How to remove parasites like mites, lice, fleas at Guinea Pigs fur

How to remove parasites like mites, lice, fleas at Guinea Pigs’ fur

Nobody wants parasites like mites, lice or fleas by housing Guinea Pigs. Unfortunately parasites are usual if you keep Guinea Pigs.

Mites, Lice, Fleas, Ticks — unwanted subtenants

Fight against Parasites on Guinea Pigs

[Auto translated] There are a couple of parasites that your Guinea Pig may be infected with or could be attacked from. Unfortunately parasites are usual if you keep Guinea Pigs. Most common parasites are mites, lice and of cource fleas. The symptoms or indications are beeing the same but the therapy vary.

Some Skin Parasites always live in the fur and/or on the skin of Guinea Pigs in a small population and there is no problem with that if its immune system of your cavy is intact and could defend an outbreak. But if one of your Guinea Pigs runs in trouble and get sick or is stressed out for some reason it may result in an outbreak of parasites because their population strongly increased which further effect the cavy and the parasites will pass from the first infected to the other. If you have a hunch that one of your cavies has such a problem you should not hesitate to got to veterinary soon to clarify and separate the affected cavy.

Common Skin Parasites

  • Selnic mits who are also known as mange mites
  • The Guinea Pig lice / biting lice
  • Flea
  • Ticks (mostly common if you keep your pigs outside)

Reasons for parasite infestation

  • Some parasite always live in the Guinea Pigs fur. Others come along from infected food like grass, hay or straw and jump over.
  • For some other sickness or stress the population increased strongly.
  • A weakened Guinea Pig is more susceptible to parasites.
  • You do not only pay for your Guinea Pig, you also payed for a couple of parasites in pet store.

Treatment of parasite infestation

Note: The visible flea are only about 5% of the population and flea is a zoonotic disease! You should care about you and other animals like cats and dogs too!

  • Ticks are not really a problem for Guinea Pigs but you should remove them using a special ticks remover tool.
  • For a better condition of your pigs you can supply vitamin C in water.
  • Please take notice: In most cases do not bath your cavy! It is not useful because bathing is very stressful which can encourage the problem! Check out out page about bathing Guinea Pigs

    Identify Guinea Pig Biting Lice

    Read our detailed article about Biting Lice.

    Outbreak of Mites on Guinea Pigs

    Read our detailed article about mites.

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    How Do I Treat My Guinea Pig For Fleas?

    If you notice that your guinea pig has fleas, then you’ll need to purchase a special guinea pig-friendly flea spray or shampoo from your vet. Flea products for other species may contain chemicals which are poisonous to guinea pigs, so your guinea pigs will need a species-specific version. Adults should follow the instructions carefully, but bear in mind that it may be a good idea to give your guinea pig a bath first so that there’s no grease or dirt getting in the way of the treatment. You’ll need to treat your guinea pigs all at the same time, as well as thoroughly cleaning out their home and treating any other pets you may have that are liable to get fleas.

    Fleas are transferred easily between animals

    Fleas can be transferred between guinea pigs, other pets, and humans. You can use species-specific treatments on your other pets but be careful not to get these products near your guinea pigs.

    Fleas on Pigs

    Video of the Day

    Fleas and other similar bloodsucking pests can be a problem for pets and humans. Pigs are less vulnerable as their thick skin protects them from most flea bites. This may be good news for pigs, but they can still spread fleas to humans which can lead to problems such as rashes and the transmission of diseases. Like with pet cats and dogs, measures can be taken to stop fleas carried by pigs from harming humans.

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    The dirty state of pig sties are a good condition for fleas and other similar pests to breed. There is very little that can be done about this, but those working in and around pigs should consider wearing insect replant so fleas do not bite them or come back home with them.

    Pet Pigs

    The most common pig to have as a pet is the pot-bellied pig. These animals have very thick skin which fleas cannot bite through so the pig is unaffected. They are still capable of bringing fleas back into the house in the same way as cats and dogs so a flea collar is a good idea.


    Young pigs are particularly susceptible to flea bites as their skin is not thick enough to ward off the bites. If a farmed or pet pig has an insect bite on its skin treat it immediately with an anti-bacterial spray to stop the animal from scratching it. If necessary, a plastic cone can be placed around the pig’s neck.


    Many people worry about using pesticides around any animal because of the risk of harming it indirectly. There are several animal-safe pesticides that can be used and also some natural remedies. Scented oils, like lavender and eucalyptus, both deter fleas.


