Difference Between Black Ticks — Red Ticks, Animals

Difference Between Black Ticks & Red Ticks

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Ticks are relatively small arachnids who survive by feeding off the blood of animals and humans. Ticks can pose a serious health hazard because they spread disease as they travel from host to host. The United States is home to different types of ticks, and the type you may be exposed to depends on the area of the country where you live.

Deer Ticks

Deer ticks are one of the most dangerous types because they carry Lyme disease, as well as several other illnesses. Lyme disease can have very serious health consequences for humans. Deer ticks are most often found in the northern part of the country but are a growing problem along the entire eastern seaboard. Female deer ticks are red and black in color. Male deer ticks are solid black. Deer ticks are also known as black-legged ticks. Both genders have black legs.

American and Brown Dog Ticks

Brown dog ticks are actually a reddish-brown color, though it is possible for some individuals to appear more red than brown. These ticks live in warm climates and can quickly infest an area once they gain access. While these ticks are called «dog» ticks, they can thrive on a variety of hosts. Brown dog ticks can spread Babesiosis and Ehrlichiosis. Babesiosis is a parasitic infection that damages your red blood cells and can cause serious anemia as well as an assortment of flu-like symptoms. Ehrlichiosis is another type of tick-borne infection that affects your blood, causing a variety of symptoms. Both of these diseases can lead to death if left untreated. The American dog tick is similar in color to the brown dog tick but the American dog tick has gray or silver mottling on its scrotum.

Avoiding Ticks

You do not want to be a host to a tick, regardless of the type. Help prevent becoming a tick’s next meal by taking precautions against them when you plan to spend time outdoors. Wear light colored clothing that will make it easier for you to spot any ticks that are crawling on you. Wear clothing that covers most of your body and fits snugly. The less skin you have exposed, the less skin you have to worry about. Avoid dense areas of vegetation and try to stick to cleared areas. Wear bug spray when you are outdoors.

Removing Ticks

If you do get a tick on you, remove it as quickly as possible. Grasp the tick by the head/mouth area using a pair of tweezers and pull it straight out of your skin without twisting or bending it. The tick should pull straight out. If it doesn’t, you may have to make several attempts to remove it with the tweezers before you get it all. Kill the tick by submerging it in rubbing alcohol and clean your wound thoroughly with an antiseptic. If the tick was a deer tick, meaning it was either completely black or red and black with black legs, call your doctor immediately so that he can determine whether you need antibiotics or further medical treatment. This is especially crucial if you live in an area where Lyme disease is commonly found.

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Small Red Ticks: What are they?

While ticks have several characteristics in common with fleas and mites, these tiny blood-sucking parasites exhibit a number of unique behaviors that can help you distinguish them from other pests.

One of the most common sources of confusion between ticks and mites is color. No known species of naturally occurring red tick exists. But ticks can sometimes appear to be red if they’re in the act of feeding. However, the spider mite, red velvet mite, clover mite and the larvae of the harvest mite—known colloquially as chiggers—all take various shades of red. Mites, like ticks, are arachnids equipped with eight legs. Further, mites and ticks have only two segments: a small head with prominent mouthparts and a large body from which stems the legs.

Look for these indicators to determine if a small red tick is actually a mite:

Many mites are nearly invisible to the naked eye. (The red velvet mite is something of an exception, measuring a whopping fifth of an inch once it reaches adulthood.) The more visible the red speck, the more likely it is to be a tick.

The type of mites responsible for irritating their host, such as chiggers and itch mites (which cause scabies), actually feed on skin rather than blood. An immediate itch associated with a small red insect is probably a sign of a mite rather than a tick.

All ticks are hematophagous: Their diet consists exclusively of blood. Mites are more omnivorous, and many mite species are vegetarian-only. If you notice small red insects attached to your feet or legs after spending time outdoors, especially in tall grass or weeds, you have most likely picked up mites.

If your red tick is actually a tick, then it is likely a soft tick (the family Argasidae). This family of ticks includes the bat tick, the common fowl tick and several rodent-associated ticks (Ornithodoros) known to transmit relapsing fever as well as Lyme disease. As the names of these species suggest, these ticks are all associated with animals already considered nuisances and are more likely encountered if you have an existing mouse, rat or even squirrel infestation. Hard ticks, on the other hand, favor wooded and grassy environments, and therefore pose a concern to campers, hikers and those who work outdoors.

