4 Supposed Mosquito Repellents That Absolutely Don — t Work, According to Science (and 5 That Do)

Fumigator against mosquitoes — a review of effective remedies

It’s officially summer and you know what that means: hiking, swimming, backyard barbecues. and mosquitoes. Everyone is bothered by them, but some people think they’ve found the perfect antidote to unpleasant and potentially disease-laden mosquito bites. Do these magic cures hold up under scientific testing? In many cases the answer is: Absolutely not.

Believe it or not, mosquitoes are the deadliest creatures to humans on our planet, with more than 1 million deaths a year attributed to the diseases they carry, which include malaria, dengue fever, West Nile virus, Zika, and yellow fever. With climate change causing warmer winters in many places, and thus fewer of the hard frosts that cut down mosquito populations, mosquitoes will only become more numerous in the coming years. White nose syndrome, a fungus that has killed millions of bats in the United States, is worsening the problem, since bats are voracious mosquito eaters.

These are all very good reasons why you need to know the difference between myth and reality when it comes to mosquito control. Here are some mosquito cures people swear by, but science shows do no good whatsoever:

1. Sonic devices or smartphone apps.

Wouldn’t it be great if you could download an app onto your smartphone that would keep mosquitoes away? It would be, and there are plenty of apps you can download, but don’t expect them to work. These apps (one of which actually claims to be a prank you can use on your friends) are a new version of the small, inexpensive devices that supposedly repelled mosquitoes by emitting the same sound as a flying dragonfly. Dragonflies are mosquito predators and so, theoretically, the sound of one approaching would cause mosquitoes to flee. In other cases, the sound is supposed to imitate a male mosquito’s mating call. You might not think this would work as a repellent, but consider that only female mosquitoes bite, and only when they have fertilized eggs to lay. Again, according to the theory, female mosquitoes with fertilized eggs don’t want male mosquitoes around them and so will leave the area when they hear one.

The only problem with all this is that when tested, it doesn’t work. Perhaps the sounds really do provide a good imitation of dragonflies or male mosquitoes but there’s no evidence to show that female mosquitoes with fertilized eggs will leave an area where there are mating males. And if you’ve ever sat by the edge of a pond swatting at mosquitoes while watching dragonflies zip around, you know that mosquitoes don’t leave just because a dragonfly is nearby.

2. Avon Skin So Soft

You’ve probably heard that this Avon beauty product through some magical accident of formula also works as a dependable mosquito repellent. It doesn’t, or at least not a very good one. In a 2002 study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, some exceptionally masochistic test subjects agreed to stick their arms into a cage full of mosquitoes to see how long various repellents would keep them away. Skin So Soft only worked for 10 minutes. A soybean oil-based product called Bite Blocker worked for 94 minutes, so you’re better off with that.

There’s also another Avon alternative. Although Skin So Soft was never intended to be a bug repellent, Avon listened to its customers, as every smart company should, and created a mosquito-repelling version. It’s called Avon Skin So Soft Bug Guard Plus IR3535, and it’s the only product containing IR3535 you can buy in the United States. However, in the NEJM mosquito study, that product only kept mosquitoes away for 23 minutes. So, at least according to that test, you’re still better off with Bite Blocker.

3. Citronella candles

People have been using citronella candles to try to keep mosquitoes away from outdoor gatherings for more than 100 years. Do they work? Not particularly, according to the NEJM study. They may draw mosquitoes toward the candle and away from the party but, according to one study noted by WebMD, only because candles emit heat, carbon dioxide, and moisture, all of which attract mosquitoes. Regular candles also emit those things and so should work just as well.

4. Wristbands

Wristbands of any description, whether they emit a sonic tone or carry insect repellent, will—at best—protect your wrist only. The rest of you is still exposed.

So, what does work? The answers are much more boring than smartphone apps or exotic body lotions. Here they are:


The NEJM study concluded that DEET, the active ingredient in most commercial insect repellents, was the most effective mosquito repellent. It’s also an effective repellent against ticks, which can carry some pretty serious diseases themselves.

But wait—isn’t DEET dangerous? Well. it’s unclear. The Environmental Protection Agency and the Center for Disease Control both recommend DEET and say that when used according to directions (in particular, don’t put it under your clothes and don’t let it get in your eyes) there are no ill effects. On the other hand, exposure to high amounts of the stuff has been shown to kill brain cells in rats. The government says that acceptably low exposure won’t harm you. But no one has ever done a study to determine whether acceptably low levels of the many different toxins all of us are exposed to in daily life can harm us in combination with each other and until someone does, I’m leery of acceptable levels.

