Fleas on Humans: Pulex Bites, Symptoms, Prevention — Treatment Tips

Fleas on Humans: Pulex Bites, Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment Tips

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Fleas are not just annoying insects that cause damage to your house or garden. This kind of insects is really irritating and it carries a lot of diseases that could harm humans. Fleas are a serious danger to the human body. Well, maybe you are wondering now how a flea can live on a human body?

As there are rat fleas, dog fleas, cat fleas and all the flea species that live on animals. There is a single species that can invade a human body. For that, you should consider yourself as a possible target to a flea.

  • What is a human flea?
  • What are its behavior and physical characteristics?
  • Can fleas live in human hair?
  • What are the symptoms and signs of human flea infestation?
  • How to avoid human fleas?
  • How to get rid of human fleas?

Human flea

The human flea is a single species of 2000 species of fleas in the world. This flea is scientifically called “Pulex Irritans”. This species of fleas originated of South America where it used to invade peccaries or Guinea pigs. Human fleas don’t really live on people; they just accept the human body as a host. This is especially observed in humans who live in tropical and temperate climates.

Behavioral and physical characteristics of human fleas

Human fleas, exactly like other insects, have special physical characteristics and particular behavior.

Physical characteristics

  • The lifecycle of a flea is so easy, it starts with an egg, then a larva, then a pupa and ends with an adult mature flea ready for mating and reproduction.
  • Human fleas and pet fleas are mostly similar, a single male human flea is 2.5mm long and a female is 3.5mm due to the long abdomen used for carrying the huge number of eggs (up to 400 eggs).
  • Generally, human fleas are brownish red little beings with 6 legs and mouth mandible used for biting and sucking.
  • Pulex Irritans are wingless and they have a compressed body which gives them the shape of a grain of wheat.

Behavioral characteristics

  • Human flea’s behavior is not really special. They are not as socialized as other types of insects which build their own nest and form colonies in the infected location. Human fleas just move from a nest to another when it is not comfortable anymore.
  • Human fleas live around 12 weeks: after the first 4 weeks, the larva leaves the nest in research of warm-blooded victims.
  • Human fleas like to live in warmth and shelter, with an appropriate food source near to the nest which is commonly human hair of pet fur. For that, they will invade your body as soon as they find a way to settle on your head, in your armpits or even in other hairy places.
  • Human fleas are different from lice, but they have the same food: blood, whether it is human or animal, they just love to feed on blood.
  • Fleas bite the human skin to reach blood and it can cause many diseases as these insects carry viruses and microbes.

Fleas in human hair

The human hair is considered as the perfect shelter to Pulex Irritans, exactly like pet fur. That’s why, human fleas take of the hairy locations a nest and invade it causing a lot of problems.

  • First, fleas in human hair can be a very bad embarrassment: You don’t want to go to school, to work or even sit to a bar and you move your hand, making people see fleas in your armpits, in your hair, or even on your clothes. That is embarrassing.
  • Second, human fleas are dirty insects and don’t like water or shampoo, so you need to be as very clean as possible to avoid attracting fleas to your hair.

Girls with a long hair suffer from a potential danger of flea invasion, and the only thing they care for, is their haircut and their beautiful look. Therefore, they need to know that human fleas are more likely to invade their hair and make huge colonies inside it, and by that, they can ruin it. And you will need to cut it.

Symptoms and signs of fleas on humans

Learning about the symptoms and signs of fleas on humans can help you estimate the danger and prevent fleas, or identify the bites of a flea to start treating it, if the danger has already taken place. Well, human fleas bite your skin to get a way to your blood, they just implant their mandibles and make a tiny bite which is hard to identify, but here are some symptoms and signs of human flea bites:

Itchy bites

The human flea bites can be, extremely, itchy and painful to the human body. Besides they are so irritating and annoying.

Reddish bites

Human flea bites are, always, accompanied by reddish spots on the skin that can be discovered together (you will find many reddish spots in a same little location) due to the excessive biting of a Pulex Irritan.

Well-targeted areas

Human fleas choose their target very carefully, the warmest places are, usually, the most invaded locations but fleas can also target the legs and feet of the human body, but they can also be found on arms and in the whole body.

Swelling

Flea bites leave unpleasant swell over the skin and may be identifiable to other people. By that, your good-looking may fade for few weeks.

Secondary bacterial infections

Human fleas can cause several bacterial infections, as they carry a lot of dangerous contagious diseases: plague, murine typhus and Rickettsiosis.

