How to Kill Moles with Poison or Other Methods

How to Kill Moles with Poison

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Types Of Mole Poison Used
There are only a few poisons on the market to kill moles and other critters. Some products have been recommended to use against moles that have been proven totally useless. Some, however, will do what they claim. When choosing a poison to rid yourself of moles, make sure you read the directions carefully. Poisons usually leave a residue behind that will poison any crops that may be intended in that area. It is not a good idea to use them in your vegetable garden. Handling these different pesticides also needs extra precaution. Skin contact with poison may not kill an adult but may still cause harm. The effect of poison in children and pets is magnified with accidentally contact or ingestion of poison intended for moles.

What Seems To Work?
Bromethalin seems to be the front runner of poisons when it comes to moles. It is distributed in packages of twenty worms. Manufacturers duplicated the smell, chemical make-up and appearance of the earthworm and applied it to these Bromethalin worms to trick the mole into perceiving it to be its next dinner. The active ingredient in this poison, Bromethalin, is a mixture containing Bromine and fluorine. Effects are mainly noted in brain changes in moles, leading to convulsions. Care must be taken to use it only as recommended and only in the amount noted, since it could be detrimental to the survival of other animal species. It is sold under the name of Talpirid. Some states may require you to have a license to buy this poison, which validates its potency as well as its effectiveness.

What other poisons are there?
A second poison that seems to have made good on its claims to kill moles is the rodenticide warfarin. It was learned that, at least in gel form, warfarin will also be effective in mole eradication. Warfarin has been the staple of rat and mice elimination by inhibiting blood from coagulating. Basically, it causes the rodent or insectivore to bleed to death internally. It works the same way in moles. The fact that it has been designed to be sold in worm-flavored gel form is a novel way to introduce it into mole tunnels. It can be discharged into a mole tunnel with a small syringe. This will attract the moles which will then ingest the warfarin, which will kill them within about two days.

Additional Choices Of Mole Poison
A product containing zinc phosphide has been marketed to kill moles as well. It comes in pellet form and will chemically react to form phosphine gas. This is touted as a quick acting poison, killing moles in two to three hours. It is marketed as Hi-Yield Mole and Gopher Bait and is sold in one pound packages.

Poisoned peanuts fall within the same category that contains zinc phosphide. Only in this form, the poison is ingested, then hydrolyzes in the mole’s stomach where. This will cause a blockage of ATP production in the mitochondria by blocking cytochrome oxidase action. The mole will lose the benefit of ATP action which produces the energy for vital cellular function.

A Poison Or Not?
Although it is not a poison in the chemical sense, castor oil may nevertheless act as poison to moles. Some may feel disinclined to kill moles with the proven poisons, preferring natural pesticides instead. For them, castor oil may be the poison of choice. Another factor to this choice may be that those people choosing castor oil may prefer their lawn au naturel rather than a well-clipped and sculptured lawn. For many people, it is the preferred method to eliminate moles even though it has not been scientifically proven to kill moles. Despite the absence of scientific proof, the popular belief in its effectiveness is widespread.

More in-detail how-to mole removal articles:
Information about mole trapping — analysis and methods for how to trap.
Information about how to keep moles away — prevention techniques.
Information about how to catch a mole — remove one stuck in the house.
Information about mole repellent — analysis of types and effectiveness.

This site is intended to provide mole education and information about how to kill moles with poison, so that you can make an informed decision if you need to deal with a mole problem. This site provides many mole control articles and strategies, if you wish to attempt to solve the problem yourself. If you are unable to do so, which is likely with many cases of mole removal, please go to the home page and click the USA map, where I have wildlife removal experts listed in over 500 cites and towns, who can properly help you kill your nuisance mole. Click here to read more about how to get rid of moles.

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What kind of garden pest/rodent is long and skinny with a rounded snout?

I saw a strange pest in my vegetable garden this moring. it had the body of a ferret (long and skinny with a curved back) but had the head of a mouse/rat (but no visible teeth or long wiskers). The animal was a brownish color and about 8-10 inches long, from snout to tail. Its tail had short hairs all over it. Again, his body was very slender. I’ve scoured the Web for photos of it but cannot find anything really similar to it. Any ideas?? (Also, we found a dead mole in the garden yesterday. I believe this is related to our new garden resident.)

