Course Summary

Control Measures

Lesson Overview

This lesson describes control measures that can be taken to reduce the occurrence of food pests.

After completing this lesson, you should be able to:

  • Describe practices that can reduce pest infestation in the grounds surrounding a facility.
  • Identify practices used to prevent pests from entering a facility.
  • Indicate sanitation and storage practices that reduce the likelihood of infestation in and around food processing areas.

Introduction

Controlling pests in a food processing facility is essential in order to minimize the transmission of food-borne illnesses caused by microbial contamination.

Effective pest control is based on:

  • Preventing entry (exclusion),
  • Removing nesting/breeding sites (harborage), and
  • Eliminating potential sources of food and water.

Pest control requires vigilance inside and outside the plant. This includes:

  • Maintaining the building to prevent entry of pests.
  • Maintaining the grounds to ensure proper sanitation and remove harborage for pests.
  • Following good manufacturing practices to ensure proper in-plant sanitation.

Control Measures for Grounds

Controlling pests in a food processing facility begins on the grounds surrounding the facility.

The following practices can reduce infestation on the facility grounds:

  • Keep garbage containers and dumpsters clean and covered. Remove trash on a timely basis.
  • Cut weeds or grass and eliminate debris around buildings or structures that may offer a breeding place for pests.
  • Clear drains and install drainage for wet areas that may contribute contamination to food by seepage, foot-borne filth, or providing a breeding place for pests.
  • Inspect roofs and walls and remove bird nesting sites. Install bird netting or spikes to discourage birds from nesting.
  • If rodenticides or insecticides are used, ensure that all precautions are taken to avoid potential contamination of food products and they are being used in accordance with the label.
  • Have the grounds and building inspected for pests on a documented regular schedule.

Buildings

Exclusion is the best way to control pests inside the food processing or storage facility.

The following practices can help prevent pests and their associated pathogens from entering the building:

  • Use self-closing doors and install door sweeps on facility doors.
  • Keep doors closed. For doors that must remain open, such as loading dock doors, install air curtains, screens, or plastic strip curtains. Ensure bottom door sweeps are in good repair.
  • Ensure that the facility airflow is positive at all entry points, which allows insects to be pushed out.
  • Ensure that windows are screened, screening is in good repair, and screens are kept closed.
  • Caulk and seal cracks, especially those at junctions between the floor and walls and around wiring, drain pipes, vents, and flues. Repair all wall openings leading to the outside.
  • If bats are suspected, monitor activity just after dusk or before dawn to identify entry places.

Inside the Plant

Inside the plant itself, good sanitation can reduce the likelihood of infestation.

The following basic sanitation practices should be followed:

  • Remove clutter.
  • Keep floors clean, free of product and other residue. Clean product spills immediately.
  • Clean hard-to-reach areas where filth can build up, such as under and between equipment and around drains.
  • Keep foods covered.
  • Dispose of contaminated or spoiled solid foods in closed containers to prevent rodent and fly harborage.
  • Remove dead pests and sanitize any food-contact surfaces that have come in contact with pests.
  • Eliminate sources of moisture such as leaky plumbing and sources of condensation.

Using effective storage practices inside the plant can also reduce pest infestations, including:

  • Routinely inspect incoming shipments of supplies for pests.
  • Store ingredients and products away from windows and walls (to aid visual inspection), and raised off the floor.
  • Rotate stock frequently in storage areas.
  • Monitor storage areas for stored product pests. Use sticky baited or pheromone (synthetic chemicals used to attract insects) traps for larger facilities to help pinpoint infestations in a documented scheduled program.
  • Discard infested products.
  • Store empty used food containers away from other products and remove them as soon as possible.
  • Isolate rework and/or morgue areas.

Resources

For more information on control measures to reduce pests in food establishments, select the following links:

Lesson Review

You have completed the Control Measures lesson. You should now be able to:

  • Describe practices that can reduce pest infestation in the grounds surrounding a facility.
  • Identify practices used to prevent pests from entering a facility.
  • Indicate sanitation and storage practices that reduce the likelihood of infestation in and around food processing areas.

www.accessdata.fda.gov

Rodent Control Strategies

Got Rats and Mice?

Follow the tips in the sections below and you will be one step closer to keeping your home permanently free of rats and mice.

Need Gopher or Mole Controls?