    With fleas, the best tactic is prevention rather than cure. With farmed pigs, this is difficult so a pesticide may be the only choice, but for pet pigs it is vital to make sure their bedding is clean and the house regularly vacuumed.

    How Do Guinea Pigs Get Fleas?

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    Fleas are always a cause of concern especially when you have pets of your own.

    When we talk about fleas, dogs and cats are a famous pairing of household animals that come to mind as numerous products and informative articles dedicated to battling fleas use canines and felines as the prime example of animal furs where fleas tend to reside.

    What most of us tend to forget is nearly every creature with hairs and furs attached to their body can get in contact with fleas, especially Guinea Pigs.

    Understanding Fleas

    It’s easy to identify fleas when you see one.

    These small crawling bugs hide between hairs and attach itself deep into the skin. As they can be very small, they can be merely as big as the tip of a pointed paintbrush.

    Fleas have a dark shade of color either between black or brown and are built with a flat body along with a hard shell for protection.

    These protective features that make up pesky fleas are what makes it quite difficult to remove them.

    While the flea anatomy is that they do not come with wings, but unfortunately, they make good jumpers, which allows them to jump onto another pet easily through a great distance.

    To make fleas even more annoying to remove, they reproduce at a rapid pace.

    This is the main reason as to why simply killing of these creatures often won’t lead to ridding fleas entirely.

    Flea bites can lead to skin damage from vigorous itching and scratching, which lays opportunities for infections to spread.

    A swarm of fleas produces big risks in dermatitis and anemia.

    Pets with untreated fleas pose a big risk to both them and people.

    These critters can reside in your carpets and bedding.

    So once you start spotting fleas, taking the right preventive measurements can keep you and your guinea pig an itching escape.

    How Do Guinea Pigs Get Fleas?

    We can’t exactly pinpoint to one answer as there are a number of factors needed to be considered surrounding the environment that your guinea pig was and or currently placed in.

    A more common reason being if you have other pets around your home, the chances for fleas to spread to your guinea pig can be high.

    Not only that, but fleas are also present in grass areas so if you’re one to let your guinea pig roam around in the garden, fleas can cling onto the hairs easily even with a slight brush of wind among the grass.

    However, people can also be at fault as we ourselves can be a carrier of fleas especially if we have been petting another infested animal before handling your pet.

    3. Spotting Fleas on Your Guinea Pig

    Spotting fleas on your guinea pig can be relatively easy, despite it being smaller than your regular four-legged household pets.

    A clear indication of a flea infestation is the increasing amount of scratching.

    Identifying this first behavior in your pet means you’ll need to immediately check around its fur for black critters or bites present on the skin between the hairs.

    Fleas may leave debris such as dirt mostly if you have let your guinea pig roam the outdoors.

    Identifying flea bites can be relatively fast as these bites look like a small red bump and may come in a group of pairs or more.

    Some bite marks can also come with a red circle around it.

    As flea bites are incredibly uncomfortable for your pet, you should begin treating the fleas itching your guinea pig before any form of rash appears.

    Preventive Measures from Fleas on Your Guinea Pig

    Hygiene is a priority when it comes to flea prevention.

    Getting rid of fleas is a continuous cycle of diligence and not just a one-time routine. Understanding what causes fleas and how to treat them is the first couple of steps into getting you and your guinea pig a flea-ridden home.

    Regularly Wash Your Hands

    Constantly keeping yourself reminded to keep your hands clean before handling your guinea pig is the first most important step in preventing flea infestation.

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    People are often only used to washing their hands after handling their guinea pig that they would forget of health risks unwashed hands can pose to their pet.

    Prevent from taking your Guinea Pig Outdoors

    Giving your guinea pig the most tempting opportunity to roam the outdoors may seem like a good idea.

    However, a happy guinea pig can also return with new crawling friends hidden in its hairs.

    While letting your guinea pig enjoy a good time outside, remember that treating fleas will also require an ample amount of patience and effort just from one visit through the garden.

    Routinely Check Your Guinea Pig for Fleas

    Even if your little friend is not itching as much as it is expected to during a flea infestation, it is always best to run a routine check up on the fur and skin of your guinea pig on a daily basis.

    Identifying flea bites at the start before your pet begins scratching itself crazy prevents further injuries it may inflict on itself from the itching.

    Keep a Clean Environment for your Guinea Pig

    This applies for both your pets cage and your own living space.

