8 benefits of chamomile tea

What are the benefits of chamomile tea?

Chamomile tea has long been used, as a traditional folk remedy, for a wide range of health issues. Nowadays, researchers are increasingly exploring its effectiveness in managing illnesses, including cancer and diabetes.

So far, research into the potency of chamomile tea has shown promise. However, studies vary with some research proving clear benefits compared to alternative remedies, and others merely pointing to possible ones.

For most people, chamomile tea is safe to try as a supplement to other treatments, but it should not replace mainstream medical treatments when people have serious illnesses.

Fast facts about chamomile tea:

  • Dried chamomile flowers are used to make chamomile tea.
  • Researchers are interested in the benefits of consuming chamomile tea.
  • Similarly to any other herbal remedy, it is not safe for everyone.
  • The more potent the tea, the more likely it is to offer health benefits.

Share on Pinterest Chamomile tea is a traditional folk remedy made from dried chamomile flowers.

The potency of various chamomile teas varies, with some containing significantly more chamomile than others. The more potent teas are also more likely to cause side effects in people who are vulnerable to them. Consequently, it is safest to start with a low dosage and work up to larger doses slowly.

Chamomile contains chemicals called flavonoids. These flavonoids are a type of nutrient present in many plants, and they play a significant role in chamomile’s medicinal effects.

Researchers are not sure yet what other chemicals are present in chamomile specifically and account for its benefits.

The potential benefits of chamomile tea, for which there is the most evidence, include:

1. Reducing menstrual pain

Several studies have linked chamomile tea to reduced severity of menstrual cramps. A 2010 study, for example, found that consuming chamomile tea for a month could reduce the pain of menstrual cramps. Women in the study also reported less anxiety and distress associated with period pain.

2. Treating diabetes and lowering blood sugar

Again, some studies have found that chamomile tea can lower blood sugar in people with diabetes. Research does not show that chamomile is a viable substitute for diabetes medications, but it may be a helpful supplement to existing treatments.

Similarly, a 2008 study of rats found that consistent consumption of chamomile tea might prevent blood sugar from increasing. This effect reduces the long-term risk of diabetes complications, suggesting that chamomile could improve diabetes outcomes.

3. Slowing or preventing osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is the progressive loss of bone density. This loss increases the risk of broken bones and stooped posture. While anyone can develop osteoporosis, it is most common among post-menopausal women. This tendency may be due to the effects of estrogen.

A 2004 study found that chamomile tea might have anti-estrogenic effects. It also helped promote bone density, but the study’s authors caution that further research is needed to prove this apparent benefit.

4. Reducing inflammation

Inflammation is an immune system reaction to fight infection. Chamomile tea contains chemical compounds that may reduce inflammation. However, long-term inflammation is linked to a wide range of health problems, including hemorrhoids, gastrointestinal pain, arthritis, autoimmune disorders, and even depression.

5. Cancer treatment and prevention

Some studies suggest that chamomile tea may target cancer cells, or even prevent those cells from developing in the first place. However, research so far is inconclusive, and scientists say more work is needed to prove chamomile’s anti-cancer claims. Also, most research has looked at clinical models in animals, not humans.

A 2012 study compared the cancer-fighting powers of marigold and chamomile teas. Both were able to target cancer tumors selectively, but the effects of marigold tea were more potent.

6. Helping with sleep and relaxation

Chamomile tea is widely thought to help people relax and fall asleep. Few clinical trials have tested this, however.

In one review of the current evidence, 10 of 12 cardiovascular patients are quoted as having fallen asleep shortly after consuming chamomile tea. A handful of other studies looking at clinical models also suggest that chamomile tea may help people relax.

In a study using rats, chamomile extract helped sleep-disturbed rodents fall asleep. Many researchers believe that chamomile tea may function like a benzodiazepine. Benzodiazepines are prescription drugs that can reduce anxiety and induce sleep. Some research suggests that chamomile binds to benzodiazepine receptors.

A review looking at the ability of chamomile tea to reduce anxiety is inconclusive. Some studies show a modest anti-anxiety benefit, but others do not.

7. Treating cold symptoms

Anecdotal evidence and some studies suggest that inhaling steam with chamomile extract can relieve some of the symptoms of the common cold. But this benefit is not proven yet.

