Skin lesions in humans bitten by European pigeon tick Argas reflexus (Fab

Pigeon tick — what is dangerous bird parasite for humans

Contents

Introduction and objective:
The great number of pigeon populations in many European cities promotes the spread of the European pigeon tick (Argas reflexus), the bites of which cause local and systemic reactions. The aim was to study the occurrence of A. reflexus in several cities of Upper Silesia, and skin lesions caused by A. reflexus tick bites in humans.

Material and methods:
The results of investigations carried out in 1995–2002 in five cities located in the Upper Silesian conurbation are presented. Specimens of A. reflexus were collected for one hour in attics and lofts inhabited by these ticks. A history of skin lesions caused by bites was taken from residents who had been infested by A. reflexus. The development of skin lesions was monitored for three months in two individuals who had been bitten several times by these arthropods.

Results:
In the localities, 987 A. reflexus specimens were collected, including 334 females, 269 males, and 384 various nymphal stages. Within one hour, 38–109 ticks specimens were collected at the study sites. Cases of attacks by unengorged A. reflexus were reported in all the habitats located in the residential buildings; the ticks were also found in residents’ flats and in staircases. Residents who had been repeatedly attacked by European pigeon ticks developed a strong inflammatory reaction to the components of tick saliva, and had purple papules with necrosis in the centre of the lesion. The tick bite areas exhibited scars and hyperpigmentation.

Conclusions:
Individuals attacked by A. reflexus several times are at risk of development of severe persistent local reactions to bites. Pigeon ticks, trophically associated with pigeons present abundantly in the Upper Silesian conurbation and other European urban habitats, pose a serious threat to public health.

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Common Parasites in Birds

If recognized early, most parasitic infections in birds can be treated

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Parasites can cause serious health problems in birds, just as they can affect other animals and people. More than just worms or mites, parasites can come in many forms.

It’s important for bird owners to familiarize themselves with the most common parasites that infect pet birds and the symptoms that they cause. Knowing which signs of illness to look for can help you make sure that your pet receives prompt veterinary attention.

Types of Bird Parasites

Here’s a list of some of the most common parasites that infect pet birds and how to recognize them.

Aspergillosis

This parasitic fungus affects a bird’s respiratory system. Caused by the fungus Aspergillus (and frequently shortened to «asper»), this infection is very common in pet parrots, as well as mallards and other ducks in the wild. Captive hawks and falcons are also susceptible to Aspergillosis, particularly when kept in unsanitary conditions.

This fungus is found primarily on decaying matter such as garbage or a compost pile, or in a dirty cage. A bird with Aspergillosis will show symptoms that resemble the human flu, including difficulty breathing, abnormal or unusual droppings (including diarrhea), nasal discharge, eye crustiness, and weight loss.

Treatment of Aspergillosis with antibiotics can be successful if it’s caught early. For a bird with a chronic case of this infection, the prognosis is not good.

To prevent Aspergillosis, keep your bird’s cage clean, wash all fruits and vegetables before feeding them to your bird, and wash your hands before and after handling your bird.

Giardia

This parasite attacks the gastrointestinal tract of a pet bird, and, like Aspergillosis, can be transmitted when a bird eats contaminated food. The symptoms of Giardia in birds, as in people, include severe diarrhea, weight loss, and dehydration. Their droppings, weirdly, may resemble popcorn. Birds infected with Giardia may also display feather-plucking and other signs of itching and may become more vocal.

Giardia is most common in birds of the parrot family, including budgies, cockatoos, cockatiels, macaws, and parrots.

This is a zoonotic illness, meaning an infected bird can pass the infection along to a human, so be careful when handling your pet. Frequent hand washing is one of the surest ways to prevent Giardia transmission.

Sarcocystis

Although less common than other parasites, Sarcocystis is a bird owner’s worst nightmare. These parasites can cause a fatal infection that has a few different varieties. One affects the bird’s neurological system, one causes muscular disease, and a third affects the bird’s lungs and pulmonary system.

Symptoms of Sarcocystis include lethargy, shortness of breath, yellow droppings, tail bobbing, and in extreme cases, a bird may suddenly die. Like Giardia, Sarcocystis also is zoonotic.

