4 Common Flea Diseases in Cats

4 Common Flea Diseases in Cats

Contents

Fleas do more than just bite your cat – they can transmit diseases, cause health issues and irritate skin. Keep reading to learn more about the associated risks of flea bites.

Even if your cat spends most of their time indoors, fleas and flea eggs can still make their way into your cat’s everyday environment. Fleas can hide behind baseboards, in your pet’s bedding or blankets, in the cracks in your flooring, in carpeting and other places throughout your home and backyard.

It’s no small wonder, then, that flea infestations are common in cats. And while a flea infestation is a big problem on its own, diseases caused by fleas in cats can also introduce your pet to a host of issues that can threaten their health and happiness. Here are the four most common flea diseases in cats.

1. Bartonella

Fleas on your cat can pass along a bacterial infection called bartonellosis, also known as Bartonella. Cats most commonly contract this disease through close skin contact with infected flea feces.

Infected fleas can shed the bacteria in their feces and drop their waste right on your cat. It’s this close contact between flea droppings and your cat’s skin that creates the opportunity for infection.

While cats usually don’t show direct clinical signs from this infection, a wide variety of medical conditions have been linked with Bartonella infections, including mouth and gum disease, eye inflammation and heart disease. A main concern with infection is that cats can carry the bacteria in their systems for long periods of time, potentially passing it to other feeding fleas and, in turn, other cats.

2. Flea Allergy Dermatitis (FAD) in Cats

Cats can be hypersensitive to fleas’ saliva when they bite, causing a condition called flea allergy dermatitis, one of the most common causes of itchiness in cats.

When fleas bite, substances in their saliva can enter your cat’s skin and trigger an immune response. This can cause intense skin irritation that extends well beyond the bite locations, resulting in hair loss around the tail, belly and inner thighs, as well as skin infections that can make the problem even worse.

If your cat is experiencing FAD, you may see or even feel small scab-like bumps on their skin. These miserable symptoms will continue until the fleas are controlled.

3. Anemia in Cats

If a large number of fleas bite your cat and feed, your cat can develop anemia. This is a serious medical condition, especially in kittens, that must be promptly addressed through veterinary care. Symptoms of anemia in cats include weakness, lethargy, rapid breathing and potentially death if the fleas are not killed. With severe flea infestations, the home and surrounding outdoor areas should be treated for fleas along with your cat.

4. Tapeworms in Cats

Tapeworms are parasitic worms passed to cats from fleas, often during grooming sessions. If there are fleas in your cat’s fur, your cat may swallow these fleas while grooming themselves.

If your cat swallows a flea infected with tapeworms, your cat can also become infected. Tapeworms attach to your cat’s intestines with their sucker-like mouthparts, where they then grow and steal nutrients from your cat.

You may see pieces of the worms stuck around your cat’s backside. These pieces, which look like white grains of rice, are actually packets of tapeworm eggs that might appear to move on closer inspection. Once the outer casing of these packets dries out, eggs are released into the environment where a developing flea can swallow them and the cycle can be repeated.

Tapeworms rarely cause health issues in cats; however, they can sometimes lead to abdominal pain and diarrhea, as well as itchiness around the anus.

How to Help Prevent Fleas on Cats

Because fleas can be found almost anywhere and have the ability to stay active year-round – especially if they’re in a warm home – it’s difficult to avoid them completely.

To help prevent fleas, use an effective flea prevention product for cats throughout the year. Consider keeping all pets in your household on a monthly flea control program using a product that kills fleas through contact, so fleas do not have to bite your cat to die.

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Cancer in Cats: Types, Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment

WebMD veterinary expert answers commonly asked questions about cancer in cats.

Although cancer isn’t as common in cats as it is in dogs, it still affects a number of our feline friends. And because cats have a tendency to mask illnesses, it can be harder to detect. This often leads to later diagnoses and more difficult and costly treatments. So we talked to Dave Ruslander, a veterinary oncologist and past president of the Veterinary Cancer Society, about feline cancers and the latest treatments for cats diagnosed with the disease.

Q: How common is cancer in cats? What are some of the more common cancers found in cats?

A: Cancer in cats is less common than cancer in dogs. It’s probably half the rate that we see in dogs. But when we see cancer in cats, it tends to be a more aggressive form.

One of the most common cancers we see in cats is lymphoma, which is associated with the feline leukemia virus (FeLV). Even though there’s a vaccine for feline leukemia now, we still see a number of cats that have been exposed to it, and exposure greatly increases a cat’s chance of developing feline lymphoma.

We also see oral squamous carcinoma, similar to what people get. We see a tumor called fibrosarcoma, or soft tissue sarcoma, which is a tumor developing in muscle or in the connective tissue of the body. That’s the one associated with injections and vaccinations, which some people call injection-site sarcoma.

We see other kinds of tumors as well, but they are much less common — lung tumors, brain tumors, nasal tumors, liver tumors. We don’t see as many mammary tumors these days because so many people have their cats spayed now. So all of those are just a smattering here and there.

Q: What are some of the symptoms of feline cancers?

A: Cats are tricky because they hide disease well. Externally we can see lumps and bumps. Vomiting and diarrhea are common signs of gastrointestinal lymphoma. Difficulty in breathing can be a sign, because some cancers can cause fluid in the lungs.

Continued

Sometimes it’s just a refusal to eat and weight loss, a rough coat, or just generally what we call a failure to thrive. It’s always best, if your cat is acting ill or lethargic for any period of time, to take it to your veterinarian to be checked out.

Q: Is it difficult to diagnose the type of cancer a cat has contracted?

A: With a biopsy the pathologist can usually tell us the type of cancer. But sometimes it’s not so clear. And sometimes people are reluctant to go forward without a firm prognosis. Often we can’t go forward until we know what the actual subtype is. It can take some special testing or some special stains for us to delineate the type of cancer, and sometimes people just aren’t willing to do that.

Q: What’s causing the high cancer rates in our cats?

A: We really don’t know what causes most cancers. There are a few, like the feline leukemia virus, which is the big player in cancer etiology in cats. But I don’t know that we have the answer for what causes most cancers in cats.

We do know people are keeping cats longer. Cats are living longer, so of course we see more cancer in cats just because we see more cats. But even in older cats, cancer is more sporadic than it is in dogs.

Q: Can household chemicals or other common items, like bug sprays, cause cancer in cats because they walk through the residues and then lick their feet?

A: There may be environmental causes. There have been some studies looking at secondhand smoke. There have been issues of cats grooming themselves developing oral cancers. But they really don’t know if it’s because they’re taking some toxins from the environment into their body that way or not. There are still a lot of questions about environmental issues.

Q: Are some cat breeds more prone to cancers than others?

A: No, we don’t really recognize breeds of cats being at increased risk of cancers like in dogs. However, white varieties of certain cat breeds are more prone to squamous cell carcinoma, usually on their ears and face.)

Continued

Q: If my cat has cancer, does that mean she’s going to die?

A: No, but many of the cancers we see in cats are more aggressive than those we see in dogs. So early detection and treatment are very important.

Q: What are the treatments for cats with cancer?

A: We have surgery, which is the most common treatment for any kind of lump or bump that needs to be removed. Chemotherapy is used most commonly in the management of lymphomas. But it’s also used when we have aggressive tumors that have spread to lymph nodes or other organs.

