Method of disinsection of livestock buildings
Method of disinsection of livestock buildings
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method of disinsection of livestock buildings, which includes processing of livestock buildings by method of directional atomising with insecticidal composition which consists of fipronil, phenol-free coal-bearing kreoline and acetone. All components are taken at a specific ratio. And during processing of livestock buildings the insecticidal composition is used as 0.005-0.2% aqueous emulsions in an amount of at least 50 ml/m 2 for processing non-absorbing surfaces — glass, tile, metal, painted surfaces, and at least 100 ml/m 2 for processing absorbing surfaces — wood, brick, plaster.
EFFECT: invention enables to develop an effective method of disinsection of livestock buildings at extending the range of action on pests.
The invention relates to the field of disinfection of livestock buildings and can be used in the field of veterinary science and animal husbandry.
Insects are widely distributed in nature. In agriculture they play an important role. A significant number of them lives near animals. There is evidence that attacks a large number of insects (mosquitoes, flies, cows reduce milk production up to 30%, and the young are not gaining weight[1, 2, 3].
The damage caused by insects, is composed mostly of veterinary and economic indicators is that they are parasites and vectors of the causative agents of many infectious and parasitic diseases .
The need of combating arthropods requires the development and introduction into production of new, modern means of pest control [5, 6]. Today to combat the insects studied and recommended a large number of insecticides of different preparative forms based on synthetic pyrethroids (permethrin, deltamethrin, cypermethrin, fenvalerate), neonicotinoids (Imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, acetamiprid) and others, for example, «Aqua-VIR», «Arsenal», «Bazan», «Biorin», «Delicated», «INTA-VIR», «FAS», «Fumitoks» [5; 6; 7; 8; 9]. However, the repeated use of the same drugs leads to sustainable development the particular insects to them [10; 11].
Creolin bisphenolic coal has a strong disinfectant, antiseptic, and antiparasitic action. It is used in psoroptes animals for therapeutic and preventive purposes. Used for preventive and emergency disinfection, disinsection, desecuritize, desinvasion livestock and poultry premises, equipment, inventory, equipment, animal care, refills descobriu and desbrieres. For processing infected and festering wounds, cuts, creases hoof, and is also used for the treatment of burns, grapes, purulent conjunctivitis, eczema parasitic origin.
Known insecticide and acaricide product (RF patent 2150829, 2000, terminated), which includes creolin and the active substance is a synthetic PYRETHROID (or a mixture of pyrethroids). The drug is intended for treatment of plants or animals against ectoparasites. Also known acaricidal preparation Creakin-Leptonic containing the active ingredient cypermethrin and creolin (RF patent 2105549, 1998).
However, prolonged use of drugs with kraainem, active beginning in which are pyrethroids, against insects cause of resistance in their populations , which requires to increase the rates of consumption of drugs and the number of treatments [13, 14]. Therefore, the use is the use of pesticides from other groups with different mechanism of action perspective.
High insecticidal activity at low concentrations, the minimum consumption rate, long residual action and other features characteristic of the substance fipronil» group phenylpyrazoles .
On the basis of fipronil known stuff means «Given» (patent of the Russian Federation 2181243, 2002), «Insecta-plus» (patent of the Russian Federation 2340181, 2007), insecticide and acaricide solution and concentrate insecticide and acaricide composition (patent of the Russian Federation 2384065, 2007), a drug for the treatment and prevention of arachnocampa mammalian animals (RF patent 2348398, 2007) and the method of treatment and prevention of arachno-Antimonov and animal medicine for the treatment and prevention of arachno-Antimonov mammalian animals (RF patent 2329797, 2007; RF patent 2329796, 2007). In the above-mentioned tools and methods we have not found any composition containing fipronil and creolin.
The aim of the present invention to provide an effective method of disinfection in livestock buildings in expanding the range of actions on harmful insects, including resistant to PYRETHROID tools.
