Bitten by midges — you remove the swelling of the eye? What to do, if swollen leg?

bitten by midges – what to do, you remove the swelling?

Then came the long-awaited summer holidays, and, of course, the majority of people at this time active rest on nature. but, sally out of the city is often overshadowed by the unpleasant bites bothersome insects — midges, mosquitoes, horseflies. What to do first, if you are bitten by midges?

midges attack always occurs suddenly. In most cases, people do not even have time to understand, what happened to him. This is due to the exceptional aggressiveness of mosquitoes. Insects are so quickly attacked, receptors in the skin that do not have time to fix irritation

If you are bitten by a gnat in the eye or lip, the inflammatory response (Otok) — is developing very quickly. Especially swelling is expressed in children. So if a child bitten by a gnat in the eye (- or rather, in the eyelid or the delicate skin under the eye), you will need to quickly eliminate inflammation.

Why is formed edema

The main characteristic of a midge bite — this is a very strong irritant effect on the skin of the affected insect saliva, because it is composed of a substance of relatively high toxicity. midge, as known, bite completely different, than mosquitoes. His jaws are chitinous sharply pinch off a small portion of the epidermis, then it gets into the wound saliva, It contains a special ingredient — an anesthetic. That is why the initial bite of midges is virtually painless. After this insect licks the blood and lymph protruding from the wound. If you are bitten by a gnat in the eye, the delicate tissues of the area give the appropriate response quickly enough (cm. A photo):

biting, midge can infect human dangerous diseases: leykotsitozoonozom birds, Onchocerciasis livestock and humans. Besides, substances, contained in the saliva of the insect, can cause severe allergic reactions — simulidotoksikoz

midge saliva, or, how else to call it — Gnusov — it is a serious hemolytic poison. It provides a rich set of agents, including vasodilators, antykoahulyantnыe, enzymes and other substances, break down blood components for easy digestion of insects it. These substances belong to proteins, and they cause itching, swelling of the bitten area, soreness, inflammatory and allergic reactions.

Often after a bite victim sees,Depending on the location of the bite, he was swollen leg or swollen eyelid — and it happens in a matter of hours.

Should we do something in this case,, what actions to take?

Midge bites should not be ignored. If swelling is not treated, they may trigger vascular disease. The anti-edema all available means good

Council! You will need compulsory treatment — in fact it is a pathological condition. And in medicine, this poisoning is even a special name — simulidotoksikoz.

symptomatology

How do we determine, that you have been bitten by it midge? There are a number of signs:

  1. The lesion center point is wound;
  2. increases swelling. Eye (if the bite occurred in an area of ​​the eye) — blush. If the bite affected limb — arm or leg — it can swell totally;
  3. There is an acute itching, burning;
  4. The patient greatly swollen eyes, observed tearing and decreased vision, palpebral fissure may overlap completely;
  5. Blisters and stains;
  6. Healing is long enough.

Bites painful and itchy because of the specific composition of the poison, we always want to comb. To smooth the itching and prevent scratching, spot lesions are advised to wipe 9% solution of vinegar or baking soda solution

note! For each person is characterized by an individual reaction to the bite of midges, of course, the child has all the symptoms are more pronounced, special, when gnat bite in the eye.

The degree of damage depends on several factors at once:

  1. insect species;
  2. The immune status of the victim;
  3. age;
  4. Layers of secondary infection.

note! The tendency to allergy victim — his skin rash may appear, often the pressure increases, and body temperature. And in some severe cases the patient has generalized angioedema, It may also develop a dangerous condition — anaphylactic shock. These conditions are an indication for urgent treatment with antihistamines and sometimes hormonal therapy, and hospitalization.

On average, the bite will heal around 3 of the week, and if we neglect treatment, then healing may be delayed for an indefinite period of time and be complicated by the addition of a secondary infection.

bitten by midges, swollen leg — what to do

  1. Immediately after the injury of the skin area of ​​the bite swells strongly and there is a burning sensation. In no case, scratch or rub the place, you do not accidentally enter into the wound infection. The wound should be thoroughly rinsed, and then treated with an antiseptic solution. You can use these drugs, how Furatsilinom, Miramistin, chlorhexidine.

note! Rinsing should be done with extreme care, if the drugs are used in the eye area.

  1. To get rid of the itching sensations, take the following drugs are a number of antihistamines: Diazolin or Suprastin. Drug therapy prevents the formation of allergic reactions, eliminating patient discomfort from, and also a way, removing edema, if it has occurred.