That said, there’s no question that things like Zika and West Nile virus can make you very sick or kill you, and some argue that DEET’s effectiveness against mosquitoes makes it a safer bet than risking getting bitten. Your call.

2. Lemon eucalyptus oil

This is the only botanical mosquito repellent recommended by the CDC, and they recommend the oil as formulated in insect repellents such as Repel Lemon Eucalyptus or Off! Botanicals. Pure essential oil made from lemon eucalyptus leaves hasn’t been tested so its effectiveness is unknown.

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3. Picaridin

Picaridin has only recently become available in the U.S. and the CDC considers it among the most effective repellents, along with DEET. But is it safe? Testing so far has not turned up the same side effects that DEET has, such as neuro-toxicity. Nay-sayers note that it hasn’t been tested as thoroughly as DEET, at least in this country, which may be true. It’s still likely the better bet between the two. You can find it in Cutter Advanced, and Avon makes a Skin So Soft Bug Guard Plus Picaridin as well.

4. Mosquito traps

Various brands of mosquito traps use a combination of CO² and mosquito bait to attract and then trap mosquitoes. People who use them in mosquito-infested areas find they fill up with dead mosquitoes quickly. No one has done any tests to confirm that this leads to fewer mosquito bites, although logic suggests that it should. However, these devices tend to be pricey, and they won’t eliminate all mosquitoes.

5. Getting rid of standing water

One of the best ways to reduce mosquito infestations is to make sure they have nowhere to lay their eggs. That means eliminating standing water around your home as much as possible—keeping in mind that a thimbleful or less is all they need. Once you empty out an outdoor basin or other container full of standing water, scrub out the inside as well, because mosquito eggs can stick to the sides of the container.


Remedy for mosquitoes for babies. Reviews on mosquito remedies for children under one year

With the advent of heat, the question arises as to how to protect yourselffrom mosquito bites. Adults use all means and methods to protect children from these annoying insects. Let’s consider the question of why they bite people and what are the means for mosquitoes for babies, and also try to choose an effective method of combating them.

Why they bite

Mosquitoes are insects that need bloodto reproduce the offspring. And it is needed only for females, males eat nectar flowers. The more a woman will drink blood, the more eggs she can put off. Fortunately, they need not only human blood, the animal also will be perfect. One bite in its short life the female does not get rid of, therefore constantly it is necessary to think of protection against such attacks.

Harm to mosquitoes

A mosquito bite is not a pleasant thing. It is the substance that injects the insect so that blood does not fold, causes a person first pain, and then an allergic reaction and severe itching are possible. Very sensitive to such bites babies, so you need to protect them by using a remedy for mosquitoes for children.

And what can lead to a mosquito bite of an infant? On the delicate skin of a baby, especially prone to allergic dermatitis, skin diseases can become more acute. Very rare, but possible:

  • Attacks of suffocation, if a bite in the face.
  • Vomiting and diarrhea.
  • The onset of serum sickness.

These are rare manifestations, but require immediate doctor intervention. They talk about a possible infection of the baby with an infection.

And also mosquitoes are the bearer of such diseases:

  • Malaria.
  • Encephalitis.
  • Viral infections.
  • Yellow fever.

Mosquitoes can become carriers of various parasites. Therefore, it is necessary to use an effective and safe remedy for mosquitoes for babies for protection.

In young children, a bite is:

  • Allergic reaction.
  • Itching.
  • Combing the wound is the possibility of infection.
  • Bad dream.
  • Possibility to contract a dangerous disease.

What do mosquitoes react to and who attracts them most?

Who will become the target?

Studies have shown that mosquitoes in their taste preferences, just like humans, can be selective. They often prefer:

  • People with 1 blood group get bites more than with group 2 and 3.
  • The more a person emits carbon dioxide, the more tasty it is for mosquitoes.
  • Pregnant women suffer from bites more often than others.
  • Sweat attracts insects.
  • The presence of alcohol in the blood.
  • Delicious smells.
  • Mosquitoes bite the most problematic areas, for example, in varicose veins — legs.
  • If you spank yourself, driving away mosquitoes, the skin warms up, and the heat draws them even more.
  • It is proved that a certain color of clothes attracts mosquitoes, these are bright and dark colors.
  • Children get it because of their thin and delicate skin, radiated heat, so you need to use a mosquito remedy for children.