We use radiation therapy in situations where we can’t remove the tumors, for example brain tumors and nasal tumors.

Q: Are we seeing advancements in the treatment of feline cancers?

A: Yes, but because historically people tended to do less for cats than they did for dogs, the advancements have been slower. But we’ve had advancements with radiation therapy, new and novel chemotherapy approaches, and new surgical approaches as well.

But we haven’t seen as many drug advances for cats as we’ve seen for dogs. A lot more of the research dollars go to dog cancers than go to cat cancers.

Q: How much does it cost to treat a cat with cancer?

A: Probably $500 to $1,000 to do the initial diagnostic testing. Then it costs anywhere from $800 to $2,000 for surgical approaches. Chemotherapy is $2,000 to $3,000, and then radiation can be $5,000 or $6,000. (Note: These are costs for treatment at a specialist. Prices at a general veterinary practice may be much less. Costs may also vary a lot depending on where you live.)

Q: If treated, what’s the cure rate for cats with cancer?

A: That’s hard to say because there are so many different types of cancers and so many variables. But I would say overall the survival rate for cats, if we’re including every type of malignancy, is probably less than 50%. But it all depends on the tumor type, when it is found, and how it is treated.

Continued

I would recommend, whenever an animal is diagnosed with cancer, that the owner consult with a veterinary oncologist. Things are changing so fast, not just in terms of treatments but also clinical trials or novel treatments, that there may be treatments available that most veterinarians aren’t aware of. You may think there’s nothing that can be done, but things are changing all the time.

Q: What can I do to prevent my cat from getting cancer?

A: Spaying your cat will drastically reduce her chance of getting mammary cancer. Preventing the development of feline leukemia, either through vaccinations or making sure when you get a cat that the cat hasn’t been exposed to feline leukemia, will decrease the likelihood of developing lymphoma.

But it’s so hard to say how to prevent something when you don’t know what causes it most of the time. So early evaluation and detection is probably the better approach in terms of improving outcome.

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Brain Parasites in Cats

Most Common Symptoms

Brain Parasites Average Cost

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What are Brain Parasites?

The term “brain parasite” is used to describe any of a number of different parasitic creatures that can affect the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. Cats are susceptible to several different types of parasites that can potentially make their way into the brain and related tissues. Symptoms can range from non-existent to severe and may be fatal in some cases. Parasites in the brain often cause encephalitis or brain inflammation, which causes the majority of symptoms. Cats suffering from a brain parasite may experience behavior changes and issues with muscle control. Parasites are more likely in cats that are allowed outdoors, eat food they catch or raw meat, have immune disorders, or live in cramped conditions with other animals.

Symptoms of Brain Parasites in Cats

Symptoms of brain parasites can vary, and some cats with parasite activity in the brain and related tissues will never present any symptoms. Most symptoms relate to activity controlled by the central nervous system including muscle control, behavior, and occasionally hearing or vision issues. The cat may also exhibit signs related to parasite infestation in other parts of the body. Parasites in the lungs, gastrointestinal system and urinary tract may have localized as well as neurological symptoms.

  • Unsteady gait (ataxia)
  • Loss of muscle control
  • General weakness
  • Listlessness
  • Circling
  • Unusual head or neck position
  • Fearlessness
  • Unexplained aggression
  • Lack of appetite
  • Inability to eat or drink
  • Emaciation
  • Deafness
  • Blindness
  • Inflammation of the brain
  • Seizures
  • Paralysis
  • Breathing trouble
  • Death

Types

Various types of parasites can make their way into the brain and related tissues. Parasites that can be found in the central nervous system include:

  • Flukes – two types of these parasitic creatures can make their home in the brain. Schistosomes, or blood flukes, and Paragonimus, or lung flukes, have both been found in the central nervous system.
  • Roundworms – this common type of parasite affects various regions of the body, including the brain and spinal column. Varieties that can infest the brain include, Baylisascaris procyonis which can cause brain and eye damage, Dirofilaria immitis or heartworm, and Gurlita paralysans, which causes paralysis.
  • Myiasis – these are infestations related to insect larvae, and include Cuterebra or botfly larvae, which pets are susceptible to in the summer months in regions where the botfly is found.
  • Toxoplasma gondii – this single-celled parasite can also infest brain tissues, causing issues. It is commonly present throughout the world and can be passed from cat to human and vice versa.

Causes of Brain Parasites in Cats

Brain parasites enter your cat’s system much the same way as any parasite. The most common cause is ingestion, usually through a food source like raw meat or wildlife. Risk factors include spending time outdoors, living in cramped quarters with other animals, and unmonitored eating habits. Once inside your pet, the parasite takes full advantage of its host, growing to maturity and laying its own eggs, which further the infestation. When the adult parasites, larvae, or eggs find their way through the bloodstream or nasal passages into the central nervous system, they can cause damage to the brain and other related systems. In some cases, the eggs form cysts that put pressure on brain, eye, and ear structures causing symptoms.

Diagnosis of Brain Parasites in Cats

A veterinarian can diagnose brain parasites by confirming the presence of the parasite, its larvae, or its eggs in your pet’s system if clinical signs point to the condition. Other diseases and disorders can cause similar symptoms, so your veterinarian may need to conduct several tests to rule out other potential issues. Be prepared to discuss your cat’s history, eating habits, and all symptoms you have observed. A physical examination will be followed up with a blood, urine, and fecal analysis. In many cases, spinal fluid will also be obtained and analyzed. Your veterinarian may use additional methods to check for parasites, including imaging technology and contrast dyes.

Treatment of Brain Parasites in Cats

The treatment plan for your pet will vary based on the type of parasite and severity of the symptoms. Many pets will not require any treatment, as some brain parasites have short life cycles and will not continue to cause harm to your cat. If treatment is required, your veterinarian may choose one or more of the following treatment methods:

  • Antiparasitics – This family of drugs may be used to kill off the adult parasites and prevent further damage. There are several versions available that can treat worms and related parasites. Your cat may receive oral or injectable versions.
  • Analgesics – A type of painkiller, this may be prescribed to your pet if they are experiencing severe pain related to their condition. Your veterinarian will select the safest dose based on your cat’s size and pain level.
  • Intravenous (IV) Fluids – Lack of appetite and loss of muscle control can make it difficult for your pet to take in food and water. If your cat is experiencing these symptoms or is being hospitalized, IV fluids will likely be provided.
  • Oxygen Therapy – In the case of respiratory trouble, oxygen may be given to your cat using tubes, masks, or oxygen cages. This will help support your pet’s breathing and blood oxygen levels.

Recovery of Brain Parasites in Cats

Many cats with a brain parasite will make a full recovery. Continue to follow the directions of your veterinarian, providing the full course of prescribed medications and returning for follow-up visits as needed. Seek assistance immediately if symptoms appear to worsen or don’t get better after several days. It is also a good idea to thoroughly clean your cat’s living area, including all food and water dishes and their litter box. Scoop the litter box daily and wash your hands.

In severe cases, your pet may lose some of its abilities. Vision or hearing loss caused by the brain parasite may be permanent. Even if your cat experiences loss of vision or hearing, they can still lead a full life. Provide your pet additional support and time as they adjust to their new ability level and learn to compensate with their other senses.

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Topical tips on how to treat a cat tick in a cat

Otodectesis is a skin disease common among street and domestic animals that affects the auricles. I am glad that the ear mite in cats is almost always easy to detect and cure. If your pet contacts other animals or walks outside, there is a risk of infection.