Human flea bites are similar to those of a mosquito, but in general they are way smaller, and they can be scratched to cause bleeding. Many people don’t distinguish fleas from mosquitos; therefore, visiting a doctor should be necessary if you get bitten by an insect.

How to avoid human fleas

As human fleas cause serious nuisance, avoiding them is necessary to prevent their danger and stop some unpleasant consequences from happening.

Cleanliness: Take a daily shower or even twice a day to assure that no flea invasion can stay in your body, keep washing your clothes regularly and drying them, keep cleaning the house, especially carpets as flea eggs can be laid on the carpet, and the most important thing, keep cleaning your pets especially dogs and cats if you have so, and take them to the vet regularly.​

Medication: fleas can be, also, avoided through medication. Medicating your pet by a vet will guarantee a safe pet which is resistant to human flea invasions.​

Getting rid of human fleas

If a human flea invasion has taken place, an immediate treatment should begin to control these insects and exterminate them. Before exterminating human fleas, they must be treated and, totally, removed from the human body.​

Treating human fleas

Natural treatment of fleas should, first, take place: it guarantees the safeness of your environment with its non-toxic substances. Many natural treatments could be homemade such as using lotion cream like Aloe Vera, calamine and many others to calm itchiness and pain.

Baking Soda and water can, also, be effective in a case of hair invasion: a girl can bake a can of soda with 2 cups of water and pass the mixture through her hair. After 15 minutes of processing: adult fleas and eggs should be dead, therefore, use hot water to wash your hair and exterminate these insects.

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Many anti-itch creams can be used in such case to decrease pain and swelling.

Exterminating human fleas

Many products could be used to, totally, exterminate fleas of your house:

Flea spray

Treating the infected corners of your house with a flea spray could be useful to kill fleas with the toxic lethal substance it contains.

  • The best flea spray product is Vet’s Best Natural Flea + Tick Home Spray , 32 oz for sale on Amazon for only $9.

Flea bomb

When you think your house is ruined because of fleas and you, frequently, identify some fleas jumping on your carpet. You must, probably, use the flea bomb: put the flea bomb in the middle of the room, cover the furniture and release the trigger and leave the room for a day, all fleas would be dead in that room.

  • The best flea bomb product is Hot Shot 20177 No-Mess! Fogger , 3-Count for sale on Amazon only for $10.

Flea trap

If you don’t want to get dead flea bodies all over your house, then you should use flea traps that attract fleas and kill them with toxic ingredients.

  • The best flea trap product is Victor M230 Ultimate Flea Trap for sale on Amazon for only $14.

Frequently Asked Questions About Human Fleas

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Health Risks Of Fleas

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The Flea Allergic Dermatitis (FAD) is the most common condition that veterinarians encounter with cats and dogs. When fleas puncture the animal’s skin to feed, the saliva causes the animal’s body to release antigen-antibodies. The reaction manifests as inflammation, itching, and even non-ending itch cycles. This causes our pets to be restless, irritable, and suffer from pus-filled bumps and hair loss. However, we should never count on seeing our pets scratch to determine if they have fleas. Some dogs and cats don’t form allergic reaction to flea bites; thus, they could have hundreds of fleas living on their skin without even noticing it.

Second, animals and humans can acquire tapeworms from fleas. Eggs of tapeworms serve as food to flea larvae. When fleas swallow these eggs, the tapeworms begin to thrive in their guts. Your pets can swallow these tapeworm-infected fleas and have the worms reside in their own body. What’s worse is that people are susceptible to unknowingly swallowing these fleas and become infected with tapeworms as well.

Third, heavy flea infestation causes anemia in cats. Due to the parasite’s feeding on blood, the animal suffers from severe blood loss or inadequate red blood cell production. Kittens and adult cats are both prone to acquiring anemia from fleas; and unfortunately, this can be a life threatening condition.

Serious diseases can also be transmitted by fleas to humans. As fleas feed on rats, they transport plague bacteria from the rats to people, which eventually turns out to be what we know as Bubonic plague. Bubonic plague is characterized by swollen lymph nodes or buboes, headache, exhaustion, and fever. Also, fleas can cause murine typhus. The disease comes from flea feces, which makes the typhus-carrying bacteria enter the human body through cuts or breakage in the skin. Symptoms include fever, nausea, and headache.

Fleas should never be underestimated. Small as they are, they pose health hazards that are not only physically unattractive, but can be life threatening as well to humans and animals. As with everything, prevention is better than cure. Many people would like to think that their pets do not have fleas, but they can never know for sure. What’s sure though is that if we take preventive measures from time to time, we and our pets can avoid these health risks and enjoy flea-free lives.