8. Treatment for mild skin conditions

A small 1987 study found that applying chamomile extract directly to a wound assisted healing. Likewise, a few studies have found that chamomile ointments may help with eczema and mild inflammatory skin conditions, although they are not as effective as hydrocortisone cream.


Does Camphor Kill Bed Bugs?

Camphor is a surprising remedy for eliminating many common household pests. There is a folk remedy that recommends using camphor and mothballs (also called naphthalene balls) to repel house flies. Simply infuse camphor and mothballs in a gallon of water by steeping the ingredients in water overnight. On the next day, filter out the mothballs and camphor out and fill up a clean spray bottle with the liquid. Spray this solution near trash cans, kitchen countertops, and house plants. The strong scent will repel the bugs away and keep houseflies out of your home.

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The question on everyone’s minds (or at least on the minds of those folks battling bed bugs) is whether camphor balls kill bed bugs and how to use camphor oil to get rid of bed bugs. Let us find out.

What is camphor?

Camphor or cinnamomum camphora is a translucent or cloudy white substance obtained from trees native to China. It has a strong scent that makes it a beneficial ingredient in perfumes and soaps. In many Eastern countries, camphor is burnt in rooms to purify the air. Many cultures also use camphor during auspicious occasions. When placed in drawers and boxes, camphor repels moths and flies and when burnt in rooms, it eliminates mosquitoes and cleans, deodorizes, and freshens up the air. Camphor is obtained from the wood of a tree called the camphor laurel. It is obtained by distilling the wood and collecting the cloudy white substance that collects on the sides of large vats. It is then formed into pellets or distilled as oil and sold in bottles.

Is camphor toxic?

Camphor is toxic when ingested. The FDA states that 500 mg of camphor can cause serious toxicity in a child. In an 11% solution, this amount would be approximately equal to 4.6 ml. However, camphor is not toxic when burnt in the air or when used as a spray. In fact, camphor is a safe, eco-friendly, and environmentally safe way of getting rid of many household bugs like mosquitoes, chiggers, gnats, fruit flies, bed bugs, ants, roaches, book worms, silverfish, and other annoying pests that destroy property and harm pets and humans.

Can you use camphor oil to get rid of bed bugs?

Camphor oil can be used for repelling bed bugs. However, you must not apply camphor oil to the skin. Camphor oil can be absorbed by the skin where it can cause an allergic reaction as well as blood toxicity. Overdosing on camphor oil can cause nausea, vomiting, and even convulsions and palpitations. In order to use the camphor oil to repel bed bugs, you can add it to some rubbing alcohol or water and spray it around the bed. However, this is not an efficient way of getting rid of bed bugs using camphor.

How to use camphor to get rid of bed bugs

Sprinkling camphor powder in beds and boxspring

Follow the instructions given below to get rid of bed bugs using camphor powder:

  1. Vacuum the house thoroughly. This step is necessary to remove all of the visible bed bugs, their fecal matter, as well as their eggs and larvae and to prepare the rooms for the camphor treatment.
  2. De-clutter the area you will treat. This step will ensure that the bed bugs do not have hiding places to hide in once you sprinkle the camphor all around.
  3. Buy camphor pellets. You can readily get them in medical stores or grocery stores. Alternatively, you can buy camphor balls online.
  4. Crush these camphor pellets or camphor balls using a mortar pestle. You will need several camphor balls depending upon the number of rooms you want to treat.
  5. Liberally sprinkle crushed camphor powder all around the bed, in the box springs, and around the furniture.
  6. It is best to keep pets and kids away from the rooms that are being treated.
  7. Avoid sleeping in the rooms. Inhaling camphor vapors is not toxic, but it can irritate the lungs and its strong scent can be annoying to some people.
  8. Vacuum the house the next day.
  9. You will have to repeat the treatment every week until all of the bed bugs are destroyed.

Placing camphor balls in the closet to repel bed bugs

This is a fantastic remedy to repel bed bugs from the closet and cabinet drawers.

  • Place camphor balls, tobacco leaves, whole cloves, and other strongly scented spices and herbs in a drawer next to your clothes.
  • The strong scent will repel all kinds of bugs.
  • You must ‘re-strengthen’ this camphor remedy every 3-4 months to keep it effective.