Types of protective equipment

Of course, mankind came up with a lot of means of protection against mosquitoes. Depending on where they are used, they are divided into groups:

  1. Individual. Those that are applied directly to the skin.
  2. Home. Protect from mosquitoes a certain territory, for example, a bedroom.
  3. Street. Protect from mosquitoes on the street.

Another means of protection can be divided into:

  • Insecticides are those that destroy insects. As a rule, they are used indoors.
  • Repellents — repel mosquitoes. Use in the open air.

What are the safest means for protecting children from mosquitoes?

Protect children from mosquitoes

With the protection of our kids from annoying insects, all means are good. And there are a lot of them:

  • Mosquito nets. Their production is handled by various manufacturers.
  • Repellents. Produced in various forms.
  • Ultrasonic repeller.
  • Fumigator. A plate or special liquid is inserted into it. For example, Mosquitol, Fumitox, Raptor.
  • Patch. Well proven «Magikoplast.»
  • Folk remedies.

What remedy for mosquitoes for children up to a year is the most optimal?

Protection of children from mosquitoes: reviews of moms

The simplest way to protect against mosquitoes, as mentioned above, is a mosquito net. It can be used not only to protect children from insects. It is perfect for the whole family.

Modern mosquito nets are made ofhigh-quality materials, they are thin and with small cells, so they perfectly pass the air and at the same time do not allow insects to penetrate inside. There are different sizes, the prices are quite acceptable. If the child is very active and does not lie in the crib, it is necessary to use other methods of protection. Mosquito nets are the most necessary and safe means for mosquitoes for babies, but they can not fully protect.

Repellents should choose very carefully,must take into account the age of the child. They are issued in view of the age category, therefore, for the smallest, the toxicity is minimized. One of the biggest problems is to choose the correct type of repellent. They come in the form:

  • Cream. For very small suits «Moskidosis».
  • Gel. Line «Mosquitol» produces for babies gel «Protection for Toddlers.»
  • Spray. For example, «moskidoz anti-mosquito» for children, «Our mother», «My sun».
  • Milk. The most popular is «Floresan».
  • Pencil. This form for babies is also used often, for example, «Gardex».
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It is very convenient to use a pencil, since theysecurely packed, they are convenient to carry. Well-proven pencil against mosquitoes of the famous company Chicco. On the skin of the child, such a device is applied pointwise to open areas.

Creams and gels apply a thin layer, not rubbing. They create a protective film, do not stick and do not penetrate into the upper layers of the skin. It should be noted that you can not apply on the hands and face, as the child often pulls them in the mouth or the remedy gets into the eyes. Moms speak well about the cream «Moskidoz» and creams of the French company Babycoccole.

Repellents in the form of lotions and emulsions, as a remedy for mosquitoes for babies, are less secure. With great care they process clothes, it is better in the absence of a child. Such repellents contain more chemicals than are found in creams, and mosquito protection lasts longer (up to 6 hours). You can process the clothes of one who is next to the baby. A reliable and trusted firm — «Johnson Baby», moms trust her to protect her crumbs from mosquitoes.

Sprays also have a different reputation: if «Our Mother», «My Sun» are in demand and have positive reviews, then most mothers do not favor Gardex because of low efficiency.

Ultrasonic mosquito repellent — excellentchoice. They drive away insects with ultrasound, which is not audible to humans. Such a remedy is absolutely safe. It does not emit any fumes that can cause an allergic reaction. In addition, scarers release in the form of key rings, night lamps, they are convenient to use. This is a very original and safe remedy for mosquitoes for babies, photo clearly demonstrates one of these options.

Fumigator is the most popular means of protection. It also does not require contact with the skin, but works on the principle of evaporation of the substance, which leads to the death of mosquitoes. There is an opportunity to buy a liquid, which is designed for 30-60 nights. Excellent reviews about fumigators «Nekusaika.»

Fumigator, as a remedy for mosquitoes for babies, should be used with extreme caution.

  • It can not be left overnight.
  • Include should be 2 hours before bedtime, with the baby in the room should not be.
  • If the child after switching on the fumigator starts coughing, sneezing, then it is necessary to immediately ventilate the room and stop using the device, or rather, the selected liquid or plates.
  • Buy a plate or liquid specifically for children, they are usually odorless and do not contain chemical compounds.