Soft ticks feature a more flattened, oval body type than their hard-bodied cousins, and they’re typically lighter in color: gray or gray-brown as opposed to black. Hard-bodied ticks are so-called because they have a hard plate, or scutum, positioned directly above their heads. Each species of hard tick sports a uniquely patterned scutum, so, unlike soft ticks, they can be more easily differentiated from one another upon close inspection.

Soft ticks are more like fleas in their feeding habits. Hard ticks can latch on and become anchored to their host for as long as a week. Soft ticks are more likely to feed more frequently, and thus take on a red appearance for hours—even minutes—rather than days. Soft ticks become engorged (or enlarged), but their stomachs cannot expand to the extent of their hard cousins, which can almost double their actual size. When not feeding, soft ticks often return to a central nest. Not unlike bedbugs, soft ticks are foragers who are attracted by the “scent” of carbon dioxide. This fact helps explain why humans are more at risk of being attacked by soft ticks while sleeping.

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Ticks with White Spot on Back

Ticks with a white spot on the back are female Lone Star Ticks. Its common name is Lone Star while the formal name is Amblyomma americanum.

Description

The white spot or star on the female is what distinguishes it from other ticks. The white spot, sometimes called a star, forms part of the tick’s shield. Aside from the spot, the tick is known for being very forceful. It will travel long distances just to go after its host.

Repelling the Ticks

Various ticks can be used to repel the ticks. Among the most effective are deet-based repellents. There are also many products available that can keep the fleas at bay. Spot-on and topical treatments can be used. There are also shampoos that can get rid of ticks and also fleas.

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Diseases

Keeping Lone Star ticks off your pet is necessary because it can carry a lot of diseases. These include Tularemia, Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis and quite likely Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. The tick does not carry Lyme disease, but some people get rashes that are similar to those of Lyme disease. The cause of the disease is unknown.

However, it has been established that it isn’t due to the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria which carries Lyme disease. If you get bitten by ticks with a white spot on the back, the rashes may appear.

Additional symptoms will include fever, fatigue, muscle and joint pains and headaches. This condition is now known as southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI). Treatment consists of oral antibiotics.

Location

The Lone Star tick is found mainly in the south central and south eastern states. Studies have shown that the tick range has been expanding over the past three decades. It has been sighted in places like central Texas and Oklahoma and northern Maine.

Feeding

The Lone Star tick feeds on dogs, cats and humans. This is true not just for the adult tick, but even at the larva and nymph stages. When bitten, the area will appear red and be irritable.

While it causes discomfort, it does necessarily imply an infection has set in. There are many antibiotics and skin creams that may be used to reduce the pain.

The best way to avoid being bitten by ticks with a white spot on the back is by not going to their habitats. These include areas with lots of bushes and thick wood. if you have to go to those places, wear socks.

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Worst Ways to Remove a Tick

  • B.A., Political Science, Rutgers University

Is there anything worse than finding a tick embedded in your skin? Besides the ick factor, tick bites are a definite cause for concern, because many ticks transmit disease-causing pathogens. In general, the faster you remove the tick, the less your chance of getting Lyme disease or other tick-borne illnesses.

Unfortunately, there’s a lot of bad information being shared about how to remove ticks from your skin. Some people swear that these methods work, but scientific studies have proven them wrong. If you have a tick embedded in your skin, please read carefully. These are the 5 worst ways to remove a tick.

Burn It With a Hot Match

Why people think it works: The working theory here is that if you hold something hot against the tick’s body, it will become so uncomfortable it will let go and flee.

Dr. Glen Needham of Ohio State University found that holding a hot match against an embedded tick did nothing to convince the tick to let go. Needham also noted that this tick removal strategy actually increases your risk of pathogen exposure. Heating the tick can cause it to rupture, increasing your exposure to any diseases it may carry. Also, heat makes the tick salivate, and sometimes even regurgitate, again increasing your exposure to pathogens in the tick’s body. And do I need to mention that you can burn yourself trying to hold a hot match against a tiny tick on your skin?

Smother It With Petroleum Jelly

Why people think it works: If you completely cover the tick with something thick and gooey like petroleum jelly, it won’t be able to breathe and will have to back out to keep from suffocating.

This is an interesting idea that has some basis in reality, since ticks breathe via spiracles and not their mouths. But whoever hatched this theory didn’t have a complete understanding of tick physiology. Ticks, according to Needham, have extremely slow respiration rates. When a tick is moving about, it may only breathe 15 times in an hour; while resting comfortably on a host, doing nothing more than feeding, it breathes as little as 4 times per hour. So smothering it with petroleum jelly could take a very long time. It’s a lot quicker to simply pluck the tick off with tweezers.