Ignoring the disease leads to a deterioration of the general condition, which can be unpleasant for the animal complications. In addition, many owners are concerned about whether the ear tick in cats is dangerous for humans and other animals, what is the probability of infection and how to protect the family from possible illness.

Ear tick, features of parasitism

Otodectes cynotis — the name of the cunning parasite, which, unlike close relatives, lives only in a warm and protected from external influences middle — ear folds and causes otodektoz. The size of an adult female reaches 500 micrometers (10 mm to a minus of a third degree), so if you care about what an ear mite looks like in cats, all you need to know is that it is white, the rest is simply not considered. The parasite «will give out» itself, the symptoms and effects of life. Without breaking away from the skin, the adult female lays five eggs a day, which, having hatched, turn into young individuals, nymphs, and after molting they become sexually mature. The growth process takes 3 weeks.

It is important to know! Ear mites do not bite easily, they penetrate the wearer’s skin with their paws and proboscis. They feed on lymph, skin and intercellular tissue, produce waste products that are toxic in large quantities.

Notoedres — not an ear mite, which can affect the ears from the outside and cause notohedrosis. Parasites have larger sizes, but are also almost indistinguishable and “hide” under the skin. Not adapted to life without a «master». On the ground or furniture, they die for 10–12 days, provided that the ambient temperature varies between 12–20 ° C. It is transmitted to humans and causes local irritation, but cannot multiply and dies after 25–30 days.

Note! On the planet, more than 850 species of ticks affecting domestic animals inhabit, but within the framework of this topic Otodectes cynotis and Notoedres will be discussed as the most frequent «guests» of the ears of pets.

Both diseases have similar symptoms — itching and anxiety, affects both ears, transmitted by contact to other cats, dogs and other animals. However, there are a number of important differences that are crucial for diagnosis and subsequent treatment:

  • With notoedrosis, the animal quickly combs its ears into the blood, while with otodectosis it tries to shove its hind paw into the ear canal and scratch it inside.
  • An internal lesion is accompanied by the appearance of brown scurf or a moist “gruel” in the ear folds — see the photo, and the outer one — by the loss of wool.
  • When otodektoze cat shakes his head, the parasite affects the ear canal and the animal can not physically scratch.
  • With notoedrosis, over time, the lesion area increases.
  • Otodectesis is not infectious for humans and, unlike most skin diseases, is not accompanied by spontaneous hair loss.

Why do cats become infected with ear mites?

In nature, cats live in groups (prides) and constantly in contact, as they have not yet died out from ticks — a mystery. However, if you «dig» deeper, there is nothing surprising in this. Brutal natural selection allows mammals to live while they are young and strong. All young animals in the blood contains a set of «antidotes» that protect them from fleas, ticks and other insect parasites. Weak young animals and older animals die quickly, not from an infection, but from the teeth of competitors.

Domestic cats have partially lost the “invulnerability” given to them by nature, the situation was aggravated when breeders, breeding new breeds, began to work due to gene mutation. An unnatural diet and progressive veterinary medicine were added to the constant “breeding” work, allowing surviving “hopeless for nature” individuals. No matter how cruel it may sound, the reasons for almost all diseases that are not typical for animals lie in human intervention in natural selection.

So where does the ear mite come from? Risk factors:

  • The main carriers — 80% of stray animals are carriers of skin parasites, even if they do not get sick themselves. If you stroke a cat in the yard — wash your hands, eggs and adult ear mites can be on the animal’s fur. Farm animals, rodents, birds, especially insectivores can be carriers of parasites.
  • Sick — young individuals, street kittens disease is transmitted from the mother, even if she does not show signs of the disease. Elderly, past ill or stressful animals.

Important! The disease is aggravated by the lack of prevention. Even if your pet never goes outside, regularly inspect the ear canals and carry out preventive measures. In favorable temperature conditions, the parasite can live on clothes, shoes, floor or furniture from 4 to 12 hours.

Diagnosing ear mites in cats

In a typical form of otodecosis, a confirmation of the diagnosis is allowed. The disease proceeds in several stages:

  • Primary infection — in the ear folds there are grains or stains of a dirty brown color.
  • Acute form — the auricle is abundantly smeared with brown «gruel», the consistency, most often moist with fragments of earwax. When an animal scratches its ear, a characteristic “smacking” sound is heard. If on the inner surface of the ear to hold a finger or a cotton swab, there is a reaction of the hind legs — tremor, imitation of scratching. A similar reaction to stroking from the outside indicates sarcoptosis (subcutaneous mite) or notohedrosis.
  • Complicated form — in the ear there is pus, blood or blotches of black-green color. Touches cause pain, the animal shakes its head. This degree of damage, most often accompanied by secondary symptoms — discharge from the nose, tearfulness, strong scratching of the head.

In terms of general information, it is worth knowing what is dangerous in cats tick ear:

  • Epidemiological distribution — the carrier infects all animals with which it contacts.
  • Combs, self-injury, up to hematomas and head injuries.
  • Spread of the lesion on other parts of the body (tail, croup, neck), if the cat likes to sleep in a ball.
  • Inflammation of the lymph nodes, as a result of a decrease in the level of the body’s immune defense.
  • With complicated forms — deafness, disorder of the central nervous system, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes and nose, pus spillage in the soft tissues of the head.

We will understand how to determine the presence of an ear tick in a pet. You will need: a cotton swab, a sheet of black paper, bright light, if vision problems — a magnifying glass. Algorithm:

  • We open the ear of the animal, take a cotton swab and in one motion capture the maximum possible amount of plaque (gruel).
  • Hold a cotton swab over a sheet of paper and gently tap on the plastic base with your finger.
  • We put the wand nearby, and carefully look at the sheet. You are interested in a white dot, 2-3 times less than a grain of semolina. The point was found, lay in place, and then began to move — bingo! This ear mite!
  • The sheet is folded and thrown away, and we go to the pet store or to the vet for advice.

If a tick is not found, but the symptoms indicate a disease, skin scraping will be needed. A simple procedure that any veterinarian is able to do. Do not forget that not all ear problems are associated with ticks, perhaps the pet has a bacterial mucosal lesion or an allergy.

How and what to treat ear mite in cats

Self-treatment is quite acceptable, provided that the animal does not experience pain and there are no foci of inflammation in the ear canals. Most ear drops for cats have a wide spectrum of action and are aimed at all popular types of parasites and bacteria. During treatment, daily clean your pet’s ears with cotton buds dipped in hydrogen peroxide or a special lotion.

Important! When cleaning your ears, your main task is to eliminate the parasite and its eggs as much as possible. Do not feel sorry for cotton buds, moistened, held on the skin, turned upside down — 1 stick for 2 strokes!

Ignoring the treatment will definitely make itself felt. Can a cat die from an ear mite? — No, but from secondary inflammation — easily! Progressive inflammation, sooner or later, affects the middle ear. At this stage, drops and cotton swabs are powerless, and we need qualified help and “aggressive” therapy. Nervous breakdown and an acute reaction to touching your ear are the minimal consequences of a complicated inflammation.

Stages of development of the disease

Among all ear diseases, otodektoz (ear scabies, ear mites) is one of the common skin diseases of a parasitic nature. It is diagnosed in 85% of cases of all appeals of owners with suspicion of otitis in pets.