Scaly Face Mites

Scaly Face Mites can wreak havoc on a bird’s skin and plumage. This parasitic condition disproportionately affects budgies but can infect canaries and finches as well.

Like the name suggests, this infection displays as white, scaly growths on the bird’s beak, mouth, nostrils, and eyes. There’s also a version of the infection that can cause scaly growths on the bird’s legs.

Birds will lose feathers, and their legs and beaks can appear deformed, sometimes even after treatment. Catching this illness early is crucial to reduce the risk of a bird being permanently scarred. It’s treated by an avian veterinarian with anti-parasitic medications, either via injection or orally.

Preventing Parasitic Infection in Birds

The key to keeping your bird free of parasitic infection is to make sure he has a nutritious diet, so if he does fall ill, his immune system can work to fight off the infection. Make sure his living area is kept clean and free of any mold or other growths. Washing your hands frequently when socializing with your bird is important as well.

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How Dangerous are Pigeon Droppings to Your Health?

The simple truth is the danger varies depending on the specific infestation. However, if you have a pigeon infestation of any size on your home or property, there is a real risk of contracting an illness from their droppings. The safe bet is to deal with your pigeon infestation as soon as possible to remove any risk of illness.

Pigeons can contract and carry many diseases and parasites which do end up in their droppings. When pigeons find a place on your roof or property to call home, they will quickly create a large mess of their own poop.

Typically at least one of two things are going to eventually happen with pigeons living on your property:

1. Pigeons will poop on your roof and mother nature will make sure that waste ends up on the ground, or in your bushes, trees, and plants. This has the danger of possibly getting tracked into your home by you, your family and even pets. This will cause any disease or even parasites in those droppings to end up right in your home.

2. The pigeons will find a comfortable place to nest and usually will just poop in one place. Those droppings will pile up on your roof or a ledge and will cause direct property damage. Droppings are very acidic and can destroy roofing materials and even damage solar panels. If you get a roof leak, rainwater can soak the droppings causing even more property damage. That tainted water will bring everything in their droppings right into your attic and anywhere the leak travels.

Disease or not, I think can we agree that having a bunch of bird poop on your property is just plain gross!

See also:  Are Cockroaches Really That Dangerous?

Speaking of diseases and parasites caused by pigeons, here’s the most common ones you should be concerned with.

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Pigeon tick — what is dangerous bird parasite for humans

a blood-sucking parasitic arachnid ; there are two types, hard and soft. Hard ticks (family Ixodidae) have a smooth, hard cover that shields the entire back of the male but only the anterior portion of the back in the female. Soft ticks (family Argasidae) lack this shield. Ticks are visible to the human eye. A hard tick can be seen on the skin, where it burrows into the outer layer with its knifelike tongue; it must be removed from the skin with care. Soft ticks do not bore into the skin. The two varieties carry different diseases but both thrive in the spring and early summer and inhabit wooded areas, brush, or grass.

Ticks serve as vectors for viruses causing colorado tick fever and some forms of encephalitis and for rickettsiae that cause such diseases as rocky mountain spotted fever and boutonneuse fever . A progressive ascending flaccid paralysis called tick paralysis may follow the bite of certain species, usually Dermacentor andersoni.

Patient discussion about tick

Q. How do people get ticks?

Q. I had a tick to bite me a few days ago now I have a headache on and off and feel nauseous and diarrhea My friend had a stomach virus last week is my symptoms coming from the tick or is it a coincidence

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At Healthfully, we strive to deliver objective content that is accurate and up-to-date. Our team periodically reviews articles in order to ensure content quality. The sources cited below consist of evidence from peer-reviewed journals, prominent medical organizations, academic associations, and government data.

The information contained on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a professional health care provider. Please check with the appropriate physician regarding health questions and concerns. Although we strive to deliver accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee to that effect is made.