The Basics on Rodent Control

Removing rodents with traps or poisons will not keep rodents out of your home in the future. To permanently keep rats and mice out of your home or business, you will need to prevent access by sealing all possible entry points. It is equally important to eliminate rodent attractions such as food and water by keeping food in tightly sealed containers and repairing leaky pipes.

Common Sources of Food and Water

  • Food in unsealed containers such as bags of chips, rice, cereal, crackers, flour, and other non-perishables.
  • Pet food and water left out overnight or in a bag rather than in a secure container.
  • Fruits or vegetables in open bowls left outside of refrigerator.
  • Leaky pipes or faucets throughout the house.
  • Open trash and compost containers.

Common Rodent Access Points

  • Holes near cabinets, closets or doors leading to outside or crawl spaces.
  • Holes around sink or appliance pipes.
  • Cracked foundations in the basement or unscreened ventilation holes in the attic, especially in older structures.
  • Holes around windows or doors.
  • Missing screens in vents or crawl spaces under buildings.

Once you have blocked the access points and removed sources of food and water, you’ll need to eliminate the remaining rodents. The following sections offer an overview of different treatment options and serve as useful guidance for keeping your home or business permanently free of rats and mice.

Guidelines to Maintaining a Rodent-Free Home

Three Guiding Principles:

Prevent! Identify! Treat!
Seal entry points to prevent rodents from entering your home or business. Be sure to use 1/4″ x 1/4″ metal mesh to seal off existing entry points. Look for signs of rats and mice such as rodent droppings round food, kitchen corners, inside cabinets or under sinks. Remove rodents by using snap or electronic traps. Be cautious with live traps as rodents might urinate which increases the risk of spreading disease. In addition, some states prohibit releasing rodents into the wild.
Remove rodent attractions such as food or shelter by ensuring that food is securely stored and that surroundings are clean. Also, look for nesting material such as shredded paper or fabric. Install barn owl nesting boxes to naturally control rodents.

Outdoor Recommendations:

  • Don’t plant ivy — it provides shelter and a food source for rodents: snails and slugs. Ivy on walls can form “rat ladders” to windows, attics and other interior spaces.
  • Keep compost piles as far away from structures as possible and grass cut to no more than two inches tall.
  • Maintain at least a 2-foot space between bushes, shrubs, fences, and buildings. Also, remove tree limbs within 3 feet of a structure or roof.
  • Avoid having a bird feeder since it provides a source of food for rodents.
  • Keep outdoor grills and cooking areas clean.
  • Keep firewood off the ground and as far away from structures as possible to mitigate shelter opportunities.
  • Use city-issue plastic trash bins. If cracked or missing a lid, contact the Department of Sanitation for a replacement.

Indoor Recommendations:

  • Encase all food items such as breakfast cereals, chips, and crackers in containers.
  • Opt for garbage bins and compost containers with a top that seals tightly.
  • Rinse food and beverage containers before discarding or recycling.
  • Clean your garbage and recycling bins frequently.
  • Do not leave pet food or water out overnight.
  • Maintain stove tops clean and free of food scraps.
  • De-clutter your home of papers, fabric, and any similar materials that attract rodents for nesting.
  • Repair leaky pipes.
  • Seal entry points around cabinets, interior walls, attic, and crawl spaces with steel wool, caulk, or 1/4″ x 1/4″ metal mesh.
  • Maintain attic, crawl spaces, and cabinets near sinks clean and free of moisture.

For more tips, visit the University of Florida’s Non-Chemical Rodent Control page and Humane Pest Control’s In Buildings web page.

Promote Natural Predators

Natural predators such as snakes, hawks, and owls can help to control rodent populations by feeding on rats and mice. Barn owls are efficient hunters and a family of barn owls can eat as many as 3000 mice per year. To encourage barn owls to nest and stay in your area, consider installing a nesting box. Strategic placement of nesting boxes combined with the use of traps and other preventative measures will go a long way to managing your rodent problems.

For more information on installing and maintaining nesting boxes, visit the Hungry Owl Project or the Barn Owl Box Company. Please note that the Hungry Owl Project strongly urges that NO rodent poisons be used indoors or outdoors while encouraging owls to your property. Using rodent poisons could kill an owl if it feeds on a poisoned rodent.

Treating Rodent Infestations

If you confirm that rats or mice are present in your home, you will need to use a combination of preventative measures and treatment options to get rid of them. The preventative measures include removing food, water, shelter, and access to your home. This section will focus on the treatment options available and provide an overview of traps.