What is ear mite in cats? Most often, this term refers to a disease caused by the superficial sarcoptoid tick Otodectes cynotis. This small tick-borne mite parasitizes in the upper layers of the epidermis. The parasite is localized on the inner surface of the auricle, as well as in the skin layers of the ear canal.

The pathological process develops gradually and includes the following steps:

  • Mechanical injury, damage to the upper layers of the skin. The parasite produces blood and lymph, gnawing through the powerful mouth apparatus of the surface layers of the epidermis. Excreted waste products of parasites lead to irritation of nerve endings, causing severe itching.
  • Superficial blood vessels become thinner, overflowing with blood, leading to redness and swelling of tissues.
  • On the surface of the damaged skin is constantly visible discharge (exudate).
  • Dead skin cells, exudate, waste products of mites lead to the formation of scabs that have a dark brown color. The process is complicated by putrid microflora.
  • Scabs, crusts over time accumulate and lead to the formation of traffic jams in the ear canal, the animal’s hearing is dulled.

Inflammation of the inner ear (labyrinthitis) in the running cases in the middle and inner ear, causes a strong inflammatory process. The eardrum, the hearing aid of the animal, is involved in pathology. The symptom of this stage is headache: the animal is more often with its head rotated 90 or 120 degrees. At the same time, the diseased ear is directed downwards. This feature of the goyim leads to the spread of the pathological process on the brain shells, the phenomena of sepsis and the death of the animal.

It is important for the owner to understand that the consequences of such a seemingly harmless disease can be deplorable.

How does the infection occur?

Options, where there is ear mite in cats, not so much. Infection of a healthy pet occurs more often upon contact with a sick animal. The cause of the disease — kozheed tick, which has a small size — 0.3 — 0.5 mm, barely visible to the human eye. In the external environment, the parasite can live for about 2 months. His entire life cycle is associated with an animal. It is the sick cat or cat that are the sources of the pathogen for a healthy pet.

Infection of a pet with otodectesis occurs, as a rule, upon contact with a sick animal, through care products (combs, carriers, pouderki). Often, the owners are wondering where the ear mite in cats comes from if they don’t go outside. In this case, people usually act as carriers. The parasite can be transferred to the animal on shoes, clothes, hands. Frequently, carriers of tick-borne mite are fleas and flies.

Ear scabies has seasonality. More often, animals become infected during the warm season. This is due to the fact that at positive temperatures the tick lasts longer in the environment and can infect items of care, shoes and clothing.

The disease is more prone to young individuals up to 1 year. Adult animals fall ill with close contact with patients, with a weakened immune system, violation of the regime of maintenance. Otodektoz affects not only domestic cats, but also arctic foxes, foxes, raccoon dogs.

Signs of a parasite

The owner may suspect the development of an ear tick according to the behavior of his pet. With the defeat of otodecosis, the animal develops a severe itching, therefore the first sign of the presence of the parasite is strong anxiety, scratching in the area of ​​the ears, shaking the head. Severe itching results in cats meowing, running around the rooms, combing their ears to blood. Often noticeable deterioration in the appearance of the animal, there is gluing of hair in the area of ​​the ears. Such signs should encourage the owner to inspect the ears of the pet.

External signs otodektoz detected already by visual examination of the outer part of the ears. On examination, there are stuck wool, sloppy appearance, crusts and scabs. Having turned away an ear, it is possible to find out dark brown educations — purulent weight. Often the discharge has an unpleasant putrid odor that distinguishes them from earwax.

Itch mite, spreading to the middle and inner ear, causes a strong inflammatory process. The eardrum, the hearing aid of the animal, is involved in pathology. The symptom of this stage is headache: the animal is more often with its head rotated 90 or 120 degrees. At the same time, the diseased ear is directed downwards. Such a sign indicates a complicated form of otodecosis and requires immediate therapy. The general condition of the animal is worsening, a sharp decrease in appetite, exhaustion, and nervousness are observed.

In the absence of treatment, the meninges are involved in the pathological process. This complicated stage of ear scabies is accompanied by nervous phenomena: seizures, convulsions, convulsions. The outcome is usually fatal.

Knowing how dangerous the ear mite, the owner should at the first signs of the disease seek help from a veterinary specialist.

Install otodektoz in a specialized clinic is not difficult. In addition to clinical research, laboratory methods are used in the diagnosis of the disease. To do this, conduct a study of the contents of the auricle of a pet under a microscope. Visual observation of the parasite allows you to make an unmistakable diagnosis.

Pet treatment

Arsenal of drugs than treating ear mites in cats and in general against sarcoptoid parasites is quite wide: from solutions and ointments to intramuscular injections. Treatment for ear scabies is based on the following principles:

  • Antiseptic treatment of the ear canal. Getting rid of the ear mite should begin with cleansing the skin affected by the mite from crusts, scabs, exudate, waste products of mites and the parasites themselves, sulfur and pus.
  • The procedure is carried out using cotton swabs, pre-soaking them in disinfectant solutions. Hydrogen peroxide, camphor alcohol, furatsilina solution, etc. is used as an antiseptic. It is almost impossible to cure a cat from an ear tick without first cleaning.
  • Topical administration of acaricidal (tick-borne) drugs. After the auditory meatus has been thoroughly cleared of exudate, treatment against ticks should be started. As acaricidal drugs used ear drops, ointments, gels. The following remedies have proven themselves best for ear scabies: “Otoferanol”, “Akaromectin”, “Amitrazin”, “Ivermectin”, “Tactic”, “Amit”, “Stronghold”. Ear drops are instilled into both ears using a dispenser or an eye dropper. The number of drops is indicated in the instructions for the preparation or specified by a veterinarian. After instillation, it is necessary to massage the auricle for better distribution of the medicine.
  • In particularly advanced cases, acaricidal agents are used in the form of injections, for example, “Ivermectin”. The treatment is carried out under the supervision of a veterinary specialist, as it is unsafe for the animal.
  • Auxiliary drugs. Many owners ask veterinarians how to treat the cat’s ears from the ear tick to reduce inflammatory processes, reduce itching between the main treatments. For these purposes, used, for example, «Otonazol», which has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects. In addition, the ointment is effective against pathogenic fungi. Such ancillary drugs reduce the duration of treatment, facilitate the condition of the pet.
  • Strengthening the immune system. To remove the ear mite in a cat is very difficult without increasing the immunity of the sick animal. For recovery to take place more efficiently, it is necessary that the diet contains nutrients, minerals and vitamins. Often, veterinarians prescribe a course of immunomodulators to weakened animals, for example, “Gamavit”, “Gamapren”, etc.

During the course of therapy, attention should be paid to disinfecting the room in order to avoid re-infection by the parasite. The effectiveness of treatment should be monitored using laboratory diagnostics. Для этого необходимо 1 — 2 раза за терапевтический курс сдать анализ (соскоб кожи с ушной раковины) для микроскопического анализа.

Профилактика заражения

Предупредить развитие заболевания намного проще, чем вылечить ушного клеща у кошки. Для профилактики следует придерживаться определенных правил:

  • regularly carry out routine inspection of the pet auricles, clean from sulfur and accumulated dirt,
  • avoid contact with sick and suspicious animals,
  • strengthen the pet’s immunity through rational feeding, vitamin therapy,
  • observe the hygienic conditions of animals,
  • in case of suspected ear scabies, the cat should be shown to a veterinary specialist.