Another option is to wipe the injury parsley juice. Fresh herbs should chop and squeeze the juice, moisten it cheesecloth and apply to the skin. This means, by the way, It removes not only the itch, but also swelling and redness.

Because pharmaceutical drugs, besides the above-mentioned, You can also use hydrocortisone cream and ointment Levomekol. Ointment to anoint need a thin layer of the affected area, making it 2-3 r daily. These drugs relieve inflammation and, and itching, and swelling.

Council! Lubricate plot puffiness — strictly around the wound, since in contact with the drug directly into the wound with a sharp increase in itching and burning sensation appears.

From itching and pain great help green peppermint leaves or plantain. Green mass should be washed thoroughly in cold water, tolkushkoy mash and apply to the site of injury. Plants have a cooling effect and pronounced edematous. Peppermint and plantain also possess antibacterial properties, preventing the development of infection and inflammation.

note! In the treatment of the eye area can not be applied to the skin with an alcohol, dinner and apple cider vinegar, peroxide and means «Zvezdochka», as this may eventually cause damage to the cornea. These drugs can only be used for application to the body!

  1. remove the tumor, and not only when damaged limbs, and especially, if midge bites into the eye, in the ear, or lip, ie in the areas of the skin, in which the epidermis is particularly thin and delicate, help cooling compress. To this end, the ice cubes turn into a cotton cloth and applied to the affected area for about 2 min.
See also:  BBC - Gardening - Advice: Pest and disease identifier

Excellent results also provides the use of cool lotions sodium chloride solution — baking soda (concentration 1 no. l. on 1 glass of water). swab soaked in a solution is applied to a place for a few minutes bite. You can also apply a fresh plate of chilled potato or cucumber or skin smear their juice.

  1. By redness eye drops well help Sulfatsil, operating as a combined anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory agent.
  1. Bites of blackflies avoid intoxication should observe adequate water regime.

Council! In the treatment of child drugs, listed above, you must first consult with a physician — children’s eye doctor! since it is known, many drugs can cause side effects and have an age restriction and can be strictly contraindicated in children.

prevention

If midge has not had time to bite you, but you are going to relax in nature — protect yourself and your children by using repellents. So-called special funds, that repel mosquitoes, mites, midges and other insects.

Council! choosing a drug, study the instructions carefully. Some of the repellent effect on a limited number of species of insects and are strictly forbidden to use children. The difference between these drugs and the degree of protection, exposure duration and are available in different forms — creams, gels, sprays, napkins, and ointments. For areas often use fumigators, aerosols and ultrasonic devices.

The drug is distributed to areas of the body, not protected by clothing, and the very clothes. Do not apply repellent to the lips and eye area. Be treated ears, as one of the «favorite» places midges bites. Avoid contact with the drug on the damaged skin. After the walk means rinsed with soapy water.

At itself carry a first aid kit with antiseptics, antihistamines and bandages to provide timely assistance.

ru.all-parasites.com

What are the Bug Bites That Cause Swelling And How to Treat Them

Symptoms of bug bites exist in plenty, and swelling happens to be just one of them. The swelling, in such cases, can be localized or general, depending on the insect in question.

With several different types of bugs inhabiting the planet, it is least surprising that we tend to find them almost everywhere. These bugs are usually associated with their painful bites, which trigger swelling, rash or severe itch, and cause a great deal of discomfort. Swelling is perhaps the most common reaction when it comes to insect bites, and is triggered when the body tries to deal with foreign chemical/s that are introduced by insects when they bite.

Swelling need not necessarily be harmful considering that it is a defense mechanism of the body. However, it should not be ignored; especially if it stays for more than 3-4 days. It is also important to monitor the accompanying symptoms, like rash and itch, and consult a doctor if they fail to subside.

Bed Bug Bites
Bed bugs are small nocturnal insects, most often found in the bedding, which are known to feed on human blood. Their bites usually result in localized swelling, reddening of skin and severe itching. The swelling may also lead to formation of blisters, at times. Similarly, small loss of skin tissue is also observed. While these bite marks are known to fade away on their own with time, the itching associated with them can cause a great deal of discomfort during that period.

Chigger Bites
Chigger, aka Chigoe flea, is a parasitic arthropod found in tropical areas. Chigger bites are characterized by small red lesions on the skin, which are accompanied by excessive itching and mild pain. People hypersensitive to insect bites can also experience blistering or swelling in the affected area. At times, the person may even experience bug bite rash and severe itching in the surrounding area.