Coat It With Nail Polish

Why people think it works: This folklore method follows the same reasoning as the petroleum jelly technique. If you completely cover the tick in nail polish, it will start to suffocate and give up its grip.

Smothering a tick with nail polish is just as ineffective, if not more so. Needham determined that once the nail polish hardened, the tick became immobilized and was therefore unable to retreat from the host. If you coat a tick with nail polish, you are simply securing it in place.

Pour Rubbing Alcohol on It

Why people think it works: Maybe because they read it in Readers’ Digest? We’re not sure of their source for this tidbit, but Readers’ Digest has claimed «ticks hate the taste of rubbing alcohol.» Perhaps they think a tick doused in rubbing alcohol will loosen its grip in order to spit and cough in disgust?

However, rubbing alcohol isn’t without merit when it comes to removing ticks. It is good practice to clean the affected area with rubbing alcohol to prevent infection of the tick bite wound. But that, according to Dr. Needham, is the sole benefit of putting rubbing alcohol on a tick. It does nothing to convince the tick to go.

Unscrew It

Why people think it works: The theory here is that by grabbing and twisting the tick, it will somehow be forced to lose its grip and pop free of your skin.

Dr. Elisa McNeill of Texas A&M University has an amusing retort for this tick removal method – tick mouthparts are not threaded (like screws)! You cannot unscrew a tick. The reason a tick can maintain such a good hold on your skin is because it has lateral barbs extending from its mouthparts to anchor it in place. Hard ticks also produce a cement of sorts to fasten themselves down. So all that twisting isn’t going to get you anywhere. If you twist an embedded tick, you will most likely succeed in separating its body from its head, and the head will remain stuck in your skin where it can become infected.

Now that you know the wrong ways to remove ticks, learn how to remove a tick safely and effectively (from the Centers for Disease Control). Or better yet, follow these tips for avoiding ticks so you never have to remove one from your skin.

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Tick Borne Diseases

Florida Health

4052 Bald Cypress WayВ

Tallahassee, FL 32399

Tick Life Cycle

General tick life cycle (may vary depending on tick species)

Most people are infected by nymphal stages during the spring and summer. Nymphs are often small enough to escape notice and so can stay attached longer than adults, increasing risk of disease transmission.

  • Blacklegged Tick
  • Lone Star Tick
  • American Dog Tick
  • Gulf Coast Tick
  • Bont Tick *Not from florida, may be brought in from the Caribbean*
  • Argasid Tick («Soft Tick»)

Species Name

Seasonal Abundance

April-August: Larvae and Nymphs

Primary Hosts

Larvae and Nymphs: Reptiles (skinks and snakes), birds, and some rodents

Adults: Larger animals including cattle and humans

Associated Diseases

Lyme Disease, Babesiosis

More Information

Species Name

Seasonal Abundance

Adults: April-August (peak in July)

Primary Hosts

Larvae and Nymphs: Small mammals and birds, do not feed on rodents

Adults: Deer, cattle, and humans

Associated Diseases

More Information

Species Name

Seasonal Abundance

Primary Hosts

Larvae and Nymphs: Almost exclusively small rodents, particularly mice and cotton rats

Adults: Large variety of mammals and humans

Associated Diseases

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

More Information

Species Name

Seasonal Abundance

Primary Hosts

Larvae and Nymphs: Small rodents and ground dwelling birds

Adults: Large variety of mammals and humans (primarily ears of large mammals)

Associated Diseases

More Information

Species Name

Seasonal Abundance

*Not currently in Florida, could be introduced from the Caribbean*

Associated Diseases

African tick-bite fever, Heartwater in ruminants, and Dermatophilosis (skin infection)

More Information

Family

Life Cycle

Adult females can feed and lay eggs several times during their lifetime. Soft tick species may also undergo more than one nymphal molt before reaching the adult stage.

Habitat

Animal shelters or burrows, caves, poor-quality human dwellings

www.floridahealth.gov

Identifying Bug Bites

What’s In This Guide

Some pests live off blood from humans and organisms, others consume skin cells, and still others only bother humans when they’ve been disturbed themselves. Knowing how to treat bug bites is easiest when you can identify them by the bite’s appearance, the anatomy of the species, and by being aware of what pests are in your environment.