The responsible owner who has an idea of ​​what otodektoz is, ways of infection and stages of development of pathology should also know how to get rid of the ear mite. It is necessary to understand that the disease requires an integrated approach in treatment, aimed not only at destroying the itch parasite, but also at alleviating the condition of the animal, improving immunity and preventing re-infection.

How to treat an ear tick in a cat: what it is, from where. . Otitis treatment in cats: purulent and fungal symptoms. The cat on the ears tubercles: what to treat, what to do if it is.

How to treat an ear tick in a cat: what it is, from where. . Otitis treatment in cats: purulent and fungal symptoms. Cat and cat tail fracture: symptoms and treatment.

Dangerous bronchitis in cats: signs of presence, treatment and prevention. What is provoked and how is anemia treated in cats. . How to treat an ear tick in a cat: what it is, from where. How does a flea collar for cats and whether it is real.

How does a cat’s ear mite appear?

Important to remember! Ear ticks can appear in domestic cats that are shielded from contact with other animals and do not go outside.

This is because people can not stay at home all the time, so they bring parasites on clothes and shoes, which affect animals. In due time, the treatment process brings good results — otodektoz (ear tick) retreats in 95% of cases, according to the statistics of requests.

Ear Tick Symptoms

When ear tick ears quickly pollute

In order to effectively and quickly get rid of the problem, you need to know the main symptoms. This will allow to diagnose the health of the cat at home.

The manifestation of ear mite in cats:

  • severe itching which makes the animal actively scratch its ears with its hind legs,
  • appear on the head combing ,
  • redness of the skin (especially pronounced in the folds next to the ears),
  • cat often shakes his head ,
  • ears get dirty quickly (the amount of sulfur increases)
  • characteristic odor appears (as a result of the formation of waste products of ticks).

If the disease is in progressive or advanced form, it can be observed purulent discharge, presence of blood or skin scales. Before starting treatment at home with folk remedies, you should be diagnosed at a veterinary clinic.

Diagnosis of ear mite at home

Need to take a swab from the ear of the animal

The tick can also be recognized at home, for this you need a smooth surface of black color. Ear mite is white, small size, so you will need to use a cotton swab.

  1. It is necessary to take a swab from the ear of the animal.
  2. Then holding the wand over the black surface, you should gently knock on its base to shake ticks out of sulfur.
  3. Then a cotton swab should be placed in the bag and a black surface should be viewed under the source of bright light.

If white dots appear that will begin to move with time, then it can be argued that the cat has an ear mite.

If visually the parasites are not visible, but the cat continues to comb the ears, then the parasites are most likely to have microscopic dimensions. In this case, to establish the cause of the disease will help only laboratory scraping .

Treatment process

Isolation of a cat in the bathroom, where its tray is installed

You can get rid of parasites at home, but the treatment process will be long, regardless of the drugs used.

On average, a complete deliverance from the disease goes 30 days .

In order to do this you will need:

  • Isolate the pet from contact with other animals and children
  • wash hands after contact with an animal,
  • use gloves when processing the cat’s ears,
  • use special preparations, including folk remedies.

Home treatment involves the use of specialized medical drugs, but it must be remembered that they should be applied strictly according to the instructions or recommendation of the doctor.

The treatment process includes the daily process of cleansing the cat’s ears from sulfur. Vatu for this is best wetted in hydrogen peroxide. Application of a special collar — a mandatory element of treatment. It allows for good processing of places affected by the tick, will not allow the cat to comb the ears, which will speed up the healing process.

Anti-histamines should be used to relieve itching. After the main symptoms have passed, the medication should continue for about a week.

The choice of treatment

The most effective, therefore, common among cat lovers and often used method of treatment is local.

For this, it is best to use ear drops from ear mite. They not only eliminate parasites, but also act on the pathogenic bacteria that appear during inflammation. The main requirement: the spectrum of action should be extended to parasites related to Otodectes cynotis.

Pus in the ear

Pus in the cat’s ear

In the event that the disease has reached the stage of pus appearance in the cat’s ear, then the remedy for ticks should be broad spectrum . It is best to use drops that eliminate fungi and bacteria. You can also use drugs with a narrow range of effects, but additionally use an antifungal drug, such as an ointment, since it remains on the skin for a long time.

If lotions and sprays are used for disinfection during the cleaning of the ears, then it is best to slightly warm up the compositions to room temperature before the procedure. After applying the selected treatment agent to the inside of the ear, this place should be lightly massaged. Then you need to cat shook his head, then you can clean the ears of sulfur.

Immunostimulants

An effective treatment is the use of special injection stimulants. An important condition: do not use for this preparations containing alcohol.

Means should be designed specifically for the treatment of cats, and compliance with the instructions is a prerequisite for successful treatment.

Excess of terms, dosages should be coordinated with the veterinarian, it is impossible to do it yourself. In the event that after passing the course of the drug in the ears, a brown color appeared, then further treatment should be carried out with antifungal agents. Drops should be excluded from therapy.

Folk remedies

Green tea and boiling water

In that case, if the use of specialized medical products is not possible, then for the treatment of tick in cats you can use folk remedies. They are effective in the first stages of the disease, when there are no secondary signs — coagulated blood and strong combing. The process of cleaning the ears remains among the essential elements of treatment. The main tool in the fight against ticks — tincture of green tea.

  • boiling water — 230 ml ,
  • green tea — 2 tsp. (better to use large leaf).

After the tea has cooled, it should be buried in the cat’s ears every day for 2-3 drops in each ear — a course of 1 -1.5 months. It is important to remember that tea can cause an allergic reaction in an animal, so after the first use you should look at the behavior of the cat.

And also after cleaning the ears, it is recommended to drip almond oil, and then massage.

Simultaneously with this drug should apply a mixture of oils of lavender, tea tree and mint additionally diluted in water — this will enhance the therapeutic effect.

Garlic and oil ointment

Garlic oil is a great way to fight the ear mite

Another folk remedy — an ointment of garlic and oil. For its preparation will require:

  • butter — 2 tbsp ,
  • garlic — half cloves .

The resulting composition should be lubricated ears 1 time per day. Garlic is an excellent antiseptic, but can cause allergies and the formation of cork, so you need to monitor the condition of the animal.

«Habitat» ear mite in pets

Ear pincers at Murok and Zhuchek live in the ear canal, the outer part of the shell, on the eardrum. In some cases, they can be found on their heads. Earwax is a breeding ground for both adult parasites and just hatching eggs from larvae. Infection of a healthy animal can occur from the patient. Ear tick in cats is transmitted, albeit with minimal probability, even to domestic animals. Another method of infection is contact with infected mats, dishes. Although the probability of tick infestation of other animals is not as high as cats, but when a parasite is found, all animals in the house should be treated.

By the way. Precautionary measures apply only to “smaller brothers”. It is considered unproven that the ear mite in cats is transmitted to humans.

With a favorable breeding environment, comfortable external conditions, parasitic colonies can cause acute otodektoz (ear scabies). Most often this disease occurs in one and a half months and another age (up to a year) kittens, less often in adult animals: they also fall into the risk zone. In any case, tick infestation is a very contagious feline disease.

What is he like, ear mite?