12 Answers

I’ve never heard of a mole being 8-10 inches long before.

I would bet dollars to doughnuts that it’s a weasel. These are good little predators to have around as they will kill gophers and moles. But if you have any chickens they will go after them too.

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Your location would help to narrow the possibilities down. My first thought was muskrat, some other possibilites are weasel, ermine, chipmunk, mink, mongoose (though they are bigger than 8-10″) Based on what I just looked at online, the best guess is probably a weasel.

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Rat Identification

Rats are some of the most common and formidable pests in the world — damaging and contaminating food, structures and human health. Although people don’t usually see the actual rats, signs of their presence are relatively easy to identify. Two primary species of rats inhabit North American homes: the roof rat and the Norway rat.

Norway rats, sometimes called brown or sewer rats, are identifiable by their stocky, gray-brown bodies. Their tails are shorter than their body length and their ears and eyes are small relative to their body. Norway rats are larger than most other rat species. They burrow in gardens and fields, as well as beneath building foundations, trash or woodpiles. Norway rats line their nests with fibrous materials, such as shredded paper and cloth. These rats tend to inhabit the lower levels of buildings.

Roof rats, sometimes called black rats, are superb climbers that tend to nest above ground. In the wild, roof rats inhabit shrubs, trees and dense vegetation. In domestic environments, they seek out secure, elevated places such as attics, walls, sheetrock ceilings and cabinets. They may enter homes through trees close to windows or eaves. As opposed to the Norway rat, roof rats tend to limit their geographical range to warmer climates often along the coast.

Rats are generally larger than mice. While young rats can sometimes be mistaken for mice, they can be distinguished by their disproportionately long feet and oversized head. Both rodents are capable of chewing through hard, wooden surfaces, but rat teeth marks are much larger than those of mice.

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Mole Rodents

There are several types of mole rodents, known more commonly in scientific circles as mole rats. The most common mole rodents are the blind mole rat, naked mole rat and Damaraland mole rat. These rodents are best known for their propensity to burrow.

Mole rodents are typically small and gray in color. Their size ranges from 5 to 10 cm in length, and most specimens bear long, tapering snouts. Mole rodents tend to lack ears, and their eyes are barely discernible. These rodents have stubby, broad, shovel-like front teeth, which have been adapted for digging. Their incisors protrude when their mouths are closed.

Some mole rodent species are known for their social behaviors, which are similar to those of ants, bees and termites. Colonies include complex social structures wherein there is one female, known as the queen. The other colony members serve as workers. Workers are divided by a continuum of behaviors. Most workers are dedicated to tunneling, while some serve as soldiers. This social structure is extremely rare among mammals.

www.orkin.com

Rodent identification

If you have seen something that looks like a rodent in your house or on your property, you may wonder exactly what kind of pest you just saw. Was it a mouse? Rat? Gopher? Mole? Vole? Something else? Each rodent can become a nuisance pest, but only a few of them pose real health risks to people.

Western Exterminator specialists understand that rodents can be upsetting to property owners. We know that there are a variety of rodents in homes that can cause damage from the backyard to the house itself. We can help you figure out which rodent is invading your space, offer a rodent removal program and prevention plans to stop them from coming back.

If you think you have a rodent problem on your property then contact your local Western Exterminator office today.

Mouse identification

There are a number of different species of mice, but some of the most common found around and inside homes in the Western United States include the house mouse and deer mouse. In general, mice share some of these same characteristics.

  • Size: up to 6 or 7 inches including the tail
  • Weight: between 20 to 40 grams
  • Fur color: gray or brown

In general, mice are much smaller than rats and other rodents. Their tails often have hair on them, unlike a rat’s tail. They tend to have relatively short noses and tiny black eyes. Some of them are one color on top and with a white underbelly.

Mice droppings look different from rat droppings. They are smaller and have pointed ends and are shaped like a rod.