How to Get Rid of Bird Mites on a Human

Bird mites, which are also known as pigeon mites and avian mites, are small, eight-legged insects that survive off the blood of warm-blooded animals such as pigeons, cats, and humans. An infestation of bird mites in humans most often begins after squabs, or baby pigeons, leave the nest and the mites must search for a new source of nutrition. If you are suffering from a bird mite infestation, most likely it came from that seemingly innocuous nest sitting outside your window. These mites made their way into your home through a window and are now biting your family and causing irritation, itching and possibly, an infection.

If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.

Shower daily 2. Showering is more effective than lying in a bath, because the mites do not simply die in the pool of warm water. Instead, shower in hot water and use a loofah and Epsom salt to scrub the mites off your body.

Cleanse the body with a mixture bleach and water. Make sure that the bleach is extremely diluted. Mix the ingredients in a spray bottle and use it in the shower, taking care not to spray the concoction in your eyes. Allow the bleach solution to remain on your skin for 30 seconds and rinse your body thoroughly.

Wash your hair with a mixture of vinegar and water. Tea tree oil is also a miticide (mite killer); you can add it to your shampoo. In severe cases women have cut their long hair to stave off the infestation, but this is a worst-case scenario. Wear a shower cap at night to keep the mites out of your hair.

Towel dry your body, and use a spray deodorant that contains the active ingredient Aluminum Chlorohydrate 24 percent, such as Arrid Extra dry. This not only kills mites, but repels them as well. Use this deodorant on your clothing too.

Remove mites from clothing with a lint roller. Change the tape often and dispose of it immediately in an outdoor garbage can. Pull mites from bare skin with duct tape.

Launder your clothing and sheets in hot water. Add ½ cup of ammonia to laundry soap. Wash whites with bleach. Dry your clothing on the hottest setting. You may need to repeat these steps often until you have successfully eradicated the mites from your clothing and bedding.

Warnings

Contact your doctor immediately if you or your family members show signs of infection caused by itching mite bites. These signs include redness, swelling and heat around the affected area.

In rare cases, people have had a severe allergic, anaphylaxis, caused by a mite bite. Symptoms include wheezing, shortness of breath, hives, nasal congestion, nausea, vomiting and dizziness. Seek immediate medical attention if these signs are present.

Bird mites, which are also known as pigeon mites and avian mites, are small, eight-legged insects that survive off the blood of warm-blooded animals such as pigeons, cats, and humans. Instead, shower in hot water and use a loofah and Epsom salt to scrub the mites off your body. Wash your hair with a mixture of vinegar and water. In severe cases women have cut their long hair to stave off the infestation, but this is a worst-case scenario. Dry your clothing on the hottest setting.

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Pigeon droppings health risk — should you worry?

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An infection linked to pigeon droppings was a «contributing factor» in the death of a child at a Glasgow hospital, it has been confirmed.

The child was being treated at the Queen Elizabeth University Hospital when he or she appears to have caught the infection — a fungus called cryptococcus.

The child has not been named. The fungus did not contribute to the death in December of a second patient infected with the same pathogen, say experts.

What is it?

Cryptococcus is a yeast-like fungus that lives in the environment.

It can be found in soil contaminated by pigeon droppings.

How can you catch it?

People can become infected if they breathe it in.

The child who died in December at the hospital in Glasgow had been exposed to the fungus.

Experts say the probable source has been traced to a room on the rooftop of the hospital. Pigeon droppings appeared in the room via a small break in the wall which was «invisible to the naked eye», Scottish Health Secretary Jeane Freeman confirmed.

The hospital says it has put infection control measures in place and no further cases have been reported.

How risky is it?

Most won’t get sick, but vulnerable people with already weakened immunity can get very ill with a chest infection or meningitis.

Expert Prof Hugh Pennington says it is very unusual to see cases in the UK.

«It is common in other parts of the world, particularly tropical parts, in the US and countries like that where they have more problems with this particular kind of fungus. But in the UK, very uncommon.

«There are cases in people who have problems with their immune systems. They’re the people who are at risk with this kind of bug.»

Cryptococcus infection cannot spread from person to person.

How dangerous is pigeon poo?

Breathing dust or water droplets containing contaminated bird droppings can lead to several diseases, including a flu-like illness called psittacosis.

