Preventive maintenance and treatment of a pediculosis in house conditions

Preventive maintenance and treatment of a pediculosis in house conditions


Some people have no idea about pediculosis andhead lice never seen before. Those who happened to face them experienced, if not a catastrophe, then a shock, no doubt. On the agenda — just a lot of questions. Where did this infection come from? Where to run for help? How to get rid of this abomination? In order to avoid misfortune by surprise, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with how to treat pediculosis at home, and along the way, also with the characteristics of lice and the diseases caused by them.

Pediculosis: what exactly is it?

The tricky word «pediculosis» is calledtrivial human infection with lice. One nuance is important. Lice can be in animals, but they have nothing to do with people lice. According to the place of parasitism, these creatures are divided into 3 types — pubic, head and ward. The pediculosis caused by them is called, respectively, the pubic, head and dress. Ectoparasites strictly adhere to «their» territory. Under natural conditions (on one person), they never mix, but in the laboratory, when forced to cross, they produce viable offspring. When treating pediculosis at home, you need to bear in mind that the lice are different, and therefore the methods against them are also different. This statement is reliable, since the structure of the legs in each species is such that parasites can use only hairs of a certain section. Head louse — round head hair, pubic — triangular vegetation of the pubis, armpits and other parts of the body, and the wardrobe is not able to exist in the hairline at all.

General features of lice

Despite some differences, lice have manyin common. Thus, in the process of evolution, all species lost their wings, but acquired the ability to quickly move through the body of the victim. On the head of the lice are located highly developed piercing-sucking organs, consisting of two modified lips-stylets and a proboscis with “teeth”. Here comes the salivary gland. Saliva of lice prevents the blood from clotting and it almost always causes itching if it enters the wound. This is the main symptom that “hints” that pediculosis is picked up. Means for treatment it is desirable to choose the least toxic, not causing irritation of the already injured skin. All lice are very responsive to environmental conditions. So, they feel great at +28 degrees. At a temperature of +22 and from +40 about C stops the development of nits, but they do not die, but only fall into anabiosis. Nymphs under such conditions cease to eat. At +10 about With adult individuals leave the host, and at +55 about C and -13 about With perish within 5 minutes. Nits can withstand more extreme temperatures, namely +60 about C and -20 about C. They instantly die at +100 degrees. Without food, parasites live up to 7 days.

Breeding lice

Lice of any kind have males and females. The first is always smaller, their life is two times shorter. The second live up to 40 days, managing to lay up to 140 eggs during this time. In the population, the number of females always dominates. Lice eggs are called nits. Females attach them to the hairs with a rather strong ferrous cement. Home treatment of pediculosis should be based on drugs that kill both adults and nits. Lice eggs are quite large, visible to the naked eye. They vaguely resemble a comma or bags of gray-white color. Live nits are more saturated color, and when pressed emit a characteristic click. The dead are duller, as if empty. It is difficult to remove from the hair and those and others. Each female is able to lay up to 10 eggs per day.

Head lice

The disease is caused by head lice andmanifests itself in the hairy part of the head, eyebrows, beard, mustache. The female head louse reaches 4 mm in length, the male grows to 3 mm. It is possible to get infected only from a patient with a pediculosis of a person when using shared hairbrushes, hairpins, headgear, bedding (pillowcases, pillows) or with close contact, suggesting contact with hair and heads. Most often observed this pediculosis in children. Home treatment is carried out by medical and folk remedies. Any of these should not have serious side effects.

  • persistent itching of the head;
  • a child may become moody, inattentive;
  • eczema, pyoderma, crusts, swelling and irritation of the skin in places combing.

A child can catch lice in a nursery, kindergarten, school, camp, wherever the children interact closely with each other.

Head Lice Treatment

For many parents, this is a catastrophe — a headache.pediculosis in children. Treatment at home will not help, if you do not identify and exclude the source of the disease. Parents without hesitation should report the problem in the children’s institution to check all children in the class or group for head lice. Pharmacies sell many types of shampoos. Not all of them are the same.

“Pedilin” is good because it kills both lice and nits,but has side effects in the form of allergic rashes, nausea, vomiting, seizures. True, all this happens when the funds in the mouth. However, pedilin is not recommended for babies.

«Parasidosis» is sold with a comb for combing dead nits, but is also not suitable for kids.

There are “Nok”, LiceGuard and others. They all have an age limit.

Sprays and other means

Due to the fact that the head is the most common pediculosis, methods of treating a disease are widely developed. In addition to shampoos, there are sprays on sale.

«Nuda» is based on silicone. Getting on the hair, it envelops the lice, preventing them from breathing.

Paranit has a similar effect. The disadvantage of these tools is that they do not act on nits, that is, the treatment must be carried out repeatedly.

Pediculen Ultra kills both eggs and adult parasites, but is not recommended for use in the treatment of children under 5 years of age, pregnant and lactating.

Treatment of pediculosis at home cancarry out ointments (mercury, boric, drug «Knicks»). They are not very convenient to use and have an age limit. Knicks also has side effects.

Very popular comb «AntiV». The only drawback is the high price.

Hats, pillowcases, combs, towels, ribbons of the patient with head lice need to be boiled or steamed. All family members must also be prevented from lice.

Folk methods

Treatment of pediculosis with folk remedies at home before, when there was no such abundance of drugs, was carried out quite successfully. Among them are:

one. Kerosene and any vegetable oil mixed in a 1: 1 ratio. Spread the mixture on the head, cover with a plastic bag. After half an hour, rinse thoroughly, comb out dead nits or pick them up with your hands. The product is effective, but after its use dandruff may appear.

2. Cranberry juice, diluted with water lemon juice, vinegar. Any acidic environment kills adult nits and destroys the shell of the eggs, but causes skin irritation.

3. Tar soap. Means for obtaining the effect must be applied several times.

4. Hair dye.

Rather effective and non-toxic ismechanical effect of hot temperatures (up to 55 degrees). You need to wash your hair and blow-dry them at a temperature that can be tolerated with difficulty. An electric rectifier or electric brush is also used for styling.

Dead nits with hair need to be removed. This is done with a thick comb, and to facilitate the process, balsam, fish oil, and a combing liquid are applied to the hair.

Dichlorvos, dust and lube cannot be used because of the high toxicity of these agents.

Treatment of pediculosis folk remedies (suchas essential oils or decoctions of wormwood) are effective only for the purpose of prevention. Rinse hair with broths, oils are applied on dry strands in the amount of a few drops. Preventive measures include teaching the child not to use other people’s hats, hairpins and hairbrushes. Any other prevention from infection with head lice does not save.

Pubic pediculosis, or ftiriaz

Pubic lice cause the disease. Outwardly, they resemble a minicrab and have a second name — ploshchitsy. Parasites live in the pubic area, in the armpits, on the chest, abdomen, in any part of the body (except the head), where there is suitable hair, even in the auricles, on the eyebrows and eyelashes, in the anus and genitals. Phthyriasis is referred to as venereal diseases, as it is mainly transmitted during sexual intercourse. In this connection, pubic lice in adults is more common. Treatment at home involves the simultaneous treatment against lice sexual partner (wife, husband). Pick up the pubic louse can also be with bedding and underwear, in swimming pools, saunas and massage rooms.

  • severe itching in the area of ​​bites;
  • rash on the abdomen, in the groin, in the armpits, on the thighs, sometimes on the face;
  • blue spots in the field of lice prokus skin due to the reaction of hemoglobin with the parasite’s saliva (they do not disappear when pressed);
  • crusts, vesicles and papules on the skin;
  • Sometimes secondary infections, dermatitis, eczema, pyoderma can start from scratching.

Treatment of phthyriasis

Treatment of pubic lice at homestart with shaving hair (pubis, armpits, mustache, beard). Next, any aerosol or gel with pyrethrin, pyrmetrine, melation (Spray Pax, Pedilin, Medifox) is applied to the body. The tool is left for 30 minutes, then rinse thoroughly. Concentrates «Medifox», «Avicin» are also suitable. When using them, be sure to dilute with water as indicated in the instructions.

At the same time, bedding is boiled andunderwear. After drying, it is ironed and sealed for 3 days. Lingerie (only underwear!) Can be treated with A-Pack aerosol, after which no washing is required.

When treating phthyriasis, eyelashes, eyebrows, and auricles use mercury ointment. It is applied up to 4 times a day for 2 weeks.

Prevention of the disease consists in the rejection of dubious sexual partners and a ban on the use of someone else’s bedding and bed linen.

Ward headache

Disease caused by lice. In humans, they only feed, but live in folds of clothes and in a pile, there they multiply and lay eggs. Male louse grows to a length of 4 mm, the female — 5 mm. In acceptable conditions, parasites live up to 40 days. The female is able to lay about 400 eggs during this time. It is possible to pick up lice only at household contact (use of things of the person infected by them, bed linen). The most likely sites of infection are hotels, trains, hospitals where hygiene standards are not observed. Body lice can carry serious diseases: typhus and relapsing fever, trench fever. Therefore, the most dangerous — it is clothes lice. Treatment and prevention here are directly dependent on the cleanliness of linen, clothing and the human body.

  • severe itching;
  • a rash on the body (abdomen, hips, back, neck, less often chest and underarms);
  • bluish spots in bite spots;
  • the development of furunculosis, folliculitis, pyoderma, eczema, hyper- and hypopigmentation is possible.

Treatment of ward pediculosis

In this disease, the main role is played byhygiene. Clothes, bedding, even soft toys (if any), a bed and preferably the whole house should be carefully handled. Normal washing things in the washing machine is not enough, as the nits of the clothes lice do not die. Treatment of pediculosis with folk remedies consists in boiling everything that can be boiled, followed by prolonged drying in the sun (up to 3 days) and ironing, especially in the area of ​​the folds. The body should also be thoroughly washed, and then wipe the skin with menthol (1%) or carbolic (4%) alcohol. If there are boils, papules, rash, you can use healing ointments. It is good to use for the treatment of clothing (but not the body!) Spray «A-Par». Things in this case do not need to boil.

Another way — handling things cold. Given that lice die at -13 degrees, and nits — at -20, in winter you can hang out the patient’s clothes in the cold. This method is useful when destroying lice on items that are not intended for heat treatment. On the street, things should be about a week, after which they are washed in the usual way.

Prevention is hygiene, regular body washing, washing and ironing.

Misconceptions about lice

Persistent, complex, and most importantly — a reasonable need for such diseases as lice, treatment. Reviews often orient those who have not yet encountered a problem to frequent hygiene procedures.

Misconception 1: infection with head and pubic lice can be prevented by hygiene. Quite the contrary: louses gladly settle on clean heads and bodies, since there it is easier for them to attach nits to their hair. Only body lice can be avoided by using perfectly clean ironed laundry.

Misconception 2: lice jump high. Their limbs are not capable of jumping, so it is impossible to get infected from a lousy person, being with him, for example, in transport, if there is no physical contact (touches).

Misconception 3: lice are transmitted from animals. The structure of animal hair and human hair is different. Lice cats and dogs simply can not use the hair of people, so they never go over them.

Misconception 4: You can get rid of lice, walking without a hat in the cold. Lice do die in the cold, but in a living person the body temperature never reaches critical marks for the parasite. Lice leave only cooling corpses.

Misconception 5: head lice only occur in poor and destitute. These parasites do not care who live on. The difference is that the rich buy money for head lice in pharmacies, less well-off people often use traditional methods, and the poor do not fight lice at all.

Pill Kills Hard-to-Treat Head Lice

Stromectal Pill Beats Malathion in Killing Drug-Resistant Head Lice

March 10, 2010 — Stromectal — a pill containing ivermectin, a drug used to prevent heartworms in dogs — kills head lice that are resistant to first-line treatment better than malathion-based lotion.

The finding comes from a clinical trial sponsored by Merck, which makes the parasite-killing pill.

When children bring home head lice, doctors usually recommend treatment with one of several brands of pyrethroid-based products, such as Elimite, Acticin, Nix, A-200, Licide, Pronto, Pyrinyl Plus, Rid, and Tisit (although a recent study showed that a louse-smothering product called Ulesfia works well). But pyrethroid treatment fails if the head lice have become resistant to the pesticide.