The invention, in particular the method of disinfection of livestock buildings, is solved due to the fact that in the method of disinfection of livestock buildings capable of handling livestock premises directional method is ecocaildego spraying insecticidal composition, according to the invention as insecticidal composition use composition containing the solvent acetone as a base with a weak insecticidal properties, creolin bisphenolic coal, as an active substance that is effective against resistant to pyrethroids insects fipronil, in the following ratio, wt.%:
Creolin bisphenolic coal — 90,
Fipronil is an insecticide from the group of phenylpyrazoles contact and stomach action with long lasting effect. The substance is registered on the territory of the Russian Federation. It is a white, odourless powder.
Creolin bisphenolic coal has insecticidal, antiseptic, antiparasitic action. Is a mixture of coal oil, rosin, sodium Ichthyol, neonols and water. In appearance it is an oily liquid, transparent in a thin layer, with the smell kamenopoulou oil, dark brown to black-brown color. With water forms a stable emulsion with petty-white or milky gray. Produced on the territory of the Russian Federation.
According to the invention, in the processing of livestock buildings take into account the type of the workpiece and is used in acticity composition in the form of 0.005-0.2%of the current water emulsions in amounts not less than 50 ml/m 2 for processing non-absorbent surfaces (glass, tile, metal, painted surfaces and not less than 100 ml/m 2 for processing absorbent surfaces (wood, brick, stucco).
The technical result of the invention to provide an efficient method of pest control in livestock buildings in expanding the range of actions on harmful insects, including resistant to PYRETHROID tools.
The invention is carried out by the following examples.
Example 1. The preparation of the insecticidal composition
Weigh the required amount of fipronil and with constant stirring (for example, using a magnetic stirrer) was dissolved in acetone. Then connect the estimated volumes of creolin and dissolved in acetone of fipronil, continuing to stir. The mixture is poured into plastic 1-2 l carboys. The components and their ratios are presented in table 1:
|The components of the insecticidal composition|
|2||Creolin bisphenolic coal||90|
Example 2. Insecticidal activity of the proposed structure against adult Musca domestica in laboratory conditions
Insecticidal activity of the mixture of fipronil and craolina Besfamilnov coal was estimated using measured contact against adult flies (Musca domestica) in laboratory culture. Lethal concentration IC50for the active ingredient (fipronil) was calculated by weighted probit analysis , table 2.
|CK50(A.I) mixtures of fipronil and craolina at different ratio of components|
|The ratio of components in the mixture of fipronil:creolin bisphenolic coal (%)||The number of insects in the experience||CK50, %|
The results of laboratory tests insecticidal activity of the claimed composition lethal dose funds for flies laboratory culture averaged SD5014,0, SD8436,0, SD99,5179,0 ug/g mass of insects on A.I. (fipronil). The composition has irreversible insecticidal effect.
Example 3. Evaluation of the sensitivity of adult Musca domestica laboratory cultures and natural populations to PYRETHROID means and the claimed composition
In laboratory conditions compared insecticidal activity of the proposed structure against adult flies laboratory and natural populations with activity products based on pyrethroids dosed method of shielding according to the «guidance. » , table 3.
|The sensitivity of adult Musca domestica laboratory cultures and natural populations to PYRETHROID means and the claimed composition|
|Medication||The number of insects in the experience||SD, μg A.I/g mass of insects||The rate of resistance|
|The claimed composition (A.I fipronil)||180||14,0||36,0||179,0||—|
|FAS (A.I. deltamethrin)||240||0,31||1,05||the 7.43||—|
|Samarovka-insecticide (A.I. cypermethrin)||160||2,85||8,00||40,40||—|
|The claimed composition (A.I||180||16,0||35,0||192,0||1,1|
|FAS (A.I. deltamethrin)||240||1,00||2,72||13,19||3,2|
|Samarovka-insecticide (A.I. cypermethrin)||230||7,50||29,60||255,75||2,6|
From the table it follows that the sensitivity of the flies laboratory cultures and natural populations of the claimed composition does not differ. The sensitivity of the flies natural population to a PYRETHROID preparations are lower than those of flies laboratory culture, which indicates the development process of sustainable natural flies to pyrethroids.
