The remedy for ticks processing portion — the most effective
The remedy for ticks processing portion – and a list of precautions
- 1 The remedy for ticks processing portion – and a list of precautions
- 2 Why do they appear?
- 3 How to get rid of ticks in the area effectively
- 4 Rules for working with protivokleschevye facilities in the area
- 5 EXTERNAL PARASITES OF POULTRY
- 6 NORTHERN FOWL MITES
- 7 SCALY-LEG MITES
- 8 STICKTIGHT FLEAS
- 9 POULTRY LICE
- 10 CHICKEN MITES
- 11 LESS-COMMON PARASITES
- 12 7 Ways to Keep Ticks Out of Your Yard Naturally
- 13 Why it’s Going to Be a Bad Year for Ticks:
- 14 How to Protect Yourself from the Ticks:
- 15 10 Ways to Keep Ticks Out of Your Yard Naturally
Faced with these rather unpleasant creatures — mites — can, Unfortunately, not only in the park or in the woods, but also in their own country sites. But there is not so easy to get rid of them, because the control of mites on a country site, without specific knowledge can be time-consuming and at least as many of your forces. Therefore, by means of pliers site should be chosen very carefully and responsibly, given the extent of infection and other factors. After all harmful unwanted visitors to your garden plot can carry hazardous to health and even life-human and animal diseases — encephalitis, several kinds of fever and borellioz.
Treatment should be carried out in the spring and summer tick activity, desirable for 3 days prior to the arrival of people in a given territory. The means stored on grass and soil 1-1,5 of the month
Destruction of mites on site can be carried out in several ways. For example, There are special companies, to help cottagers handle section from ticks and mosquitoes, experts for this plot are sprayed against ticks special chemicals, and so uncomplicated way fight with dangerous uninvited guests. but, the price for this service is «biting», so in some cases it will be better to buy drugs themselves against ticks for the treatment site and sprinkle your own territory. Or, as an option, try to use the most popular folk remedies for treatment of plot against mosquitoes and ticks — the price of such treatments would be minimal, but to fight the «invaders» you, possibly, have much longer.
Why do they appear?
If ever in your territory mites are not met, they can still settle on it later. This happens in several ways:
- Migration animal body. Rats, as well as cats and dogs can bring their walking unpleasant «guests», which, but, have too many. Most often, this population does not increase in the future and to get rid of it in special ways you do not have.
Camymi dangerous to humans are parasitic ticks, attacking animals and humans, and capable of withstanding a number of pathogens fatal diseases, eg, tick-borne encephalitis, tularemia, hemorrhagic fever
- Separate entry. In one day, sluggish creature, movable hunger, It can travel up to several meters in search of a victim — a warm-blooded animal, which includes you and me.
- Moving from a nearby neighbor or timber portion. The probability of such a method of distribution — above all.
note! If you purchased a suburban area relatively recently, and in the first half or two years, did not notice it ticks, it does not mean, that they were not there. The fact, that from the moment of oviposition to the development of adult mite takes place 1,5-2 of the year. And if you find a lot of parasites in your yard in the spring — it means, that they were already present in the territory.
How to get rid of ticks in the area effectively
Processing section of the ticks on their own — it is a serious and responsible. To choose for themselves, than the process section of the ticks on their own, We must take into account a number of factors, and the first question, you have to ask yourself — is this you are ready to make your site chemicals.
Council! Choose the method of treatment against ticks, based primarily on the extent of infection. When widespread parasites, fight the scourge of ticks means of factory production — you can buy them in stores for truckers, hypermarkets and hardware stores.
- Traditional methods. If you are looking for a way, how to deal with pests without harming fruit plants, animals and humans — the destruction of ticks on the dacha folk methods — is, what you need. Mm, not less, with massive «attack» parasites — this method is unlikely to work.
- Treat the suburban area against ticks using citrus juice, diluting it with water and spraying in areas of mites living.