Summary of Rodent Control Recommendations

Types of Traps

Benefits of Using Traps

Using traps instead of rodent poisons gives you clear confirmation of a captured rodent and allows you to better gauge the effectiveness of treatment. You are also able to dispose of rodents immediately rather than dealing with the foul odor of rotting carcasses from poisoned rodents inside your walls or otherwise out of reach. Most important, using traps allows you to avoid rodenticides, which pose a greater threat of exposure to children, pets, and non-target wildlife, including natural predators.

For a guide on how to select and place traps, watch this video created by the New York State Integrated Pest Management Program.

Traps Description
Snap Trap This is the oldest type of trap and uses a spring-loaded bar to kill a rodent on contact. Some modern snap traps prevent risk to children and pets by enclosing the device in a plastic box. Click here to watch an instructional video on how to safely set a snap trap.
Electronic Trap This battery-powered trap delivers an electric shock that kills rodents quickly. This is a newer type of trap, and models are available for both rats and mice.
Live-Animal Trap This is a catch and release system that avoids killing a rat or mouse. Some states prohibit releasing rodents into the wild. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) warns that captured rats or mice might urinate and increase risk of spreading disease.
Multiple-Catch Live Mouse Trap This is a catch and release system that allows for capture of multiple mice. See warnings for the live animal trap above.
Glue Trap Glue traps are not recommended because the adhesive plate that is used to capture rodents can also trap birds, baby animals, lizards, and even pets. These traps also cause undue suffering to rodents. The CDC warns that captured rats or mice might urinate and increase the risk of spreading disease.

Enclosure boxes are plastic boxes that can fit a single snap trap, sometimes more, in order to provide an additional layer of protection for kids and pets. These boxes also hide the dead rodent, making for easier disposal of rodent, and can be re-used.

When using traps, take the following safety steps:

  • Always read and follow the label instructions on the rodent control product.
  • Be sure to place traps in locations where children and pets cannot access them or place traps in safety enclosure boxes.

Cleaning up after trapping rodents

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) recommends the following safety tips:

  • Use gloves when disposing of dead rodents, nests, or any nesting material.
  • Spray the dead rodent or nesting material with a disinfectant solution and allow them to soak for 5 minutes before disposing of rodent or materials in a secure plastic bag.
  • Spray and wipe up the area surrounding dead rodent or nesting material with a disinfectant.
  • Place the plastic bag with rodent or nesting material into another plastic bag along with any wipes or rags that were used to sanitize the surrounding area.
  • Be sure to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.

For tips on cleaning up rodent urine and droppings, see the CDC’s Cleaning up after rodents page.

Review all your options before deciding on a treatment plan. If you decide to work with a pest control professional, be sure the company is Ecowise or GreenShield certified and familiar with Integrated Pest Management techniques.

Achieving Success

Using a multi-tactic approach to manage rodents decreases the risk of dealing with future infestations since a significant piece of the puzzle is adopting preventative measures such as blocking access and eliminating food and water sources that attract rats and mice.

Rodenticides

Rodenticides consist of different types of poisons used to kill rodents. Rodenticide baits can be lethal for any mammal or bird that ingests them and are not only poisonous for rodents. As a result, all baits pose a high risk of poisoning for non-target animals that might eat the bait or consume a poisoned rat or mouse.

For more information on different types of rodenticides, please visit our Rodenticides page.

If you choose to use rodenticides, you should be ready to deal with these potential consequences:

  • Rodents are likely to die in locations where they cannot be retrieved. The smell of a dead animal will persist for several weeks to several months.
  • If you or your neighbors have cats or dogs, they may die or become acutely ill from eating poisoned rodents.
  • Predatory birds like hawks, eagles and owls, and mammalian predators such as foxes and coyotes may die from eating poisoned rodents or a rodenticide bait.
  • Children are at risk of accidental poisoning since they might mistake the rodenticide bait for candy or food.