Using camphor in rugs and carpets

  • Mix together equal quantities of pulverized borax, crushed camphor balls, and saltpeter (or potassium nitrate). Sprinkle this mixture under rugs and carpets, beneath furniture, behind paintings and frames, in drawers and trunks, under the bedding and mattresses to repel all kinds of bugs.
  • Begin at the top of the house paying special attention to nooks and corners. Sprinkle a large quantity of this harmless powder inside cracks and crevices. End at the bottom of the house and soon you will be freed from the torment of bed bugs. The operation must be repeated every few weeks.

How to make non-toxic bed bug repellent using camphor

You can make your own bed bug repellent for the skin by using this safe and non-toxic recipe:

  • Warm-up 2-3 tsp of coconut oil in a hot water bath.
  • Add a pellet or two of camphor in the melted oil.
  • Allow the camphor balls or pellets to steep in the oil overnight.
  • Apply this fragrant coconut – camphor oil all over your legs, arms, and other exposed body parts to prevent bed bugs from biting you while sleeping.
  • This oil is safe and non-toxic as it contains very little camphor. However, you must not use this remedy on a baby’s skin. Adults may safely apply this natural bed bug repellent on the skin to prevent bed bug bites.


Camphor does repel bed bugs but this is not the only method of bed bug management to rely upon. You must use an integrated pest management program, especially when you are battling a large infestation. Camphor oil can be toxic if ingested and it does get absorbed through the skin. So avoid using the oil on the body. You may use crushed camphor around the bed and box springs but make sure your pets won’t lick this powder. Please go through other methods of getting rid of bed bugs given in this section.

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Mexican Healing Remedies

Herbs and spices are the centerpiece of folk remedies in many Mexican households. The flowers, leaves and seeds are believed to do everything from calming upset stomachs to relieving anxiety. The plants for these traditional cures are inexpensive and easy to grow in your own garden, according to Planeta.com, a website that covers practical ecotourism.


Mexicans use cinnamon to calm an upset stomach, says Mexicovacationtravels.com. Cinnamon, spearmint and ginger are often brewed into a strong tea to treat conditions such as heartburn and indigestion. Cinnamon is also used to control flatulence and nausea, according to Mexgrocer.com.


Cilantro is mostly known as an ingredient in Mexican cooking — what would salsa be without it? But it’s also made into a tea to treat a variety of ailments. Planeta.com says it’s used to alleviate stomach cramps, help inflamed gums and calm youngsters when they’re anxious.

Lemon Verbena

Mexicans boil lemon verbena leaves into a tea and drink it while fasting, according to Mexicanmercados.com. The brew is supposed to accomplish two very different things: get rid of worms and make women’s menstrual flow more regular.


Planeta.com says drinkers who overimbibe appreciate spearmint, which is brewed with nutmeg, cloves and cinnamon to help with hangovers. Spearmint also makes a soothing tea to alleviate stomachaches and headaches.


Epazote is an herb used in Mexican cooking, says Mexicovacationtravels.com. It doubles as a medicinal aid that helps digestion, reduces flatulence and relieves bronchial conditions.


Oregano oil is another cure-all in Mexican tradition. Mexgrocer says it’s used to help with everything from upset stomach and athlete’s foot to bronchitis and toothaches.


Plants inspire sticky trap for bed bugs

By Charles Q. Choi

April 10, 2013 / 4:33 PM / CBS News

There’s good news for those who fear things that bite in the night. Bed bugs could one day be captured using artificial surfaces that mimic bean leaves, researchers say.

Bed bugs are an ancient scourge of humanity that have made a startling comeback in recent years across the globe, infesting everything from homes and hotels to schools, movie theaters and hospitals. The nocturnal bloodsuckers cause burning, itching and swelling, and can hide nearly anywhere in the home, breed rapidly and hitchhike from place to place.Current methods of fighting the biting insects, such as using pesticides, freezing, heating and vacuuming, can be costly and unreliable.

Recently, though, researchers heard of a traditional Balkan remedy for bedbugs, a centuries-old technique used in Bulgaria, Serbia and other Eastern European countries. Bean leaves scattered on the floor next to beds seem to entrap the bugs as they scurry along the floor at night. The insect-encrusted leaves are then burned the next morning.