Flea Bites
Fleas are wingless insects which use their modified mouth to pierce the skin and suck blood. Other than the characteristic itchy rash all over the body, flea bites are also known to trigger localized swelling. Flea bite symptoms can be localized or general depending on the individual’s sensitivity to these bites. These symptoms can continue for a several days after the bite. In case of flea infestation, it is wise to adopt some flea control measures to get rid of them.

Spider Bites
Spider bites can result in a range of symptoms right from simple rash and localized swelling to severe complications such as nausea and muscle cramps. Symptoms may vary depending on the species of spider in question. A bite of the black widow, for instance, is characterized by immediate pain, burning sensation and localized swelling. On the other hand, a brown recluse spider’s bite is characterized by severe pain which develops around 8 hours after the bite, and leads to formation of fluid-filled blister at the affected area. In case of other relatively harmless spiders, bite may result in swelling or itching that would subside with time.

Tick Bites
Ticks are small parasitic arachnids which feed on the blood of warm blooded animals and human beings. Their specially designed mouth helps them suck blood of the host organisms. Tick bites tend to cause redness, intense pain, itching alongside swelling of the affected area. They may also lead to formation of bug bite rash and blisters on the body. Tick bites are usually observed in form of red spots, and they can also lead to transmission of various diseases.

Other than these bugs, insects like mosquitoes and fire ants also bite and may cause the affected area to swell. Similarly, the attack of bees and wasps is also known to trigger swelling of the affected area, but these insects sting – and don’t bite. (Regardless of what has triggered the itching sensation, you should not itch the affected area, as it would do no good but result in loss of skin tissue.)

Dealing with Insect Bites
Even though these bug bites are not considered fatal, the chances of a life-threatening allergic reaction cannot be ruled out. That makes it important to monitor the affected part of the body, and consult a doctor if the symptoms refuse to fade off within 3-4 days. The best home remedy to deal with the symptoms of bug bite is to apply ice pack to the affected part of the body. If the resultant pain is unbearable or if the itching sensation refuses to subside, you can resort to pain reliever or topical mediation to deal with these issues.
As most of these bugs attack to in self-defense, avoiding them can spare you from their terrible bites. When it comes to the parasitic bugs however, they primarily attack for food and not for self-defense, and therefore you are left with no other option but to exterminate them to make sure that they don’t harm you.

See also:  National Infection Prevention and Control Manual: A-Z Pathogens

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8 Best Ways To Reduce Swelling Naturally

Best Ways To Reduce Swelling Naturally

Swelling or edema is a condition in which fluid moves into spaces between cells — usually located in the circulatory system — and obstructs the free passage of nutrients. Depending on the cause, swelling can be reduced using hot or cold packs and by resting the affected body parts. Equally beneficial can be trying massage therapy and cutting back on your salt intake.

The human circulatory system is a network of arteries and veins that supply blood and nutrients to each of our cells. The circulating blood serves many vital functions and is made up of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and a colorless component called plasma or serum. This is the same liquid that we see oozing out of a healing wound. In some diseases – and sometimes because of trauma – this fluid may move into the spaces between cells and interrupt regular blood flow. The areas where fluid accumulates swell up and become painful. Medically, this condition is called edema. 1

Like a fever, swelling or edema is only a symptom of an underlying condition. When the condition is identified and treated, the swelling will naturally reduce on its own. In the meantime, there are some home remedies that can help. Remember, if your swelling is accompanied by pain or fever, visit a doctor immediately.

1. Improve Circulation: Raise The Area And Use Hot And Cold Baths

Raising The Area: Putting a pillow under the swollen area can help raise it and get circulation going again. If you walk a lot and experience swelling in the legs, it may be advisable to take short breaks. It’s time to sit back, put your feet up, and relax. 2 You should also avoid standing for long periods.