Example 4. The study of the insecticidal activity of the claimed composition and products based on pyrethroids against adult Musca domestica on a variety of surfaces
In laboratory conditions compared insecticidal activity of the proposed structure against adult flies with activity products based on pyrethroids method of forced contact to the test object according to the «Methodical is the punishment. » . Used glass and wooden test objects with an area of 100 cm 2 that spray was applied aqueous emulsion (VA) insecticide in a volume of 0.5 ml and 1 ml, respectively (table 4).
|Insecticidal efficacy of the proposed structure against adult Musca domestica on a variety of surfaces in comparison with products based on pyrethroids (mg A.I/100 cm 2 )|
|Medication||Surface||The number of insects in the experience||SD50||SD84||SD99.5|
|The claimed composition (A.I fipronil)||glass||180||0,0085(0,0067÷0,0107)||0,013(0,0095÷0,0183)||0,026(0,017÷0,041)|
|FAS (A.I. deltamethrin)||glass||0,024(0,013÷0,045)||0,109(0,048÷0,253)|
|Samarovka-insecticide (A.I. cypermethrin)||glass||420||0,020(0,010÷0,040)||0,088(0,034÷0,234)||0,926(0,253÷3,397)|
To determine the residual insecticidal action means on the surfaces of the contacting insects spend the first 7 days after treatments test objects daily, and later with an interval of 6-7 days. For the experiments used flies 3-5 days of age.
From the data presented in table 4, it is seen that the composition for insecticidal action on surfaces is not inferior to the famous high-performance products. Residual insecticidal activity on his glass and wooden test objects at the level of 60-100% (depending on dose action the existing substances) remained 10-12 weeks.
Example 5. A study of the effectiveness of the proposed method of disinfection of livestock buildings
Production tests we conducted in FSUE ochos Tyumen region. Processed internal walls, Windows and entrance gates pigpen water emulsion tools using the sprayer Oleo-Mac. This took into account the type of the processed surfaces: absorbent (wood, plaster, etc. or non-absorbent (glass, metal, tiles etc), effective dosages which can vary considerably according to literature data  and our own studies . Use the same dosages for different types of surfaces can lead to irrational consumption of the drug, so in a production environment, we used the concentration of the claimed composition CK99,5calculated on the basis of laboratory experiments for two types of surfaces: absorbent and non-absorbent.
Example 2: DM99,5for glass surfaces was 0,026 mg A.I/100 cm 2 (the upper limit 0,041), which corresponds to 0,0052% (upper limit 0,0082%) water emulsion. For convenience of preparation of working emulsions in the production conditions, these values were rounded up to 0,005-0,01%. SD99,5for wooden surfaces was 0,882 mg A.I/100 cm 2 (the upper limit 1,946), which corresponds to 0,088%(upper limit of € 0.195%) water emulsion. For convenience of preparation of working emulsions in the production conditions, these values were rounded to 0.1-0.2%.
Thus, in the production were tested 0,005-0,010% water emulsion of funds on non-absorbent surfaces (glass, painted walls, metal surfaces) and 0.1 to 0.2% emulsion of water — absorbent surfaces (brick, wood, stucco) with primary processing of non-absorbent surfaces in order to save the drug.
For counting the number of flies spent fishing during the day on sticky sheets of size 10×50 cm, located in 8 accounting spots of the room, and counted the average number of individuals per 1 m 2 surface. The number of adult insects accounted for three days prior to disinfection before and after full recovery of their number in the premises. The effectiveness of disinfection expressed in absolute numbers and in percentage. The residual effect was considered effective as long as the number of insects was reduced by 70% or more.