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While most bites from pests bring only minor discomfort, some are painful, and a few are deadly. Along with headline-grabbing illnesses like Lyme Disease, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Zika, and West Nile Virus, the medical community has seen severe allergic reactions to different insects and arachnids.

While certain pest bites lead to disease and viral infections, the greatest risk in many cases is a secondary infection from scratching the affected area. Use this bug bite identification guide to learn about and identify the most common bites and stings from wildlife in North America.

Fire Ants

Identifying Fire Ant Bites

A wound from a fire ant is obvious right away. You’ll likely find a red lesion, sometimes with pus, along with welts or lumps. Blisters appear a day or two after the sting and remain up to eight days, sometimes causing scars. Swelling in the area is also common.

In most cases, a fire ant attack means multiple wounds. These ants react aggressively when their large mounds are disturbed. Ironically, multiple wounds often come from the same ant. When this happens, you may see a semicircular pattern in the affected area where the ant has pivoted its head while attacking.

Symptoms of a Fire Ant Bite

You may feel a sensation like burning or stinging – because, like with bees and wasps, a fire ant attack is a sting rather than a bite. Even though it uses its jaw to latch onto the skin, it stings (injects venom) with its abdomen.

Fire ants look much like carpenter ants and other varieties you may know well. Reddish brown to reddish black, you will find their dirt mounds in sunny areas. Originally from South America, they have been in the U.S. since the 20th century and have become common in the South, although they still may be migrating northward.

Treatment of Fire Ant Bites

Discomfort can be relieved with antihistamines and pain relievers, as well as cold compresses. Do not scratch the skin or puncture blisters to prevent secondary infections. Keep blistered areas clean with mild soap and water.

As with bees, a few people have toxic or even life-threatening allergic reactions to fire ant stings. Seek medical attention if you experience nausea, diarrhea, sudden anxiety, dizziness, sneezing, wheezing, excessive swelling, itching or swelling in the face, chest tightness, or trouble breathing.

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Bed Bugs

Identifying Bed Bugs

When bed bugs bite – and even when one bites multiple times – it’s common not to notice the area for a few days. Their saliva has anesthetic properties which promote blood flow at the site. Along with swelling and/or a red rash, it is common to find itchy red welts that can be small, flat or raised. You may also see a tight line of small red marks.

Reddish, shaped like apple seeds, and under a millimeter, these bugs aren’t found only in bedding. They often live in old furniture and cluttered areas, but they can also be transferred into cleaner environments via luggage, boxes, and pets.

Symptoms of Bed Bug Bites

If you do have a reaction, the first thing you may feel is a sensation and then itching. While bed bugs can bite humans anywhere on their bodies, most bites occur on uncovered areas like the neck, face, arms, and hands.

Treatment of Bed Bug Bites

Bed bugs feed on other organisms like humans every five to ten days. Nevertheless, they do not carry disease, and for most people, the greatest risk is infection from scratching. Some individuals do experience a mild or severe allergic reaction to bed bug saliva within one to three days. If you see hives, visit your doctor. Otherwise, relieve the itching with over-the-counter cortisone creams and antihistamines

Bees and Wasps

Identifying a Sting

In individuals without bee and wasp allergies, the evidence of a bee or wasp sting is generally a swollen, red welt and a small white spot along with sharp, instantaneous pain. Honey bees also leave their stingers behind. While bees die shortly after stinging, wasps survive because their stingers are not barbed and are not pulled out of their bodies.

Treating Bee Stings

If you spot a bee stinger on the surface of the affected area, quickly remove it with tweezers. Wash with soap and water to remove all traces of venom infection, and clean it with antiseptic. If you apply antibiotic ointment, make sure the area is thoroughly dry. The pain can be relieved with a cold pack. You can take over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories.

Treating Wasp Stings

Many wasp stings cause pain and swelling. This can be reduced by wrapping the area in a cloth for 20 minutes every hour. If you haven’t had a tetanus shot in a decade, you will need a booster shot within days after a wasp sting.

If you know that you are allergic to bees or wasps – or experience a weak pulse, trouble breathing, dizziness, fainting, or swelling of the throat and tongue, call 911. If you have an epinephrine injector pen nearby, use it immediately.

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Bed Bugs — How To Identify Them and Not Take Them Home

Updated for 2019 Bed BugsHow To Identify Them and Not Take Them Home In This Guide: Avoid Them Report Them Appearance Where They’re Found Identify Bites Get Rid of Them Bed bugs are an increasing problem in the United States, affecting millions of family homes.