What should you try next? The Merck trial pitted Stromectal against an alcohol-based product containing the powerful pesticide malathion (Prioderm Top).

The study enrolled 812 head lice-infected people from 376 households in the UK, Ireland, France, and Israel. Each household had already tried to get rid of the pests with a pyrethroid product. All the people in each household had an alcohol-based lotion applied to their heads by investigators — and each took a pill — on two occasions seven days apart.

Half the people who got the lotion got the real product and half got a sham product; half those getting pills got real Stromectal and half got an inactive placebo.

On day 15, 95% of patients assigned to Stromectal and 85% of those assigned to Prioderm Top were free of lice.

More patients preferred taking the pill to using the lotion. That isn’t surprising, as the lotion had to be left in the hair for 10 to 12 hours before washing out.

There was one serious adverse event in each group. A 7-year-old girl had a seizure six days after her first dose of Stromectal and was hospitalized, then sent home with a prescription for an epilepsy drug. An 11-year-old girl had a severe headache six days after first application of malathion lotion; she was hospitalized overnight but recovered fully.

«Ivermectin may be a good alternative to malathion when topical insecticide resistance is suspected,» conclude study researchers Olivier Chosidow, MD, PhD, of Pierre and Marie Curie University, Paris.

The Chosidow study appears in the March 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.


Chosidow, O. New England Journal of Medicine, March 11, 2010; vol 362: pp 896-905.

Pediculosis: the best treatments for lice and nits

Due to the fact that medicine does not stand still, such a nuisance as lice can be cured in just a few days. Often used for this shampoo, lotion, ointment. However, they have a common contraindication — the presence of scratching on the head. In this case, pills for pediculosis, which are intended for internal use, come to the rescue.

General information

Lice feed on the blood of people. It turns out that they can be saturated with poisonous substances for them through the blood stream. This is the work of pills, they make human blood unattractive for lice.

And in order for the repellent parasites components to enter the circulatory system, it is necessary to use a specially targeted remedy.

Such drugs harm only the blood-sucking. For humans, they are completely safe, subject to dosage and proper administration. They are quite effective under the condition of a large number of parasites or quarantine measures.

Receiving the following medications successfully fights such troubles as pediculosis:

Therapy with the listed drugs is performed at a dosage of 200-400 mg 3 times a day for the first day. The next day, the dose is reduced by half. Moreover, children are assigned a lower dose, as the children’s body is distinguished by its sensitivity. These drugs are distinguished by their effectiveness. But, in order for them to have the necessary effect, it needs to be repeated, a week later.

In addition to these funds, there is a drug Trimethoprim. However, his reception is not shown by doctors because of his weakness.

We recommend to get acquainted with effective shampoo for lice and nits on our website.

Important! Tablets for pediculosis should be taken according to the instructions or the appointment of a specialist, who must control the treatment. Since these funds have a lot of side effects.

Butadion Use

Butadion belongs to the group of anti-inflammatory drugs. To combat pediculosis, it is taken orally in tablet form. In addition, the drug has an antipyretic, analgesic effect.

This medication has a feature of removing urats, the products of the half-life of parasites. In the Russian market is not available analogues Butadion. It is absorbed through the digestive tract, metabolized by the liver. Most of it is excreted through the urinary system, the smaller — through the intestines.

How to apply

Butadion is applied inside with a small amount of water, after a meal. It is usually appointed when an outbreak of pediculosis begins in a team or when it is not possible to use outdoor insecticides for therapeutic purposes.

The drug has a fairly serious anti-pediculosis systemic effect. It contributes to the destruction of head lice and body type lice, killing them after a single use. The following appointment of Butadion is usually used:

  1. In the outbreaks of a pediculosis outbreak, the drug is taken at 0.15 g. Four times a day for 2 days. The blood maintains its toxic effects even within a week. If necessary, the therapeutic course can be repeated after 2 weeks, subject to the supervision of a physician.
  2. Treatment of pediculosis in children younger than 4 years old Butadion is contraindicated.
  3. For children up to 7 years of age, the drug is prescribed with a dosage of 0.05 g three times for 2 days.
  4. Children up to 10 years of age are given Butadion by 0.08 g three times within 2 days.
  5. For children who have reached 10 years old, the medicine is given at 0.12 g 3 times a day for 2 days.

Repeated administration of Butadion is indicated because this drug does not adversely affect the larvae. After the time has elapsed, they hatch and, if not re-administered, lice infection may occur again.

Along with taking the drug, it is recommended to comb the nits with a special comb.that can be treated with insecticides.

Moreover, combing the larvae of lice is best done on wet hair, not treated with conditioners and masks. As the last means envelop nits, thereby worsening the process of combing.

Additional measures

Treatment of lice Butadion must be combined with hygienic measures. To prevent re-infection, it is necessary to treat insecticides with hairpins, hairbrushes, bows, collars, hats, scarves, glasses, washcloths. Since they may remain unnoticed nits that can live without a human body for a week.

If insecticidal treatment is not possible, then the item must be ironed, boiled or placed in quarantine conditions. To do this, the item should be tightly packed in a plastic bag for 2 weeks. During this time, the hatched larvae will die. Bed linen should be changed as often as possible. Boil, wash with powder at maximum temperature, iron.

Blankets, pillows to freeze in the cold or fry in the sun for 2 days. At what temperature lice and nits die, you will find on our website.

Attention! During elimination of lice with the help of Butadion, it is prohibited to use rinses, hair conditioners.


Butadion has a large number of contraindications.which are characteristic of drugs belonging to a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory group. This is the presence of:

  • gastrointestinal erosions and ulcers,
  • intestinal, gastric bleeding,
  • combination of nasal polyposis, aspirin intolerance, bronchial asthma,
  • pulmonary insufficiency
  • heart failure
  • cardiopulmonary failure, which is in the decompensation stage,
  • exacerbations of liver and kidney diseases,
  • liver failure
  • renal failure
  • postoperative arterial bypass surgery,
  • hyperkalemia,
  • third trimester of pregnancy
  • children under 4 years.

In these conditions, it is completely contraindicated to carry out the elimination of lice with Butadion. And yet, there are situations where, in case of urgent need, the drug can be taken while being careful. Relative contraindications are:

  • elevated blood bilirubin,
  • diabetes,
  • bleeding disorder,
  • heart ischemia
  • connective tissue pathology,
  • chronic alcoholism,
  • stomatitis,
  • peripheral vascular disease.

Relative contraindications for the treatment of pediculosis Butadion is a long-term therapy with other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antidepressants, hormonal drugs.

A cautious approach is required during a period of exacerbation of chronic diseases. In this case, the treatment is carried out under the strict supervision of a physician with the minimum dosage of butadion. In the presence of exacerbations required mandatory cancellation of the drug.

Side effects

With the incorrect use of Butadion, side effects may develop, manifested in the form of violations of various systems and organs. The digestive tract can react with the appearance of:

  • nausea
  • heartburn
  • vomiting
  • impaired stools that may manifest constipation, diarrhea.

A large dosage of butadion can cause gastrointestinal bleeding, stomatitis, and impaired liver function.Reactions of the cardiovascular system are manifested by increased blood pressure, tachycardia, nervous system:

  • dizziness
  • depressed
  • sleepiness
  • overexcitement
  • headache.

The hematopoietic system reacts to the increased use of Butadion:

  • anemia,
  • leukopenia,
  • thrombocytopenia,
  • agranulocytosis.

The sense organs cause a decrease in the acuity of hearing, the occurrence of tinnitus. An overdose develops an allergic reaction in the form of:

Attention! If you increase the recommended dose, then the overall reaction of the body may manifest increased sweating. In order to avoid undesirable effects from taking pills against lice, they should be taken after consulting a doctor and in their prescribed dosage.

Drug cost

Butadion tablets are an affordable means for the general population. Their price for a package containing 20 tablets in online stores varies within 144 p. The average cost of the drug in pharmacies in Russia is 160–180 p.

For the treatment of pediculosis, the whole family will need to purchase one package of the drug. It is quite economical, especially since it does not require the simultaneous use of shampoos, ointments, creams, lotions and other anti-pediculosis drugs.

Advantages and disadvantages

Oral medications that are used for the extermination of lice have several advantages, which include:

  • long preservation of the result
  • no negative effects on the skin, since there is no direct contact with the epithelium,
  • profitability, since it does not require the simultaneous use of external funds from lice,
  • in order to get rid of parasites, it will be enough to take two tablets of the chosen drug,
  • the ability to fight under the condition of an epidemic of pediculosis
  • the feasibility of treating large numbers of lice and nits,
  • possibility of admission in the case when drugs for external use are contraindicated. Most often this occurs in the presence of wounds, inflammatory foci.

The disadvantages of using Butadion and other lice pills include:

  • the impossibility of treatment for persons suffering from renal, hepatic, heart failure,
  • a large number of contraindications
  • in case of overdose, side effects are possible,
  • inability to use in children under 4 years old,
  • inability to treat pregnant women.

Turns out that This form of chemical agents is used when it is not possible to use external agents. Despite a number of positive aspects, these drugs should not be used without a doctor’s prescription. This is especially true for children.

There are many tools to get rid of head lice. Prescription pills for these purposes should be carried out by a doctor who will help you choose the appropriate dosage.

Learn more about pediculosis thanks to the following articles:

Useful videos

Lice and scab — School Doctor Komarovsky.

Head lice. How to get rid of uninvited guests?

Modern pediculicides

Lice and their nits have excellent adaptability to changing conditions, multiply rapidly and grow rapidly. Therefore, the destruction of parasites is associated with certain difficulties. But modern chemistry successfully copes with the existing task, and pharmacies offer a wide range of drugs that help in the infection.

The active ingredients of the means to get rid of lice and nits can be different. The most common are:

• benzyl benzoate,
• boric ointment,
• butoxide,
• permethrin,
• Malathion,
• Phenotrin,
• clearol oil,
• Chemica tincture,
• Ylang-ylang and lavender oils.

You can also find combination drugs that include several active ingredients or have a neurotoxic effect. For example, permethrin with malatiol and piperonyl butoxide.Or pyrethrin reinforced with vinegar.

Classification pediculicides drugs

Pediculosis, depending on the type of insect that caused it, is divided into head, pubic and dressing. This point should be taken into account when selecting a remedy for lice control: not all drugs are equally effective for different insects.
In addition, you need to decide in what form the drug will suit you best.

Protivopedikuleznye products are produced in such forms:
• Aerosols and sprays.
• Shampoo.
• Ointments, creams, gels.
• Lotions.
• Tablets.

Each option has both advantages and disadvantages. Before using any of them, it is imperative to do a test for allergic manifestations: apply a little of the selected composition to the skin and wait 2 to 3 hours, keeping track of the epidermis and overall health.

See also:  What to do after a tick bite, Competently about health on iLive

Healing Shampoos

Pediculosis remedies in shampoos are convenient to use. It must be remembered that they are produced for different purposes — preventive and therapeutic, this point needs to be clarified when buying. Usage includes the following steps.

• Combing hair.
• Applying shampoo and distribution over the entire length of hair.
• Covering with plastic wrap for the time recommended by the instructions. Polyethylene creates an additional barrier, and disposal is faster.
• Flushing away.
• Rinsing the hair with a weak solution of vinegar.
• Combing parasites and their nits (eggs) with a frequent comb.

Without the last procedure, insect shampoo will be ineffective. Nits will remain on the hair, and a week later relapse of pediculosis will begin.

After the procedure it is recommended to wash the thick hair with ordinary shampoo, for example, Botanicals.

The following list will help determine the choice of this type of tool.

• “Nok”. The active component is permetin, the product is suitable for children from 2 years. Aging time is 30-40 minutes. A well ventilated room is required.

• «Pedilin.» Malathion is the basis. It is cheap, high efficiency, applied for 10 minutes. It has a clear, not very pleasant smell. Allowed for use from 2 years. For the final destruction of parasites require 2-3 treatments.