    Start by regularly change the cage bedding once it starts to get dirty to remove fleas from populating the area and spreading to the entirety of the cage.

    It is also best to note that a clean environment does not necessarily protect your guinea pig from malicious infections, but it significantly reduces serious health issues that invite parasitic problems.

    Not only that, it has been mentioned before that fleas do not only live on hair and skin, but also on your furniture and carpets.

    Keeping your home clean regularly makes it a much healthier and comfortable living space for both you and your guinea pig.

    Applying Preventive Measures on Other Household Pets

    If you have other pets in your home, applying the necessary preventive measures on them helps to reduce the risk of a flea infestation in your home.

    Measures such as flea collars, baths, and routine check-ups improve the overall health and environment of your home.

    5. Treating Fleas on your Guinea Pig

    Finding fleas on your pet can be alarming at first, but once you’ve gotten the hang of removing fleas, you’ll be able to keep your guinea pig clean and happy like a pro.

    When it comes to fleas, the main goal is to get rid of them for good.

    Killing fleas can be easily done with a bath.

    You’d be surprised to know that using shampoos is not the main weapon that kills fleas, but the water provides the largest impact in making sure these annoying crawlers drown.

    Unfortunately, bathing may be a very stressful time for your pet, therefore you will need to be extremely gentle and try to make the bathing session short and efficient.

    A shallow bowl that has been filled with warm water will be a sufficient bathing space for your guinea pig.

    Then, proceed to pick your pet with a gentle grasp and begin bathing.

    Remember, the key here to making sure the fleas are washed away during the bath is to be gentle yet firm with your guinea pig as much as possible.

    Choosing the Right Shampoos

    When it comes to bathing your guinea pig, you must never use shampoos made for the human head as this will greatly irritate your pet’s eyes, hair, and skin.

    In the case of an emergency, natural baby shampoos with herbal qualities can be used as a substitute, but it is best to enquire from a veterinarian before applying said treatments on your pet.

    Shampoos that contain pyrethrins are effective in treating fleas in both cats and dogs, as well as guinea pigs as it is a natural ingredient extracted from chrysanthemum flowers.

    Always make sure that the water stays away from the eyes and ears of your guinea pig by washing its body slowly and gently.

    A good tip when it comes to bathing your pet is to bathe it somewhere that is close to the ground just in case if it were to hop out of the bowl from stress, it will not hurt itself from any possible impact.

    Keep in mind that flea baths aren’t meant to be short as you’ll want the fleas to drown in the water.

    Flea shampoo for guinea pigs helps in collecting the fleas together so that they would drop easily into the water away from the hairs.

    Before placing your clean guinea pig into its living space, have the cage cleaned and change its bedding to ensure no fleas are attached around its area.

    When in doubt, consulting your nearest vet on any issues when it comes to handling fleas in guinea pigs is the best choice in helping your little friend.

    Flea infestations, no matter how big or small the animal should be treated as soon as possible before serious health conditions begin to arise.

    Prevent yourself from panicking in the future by learning more vital ways on how to take care of your pet’s health.

    Keeping you and your pets healthy and happy should be the main priority for a comfortable living home.

    Flea treatment

    Terry boys

    I was wondering what the best way to go about treating the Guinea pigs for all the normal things like worms and Fleas. I took the GP to the vets to register them. They told me that they couldnt give them anything for the first 16 weeks.

    I was just wondering what the best thing to do is. These are my first GP so any advice would be grateful.


    i use beapher drops, they are like the spot on u get for cats and dogs spot them on the back of piggys neck


    Gps do not get ticks and worms are extremely rare(especially in pigs kept indoors).They can though get mites and fungal infections.

    The symptoms of mites are-

    excess scratching
    scabs or sores on the back or rump

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    the symptoms of fungus are-

    sometimes scratching,
    the hair looks greasy
    there will be patches of thick white scurf
    the hair will come out in clumps with white scurf attached to the roots

    The treatment for mites is Ivermectin from the vet and shampoos and melts from

    they also have excellent products that will get rid of fungus.

    This website has a very good description of how to differentiate between mites and fungal.

    Piggies can actually be treated for mites after 3 weeks of age.

    How Often Do Guinea Pigs Need to Be Washed?

    Video of the Day

    Guinea pigs clean themselves, so baths are rare. Certain ailments make a bath necessary; otherwise you might bathe a guinea pig if its long coat is particularly soiled or if you’re showing the pet for conformation. Bathing a rodent can pose health risks. You must take extreme care to ensure he doesn’t become chilled or stressed. Proper bath products are vital as well.