Chiggers

Small, itchy red bumps are but one sign that a chigger has bitten you. You may notice a bright red dot in the center of the inflamed area—this is a remnant of the tube your skin formed in response to the chigger’s saliva. These bumps appear in groups and may look like welts, blisters, hives, or even pimples.

While many pests attack exposed areas of the body, chiggers seek out warm areas where clothing fits tightly on the skin. Most chigger bites are found near the ankles, waist, armpits, crotch, and armpits, and folds of skin like armpits and the backs of knees.
Barely visible to the naked eye, chiggers are a type of mite that bites humans when they are still larvae. Under 1/150 of an inch at this stage, you can spot their red bodies when they group together. Once they consume human skin cells, the red color fades to yellow.

These arachnids live in wooded areas and tall vegetation. They can attach to humans who make contact with weeds and brush. Chiggers inject their saliva, which enables them to liquefy and eat skin. They can stay attached and feeding for several days before falling off. The bite itself is not painful, and the discomfort is highest within two days afterward. Nevertheless, they do not feed on blood and do not carry disease.

Treatment of Chigger Bites

Treat chigger bites with over-the-counter itching remedies so that you do not scratch and risk infection. The discomfort is most intense within the two days after the bite, when the chigger falls off. If there does seem to be an infection, or if the welts spread, visit a doctor.

Fleas

Identifying Flea Bites

Flea bites are usually found in groups of three or four, often as a rash of small, red bumps that sometimes bleed. Characterized by reddened circles around red spots, flea bite rashes turn white when they are pressed and often grow or spread over time. Fleas tend to target legs, ankles, armpits, elbows, and the area behind knees.

These reddish brown insects are about 2.5 millimeters long and jump wide distances. They suck blood from their host to feed. In rare instances, the U.S. has seen cases of plague which fleas spread to humans between rodents and pets. However, fleas are largely harmless.

Treatment of Flea Bites

See a doctor right away if the wound begins to excrete pus — a few individuals experience allergic reactions when fleas bite them. Otherwise, flea bites can be easily treated with over-the-counter hydrocortisone creams or antihistamines. Scratching the rash can lead to a skin infection, so it is important to address itches. Once you have an infestation in your home, you will need to vacuum daily, spray insecticides, use a veterinarian-approved insecticide on pets and keep those pets out of bedrooms.

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Deer Flies

Identifying Deer Fly Bites

While most flies are simply annoying pests, a deerfly bite must be carefully treated. You’ll find an itchy red bump or welt with swelling around the bite, which is noticeably painful. These insects are active on sunny days and can be found around forests, beaches, lakes, and other damp areas. The same size as houseflies, deer flies have patterned wings and black or yellow striping.

Symptoms of Tularemia

One American deer fly species is known to transmit the disease tularemia, a severe bacterial infection that can be fatal to both humans and animals if not treated with antibiotics. Seek medical attention right away if you have ulcers, a headache, exhaustion, chills or fever, headache, exhaustion, or swollen and painful lymph glands.

Treating Most Deer Fly Bites

Deer bites can be treated with soap and water, antihistamines, and cold packs. When the flies are blood feeding, they inject saliva that contains anticoagulants, which sometimes cause an allergic reaction. Seek medical attention right away if you are wheezing, if your lips or your eye area swell, or if you feel dizzy or weak.

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Mosquitoes

Identifying Mosquito Bites

A mosquito bite is generally a raised surface – often a round or even hard skin bump that becomes irritated quickly. It can be puffy with a red dot in the middle and may appear as small as blisters. Mosquitoes feed on blood to cultivate their eggs.

Symptoms of Mosquito Bite-Related Illnesses

It is common for children to experience low grade fever or swelling after being bitten.
While life-threatening diseases like malaria aren’t first-world issues, the Zika and West Nile Viruses have affected many people in North America. There has even been a reported case of chikungunya virus in the U.S.

If you have head or body aches, fever, diarrhea, or vomiting within two weeks of being bitten, seek medical attention to be sure that you do not have the West Nile virus.

Many people affected by the Zika virus have mild or no symptoms, and this infection often means only a brief, flulike illness for most patients. Nevertheless, there is a significant rate of microcephaly in infants born to Zika-infected pregnant women. Consult a doctor if you develop a rash, a headache, pain in joints or muscles, or conjunctivitis.