• Hygia. Works with any pediculosis. It is made on the basis of permethrin. The procedure time is 20 minutes. Not recommended for children under 5 years. Re-processing is allowed no earlier than a week later.

• «Paranit». Country of origin is Belgium. A holding time of 10 minutes is allowed for the treatment of children older than 3 years; in half of the cases, complete removal of lice and nits occurs from the first application.

• “Veda 2”. Age limit — 5 years. Shampoo is effective against head parasites and their nits. Processing takes 10 minutes, the drug has a softening effect on the epidermis. In the case of high contamination re-use is carried out after 10 days.

• «Knicks». Made in Germany, the price is high. It is suitable for the treatment of lice in babies from 6 months.

nyx lice cream

• «Nit Free». Made from natural ingredients, able to get rid of lice in one procedure, allowed for use by pregnant women and for the treatment of babies by the year.

Pharmaceuticals offers other shampoos for parasitic insects and their eggs — nits (for example, Sumitrin or Headring). When purchasing any drug, it is strongly recommended that you carefully study the instructions, especially the section on restrictions on use.

Sprays and aerosols

They are no less popular than the previous ones. Their use is even simpler: the product is sprayed, after a certain period of time it is washed off, combing is carried out. Prohibited for use by people with a diagnosis of «bronchial asthma.»

Such sprays are recognized as effective.

• “Couple Plus”, France. Effective from all types of insects. Processing time 10 minutes, allowed to use from 2.5 years.

• “Avalanche”.Economical: a bottle is enough to treat a family of 4 people. Additional properties: moisturizing the skin, accelerating the healing of scratches, facilitate the selection of nits. Age limit 2 years. Aging time is 30 minutes.

• Pediculen Ultra. Effective against all varieties of lice and nits. Processing takes half an hour. Contraindications: pregnancy, lactation, age up to 5 years.

• «Paranit». A holding time of 15 minutes, allowed for use from 3 years. In the opinion of consumers, it is effective, but it has a significant drawback — excessive fat content, which is why there are difficulties with flushing.

Lotions, emulsions and solutions

This category includes all formulations that do not foam or spray. Users have approved the following tools.

• “Paranit Sensitiv”. It can be used during pregnancy and lactation, as well as suitable for the treatment of insects in children older than a year. They cover their hair to a state of complete moisture, and after rubbing it into the skin for 8 hours. Hair covering is not required. After application does not remain stains, it is easily washed off, facilitates disposal of insects. The only negative is the high price.

• Medilis Bio. The advantages are short processing time (10 min.) And effectiveness at any stage of development. In the disadvantages — the need for rinsing with a solution of vinegar.

• «Full Marx.» Smell is present, but not unpleasant or obtrusive. The procedure lasts 10 minutes, the composition may leave traces on the clothes. One bottle is enough for 3 treatments.

• Medifox. Universal against all kinds. Needs dilution with water according to the instructions. Soak on the hair for 20 minutes.

• “Handicap plus.” It belongs to the budget category of funds, kills insects in 10 minutes. Along with the destruction of lice helps eliminate dandruff. Also in this regard is good «Foksilon» or «Lindane.» Another concentrated formulation with efficacy is Avicin.

• “Dimethicone” is used to mitigate and reduce itching from bites.

External remedies for lice infestation are not used if the infected patient has dermatological diseases or injuries of the skin. They may also be banned in case of pronounced allergic reactions or certain pulmonary pathologies. In this case, you have to resort to treatment with pills. Such therapy may also be needed in situations where other treatment regimens have not yielded the expected results. The final extermination of lice is usually observed 15 days after the start of the use of the drug.

Tablets for lice and nits have a number of contraindications.

• Pregnancy of any period.
• Lactation.
• Pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, especially during exacerbations.
• Some diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
• A number of pathologies of the excretory system.

The treatment of pediculosis with the medication method is carried out exclusively on prescription of the doctor and always under his supervision.

«Butadion» tablets

«Butadion» is listed by doctors as a group of anti-inflammatory drugs. To combat lice «Butadion» taken orally. In addition, «Butadion» also has an analgesic and antipyretic effect.

It removes urates, half-life products of lice. «Butadion» is absorbed in the digestive tract, and the liver metabolizes it. Most of it is excreted by the urinary system, the rest by the intestine.

«Butadion» take with water, after a meal. As a rule, «Butadion» is prescribed in the event that an outbreak of the disease has occurred in the team as well as in the event of the impossibility of using any external insecticide.

«Butadion» has a systemic anti-pediculosis effect. Contributes to the extermination of head and body lice, destroying them after the first use. If necessary, the therapeutic course of «Butadion» is repeated after two weeks (under the supervision of the attending doctor).With caution and in small doses, prescribe «Butadion» for children (older than 4 years).

Repeated reception of «Butadion» is made for the reason that it does not kill the larvae of lice. They hatch, and infection can again be.

Together with taking the tablets «Butadion» you need to comb out the nits with a comb, which is treated with insecticides. During the use of «Butadion» it is prohibited to use ordinary rinses, conditioners.

Butadion also has contraindications. You can not use «Butadion» for people with erosion and gastrointestinal ulcer, with intestinal and gastric bleeding, bronchial asthma. It is not recommended to use «Butadion» in case of intolerance to aspirin, in case of pulmonary and heart failure, exacerbation of renal and hepatic ailments, hyperkalimia.

Relative contraindications of the use of “Butadion” are diabetes mellitus, elevated bilirubin in the blood, poor blood clotting, cardiac ischemia, chronic alcoholism, stomatitis. «Butadion» is contraindicated in case of long-term use of other anti-inflammatory substances, antidepressants, hormonal medicines.

Cautious reception «Butadion» is made during periods of exacerbations of chronic ailments. In any case, the use of «Butadion» is made under the supervision of a dermatologist (or pediatrician — in children’s cases). With exacerbations requires the abolition of the reception «butadion».

All ways of getting rid of insects work only when accompanied by their thorough combing. It is not required only on condition that the patient agrees to shave bald.

Many products are supplied complete with combs, specially made for the selection. If this equipment is not provided by the manufacturer, a thick comb should be purchased at the pharmacy.

In principle, lice can be defeated by combing alone. This technique has undeniable advantages:

• Absolute harmlessness. The method is suitable for children of any age, during pregnancy and lactation, with diagnosed chronic systemic diseases.
• Extreme low cost. Even a person who is seriously limited in money can buy a scallop.
• Means to fight is a reusable tool.

However, there are significant drawbacks here without ancillary equipment.

• It is practically impossible to carry out the procedure on your own. Especially with long hair.
• Serious time is required, from 1 to 2 hours daily, for 7-10 days.
• 100% result is not guaranteed.

Therefore, doctors recommend nevertheless to supplement the procedure with an anti-pediculosis agent.

And for the fight against lice is used hair dryer. Steam temperature of 50-55 degrees, aimed at the strands, has a paralyzing effect on the lice. After applying the dryer, it remains to work with a comb to remove the lice from the strands.

Folk remedies

A wide selection of pharmaceutical compositions for insects does not make the old lice-fighting recipes less popular. If you prefer purely natural methods, popular recommendations will be useful to you. Just remember that they require repeated use. Here are the most popular compositions.

• Salt with vinegar. A vodka spoon is poured into a glass of liquid (it is better to take apple or wine vinegar) and 45 g of ordinary salt is poured. After dissolving with the compound, gauze is soaked, which wraps the scalp all day long. When the compress dries, it should be updated with a solution. Final disposal of the problem will require several treatments.

• Tincture of elecampane. The grass requires fresh and whole, with a root. It is chopped, boiled water is poured (a liter of water is required per 5 tablespoons of raw materials), an hour is drawn by wrapped up or in a thermos. After filtering the infusion is distributed over the skin and hair, after 10 minutes. head rinsed thoroughly. The repellent treatments are carried out 5-7 days before the final destruction.
• Geranium oil.It is added to any hair product — balms, masks, conditioners — which you need to use as usual. One portion of balm — 3-4 drops of oil. Add until the insects disappear.

• Mint and pomegranate. 2 tbsp. l Herbs are poured with a glass of natural pomegranate juice and boiled for 10 minutes. on minimal heat. After cooling and straining, the composition is rubbed into the hair and skin for half an hour, then the head is washed in the usual manner. The procedure is carried out every 5 days until symptoms are eliminated. In addition, lemon and sodium chloride (softening) can be used.

• Old-fashioned recipes recommend using turpentine, kerosene, gasoline, dust, tar soap to get rid of lice. For the cure used angelica — seeds and foliage, ledum. Bird cherry can also have an insecticidal effect.

Means from parasitic insects for children

Children are especially vulnerable to infection with hair insects and at the same time they are the most difficult patients, since they are more susceptible to allergization and poisoning. Doctors recommend the following.

• “Nuda” based on clearol oil.
• “Pediculen-ultra”, in which the active ingredients are an anise extract, enhanced by capric acid.
• “Avalanche”, it contains laevod oil and ylang-ylang oil.
• Effective American liceguard.

The last 2 remedies affect most gently, for example, liceguard. Drugs, including permethrin, and drugs of the combined composition very often provoke the occurrence of allergic reactions. Their use should be avoided at least up to 3 years of age. The compositions have a serious irritating effect on the epidermis, so for therapy in preschoolers and children of primary school age are not recommended. Melationovy theoretically allowed to apply from 2 years, but pediatricians believe that they are too toxic for children.

Lice for pregnant women

Note that most medications can be used to eliminate head lice in pregnant women — they do not enter the systemic circulation, which means they cannot harm the fetus. The clause in the instructions, indicating the undesirability of the use of funds by pregnant women, was introduced only because manufacturers do not wish to pay for expensive and not too ethical tests on this topic.

In this case, future mothers still should refrain from using those on which there is no exact indication that they are allowed for use by pregnant women. Many products have a bright aroma, may initiate the development of allergies or irritate. All these manifestations have a negative effect on the general well-being of the future mother. Doctors recommend to opt for compositions with the most mild effect: «Nittifor», «Pair Plus», «Nyuda», «Lavinal». Under a categorical prohibition are those whose composition includes benzyl benzoate.

What is the most effective means?

Combined compositions and mixtures with malate, permethrin and oils, as well as chemical tincture are recognized as the most effective. These components kill insects at all stages of development — adult lice, matured larvae and eggs. However, hellebore is not recommended because of its toxicity to children and women during pregnancy and lactation.

For therapy, it is desirable to choose based on essential oils. They are no less effective, but safer.

Phenotrin formulations are less effective. They kill adults and larvae, but practically do not affect nits. Therefore, it will be necessary to re-process. On the other hand, compounds with these active substances are quite safe for the human body.
Boric has the smallest effect in the fight against illness. It makes sense to use it only in the absence of other options.

Tips and tricks: what to consider when selecting

When buying, it is recommended to stop at Nettifore, if you also have a problem with fleas and ticks. All insects will disappear after a single use.

If the disease is found in a very young child, the most suitable «Parasidosis +». Its use is allowed from 3 months of age.
Patients who wish to minimize the harm done during treatment can recommend “Paranit”.

Everyone needs to know this.

According to physicians, in general, in the world recorded an annual increase in diseases of the population of pediculosis. The reason for this phenomenon is the doctors believe the biological properties of lice (Latin Pedikula), as well as an increase in the migration process. In addition, head and body lice can transmit infectious diseases. As a rule, more than half of the affected are children (almost all of them are pupils of schools and boarding schools). It should be remembered that defeat is possible through close contact through a hat, a comb (head louse), through bed linen, clothing (wardrobe lice), infection is possible in various places where people stay together: at the station, in public transport, on the train, that is where there are conditions for the transition of lice from an infected person to a non-infected person.


There are 3 types: head, pubic, wardrobe.

• Heads live on the scalp hairs.
• Wards spend a lot of time in clothes, and parasitize on the human body only periods of a few minutes. Most of these lice can be found in places of seals, seams, folds of clothing.
• Pubic lice affect the integument of the perineum, eyebrows with eyelashes, armpits.

Lice breed by laying eggs, which are kept on the roots of hair with the help of sticky excretion. After a few days, lice larvae appear, which after a few weeks develop into full-fledged individuals. The duration of the existence of insects on the human body — from one to two months, outside the body of the «owner» — up to a week.