If after assessing the risks to children, pets, and wildlife of using rodenticides, you still determine that rodenticides are necessary, take these precautionary steps to reduce risk:

  • Always read and follow the label instructions on the pesticide product. The label is the law and you could be liable for any damage resulting from not following the label instructions.
  • Use only US EPA approved products that are sold and used with tamper resistant bait stations to protect children, pets, and wildlife. See US EPA’s list of rodenticide bait station products here.
  • Indoors, only place rodenticide bait stations in locations that are completely inaccessible to children and pets—inside walls, under heavy appliances, or in enclosed crawlspaces.
  • To protect wildlife, consumer-use rodenticide bait products must not contain the second-generation anticoagulants (brodifacoum, bromadiolone, difenacoum, and difethialone) as active ingredients (US EPA).
  • Once all signs of rodents are gone, remove bait stations promptly by placing in a secure plastic bag.

saferodentcontrol.org

Freshwater pest fish

Freshwater ecosystems are very vulnerable to invasion by aquatic pests and weeds. Since European settlement many non-native fish have been accidentally or deliberately introduced into NSW waterways, and have become widespread. Some native Australian fish have also been moved outside their natural range for recreational fishing enhancement or aquaculture.

How are non-native fish introduced?

Some fish have been introduced deliberately, including Eastern Gambusia which were introduced in the early 20th century in a failed attempt to control mosquitoes, and trout which have a long history of stocking in NSW for recreational fisheries enhancement.

Other fish have been accidentally introduced, for example through the escape of ornamental or aquaculture fish (such as carp and goldfish), and the contamination of shipments of fish destined for fish stocking (e.g. banded grunter).

While most of these species have been in NSW for many decades, recently an increasing number of ornamental fish species have been found in the wild. Some may have escaped or may have been released accidentally, but it is likely that others were deliberately (illegally) let go by owners who no longer wanted them and were unaware of the consequences. Once they are in the wild, introduced fish can establish pest populations and can spread through a river system. In some cases the spread of pests into new areas is assisted by people, either accidentally or deliberately.

What species are pests?

Introduced fish that are established in NSW and are considered pests include:

Aquarium and pond weeds can also cause major problems if they spread into the wild.

Of the above pest species, Mozambique Tilapia is the species most recently confirmed to have an established population in NSW. Mozambique Tilapia and some other fish species are significant pests in other states and could have significant impacts if they spread throughout NSW.

What impacts do introduced species have?

Some introduced species, most notably trout, are seen as having social and economic benefits for recreational fisheries and are actively maintained through stocking or other fisheries management actions.

However, other introduced species are considered pests as they can threaten NSW’s native fish species and environments by:

  • altering or degrading the natural environment, e.g. stirring up sediments, increasing nutrient levels and contributing to erosion;
  • feeding on or destroying native plants;
  • preying on invertebrates, native fish and their eggs;
  • competing with native species for food, habitat or spawning grounds.

Pest species can also degrade recreational fisheries by proliferating at the expense of native fish and dominating the catch.

What is the NSW Government doing about pest fish?

On 1st July the NSW Government implemented the new Biosecurity Act 2015 (the Act). Under this new legislation there are 2 lists to help minimise the threat of Aquatic Pests and disease in NSW.

Schedule 2 of the Biosecurity Act 2015 lists prohibited matter. The species on this list are not currently found in NSW and are considered a major threat to NSW native fauna and environment. This means it is illegal to possess, buy, sell or move this pest in NSW. Heavy penalties apply for non-compliance. In addition, NSW DPI has the power to seize and require the destruction of aquatic pests listed as prohibited matter.

Part 2 Schedule 1 of the Biosecurity Regulation 2017 lists the notifiable species in NSW. Under Part 2, Division 5, Clause 18 of the Regulation it is illegal to possess, buy, sell or move this pest in NSW. Heavy penalties apply for non-compliance.

NSW DPI has a program of survey, research, education, signage and in some cases, eradication of pest fish where it is possible. Unfortunately, once pest fish become established in a waterway it is often extremely difficult, if not impossible, to remove them. Most eradication efforts have focused on pest fish which are restricted to a very small area, such as Speckled mosquitofish (Phalloceros caudimaculatus) at Long Reef in northern Sydney and Jack Dempsey cichlids (Cichlasoma octofasciatum) at Angourie on the NSW north coast.

NSW DPI is involved in a significant national research effort directed at future control options for carp, led by the Invasive Animals CRC and the FRDC.

The practice of introducing fish (including ‘native’ fish) into areas outside their natural range has been listed as a key threatening process under the Fisheries Management Act 1994.

There are at least 14 introduced fish species established in the wild in NSW. This is quite a few considering that NSW only has around 55 native species. However, some of these introduced species are capable of greater impacts upon native fish species and ecosystems than others.

