Pandan as Cockroach Repellent Essay — 1364 Words

Pandan as Cockroach Repellent

Title: Production of pest repellent using Pandan leaves (Pandanus amaryllifolius) extract against Home Cockroach
Research proposal

Researchers:
Bombita, Mark Jairus
Horigome, Jojie
Florague, Joana Liza
Realista, Joy

Adviser:
Olive B. Blanco

Julia Ortiz Luis National High School
Sagaba Sto. Domingo Nueva Ecija
2012-2013
INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Any home can have cockroaches. They are scavengers and a health hazard. While walking on spoiled food in garbage containers, they pick up various bacterial organisms on their legs that they can later deposit on uncovered food. Cockroaches themselves are not implicated in the transmission of any diseases. However, many disease-causing organisms can grow and multiply in their guts and can then be deposited on silverware, plates etc. during defecation. For example, cockroaches can pick up disease-causing bacteria like Salmonella on their legs and later deposit them on foods and cause food poisoning. People continuously exposed to dust containing cockroach feces and crushed body parts become sensitized and may show allergic reaction and asthma after repeated exposure to such dust. (http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/html/ehs/ehscroach.shtml# american) Pest repellent plants are herbs, flowers and vegetables naturally capable of driving away pests, insects and animals through normal organic chemical means. Their leaves and other plant parts contain organic compounds that confuses or pushes away harmful pests. Pandanus amaryllifolius is a tropical plant in the Pandanus (screwpine) genus. The plant is rare in the wild, but is widely cultivated. It is an upright, green plant with fan-shaped sprays of long, narrow, bladelike leaves and woody aerial roots. The plant is sterile, flowers only very rarely, and is propagated by cuttings. In Southeast Asia, Pandan leaves are used widely as a flavoring and also used as a source of fragrance. However, the same fragrance that attracts people is found to be repulsive to cockroaches. Many people in the Pandan’s native region use the leaves to repel insect pests. The researcher preferred to used pandan leaves because of its availability and to determine its effect in cockroaches in different preparation of mixture.

Statement of the Problem
This study aims to produce an effective pest repellant using the extract of Pandan leaves. Specifically, this investigatory project aims to: (1.) To know the effectiveness of Pandan extract in different treatment: 1.1 T1- Control

1.2 T2- Boiled extract of Pandan leaves
1.3 T3- Fermented extract of chopped Pandan leaves
1.4 T4- Mixed extract of boiled and fermented Pandan leaves

(2.) Find out the significant difference in the effect of different treatments in terms of: 2.1 Pest Intolerance
2.2 Number of cockroaches repelled

Significance of the Study
If the study “Production of pest repellent using Pandan Leaves (Pandanus amaryllifolius) against Home Cockroach” was conducted and successfully proven, the following person will benefit: To the home owners: The infested house will decrease the population of cockroaches with little or no expense at all. It also helps to avoid diseases that we can get in cockroaches like food poisoning, allergies, dysentery and typhoid. To the community and environment: This will help our community to realize that plants in the environment are not only a herbal plant, food flavorings or a display in our backyard but also to decrease the population of pests. It also helps the environment to conceive how some plants in their environment can alter into useful products To the future researchers: The result of this study will serve as their guide in conducting the experiment related to this.

Scope and Limitation
This study will be conducted to make an effective cockroach repellent through extracting Pandan leaves. The researchers use the method of fermentation and boiling to get the Pandan leaves’ extract. Significant differences.

Cited: G.D. Palmer. 2009. Pandan Leaves for Insect Repellent Accessed 19 July 2012
Li J. and Ho S.H. (2003). Pandan leaves (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb.) As A Natural Cockroach Repellent Accessed 19 July 2012
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Environmental Health Services Accessed 15 July 2012

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Roach Powder & Roach Dust

Roach dust is a great way to treat roaches in the small cracks and crevices insecticide sprays and baits may not be able to reach. Applied with dusters, insecticide dusts and natural dusts are long-lasting to protect your home long after the initial infestation is gone. Explore our selection of professional grade roach dusts to do it yourself like the pros.

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Roach Killer Dust – A Natural Solution

Roach powder can make getting rid of roaches a less tedious and overwhelming process. Not only are they tenacious and occasionally hard to kill, but also there’s always the worry that the products you’re using might be harming your family in some way you can’t predict.

Recently, there has been growth in the interest in natural solutions to pesky pest problems, and here at Do My Own Pest Control we offer all the latest products that are both brutally effective against these insects and also completely safe to use around any members of your family, both children and pets.