Main manifestations

• Itching in bite areas.
• Small, bluish or gray spots on the dermis, erythema.
• Combing and pustular diseases.
• The presence of louse eggs on the scalp.

If you have found such symptoms in a baby, you should contact the health facility for advice, and also isolate the child from other children. As well as to treat the scalps with an anti-food composition and to check for nits and lice of other family members.

The composition and packaging of the drug

What components are contained in the preparation «Butadion»? Tablets include an active substance such as phenylbutazone. Also in the composition of the drug are: potato starch, primelloza, magnesium stearate, sodium bicarbonate, talc and silicon dioxide.

The drug «Butadion» (pills) goes on sale in blisters, which are enclosed in cardboard packaging.

Pharmacodynamic characteristics of the drug

Are you aware of what constitutes a drug such as «Butadion»? Reviews of specialists report that it is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent that has antipyretic and analgesic effects.

The effectiveness of this tool is related to its ability to suppress the activity of cyclooxygenase. As a result of this effect, prostaglandin synthesis is slowed down.

The medication in question enhances the reabsorption of salts and water in the tubules of the kidneys. It also eliminates pain syndromes and reduces swelling, which often accompanies inflammatory processes.

How is the therapeutic effect of the drug «Butadion»? Tablets reduce pain in the joints (when moving and at rest), and also restore their mobility or increase range of motion.

The anti-inflammatory effect of this remedy is in many ways superior to that of the similar drug Amidopyrine.

With gout, this medication doubles the secretion of urate along with urine, and also reduces their amount in the blood.

It should also be noted that the drug «Butadion» (tablets), the instructions for use of which are included in the package along with blisters, reduces pain and signs of inflammation in thrombophlebitis (postoperative and hemorrhoidal veins).

Tablets rid of pediculosis — a myth or reality?

Fans of such treatment claim that the lice Butadion acts magnificently, namely, it makes human blood unsuitable for parasites, which is why they quickly die of starvation or scatter immediately. Even from nits, this tool helps, in the opinion of these people (not doctors, notice). Is it so?

In fact, the above-described drug does not have such an effect, therefore, it is useless to use it for pediculosis! It is not a non-pediculosal, but a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, in which the main effects are:

The drug is available in the form of ointment intended for external use, as well as in the form of tablets for oral administration. The price of the drug varies from 50 to 150 rubles, depending on the number of tablets and the form of release.

Kinetic features of the drug

Where is Butadion (tablets) absorbed? The instruction reports that the high absorption of this drug comes from the digestive tract. Its bioavailability is about 87-90%, and the maximum concentration in plasma is observed 60-150 minutes after administration.

From the blood, the drug gradually passes into the tissues and organs, and also penetrates into the cavities of the joints and through the blood-brain barrier.

The metabolism of this agent is carried out in the liver. Its half-life is 19-25 hours. Displays medication through the kidneys and through the digestive tract.

So why, then, began to use the medicine against head lice?

If people started using Butadion for lice, then there’s really some point to it. In fact, an anti-inflammatory drug can really get a beneficial effect for a person who wants to get rid of blood-sucking parasites. And what is the effect, what will help a drug that was not originally intended for such purposes?

As is known, pediculosis is accompanied by additional unpleasant symptoms in the form of:

  • itching and irritation
  • puffiness
  • burning sensation
  • inflammation of the skin, etc.

All these symptoms occur due to scratching the bite spots. Small bloodsucking bugs constantly bite, creating terrible discomfort, which even an adult can withstand is difficult, but I keep silence about children.

People suffering from pediculosis, quickly combing the skin of the head, because of what it appears real wounds and abrasions, inflamed and painful.

It is from wounds and abrasions to help get rid of the above preparation with anti-inflammatory action.

By the way, in the list of indications for use of this medicine there is a similar item: “dermatological diseases”.

Thus, we conclude that the lice butadion cannot be considered the main therapeutic measure, but it can be used as an adjuvant against inflammation of the scalp.

If you are going to try, please note that the drug is very serious, very toxic, can provoke various side effects. Do not take anti-inflammatory drugs without first consulting a doctor!

Indications for taking pills

In what cases is prescribed the drug «Butadion»? Tablets effectively manifest themselves in the treatment of:

  • ankylosing spondylitis,
  • osteoarthritis,
  • psoriatic arthritis,
  • rheumatoid and lupus arthritis,
  • bursitis and tendovaginitis,
  • gouty arthritis
  • algomenorrhea,
  • postoperative pain syndrome
  • toothache and headache.

Also, this medication is used to relieve discomfort with neuralgia, burns and radiculitis.

Tablets or ointment: what to choose?

It is more convenient to apply ointment from the head and pubic lice, since it acts directly on the problem areas, and it is safer because the ointment does not act systemically (on the entire body).

However, sometimes in the treatment of pediculosis, it is recommended to take the drug in the form of tablets. What is better in your particular case, the doctor will say.

Instructions for use

If you are prescribed an ointment, then you need to treat the inflamed areas of the scalp according to the instructions (1-2 times a day). It is not desirable that the ointment gets into open wounds (on which there is no crust yet), otherwise it will penetrate into the bloodstream and then it will act systemically.

Tablets, in turn, are taken three times a day at 0.2-0.4 g. The amount of the active substance in the tablets may be different, so check this information with the pharmacy worker or refer to the instructions.

It is impossible to use anti-inflammatory drugs for more than a week (for some diseases, the duration of therapy can be increased, but such decisions cannot be taken independently). Dosages and treatment can only be changed by the attending specialist.

Side effects after taking pills

Taking Butadion tablets can cause the following systemic reactions:

  • nausea, abdominal pain, dyspepsia,
  • vomiting, aphthous stomatitis, heartburn,
  • ulceration of the gastrointestinal mucosa, diarrhea, tinnitus,

  • gastrointestinal bleeding,
  • gingival bleeding and hemorrhoidal,
  • high blood pressure
  • liver failure,
  • headaches, anemia, depression, leukopenia, dizziness,
  • drowsiness, agranulocytosis, agitation, thrombocytopenia.

Side effects from the blood require the abolition of the drug and refer to a specialist.

The retention of water and sodium in the body, associated with taking Butadion, markedly worsens the condition of patients with hypertension and CHF. This point also requires an adjustment in treatment.

Patient reviews about the drug

Now you know what the price for the drug «Butadion» is. Tablets are inexpensive, but with regard to reviews, they will be presented below.

Analyzing the responses of patients about this drug, we can safely conclude that it effectively manifests itself in any joint and muscle pain. But, in addition to positive reviews, patients often make negative reports about him. According to them, Butadion tablets often cause complications on the part of the digestive tract and blood. In this regard, most doctors recommend not taking this medicine and replace it with a safer drug.

Classification of essential drugs against lice and nits

Medicines for the treatment of lice contain powerful insecticides and / or plant components that negatively affect the process of feeding, reproduction of insects and their larvae at different stages of development.

Principles of operation

The therapeutic effect of anti-pediculosis drugs depends on the main active ingredient. Most medications disrupt the transmission of nerve impulses of bloodsuckers, causing paralysis and death of lice.

Medicines with dimethicone and essential oil extracts clog the respiratory system, which also causes the rapid death of the parasites.

General classification of protivopedikuleznyh drugs depending on the main ingredient

Shampoos, creams, sprays from the pharmacy

Protivedikuleznye drugs produced in the form of emulsions, shampoos, creams, sprays and tablets. Do not do in the fight against bloodsuckers and without any special scallops with small teeth.

Shampoos are the most popular products, suitable for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. They are not difficult to apply, no preliminary preparation is required.

Most of them are safe for children, ideal for killing bloodsuckers on long and thick curls.

List of effective anti-pediculosis shampoos

  1. Veda and Veda-2 — shampoos contain permethrin, as a part of the updated version there are emollient ingredients. After application, keep the agent for 10 minutes, but numerous reviews indicate that the drug begins to act only after half an hour.
  2. Paranit — safe remedy based on a silicone derivative. Apply shampoo with light rubbing movements, rinse off after a quarter of an hour.
  3. Pedilin — The best drug for the treatment of children over 2 years old, contains malathion and tetramethrin. Use as a regular shampoo, after applying it can be washed off after 3 minutes, but it is better to wait a quarter of an hour.

Aerosol preparations are easy to apply and wash off, but they have a significant drawback. Due to the fine consistency of the drug particles penetrate into the nose and throat, so they can not be used for asthma and other serious diseases of the respiratory system.

Pair Plus is one of the most effective anti-pediculosis drugs. He contains 3 active ingredientsalready valid after 10 minutes. The tool can be used to kill any type of lice.

Pedikulen Ultra — spray contains anise oil and alcohol base, has a moderate degree of toxicity. Therapeutic effect is observed after half an hour after application.

Full Marks — inexpensive means, contains 2 active ingredients, complete with spray comes a special comb for combing.

Means should treat dry hair, remove rows under the bag and kerchief, hold for 15–20 minutes, comb out dead parasites and rinse the strands with warm water. After removing the drug, you can not use a hairdryer, apply balsams and masks on the hair.

Ointments against pediculosis are presented on the market in a small assortment, since such products are not particularly popular for a number of reasons. They are difficult to apply evenly and hard to wash off.

But an important advantage is the low cost.

Ointments to fight lice:

  1. Nittifor — effective drug contains permethrin, has a strong unpleasant odor. Can be used to treat children who have already turned 5 years old.
  2. Nix — contains permethrin in the minimum dosage, has no age limit.
  3. Lauri — One of the best medicines for getting rid of pubic bloodsuckers.

What is the secret of efficiency?

As you know, lice feed on human blood. Consequently, it is possible to saturate them with destructive and repulsive substances through the blood. And in order for these substances to enter the bloodstream, you need to take a special drug.

Such drugs are toxic only for parasites. For humans, they are absolutely safe if you follow the dosage and take it correctly. There are advantages to oral medications:

  • to get rid of parasites, two doses of the drug are enough,
  • the result lasts a long time
  • such medicines do not affect the condition of the skin, as they do not come in contact with it,
  • they can be taken in cases where the means for external use are contraindicated (for example, if there are sores or inflammations on the epidermis).

And what are these lice pills so convenient and effective? The following are the names of the best oral medications that are suitable for adults and for children. Despite this, do not self-medicate, always consult a doctor first!

The best medicines for oral administration

  • Butadion,
  • Levamisole,
  • Albendazole.

At the moment in the pharmacies the easiest way to find the first drug — Butadion. It costs up to 300 rubles, it is considered the safest, and therefore is popular.

What kind of medicine for lice and nits to choose? This question will be answered by the attending specialist, and also he will select the treatment and dosage regimen.

How do I take oral medications against head lice?

Dosages are selected individually for each patient.But often the drugs with the above names are prescribed 200-400 mg three times a day for the first time, and then the dosage is reduced.

Of course, for children, the dosage will be minimal, since the children’s organism is more susceptible and sensitive.

Drugs in pill form are taken at weekly intervals. The fact is that the adult parasites, namely the blood-sucking, they will act, but the nits will not do anything until the larvae come out of the eggs and begin to eat.

That is why the treatment is repeated. But two courses will be enough in any case, regardless of the severity of lice.

To increase the effectiveness of therapy, you can additionally use lotions containing 0.5% Malathion.

When taking drugs orally, you need to follow certain precautions, for example, first carefully examine the list of contraindications and side effects.

Spillover unwanted actions

  • tachycardia, instability pressure, anxiety, insomnia, panic attacks,
  • gastrointestinal disorders — nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, heartburn, pain, stomatitis, etc.,
  • hearing defects, namely noise, confusion, unconsciousness,
  • decrease in visual acuity and hearing
  • anemia,
  • thrombocytopenia,
  • throat swelling of an allergic nature, bronchospasm, tearfulness and rhinitis,
  • urticaria and other allergic rashes on the body,
  • uterine and other bleeding,
  • excessive sweating.
See also:  Mutualism: Symbiotic Relationships

Reviews of doctors and ordinary people

Doctors consider this method of treatment effective, but they warn that it is very dangerous if you do not follow the recommendations of the attending specialist: break the dosage, take the medicine if there are contraindications, take too long, etc.

