of subterranean termites that begin swarming in late winter and continue into September or October. Swarming usually occurs during the day, particularly on warm days following rain. Swarmers found outdoors near tree stumps, landscape timbers, etc., are not an indication that your house is infested, but they serve as a reminder that termites live around us. When swarming occurs indoors, it usually means that you have an infestation somewhere within your house. Several species of ants also swarm at the same times of the year as termites. Winged termites and ants look somewhat similar, but you can tell them apart by certain features. If you’re not sure whether you have termites or ants, show them to a pest management professional or bring specimens to your county Cooperative Extension center for identification.

Mud tubes
Unlike ants, termites do not roam around on the soil surface or out in the open. They will either tunnel through the soil or into wood (or other material) or else travel inside pencil-size (or larger) “mud tubes” that they build from soil, wood particles and other materials. You will find these tubes on foundation walls, floor joists or other parts of the house. Tubes may also hang from the floor system (see picture below) or may be found protruding from cracks between boards and beams and even through holes termites may chew through sheet rock on walls and ceilings. Break open the tubes to see if termites are still active. An empty tube doesn’t necessarily mean that termites are gone; they may have simply abandoned this particular tunnel. Termites often rebuild damaged tubes, which is another indication of current activity. ‘Old’ tubes are dry and crumble easily, leaving behind “etching” on the surface that may be visible for years (an indication that a house had termite activity at some time). Without knowing the inspection history of the house, it is impossible to tell or guess at the age of tunnels or etching.

Tubes that are found on ceilings or on upper levels of a building may indicate that you have an aboveground (“aerial”) infestation, i.e., the termite colony actually lives in the building and the termites are traveling up from the soil. Mud tubes built by an aboveground colony usually contain materials other than soil, e.g., wood and sheet rock or whatever the termites are feeding on. These secondary infestations occur when there is a serious moisture problem or leak somewhere within the structure. In such situations, a thorough inspection may require removal of siding or interior wallboards, etc. More importantly for you, these aboveground infestations cannot be controlled with the usual soil treatment (see below) and are typically excluded from a termite contract warranty. In these situations, finding and correcting the moisture problem is the first step to eliminating the termites.

Termite mud tubes on crawlspace pier.

Michael Waldvogel – NC State Entomology

Termite mud tubes on crawlspace pier.

Michael Waldvogel – NC State Entomology

Termite tube on attic joist.

Michael Waldvogel – NC State Entomology

Termite tube on attic joist.

Michael Waldvogel – NC State Entomology

Michael Waldvogel – NC State Entomology

Termite mud tubes on exterior foundation wall.

Termite Damage

We tend to think of termites as feeding/injuring wood only. Termites actually feed on almost anything that contains cellulose, the main component of wood, including wood paneling, paper products, cardboard boxes, art canvases, the paper covering of sheet rock, carpeting, etc. While foraging and feeding, they may tunnel through non-cellulosic materials, such as plastic and foamboard. According to some research, a colony containing 60,000 workers could consume the equivalent of one foot of a 2″ x 4″ piece of lumber in slightly over 5 months. In reality, the amount of damage that termites cause depends on many factors. In areas with cold winter temperatures, termite activity (and feeding) often declines, but does not necessarily stop. If the termites are well-protected from colder temperatures (e.g., underneath a slab), then activity may continue year-round. From a practical perspective, serious termite damage usually takes about 3-8 years.

Look for these signs of termite feeding:

  • Wood that sounds “hollow” when it is tapped with the handle of a screwdriver.
  • Soft wood that is easily probed with a knife or screwdriver.
  • A thin gritty gray-brown film on the surface of damaged material.

There is no accurate method for determining the age of recently discovered damage. You need some reference point, i.e., some point in time when it was known that there was no damage to this particular wood. This is one reason why annual inspections (and keeping your records of these inspections) are important.

NOTE: These inspections are not a guarantee that you do not have termites or damage in areas that are not covered or not easily seen, such as inside walls. However, the inspections can reveal conditions that might suggest that damage does exist and further investigation is needed.

Termite damage to floor joist and subfloor.

Michael Waldvogel – NC State Entomology

Termite damage to floor joist and subfloor.

Michael Waldvogel – NC State Entomology

Termite damage to wall paneling.

Michael Waldvogel – NC State Entomology

Termite damage to wall paneling.

Michael Waldvogel – NC State Entomology

Controlling Termites

What should you do if you think or discover that your home is infested with termites?

If you have a termite protection contract, contact the pest control company immediately and arrange for them to check out the problem. If you do not have a termite contract, call 2-3 (or more) companies and have each one inspect your home and provide you with the details of their findings and any recommendations for a course of action to correct any termite problems that they found. Take your time to evaluate their proposals and determine your best course of action. Termites do not cause significant damage in a short period of time, so spending a few extra days or even a few weeks will not make any real difference in terms how much damage occurs.