Three All-Natural Roach Dusts & Powders

• Boric Acid

Boric acid roach killer dust is one of the main all-natural products that can control roaches with the same effectiveness as more powerful chemical based products. It relies on a very specific chemical structure that is incredibly damaging to the insect’s outer shell, leading to its dehydration and death. The best thing about using this and other products in this same category is that they are completely safe for use around pets, children and adults. Because boric acid is no more toxic than table salt, it can be applied in any location where the bugs might be hiding, and you needn’t worry about accidental exposure like you might with some other insecticides.

• Diatomaceous Earth

Diatomaceous Earth is in many ways like boric acid powder in that it is a natural alternative to the main types of pesticides usually used. It is a mineral that is found in abundance in the earth’s crust, and when applied as a fine powder has an incredibly damaging and fatal effect on most types of insects such as roaches. Again like boric acid it can be applied in any setting in the home as it is completely non-toxic both for people and for domestic animals such as dogs and cats. You should however remember that it must be kept dry to be effective, so avoid placing it in damp areas or outdoors exposed to the elements.

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• Pyrethrin Dust

This product really combines the best of both worlds. It is derived from a natural source of pesticides known as the chrysanthemum flower, which is in fact the basis for many of the synthetic chemical pesticides known as pyrethroids. However because pyrethrin dust is taken straight from the source and not altered in any way, it can be used without fear around any setting, and still provide the quick knock down and longer term control of a chemical pesticide when used as a roach dust.

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Best Roach Powders

Roach powders and roach killer dusts are one of the best tools for battling cockroach infestations. Still, with hundreds of different promising products on the market, as well as thousands of types of cockroaches, it can be hard to choose the right insecticide powder for the particular problem you’re facing. So, to help you choose, we decided to compile a quick list of the best roach powders and dusts on the market right now.

Zap A Roach Powder (2 pack)

This dorless and non-staining powder that contains boric acid kills roaches, ants and other unwanted crawlers that invade your home.

Harris Boric Acid Powder

This powder that contains mainly boric acid is very fast acting poison that can kill severe roach infestation within 3 days.

Bayer Tempo Dust

If you want to eliminate roaches and other unwanted pests, without odor and not leaving stains, then this product is made for you.

Zap A Roach Powder (2 pack)

What we like:

  • The Zap a Roach boric acid cockroach killer is odorless and non-staining
  • It’s safe to use on all surfaces as it will not damage or stain them
  • It’s excellent at exterminating all manners of insect pests

What we don’t like:

  • As it contains boric acid, this Zap a Roach cockroach killer should be applied with care in food processing facilities

Review

If you are looking for a great boric acid powder for roaches, then the Zap a Roach Boric Acid Roach Killer is an ideal option for you. This cockroach dust comes in 2x one pound (454 gram) bottles. It’s designed to combat some of the most pestilent common household insects such as cockroaches, ants, water bugs, fleas, as well as silverfish infestations and many others. This Zap a Roach compound doesn’t stain so you won’t have to worry about putting it on your flooring, baseboards, appliances, or anywhere else. Utilizing boric acid as its active ingredient, the Zap a Roach cockroach powder is toxic for insects but safe for your home.

What’s more, this Zap a Roach product is also odorless, which is great for all residential areas. This makes it a great alternative to all the pungent smell of chemical sprays. All you need to do to properly use the Zap a Roach powder killer is to shake it well, twist its cap, hold the bottle at a 45-degree angle and the powder should start pouring easily.

The Zap a Roach boric acid cockroach killer recipe is applicable both indoors and outdoors. It can be used in all commercial and residential areas. Caution is, of course, advised when using the Zap a Roach boric acid roach killer powder near foot processing facilities – since it is made out of 100% boric acid, it should come into direct contact with food and any other ingestible products.

Harris Boric Acid Powder

What we like:

  • The powerful boric acid in this Harris roach powder exterminates cockroaches, silverfish, water bugs, palmetto bugs, and many other insect pests. It works as a German roaches boric acid killer as well
  • The Harris boric acid roach powder comes together with a lure
  • Aside from the lure, this Harris roach powder also comes with a straw for an even easier application
  • The Harris boric acid cockroach killer is odorless and non-staining

What we don’t like:

  • As it contains boric acid, this Harris cockroach killer should be applied with care in food processing facilities

Review

When looking for boric acid for roaches, this Harris roach powder is also one you shouldn’t miss. It comes in a 16 oz. bottle together with its own lure. It’s a great tool for killing cockroaches and silverfish, as well as palmetto bugs, water bugs, and many more insect pests that are common in households.