Salmonella — a bacterial infection that can cause diarrhoea — may also be present in some bird droppings.

If you are cleaning up or come into contact with droppings, you should take precautions. Wash your hands and clean any exposed skin before eating, drinking or putting your hands near your mouth.

Likewise, if you are feeding or handling birds, wash your hands afterwards.

If you have a compromised immune system, including from HIV/AIDS or cancer, you should not clean up droppings.

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Pigeon tick — what is dangerous bird parasite for humans

The pigeon louse fly, Pseudolychia canariensis (Macquart), is a common ectoparasite of pigeons and doves. The louse flies (Hippoboscidae) are obligate blood-feeding ectoparasites of birds and mammals. Both adult males and females feed on the blood of their host. They are adapted for clinging to and moving through the plumage and pelage of their hosts. Strongly specialized claws help them cling to the hair or feathers of their particular host species. Pigeon flies retain their wings for their entire adult life. Others species are wingless (like sheep keds) or lose their wings once the newly emerged adults find a host (deer keds).

Figure 1. Dorsal view of an adult female pigeon louse fly, Pseudolychia canariensis (Macquart). Photograph by Karen Wheeler, University of Florida.

See also:  What Should Your Preschool - s Head Lice Policy Be?

Distribution (Back to Top)

This fly is an obligate parasite of birds, especially feral and domestic pigeons and doves (Columbiformes). It is found wherever pigeons are encountered in tropical, subtropical, and temperate areas with mild winters worldwide. It occurs throughout Florida and the Southeastern United States.

Identification (Back to Top)

Pigeon louse flies are brown dorso-ventrally flattened flies that live among the body feathers of pigeons and doves. They are about the same size as house flies (5 to 6 mm head and body length, wings 6 to 7 mm) and are very slow fliers. They have a tough exoskeleton that protects them from being crushed by the grooming host.

Figure 2. Ventral view of an adult female pigeon louse fly, Pseudolychia canariensis (Macquart). Photograph by Karen Wheeler, University of Florida.

Life Histories and Habitat (Back to Top)

Louse flies have a very interesting reproductive strategy. The female produces one larva at a time and retains the developing larva in her body until it is ready to pupate. The larva feeds on the secretions of a «milk gland» in the uterus of its mother. After three larval instars, the larva has reached its maximum size, the mother gives birth to the white pre-pupa which immediately begins to darken and form the puparium or pupal shell. The pupa of the pigeon louse fly looks like a dark brown, egg-shaped seed. The pupa is found in the nest of the host or on ledges where the birds roost. When the fly has completed its metamorphosis, the winged adult emerges from the puparium and flies in search of a host.

Figure 3. White pre-pupa (terminal larval instar which has stopped feeding and immediately begins to form the puparium when it is delivered by the mother), brown pupa and an adult pigeon louse fly, Pseudolychia canariensis (Macquart). Photograph by Karen Wheeler, University of Florida.

Hosts (Back to Top)

This fly is an obligate parasite of birds, especially feral and domestic pigeons (Columba livia) and doves (Columbiformes). Both sexes feed on the blood of the host bird. Theodor (1975) reported that it occurs primarily on pigeons and doves and has been found on many other types of birds in the Old World. He also reported that it only occurs on the domestic pigeon in America. However, it has also been collected from morning doves (Zenaida macroura) in Florida. Pigeon flies very rarely bite humans. Usually it is when a person is handling live pigeons and the flies abandon the birds and land on the person. Occasionally pigeon flies bite people after pigeons have been excluded from a structure. Newly emerged adults that are unable to find a bird host may go to humans in desperation and bite. Pigeon flies cannot survive on humans and are not known to transmit any diseases to humans. Their bites are comparable to stable fly bites and can be a painful nuisance.

Parasites (Back to Top)

Pigeon flies are commonly parasitized by the mite Myialges anchora (Myialgesidae) in the Old World (Theodor 1975) and this mite likely occurs in the Americas. The pigeon fly is the vector and intermediate host for sporozoite production of the protozoan parasite of pigeons, Haemoproteus columbae (Haemoproteidae: Haemosporidia) (Soulsby 1968). This malaria-like parasite has minimal effects on adult pigeons, but can be fatal to young birds.