Trending News

«The resurgent bedbug populations show a worrisome resistance to insecticides, which makes a non-insecticide approach very attractive,» said researcher Catherine Loudon, an entomologist at the University of California, Irvine.

To uncover why this folk remedy worked, scientists used scanning electron microscopes and video cameras to analyze bedbugs walking on the leaves. Sharp, microscopic hooks called trichomes cover the surface of a bean leaf.

The trichomes are each only about 10 microns wide and up to 100 microns long. (In comparison, the average width of a human hair is 100 microns.) The researchers found that when bedbugs step on the leaves, the hooks impale the insects’ feet. After getting pierced by a trichome, the critters continue to struggle, but this often just further ensnares them.

«There is absolutely no evolutionary history between bean plants and bedbugs, so this entrapment effect on bedbugs specifically is purely coincidental,» Loudon told TechNewsDaily.

Bean leaves could theoretically be used to control bedbugs, but the vegetation dries out and so does not last very long. Moreover, the leaves cannot easily be used in places other than floors.

Instead, drawing on the bean leaves as inspiration, the investigators sought to fabricate artificial materials that mimic the way the vegetation stabs bedbugs.

«Plants exhibit extraordinary abilities to entrap insects,» Loudon said. «Modern scientific techniques let us fabricate materials at a microscopic level, with the potential to ‘not let the bedbugs bite’ without pesticides.»

The researchers poured silicone rubber onto actual bean leaves to create a mold of their surfaces and made copies from these molds using a variety of epoxy resins that have similar mechanical properties to the cell walls of plants. Since the natural hook tips sometimes broke off in the molds, some of the artificial hooks the researchers created were hybrids that possessed sharp natural tips from the real leaves.

So far, though, the manmade leaves, whether containing synthetic tips or natural ones – are not as effective at trapping bedbugs as are real bean leaves. This suggests there is more to learn about how trichomes affect bedbugs, scientists say.

The researchers speculate that real trichomes bend or twist more than the synthetic versions do. This flexibility may help the hooks skitter along a bug’s surface until their sharp points end up in a crevice or pit, leading to piercing.

«Nature is a hard act to follow, but the benefits could be enormous,» said study coauthor Michael Potter, an entomologist at the University of Kentucky. «Imagine if every bedbug inadvertently brought into a dwelling was captured before it had a chance to bite and multiply.»

The scientists detailed their findings online April 10 in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface.

Follow TechNewsDaily on Twitter @TechNewsDaily. We’re also on Facebook & Google+.

Copyright 2013 TechNewsDaily, a TechMediaNetwork company. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

First published on April 10, 2013 / 4:33 PM

© 2013 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved.


apigenin 98%

Product Name apigenin 98%
Other names Apigenine; biapigenin, Chamomile; Apigenol; Spigenin; Versulin; 4′,5,7-Trihydroxyflavone; C.I. Natural Yellow 1
Source Chamomile, Matricaria recutita, Asteraceae, parsley, celery, Matricaria chamomilla, Apium graveolens, purely Synthesis
CAS number 520-36-5
Molecular Formula C15H10O5
Molecular Weight 270.24
Specifications 98%, 1%
Appearance Little yellow powder
Dosage Upon on specification and sources
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What is apigenin?

Apigenin, according to Wikipedia, is yellow crystalline powder belonging to the flavone class that is the aglycone of several naturally occurring glycosides. Apigenin was isolated for the first time from chamomile extract in 1914. It also occurs in small concentrations in oranges, onions, celery, red wine and beer.


Although it is found in many fruits, vegetables and herbs, the amount of it varies. The richest natural sources are: Parsley, Celery, Other spices such as rosemary, oregano, thyme, basil and coriander, Chamomile, Cloves, Lemon Balm, Artichokes and Spinach, Peppermint, Red wine and Licorice.

Chamomile extract, parsley and celery (Apium graveolens) are the main botanical sources of bulk apigenin to be used in supplement formula. However, apigenin from the two plants are different as well. The apigenin content in chamomile is very low, about 1%, and low standardized extract of apigenin like 1.2%, 3% are proper from chamomile extract, while high potency of apigenin from celery extract or Apium graveolens is the best source. The apigenin 98% from chamomile is much more expensive than from Apium graveolens. However, the cheapest 98% apigenin source is from pure synthesis. All these specifications are available from Herb Nutritionals Co., Ltd.