The number of insects in the room before treatment was 6.2 thousand individuals/m 2 after disinsection decreased to 0.56 tycooly/M. Thus, the insecticidal effectiveness of the proposed structure in production environments was 91%. Residual insecticidal activity was maintained for 14 days. Full restoration of the number of the items insects observed on the 20th day after the treatment. Thus, the problem is solved.
Sources of information
1. Pavlov S.D. Economic effect for the protection of animals from insects. // Problems of vet. sanitation. — Tyumen, 1962. — T.20. — P.172-178.
2. Nepoklonov AA Status and prospects of combating arthropod pests of farm animals in the USSR. // Problems of vet. sanitation. Tr. VNIIS. — 1968. — T. — P.3-9.
3. Veselkin GA Combating flies on dairy farms. // Sat. scient. works. Materials wet. arachnology and wet. sanitation. — Tyumen, 1969. — Issue 1. — P.185-189.
4. Veselkin G., Pavlov S.D. From the experience of combat telezoom cattle by destroying pasture flies. // Sat. scient. works. Materials on vet. arachno-entomology and wet. sanitation. — 1969. No. 1. — S-184.
5. Roslavtseva S.A. New means of medical aircraft. // Hygiene and sanitation. — 1992. No. 9/10. — P.60-64.
6. Bakanova E.I. Modern preparative forms of insectoacaricidal and some aspects of their use. // Des. case. — 2004. No. 4. — P.57-63.
7. Autors VP Pyrethrins and synthetic pyrethroids. / Wppreview, Upolu. // Honey. parasitol. — 1987. No. 4. — P.76-82.
8. Roslavtseva S.A. Neonicotinoids — a promising new group of insecticides. // Agrochemistry. — 2000. No. 1. 49 — 52.
9. Autors VP Medical disinsection. The basic principles, tools and methods. / Wppreview, Laspotech, Pehodarov. — Ekaterinburg Is: Postively, 1999. — 320 S.
10. Pavlov S.D. ON resistance insect complex mosquitoes and house flies to modern insecticides. / Sdepablos, Repaula, Simalube. // Mat. VII Interregional meeting of entomologists Siberia and the Far East within the Siberian Zoological conference 20-24 September. — Novosibirsk, 2006. -S-418.
11. Roslavtseva S.A. Danger of the formation of resistance to insecticidal the vectors of pathogens of infectious diseases. // Dandelo. — 2008. No. 2. — P.52-56.
12. Sokolyansky BTW Esterase the formation mechanisms of resistance in house flies (Musca Domestica) to insecticides from different chemical classes. / BTW, Sokolyansky, D.V. Amirkhanov. // Agrochemistry. — 2008. No. 7. — P.56-61.
13. Lineva VA the Emergence of houseflies resistant to DDT and HCH. / Vasileva, Vpoulob. // Honey. Parasitology. — 1952. No. 3. — S-336.
14. Zakharenko VA Strategy to overcome the resistance of pests to pesticides. // Current status of the problem of resistance of pests, pathogens and weeds to pesticides in Russia and adjacent countries at the turn of the XXI century: materials of the IX meeting, 20-22 Dec. 2002, St. Petersburg.- SPb.: 2002. — P.8-9.
15. MARINA Kostina. The basic directions of perfection of disinfection measures at the present stage. // Des. case. — 2003. No. 1. — 51 S.
16. Pavlov S.D. Study of the effectiveness of the Insa the pesticides and resistance insect to their action dosed method of contact (methodical recommendations). / Sdepablos, Repaula. — Tyumen: the Publishing house of the Federal state educational institution of higher professional education «Tyumen state agricultural Academy», 2005. — 38 S.
17. Nepoklonov A.A. guidelines for the testing of pesticides to control ectoparasites on animals. / A.A. Nepoklonov, GA Talanov. — M.: agricultural Sciences, 1973. — 48 S.