Having boric acid as its main ingredient, the Harris roach powder is very fast acting and kills insects within 72 hours in large quantities. Not only capable of exterminating entire nests at once, this candidate for the best roach killer powder also provides a lasting effect of up to several weeks.

Another advantage of the Harris boric acid roach bait powder over other roach proof powder products is the ease of its application. It comes together with a long straw which can help you apply the powder even to the hardest to reach places in your home. This is very helpful not only because you don’t want boric acid powder in places that your kids and pets can reach, but also because you need to make sure that you’ve covered all nooks, cracks, and crevices that your insect invaders frequently pass through. Even if you had problems applying the powder at the appropriate places, however, the excellent food-grade powder cockroach killing bait is guaranteed to attract a lot of cockroaches to itself.

As a nice cherry on top, this best roach powder candidate is also odorless and stain-free, so you can apply it on any surface and in any residential area without an issue.

Bayer Tempo Dust

What we like:

  • The Bayer Tempo 1% dust is odorless and non-staining
  • This cockroach killer powder killer powder is safe to use anywhere, including in food-processing facilities
  • The Bayer Tempo dust insecticide is highly effective against cockroaches, bedbugs, ants, wasps, and a myriad of other insect pests

What we don’t like:

  • It should be kept away from the reach of pets, kids, and water

Review

This Bayer Tempo dust insecticide comes in a 1.25 lbs bottle and includes Cyfluthrin 1% as its active ingredient. This product offers a pretty nice coverage as one pound of it is enough for 1000 square feet area. It’s labeled for both indoors and outdoors use. It’s safe to use in all types of rooms and premises – residential buildings, add-on structures, food-storage or cooking facilities and buildings, transport storage areas, hotels and motels, warehouses, hospitals, and others.

The Bayer Tempo 1% dust is also more than just a roach poison powder. It works great against bedbugs, ants, wasps, and other insect pests that dwell in hard to reach places. What makes this roach powder even better for residential use, in particular, is the fact that it has no odor and leaves no stains behind it. The fact that it is odorless also means that pets such as dogs and cats won’t be attracted to it. Still, as with any other roach powder, it’s advisable to only spread it on nooks and crevices that are outside of the reach of your pets.

As it is a traditional roach powder, the Bayer Tempo 1% dust shouldn’t be mixed with water and should be spread to places that are not likely to get wet in the foreseeable future. Mixing it with water even a little bit (to a paste, for example) will dilute the 1% Cyfluthrin too much and it won’t do its job. Additionally, as a powder, the product is meant to be transported by passing insects into their nests where it can kill the rest of their colony.

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Other products to consider

BorActin Insect Dust

Boric acid and roaches don’t really play well together and BorActin takes full advantage of that fact. The 99% boric acid formula of BorActin Insect Dust is odorless and moisture resistant. As a boric acid product, however, you’ll need to be careful with it around food and in food processing facilities. The lack of a lure and application straw is also noticeable when you want to treat hard-to-reach places.

Rockwell Cimexa Dust

BorActin Insect Dust offers 4 ounces of dust in one bottle. Its active ingredient is Amorphous Silica Gel 100% and it works against ants, roaches, fleas, ticks, lice, silverfish, firebrats, spiders, mites, and more. It is only usable indoors, however, and covers a smaller area than other similarly-sized products.

Bayer Drione Dust

This sizable 1 lb bottle of Bayer Drione Dust comes with a puffer duster and a hand duster. It works great not only against cockroaches but also against bedbugs, wasps, carpenter bees, and a lot of other insects. The powder does clump up quite easily in moisture, however, so you’ll have to keep that in mind

J. T. Eaton Answer Insecticidal Dust

Another great boric acid product, this J. T. Eaton Answer Insecticidal Dust comes in a 16-ounce puffer bottle. Its exact type of boric acid is Orthoboric Acid 99.9% which easily kills all cockroaches, silverfish, water bugs and most types of ants (except carpenter ants). You should be careful when placing it near food or in food storage areas, however, and the lack of an application accessory makes reaching some tricky spots harder.

Desect Diatomaceous Earth Insecticide

The Desect Diatomaceous Earth Insecticide comes in a large 1 gal bottle. It is an organic product that can be used both indoors and outdoors in your garden, including on plants, fruit trees, and so on. It successfully combats slugs, roaches, earwigs, ants, crickets, grasshoppers, silverfish, pill bugs, sow bugs, lice, carpet beetles, box elder bugs, aphids, Japanese beetles, snails, and many others. It does struggle against some other types of insects, however, such as house centipedes. It also requires a perfect application, since, even though it is effective, it is not as powerful as some of its toxic chemical counterparts.