Mice tend to leave feces and urine behind. They also tear up soft things like cushions and the inside of furniture to make their nests. Mice also will chew through plastic to get to bread and eat other food found in pantries and cupboards.

Rat identification

Rats have been plaguing humans for a long time. They were blamed for the Black Plague during the Middle Ages and there have been numerous diseases attributed to them. There are a number of species of rats in the world, but in the Western United States, the most common are the Norway Rat and Roof Rat. Rats share the following characteristics:

  • Size: Roughly 9 inches in length, including the tail
  • Weight: Up to 2 lbs
  • Fur color: brown or gray with white beneath

Rats are infamous for having very long, hairless tails. For some rats, their tails are as long as their body.

Rats have very large teeth and, in general, they are larger than mice. Their teeth constantly grow and they are forced to chew on things to keep them from growing out of control. As such, rats chew on just about anything, including wood, drywall and other substances found around a home.

Rat droppings are often found around a home with a rat infestation and they tend to be about 20mm long and capsule-shaped.

Mole identification

It might be hard to spot moles around your property, but you are likely to notice the damage they do to lawns and landscaping. Moles burrow through the ground as their entire body is built for them to move underground, creating tunnels as they go. You might see the raised ridges indicating a mole infestation or a mound of earth composed of loose soil.

There are several species of mole, but the common characteristics include:

  • Size: Up to 6.25 inches from end of the nose to behind
  • Weight: Up to 4.5 ounces
  • Fur color: Can be black, white, cream, orange or gray

One of the most obvious characteristics of a mole is that they appear not to have eyes. That’s not true, they do, but since they spend most of their time underground, their eyes are not very effective. Mole s also have very large front paws ending in sharp claws that help pull them through their tunnels and for digging.

Vole identification

Voles are small rodents who burrow underground and create tunnels in yards around properties. The tunnels they leave behind often get them confused with moles, but their overall appearance often get them confused with mice. Voles will leave behind trails similar to that of moles and also eat garden plants and vegetables. Voles share the following characteristics:

  • Size: Up to 9 inches in length, including their tails
  • Weight: Up to 50 grams
  • Fur color: Gray and brown, many with lighter colored fur underneath

Voles look a lot like mice and are often given the name field mice because of their nature to be abundant in fields near residential areas. Voles are generally stocky in shape with short snouts and shorter tails than mice or rats. Their snouts are blunted rather than pointed and have small, round, ears that may even be hard to see against the fur on their head.

Western Exterminator gets rid of rodents

The benefit of using Western Exterminator to get rid of your rodent problems is that our experts train to know the signs of rodent infestations. We know the difference between moles, voles and gophers. We can spot the difference between damage caused by rats and those caused by mice.

At Western Exterminator, our pest specialists will identify the rodent infestation and work to fully remove the rodent causing the damage, including their nests. Then we provide follow up treatments and offer advice to prevent a return infestation. Our approach can end up saving property owners money on costly repairs.

Contact your local Western Exterminator office today to discuss your rodent problem with one of our experts.

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Pest Dropping Guide — Learn What’s Leaving that Poop.

You’ve been hearing a squeaking sound in the walls, a crunching noise from the attic, or the scuttling of tiny feet whenever you flick on the lights in the basement. So you get a flashlight and work up your nerve to see what has made its way into your home. There is no sign of the culprit itself, of course, but your heart sinks as you see the telltale sign of a pest problem: a fresh pile of poop.

Finding pest droppings in or around your home is never a good sign. The presence of pest feces means some creature has taken up residence around your living area and is making itself at home. The good news about such a discovery is it gives you the ability to potentially identify who, exactly, has been rattling around in your walls or getting into the garbage can in the garage. Knowing what kind of pest you are confronting means much better chances of eliminating them from your property.

What Can You Find Out From Pest Poop?