Judging by the reviews of doctors, allergic reactions most often occur in people with asthma and Aspirin intolerance.

Judging by the reviews of ordinary people, it is better to use drugs for external use, as they are safer.

Many claim that after treatment they have experienced mild side effects in the form of nausea, indigestion and insomnia. These effects passed instantly after cessation of therapy.

What to do after such treatment?

After the above treatment, a person can return to normal life the very next day. Nits in the hair are likely to remain, but will be completely harmless.

For prevention in the future, you need not to give other people things and not use other people’s things.

Now you know exactly which oral lice pills exist now and when they need to be taken. If you have already tried the drugs listed in the article, then leave your review on this site.

Write everything, even if you do not like the effect, and also advise your medicines that have helped you.

Subscribe to updates of the information portal in order not to miss new interesting information, and share it with friends through social networks. Good health to you and your loved ones! All the best!

Article author: Ksenia Borisova (dermatologist)

Testimonials: Is it worth trying, and how should pediculosis be treated?

Judging by the reviews, some of the above remedy helps, while others provoke side effects.

Therefore, this method of treatment can be called questionable and risky. If you have not been prescribed by a doctor, then you should not experiment yourself.

It is better to treat pediculosis with special insecticidal drugs. What kind of drug to choose and try?

Read about it in separate articles that you can easily find on this site.

And also do not forget about the procedure of combing parasites, it really significantly speeds up the treatment, therefore it is very important.

Lice destruction: how to get lice out?

Call! (812) 777-90-35

Preventive measures include:

  • personal hygiene of the person and the hygienic maintenance of the dwelling — regular body washing with soap (at least 10 days later) with a simultaneous change of underwear and bed linen, cleaning of clothes, bedding, household items,
  • sanitary inspection of crowded places (marinas, train stations, trains, commercial and passenger ships, cinemas, dormitories, hotels, rest houses, sanatoriums, hospital wards, etc.) and compliance with the established sanitary regime,
  • sanitization of organized people transported at assembly points along the way and at places of arrival of trains, for which sanitary passports are organized at major railway stations and ports,
  • proper organization of work of baths, laundries, hairdressers,
  • wearing insecticide-impregnated laundry.

    Lice control measures are made up of physical, mechanical and chemical methods.

    Physical way to kill lice — boiling things, ironing clothes and clothes with a hot iron, disinsection of clothes and clothes in disinfection chambers of various types at special temperature conditions.

    Mechanical way includes the removal of parasites from the body, underwear and clothing. Body lice are easy to remove from the body by simple washing with soap and shower. Head lice are combed out with frequent scallops and removed with short hair cut. If there is a pubic louse, it is obligatory to shave all the hair areas of the body with the subsequent treatment with insecticidal ointments. Lice are removed from clothes and linen with a brush or vacuum cleaner, and the parasites removed must be burned.

    To destroy the lice on the human body is used to wash with hot water with insecticidal soap — 5% DDT or 3% HCCH. Apply to kills of head lice: karbofos (1%), dicresyl (25%), soap-kerosene emulsion (containing 45% kerosene), insecticidal soap DDT and HCH, 3-5% insecticidal ointment methyl acetophos, shampoo containing 5% methyl acetophos, shampoo on diphos and others

    To combat pubic lice, shave the hairy skin, treat them with 5% ointment methylacetophos.

    Lice on bedding and bed linen, clothes and bedding are destroyed in dry heat, steam or steam baths. In the absence of disinfection chambers, bedding to be washed is soaked in 1% DDT emulsion, 0.15% karbofos emulsion or 0.06% sulfidophos emulsion for 20-30 minutes, followed by washing in the usual way. Clothes and bedding are watered or wiped with brushes moistened with karbofos or sulphidophos emulsion, collars, cuffs, seams and belt folds are carefully treated or evenly pollinated with Sulpholan dust at a rate of 150 g / set. After processing, things are put in a bag or wrapped in a blanket for 30 minutes, and then shaken out and aired.

    During mass processing of people, clothes are treated once, without removing them, pollinating DDT with dust from the sprayer through the collar, the sleeves, the unbuttoned belt, the unlaced shoes, the bottom of the trousers, and under the headdress.

    For the impregnation of underwear using an emulsion of karbofos or sulphidophos, respectively, 0.15% and 0.25% concentration at the rate of 2.5 liters per 1 set of underwear or 5 l per 1 kg of dry linen. The property is soaked for 5 minutes, and then squeezed and dried. Insecticidal properties of such clothes are maintained for 15 days during the process of wearing and 3 months. when stored.

    If pediculosis occurs in groups and if insecticides are not available or it is impossible to use them, the synthetic therapeutic drug butadion can be used to kill lice. Possessing a strong systemic pediculicidal effect on head and body lice, it ensures their complete death after a single meal on the person who took this drug.In the foci of pediculosis, butadion is taken in 0.15 g 4 times a day for 2 days, after which human blood remains toxic to lice for 7-8 days. If necessary, this course can be repeated in 10-14 days under the supervision of a medical professional. Children up to 4 years old are not suitable for butadion, children from 4 to 7 years old should be given 0.05 g butadiene, from 8 to 10 years old — 0.08 g each, and over 10 years old — 0.12 g 3 times a day for 2 days. .

    Types of funds from lice and nits

    In the XXI century, pediculosis is much less common, but in any pharmacy, and now you can find five to ten items of funds for lice and nits.

    This suggests that pediculosis in our time is not uncommon. Reviews cured encouraging that modern means against nits and lice are effective enough.

    In addition, a completely new means of dealing with these parasites, allowing to reduce the number of treatments to one and bring the blood suckers with a 100% guarantee.

    Pediculosis treatment

    Human lice are of three types: head, pubic and ward. Pubic can not live on the head or in the seams of clothing and vice versa.

    They are different in structure, physiology and developmental cycles insects, adapted to different lifestyles.

    So, for example, the hooks with which the insect is held by the hairs have different diameter for the pubic and head lice, so the parasites simply can not be held by the hairs not on “their” body part.

    The main thing in the treatment of pediculosis of any type is thoroughness. To finally remove the lice, it is desirable to understand what and why you have to do.

    Treatment activities consist of the processing of medicines, hygiene, treatment of the patient’s things, his bedding and underwear and outerwear, sanitary treatment of the room and the implementation of preventive measures.

    When ward pediculosis sanitary processing of individual items and clothing is more convenient to carry out in sanitary-epidemiological organizations, as they use professional equipment and tools.

    But it is almost always possible to completely get rid of lice of any kind at home, using the head lice and nits that are in the usual pharmacy.

    Tip: Old folk remedies for lice and nits, such as tar and kerosene, can damage the skin and lead to general poisoning.

    For example, kerosene can be absorbed through the skin and cause damage to internal organs — affecting the liver and kidneys, provoking a narrowing of the bronchi, which can be taken as a sign of asthma.

    Vinegar can simply burn the skin, while the nits will survive and after a while it turns out that it was not possible to remove the lice.

    Preventive measures

    Pediculosis, like any disease, is easier to prevent than to cure. Therefore, if a sick person has already appeared in the family, then it’s time to start prevention.

    The head of each family member should be carefully inspected daily. The first lice can not be seen, but on the skin under the hair, you can see their bites, and sometimes you can see the first nits.

    Each family member should have an individual comb, women and girls should have their own hairpins, hairpins, as head lice are first of all transmitted through hair care products.

    Needless to say, everyone’s clothes should also be individual, and bedding should not only be washed, but also ironed with a hot iron — these are elementary hygienic requirements that are already complied with in adequate families.

    Children 3 — 12 years old are sick more often than other categories of the population, so you should be especially careful about child prevention.

    If a child complains about a classmate constantly scratching his head, then it is definitely worth informing the school nurse or class teacher.

    Pediculosis is distributed in children’s groups instantly, since children spend a lot of time together, and their outerwear, on fur collars and hoods of which adult insects can move, is in close contact with the school wardrobe.

    Medications for lice and nits

    If lice is diagnosed, treatment should begin immediately. Lice are not only inconvenient, but also carry dangerous diseases.

    In addition, constant scratching of the skin leads to infection with bacterial infections.

    Drugs that kill insects are called insecticides.

    Insecticides that «work» against lice and nits are called pediculicides.

    If a patient with pediculosis turns to a doctor, the specialist will individually select a remedy for him, depending on the degree of infection, age and sanitary-epidemiological situation in the area.

    The last condition is worth a little more. The fact is that each population of parasites is resistant to certain means and information about this will allow you to avoid unnecessary expenses and efforts, save time.

    Of the many tools currently sold in pharmacies of the village, the doctor will prescribe a remedy against parasites and nits, to which insects do not yet have immunity.

    Immunity to pediculicides arises from the misuse of homemade lice and nits that are sold freely at the pharmacy.

    Incorrectly diluted emulsion, insufficient exposure time on the head means do not lead to the destruction of parasites, but to their addiction.

    The following treatment with the drug with the same active ingredient will be completely ineffective.

    Each treatment with lice and nits is completed by combing half-dead and dead individuals. For this fit comb or comb with very frequent teeth.

    After washing off the means and drying the strands, the scalp is mentally divided into segments and combed out each strand separately, spreading white fabric under it to notice the surviving parasites in time.

    There are combs designed specifically for combing lice and nits, for example, ANTI-B medical comb with long and dense teeth of medical steel.

    The manufacturer promises that the comb will provide 100% combing of parasites and their eggs thanks to special notches on the teeth, capable of separating the nits stuck to the hairs.

    To destroy pubic parasites at home, it is enough to completely shave the hair on the genitals.

    By the way, you can destroy head lice, just shaving your head, but not every guy is ready for this method, but there’s nothing to say about women.

    Fortunately, modern tools can do without such drastic measures.

    Do not use insecticides on eyebrows and eyelashes. When these areas are infested by parasites (pubic lice), they are removed with vaseline oil, repeating the treatment twice a day for 1-2 weeks. From fatty oil lice suffocate.

    Lacy lice are treated by treating items of wardrobe and body with insecticides that kill lice and nits.

    At the same time have to use a good pharmacological remedy for skin irritation, dermatitis and dermatosis, which certainly lead to the bites of these parasites.

    Insecticidal products

    If you look at the reviews, the most popular anti-pedicular drugs are now — drugs with insecticide of synthetic origin permethrin.

    Medifox, Nittifor, NOC — in the composition of shampoos, creams and lotions produced under these trademarks, there is permethrin, which paralyzes the nervous system of adult lice and larvae.

    Permethrin does not work “well” against nits, so after 7–10 days it is necessary to repeat the treatment.

    Malathion is an active substance in insecticidal agents, the second most popular after permethrin.Included in the funds «Karbofos», «Pedilin», «Novaktion» and others.

    These drugs kill lice and nits due to the ability to accumulate in the body of an insect every time it is in contact with the product.

    Judging by the reviews, means with malathion help, even if permethrin does not work on bloodsuckers anymore.

    Combined preparations for lice and nits. In their composition there are several active substances, including contact action.

    These are shampoos and aerosols “Reed”, “Para-Plus”, “Sprey-Paks”, “Sumitrin”. Poisons in their composition act simultaneously on the nervous, respiratory and enzyme systems of insects and enhance the action of each other.

    Such a strong tool is used to treat only healthy adults, if there are no scratches and other skin damage. The feedback on this treatment is always positive.

    Due to the immunity developed by the parasites against most lice and nits poisoning agents, drugs that have a completely different mechanism of action become popular.

    New means against nits and lice — complexes with dimethicone (so called mineral oils of artificial origin, silicones).

    Their effectiveness is still being investigated, but drugs with dimeticon are already on sale and have good reviews.

    Mineral oils clog the respiratory system of insects that are not poisoned, but choking.

    Almost the same principle works masks from vegetable oil, which are sometimes used against head lice in traditional medicine.

    Means against nits and lice with dimeticon is, first of all, spray “Nyuda”, consisting of 92% of dimethicone, spray “Paranit” and others.