Benefits of taking apigenin supplements

Like most flavonoids, apigenin has anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-spasmodic properties, and acts as an antioxidant. The most widespread research has been for its potential to fight cancer.

Researchers are investigating its potential to promote cellular health within various tissues. The most promising work is being done with regard to the prostate, but research shows benefit within other tissues as well. As the investigations continue, Apigenin’s potential as a powerful agent for human health just keeps adding up. We’re pleased to be among the first to bring you a pure, nature-identical Apigenin supplement.

Apigenin and Cancer Prevention

Apigenin may reduce the risk of prostate, breast, stomach and bladder cancer as well as leukemia.

Apigenin and stress and anxiety release

Chamomile tea has long been a folk remedy for dealing with stress and anxiety, and it turns out that the active ingredient in chamomile is apigenin. Several animal studies show that apigenin modulates GABA receptors in the brain. This is significant because GABA is the brain’s primary inhibitory neurotransmitter, which means that when it’s stimulated, you feel relaxed. In fact, most drug-based sleeping pills work by also interacting with GABA receptors in the brain. But apigenin has the notable advantage over drugs in that it provides relaxation effects minus sedation. It’s also a natural anti-depressant. The relaxation effects attributed to red wine and lemon balm may also be from their content of apigenin, although the alcohol content of red wine also plays a role in this effect.

Apigenin and Lower Blood Pressure

Celery is often recommended as a natural way to help lower elevated blood pressure. Celery is rich in apigenin, again thought to be the active ingredient for this effect, too.

Apigenin and anti-inflammatory effects

One way that it does this is by inhibiting an enzyme called COX-2 that converts arachidonic acid, a fatty acid, into eicosanoids that are the direct cause of some types of pain and inflammation. Most commerical analgesics, such as aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs work through the same mechanism,although apigenin doesn’t produce the side effects of these drugs, including ulcers, cardiovascular disease, and possible kidney failure with long-term, high dose, usage. Since cancer has an inflammatory component, it’s not surprising that apigenin has been shown in several studies, mostly involving animals, to prevent several types of cancer. These include cancers of the lungs, ovaries,prostate, thyroid, and pancreas. Apigenin also blocks the activity of the HER-2 gene, which promotes breast cancer in many women.

Apigenin and sports nutrition benefits

Apigenin is an inhibitor of CYP2C9 and CD38. CD38 is a NAD+ase which effectively reducesNAD+ levels in mitochondria. Inhibiting CD38 increases NAD+ that allows for increased sirtuin activation in the presence of a SIRT1 activator (results in the deacetylation and modulation of the activity of downstream SIRT1 targets). Thus, more energy is gained with the presence of apigenin. Therefore, if there are supplements containg NAD+ or NADH, apigenin is recommended.

Bodybuilders would find apigenin useful because it’s a natural aromatase inhibitor. Aromatase is the enzyme that converts androgens, including testosterone, into estrogen. But the most interesting aspect of apigenin in relation to testosterone is shown in an upcoming study. Testosterone levels drop in most men beginning at about age 40. While there are various theories as to the cause of this hormonal decline, one plausible theory relates the drop in testosterone to a decrease of a protein synthesized in the testes, and wherever else steroid hormones are made in the body, including the brain and adrenal glands. This protein is called the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein or StAR. What StAR does is transport cholesterol, which is the raw material from which all steroid hormones are produced from, including testosterone, estrogen, and cortisol, from the outer mitochondrial membrane in cells to the inner membrane, where production of the hormones begins.

Apigenin dosage

There are no so many supplement formulas using apigenin ingredient, and scientific dosing guidance is not available. However, according to Swanson Ultra apigenin, there are two sources of apigenin, one is from grapefruit, and the other is from Chamomile Flower Extract. The apigenin derived from grapefruit is recommended to take one capsule (50mg apigenin per serving) from the label while for Chamomile Flower Extract (standardized to 1% apigenin), the recommended dosage is about 500mg. If you want to know about the dosage for 98% apigenin, please kindly send email to us, and our chemists will reply with scientific guidance.


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