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How to look and how to treat flea bites on a person’s skin?

Medical expert of the article

The bites of fleas are quite serious and dangerous. Despite the fact that the fleas are small insects that are almost invisible to the human eye, they can cause a lot of inconvenience. Insects are bloodsucking parasites, jump rather quickly and sharply. The danger is not so much in the anxiety and discomfort that they deliver, as in the complications and consequences. It is known that insects can cause allergies, skin itch, dermatitis. But the biggest danger is that fleas act as carriers of many dangerous infectious diseases.

Why are flea bites dangerous for humans?

Flea bites are dangerous for their possible consequences and complications. First of all, it concerns the risk of allergies and infectious diseases. The most famous consequence of flea bites is the plague epidemic, which claimed millions of lives in the Middle Ages. Distributors of bubonic plague were fleas that bite people. They entered the city together with the rats, who are their main masters.

In Central Asia, fleas still cause numerous epidemics today. So, they are carriers of pathogens of salmonellosis and tularemia, typhus, encephalitis, anthrax.

Epidemiology

According to statistics, most people bite canine and feline fleas — they account for more than 47% of bites. Bites of bed and linen fleas account for about 18% of cases. Human fleas only affect 3% of cases. In 78% of the cause of human fleas injury is the failure to comply with hygiene rules. Single bites are observed in 54% of cases, and multiple bites occur in 31%. In 76% — children are bitten.

[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7]

Causes of the bites of fleas

The main cause of the bite is the parasitic lifestyle of the flea, which is forced to bite warm-blooded animals in order to obtain nutrients. Of interest is the fact that among the fleas, as well as among other insects, only females bite, because they need a large amount of blood protein for bearing and rearing offspring.

Man is an intermediate host for a flea, the main owner are wild animals, pets. But nevertheless there are human fleas, which are adapted specifically for human bite. They easily bite through the epidermis, their mouthpiece is designed exclusively for feeding through the human skin.

Risk factors

People who live in abandoned houses and dirty apartments are at risk. Non-compliance with hygiene rules increases the risk of experiencing a flea bite. Fleas fall into a person’s apartment in various ways. First of all, with dirt and particles of dust, earth. Fleas are carried with the hair of dogs and cats, who spend a lot of time on the street, have contact with domestic animals. Often, fleas are found during repairs, settle behind skirting boards and behind wallpaper. With prolonged absence of repair, fleas can settle in crevices, withered skirting. A large number of fleas live in cellars, less often — in attics. The risk increases if the apartment is inhabited by more than one animal that has a street walk. People who are forced to stay in cellars, abandoned buildings, old houses for a long time are often at risk of being trained fleas.

[8], [9], [10]

Pathogenesis

The pathogenesis is based on the toxic effect of enzymes, which are introduced by the parasite into the wound along with saliva. Enzymes prevent blood clotting, make it more liquid. That is, enzymes act as anticoagulants, which significantly dilute blood. So, after injecting such a dose of enzymes, the blood begins to pour out in a thin trickle. It practically spontaneously, without any additional action from the insect, enters the body.

Blood from the place of bite does not flow out after a bite, but immediately stops due to the fact that the skin has a high degree of elasticity. As a result, the walls stick together, and the blood can not go out. But often there is a hemorrhage under the skin, that is, a spot hemorrhage is formed at the site of the bite. If there are too many such bites in one small area of the skin, they can merge with each other, forming purple.

The degree of severity of hemorrhages and purple, redness depends on how sensitive the human skin, and also on the production of histamine in response to a violation of the integrity and distribution of the enzyme. On this depends and the duration of the preservation of traces. In one, the compaction and redness can persist for 30 minutes, the other will walk with pronounced bites for 5 days or more.

[11], [12], [13], [14], [15]

Symptoms of the bites of fleas

Are intense redness. They are very painful, since the composition of saliva does not include painkillers. A small swelling develops in the bite site, a strong itching. Bites can be felt both during the day and at night, as fleas keep their activity almost at any time of the day.

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In general, bites can not be combed, but when combing, multiple injuries are observed, and suppuration may occur. Also, there may be multiple bouts around one redness. This is due to the fact that the flea bites the skin several times in search of the softest place, the most elastic part of the skin. Bites are mostly legs. Bites are localized throughout the leg, beginning from the foot, and ending with the knee.