There are several important questions you need to ask:

  1. How extensive is the problem?
  2. What should be done to eliminate the termite activity?
  3. How much will this work cost?
  4. What kind of guarantee does the company offer?
  5. Is there damage that should be repaired or at least examined by a contractor or engineer before control measures are performed?

You can find additional information in the publication Tips on Selecting Pest Control Services.

Inspecting a crawlspace for termites.

Michael Waldvogel – NC State Entomology

Inspecting a crawlspace for termites.

Michael Waldvogel – NC State Entomology

Types of Termite Treatments

Simply spraying swarmers or the surface of accessible infested wood may kill the termites that you see now, but it does not stop the infestation nor does it protect your house from future attacks by termites. The most common type of termite treatment involves a “trench and treat” where a liquid insecticide (“termiticide”) is applied to the soil surrounding critical areas of your house. The most critical area needing treatment is the foundation wall (see the image to the right). The soil is trenched 6″ deep and about 4-6″ wide. For houses with crawlspaces, the soil along the interior foundation wall must be treated at least within 4 feet of identified signs of termite activity. In some cases, the soil around supports (such as piers) underneath the house are also treated. In order to be effective, this treatment must extend down through the soil to the top of the foundation footer. When applied correctly, this treatment forms a continuous chemical barrier that should prevent termites from reaching the foundation and piers in your house.

Current North Carolina regulations also require drilling and treating of:

  • Concrete slabs that attach to the house, for example, a garage floor, or the slab of an earth-filled porch.
  • Voids inside foundation walls, piers, etc. within 4 feet of known termite activity.
  • The side walls of earth-filled porches within 3-feet of the foundation wall and any structural wood.

You can view the state regulations or obtain a copy from the North Carolina Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services – Structural Pest Control and Pesticides Division (NCDA&CS) in Raleigh. These specifications are the current minimum requirements for a treatment under state regulations. Some pest control companies still drill and treat the entire foundation wall and piers. Some companies offer “spot treatments”, i.e., they treat only the area(s) of the house where termites are found. A spot treatment may seem like a good idea because it costs less than a full treatment. However, there are some important points to remember. First, a spot treatment may not correct the problem. Second, except when done under an existing contract, a spot treatment often carries a very limited guarantee (or no guarantee at all). It’s your house, your money, your choice. Don’t let economics be your only determining point about how to protect your house from termites. On a new contract (treatment), any treatment procedures that will not be done according to NC regulations must be noted on an official Waiver of Minimum Standards form. You must sign this form as part of your contract. If you are asked to sign a waiver form make sure you understand what each waived item means (i.e., what work is not being done and why it is not being done).

Termite Baits – Another option for treatment is the use of a termite bait. These products are used differently from liquid treatments and may be used with a liquid treatment. See Termites – Baiting Systems for more information about termite baits.

Regardless of whether you have a liquid termite treatment or a baiting system installed, remember this important point: Before you sign a service agreement or contract, read it carefully. Here are some questions to help you evaluate the proposed service:

  • How will the treatment will be done?
  • Does the proposed treatment require a waiver? If so, what treatment specifications will not be done? Why aren’t they being done?
  • What type of guarantee is included under the contract? Some contracts offer a “retreatment-only” guarantee. If there is a repair guarantee, what is or is not covered by the guarantee?
  • Does signing any waiver form affect the guarantee in any way?
  • What are the terms for renewing or maintaining the contract? (see the section below on Annual Contracts).

A list of commonly-used termiticides can be found in the current edition of the North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manua​l. You can also contact NCDA&CS for a complete list of all currently registered termiticides.

Why not “do-it-yourself”?

Although there are termiticides available for homeowner use, we do not recommend the “Do-it-Yourself” (DIY) approach for chemical control of termites for several reasons. Many products have instructions for spraying the surface of infested wood. Simply spraying swarmers or the surface of accessible infested wood kills the termites that you see at that time, but it does not protect the interior parts of that infested wood nor does it protect your house from further termite attacks. If you see termites in one area, don’t assume that it’s the only infested area or that what you see is the extent of the problem in that area. Only a thorough inspection can show if the termites are also feeding someplace else and even then, termites could be infesting your home in areas that are inaccessible (and uninspectable. Also, simply spraying the soil surface and/or exterior foundation wall is not going to stop a termite infestation below ground and possibly entering your home from below ground.

What is needed to do a liquid termite treatment correctly?