18. Nabokov VA Contact insecticides, their properties and application in medical aircraft. — M.: Medgiz, 1958. — 246 S.
19. Levchenko M.A. Comparative evaluation of the efficacy of new insecticides and spraying equipment during disinfection of livestock buildings against flies. // The Diss. on saisc. academic degree CVN specialty 03.00.19. Tyumen, 2009.
20. RF patent 2181243, 21.06.2001.
21. RF patent 2340181, 06.03.2007.
22. RF patent 2384065, 10.12.2007.
23. RF patent 2348398, 15.06.2007.
24. RF patent 2329797, 09.02.2007.
25. RF patent 2329796, 09.02.2007.
26. RF patent 2150829, 02.11.1998.
27. RF patent 2105549, 27.02.1998.
The method of disinfection of livestock buildings, including the processing of livestock premises by the method of directed atomized spraying insecticidal composition which comprises fipronil, creoline Besfamilnov coal and acetone in the following ratio, wt.%:
|Creolin bisphenolic coal||90|
when handling livestock buildings insecticidal composition used in the form of 0.005-0.2%of the current water emulsions in amounts not less than 50 ml/m 2 for processing non-absorbent surfaces — glass, tile, metal, painted surfaces and not less than 100 ml/m 2 for processing absorbent surfaces — wood, brick, stucco.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and can be used for surface application of liquid solutions. Device with flight vehicles comprises a propeller and a flexible frame. There are tensioners on the propeller. The flexible frame is equipped with flight vehicles and a solution duct with sprayers. The flexible frame is kinematically connected to the tensioners. The solution duct with sprayers is located on the flexible frame by adjustable suspension units.
EFFECT: possibility is provided of orientation of the solution duct with sprayers in three-dimensional space.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for agricultural purposes and can be used to protect plants from harmful organisms with biological or chemical agents. The sprayer contains a reservoir for the agent, a cap, a nipple, a filter, a spraying nozzle and a tap. The tap is designed as a valve connected to the angle lever. One end of the lever is used to open with the user’s hand finger. The second end of the lever has a mount for the cord. The cord provides the ability to control the valve on top. Between the valve and the spraying nozzle a bracket with a collet is placed.
EFFECT: bracket enables to mount the sprayer to the holder.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery, mainly to the sprayers for treatment of field crops and perennial crops with small doses of fluid flow. The ultralow-volume sprayer includes a frame, a tank, pipelines, an equalisation tank with a crane, an air duct with a crane and the pressure regulator and a dispenser having flow-generating device with an air gap type nozzle. What is new is that the sprayer casing has a T-shaped pneumo-channel, a hydro-cavity with a feeding tube and a hydro-channel, at that the upper output of the pneumo-channel and the hydro-cavity have membrane-type valves with rigid centers, fixed to the lever of the sprayer casing, and on both sides of the sprayer casing there are limiters of lever travel with a return spring.
EFFECT: increased technical capacity of the sprayer, improving the quality of treatment, formation of a compact flow and reduce working fluid loss.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rodent pest control, particularly common rats, house mice and voles. The artificial pheromone attractant complex consists of synthetic pH dependent volatile substances from rodent urine, specifically trimethylamine, n-butylamine and isobutylamine in ratio of 1:1:1, neutralised by acetic, propionic and n-butyric acid in ratio of 1:1:1 in 0.1% aqueous solutions.
EFFECT: preparation increases rat catching rate by 2,6 times and house mice catching rate by 4 times compared to conventional traps in which no olfactory attractant is added; the preparation also attracts common voles and field mice unlike conventional traps.
SUBSTANCE: method includes division of a protection area into three parts — a central one and two side ones, complete extermination of unwanted vegetation with herbicides in the central part and selective extermination of vegetation of accelerated and fast growth in side parts. Treatment of vegetation in the central part with herbicides is carried out by contact spraying with addition of encrusted seeds of permanent grasses into composition of the working herbicide solution. Seeds prior to incrustation are treated with a solution of salts with hygroscopic property.