Many people are unaware of the damage done to our waterways by pest fish. Once pest fish have invaded a waterway and become established it is very difficult to remove them because they can spread through the whole river catchment. It is very important to prevent pest fish from being introduced into natural waterways in NSW, and from invading areas where they aren’t already.

Help stop the spread of pest fish!

Members of the public, including fishers, divers and members of local environmental groups are often the first to discover a new introduced non-native fish in the wild or the fact that an existing pest has spread into a new area. This information can be very valuable in helping to manage pest problems.

You can protect our waterways and native fish by helping to stop the introduction and spread of pest fish into new areas.

www.dpi.nsw.gov.au

Birds

Birds in the wrong location, in particular pigeons and seagulls can become a real nuisance for your business. It’s not just the mess they make; they can also damage your premises by dislodging roof tiles, blocking guttering and affect your reputation. There are other problems that mean you should adopt bird control measures sooner rather than later. Pigeons and seagulls on your premises can:

  • Deface buildings & vehicles with their droppings. They frequently foul entrances and pavements, which can become dangerously slippery.
  • Encourage insect infestations such as bird mites, textile beetles and fleas – these are attracted to their nests and roosting sites.
  • Attack customers and staff, especially during the breeding season when they are defending their young.
  • Be a health hazard, by spreading diseases such as Ornithosis, E.Coli and Salmonella.

Bird Control Legislation

Understanding the impact of Bird Control legislation on your business

Contact Us

Our qualified Avian specialists provide fast, effective, humane, discreet and targeted bird control solutions to protect your business and reputation.

Signs of a bird problem?

Identify common signs of a bird infestation on your premises

Discouraging pest birds

What you can do to discourage nuisance birds from your property

Fast, Effective Bird Control for Businesses

Benefit from our swift, discreet, targeted bird deterrents to protect your business & reputation

Bird Species & Guides

Some UK bird species can become a serious nuisance in the wrong locations — ask anyone who has had pigeons roosting or gulls nesting on their business premises. Not only can they cause damage to property, but their detritus can also potentially spread diseases. Here are some of the UK bird species that can cause issues in the wrong location.

Diseases of Birds

Birds are known to carry a range of diseases, also hosts to other insect pests. Pigeons are host to ticks, fleas and birds mites. Infections can be spread to humans from their bird droppings and nests.

Disease carried by pigeons and seagulls can make humans seriously ill. Avoiding a bird infestation is the first step in prevention of the infestation. It is important to act fast to reduce health hazards.

www.rentokil.co.uk

US EPA

Does termite damage worry you? If so, you are not alone. Every year termites cause billions of dollars in structural damage, and property owners spend over two billion dollars to treat them. This fact sheet focuses on how you, as a consumer, can identify and help protect your property from termites through effective prevention measures and appropriate use of termite treatments.

How do I Know if I Have Termites?

The first step in prevention is to be on the alert for termites. Termites rarely emerge from soil, mud tubes, or food sources through which they are tunneling. Most people are not aware they have termites until they see a swarm or come across damage during construction. Some of the ways to discover if you have termites are listed below:

  • Examine, by probing, exposed wood for hollow spots (using a flathead screwdriver or similar tool).
  • Identify termite swarms (sometimes ant swarms are mistaken as termites).
  • front wings longer than the hind wings
  • antennae bent at ninety degree angle

Termites

  • wings are roughly equal in length
  • antennae are straight; may droop

The most common form of termite in most of the United States is the native subterranean termite. Exit Other, less common, types of termites include the smaller drywood termite Exit and the invasive Formosan termite.

How Can I Prevent Termite Infestation?

Make the Structure Less Attractive to Termites

During construction, use a concrete foundation and leave a ventilation space between the soil and wood. Cover exposed wood surfaces with a sealant or metal barrier.

Maintain the Termite Prevention Features

  • After construction, keep the soil around the foundation dry through proper grading and drainage (including maintenance of gutters and downspouts).
  • Reduce openings that offer termites access to the structure (filling cracks in cement foundations as well as around where utilities pass through the wall with cement, grout, or caulk).
  • Fix leaks immediately.
  • Keep vents free from blockage, including plants.
  • Ensure that trees and shrubs are not planted too close to the structure and do not allow them to grow against exposed wood surfaces.
  • Do not pile or store firewood or wood debris next to the house.
  • Inspect periodically to help ensure that termite colonies do not become established.

What are the Different Types of Termite Treatments?