Some people can develop a particularly violent reaction to flea bites, manifested in the form of increased body temperature, chills. The temperature can rise up to 40 degrees. The patient is accompanied by anxiety, a complication of breathing, fever, diarrhea. With an increased tendency to allergic reactions, puffiness, urticaria, and hyperemia can also be observed. A particularly dangerous sign is shortness of breath and a feeling of lack of air. It can talk about the development of an allergic reaction.

Those who were previously exposed to bites will be able to recognize them always. According to the fleas that have experienced themselves, they can not be confused with anything else. This is a pretty unpleasant sensation. They cause discomfort and other signs in the bite zone, itching, burning, pain. Gradually appears swelling, puffiness. It is especially difficult to keep yourself from itching, as there is an irresistible desire to comb, tear the affected area. With a large number of bites at the site of the lesion appears hemorrhage, cyanosis, there are bruises. Gradually develops a large red spot, possibly with a white center. The legs are mostly affected.

[16]

First signs

The first sign is sharp pain, a sense of puncture at the site of the bite. After that, a person can forget about a bite for a while, and remember only by the appearance of sensations of itching and burning. Usually a person does not immediately pay attention to it, but the itching intensifies and causes a lot of inconvenience to a person. I want to tear to the blood, the sensations become unbearable, are transmitted to the entire surface of the affected part of the body. These signs are usually associated with redness, swelling. Usually has a red appearance with a pronounced center. In the center there is a tiny hemorrhage.

[17]

Itching from flea bites

An allergy to flea bites is a common occurrence. Therefore, when there is a tendency to allergic reactions and the body pours out with the bite of wasps and other insects, then with a flea bite, the reaction will be violent.

Symptoms of allergy are severe rashes in the area of bites. Later the headache develops, the temperature rises. The most dangerous sign is difficulty breathing.

Skin irritation all the time increases and does not pass by itself, therefore requires the use of local remedies, antihistamines. With a strong increasing itching and irritation, you can use a cold lotion, and even ice. You can hold the affected area under cold running water. Eliminate negative reactions can be with antipruritic and anti-allergic creams. To remove irritation will help baking soda, lotions from vegetable decoctions, compresses, honey.

The person immediately feels the bite of a flea, because there is a painful feeling resembling a needle prick. The insect has a thrusting oral apparatus, through which it bites the skin. In this case, no anesthetic is injected into the human blood with saliva, which explains the high level of pain sensitivity. For example, bedbugs are able to administer special anesthetics with saliva, as a result of which the bite becomes painless and the person does not feel it.

The danger of bites is that they inject special anesthetics, enzymes, into the blood. They promote blood thinning, prevent its coagulation. It is dangerous for a person that the risk of bleeding increases. Especially dangerous for patients with hemophilia. Hemorrhage may occur. With a large number of bites in one place develops purpura, which is dangerous for its consequences.

What do flea bites look like?

They look like a little redness. There is a halo of pink color. If a person has a tendency to an allergic reaction, there is a strong itch and red dots. The bite of a human flea is drastically different from that of other fleas. The size of it can significantly exceed the size of any other bite. At first, a blister can be observed, and only after its resolution there is a small swelling and a hematoma. This state can last for several days. The duration and severity of the reaction is determined by the individual sensitivity of the organism and its propensity to allergic reactions.

If we talk about the localization of bites, the preferred place of their location are the legs, in particular, the feet, shins, and open areas of the body. If fleas bite a sleeping person, then they bite mainly around the neck, armpits and arms.

A distinctive feature of the flea bite is that they tend to pierce the skin in several places, trying to find the most suitable place for elasticity, resulting in several small bites at a slight distance from each other (about a few centimeters).

Traces of flea bites

After bites, there are often traces that persist for quite some time. Traces are strengthened with a strong allergic reaction and often go to dermatophilia. It represents the borderline between the normal reaction of the skin to the bite and pathological. In this case, there is already puffiness and a marked rash, but there are still no symptoms indicating the generalization of allergy symptoms.

With the appearance of sufficiently pronounced traces from bites, it is expedient to immediately take measures that will prevent the transition of the normal reaction to pathological, relieve complications.

If traces occur, immediately wash the affected area with cold water, and dry. When washing, it is advisable to use an antiseptic soap. The lesions are treated with sulfuric ointment or ordinary alcohol. After that, apply a cold compress for about 10-15 minutes.

If improvement does not occur, you should immediately consult a doctor, as this may be a sign of an allergic reaction and an inflammatory process, as well as possible infection. Especially dangerous is the risk of infection, because fleas can act as carriers of dangerous infections.