Hot And Cold Baths: Alternate hot and cold hand or foot baths often improve circulation. Start with 3 minutes in a hot bath followed by 1 minute of cold. Repeat at least three times. You can do such sets 2–3 times per day. Like all home remedies, consult your doctor first. 3

2. Get Moving

If you are overweight, your doctor will likely advise you to lose weight through diet and exercise. The latter can significantly improve circulation. Staying active helps remove excess fluid from the body. Low-impact forms of exercise like walking, swimming, and cycling are especially easy on the joints. 4

3. Wear Compression Stockings

Certain stockings can grip the limbs tightly and prevent fluid from accumulating there. These may be helpful in chronic cases. 5

4. Eat Less Salt

Salt causes fluids to move out from the cells and into surrounding areas. Reducing your salt intake can be an easy way to curb this fluid retention and prevent swelling. 6 Aside from cutting salt directly, steer clear of hidden salt by avoiding processed or packaged food, especially pickles, sauces, and prepared meat products like sausages

5. Try Leech Therapy

In cases of bone trauma or trauma to the nearby tissues, swelling may also occur in the bone marrow. Ayurveda recommends the age-old leech therapy to treat this type of swelling if it happens in the talus, the large bone in the ankle. 7 A trained Ayurvedic practitioner should be able to guide you through this.

6. Give Acupuncture A Shot

In Chinese medicine, edema is believed to be a result of problems in the lungs, spleen, and kidneys. If and when any of these organs stop functioning normally, circulation slows down, resulting in edema. Acupuncture has a formula that describes the unique set of points to be used for treating different types of edema. 8

As part of a treatment process, acupuncture was carried out on 122 patients who had developed edema following radiation therapy for cancer of the breast and uterus. The patients had various degrees of swelling in their arms and legs. Acupuncture proved to be effective in managing both edema and pain. 9

7. Try Massage Therapy

Massage can be effective in reducing edema that originates because of sports injury. When a vein or lymph channel is compressed during a massage, fluid drains toward the heart. The accumulated fluid that caused the edema can then enter the blood vessels more easily, relieving pressure on the surrounding tissues and improving blood flow. 10

Massage Using Essential Oils

The essential oils of chamomile, lavender, tea tree, juniper, fennel, and geranium have been found to be effective against swelling. Chamomile oil, lavender oil, and tea tree oil can all be applied directly on the affected parts and massaged. Add a few drops of juniper oil or geranium oil to your bath water and soak in it for relief.

Geranium oil can also be mixed with a carrier oil and then applied directly on the affected parts. Mix 15 drops of fennel oil with 15 drops of cypress oil, and about 30 ml of evening primrose oil and massage the affected area with this blend for relief from pain and inflammation.

Another remedy for edema calls for mixing 10 drops each of cypress, fennel, geranium, grapefruit, and juniper essential oils with half an ounce of calendula or sunflower oil (carrier oil). The blend should then be applied to the affected area and lightly massaged in strokes toward the heart. This can be repeated 2–3 times a day until the swelling subsides. 11

Oil therapy for edema is quite widely written about but there is not enough scientific research to explain the workings of this therapy. It’s also a good idea to consult an expert practitioner for a remedy that caters specifically to your condition.

Massage Using Ayurvedic Oils

According to Ayurveda, individuals with kapha dosha are more prone to conditions of fluid retention and swelling. For such people, an anti-kapha oil mix can be prepared using mustard and sesame oil in a proportion of two to one, heated slightly and massaged at specific massage points. Deeply penetrating oils like camphor oil, menthol, eucalyptus, or wintergreen oil can be added to the mix as well. 12

See also:  How To Scare Rats Away From Home

Dry massage at specific points is considered more beneficial for individuals with very high kapha dosha. 13 You should consult an Ayurvedic practitioner so the massage can address your specific condition.

8. Use Herbal Treatments

Herbs can be used to remove excess fluid from the body and strengthen and tone the body’s systems. Different herbs should be used to treat pulmonary edema depending on whether the edema is triggered by conditions in the heart or not.

While garlic stimulates the immune system and lowers blood pressure, herbs such as rosemary, horsetail, and horse chestnut can help the body remove excess fluid. These herbs are safe for edema that has not originated because of any heart condition. For edema resulting from a heart condition, herbs such as astragalus, forskolin, ginkgo, hawthorne, and linden are advised. Do not consume any of these herbs if you are already on diuretics. They could also react adversely with blood-thinning medications and some other drugs, too. Consult an expert herbal practitioner and your doctor before starting any herbal treatment. 14

While edema is frequently a temporary condition that goes away by itself, seek medical attention immediately if the condition persists or becomes painful.

What Causes An Edema?