- Scatter in areas of high concentrations of boric acid powder or parasites in the usual soda.
- Plant tincture is sprayed using an atomizer. As components often come from chamomile grass, garlic, geranium and sage.
- Add to the usual water peppermint and rosemary essential oil and sprayed on a site of territory.
- Tie a large piece of white cloth to a stick and slowly walked up and down in the early morning with a «scraper» on the grass.
Determine, where the most often encountered ticks, on what part of the site. After the snow melted especially pay attention to the processing of deposits on last year’s leaves, shrubs, curbs, around the perimeter
Ticks cling to fabric, then destroyed mechanically. «White Flag Method» will have to be used within a couple of weeks on a daily basis in order, to effectively treat the suburban area of ticks
When the mite attacks man, virus, accumulated in the salivary glands or ovaries, He gets into his blood. Sam tick any inconvenience from the presence of the virus does not test and stores it in your body for a long time
2. Chemical pesticides are toxic, Alas, not only for ticks, They also cause the death of bees and other beneficial insects and can harm human and animal health.
note! there are drugs, which can be used only by specialists — care workers stations.
But these drugs have a distinct advantage — they are almost 100% efficiency. If you are looking for a way, how to get rid of ticks and probably for a long time and want to use a new modern facility for the destruction of the parasite in large areas — you should buy is a special chemical drug-insecticide.
First of all, portion processing should be performed in the special clothing — gloves, respirator, thick coat, hat and sunglasses with a seal made of rubber. The fight against mites can only be dry, windless weather
Such preparations are divided into:
- Piretrinsoderzhaschie — considered the most safe and include the active ingredient, secreted from special varieties of plants daisy. but, despite the almost complete absence of toxicity, its efficiency is slightly lower, Substances other than the groups.
- Organophosphorus — ensure the destruction of large areas on, characterized by a comparatively short period of decay in the soil.
Council! Can have a toxic effect on the skin and mucous, when using extreme caution should be.
- DDT — means increased efficiency, during the collapse of which are quite lengthy, and the toxicity of the soil is very high. They should be used only in very severe cases.
The most popular among gardeners chemical agents can be attributed:
- Taran. effective drug, It is consumed at the rate of 100ml per hectare preparation. breeding — 1 ml «ram» solution for 1 litere of water.
Tara is one of the most effective chemical means of combating mites. When it is applied by pincers treatment is performed once during the season, right after the snow melts
- Sipaz-super. A very effective solution, inodorous. Costed 50-100 ml of 1 quarter. meter. It does not leave stains on surfaces.
- Cifoks. Emulsion Concentrate, It is consumed in an amount per hectare — for 500 ml. It provides protection for the 1.5-month period.
Rules for working with protivokleschevye facilities in the area
If you do decide to self-treatment of their possessions, Do not forget about the important rules, under which you can avoid harming yourself and others to their four-legged friends:
- Be sure to use the suit-defense: respirator, bathrobe, protective cap or rubber gloves and bandages. Exclude hit preparations on the skin and mucous membranes.
Council! After contact with the drug on the body — immediately (it is important!) rinse agent with soap and water, and on the skin if irritation — contact your dermatologist.
- Carry out the procedure in the absence of wind and the weather is dry. Try to exclude the possibility of precipitation in the next three days after the treatment by monitoring forecasts reliable sources.
- Use drugs within, than 1,5 months until harvest.
Council! If you are the owner of a small area, you can do a manual spray for treatment area. Motor automatic spray gun is better suited for large landholdings.
Important! Study the instructions for use of any means with special care and follow its requirements unquestioningly. Then your pest control is not only effective, but also safe.
EXTERNAL PARASITES OF POULTRY
Written by : Dr. Jacquie Jacob, University of Kentucky
Parasites are organisms that live in or on another organism, referred to as the host , and gain an advantage at the expense of the host. There are several external parasites that attack poultry by either sucking blood or feeding on the skin or feathers. In small flocks, it is difficult to prevent contact with wild birds (especially English sparrows) and rodents that may carry parasites that can infest poultry. It is important to occasionally check your flock for external parasites. Early detection can prevent a flock outbreak.