EFFECT: method will make it possible to increase duration of time period between treatments in the central part of the protection area and to considerably reduce costs for maintenance of forest ranges in protection areas of air power transmission lines in normative condition.
SUBSTANCE: this invention covers anti-chemical protection of plants from weeds and pests. The sprayer comprises a rod with injectors, fan, and pump and pesticide tank. Fan and pump are installed at a reducer unit. Fan and pump are driven from utility shaft drive. Fan is equipped with bells. Air ducts are pin-mounted at each bell. Pipe ducts with injectors are attached to the bottom portion of an air duct. Stiffening frame is attached to the upper portion of an air duct. Injection nozzles are mounted at the end portion of an air duct. Nozzles are installed circumferentially. Air and pipe ducts are made of plastic material with rubber isolation joints.
EFFECT: ease of design, simultaneous directional atomizing and low-capacity spraying.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and may be used in gardening, vegetable growing and for taking care of various plants. The sprayer comprises a supercharger and a sprinkler. The supercharger is a submersible pump of vibration type. The outlet nozzle of the pump is serially connected to a chamber of controlled pressure and a cooling chamber. The controlled pressure chamber comprises a valve, a pressure gauge and an outlet nozzle. The cooling chamber is fixed above the pump electromagnet. The spraying fan drive is an electric motor or a hand electric mower of rotor type.
EFFECT: invention provides for reduced labour intensiveness and consumption of solution, higher efficiency.
SUBSTANCE: selective velospraying machine, moved by the operator, provides a basic bicycle 1 with a side wheel and a pipe with nozzles 15 for liquid chemicals feeding of the treated crops. A high construction frame 2 is attached to the frame of the base bicycle with a lateral pipe with nozzles 15 for liquid chemicals feeding of the treated crops. The side wheel is fixed to the rack, which is connected to the construction frame by means of swing arm 5 with a movable element and the lock, and a horizontal rod, fixed in a side pipe with the possibility of extension. The nozzles 15 have a device 17 to install them and fix on the side pipe and horizontal rod, made with the possibility of regulation of their height and width to feet the selective plots.
EFFECT: design of velospraying machine is universal, because it allows lateral adjustment of the wheels and nozzles, depending on the width of space between rows of cultivated plots Its use will reduce labor costs involved in spraying.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery. In the spraying device a vertical rotating rod (4) with spraying devices is made L-shaped with its upper end bending down at an angle close to 45° towards its horizontal part. The rod has the ability to rotate relative to the longitudinal vertical plane of symmetry of the sprayer at an angle close to ±90°. Vertical hinges of the rod rotation are placed behind the two rear frame uprights (1) connected by hinge brackets (7). On vertical frame racks on tiers pairs of longitudinal axes (11) are mounted for installation of replacement horizontal bars intended for processing short-stalked croppers. The upper rotary joint of L-shaped rod is located between the tiers of the longitudinal axes. The vertical frame racks (1) are joined at the upper part with a crankshaft crossbar (10) equipped at the ends with mounting holes for mounting stretches holding replacement horizontal rods. The bracket (9) of mounting a hydraulic cylinder (8) of the vertical rod rotation is mounted at one end on the container (2), and one of the hinges (5) of the rod rotation is equipped with a silent block.
EFFECT: expansion of the spraying device functionality which makes its use economically viable in small berry-cultural farms with a wide range of small-fruit crops and field crops.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a plant chemical treatment technology, in particular it may be used for perennial horticultural palmette plantation perfusion. The device for plant chemical treatment contains tunnel shelters above the plant rows equipped with adjustable height screens, catching vessels with funnels, a conduit and a pump for spent liquid discharge into a reservoir. The atomisers for liquid preparation delivery into the internal space of the tunnel shelters are located along their contour in the middle part so that to enable their position and quantity adjustment depending on plantation head size.