There are plasters that can also be glued on the baby’s clothes or stroller. They are produced by manufacturers of children’s products, for example, such as Wakodo, and they do not contain insecticides.

Deficiencies of remedies

If you listen to parents, what is the best remedy for mosquitoes for children you can hear the most diverse responses.

Many people respond well about mosquito nets — this is an excellent option, but if there are many mosquitoes, it will not give a 100% guarantee.

Repellents can cause an allergic reaction, however, like a liquid or tablets for a fumigator. The plaster is not always securely fastened, it is easy to forget, it is simply short-lived.

The effectiveness of ultrasonic devices, as shown by the survey, depends on the manufacturer.

Therefore, there are very simple tips.

  1. Use repellents after carrying out a test for tolerability of the selected substance by the child.
  2. Be careful when buying a fumigator and the tools used with it.
  3. The adhesive can not be glued in the visibility of the child to avoid it falling into the mouth.
  4. Ultrasonic scarers should be purchased from reliable and well-proven firms.

Following these tips, you can be sure that buying a mosquito remedy for children, reviews will be only good. Do not forget that you buy them to protect your baby.

Folk recipes

What folk recipes can be used as a remedy for mosquito bites for babies?

Essential oils of such plants as:

They can be applied to baby clothes or addedin a baby cream or milk, and then lubricate the baby’s skin. You can also put on a mosquito net, which is covered with a crib. It is allowed to use the aroma lamp with these oils. But it is necessary to follow the need for the reaction of the child in order to rule out allergy manifestations.

There is an excellent remedy for mosquitoes for babieswith vanillin. Vanillin is added to the water and sprinkled from the atomizer in the room or on the baby’s clothes. It can also be added to sunflower oil or cream and spread on open areas of the body. Of course, the main condition is the lack of allergy to vanillin in a child.

Has bitten a mosquito — what to do?

Any remedy for mosquitoes for children under one year does not give a full guarantee that the mosquito will not bite. What should be done, if it still bites this annoying insect.

  • It is necessary to remove irritation, this will help «Fenistil.»
  • Of folk remedies will help: salted solution, kefir, leaves of plantain, bird cherry, mint, concentrated soda solution, pale pink solution of potassium permanganate, tea tree oil.

Choosing an effective remedy for mosquitoes for babies, you can not doubt that you and your child will feel confident in the warm evenings. These insects will not be able to disturb your baby’s sleep or darken the joy of walking.


Review of the most effective! Flea remedies in the house: raptor, raid, and others

Domestic fleas — a serious problem!

Small annoying pests bite painfully and breed very fast.

But, to bring these «neighbors» have to work hard.

Not every insecticide is suitable for the destruction of bloodsuckers!

Types of anti-flea insecticides

Fleas are monophages that feed exclusively on blood, so there is no point in using bait.

The following forms of insecticides are used against these «vampirchikov»:

  • dusty. They are scattered to destroy the larvae and nymphs that feed on organic garbage;
  • sprays and sprays. Insects enter the body through the respiratory tract, acting quickly and efficiently;
  • suspensions and powders. These funds penetrate through the outer covers of fleas and poison it from the inside. They act much longer than sprays, therefore they are able to completely eliminate the attack.
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Organophosphorus compounds and substances from the pyrethroid group act on fleas. They disrupt the entire nervous system by blocking impulses in various ways.

Effective flea remedies

Aerosol Raptor

From fleas will help spray, destroying a whole complex of crawling pests. The list includes not only these bloodsuckers, but also cockroaches, midges, ants, bed bugs and pincers.

The preparation contains as many as 3 active ingredients: pyrethroids tetramethrin and cypermethrinas well as their synergist piperonyl butoxide. As a result, fleas receive an enhanced double blow, which they have very few chances to resist. Inhaling the remedy, bloodsuckers get paralysis and then die.

Insecticide available in metal bottles of 350 ml. This is enough to cover 35-45 square meters of contaminated area.

Insecticide is a little toxic for people and pets. The substances in its composition in the body of warm-blooded animals quickly split into its constituent elements and do not cause any harm. If it comes into contact with mucous membranes, aerosol can cause irritation, therefore, when using it, safety precautions should be followed.

The average price of an aerosol is quite acceptable — one bottle costs about 150-170 rubles.

Aerosol Reid

Another reliable insecticide that is guaranteed to help get rid of unpleasant roommates in the house. Acts against a large pest complex — both flying and crawling.