NOTE: Brand names appearing in this article are examples only. No endorsement is intended, nor is criticism implied of similar products not mentioned.
NORTHERN FOWL MITES
Northern fowl mites ( Ornithonyssus sylviarum ) are the most common external parasite on poultry, especially on poultry in cool weather. Northern fowl mites are blood feeders. Clinical signs of an infestation will vary depending on the severity of the infestation. Heavy infestations can cause anemia due to loss of blood. Anemia is usually accompanied by a decrease in egg production or growth rate, decreased carcass quality, and decreased feed intake. Northern fowl mites will bite humans, causing itching and irritation of the skin.
Close up of Northern Fowl mite (Image by Protasov AN on Shutterstock.com)
Northern fowl mites are small (1/25th of an inch), have eight legs, and are typically black or brown. To check for northern fowl mites, closely observe the vent area of poultry. Northern fowl mites appear as tiny specks moving quickly on the skin. Sometimes the most obvious indication of an infestation is the presence of eggs and mite fecal material (black specks) in the vent area.
Effective treatment may involve treating all the birds with an insecticide approved for poultry. Be sure to read and follow all label instructions, including details regarding protective equipment the producer must wear and possible withholding time for consumption of meat and eggs from treated birds. Northern fowl mites can reproduce quickly; an egg can develop into a mature egg-laying female in less than a week. None of the recommended materials for treating northern fowl mites kill the eggs. It is necessary, therefore, to re-treat an infected flock every four to seven days. Mites prefer to live on birds but can survive off the birds for a couple of weeks. It is important to treat the inside of the poultry house, making sure the nesting area, roosts, and any cracks and crevices are treated.
Typical insecticides used to control northern fowl mites include Prozap Insectrin Dust, and PoultryGuard. The label for any insecticide chosen to treat poultry should state that the insecticide is approved for use in poultry. Note that Ivermectin is not approved for use with poultry. Organic insecticides—such as PyTGanic Pro, a pyrethrum-based insecticide derived from chrysantheniums—are also available. Including food-grade diatomaceous earth (DE) in dust baths is a nontoxic insecticide option. DE is abrasive and will remove the oily or waxy cuticle layer on the outside of a mite. When this thin, waterproof layer is lost, the mite loses water and dies. This may help to control mites but won’t eliminate them since it has no effect on eggs.
Scaly-leg mites ( Knemidokoptes mutans ) are smaller than the northern fowl mite (1/100th of an inch) and live under the scales on birds’ legs and feet. These mites are pale gray and have flat, circular bodies. Scaly-leg mites burrow under chickens’ leg scales and feed on the tissue under the scales. The legs of an infected bird get thick and crusty. In severe cases, the blood supply to the toes may be cut off, and the bird may lose toes.
Coating the entire leg with petroleum jelly or dipping the legs in linseed oil will help to suffocate the mites and moisturize the scales. Although scaly-leg mites prefer to live on birds, these mites can survive in the poultry house. It is therefore important to treat the inside of the poultry house, making sure the nesting area, roosts, and any cracks and crevices are treated.
The legs of a chicken that has had a mild case of scaly-leg mites will eventually return to normal. However, in more severe cases, the swollen and deformed look to the feet may remain. Exhibition birds that have legs deformed by mites should not be shown.
Sticktight fleas ( Echidnophaga gallinacea ) attach themselves to the skin and wattles on the head of birds. Unlike northern fowl mites or scaly-leg mites, these fleas can thrive on other animals, including dogs, cats, horses, and humans.
Female sticktight fleas forcefully eject eggs into the surrounding environment. Larvae develop in the soil around poultry houses. It typically takes four weeks for an egg to develop into an adult. Adults are free-living until it is time to breed, at which time female fleas attach to the skin around the face and wattles and lay their eggs to continue the cycle.