Bird biting lice in the suborder Ischnocera (Phthiraptera [Mallophaga]) are often found riding on hippoboscid flies. This is a phoretic association and the lice do not feed on the flies. The lice clasp the legs or setae of the fly’s body with their mandibles and hitch a ride to the next bird visited by the hippoboscid fly.

Selected References (Back to Top)

  • Soulsby EJL. 1968. Helminths, Arthropods, and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, MD. p.692
  • Theodor O. 1975. Diptera pupipara; Fauna Palaestina-Insecta I. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem, Israel. 170 pp.

Web Design: Don Wasik, Jane Medley
Publication Number: EENY-307
Publication Date: September 2003. Latest revision: February 2014.

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Is pigeon feces dangerous to touch or breathe?

There is a fair amount of questions surrounding the possible health risks associated with pigeon droppings. The fact is that direct contact like touching pigeon feces with the hands, may in fact pose a small health risk. However, it is only in the context of very large quantities that serious health problems might start to occur. For example, more common household activities such as the cleaning of windows, will not typically result in the exposure to health risks. There are basically three human diseases known to be associated with pigeon feces. These are Histoplasmosis, Cryptococcosis, and Psittacosis.

The first of these diseases, Histoplasmosis, grows in pigeon droppings in soil in the form of a fungus. In a household sense, it is recommended that when cleaning droppings, a person must avoid breathing in some of the fungus. However important to note, is that it is only in cases of very high exposure that infection can occur. The second disease, Cryptococcosis, is another fungal disease associated with pigeon feces that grows in soil across the globe. As for this disease, it is highly unlikely that generally healthy people will become infected- even at high levels of exposure. The third disease called Psittacosis, is a rare infectious disease that primarily affects parrots and other birds such as cockatiels, parakeets and even pigeons themselves. In humans, this bacterial disease is very rare. With less than one human infection case identified each year, most people with good immune systems need not be concerned.

None of the above mentioned diseases associated with pigeon feces are transmittable from one human to another. As can be inferred from the discussion of the various diseases, pigeon feces around workplaces and homes do not pose a serious health risk to the general public. Routine cleaning of droppings such as windows and railings is not problematic as to the advancement of any of these diseases for most people. However, one can never be too careful and there are a few simple provisions that can be taken to further reduce direct contact with pigeon feces. Two good ways to avoid direct contact with pigeon feces include wearing disposable gloves. It’s also a good idea to wear clothes that can be washed after a cleaning session. Other protective type clothing like disposable coveralls, boots, and respirators can also be used for proper protection. In the case of high-powered water hose that is used to strip off dried droppings, it is recommended that dust control measures be taken. One example is covering the area with plastic sheeting. Last but not least, once the structures have been properly cleaned, they should be regularly washed to prevent further accumulation of pigeon feces. Go back to the How to get rid of pigeons home page.

If you need pigeons help, click my Nationwide list of pigeons removal experts for a pro near you.

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Diseases Spread by Pigeons

Pigeons are everywhere and known by a lot of people as ‘rats with wings’. Do pigeons carry diseases? This is a common question people ask themselves when a pigeon flies past them and leaves behind a couple of feathers. And the answer is yes, they are considered vermin and can transmit some nasty diseases.

Pigeon control measures are frequently taken by authorities to try and curb the rapid increase in numbers. Descended from rock doves the feral pigeon has adapted very well to living alongside humans. The problems for disease occur when density levels are very high with droppings and feathers accumulating at roosting sites. These noxious piles contain a few known diseases that can affect humans and are accumulated when bird control methods are not used for either deterrence or total extermination of the pest.In this post, we will talk about what diseases do pigeons carry.

The main pigeon diseases that pose danger to human and other animals health can be devided in three categories: fungal, bacterial, viral. Here is the list of all of the common disease spread by pigeons in the UK:

Histoplasmosis

How Is It Transferred: Histoplasmosis is a fungal disease that can be caught when spores of Histoplasma capsulatum are inhaled. The spores are extremely light and move freely in the air. Histoplasmosis fungus thrives in moist areas, which are rich in organic material like bird and bat droppings. That’s why chicken coops, caves old barns and similar are perfect for the fungus. Its spores can be inhaled while cleaning bird droppings.