Bites of fleas on the body, legs

Bites are localized mainly in the legs, the body. First of all, the fleas bite their feet, shins. If there are open areas, they are also bitten for. If the bite is localized on the body, then mainly in the neck, sternum. In these places, fleas bite basically a sleeping person. They can be recognized by a peculiar arrangement: they are most often localized by a continuous series, a chain, strictly one after another.

In the place of bite there is pain, burning. A red speck appears in the center, which swells drastically. Gradually turns into a blister. The places of bites become inflamed and swollen. There may be a different reaction to anticoagulants (substances that inject into the blood of the flea when bitten). Because they dilute blood, the reaction can be dangerous for hemophiliacs. The tendency to bleeding increases significantly.

Also allergic reaction is dangerous. Thus, in a person prone to allergies, a delayed, or immediate, reaction can develop, up to anaphylactic shock. Some people develop scabies at the site of the bite. Combing the bite sites is dangerous, because they can turn into not healing wounds.

[18], [19], [20], [21], [22], [23]

Bites of sand fleas

They can be found in hot countries with a tropical climate. It is a parasite of humans, dogs and pigs. Man is one of the main hosts. Bites can cause the strongest allergic reaction.

[24]

Bites of house fleas

They get into the house from cellars, streets with animals, things, shoes. The bite and general signs of pathology are no different from other bites. There is a sharp stabbing pain in the place of the bite. Itching is very pronounced, sometimes it leads to human exhaustion. Gradually formed subcutaneous hematoma, turning into a small swelling. Most often bite at the feet, rarely — in other places. For these fleas, a series of bites is characteristic.

Quite often cause a complication — a pulicosis, which is manifested by abundant eruptions, the formation of suppuration and erosion. Gradually erosion can merge with each other. Over time, sores can appear in the mouth and throat, making breathing difficult, inflamed lymph nodes, and fever. Sign of systemic effects is the spread of the inflammatory process, increased body temperature, suppuration. Later, there are signs of intoxication, headache.

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[25]

Bed flea bites

Bed fleas usually bite less painfully than other types of fleas. However, their bites can be quite palpable. At the time of the bite, the pain may be stitching, or cutting. Catching them is usually impossible, because they jump very fast.

Itching appears on the site of the bite. It is quite pronounced, subcutaneous hemorrhage is formed. Small tumors, hematomas are formed. Bites are most often located on their feet. May be accompanied by headache and insomnia.

[26], [27]

Bites of linen fleas

Linen fleas are dangerous because they can cause an allergic reaction. Single bites can be accompanied by itching, redness. But with multiple bites, small ulcers are formed, which often merge with each other, passing into an ulcer.

The temperature rises, up to 40 degrees. There is anxiety, a sense of fear. With the development of signs of intoxication, there may be trouble breathing, anxiety, shortness of breath, a feeling of lack of air. There may be diarrhea, vomiting, severe chills. In the presence of hypersensitivity, anaphylactic shock occurs. If signs of an allergic reaction appear, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible.

Bites of animals fleas

The sensation of a puncture, burning at the moment of a bite is characteristic. Gradually there is pain, burning, almost always develops intoxication, as the flea at the bite injects together with saliva a complex of enzymes with different properties. Quite often the consequence is an increase in body temperature, intoxication, chills, fever.

Bites of feline fleas

Despite the fact that the original owner was originally the representatives of the cat family, today the main and intermediate hosts can be a lot of animals, including humans. Today, quite often resettled to humans, because at home there are usually no many cats. Itching and local inflammatory reaction in cats, while in humans the consequences of bite may be more serious.

They suffer a number of infectious diseases. The most dangerous are the plague, fungus. Dangerous and parasites, carried by cat fleas. So, fleas can be carriers of cucumber chains, which are causative agents of helminth diseases. The parasitic helminth develops up to 50 meters in length from the egg. These worms are the causative agents of such a dangerous disease as toxocariasis. Eggs enter the blood directly at the moment of bite. With blood spread throughout the body. In this case, the lungs, liver, kidneys, and other vital organs are affected.

Bites of dog fleas

Most often, people are bitten by canine fleas. This is due to the wide prevalence, availability of dogs, which act as the main host, high survival in the environment. A large number of fleas can live on one pet. For treatment, it is necessary to treat the bite site with a remedy designed to remove fleas, then apply ointment.