    Coat Length

    Short-hair and long-hair guinea pigs have vastly different grooming needs. Most short-haired cavies are excellent self-groomers. A short-haired guinea pig whose cage is properly cleaned shouldn’t ever need a bath. Long-haired pigs are another story. Breeds such as the Peruvian guinea pig have stunning tresses that can grow up to 20 inches long. These cavies need to be groomed every single day with a brush. They may also need a bath with shampoo and de-tangler every three to four months to prevent messy mats around their butts. Fancy long-hair or curly-hair pigs with fur less than 3 inches long do not usually need baths but should be brushed every few days.


    Guinea pigs do need to be washed if they catch a fungal or parasite infection. Guinea pigs can catch rodent lice and mange mites. They may also suffer from cat, dog and rodent fleas. You’ll be able to see fleas, but most lice, mite and fungal infestations require a veterinary diagnosis. If your unfortunate pet has caught any of these pests, your vet will prescribe or recommend medicated shampoos and guide you through the bathing process. She may give your pig topical, oral or injected medication.

    Grooming for Shows

    Show cavies are usually bathed before each event. If you and your guinea pig participate in a cavy show club, your organization will usually provide grooming requirements and recommendations for shows. All the general bathing tips discussed below apply. In addition, you will probably need to trim nails, brush hair, and clean your cavy’s grease gland.

    Bath Time

    If you decide to bathe your guinea pig, you’ll need a special small animal shampoo. Cavies have very sensitive skin. Washing can dry them out and cause painful itchiness and hot spots. Small animal shampoos, such as for rabbits, are formulated to be less drying than dog or human shampoos. Guinea pigs are prone to respiratory infections. In their small bodies, these can easily develop into pneumonia, so you must be very careful to keep your pig warm during wash time. You should use mildly warm — not hot — water, and thoroughly towel dry your pig after his bath. Some guinea pig experts recommend using a blow-drier on very low heat post-bath, but use extreme caution. Blow-driers can cause severe burns. It may be safer to perform all washing in a warm room, carefully towel-dry, and keep your pet close to you and your body until he’s completely dry.


    LCMV infection can be prevented by avoiding contact with wild mice and taking precautions when handling pet rodents (i.e. mice, hamsters, or guinea pigs).

    Rarely, pet rodents may become infected with LCMV from wild rodents. Breeders, pet stores, and pet owners should take measures to prevent infestations of wild rodents. Pet rodents should not come into contact with wild rodents. If you have a pet rodent, wash your hands with soap and water (or waterless alcohol-based hand rubs when soap is not available and hands are not visibly soiled) after handling rodents or their cages and bedding.

    If you have a rodent infestation in and around your home, take the following precautions to reduce the risk of LCMV infection:

    • Seal up rodent entry holes or gaps with steel wool, lath metal, or caulk.
    • Trap rats and mice by using an appropriate snap trap.
    • Clean up rodent food sources and nesting sites and take precautions when cleaning rodent-infected areas:
      • Use cross-ventilation when entering a previously unventilated enclosed room or dwelling prior to cleanup.
      • Put on rubber, latex, vinyl or nitrile gloves.
      • Do not stir up dust by vacuuming, sweeping, or any other means.
      • Thoroughly wet contaminated areas with a bleach solution or household disinfectant.
      • Hypochlorite (bleach) solution: Mix 1 and 1/2 cups of household bleach in 1 gallon of water.
      • Once everything is wet, take up contaminated materials with damp towel and then mop or sponge the area with bleach solution or household disinfectant.
      • Spray dead rodents with disinfectant and then double-bag along with all cleaning materials and throw bag out in an appropriate waste disposal system.
      • Remove the gloves and thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water (or waterless alcohol-based hand rubs when soap is not available and hands are not visibly soiled).

    The geographic distributions of the rodent hosts are widespread both domestically and abroad. However, infrequent recognition and diagnosis, and historic underreporting of LCM, have limited scientists’ ability to estimate incidence rates and prevalence of disease among humans. Understanding the epidemiology of LCM and LCMV infections will help to further delineate risk factors for infection and develop effective preventive strategies. Increasing physician awareness will improve disease recognition and reporting, which may lead to better characterization of the natural history and the underlying immunopathological mechanisms of disease, and stimulate future therapeutic research and development.

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