Symtoms Of Histoplasmosis:

  • Fever
  • Muscle pain
  • Dry cough
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Chills
  • Rash and joint pain in some people

There are a few types of histoplasmosis infections. People suffering from mild forms of histoplasmosis won’t show any symptoms of infection. The more severe desease varieties symptoms will show from three to seventeen days after exposure. Signs of the illness include flu-like symptoms with chest pains, fever and fatigue among them. Some however can be more serious. Those with weak immune systems can suffer very high fever, blood abnormalities, pneumonia and in a few instances this can be fatal.
If there are any sources of diseases spread by pigeons nearby your home, it’s highly recommended to call professional exterminators immediately.

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Additional info can be found here: Hipstoplasmosis

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Cryptococcosis

How Is It Transferred: Cryptococcosis is also fungal in nature and found at nesting sites with as much as 84% of sites testing positive. Even old dry droppings at abandoned roosts contain the spores of the fungus, which when inhaled, cause the infection.

Symptoms Of Cryptococcosis :

  • Pneumonia-like symptoms
  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing
  • Fever
  • Skin lesions

Like Histoplasmosis, most Cryptococcal infections are mild and many do not show symptoms at all and usually infects people with a compromised immune system, like HIV-positive people or those with very weak immunity. However, some are quite serious. There are two forms of this disease that can be contracted. The generalized form begins when inhaled yeast-like cells cause a lung infection. This then spreads to other areas of the body with the central nervous system usually affected causing meningoencephalitis. Without treatment, it is very often fatal. The second form is very rare causing blisters or ulcers under the skin that resemble acne.

Additional info can be found here: Cryptococcal disease

Psittacosis

Psittacosis is an infectious bacterial pathogen also known as Parrot Fever or ornithosis caused by Chlamydophila psittaci. This can be transmitted to humans when droppings dry out and become airborne.

Symptoms Of Psittacosis:

  • Bloody sputum (mixture of saliva and mucus spit out when coughing)
  • Dry cough
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Head and joint aches
  • Muscle pain, especially in the head and neck
  • Shortness of breath

A very rare but in some cases potent infection with symptoms ranging again from mild flu like illness to full blown pneumonia and even death. With the possibility of many complications, like the swelling of brain tissue occurring during infection, long term damage can also result.

Additional info can be found here: Psittacosis or Parrot fever

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is usually associated with cat faeces. The parasite that causes this nasty disease (Taxoplasma gondii) however can be found in just about every warm blooded creature. Again this disease rarely shows in those who are healthy and strong, as their immune systems keep the parasite from causing an infection. And studies have shown as many as one third of the population carry the parasite. The problems occur in the people with weak immunity and especially pregnant women. Mothers-to-be can transmit the infection to the child.

Symptoms Of Toxoplasmosis :

  • Fever
  • Muscle pain
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Chest pain

Toxoplasmosis can can develop in three types- latent, acute and c utaneous (affecting the skin).

The latent type does not show any visible symptom. When latent form affects the person it causes cysts in the muscle and nervous tissues, forming lesions or tissue cysts in the retinas, brain and alveolar lining of the lungs.

AcuteToxoplasmosis shows the flu-like symptoms from the short ckecklist above and can be often mistaken for Influenza. When people with weak immune systems are infected, they may experience acute headache, poor coordination, seizures, confusion and blurred vision because of severe retina inflamation. Acute cases often result in encephalitis and or necrotizing retinochoroiditis.

CutaneousToxoplasmosis reveals itself in the form of skin problems like roseola (also known as infants rose rash, exanthema subitum, sixth disease, and three-day fever, baby measles) in children under 2 years. Erythema is the second skin rash which might occur as a symptom in people who are infected, also called Bull’s Eye Rash.

Additional info can be found here: Toxoplasmosis

What diseases do pigeons carry that are less common?