To kill sticktight fleas, coat the exposed adult fleas with petroleum jelly. This suffocates the fleas. Even though the fleas are dead, they may remain attached for several weeks. Since such a treatment kills only the adult females, it is necessary to repeat the treatment weekly to catch any additional fleas that may have developed. In addition, it is important to treat the poultry pen by using an approved insecticide on the litter or by replacing the old litter with clean bedding.
There are two kinds of lice: biting and bloodsucking. Blood-sucking lice attack only mammals, but biting lice infect both birds and mammals. Poultry lice are species-specific and cannot survive on humans.
The chicken body louse ( Menacanthus stramineus ) and the shaft louse ( Menopon gallinae ) are the two species of lice most commonly found on poultry. Lice lay their eggs on the birds’ feathers, typically near the base of the feather shaft. The eggs are cemented together and so have the appearance of a collection of white particles. After hatching, lice may live on a bird for several months; however, they can survive off the bird for only one week. The entire life cycle of the lice occurs on the host bird, primarily in the feathers.
Lice that infect poultry do not suck blood; instead, they feed on dry skin scales, feathers, and scabs. They will, however, feed on any blood that appears on the skin surface. Infested birds may appear agitated because of the skin irritation. They will have damaged feathers and will appear to be in general poor health. Infested flocks may also show reduced feed intake, slowed body growth, decreased fertility, and declining egg production. Young birds are usually more seriously affected than are adult birds.
Insecticides that treat northern fowl mites will also control lice. Generally, lice do not leave the host bird unless they are moving to another bird, so careful treating of the birds’ environment isn’t as crucial as it is with the other external parasites. Nevertheless, it is important to treat the environment. The time from egg to adult for lice is about three weeks, so repeated treatments are required.
Chicken mites ( Dermanyssus gallinae ), also known roost mites or red mites , are found on domestic fowl around the world. These mites can also thrive on people. Symptoms of an infestation are similar to those of northern fowl mites. Unlike northern fowl mites, however, chicken mites do not live on the birds. During the day, chicken mites live in dark areas in the poultry house such as cracks and crevices in roosts, walls, ceilings, and floors. Chicken mites are nocturnal, coming out at night to feed on the birds. They are bloodsuckers that turn red after ingesting blood. Since chicken mites feed on the birds only at night, it may be difficult to detect a mild infestation. These gray, brown, and red mites can be detected by examining secluded areas of the poultry house. In addition to the appearance of the mites themselves, their presence may be indicated by black and white deposits of mite fecal material and cast-off skins
Chicken mites can be transferred from wild birds, rodents, and other animals. Heavy infestations of chicken mites cause birds to have pale combs and wattles. The birds also become listless and show a decrease in egg production and male fertility; young birds experience a slowing in weight gain. Infested flocks are more susceptible to other parasites and diseases.
Effective treatment requires that treating the entire poultry house, paying special attention to the areas where these mites like to hide (every crack and crevice, as well as roosts, walls, and ceilings). The birds should also be treated with an insecticide that is approved for poultry. Be sure to read and follow all label instructions, including details regarding protective equipment the producer must wear and possible withholding time for consumption of meat and eggs from infected birds. Given the short life cycle of this parasite—7 to 14 days from egg to adulthood—it is necessary to re-treat an infected flock every 4 to 7 days. Adult mites are resistant to starvation and, when off the host, can survive without feeding for up to six months. It is important, therefore, to treat and re-treat the poultry house as well as the birds. It is also important to note that a poultry house can remain infested long after the birds have been removed.
Fowl ticks ( Argas persicus ), also known as blue bugs , are considered soft ticks. By contrast, the ticks that are normally found on cats and dogs are hard ticks. The ticks that affect birds are light reddish brown to dark brown and their skin is wrinkled. Adults are about 1/4 inch in length. Ticks live in the cracks and crevices of a poultry house. Ticks in various stages of development will feed on a host.