The first step to identifying pests by droppings is understanding what kind of insect, rodent, or larger animal you might be up against. There are three general categories of pests who leave poop behind:

  • Small to medium sized rodents: mice, rats, squirrels, chipmunks, etc.
  • Larger animals: raccoons, possums, skunks, groundhogs, woodchucks, etc.
  • Insects: cockroaches, termites, and bed bugs
  • Bats : Many different species of bats
  • Reptiles: snakes and lizards

Narrowing down what kind of animal is invading your home by identifying what it leaves behind could mean the difference between restoring the creature-free status of your home and making a nest of mice (or a den of snakes or a colony of bats) your new roommates. So before you scoop that poop and toss it, see if you can use it to hone in on the kind of animal you’re trying to eliminate.

A word of caution: all pest poop carries toxins. Extreme care should be used when identifying or cleaning up animal feces of any kind from anywhere, especially in enclosed spaces. Cleaning up particular kinds of dung, like bat guano, always requires safety gear like masks as does addressing any large quantity of feces.

These scenarios are risky enough you may want to defer the problem to a professional pest remover. See a cleanup site like Professional Wildlife Removal for more information on how to safely remove droppings from your living area if you decide to undertake the cleanup yourself.

Mouse, Rat, and Squirrel Droppings

Mouse Droppings

One of the most commonly found and identified kinds of pest poop is mouse droppings. Mice leave behind their feces wherever they go and many have come across these small, oblong-shaped pellets in their kitchens, basements, and garages. Mouse poop is dark in color and found in a scattered pattern in places where mice have been lurking or running.

Rat Droppings

Rat droppings, in contrast, are thicker and sometimes shorter in length than mouse poop. Roof rat excrement is longer and fatter than mouse poop but similar in shape, color, and distribution pattern. Norway rats tend to leave droppings that are a bit shorter but even thicker than mouse and roof rat pellets.

Squirrel Droppings

Squirrel feces may be confused for rat poop because it is thick and oblong. Squirrels leave behind pellets that are rounded at the ends, unlike the more pointed poop left by rats, and the color of their dung will lighten with time. This means droppings of this size and shape that retain their dark color over time are likely from rats; if they are becoming white, they are more likely from squirrels.

Chipmunk Droppings

Chipmunk feces looks quite a bit like mouse feces and also similar to many mouse dropping, chipmunk droppings can be very toxic and dangerous to humans. Chipmunk droppings are usually the same shape as mouse droppings but up to a quarter of an inch larger and chipmunk droppings are usually hardened.

Even the air around chipmunk poop can contain spores that can contaminate the area with bacteria or transferable diseases so take care when attempting to clean chipmunk droppings from a home, barn, or shed. You will want to wear protective clothing and glove and a dust mask at a minimum or contact a professional.

Raccoon, Possum, and Skunk Droppings

Hopefully, you have not found feces of this size inside your house, but these pests can be quite a problem if they choose to inhabit your attic, garage, or outbuildings. Because of their size, these animal feces are easier to spot and identify even if found on the ground outside. Remnants of their meals seen in the poop may help you learn more about the habits of your pests and whether they are breaking into your pantry, garden, bird seed, etc.

Raccoons leave piles of dung similar to dog poop. Each piece is fat and may contain visible specks of what the raccoon is eating, like corn or seeds from fruit. Possum excrement is also comparable to dog poop, though it may be more curled than a raccoon’s. It is also more likely to be left in a trail than found in a single pile. Like raccoons, possums should be on your suspect list if you are trying to identify a larger animal living in your attic, under your porch, or in your garage.

Skunks typically make themselves known with the distinctive smell of their spray, but the first sign of a skunk skulking around your property may be its droppings. Skunk poop is close in size to a cat’s but it is shaped differently. Their droppings are somewhat mushy and vary in color depending on what the skunk is currently feeding on. Bits of insects or berries in droppings might indicate a skunk.

Cockroach, Bed Bug, and Termite Droppings

Cockroaches are hard to miss when they have taken up residence in your house. Identifying cockroach poop, however, may be helpful for understanding where they are living in your home and the best location for traps or spray. Cockroach poop is small and granular, looking something like coarsely ground pepper when scattered on the floor. Droppings are sticky enough to cling to walls. Unfortunately, cockroach droppings are fairly toxic when dry and can trigger a number of illnesses in humans from asthma attacks to gastrointestinal problems.