The diseases, listed above are among the most common but you should also be familiar with other viruses and bacteria that pigeons transmit and might be harmful for your health.

Candidiasis

Candidiasis is a fungus infection. It’s widely spread by pigeons and affects the skin, mouth and respiratory system of the infected person. The intestines and the urogenital tract gets affected as well. Women go through symptoms and treatment harder as they more like to get their genitals infected by this fungus. Some of the candidiasis’ symptoms are:

  • Exhaustion
  • Need for sugar
  • Breath odour
  • White coat on tongue
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Joint pain
  • Chronic sinus and allergy issues
  • Digestive problems (gas and bloating)
  • Weak immune system
  • UTI

St. Louis Encephalitis

Birds are top carrier of the St. Louis Encephalitis virus. A higher risk of disease transmission is provided y bird species which are abundant in the suburban or urban environment area. Commonly, these are bird species such as pigeons, blue jays, and house sparrows. The initial source of the virus are mosquitoes which bite the birds and then birds transmit the disease through air and droppings to people.Most infections of this virus remain undiagnosed. Some of the symptoms, initially after getting the virus, the symptoms are:

Central nervous system infections may be developed after a treatment:

  • Neck stiffness
  • Confusion,
  • Dizziness
  • Disorientation,
  • Tremors
  • Unsteadiness

Salmonellosis

Often a result of food poisoning, the salmonellosis bacteria is very dangerous and get inside the human body very easily. It can get inhaled along with contaminated air through air conditioners or it can be consumed while eating food that contains it and has not been treated with heat well enough. Some restaurants might also have salmonellosis on the surfaces inside the kitchen which can be transferred to the dining tables. Symptoms of the salmonellosis are:

  • Diarrhea,
  • Fever
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Appetite loss

E.coli

The e. coli is transferred by pigeons via their droppings. The birds get the bacteria after they make contact with excrement of mammals such as cows. Some of the E. coli symptoms are:

  • dehydration
  • abdominal pain
  • fatigue
  • diarrheains
  • nausea
  • vomiting

Ectoparasites

  • Yellow mealworms
  • Bed bugs
  • Chicken mites
  • West Nile Virus

Can you get a disease from touching a pigeon?

You can get a disease from touching a dead pigeon. From touching a live one, you should be safe. However, as we said above, the types of cathing a pigeon disease are: inhaling contaminated air, ingesting contaminated food, touching a dead bird, bite from a pigeon.

You should stay away from their nests, their droppings, feathers, and from dead birds. Do not touch either of these with bare hands. Always have protective gloves or use tools.

Other Ways Pigeon Could Get Infected And Transfer Diseases To People:

There are other ways pigeons can transfer disease, via mosquitoes and other parasites. With winters becoming milder mosquitoes are surviving more and more and rapidly becoming potential killers. By biting a pigeon that is infected with one of the encephalitis viruses, a mosquito can then transmit this to a human by biting them. Although extremely rare at the moment it is entirely possible that the likes of West Nile Fever may become a more common occurrence in the near future.

Prevention Measures:

A pigeon problem may just seem a messy inconvenience at the moment, with only a few instances of the disease reported each year. But as our climate changes and more pathogens are able to survive, it may well be a major concern in the future. With this in mind, authorities are thinking of new ways to combat the rising pigeon population. In some cities, a reintroduction of falcons is underway. As natural predators, they cull the population and also encourage dispersal into smaller groups away from human habitation. Another method on trial in Lowestoft has been to create ideal breeding areas for pigeons away from humans. This has met with success and is being closely monitored by other councils and may be adopted as well.

Disinfection After Pigeon Control

To minimize the risks of disease and contact with harmful pathogens, Panther Pest Control advises you to clean your property thoroughly.

Disinfection comes useful for minor infestation when the traces of the pests are hardly visible but bacteria is still there. Such situations are controlled with the help of an expert cleaner who comes to your home and swipes off all contaminated surfaces with cleaning agents.

In case you can’t get rid of the troublesome pigeons who constantly come at your property, call us for expert control and proofing. Our customer support centre is available 24/7.

www.pantherpestcontrol.co.uk

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