Plain infectious body size of 0.2 — 0.7 mm pale yellow color. This kind of insect has in the study of sulfur from the ears under a microscope. Compared with the trunk of his limbs rather long. However, without special optics, it is impossible to discern what a cat tick looks like in cats.

This is how cats ear ticks look — photos after magnification under a microscope

The first signs of its presence are the detection in the ear of a small, grainy black residue: a mixture of sulfur, animal blood, biochemical secretions of the parasites themselves. Not only can the tick cause inflammation of the ear, it reduces the body’s defensive reaction, affects the skin and other internal organs.

Signs of tick infection

A wordless animal cannot complain to its owner about its misfortune, but its behavior is more than eloquent. The fact that a tick started in cats can be identified by the symptoms:

  • animals behave restlessly, as if shaken off the head of parasites,
  • trying to get his back paw in the ear canal, scratching it to the blood,
  • try to relieve itching by rubbing your head against furniture,
  • an unpleasant smell is detected, the appearance of a dark brown liquid from the combed and re-infected ears,
  • there is deterioration of hearing or even its complete loss,
  • possible increase in body temperature of the animal.

The ear parasite is an extremely contagious cat disease.

The more we know about the symptoms of the disease, the clearer it will be how to treat the ear tick in cats

Ways to heal the «smaller brothers»

Modern pharmacology has many treatments. Drugs based on insecticides are effective when exposed specifically to the parasite and are powerless to destroy its eggs. With this treatment, the course of therapy lasts 3 weeks: throughout the entire life cycle of the tick.

The effectiveness of the drug tresaderm lies precisely in the fact that its constituent antibiotic has a destructive effect on eggs, the adult parasite, fungi, inflammations and other infections. Drops from the ear mite in Ivomek cats are considered a drug with a wide antiparasitic range. Ivermectin, which is part of ivomek, can be attributed as an injection. The animal receives it several times a month. As a drip ear treatment prescribed «Leopard», «Amitrazin Plus», «Tsipam», «Otoferonol Gold.» These drugs affect and worms (if they exist).

Getting rid of the parasite begins with manually clearing the ears

Attention! With the complex treatment of all animals in an apartment, you need to know that only cats react to painless invermectin in drops. Dogs may have intolerance. Do not treat this tool and small animals. In order for the cat to behave quietly during the procedure, the instilled liquid must be slightly warmed up.

Ointments / Sprays

Remedies for ear mites in cats can also be in the form of ointments, aerosols. Aversea ointment acaricidal action is applied with a special spatula in the ear, absorbed when it is lightly massaged. Acaricidal effect has a cream-like composition based on prednisone and amitraz «Amit». They process the ears, previously applied to the swab, twice a day with a frequency of 5 days. Auricle treatment can be performed by spraying Acaromectin spray evenly over the inner surface of the ear.

Since the method of treatment is simple, as directed by the veterinarian, it is quite possible to carry it out at home. Stronhold, Oridermil, Frontline — these tools are effective, but only after they have been prescribed by a doctor. The drug of complex action is considered Revolution for Cats. It is drip applied to the withers. After absorption into the blood, the active substance begins to affect not only ticks, but also fleas. Often, Revolution for Cats is used for prevention.

Drug application technology

  • For any of the methods a mandatory procedure before each bury, there should be a cleansing of the surface affected by parasites from purulent secretions, dried crusts. This can be done with a cotton swab moistened with camphor 2% alcohol solution, a special lotion for cleaning the ears or hydrogen peroxide.
  • The sour animals pollute the animal itself out of the ears, or they are removed with a cotton swab.
  • After instillation of the medicine, in order to get it into the ear canal as quickly as possible, it is necessary to slightly massage the ear near the base.
  • It is necessary to drip or process the ear in another way strictly according to the instructions with the frequency indicated in it, after which time and again analyze the earwax until the animal is cured.
  • As a preventive measure, apply wet cleaning of the premises so that the mites, after their “expulsion” from the infected cat, do not crawl to another cat.

Mite causes harm at any phase of development

Home first aid kit for cats: folk treatment methods

  1. Drops from the ear mite can be prepared independently, using for this the bactericidal properties of green tea. A tablespoon of the leaves of the plant is poured a cup of boiling water. Allow to infuse for 5 minutes, cool, instilled in a pipette in each ear every day for a month.
  2. Treatment of folk remedies does not let quickly give a positive result, but it is more sparing for animals. Powerful antiseptic — garlic — as a medicine, you must first insist on oil (sunflower, olive, almond) for 24 hours. And only then bury in the ears 1 time per day.
  3. Do not write off the grass and the celandine, which occupied the surrounding landings. It is enough to pick the green stalks of the plant, the leaves, process it in a meat grinder, squeeze the juice. Bury it 2 drops in each ear twice a day.
  4. You can process the internal cavity of the ears once every day with the following composition: an alcoholic solution of iodine (1 part) mixed with glycerin or vegetable oil (4 parts). Inflamed inflamed areas of skin near the ears should be smeared with Konkova ointment, sulfuric.

Infectious disease otodektoz in cats with lesions of the ear mite can be very difficult. It is important to establish contact with the animal, «talk» with him in the same language. At the first sign of illness, an examination by a veterinarian is necessary. The sequence of treatment, compliance with the rules of hygiene, improving the immunity of the animal will accelerate its recovery.

Treatment of ear mites in cats

Most owners do not immediately notice that his cat has a problem with an ear mite. Therefore, cases of the disease more often run. A single use of drugs from the ear mite does not give results. And then the owners start looking for — how to cure ear mite in cats and kittens? This is quite a painstaking occupation, requiring attention and diligence from the owners.

To recognize the disease and start the correct treatment, just look at the photo of the cat’s ear mite.

Ear mite cat

For the treatment of ear mite in cats you need 3 drugs:

  • drops or ointment for otodecosis treatment
  • ear cleaner
  • insecticidal spray or drops on withers (if ear mites have moved to the head or body)

If you choose between spray and drops on the withers, then choose a spray, they can process the litter and the main places of stay of a cat or kitten. Most often, drugs are used on the basis of such agents as “Cyodrin”, “Prosoptol”, “Acrodex”, “Dermatozol” and “Fipronil”. It is not always possible to buy them, therefore you can ask any skin parasite spray in the vet pharmacy.

How to treat the ear mite in cats is more convenient for you, it will not be difficult to choose, since the range of drugs for the treatment of the ear mite in vet pharmacies is quite wide.

Do this even if it is written in the instructions for the drug for treatment of the ear mite that you can immediately drip and not need to be cleaned. Струпья мешают действию препарата, он не проникнет достаточно глубоко, чтобы избавиться от клещей, засевших в ухе несчастного животного.

Если кошка сильно сопротивляется лечению, ее можно завернуть в покрывало, оставив снаружи лишь голову.

Blend the ear cleaner according to the instructions (if you use vegetable oil — drop five drops into each ear), massage for 30 seconds, let the cat shake its head and rub the ear with a cotton or cotton pad, in some cases it will have to be done several times, until complete cleaning up.

Bury the ear tick remedy in each cat’s ear, do everything according to the instructions. Gently massage the auricle at the base, for better penetration of the drug. Hold the cat’s head a little so that it does not shake the medicine out of the ears. Then slightly moisten a cotton pad with the same preparation and wipe the inside of the ear, as well as the skin around the ear.