Treating Mosquito Bites

In most cases, the main concern is a secondary infection from scratching. These infections can lead to a secondary infection, which can pave the way for illnesses like staph, strep, or impetigo. This makes it very important to apply a topical hydrocortisone cream. A large number of bites – or symptoms like swelling or hives – calls for an antihistamine

Last update on 2020-04-24 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

Black Widow Spiders

Identifying Black Widow Spider Bites

Two fang marks are a distinctive sign of a black widow spider bite, along with a tender, red wound and a nodule where they have bitten. While the bite itself is not always painful, it is often followed by a spike in blood pressure, muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting, and/or a seizure 20 minutes to an hour afterward. Black widow bites are also known to cause radiating pain, abdominal cramping, and excessive sweating.

With long legs, a glossy black abdomen, and a distinctive red, yellow, or orange hourglass shape on its underside, the black widow herself is easy to spot. They often take cover in wood piles, tree stumps, and sheds and are found mostly in the Southern and Western U.S

Treating Black Widow Spider Bites

If you are bitten, seek medical attention immediately so that you may be treated with antivenin. Call 911 or the American Association of Poison Control Centers at 800-222-1222. If you can, bring the spider with you to the ER for positive identification.

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Brown Recluse Spiders

Identifying Brown Recluse Bites

Although a bite from a brown recluse spider may not be painful – and you may not even realize it for some time – it can cause infection and illness. In a few cases, its venom can be deadly.

Its bite often begins first as a red spot, with reddening and swelling. This area often whitens and develops a painful blister shaped like a bull’s eye. It could appear blue-purple and resemble a bruise, or even darken later and become crusty.

Brown recluse spiders have a distinctive dark violin-shaped markings and vary in color from dark brown to light tan. True to their name, they inhabit secluded areas like attics and closets and underneath leaves, rocks, woodpiles, or structures. They are normally found in the South and Midwest.

Symptoms of Brown Recluse Bites

It is common to feel severe pain at the wound site several hours later, followed by intense itching, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, and fever.

Treating Brown Recluse Spider Bites

See a doctor immediately if you think you have been bitten by a brown recluse. Some people have serious reactions that result in kidney failure, seizure, or coma. You can call 911, and you can also seek help for poisonous spider bites from the American Association of Poison Control Centers at (800) 222-1222. If you can, bring the spider to the ER for proper identification.

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Ticks

Identifying Tick Bites

The first time you notice a dime-sized red spot, it can look like another kind of pest bite. A tick’s bite may have a black dot in the middle. If the head and mouthparts remain in your skin, you may notice a larger black mark, or sometimes even pincers. Sometimes a hardened bump is underneath the punctured skin.

Ticks are often found in plants and brush and often bite humans and animals. When they attach to humans, they tend to seek out warm and covered areas like skin folds, the groin, the scalp, and hair-covered areas.

Tick bites often go unnoticed unless the insect is still on the skin, sometimes even burrowing into it. If it falls out cleanly, this bite should heal without any other problems. But a tick remaining without being carefully removed risks infection or, depending on the type of tick, an illness like Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever or Lyme Disease. Like other pest bites, some individuals also experience allergic reactions after being bitten by ticks.

Symptoms of Lyme Disease

If your rash is red and circular – and expands – seek medical attention immediately. The so-called “bull’s eye” rash may be accompanied by fever, chills, fatigue, headache, aching muscles or joints, or swollen lymph nodes – symptoms of Lyme’s disease. A black-legged tick (also known as a deer tick) must usually be attached 36-48 hours to spread this disease. It can damage your joints, heart, muscles or nervous system if not treated.

Symptoms of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

A rash that begins on the ankles and wrists after a few days of fever, but later spreads to the rest of the body, is a possible sign of Rocky Mountain Spotted fever. Head and muscle aches are also common symptoms. Caused by dog ticks, this potentially fatal infection can be treated with prompt medical care.

Treating Tick Bites

Regardless of the type of tick, wound appearance, or symptoms, it is important to remove the pest from your skin to prevent further infection. Cover the tick with petroleum jelly or hold something hot close to it so it cannot breathe. If it doesn’t let go, use fine-tipped tweezers to grasp its body as close to your skin’s surface as you can. Pull upward with steady, even pressure. Clean the bite area carefully with iodine, alcohol, or soap and water. If the tick’s mouth remains embedded in your skin, leave it alone and allow the skin to heal.

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