Bites of earthen fleas

They are parasites that live in places of birds and rodents. They bite the skin and drink blood. Also the danger is that they are able to make their way under the fingernails on their fingers and lay eggs there. As a result, a severe suppuration of the affected area develops. The parasite can develop and be carried with blood. Treat yourself is in no case impossible. It is necessary to consult a doctor and conduct appropriate treatment.

[28], [29]

Bites of rat fleas

In a city, especially a megacity, this species of fleas can not be found, but in rural areas they are quite common. The main host is a rat. The danger of these fleas is that they carry the most dangerous infectious diseases and can cause mass epidemics. In the time of plague epidemics, the main morbidity arose as a result of bites of rats, and not from the rats themselves.

[30], [31]

Bites of sea fleas

Marine fleas are also called earthen fleas. They are the causative agents of such a serious disease as sarcopsis. It causes severe itching, swelling, inflammation. A strong irritation develops, which is accompanied by suppuration, the spread of the infectious process.

[32]

Basement flea bite

Basement fleas are usually a prefabricated term that includes insects that live in basements. They can belong to several species and genera and are parasites of animals. First of all, they colonize stray animals, and those who live in basements. They also hit the Sinanthropus. Can be found in basement dogs, cats, rats, mice.

They do not have high specificity. They hit a variety of animals, a person who are close by. Clusters of animals are especially often at risk of infection. Despite the fact that they still hit a person, they prefer other warm-blooded animals.

Insects constantly on the skin do not live, they are transient organisms. They live most often in bedding, carpets, upholstery, and feed on blood. Also in the skin and wool they lay eggs and larvae.

[33]

Sex Flea Bites

Sexual fleas are dangerous because they can live on the skin, in the folds of the human genital organs. Can cause acute inflammation, intoxication. Often is the cause of severe allergies, up to anaphylactic shock. Cause severe itching.

It is important to start treatment in time to prevent the development of erosion and ulcers, as well as allergic reactions, dermatitis. Also, you can not comb the wounds, since a canal that forms as a result of feeding and promoting the flea can form. There excrement of a parasite, various infections can accumulate there. When combing the canal, there is a risk of infection and abundant spread of infection throughout the body.

Flea bites in children

Children flea bites much more often than adults, because children are more often in contact with animals, more often play with foliage, grass, are in abandoned rooms, and this is the source of fleas. Usually, the bite develops itching, spots appear, signs of an allergic reaction. In some cases, no action is required, except for local processing.

But in the case of a severe allergic reaction, urgent medical attention is required, since anaphylactic shock can develop. Also the danger of bites is that fleas can be carriers of dangerous infections. Due to lower immunity, the risk of developing an infection or a severe allergic reaction in children is much higher than in adults.

[34], [35]

Complications and consequences

One of the consequences of a bite is severe itching, which tortures a person. There may also be an allergic reaction to the enzyme that enters the body with the saliva of the flea during the bite. It can develop strong swelling, inflammation, irritation. The most dangerous is anaphylactic shock.

The second danger is that the flea is the carrier of the most serious infectious diseases, such as encephalitis, typhoid, plague. There is also a high risk of parasites.

When combing the wound, an infection can develop, which will lead to the spread of the inflammatory process, suppuration, infection.

[36], [37], [38]

Allergy to flea bites

After a flea bite, an allergic reaction appears almost always. It is a reaction of the body to an enzyme that enters the human body with a bite. Usually the degree of reaction depends on the tendency to allergic reactions and the degree of sensitization of immune cells. In some, the allergy may manifest as severe itching, rashes, others may lead to the development of anaphylactic shock.

Any, even the minimal allergic reaction demands rendering of medical aid, the reference to the doctor. Apply primarily antihistamines. Good acting loratadine, suprastin, diphenhydramine. At an elevated temperature take antipyretics. Sedatives are also needed.

Signs of allergy include increased excitability, rashes and redness on the skin, severe headache, fever, intense neuropsychiatric reactions, including increased excitability, irritability, fear, anxiety, excitement.

[39]

Fleck bite stains

After the bite of a flea, almost always there are spots. They can be caused by the action of an enzyme, or an allergic reaction. Most often there are several spots that are sequentially localized one after another. They can be in the open parts of the body. Often localized on the legs.

In the place of the spot usually there is burning, itching. First a red spot of a small size appears, gradually it expands to form a large red spot. Around the development of edema, hyperemia. Then a blister can form.

To provide first aid, you can use hydrocortisone ointment, which helps well against bites of fleas and other insects. She needs to anoint the place of bite as soon as the insect bites.

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