If you have several cats or kittens, then for the prevention you need to handle all. For kittens and pregnant cats need to use special drops and spray.

This procedure should be repeated according to the instructions, usually every 5-7 days, due to the life cycle of the ear tick.

When treating with ear preparations, mites can move to the body of the animal. There was a case that all the parasites ran over to the tail and paws of the cat, they did not notice right away, then it was very problematic to remove them.

Treat the animal according to the instructions, usually once. Do not let the cat lick up the product until it dries. Spray the main sleeping areas of the cat or kitten.

In addition to standard treatment, there are other methods, for example: injections from the ear mite in cats. Injections can only be used as directed by the veterinarian. Injections from the ear mite are highly toxic compared to drops and can cause an allergic reaction, with hair loss, itching and other consequences.

However, the positive side is still there — the injection helps to get rid of all bloodsucking parasites on your cat’s body at once (lice, fleas, scabies).

How long does an ear mite treat cats? The term of treatment of the ear mite is about a week or two. How long an ear mite is treated depends on the degree of cat damage.

How to choose the best tool

On the Russian market there are a lot of medicines for ear mites for cats and kittens of domestic and foreign production — these are drops, ointments, sprays and preparations for injections.

The most popular and easy-to-use remedy for ear mites in cats and kittens is ear drops. The range of drops against ear mites is the most diverse, making it easier to pick them up for kittens, pregnant cats and older animals.

In addition to ear drops there are drops on the withers against ear mites, they should be used in the case when the mites have moved onto the body of a cat or kitten. Sprays against ear mites in cats also serve to process the animal’s body, as well as to treat the litter, because the ear mite is transmitted even through personal pet items.

For the treatment of ear mites apply and ointment, as the main means of dealing with it. The choice of ointments is not as great as the ear drops, but these drugs have a small plus — the ointment affects the ear tick longer and prevents their movement in the cat or kitten’s ears. But applying ointments is more difficult than drops, drops easily penetrate deep into the ear, ointments penetrate so deeply more difficult.

Ointments can be used as adjuvants in advanced cases of ear mites in cats and kittens, sulfur ointment is particularly popular.

You can purchase specialized preparations for cleaning the ears, and you can turn to folk remedies for ear ticks in cats and kittens. Vegetable oil for cleaning cats’ ears is the best choice for animals with allergies, and is also suitable for kittens and pregnant cats.

In addition to vegetable oil, there are many other folk remedies for cleaning and disinfecting cat ears and kittens from ear ticks.

Drops can be considered the best treatment for ear mites in cats and kittens, as they penetrate better into the ear, their application is easier compared to the others, and drops can also be used as a cleaning agent.

How to cure otodektoz in cats

The ear tick (Otodectes cynotis, Greek oto — ear, dectes — one who bites, cynotis — canine) is the causative agent of otodectosis, a dangerous disease of cats and other carnivorous animals (dogs, foxes, etc.), it is also called ear scabs .

Infection with otodectes can occur in several ways:

  • close contact of a cat with sick animals,
  • joint keeping healthy and sick animals,
  • through tick infested items (hygiene items, dishes, bedding, etc.).

Symptoms and diagnosis

The first sign of the onset of the disease, which the cat owner must pay attention to, is redness, peeling and itching of the inner surface of the auricle and the external auditory canal.

The animal is worried, constantly shakes its head and tries to comb the affected skin of the ear with the claws of its paws. As the disease progresses, the cat’s condition worsens:

  1. inflammation of the skin occurs at the site of the mite,
  2. fluid begins to be released (serous exudate),
  3. over time, pus forms.

The amount of purulent exudate increases, it accumulates in the folds of the auricle, closes the ear canal and acquires an unpleasant putrid odor.

Another unfavorable development of the disease scenario is a complication of a secondary (secondary) bacterial infection, in which case the cat may die.

This is how an ear mite looks like on an animal.

In order not to miss the onset of the disease, it is necessary to regularly clean the ear canals of the animal from the accumulated secretions, inspect them for the presence of:

  • inflammatory processes
  • large amounts of sulfur
  • crusts with an unpleasant smell.

If during the inspection of the above signs were not found, then there is no cause for concern.

Another sign, which may indirectly indicate the presence of otodecosis, can be determined independently. To do this, you need to press on the base of the auricle from above, and you should hear the characteristic sound in the form of a splash.

Ear scabies has similar symptoms with other ear diseases, so only a specialist can accurately diagnose and prescribe the correct treatment. Any self-treatment can lead to the death of a pet.

The diagnosis of «otodektoz» is based on clinical signs of disease. In addition, laboratory diagnostics may be offered. For this purpose, a scraping of the inner surface of the auricle is sent to the veterinary laboratory.

The veterinarian parasitologist will conduct a microscopic examination, and in case of detection of ticks will confirm the diagnosis.

Otodecosis treatment

For the treatment of otodektoz there are a huge number of drugs, the action of which is aimed at the destruction of the ear tick. It can be:

  • ear drops (Amitrazin, Tactician, Amit, Akromectin, Amitraz),
  • powders, ointments, aerosols,
  • in severe and advanced cases, it is necessary to use intramuscular injections with special antiparasitic drugs, for example, Otodectin.

All treatments are quite simple and can be done independently. Just do not forget that ear scabies is a very dangerous, difficult to treat the disease, so it must be treated under the strict supervision of a veterinarian.

Before treating the ear with medicine, the ear canal should be cleaned from scabs and pus. This is done using cotton swabs that are pre-moistened with camphor alcohol. A 2% hydrogen peroxide solution can also be used to better separate the crusts.

After that, in both ears bury such a number of drops, which is indicated in the instructions to the drug. The auricle is lightly massaged at the base for better drug penetration.

The procedure is carried out once in 7-10 days, until a positive effect. It is advisable to check the effectiveness of treatment each time using a laboratory method, which consists in a microscopic examination of the contents of the auricle. Treatment is stopped when no mites are detected in the scraping.

Simultaneously with the main treatment, all the skin of the animal is treated with anti-tick preparations.

In order to alleviate the condition of the sick cat, Otonazole can be instilled into the ears between treatments, which will reduce itching and inflammation. As an aid, ointments are used, which contain sulfur compounds (Vishnevsky ointment, sulfur ointment, colloidal sulfur).

Do not forget about raising the immunity of the cat, which plays a significant role for complete recovery. In the diet should include high-protein, vitaminized feed. Also, walks in the fresh air have a favorable effect on the treatment.

In order to prevent re-infection of the cat, it is recommended to do wet cleaning of the room once a week with the use of an acaricide. This must be done in order to destroy the ticks that could crawl from the animal to the floor, furniture or other interior items.

Here is what this parasite looks like under a microscope:

Ear glue under the microscope

Ear mite in a cat, cat or dog

The ear mite, referred to in the veterinary world as Ototdectes cynotus, causes an infection called otodecosis. An ear mite can be infected only from a sick animal, the tick does not live long in the external environment without a host (cat or dog), the ear tick is not dangerous to humans.

Uncomplicated ear mite infection is easy enough to eliminate, complications come in old cases, as well as adding bacteria to the pathological process, which are always on the skin of the ear canal and can add unnecessary trouble if the protective skin barrier begins to break down by parasitizing the ear mite.

Also, it is necessary to make a reservation that another disease in cats from the skin parasitosis group is similar to otodectes. This is the nodtohedrosis of cats, which is caused by the mite Notoedres cati.