Females lay 50 to 100 eggs after every blood meal. Eggs are laid in the cracks and crevices in the poultry house. After the eggs hatch, the larvae seek out a host where they attach themselves and feed for four to seven days. The larvae then fall off the host and molt to the nymph stage. Nymphs and adults feed only at night and for short periods of time (15 to 30 minutes). Red spots can be observed on the bird where the tick has fed. After several nymphal molts, the adult tick emerges. The time from egg to adult is approximately 30 days.
Adult ticks are extremely resistant to starvation and can live for more than a year without feeding. Flocks infested with ticks can experience decreases in egg production and weight gain. The birds become emaciated and more susceptible to disease. In severe cases, death results. Treatment for ticks includes thoroughly cleaning and sanitizing the poultry house. After the house is sanitized, it should be sprayed with an approved insecticide.
Bedbugs ( Cimex lectularius ) are nocturnal. Young and mature bedbugs crawl onto birds and suck their blood. Bedbugs hide, breed, and lay eggs in various locations in a poultry house, including in nests, behind nests, under loose boards, and in cracks around the walls, roosts, and roof. Bed bugs can best be controlled by treating these locations with an approved insecticide. When disturbed, bed bugs give off a distinct odor similar to that of stink bugs.
7 Ways to Keep Ticks Out of Your Yard Naturally
Published May 3, 2017 Last Updated April 2, 2019 By Lori Ryman 25 Comments
This post may contain affiliate links. Please read my disclosure.
Have you heard…. this year is going to be one of the worst years for ticks!
When people told me this, I knew this was true when the first two ticks I saw in 2017 were in February! Typically, we never see ticks in the North East until at least April because the cold weather and snow keeps them away.
Now, that it’s almost May, I’ve seen several more and each time it reminds me that I have to do everything I can to keep ticks out of my yard. Not only does this make it safer for me to walk around my yard without picking any up, but it also prevents my pets from bringing ticks in the house. I do spray myself and my pets with natural repellents, which really helps, but I’m still scared to do much outside because I know they’re lurking in the grass.
When I started researching and experimenting with ways to keep ticks out your yard naturally, I was surprised to find that many of them really do work!
Ticks are real concern for us in the North East because we have such a high rate of Lyme disease. I have many friends that have Lyme disease, some with serious life-long health problems due to it.
So, wouldn’t it be nice to be able to keep ticks out of your yard naturally so you don’t have to worry about picking any up? Well, there are many things you can do to reduce the amount of ticks in your yard and keep them away!
Why it’s Going to Be a Bad Year for Ticks:
Many are predicting that it’s going to be a very bad year for ticks and Lyme disease. According to a biologist at Bard College, the risk for Lyme disease is going to be very high this spring. This is partially due to the mild winter we had as this helped many of the ticks survive.
In the North East, half the ticks you find carry Lyme disease, which can transmit to you when they bite your skin. Not only, can you get Lyme disease, but they can also transmit many other diseases as well.
How to Protect Yourself from the Ticks:
There are quite a few ways to prevent getting ticks on you and your pets naturally. In addition to using the strategies listed below for ways to keep ticks out your yard naturally, you will also want to include these in your regimen, as well, to prevent getting ticks.
1) Use a natural tick repellent on yourself- I spray this homemade tick repellent on my clothes, shoes, and skin before going outside. If you’re not into making your own, here’s a great naturally based repellent you can buy.
2) Use a natural tick repellent on your pets- I use this homemade spray with essential oils. It’s been very effective for my dog who likes to roll around in the grass outside. Here’s a natural one you can purchase if you’re not into making your own.
3) Wear light colored clothing so you can spot them easier and always check yourself and your children, and pets each time you come inside.
4) Take your clothes off when you come inside and immediately put them in the drier on the highest heat setting. Ticks won’t drown in the washer and will survive the cycle. But, they will die after just 5 minutes of being in the drier on a high heat setting. I’d leave the clothes in for a full 15 minutes though, just to be safe.