EFFECT: invention allows to reduce preparations consumption, increase plant treatment quality, simplify the mechanism construction.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and can be used to protect plants from pests. The method of biological control of phytophagous mites involves the use of predatory mite-eating gall midges. Gall midges are bred and accumulated on the soyabean plants infested with red spider. The plants are cut. Ready biomaterial in the form of eggs, larvae and pupae on soybean plants are packed. Biomaterial is delivered to the place of production and laid on plants.
EFFECT: more effective biological control of phytophagous mites is provided.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to insecticides. An anti-moth agent in spray form contains transfluthrin, neonol and phenoxyethanol as solvents, and water as a base, with the following ratio of components (wt %): transfluthrin — 0.2-0.6; neonol 9.10 -0.5-3.0; phenoxyethanol — 0.5-3.0; odorant — 0.05-0.1; water — the balance.
EFFECT: invention increases efficiency of the agent.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to biological plant protection from pests. In the process of biological control of sucking pests of agricultural crops, predatory thrips are bred of kind of Scolothrips Hinds (S. acariphagus Jakh., S. sexmaculatus Perg., S. longicornis Pr.). They are accumulated in soybean plants infected with Tetranychidae. The plants with a predator are cut and packed. The ready biomaterial is delivered to the release site.
EFFECT: increased efficiency is achieved of control of arthropod pests by better adaptation of biological control agents.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means and methods of attraction and reduction of the number of arthropods that transmit pathogens of encephalitis, tick-borne borreliosis and some other diseases. Autonomous trap-complex contains a trolley with two platforms, a battery, a reversing fan, a tube with attractant to attract mites, a tube with the attractant to attract mosquitoes, a vibrator and receiving collectors for mites. Tubes with the attractant and receiving collectors for mites contain heaters. Tube for attracting mosquitoes has a bell. Through the bell when switching the fan reverser the mosquitoes are absorbed. The vibrator provides a surface acoustic wave to attract mites.
EFFECT: possibility of reducing the number of mites and mosquitoes is achieved without the use of chemicals.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and may be used to study the species composition of insects and their migration. A trap to account insects comprises a cylinder, a sleeve, a funnel and guides. The cylinder is connected to guides. The sleeve and the funnel are installed inside the cylinder. The funnel is made with the cylindrical upper part. The cylinder, the sleeve and the cylindrical part of the funnel have a combined longitudinal slot. The cylindrical part of the funnel and the external cylinder protrude above the soil surface at the height of the cut of the cylindrical part of the funnel. Simplicity in extraction of the gathered material is achieved.
EFFECT: invention provides for the possibility to separately gather surface and soil insects.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the field of agriculture, in particular, to beekeeping. The proposed beehive comprises a frame 1 with a bee entrance 2 and a step 3, a flight board 6, a cover 4, installed in the beehive frame and a support 5. The flight board 6 is arranged as detachable and is mounted on the frame 1 with the help of a facility providing for its retention in cantilever manner at the angle to the vertical plane of the beehive making 120-150 degrees, not touching the soil surface with the board edge. Between the frame 1 of the beehive and the support 5 or on legs of the support 5, tightly covering them, there are anti-insect facilities 9, preferably of a cylindrical or conical shape with their top down, and their external surface is arranged smooth, providing for sliding of insects off their surface.
EFFECT: invention prevents penetration of insects into a beehive with provision of safety for bees and other useful insects.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to substance spraying by catalytic combustion. Proposed sprayer comprises container 4, 27 with fluid to be evaporated. Said container is furnished with wick 6, 29 with its first end dipped in said fluid and its second end kept outside of said container. Sprayer includes spraying head 2 with catalytic combustion zone and evaporation zone. Note here that said spraying head 2 is connected with said second end of the wick to allow head withdrawal. Said wick 6, 29 is secured to said container by container closing element. Note here that said container, said closing element and said wick are assembled so that disassembly is inhibited to make tight rechargeable unit 3a, 3b. Said spraying head 2 is supported, at least, partially, nearby or on second end of said wick 6, 29 by protective case 1. Note here that said case comprises box 1a to house said rechargeable unit 3a, 3b. Said box 1 comprises supporting element 1b to retain spraying head 2 and allow its withdrawal. Said supporting element 1b has cutout to allows passage for said wick 6, 29. Said supporting element 1b and said case 1a make integral unit. Bottom of said case 1b has opening 16 to fit said container therein. Top of said box 1a has opening 13c to fit said container therein. At least, said second end of said wick 6, 29 is provided with wick strengthening means. Said sprayer comprises perforated cover 12 provided with cutouts 12a to allow tight closing by turning inner perforated element relative to outer perforated element. Said spraying head 2 is furnished with regulated flame reducer 21, 40 to regulate spraying intensity.