As an active ingredient contains pyrethroid cypermethrin. This substance is a universal poison that kills most insects. For humans and other warm-blooded animals. the drug is almost safe.

Insecticide is not destroyed by ultraviolet radiation and high temperatures. It is able to persist for long on treated surfaces, continuing to destroy pests.

Aerosol has a pleasant aroma., you can choose a product with the smell of spring freshness, orange or lavender. Available in 300 ml metal cans.

The main disadvantage: the drug leaves whitish marks on furniture and floorswhich need to be washed off with a water mixture of soap and soda.

Average the price in Russia is 170-190 rubles per bottle. At the same time the tool is very economical: one bottle is enough for spraying a standard two-room apartment.

Kombat aerosol

Spray has a very wide range of effects, destroying all crawling household pests. The composition of the drug includes 2 active ingredients at once: pyrethroids cyphenothrin and imiprotrin. They act on the nervous system of fleas, causing their rapid death.

Aerosol is available in a metal can with a capacity of 400 ml. It is equipped with a long flexible nozzle that allows you to spray insecticide even in very hard-to-reach places. To process a two-room apartment, it is enough to acquire one can of Kombat.

Allergic reactions may develop in people and animals after the application of the product, therefore the insecticide is sprayed only if the precautions are taken.

The average price of Combat Superspray varies from 210 to 240 rubles in different regions.


Concentrated emulsion in the form of a clear liquid. Used to destroy the majority of domestic parasites: a flea, bed bugs, ants, mosquitoes, cockroaches, flies.

The tool is designed and manufactured in the Netherlands. It contains chlorpyrifos as an active ingredient, as well as perfumes and emulsifiers. The concentration of the active substance is as much as 48%that allows you to get a large number of working solution.

Released in plastic bottles with a capacity of 1 liter. To destroy fleas working solution is prepared at the rate of 4.7-5 g per liter of cool water. The volume of the insecticide in the tank is enough to completely fill with several apartments.

For warm-blooded house dwellers, the insecticide is little toxic. is he included in the 3 class of danger.

The cost of the drug is quite high, it varies in the range of 2.4-2.7 thousand rubles.

One of the newest and most effective drugs.destroying any household pests. Contains all the same chlorpyrifos, but in the form of a microencapsulated suspension.
The active substance is enclosed in a polymer shell, located in a lipid-aqueous medium. Thereby the tool is very resistant to any adverse factors and can work for several weeks in a row.

The concentration of the active substance is 25%. For the manufacture of working fluid you need to mix 100 ml of the product and 1.5 liters of cool water. The solution does not stain furniture and does not leave stains on fabrics.

Into the body of a flea gets in the contact way, quickly penetrating the outer covers of the body. In addition, it sticks to insect limbs and is transferred to them in nests, infecting other inhabitants.

IMPORTANT! Get is used by professional services to handle infected premises.

Released in small plastic bottles with a screw cap. Not exhaled and can be stored for a long time after opening. Capacity of one bottle — 100 ml.

If you buy a quality product from the manufacturer, you will have to spend money! After all, an insecticide is quite expensive — from 700 rubles per bottle. True, usually a one-time purchase is enough to destroy the entire population of domestic fleas. A bottle of suspension is enough to spray 120-150 square meters.

Pyrethrum powder

One of the safest means for a person and his pets. Pyrethrum is a plant extract of Dalmatian chamomile.. Possessing exceptional toxicity for insects, it absolutely harmless to animals and humans. Even if a child or a puppy tastes like a powder, he will not recover.

Powder can be used in one of two ways:

  • dissolve the insecticide in cool water, pour it into a spray bottle and spray fleas in its habitat;
  • use a dry powder, scattering it in a thin layer.

You can buy insecticide in a pharmacy or online store. Its cost is low and quite accessible to all. The average price is 60-80 rubles per box of 300 g.


Professional product in the form of an emulsion concentrate. You can only purchase from the special services. The tool is very effective, from the first time eliminates all harmful insects living in the apartment.

The main substance is deltamethrin from the group of pyrethroids, it is enhanced by synergists.

The composition also includes adhesives, with which insecticide firmly adheres to the legs and torso of a flea.

So he not only penetrates the body, but also enters the nest, destroying other parasites.

Available in liter plastic canisters. The cost of insecticide is about 2 thousand rubles.

With the help of modern effective drugs, the fight against fleas ends with a complete unconditional victory for the legitimate inhabitants of the house. Have a good hunting!


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