Enoz Roach Away Boric Acid Powder

The Enoz Roach Away Boric Acid Powder contains a 99% boric acid solution. Thanks to that it successfully deals with all types of cockroaches, as well as palmetto bugs, water bugs, silverfish, ants, and other common household insect pests. Its applicator tip helps with a controlled placement, but the product doesn’t come with any additional accessories. Also, since it contains boric acid, you should be mindful about using it near food.

Bonide Roach Powder

This Bonide Roach Powder contains boric acid and easily kills much more than just roaches. It efficiently deals with ants, silverfish and fleas. The nozzle clogs quite easily, unfortunately. And as a boric acid powder, you should be careful not to use it near food.

About cockroach powders

Once the insect has passed through the powder and has gotten its legs and body cover with it (or often – has got the piece of food it carried covered with the powder), the insect will eventually go back to its nest. There, several things can happen:

  1. The insect starts cleaning itself and eats the powder of its own body and dies;
  2. The insect, together with a large portion of its nest eat the powdered food and they all die;
  3. Other insects from the nest eat the corpses of the already poisoned and dead insects and they too die (a lot of insects, but roaches, in particular, have the habit of eating their dead comrades).

This simple “Trojan horse” type of strategy is very effective at exterminating entire roach and insect nests even if you don’t know where exactly the nests are located. The possible downside of this method is that poor placement of the powder can undermine its effectiveness as fewer insects will pass through it. Another possible downside is that pets and kids can show interest in the powder so you’ll need to put it in places that they can’t reach.

As for the active ingredients of roach dust and powders, the most typical active ingredient is boric acid. Boric acid is a natural chemical that is found in a lot of fruits and other plants.

Did you know?

The boric acid used in roach powders is usually derived from borax mined from mineral deposits. It’s highly toxic to roaches and other insects and it’s fairly harmless to humans and other mammals when used correctly.

Other roach powder products use artificial active ingredients such as Cyfluthrin, Amorphous Silica, and others, but they all work on a similar principle – they are toxic to insects, they are less toxic or non-toxic to humans, and they are odorless and non-staining.

All in all, roach powders are a highly effective tool for dealing with massive roach infestations or other unwanted insects. It takes several days for the chain effect of the powder to start acting and for the kill-rate to become significant, but if you’re persistent and you’ve used the powder adequately, you should be able to deal with even massive pest problems.

Alternatively, you can opt for other methods of dealing with roaches and insects – dry roach sprays work in a similar manner, roach bombs and foggers can also deal with massive infestations, and when all else fails – you can always call an exterminator. Of these methods, roach powders and dry roach sprays are probably the most hassle-free ones. Other roach-killing methods such as traps or on-contact sprays are either just for monitoring or for smaller pest problems.

Roach powder buying guide

Almost all roach powders are odorless, don’t leave any stains, need to be applied in more or less the same manner, and are effective against most common household insects in addition to cockroaches.

So, to pick the right roach powder for your situation, you’ll need to consider these several factors:

  • What types of insects are you having problems with? There is a significant difference between products aimed at roaches, ones aimed at wasps, and powders for bedbugs, for example. Sure, they all claim to work against everything, but some are more effective against some insects and others are more effective against others
  • Do you want the product to be natural and safe for plants and animals or not? A lot of powders aimed for outdoor use in gardens are made to be safe for plants as using a heavy insecticide can effectively destroy your entire garden. This effectively means that they are usually less powerful than their more toxic counterparts, but when used correctly some good natural options can still be effective
  • Do you want a product with a permanent effect that you can just stuff into your walls or do you want something with a temporary effect that you can just use under the sink
  • How big do you want the product to be? Adequately figuring out how much product you’re going to need beforehand can save you a bit of change or can save you the need of having to buy more product next week
  • Price is rarely a consideration with roach powders as they are all similarly priced and not too expensive. Still, if you’re planning on using a lot of powder, choosing a cheaper but just as effective product can also save you some money.
  • The difference between the various roach powder brands can also be considered. Some are indeed known for decades of producing high-quality products, while others are either new and unknown on the market or are known for producing sub-par items. Here are the brands that we would recommend you look at first: Zap a Roach, Bayer, Enoz, Harris, Rockwell, BorActin, J. T. Eaton, DEsect, Hot Shot, and others.
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Other useful information about cockroach powders

If you absolutely have to use roach powder in a food cabinet or on a counter, remove all dishes from it and clean it as well as possible after you’re done with the roach powder.

Roach powder usage

So, what are some of the main things you should keep in mind when using roach powders?