EFFECT: higher safety.
SUBSTANCE: device is designed so that air is sucked through the inlet opening by means of propulsion of an axial fan and is passed through the device for containing a chemical agent that contains the active ingredient for pest control, for formation of air containing this active ingredient. The air is discharged through the outlet opening for dispersing the active ingredient into the surrounding atmosphere. An inlet opening located in front of the fan, opens in its axial direction. The outlet opening located behind the fan, opens in its radial direction. An annular wall is provided surrounding the fan, and a flow channel for air providing connection between the outlet section of the fan and the outlet opening to convert air coming from an axial fan in its axial direction, into the air, moving in its radial direction.
EFFECT: air cooling device for pest control is proposed, which is preferably used as portable on the user’s body part and is highly effective in combating insect pests.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular to biological methods of plant protection. The method to control insect pests, mainly with thrips, in vineyards with snouted mites lies in use of complexes consisting of several native and introduced species of mites (phytoseyide, ameroseyide and aceoseyide) of different trophic orientation. The complexes are produced consistently in several stages. The complex with dominated specialised snouted mites is produced in the period before flowering, and a complex of non-specialised snouted mites species — during the growth of berries.
EFFECT: invention improves the efficiency of control of insect pests of grapes, and increase the production of high quality environmentally friendly products due to expanding the spectrum of action of snouted mites and increasing the number of trophic links in ampelocoenosis.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of applied entomology, it can be used in biological research and in planning organisational and medical measures to protect humans and animals from bloodsucking mosquitoes. The device comprises an independent source of electron supply placed in the housing 1, as well as a microphone 5 with an amplifier 6, a heating system consisting of a board with heating elements 3. A gauze screen 4 is placed over the heating elements, which is saturated with attractant, such as meat juice. Control devices and the connectors for hooking up power cable and outlet are mounted on the housing with the ability to connect to the data link. A metal plate 7 with a threaded hole for mounting the unit to a tripod is placed on the housing 1.
EFFECT: invention makes enables to monitor on-line the degree of activity and aggressiveness of mosquitoes in nature or in hard-to-reach places, for example, insects in the basements of houses without direct contact with a human.
FIELD: plant protection.
SUBSTANCE: invention provides insecticide S,S’-[2-(dimethylamino)trimetylene] dibenzothiosulfonate (Bankol, Bensulban, Vicbenone, Rubane) in the form of white crystalline powder highly efficient against lepidoptera and coleoptera agricultural pests from lepidoptera and coleoptera families, in particular against Colorado beetle in potato crops. In order to obtain wettable insecticidal powders based on S,S’-[2-(dimethylamino)trimetylene] dibenzothiosulfonate and containing filling material, dispersant, and sticking agent, all components are mixed in water-soluble ketone medium at 55 to 80 о С, after which solvent is gradually distilled away. Foe example, following components are used, wt parts: S,S’-[2-(dimethylamino)trimetylene] dibenzothiosulfonate 50, carbon white 50, surfactant based on α-olefin fraction C12-C14 8-10, sodium ligninsulfonate (sticking agent) 1-25, and water-soluble ketone 50-100.
EFFECT: simplified preparation technology, reduced power and material consumption, and improved quality of insecticide due to uniform distribution thereof on carrier surface.