    Since the drugs of this class do not contain insecticides, they can be used to treat absolutely all categories of patients, including pregnant women and babies.

    Other treatment options

    There are remedies against nits and lice, in which the active substance is not chemicals, but tinctures of plants or essential oils derived from them.

    Such are, for example, spray and lotion «Pediculin Ultra» with anise oil of anise and shampoo with tea tree oil to prevent the appearance of lice.

    The most well-known remedy of this class of drugs is cemerichnaya water (alcohol tincture of hellebore roots). Reviews claim that insects do not get used to it.

    A completely new method is the treatment of pediculosis not by external means (ointments, shampoos, sprays), but by ingestion of drugs.

    They do it in exceptional cases when other lice and nits do not help or they cannot be used.

    The drug is absorbed and enters the blood. The parasite dies after drinking blood with medicine. By means of lice and nits in this direction are pills «Butadion».

    How to remove lice folk remedies?

    Folk remedies against nits and lice are not as effective as industrial insecticides, but many of them can be used to remove lice in young children, pregnant women, and people with weak immunity and a tendency to allergies.

    These methods include acetic acid salt masks.

    Vinegar (and any other acid) is detrimental to adult lice and nymph larvae, but it is powerless against nits.

    But vinegar dissolves the secret with which the female attaches the nits to the hair. After that, it is possible to comb it out.

    Therefore, when treating with vinegar, it is more important than ever to get a good comb.

    A vinegar mask is made like this: a tablespoon of salt and a tablespoon of alcohol or vodka are added to a glass of 6% vinegar.

    First you need to check the skin’s reaction to allergies, especially if you have to treat the child. To do this, a drop of money is applied to the skin behind the ear and wait one hour.

    If there was no burning, sharp pain, discomfort, redness — the liquid can be used without fear.

    The hair is completely wetted in acetic acid, the skin is treated with a cotton swab. The head is covered with foil, wrapped.

    After an hour, you can wash your hair with shampoo and take up the comb to comb. The procedure is repeated every other day throughout the week.

    Hygiene in the treatment of lice

    During treatment, you must comply with certain hygiene measures — it is not enough just to treat the head with lice and nits.

    To eliminate secondary contamination at home, the same insecticides need to be treated with combs, hairpins, clips and hair bows, fur collars, hats, scarves, scarves, shower caps, helmets, glasses, scourers and similar items that have come into contact with infected hair. and on which live lice eggs may go unnoticed.

    If it is not possible to treat any item with a chemical agent for lice and nits and it cannot be boiled or ironed (this could be, for example, a collar made of valuable fur), then the item is placed in “quarantine” — packed tightly in polyethylene for 10 — 15 days

    During this time, adult lice and larvae hatched from eggs will die without food.

    Pillows and blankets for prevention are frozen on the street or fried in the sun for a day or two.

    If this is not possible — sent in a plastic bag in quarantine.

    During the course of treatment, hair conditioner, rinse aid and other conditioning agents that facilitate combing cannot be used, as they wrap the hairs and skin (as well as insects and nits) with a smooth protective film and insecticidal agents cease to act.

    If there is a patient in the family, it is necessary daily:

  • inspect the heads of everyone at home to detect bites, insects and their eggs,
  • comb the hair of the patient for two weeks,
  • change linen
  • wash your body with a washcloth when wearing
  • change bedding, wash and iron it.

    Clothes for the patient. Louse can get on the head with the wave of a sick person’s hair.

    Therefore, a family member who is undergoing treatment for pediculosis must walk around the house in a headdress to prevent the further spread of the disease — this will save the rest of the household.

    Clothes should be changed daily, while in the case of infection with body lice items of clothing should not be worn for at least 14 days. The linen should be with a minimum of folds so that it can be easily ironed.

    How to disinfect clothes at home? All toilet articles used during treatment for lice of any kind must be disinfected — treated with insecticides, hung out for two days in the open air, and then ironed with a hot iron.

    After this treatment, there will not be any living nits on the clothes.

    What a remedy for lice and nits apply for cleaning the house? Disinfection in the house should be carried out only under certain conditions: strong lumpiness of someone or when lice hit all households.

    Under normal contamination, wet cleaning with a weak vinegar solution will be sufficient. Carpets, carpets better dry-cleaned.

    If this is not possible, the carpets and carpets are washed with a 5% aqueous solution of chlorophos or karbofos.

    Of course, social and housing conditions are now better, and hygiene and prevention play an important role in reducing this disease.

    But the means against nits and lice are relevant as before, because to destroy head lice, you need to destroy the lice as a species.

    At the present stage of development of science, this is impossible, therefore, in pharmacies, anti-nits and lice remedies will long remain a popular product.

    Pediculosis (lice) is a parasitic disease that is quite common among children and is caused by insect lice. There are three types of lice adapted to different conditions of habitat, each of which causes a special type of lice: lice of the head (lice parasite in the hair of the head), pubic lice (lice parasite in the pubic hair and hair covering the genitals),wardrobe lice (lice survive on people’s things). Infection with head lice occurs upon contact with a person infected with these parasites. The main symptoms of lice are itching at the site of parasite bites, the presence of the parasites themselves and their eggs (nits). Treatment of lice is carried out by special means, which are used strictly according to the instructions and under the supervision of a physician.

    Diagnosis of pediculosis. To identify pediculosis, it is necessary to detect lice or live nits. When lice can be used fluorescent method under the lamp Wood. With this diagnostic method, live nits fluoresce white (or blue), empty gray nits.

    Features of the treatment of lice in children As mentioned above, children are most often infected with lice. A child infected with lice should be immediately isolated from healthy children and, before treatment, be forced to wear a hat (scarf, hat, which is then boiled). Treatment of lice in children is carried out carefully. It should be remembered that all anti-pediculosis drugs are toxic, so they should not be allowed to enter the eyes, nose or mouth of a child. If, after applying lice, the child suddenly felt unwell, you should immediately rinse the product and call a doctor.

    Prevention of pediculosis. Prevention of pediculosis is hygienic measures. Personal hygiene. It is necessary to regularly change clothes and underwear (at least 2 times a week). It is also important to constantly wash the bedding at a high temperature (someone else’s bedding should be avoided). It should be carefully ironed clothing (especially in the area of ​​the seams). Preventive activities in children’s groups (kindergartens) are carried out by educators and doctors attached to the children’s institution.

    Memo for parents who have found a pediculosis in their child

    Please calm down and start acting!

    1. Buy in the pharmacy any means for the treatment of pediculosis (scarring).

    2. Treat the scalp of the child with a means strictly in accordance with the attached instructions.

    5. Put the child on clean clothes and clothes.

    7. Inspect and, if necessary, treat all family members. Do not forget about yourself.

    Repeat examinations of the child and all family members after 7, 14, 21 days and carry out the need for repeated processing until the complete extermination of insects and nits.

    Pediculosis! Memo for parents.

    What can be complications with pediculosis? Secondary bacterial infection (pyoderma) on the scalp, the ear areas, face, impetigo (impetigo is a disease characterized by the presence of superficial bubble-pustular eruptions on the skin) Blepharitis, conjunctivitis. Lymphadenitis Typhinus — lice are carriers of typhus Sepsis Treatment of pediculosis.

    How to get rid of lice? In the treatment of pediculosis, it is necessary to ensure the destruction of both nits (eggs) and adult lice. Depending on the type of lice, the method of treating pediculosis is different. How to get rid of head lice? For the treatment of head lice, Medifox and Medifox-super are used. Before treating the scalp, 2ml of Medifox should be mixed with 30ml of water. Then with this solution to treat the hair (using a swab). After that head wash with shampoo. Another effective remedy for lice is Nittifor. For one person you need from 20 to 50 ml of Nittifor solution. The hairy part of the head is treated with this medium using a tampon. Next, you need to cover your head with a kerchief (for 40 minutes). Then Nittifor wash off with warm water and soap. After using Nittiphor, it is imperative to comb the head with a special frequent comb and remove each egg. Normal comb badly remove the nits (eggs), when using them, you must additionally remove the nits with your fingers. It takes several days and a lot of patience.To facilitate this procedure can be applied to the hair balm for hair, fish oil, vegetable oil. Currently, pharmacies have a large number of anti-pediculosis drugs. The main anti-pediculosis drugs include: Lauri. Nyx Veda-2. Butadion. Serortut ointment. Paraplus. When using any means of lice should strictly follow the instructions for their use, because these drugs are very toxic. After processing the head, be sure to wash your hands. The use of such old and highly toxic products as “Dichlorvos” or Dust is strictly prohibited. When dealing with head lice, it is extremely important to boil the patient’s underwear (pillows, towels, pillowcases, sheets). It is also necessary to examine other family members for infection.

    Folk remedies for lice In addition to medication, there are a large number of popular recipes. Examples of such products are: · 50% sunflower oil + 50% kerosene. · Tar soap. · Cranberry juice. · Essential oils (tea tree, lavender). All these tools are applied to the hair and incubated for 20-30 minutes, after which the head and the whole body are thoroughly washed with warm water and soap. If necessary, the procedure is repeated several times.

    3. Wash the baby with baby soap or shampoo. For boys can be bald. 4. Remove mechanically (use your hands or comb with frequent comb) dead insects and nits. To remove the nits need to moisten the strands of hair in a solution prepared from equal amounts of water and 9% of vinegar. Rinse your hair with warm water.

    6. Wash bedding and baby clothes separately from other things, iron them with an iron using steam.

    8. Report the situation to the doctor (nurse) of the children’s institution, which your child attends, to conduct a complex of anti-pediculosis activities.

    What is Pediculosis (lice) —

    Pediculosis (lice) (from the Latin. pediculus «louse») — a parasitic disease of the skin and its derivative — hair.

    The head louse (Pediculus Humanus Capitis), the body louse (Pediculus Humanus Corporis) and the pubic louse (Phtyrus Pubis) can parasitize a person. Accordingly, head, clothes and pubic pediculosis are distinguished. Mixed pediculosis may also occur when mixed type infestation is present (eg simultaneous infestation of head and wound lice).

    Lice feed on the host’s blood, and the eggs (nits) are glued to the hair (a clothes louse lays eggs in the folds of clothes, less often sticks to the hair on a person’s body).

    Lice are associated with humans since ancient times. The first reports of them are found in Aristotle (4th century BC). Dried lice were found in ancient human graves: in Egyptian, Peruvian and Indian mummies. Lice are also found on the mummified corpses of people in Greenland and the Aleutian Islands (XV century).

    Almost 500 years BC. er Herodot wrote that the Egyptian priests and clerks always had their heads thoroughly shaved, “. so that no louse or other unclean creature could cling to them when they serve the gods . ” Ancient Egypt, Babylonia and Assyria.

    In Europe, outbreaks of pediculosis have been regularly observed for 200 years. The peak of the incidence is at the beginning of autumn, when children return home from camps and boarding houses.

    An increase in the number of patients with pediculosis is observed when people live crowded together and / or in unsanitary conditions, for example, during wars, disasters. Many are convinced that it is easier to get head lice infected with nervous, constantly worried people. Sometimes it is associated with a change in the smell of a person under constant stress.

    What triggers / Causes of Pediculosis (lice):

    Head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) — transparent or greyish-yellow insects up to 4 mm long, parasitic, mainly in the temples and occiput, from where they can spread to other parts of the head. For 20-30 days the louse lays up to 10 eggs (nits) per day. After 8-10 days from the nits are formed the larvae, then turning into an adult louse, which after 10-15 days begins to lay eggs itself. Longevity lasts up to 38 days.

    Lice do not jump and do not fly, they crawl.Consequently, the infection occurs through direct contact of hair, especially long, as well as through a towel, comb, and other things. A louse can crawl from one head to another in an electric train carriage, in a store, on a beach, in a pool.

    When a bite lice secrete saliva, causing quite severe itching. This leads to the appearance of scratching, violation of the integrity of the skin, the development of bloody crusts.

    Head lice are transmitted from person to person through direct contact (or through clothing, underwear, household items, hairbrushes, etc.).