There are various reasons an edema can develop 15 16 :

  • Something as simple as staying in the same position for too long can cause swelling. Ever notice swollen ankles at the end of a long day? That’s a form of edema. This kind of swelling is usually quite harmless and clears up after sufficient rest.
  • Swelling can occur when the veins lose the elasticity they need to pump blood back to the heart. This condition can manifest as varicose veins, which can also lead to swelling. 17
  • Diseases in any of the regulatory organs, such as the liver, kidneys, and thyroid gland, can cause swelling.
  • During pregnancy, the growing uterus puts pressure on blood vessels in the legs. This can cause swelling or edema in the lower limbs.
  • Lung or pulmonary edema is a dangerous condition that can make breathing difficult. It often happens due to congestive heart failure. As the heart works harder to pump blood, the smaller capillaries in the lungs begin releasing fluid into nearby spaces, reducing lung capacity significantly.

Why And When Is An Edema Harmful?

There are many reasons why an edema can be harmful to the surrounding tissues, and even dangerous for the individual affected. An edema becomes especially dangerous when it forms around internal organs or becomes unbearably painful. This is what can happen:

Toxicity: The trapped fluid prevents the free exchange of nutrients and toxins from the blood capillaries. As a result, cells in the area may starve or even suffer from toxicity.

Hindered respiration: The lungs are centers of gas exchange and an edema can prevent effective respiration.

Organ damage: Some organs in the body are encased in protective tissue. For example, the brain has the skull or cranium and the kidneys have a fibrous sheath. In such organs, even a slight accumulation of fluid can cause the organs to push against these barriers, resulting in organ damage. 18

If the brain were to swell, it would push and compress the arteries against the cranium or skull. That would interrupt blood supply to the brain causing severe damage. Similarly, if there’s a swelling around the lung area, lung capacity can reduce significantly and lead to breathing distress. 19

Infection: When an area is so swollen that it causes immense pain, or if there is redness developing in the swollen area, it could be a sign of infection and needs immediate medical care. 20

Chronic swelling: When swelling is chronic, it usually means that there is something else going on. Many causes, from fluctuating blood pressure to veins becoming weak, can lead to chronic swelling. Since swelling prevents nutrients from reaching a certain area in the body, chronic swelling could turn into a more serious condition. 21

1, 18. Scallan, Joshua, Virginia H. Huxley, and Ronald J. Korthuis. Capillary Fluid Exchange: Regulation, Functions, and Pathology. Morgan & Claypool Life Sciences, 2010.
2, 4. Oedema. NHS.
3. Pulmonary edema University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC).
5. Onorati, D., G. G. Rossi, and G. Idiazabal. “Effect of elastic stockings on edema related to chronic venous insufficiency. Videocapillaroscopic assessment.” Journal des maladies vasculaires 28, no. 1 (2003): 21-23.
6. Luetscher Jr, John A., and Ben B. Johnson. “Observations on the sodium-retaining corticoid in the urine of children and adults in relation to sodium balance and edema.” Journal of Clinical Investigation 33, no. 11 (1954): 1441.
7. JINDAL, NITIN, MANOJ KUMAR SHAMKUWAR, and KK SIJORIA. “TREATMENT OF BONE MARROW EDEMA OF TALUS BONE BY JALAUKAAVCHARANA (LEECH THERAPY): A CASE STUDY.” Journal of Research and Education in Indian Medicine (Estt. 1982) 19, no. 1 (2013): 45-48.
8. Kuhns, Bradley W. Dr. Kuhns Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine “Made Easy”. Bradley Kuhns, 2011.
9. Bardychev, M. S., L. I. Guseva, and N. D. Zubova. “Acupuncture in edema of the extremities following radiation or combination therapy of cancer of the breast and uterus.” Voprosy onkologii 34, no. 3 (1987): 319-322.
10. Goats, Geoffrey C. “Massage–the scientific basis of an ancient art: Part 2. Physiological and therapeutic effects.” British Journal of Sports Medicine 28, no. 3 (1994): 153-156.
11. Essential Oils & Aromatherapy, An Introductory Guide: More Than 300 Recipes for Health, Home and Beauty. Arcas Publishing, 2014.
12, 13. Frawley, David, Subhash Ranade, and Avinash Lele. Ayurveda and marma therapy: Energy points in yogic healing. Lotus Press, 2003.
14. Pulmonary edema University of Maryland Medical Center.
15. Oedema. National Health Service.
16. Pulmonary Edema. U.S. National Library Of Medicine.
17. Varicose veins. NHS.
19, 20, 21. Hall, John E. Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2015.

Disclaimer: The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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