    Location, location, location. It turns out that this isn’t just a marketing maxim, it’s also a vital principle when combating roach infestations. Roach powders aren’t something that you just dust around the apartment and hope to work. Roach powder works only when roaches and other insects are actively passing through it. Ideally, you want every single insect in your home to walk over the powder, but the more, the better. This means that the best way to use roach powder is to know the exact cracks and crevices your roaches and other insect pests are coming out of.

If you’ve pinpointed the location of the pests’ nest and its exits, all you’ll need to do is circle said exits with powder so the insects are forced to go through it. If you don’t know where exactly your unwanted insect guests are coming out of, it would help to at least know their usual routes and spread the powder there.

Expert tips

Take notice of the longevity of the product you’re using and, if necessary, replace it once said period is due. If you’ve noticed a decrease in insect activity after a while, you might want to use a roach monitoring tool like roach traps in between changing the powder to see if you even have a roach problem anymore. Still, remember not to use the traps and the powder together.

  • Don’t use products that counteract the effects of roach powder.Roach sprays may work well together with roach powders, but there are a lot of other roach killing or roach monitoring tools that can actually create problems. Roach traps, for example, are often used together with roach powder, but they actually lower their effectiveness. The whole point of the roach powder is that the insect needs to pass through it and successfully reach its nest. If it gets caught in a trap, however, it will die alone there and it won’t be able to infect and kill any other insects. Ill-placed lures, baits, and bait traps can also counteract roach powders as they can lure the pests away from the powder. Roach repellents are also an ill fit with roach powders as you want the roaches and other insects to actually pass through the powder and not be repelled away from it.
  • If you are going to use a lure with the roach powder, make sure that you place it in such a way that it actually attracts the insects into the powder. The easiest way to do that is to circle the lure completely with the powder. Even if the powder is inconspicuously placed, insects will often still notice it and choose to walk around it – don’t leave them any such routes. Adequately placing the lure and the powder can drastically improve your kill-rate.
  • Don’t mix the powder with water. There are a few types of roach powder that actually can be mixed with water into a paste and they usually say so on their instructions. Most types and brands of roach powder shouldn’t be mixed with water, however. Water will usually only dilute the active ingredient in the powder and make it less potent. Additionally, it tends to make insects avoid the resulting paste even more.
  • Keep the roach powder away from pets and children. Most roach powders are odorless so that they don’t tip of the insects the need to walk over them. As a side effect, they also won’t attract your pets’ or kids’ interest with their smell. They are still interesting-looking white powders, however, so you can see how your toddler, dog or cat can show interest in it. Cats typically have the good sense not to eat or touch insecticides from the floor, but the same can rarely be said about kids and dogs. So, make sure that the powder – both the bottle of still unused product and the powder you’ve just applied – are inaccessible to your pets and kids. Apply the powder only in places they can’t reach – under and behind counters and appliances. Alternatively, you might want to cut off the access of your kids and pets to the treated rooms or at least try to reason with your child not to eat the white poison off the floor.

To conclude

This makes roach powders and dusts into powerful tools that work much better than simple monitoring devices such as glue traps. At the same time, however, they can also pose risks for your pets and kids. Some roach dust and powders are not toxic to mammals but most still are. As such, applying them to places that a pet might lick them or a kid can choose to play with them is dangerous. For that reason, it’s best to apply roach killer dust and powders under and behind furniture and appliances, where they will be beyond the reach of your kids and pets. Fortunately, those are the places where you want to apply roach powders and dust anyway since those are the places that roaches and other insects frequent most often.

Finding the best roach powder or dust for your particular situation is crucial for dealing with the problem as quickly and as easily as possible. To that end, we hope we’ve been of at least a little assistance. And to wrap things up, here are once again the Top 3 best roach powders on the market right now:

  • The Zap A Roach Powder uses boric acid to exterminate any insect infestation you might be dealing with. It is odorless and it won’t stay the surfaces you chose to apply it onto, but it should be kept away from kids and pets.
  • The Harris Boric Acid Roach Powder also uses boric acid as its active ingredient. Applicable both indoors and outdoors, this powerful product is capable of easily wiping out entire nests at a time. What’s more, it also comes with a lure, as well as an applicator straw for easily reaching trickier spots and places.
  • The Bayer Tempo 1% Dust is a great insecticide that uses 1% of Cyfluthrin as its active ingredient. Thanks to it, the Tempo 1% Dust works wonders against more than just roaches and is applicable both indoors and outdoors. It is odorless and it doesn’t stain, but it should still be kept away from the reach of children and pets.

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