  1. As previously explained, a proper termite treatment can be very complex. You must trench and treat the soil along the foundation and on all sides of piers. The trenches must be 4-6 inches wide and 6 inches deep, depending on the depth of your foundation’s footer.
  2. You can’t count on treating only the exterior side of your foundation and crawlspaces can be difficult (and potentially hazardous) places in which to work particularly if you’re trying to trench and treat the soil with a pesticide. Most pesticide labels require pesticide applicators working in confined spaces, such as crawlspaces, to wear specific personal protective equipment such as a cartridge-type air filtering respirator (not simply a dust filtering mask) You need a substantial volume of diluted chemical. Termiticides are applied to the soil at the rate of 4 gallons per 10 linear feet per foot of depth (i.e., the depth from the soil surface down to the top of the foundation footer). Most footers in eastern and central North Carolina are about 12-18 inches below grade (soil level). Therefore, as an example, a house that has a 40 ft x 30 ft “footprint” (120 linear feet) and a one-foot deep footer would require 48 gallons of termiticide spray just to treat the soil along the outside foundation wall. The total amount of chemical needed will depend whether the interior foundation wall needs to be treated (in part or all of it) and on other aspects of the building construction (such as attached garage slabs, earth-filled porches, etc.) but could easily exceed 100 gallons. Houses with basements or those built on slopes may have deeper footers and so you would also need the equipment to treat to the necessary depth which could be as much as 4 feet. Few homeowners have the equipment to mix and apply large quantities of chemical properly and safely.
  3. As mentioned in the previous section, a proper treatment includes drilling and treating concrete slabs (such as porches and garages) as well as voids in foundation walls and piers that are adjacent to the termite infestation. This part of the treatment requires some understanding of construction, plus specialized equipment and training to avoid injuries or damage to underground utility lines or to the masonry. Although you could skip this part of the work, an incomplete treatment may not solve the problem and may leave your house vulnerable to continued or future termite attack.
  4. The cost of the chemical is higher for consumer products. For example, in 2000, one brand of permethrin-based termiticide available at a large retail store in Raleigh, NC was priced at approximately $17.00 per pint. According to the product label, the chemical is applied at a 0.5% concentration which requires adding 5 ounces of chemical per gallon of water. Using the example of the house mentioned above, your cost to purchase the chemical needed to treat just the soil around the foundation (56 gallons) would be nearly $300.

There are several products including a termite bait, sprayable foam, and a granular insecticide available for consumer use. READ THE LABELS ON THESE PRODUCTS THOROUGHLY AND CAREFULLY BEFORE PURCHASING AND/OR USING THEM. The product labels all contain a statement to the effect that the use of these products is NOT a substitute for mechanical alteration, soil and foundation treatment, but merely a supplement. In other words, these products will kill termites but they will not eliminate an active termite infestation in your home nor will they product your house from future termite infestations.

Difficult or problem situations

There are situations where a conventional termite treatment is particularly difficult, undesirable, or even impossible. Some situations call require special handling, others may require alternative approaches. For example:

  1. Liquid treatment is considered too difficult.
    • There is a foundation drain that may lead to a pond or creek.
    • Heating/air conditioning ducts are located under or in a slab floor
    • The treatment requires extensive drilling of floor slabs through wooden, tiled or carpeted floors, or through other masonry that could be damaged.
  2. Liquid treatment could be illegal, e.g., there is a well or cistern under or too close to the foundation wall.
  3. Liquid treatment is considered unacceptable for whatever reason. The treatment requires drilling of floor slabs through wooden, tiled or carpeted floors, or through other masonry or you do not want liquid pesticides applied under/around your house. In these situations, there are few alternatives such as termite baits or mechanical control (currently available only for homes under construction).

Wood Treatments
Although local or “spot” wood treatments stop termite activity in the treated area, they are not complete termite treatments and they will not stop termites from attacking wood in other areas. One treatment option uses the chemical disodium octaborate tetrahydrate (DOT). This borax-derived chemical is applied to critical wooden structural components in the crawlspace and parts of the framing in a house under construction. Data provided by product manufacturers suggest that termites will not build their tubes over treated wood nor do they cause any structural damage to treated wood. However, depending on the type of construction involved, it may be possible for termites to bypass this treatment and attack nearby untreated wood such as baseboard molding, trim, etc. Chemicals that are suitable for wood treatments are listed in the current edition of the North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual.

Fumigation
In North Carolina, structural fumigation (sometimes called “tenting”) is rarely used for our common subterranean termites. Most residential fumigations are performed for drywood termites, which are relatively uncommon in North Carolina, or for wood-boring beetles particularly in log homes.

Foundation footer of a house under construction.

content.ces.ncsu.edu

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