    See also:  The 6 Best Flea Collars for Cats in 2020

    Hanging Louse (Latin Pediculus humanus corporis De G. var. vestimenti, sometimes just Pediculus corporis) is an insect, a human parasite with strict monoxeness.

    Body lice were known in ancient times.

    It is believed that in 1909 Charles Nicole, in experiments on the infection of body lice in monkeys with typhus, first established that lice are a carrier of typhus. However, in the domestic literature there are descriptions of the fact that this fact was established almost two decades ago (in 1892) before the experiments of Nicolas, Professor of Kiev University G. N. Minh.

    A clothes louse usually parasitizes a person’s clothing. At the same time she lives and lays eggs (nits) in the folds of clothes and on her nap, and feeds temporarily moving from clothes to the skin.

    Lice are well adapted to food on the hosts. In this case, it is believed that the clothes louse, unlike the head, evolutionarily younger species of the parasite, since clothing as a substrate for the residence of arthropod appeared much later than hair on the skin of mammals.

    The parasite insect’s mouth apparatus is a piercing needle, enclosed in a soft tube (proboscis) that everts out of the mouth and whose edges are pressed tightly against the skin to be pierced. Bleeding is carried out by muscular contractions of the pharyngeal pump and pharynx. Saliva lice contains an enzyme that prevents blood from clotting.

    From the short esophagus, blood enters the highly dilated stomach. Usually an adult individual drinks from 1 to 3 μl (0.001-0.003 ml) of blood. The average weight of an insect is 1 mg. Females are bigger in size and weight and drink more blood than males. Through translucent chitin, the process of feeding lice with blood is clearly visible: their abdomen swells, the intestine rhythmically contracts, taking in more and more new blood, and its body becomes dark red.

    In 2010, the gene was wrapped lingerie. Its volume turned out to be the smallest among all known insects — only 108 million pairs of nucleotides.

    Pubic louse or ploshchitsa (lat. Pthirus pubis) is an ectoparasitic insect from the sub-order of lice (lat. Anoplura), living on the human body mainly in the pubic zone, on the genitals, around the anus, less often in other hair-covered areas: in the armpits, on the chest and in abdominal area, eyebrows, eyelashes, mustache, beard. It feeds exclusively on the blood of its owner. Without food dies within 24 hours. However, outside the human body can fall into anabiosis and stay in it for up to several months. The disease caused by the defeat of this insect is called pubic lice or phthyriasis.

    The size of the pubic louse reaches approximately 1-3 mm. Females are 1.5 times larger than males.

    The pubic louse lays its eggs at the base of the hair, and itself is attached by a proboscis to the mouths of the hair follicles, usually on the skin of the pubis and scrotum. Infection occurs mainly through sexual contact. Infection through bed linen is possible.

    It is impossible to catch lice from animals, since these parasites are species-specific and can only live on an animal.

    Symptoms of Pediculosis (lice):

    Incubation period from infection to symptoms may last up to 30 days or more.

    Getting on the hairy part of the skin, and attaching to the hair with the help of mites located on the legs, the louse inserts its mouth apparatus into the skin and sucks blood. At the site of the bite, under the influence of irritation of the skin by the secret of the salivary glands, itchy spots and nodules appear. On the skin of the abdomen may appear bluish spots, they are formed from hemoglobin of the blood under the influence of an enzyme produced by the glands of lice. Also featured pubic lice there may be small red spots on underwear — these are secretions left by parasites. If an infected patient has abundant hair growth, the pubic louse may creep onto the skin of the chest, abdomen, thighs, limbs, underarms, eyebrows and eyelashes. With an increase in itching, scratching occurs, leading to an increase and spread of inflammation, ulcers and crusts form, peeling of the skin. Against the background of scratching an infection can join, then small abscesses appear on the skin.

    Body pediculosis with personal hygiene is rarely observed. But if it does occur, then skin lesions are more often seen on the shoulders, buttocks, and abdomen. With such symptoms, you should immediately check the clothes (most often the folds of underwear), in the seams of which adult lice can live and lay eggs. The most common symptom is itching, leading to scratching the skin and attaching a secondary infection. Uninfected bites look like red spots between 2-4 mm in diameter.

    As a result of the infection of the combs, pustular skin diseases can develop.

    It is worth noting that body lice are the main carriers of typhus and a number of other rickettsioses. Much less often typhus is transmitted by head lice, in isolated cases — ploschitsy.

    Diagnosis of Pediculosis (lice):

    All persons who seek medical help and undergo routine medical examinations are subject to examination for pediculosis.

    When examining a patient, lice can be seen with the naked eye. Insects are better distinguishable after drinking blood. With pubic lice, lice look like gray-brown spots located at the root of the hair. Lice are completely immobile, but when trying to tear them off, they show signs of life and even more actively cling to the hair, which they tear off with great difficulty. More often find nits attached to the hair.

    Treatment of Pediculosis (lice):

    For the treatment of pediculosis, an integrated approach is needed that will destroy both nits (eggs) and adults. Wrestling methods are different for different types of lice.

    Pubic lice

    To get rid of the ploshchitsy (pubic lice), you can use the following method:

    • Shave all hair where possible (pubic, armpit), in order to avoid infection of the bite site, disinfect with 10% white mercury ointment.

    • Remove eyelids from the eyelashes and eyebrows.

    Body lice

    Linen and clothing should be boiled or steamed. a simple low-temperature wash may not be enough. After high-temperature treatment, hang out the laundry for a week, preferably in the sun in a ventilated place.

    Another method involves treatment with an insecticidal preparation, followed by washing and weekly airing in the sun.

    The most effective is the decontamination of clothing and linen in the steam-formalin chamber. This method is more effective because combines high temperature and chemical treatment.

    When processing clothes, it should be noted that nits can be deposited in thick folds and seams of clothing, where they can withstand insufficient heat treatment.

    Considering the special epidemiological significance of ward lice and the possibility of fixing nits not only on the nap of clothing, but also on the pubescent hair of a person’s skin, with a common process it is necessary to decide not only about the disinsection of clothing, but also about the treatment of a patient with one of the pediculocid preparations.

    Head lice

    I. The best way: to comb out adult lice, then 3-4 days, as itching appears — hot hair dryer. until you dry all new ones.

    Ii. Pharmacies now sell a wide range of anti-pedicular drugs — shampoos, ointments, aerosols. The most famous pediculocides (drugs that kill lice and their nits):

    • 20% water-soap suspension of benzyl benzoate (a preparation for the treatment of scabies, previously used also against pediculosis, but now it is not recommended)

    • Butadion (ointment for healing wounds from bites)

    Of these drugs, some do not have ovocidal (killing nits) effect. Even with the oocytic effect, some nits tend to survive, so it’s important to remove them mechanically. Studies in Western Europe, Canada and the United States, Israel, Argentina, Russia found that head lice become resistant to most anti-pediculosis drugs, which complicates treatment with such means as permethrin and phenotrin. Therefore, now all over the world there are natural remedies for lice and nits. In Russia, this tool is “ROSH TOV Double Impact”. Contains plant and oil extracts that are not pesticides and are approved for use in cosmetics. Natural products do not act like chemicals. The respiratory system of lice consists of respiratory tubes or trachea — branching out all over the body and communicating with spiracles located on the sides of the abdomen and chest. Molecules of essential oils penetrate the respiratory system and clog the respiratory openings of lice. Lice are killed by suffocation and dehydration. Due to the physical mechanism of action, as well as the fact that polysaccharides in the composition of oils and extracts are also included in the structure of insects, it is difficult to develop resistance of lice to the ingredients of such preparations.

    When using any means of lice should be as precise as possible to follow the instructions, because these drugs are very toxic. Many of them are contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women, small children.

    There are also numerous popular recipes for getting rid of lice. They are usually less effective compared to pharmacies and not necessarily less toxic. Do not use them just because you are ashamed to buy money from head lice at the pharmacy.

    • 50% sunflower oil + 50% kerosene

    • 50% of household soap + 50% kerosene, dilute the resulting concentrated solution before applying to hair with 1:10 water (100 ml of solution per 1 l of water)

    • Cranberry juice (effective against nits, as it dissolves the upper shell of the egg with its acidic environment)

    • Vinegar (9% table vinegar is diluted twice with water to obtain an acid concentration of 4.5%)

    • Tar soap (valid due to high alkali concentration)

    • Essential oils (tea tree, lavender) — put on the hair a few drops not for treatment, but for the prevention of infection with lice, for example, to uninfected family members.

    Keep in mind the shortcomings of folk remedies:

    • Kerosene is flammable, poorly washed off, spoils hair (it becomes sticky and dirty in appearance), makes it difficult to comb,

    • Vinegar dries hair, and a concentrated solution can cause severe burns,

    • Dichlorvos and similar products are VERY TOXIC. You can get poisoned.

    In addition, the use of such funds is associated with inconveniences: you need to wear a plastic bag on your hair, wrap a towel around your head and keep it in such a form for a long time.

    There is another rather radical way to destroy head lice — this is hair dyeing with synthetic paint. Paints contain many caustic chemicals that kill lice and nits.

    After using any means, it is necessary to comb the head with a special frequent comb and remove each egg manually. It will take several days, as it is not easy to get the nits out. To achieve maximum efficiency, you should comb the hair with a comb with a very small tooth pitch — for example, with a special AntiV frequent comb. Normal comb badly remove nits, when using them, you must additionally remove the nits with your fingers. If the hair is long, then it will have to be cut at least to the shoulders, to make it easier to comb out dead insects and eggs. To facilitate combing can be applied to the hair with a balm, fish oil, oil, giving a «slip effect.» Olive oil eliminates parasites, and geranium oil also has an anti-inflammatory effect and heals wounds.

    When dealing with head lice, it is extremely important to neutralize (boil, iron) the personal clothes of the person who has been tested (pillows, towels, pillowcases, sheets, etc.). Other family members (classmates, children in the same kindergarten group, etc.) should also be examined for infection.

    Prevention of Pediculosis (lice):

    • Compliance with personal and public hygiene: regular body washing (at least 2 times a week), changing of underwear and bed linen, washing bed linen at high temperature, ironing clothes with a hot iron, especially the seams, where head lice usually lay eggs.

    • Preventing the transfer of personal combs to others.

    • Apply fluids from tea tree and lavender to the back of the head and behind the ears to prevent the appearance of lice.

    • Boiling used items (mainly towels, hats, bed linen, clothes with hoods and collars, soft toys) in order to prevent re-infection with lice.

    • To check for lice, brush your head over a light cloth.

    Which doctors should be consulted if you have Pediculosis (lice):

    Is something bothering you? Do you want to know more detailed information about pediculosis (lice), its causes, symptoms, methods of treatment and prevention, the course of the disease and diet after it? Or do you need an inspection? You can make an appointment with the doctor — clinic Eurolab always at your service! The best doctors will examine you, examine the external signs and help you identify the disease by symptoms, consult you and provide you with the necessary help and diagnosis. you also can call a doctor at home. Clinic Eurolab open for you around the clock.

    Diagnosis of pediculosis

    A remedy for lice is used after diagnosis. Mostly carried out physical examination. Diagnosis of difficulties does not cause, as the clinical manifestations are well expressed.

    A remedy for lice is used after diagnosis

    • The main method is a physical examination. Nits in this case is easy to identify, and problems arise with adults. They can be seen with the naked eye, but it is better to use a magnifying glass.
    • Lice that are already nourished with blood are best seen, in this case they acquire a brownish tint. In some cases, parasite excrement may be visible on the skin.
    • When pubic lice nits are attached to the hair with a special composition. Nits are similar to seborrhea and have a scaly form. A microscope will help identify them.

    Albendazole — a popular remedy for head lice in the form of tablets

    Popular drugs

    Popular remedies for head lice in the form of tablets:

    All of them are recognized as effective, but there is a need for a second procedure after a week. There is such a drug as trimethoprim, but it has a weak effect. Lice, like many parasites, feed on human blood. With the help of tablets, it can be made unattractive. This is the principle of action of the tablet form.

    Own method of withdrawing nits and lice

    Good day everyone!