10 Ways to Keep Ticks Out of Your Yard Naturally
1. Use Plants that Repel Ticks Naturally – There are certain plants you can plant in the ground around your yard that will naturally repel ticks. These include: Lavender plants, garlic plants, lemongrass, chrysanthemums (specifically the pyrethrum variety), sage, rosemary, catnip and beautyberry.
You can plant them around your property borders and around the most used areas in your yard such as near a pool, patio or swing set to keep ticks away from areas you spend the most time at.
2. Get Chickens – This is one I’m testing out this year myself! Chickens naturally eat ticks in your yard among many other bugs and insects. They are great for pest control! I’ve talked with many people that have backyard chickens and let them free range around their yard and they say that they hardly ever see ticks any more.
3. Get Guinea Fowl (type of bird similar to chickens) – Several studies have shown that having guinea fowl significantly reduces the tick population. They eat pretty much any kind of bug/insect they see. According to the University of Connecticut, guineas are effectively used to reduce the deer tick population. Many people get them purely for tick and insect control. This may just be the most effective of all the ways to keep ticks out of your yard naturally, according to research, but you have to be willing to take care of them as new pets, which takes some work.
4. Mow the Grass Very Short and Frequently – Ticks like to hide in long grass, so keeping it short will get rid of their favorite place.
5. Use Cedar Chips – Cedar naturally repels ticks and many other insects too. Put down cedar mulch or cedar wood chips around areas you want to keep ticks away. I put a wide border (about 2-3 feet wide) of cedar all around a small fenced in area I let my dog out to. This creates a safe zone inside the border of cedar wood chips and ticks don’t like to travel across it. So it keeps them out pretty well! If you have a wooded area in your yard, you can make a perimeter border with cedar chips or mulch to separate the wooded area from grass. This will keep the ticks from migrating in to areas you don’t want them to.
6. Get as Much Sunlight as Possible – Ticks love to hide in shaded and moist areas. That’s why there always seems to be an abundance out when it’s a cloudy wet day. Trim or remove brush, trees, shrubs and any other landscaping that creates shaded areas. Also, clear areas of leaf piles, sticks and cut grass. In areas you want to be tick free, try to get as much sunlight to them as possible to keep the ticks away.
7. Use a Natural Perimeter Poison to Ticks – This is one I’ve heard of with great results, but haven’t tried it myself yet. Food Grade- Diatomaceous Earth is very effective for killing ticks. Most often pet owners apply it to their pet’s fur to eliminate ticks. But you can also use it in your yard and on your decks/patio.
Food-grade diatomaceous earth is a fine white powder that consists of fossilized phytoplankton and about 85% silica. It’s non-toxic and many people eat it to get health benefits such as increased collagen, and strengthening nails and bones.
To use it to keep ticks out of your yard naturally, either use it dry or make a spray combining it with water. To use it dry, you can dust it in outdoor carpets such as on your deck to keep ticks away. To use it in grass or other areas, mix about 10 teaspoons of food grade diatomaceous earth in a gallon of water and spray the mixture over any areas you wish to eliminate ticks. I’m going to spray the mixture around my back deck to prevent any ticks from coming on the deck.
I’ve heard of some people spraying it all over their yard to eliminate ticks from their yard.
Hope this helps you get rid of ticks!
About Lori Ryman
Lori Ryman, BS, MS, has been dedicated to researching natural alternatives for the past 15 years. Lori has a background in research methods, health, and nutrition. She started with an Interest in natural alternatives to improve her own health and she continues to share natural DIY projects, recipes and natural alternatives with millions of viewers on treasuredtips.com.
Lori’s research for posts is based on peer reviewed evidenced-based research. Lori is a published author in a peer reviewed research journal. Her work has been covered by MSN, The Huffington Post, wikiHow, The New York Times, and many more.
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