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Signs of Rats

Have you found gnaw marks or come across small dark brown droppings? If so then you could potentially have a rat infestation – but don’t worry we’re here to help. If you think you have a possible rat infestation please call us now on 0800 218 2210 to speak to our experts about our fast effective rat control treatments.

Rats are most active during the night therefore it is often easier to spot the signs of a rat infestation than the actual rat. Below we have explained some signs that could indicate that you have a potential rat problem.

  • Rat Droppings ↓ — Brown Rat droppings are dark brown in a tapered, spindle shape — like a grain of rice.
  • Rub Marks ↓ — Grease and dirt on their bodies leaves smudges on surfaces.
  • Gnaw Marks ↓ — Black rats are agile climbers and often found in lofts. You might notice gnaw marks on wires, cabling or items stored in the loft .
  • Rat Holes ↓ — Brown rats are well known for digging extensive burrow systems for shelter, food storage and nesting.
  • Rat Nests ↓ — Rats will shred available materials such as loft insulation, cardboard and other soft items to make nests.
  • Footprints ↓ — Rats leave foot and tail marks in dusty, less-used areas of buildings.

If you have spotted any of the signs mentioned, we recommend acting quickly to ensure the potential infestation doesn’t spread any further.

Do You Think You Have Rats?

Don’t waste time, book a treatment now with one of our experts.

What To Look For To Identify Signs Of Rats

Rat Droppings

Tend to be found concentrated in specific locations as rats produce up to 40 droppings per night. Brown rat droppings are dark brown in a tapered, spindle shape – resembling a large grain of rice.

Rub Marks

Rats use established routes along skirting boards and walls due to their poor eyesight. Grease and dirt on their bodies leave smudges and dark marks on both objects and surfaces they repeatedly brush against.

Gnaw Marks

Black rats are agile climbers, earning them their common name – the roof rat. Often found in lofts, you may find wires, cables or other items in the loft with gnaw marks. Brown rats can be identified by a grinding noise they make with their teeth.

Rat Holes

Brown rats are well known for digging and excavating extensive burrow systems for shelter, food storage and nesting. They build rat burrows next to solid objects or structures.

Rat Nests

Rats nest in burrows but also rat nests can be found in lofts, attics, under eaves and even in cavity walls. They will shred available materials such as loft insulation, cardboard and other soft items to make nests.

Footprints

Rats leave foot and tail marks in dusty, less-used areas of buildings. To establish if an infestation is active, sprinkle fine flour or talc in the area near the footprints and check for fresh tracks the next day.

Where to Check for Rats Inside a Building

  • Lofts & attic spaces — look for shredded loft insulation, chewed items and rat droppings (rat poo) in corners and inside items like cardboard boxes.
  • Kitchens & laundries — look behind appliances like cookers, washing machines, dishwashers and tumble dryers. In fact, check any gaps where pipework or cables enter your property from outside.
  • Out of sight — and possibly out of mind locations, such as crawlspaces, suspended ceilings and even cavity walls can be squeezed into by young rats.

Where to Check for Rats Outside your Property

Where in your home or business should you start checking for the signs of rats, their nests and damage they can cause? Rats are agile climbers, who can jump, gnaw and burrow so realistically you should check your property from top to bottom, inside and out. Here are some common places you might find evidence of a rat infestation.

  • Decking — check the edges of decked areas for signs of damage from gnawing and burrowing.
  • Sheds — look for rat holes (entrances to burrows) around the edges of sheds and out buildings.
  • Garages — check for gaps around door frames or holes gnawed at the bottom of wooden doors. If you have an integral garage check around the internal door as well, and any vents that could give entry into other internal areas.
  • Compost bins — compost heaps attract rats because they are warm and contain food. Check lid and base of composters for holes and gnaw marks.
  • Vegetation — look for rat holes among tree and shrub roots, in overgrown vegetation or nearby wasteland.
  • Drains — check if drain covers are damaged or if there are holes dug next to the drain covers.

Worried About Rats ?

If you think you have rats, it is important to act quickly to control the level of infestation and reduce the health risks posed by these rodents. You can also take practical steps now to proof your home or business and help prevent rats.

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