    I have two daughters caught this infection. The younger one has been fighting for the second month. She has very thick hair. Today I tried the NEW METHOD of withdrawing nits. So far, only the eldest (9 years). Tomorrow I will experience the youngest.

    1. Cut the hair to the shoulder blades. Fortunately, the daughter agreed.

    Larisa January 13, 2015

    Deduced both my children with lice with the mousse Neath Free. Loved how it works. And I was very pleased with the effect of its use: the nits started lagging behind so easily that I was just in shock. Previously, I was very agonized with combing, but now everything turned out to be easy and simple. Really worth the money means.

    Alexandra January 10, 2015

    Hello. I decided to help with the fight against lice. My name is Alexandra, I am 11 years old. Long hair (1m. 13 cm)

    At school, lice caught. We treated the pair plus and got rid of lice. A week later, my head itched terribly! The second time squirting steam plus. FIG! Did not help. Nits very much! Cut the hair by 15 cm and sprinkle the steam again with a plus. No effect.

    Mom bought a spray sprinkled on it, held it for an hour, then immediately combed the hair along the entire length with a special comb that was in the set, washed the head. It’s all over! Not one live nits! Not a single louse! Thank you Nude! How many lice do not comb out all dead. I personally helped. Well, it is certainly expensive. We bought for 534 rubles. But we help well.

    And to whom it does not help, try kerasin or cheremical water. Heard cheremical water helps well. And if you do not have lice and nits are not combed out, then I advise you to wash your hair with water with vinegar or cranberry juice, and then comb it with a special comb (preferably with an anti-comb). The fact is that lice do not stick so tightly to the hair from acid and are easy to comb out. Of course, at once everything will not work out, but more or less.

    I hope I helped you with my advice.

    svetlana January 07, 2015

    Do not hesitate to get the right tool at the pharmacy, do not be stingy, ask for the most effective, but if it comes down to finances, it remains to hope for your perseverance (THIS METHOD IS ACTUAL FOR THOSE WHO WANT TO KEEP THE HAIR).

    When my daughter was 5 years old (we lived in a hot spot, we didn’t have the means, everyone just survived) and her hair was thick to the waist — not to cut it, it took almost a week to completely remove lice: every day I combed it out with a special comb for combing head lice (such a comb in our childhood was in every family, and now I look makes sense), then you need to comfortably position the child’s head on the pillow, sit comfortably (because you have to sit for several hours) and go through each hair, inspect the head, and at the same time with every hair remove the nits (if they exist), passing the hair between firmly pressed nails. Such an inspection is necessary every day, combed several times a day, on the fourth day the head was clean, but it is necessary to inspect some more days during the course of a few days. GOOD LUCK.

    Features of use

    To get rid of lice children is very difficult. In this case, it is advisable to use tablets based on pyrethroids or dimethicone. It is worth noting that ivermetkin is more effective than malathion. Head lice disappear in 97% of patients within 15 days. The drug is good when the external treatment has no effect.

    Tablet form remedy is an alternative treatment. Apply them at weekly intervals.

    Tablet form remedy is an alternative treatment. Apply them at intervals of a week. As an additional effect, the contaminated sites should be treated with lotion containing 0.5% malathion.

    The drug for lice is applied 3 times a day, 200 mg. After improvement is observed, the dose must be reduced.

    How to save a child from lice (video)

    The tool is contraindicated for people with:

    • stomach ulcer,
    • impaired kidney, liver,
    • heart failure
    • arrhythmia.

    The drug against lice can not be used during pregnancy and in case of hypersensitivity to any components.

    Side effects

    When taking funds can be observed side effects:

    • tachycardia, increased blood pressure,
    • nausea, heartburn, vomiting, constipation or diarrhea, stomatitis, abnormal liver function,
    • tinnitus, hearing loss,
    • anemia, thrombocytopenia,
    • swelling, itching, bronchospasm,
    • headache, depression, arousal,
    • skin rash, urticaria, angioedema,
    • uterine bleeding, increased sweating.

    Opinion of experts

    Experts say the effectiveness of the drug against lice, but it is recommended not to forget about the rules of admission. So, it is possible to accept means only after food or during food intake. Moreover, the dose will have to be reduced in a few days.It is important to be observed by a specialist, then drug therapy can be carried out during the month.

    When taking an agent, side effects may occur, such as an increase in blood pressure.

    If you have asthma or intolerance to aspirin and similar drugs, your doctor will forbid you to use the drug. The harm from pills is also noted in people suffering from diseases of the mucous membrane of the digestive system, with ailments of the hematopoietic system, and pregnancy. Also, a lice medicine is prohibited to use

    • suffering from diabetes,
    • gastritis,
    • trophic ulcers,
    • allergic dermatitis.

    Post Processing Actions

    A person can return to work, to school, to kindergarten on the second day after treatment. In this case, the hair may remain nits, but it is not so important. There is no need to wear a hat in the room, just don’t give other people your stuff. Also, do not use the personal belongings of colleagues.

    If the child is infected, notify the kindergarten administration. It is important that caregivers check all children, otherwise your child may become infected again. The administration should ensure that all children remain safe; for this, caps and outerwear should be kept separate.

    Caregivers must check all children for head lice, otherwise your child may become infected again.

    Consumer reviews

    Reviews of funds from lice, produced in tablet form, a little. Many people note that if there is pain in the stomach, it is better not to use the drug. Doctors also note the high toxicity of the drug. As a rule, the drug is used if the outdoor options have not helped.

    Do not use tablets without consultation with the attending physician. At the same time, during therapy, one should monitor the state of the body in order to promptly note violations in its work that may occur during treatment.

    Other pharmaceutical preparations

    Pills started to apply for the treatment of lice recently. The essence of therapy is to make the blood unsuitable for feeding lice. When following the instructions for use, these drugs are absolutely safe for people.

    Anti-parasitic drugs are prescribed to get rid of lice. Ivermectin, Albendazole, Levamisole. The dosage on the first day is 200–400 mg three times a day, the next day, the amount of the medicine should be reduced by 2 times, children should be given half the adult dose. A week later, the course should be repeated.

    Butadion — A drug from the group of NSAIDs with pronounced anti-pediculosis action. It is prescribed for outbreaks of pediculosa in children’s and adult groups. Take the tablets after a meal, drink plenty of water.

    • adults — 0.15 g 4 times a day,
    • children 4–7 years old — 0.05 g 3 times a day,
    • children 7–10 years old — 0.08 g three times a day,
    • children over 10 years old — 0.12 g three times a day.

    Duration of treatment is 2 days, repeated medication is required after a week, since the active ingredients of the drug are not capable of destroying blood sucking eggs.

    In liquid form Lice medicines are used infrequently, as they are not very convenient to apply. One of the good ones is D95, possesses an optimum ratio of efficiency and quality, an oily structure considerably facilitates the application process.

    D95 — solution based on dimethicone, contains additional ingredients that improve the condition of the hair, give them a pleasant aroma. Comes with a comb.

    The tool is applied to dry, well-combed strands, in a thin even layer, with special attention, paying close to the root. After 45 minutes, the strands should be washed, combed thoroughly. Reprocessing should be done in 1–1.5 weeks, when nymphs hatch from eggs.

    Methods of traditional medicine

    For many years I have been studying intestinal problems, in particular salmonellosis. It is terrible when people do not know the true cause of their diseases.It turns out that the whole thing in the bacteria Helicobacter Pylori.

    These bacteria are able to live and reproduce not only in the intestine, but also in the stomach. Being introduced deep into its walls, the larvae are distributed through the whole body by the blood flow, getting into the heart, liver, and even into the brain.

    Today we will talk about the Notoxin natural product, which turned out to be incredibly effective in treating salmonellosis, as well as participating in the federal program “Healthy Nation”, thanks to which the product can get for FREE when applying until November 27th.

    Recipes for alternative medicine are easy to use, safe, rarely cause negative reactions during treatment.

    The only drawback — low efficiency, for complete disposal of lice treatment will have to be carried out repeatedly.

    1. Pour 5 tbsp. l crushed elecampane 1 liter of boiling water, leave in a sealed container for an hour, filter. Moisten the strands with a solution, rinse with warm water after a quarter of an hour. Processing done weekly.
    2. Pour 20 g of chopped mint with 220 ml of lemon or cranberry juice, stew the mixture over low heat for a quarter of an hour, cool. To rub a means in integuments, to moisten well strands, to leave for 35 minutes, to wash off in the habitual way. Sessions hold every 3-5 days.
    3. Chemerichnaya water — an inexpensive pharmacy remedy of plant origin, is highly efficient. Apply the liquid on clean wet strands over the entire length with a sponge or hair brush, cover the head with a bag or a polyethylene cap, a handkerchief, wash hands thoroughly with soap and water. Wash off the drug after 10-30 minutes with shampoo, rinse curls with plenty of warm water.

    Mechanical ways to get rid of parasites

    Combing is the safest, but rather time-consuming method of dealing with lice. The procedure should be carried out every day for a week, and sometimes a month.

    The stages of combing parasites:

    1. The person who carries out the combing should take care of his own safety — remove all the hair under the cap.
    2. Prepare in advance a deep container with a weak acetic solution for rinsing the comb or comb.
    3. For combing you need to use only special fine-toothed combs, you can purchase them at the pharmacy.
    4. It is better to carry out the procedure in a room with good lighting; cover the shoulders with a white cloth in order to see well the falling insects.
    5. Divide all the hair into thin strands, carefully comb each 5-10 times.
    6. Processed and untreated curls should not be in contact with each other, clean strands should be immediately stabbed or grabbed with rubber bands.

    The most radical, safe way to treat head lice, which helps with a 100% guarantee to get rid of lice and nits immediately — shave.

    Paws of lice can not cling to the smooth skin, so in the absence of hair immediately fall. This method is ideal for treating young children and for dealing with pubic lice in adults.

    Funds «for five kopecks»

    If you do not have drugs on hand, you can get rid of blood-sucking insects with the help of some improvised means. As a rule, they are effective only at the initial stage of the development of a parasitic infection.

    There are many cheap ways to kill lice. For example, vodka or medical alcohol diluted to 40 degrees. The liquid should be poured into a container with a spray, thoroughly treat the skin and hair along the entire length, the strands should be well moisturized.

    Then remove the curls under a dense plastic cap, heat the top with a towel, hold for 40–45 minutes, wash off in the usual way. Within a quarter of an hour after application, itching and burning are felt, which are caused by the increased activity of the dying insects.

    Sunflower oil or mayonnaise — due to the oily structure, these products penetrate into the respiratory organs of insects, which leads to their quick death.Any means to apply dry strands, cover the head with polyethylene and a warm scarf, you need to keep the compress for at least an hour, but you can leave it overnight.

    Rinse off the product in the usual way, but the shampoo will have to be used several times to eliminate excess fat.

    In 220 ml of apple or wine vinegar, you can add 45 g of ordinary salt, 5 ml of any alcohol-containing liquid, mix. Put the thin natural fabric into the solution, cover the head with it, fix it with a film.

    Compress need to wear a day, periodically re-wetting fabric. The next day, wash your hair in the usual way, the procedures carried out every 3-4 days until the complete destruction of bloodsuckers.

    For lice, it is useful to use a dust or tar soap for washing the head, after applying the strands to hide under the cap, wash off after 40–60 minutes. Typically, this tool helps to eliminate all the lice and their larvae at a time, and if necessary, repeat the session after 5 days.

    Low-cost or low-temperature exposure to parasites is also considered an inexpensive way to control lice, since parasites can only multiply effectively at a temperature of 25–30 degrees.

    Already with an increase in performance to the level of 40 units, the process of reproduction of parasites stops, and at 45 degrees nits cease to develop. Therefore, to get rid of lice in clothes, things should be washed at a temperature of at least 70 degrees, and then ironed things with an iron.

    Upholstered furniture can be steamed. Using a hair dryer or curling iron can not get rid of insects, but they will weaken for a while, which will greatly facilitate the process of combing.

    Infected clothes can be placed in the freezer for a day, hung out in the cold or the sun. With a small number of parasites, this method of control is quite effective.

  • Share:
    No comments

    Добавить комментарий

    Your e-mail will not be published. All fields are required.