Non-Chemical Treatments

Some ways to keep termites out do not involve the application of insecticides. For example:

  • One such method is a physical barrier, typically incorporated during construction.
  • Steel mesh and sands of particular sizes have been shown to perform effectively as physical barriers.
  • Biological control agents (nematodes and fungi) have demonstrated some success, particularly in laboratory settings.

Because these methods do not involve the application of an insecticide, EPA does not regulate them.

Chemical Treatments

Before a company can sell or distribute any pesticide in the United States, other than certain minimum risk pesticides, EPA must review studies on the pesticide to determine that it will not pose unreasonable risks to human health or the environment. Once we have made that determination, we will license or register that pesticide for use in strict accordance with label directions. The pesticides used for the prevention or treatment of termite infestations are called termiticides and must demonstrate the ability to provide structural protection before we register them. In most cases, termiticide application can only be properly performed by a trained pest management professional.

Approved treatments include:

  • Liquid soil-applied termiticides.
  • Termite baits.
  • Building materials impregnated with termiticides.
  • Wood treatments.

Two common forms of treatment are conventional barrier treatments and termite baits.

Conventional Barrier Treatments

The most common technique for treating termite infestations is the soil-applied barrier treatment. Termiticides used for barrier treatments must be specifically labeled for that use.

If conducted improperly, these treatments can cause contamination of the home and surrounding drinking water wells and will not protect against termites. For that reason, it is important to hire a pest management professional who is licensed and trained to take proper precautions. The most common active ingredients found in conventional termiticides are:

Also see our Web page on pyrethroids and pyrethrins for general information on the pesticides in this class and our reevaluation process for them.

Termite Baits

In recent years, several bait systems have been introduced to help reduce the overall use of insecticides and their impact on human health and the environment. These systems rely on cellulose baits that contain a slow-acting insecticide.

The most common active ingredients found in termite baits are:

  • Diflubenzuron — inhibits insect development.
  • Hexaflumuron- first active ingredient registered as a reduced-risk pesticide. It is used as part of a termite inspection, monitoring, and baiting system. Also see general fact sheet (PDF) (3 pp, 248.46 K) Exit
  • Hydramethylnon (PDF) (5 pp, 150.66 K) Exit- insecticide used to control ants, cockroaches, crickets, and termites. (Also see information on hydramethylnon regulatory status.)
  • Lufenuron- an insect growth regulator used to control termites and fleas.
  • Noviflumuron (PDF) (6 pp, 97.8 K) — disrupts termite growth and activity.

Wood Treatment

  • Borates — commonly used as a spray on application during new home construction to protect wood.

Are Pesticides Used Against Termites Safe?

As the federal agency responsible for regulating all pesticides, including termiticides, sold, applied, or distributed in the United States, EPA must ensure that the pesticide, when used according to label directions, meets current safety standards to protect human health and the environment. To make such determinations, we require more than 100 different scientific studies and tests from applicants. Most states also review the pesticide label to ensure that it complies with federal labeling requirements and any additional state restrictions of use.

Many termiticides are highly toxic, making it critical to follow label directions with added care. Pest management professionals have the knowledge, expertise, and equipment as required by the label, which minimizes risks and maximizes effectiveness.

How do I Handle a Termite Infestation?

  • Choose a pest control company carefully — Firms offering termite services must be licensed by your state. Ask to see the company’s license and, if you have any concerns, call your state pesticide regulatory agencyExit. Please read our Citizen’s Guide to Pest Control & Safety for more tips on how to choose a company that will do a good job.
  • Read the pesticide product label — The label tells you exactly how the product is to be used and provides information on potential risks. If the label does not include directions to control termites and protect the structure, then the product is not intended to protect the structure against termites and should not be applied. If you wish to see a copy of the product label, ask the company representative for a copy.
  • Be aware of the how soon you can return to the treated residence — The time required before the residence can be reoccupied will vary by product and will be indicated on product labels. Make sure the applicator has told you when you are allowed to reenter the building.

What if Something Goes Wrong?

To register a complaint concerning a pesticide misapplication, contact your state pesticide regulatory agency Exit . You may also want to call the National Pesticide Information Center’s (NPIC) Exit toll-free hotline at 1-800-858-7378. NPIC provides experts who can answer a broad range of questions concerning pesticide-related issues, such as product use and health effects.

www.epa.gov

See also:  5 Office Security Measures Every Organization Should Undertake - Sheriff Deputies
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