But this parasite does not live in the auditory canal of the ear, but on the outer side of the auricle, combing with notoedrosis is more severe. If cats with otodecosis (the first option) can live for several years without causing suspicion among the owners, the cat with notodrosis very quickly combing its ears to blood.

Signs of an otodektoz, of course, are dirty ears and the constant scratching of their animals, the appearance of scratches, crusts and blood on the auricles, and in fluffy cats and the appearance of tangles behind the ears.

The discharge in the ear canal with an ear tick has a dirty brown color, there are usually many of them; in uncomplicated cases, the sulfur is dry, resembles a coffee drink, and in complicated cases it is semi-moist with an admixture of pus and / or blood. When sampling with cotton buds, the animal begins to jerk intensively with its hind legs, which is a sign of itching.

A simple diagnosis (if you have good eyesight) can be done without a microscope. We collect the discharge directly from the ear to a cotton swab over a sheet of charcoal black, beating gently on the stick, while the mites, if any, fall onto the leaf. And then we observe the movement of ticks.

What to look for? We are looking for white grains (less grains of semolina), it is better to put a black sheet of paper and watch on a black background, and closely look at one of them, if it moves — this is a tick.

To confirm our observations (that this is not a self-suggestion), we are looking for a similar white grain and observe again.

Mite does not move quickly, but noticeably. If the diagnosis is confirmed, the following treatment is for you. It is important that if you keep several animals in one group, it is necessary to treat all of them simultaneously, regardless of the presence of signs of the parasite.

Treatment (elimination)

Treatment, or rather the elimination of ear-tick parasitism, begins with determining the degree of ear inflammation. 1st (mild) — dry dirt. without blood and pus, only a tick-borne preparation will be needed, perhaps a lotion for cleaning the ears.

From practice, it is necessary to emphasize the importance of using drugs that do not contain alcohol (either ethyl or isopropyl), especially when used in case of severe inflammation. Before digging, it is necessary to clean the ears if they are dirty. Ears, especially in complicated cases, cannot be cleaned with cotton buds.

Firstly, mechanical irritation of the skin aggravates the inflammation, and secondly, by pushing the dirt further into the ear canal, an artificial stopper can be created. To clean the ears of dirt fit: lotion «Otifri» (without alcohol), any other lotion for cleaning the ears without alcohol, if there is no choice, and 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide.

Use all lotions only in the form of heat (38 degrees Celsius). Instill from 5 to 15 drops, massage the ear at the base and allow the animal to shake its head. Cleaning is carried out depending on the degree and rate of contamination of the ears. In the first days more often, after less. The first cleaning with very strong pollution is better to entrust the veterinarian.

Non-complex drugs, those that do not contain antibacterial or antifungal components and act only on the ear mite (all of them are veterinary drugs): Frontline, Aversectin Ointment, Amidel-gel, Amit Forte and others (we mentioned here drugs that have experienced in their practice).

Before use, read the instructions. Complex drugs (without alcohol, also only veterinary drugs): «Oritzin», «Oridermil» and others.

If you need the addition of antibacterial and antifungal ear drops when using non-complex anti-tick drugs, you can use the following veterinary drugs: «Otanazol», «Aurizon» (dogs), «Kanaural», «Surolan» and others according to the instructions.

Some experts, and even doctors, take it for the ineffective treatment of otodecosis and continue to stuff the animal with anti-tick preparations, but in reality, these are only yeast-like fungi, which can be eliminated by prolonged use of antifungal ear aids. Do not neglect the help of a veterinarian.

Ear Mite How to treat at home. Causes and symptoms

Ear tick manifests itself very simply. If you see your cat shaking its head and scratching its ears excessively, or have noticed an unusual smell coming from its ears, this may be the first signs of an ear tick. The medical name is otodecosis.

Ear ticks are the most common disease in cats: almost 90 percent of all cats sooner or later they become infected. In addition, the disease is very contagious and spreads to other cats in the house.

If your cat has an ear mite and you do not know what to do, and are looking for advice on the Internet on the forums, we recommend not to self-medicate and experiment with your beloved cat, because the consequences of your experiment may disappoint you and your family.

10 reasons to call a veterinarian at home

A cat’s ear tick is a tiny, crab-like parasite. Mites live in the ear canal and on the head, and sometimes on the body. Imagine thousands of these tiny insects crawling in your darling’s ears! Ticks live on the surface of the skin and in the ear canal, where they feed on dead cells and tissue fluids.

Ticks can also spread over the entire surface of the skin. When this happens, the cat begins to scratch the back, neck and tail. The presence of ticks can cause severe inflammation in your affected cat’s ears.

Mites have a three-week life cycle and can live without a parasite host for several weeks. Unlike fleas, the tick does not penetrate the skin and does not suck blood.

What are the symptoms of tick-infected cats?

  • Skin irritation and scratched
  • Increased earwax emission,
  • Thick, black discharge from the ear,
  • Scratched ears,
  • The cat shakes his head regularly,
  • Scratched skin around the ears.

Symptoms for ear mites are often similar to other diseases of the ear. For example, a yeast infection can also produce black exudate (black discharge) in your cat’s ears, but if you decide to experiment on a cat and use a medicine against ear mites without a diagnosis, the situation may worsen and the cat will start ear inflammation.

Determining an accurate diagnosis for a veterinarian is not a problem. The ear mite is a large insect that can be seen with an otoscope that magnifies the ear mite: the light from the otoscope helps to distinguish mites from earwax.

Also in the light, ticks begin to move. If the tick is deep in the ear canal, the veterinarian, with the help of an ear stick, will reach deep-seated ticks to examine the exudate under a microscope.

Ear tick is a very contagious disease. All other pets must be examined and treated at the same time. Ticks can also be transmitted to your dogs.

How to drip ear drops cat?

Ear diseases, infections and injuries are quite common diseases, often requiring prescription of drugs. For the average person (non-medical profession), using these drugs can be confusing and difficult.

To fulfill the doctor’s prescriptions, you may need diligence and patience to give the cat medicine. The technique used to perform the doctor’s prescriptions for is described below:

  1. Prepare the medicine by opening the vial,
  2. Держите голову вашей кошки одной рукой, а другой держите используемые лекарства,
  3. Также можно взяться за кончик пораженного уха, чтобы таким способом помочь удержать его неподвижно. Будьте очень осторожны и не держите ухо слишком сильно, потому что тем самым можете вызвать еще большую боль. Будьте готовы к тому, что ваша кошка дрогнет, когда лекарство коснется уха,
  4. Keep holding your cat’s head and use the medicine bottle with your other hand.
  5. That’s all. One ear you dripped. Gently massage the base of the ear so that the medicine spread deeper into the ear.

If your cat’s skin is also affected, you will have to wipe the areas affected by the tick with medicine. After completing the prescribed course of treatment, a return visit to the veterinarian is necessary for final conclusion.

What are the methods of prevention?

You can prevent the ear mite from appearing if you dry your cat’s ears after bathing, check them regularly for foreign matter and, if necessary, promptly call the vet at the first sign of trouble.

The ear mite, otodectes (Otodectes cynotis), is a parasite that lives in the ear canal of a cat. These microscopic white insects can appear at any age cats, but more often in young animals.

The most common symptom of ear mites in cats is itching in the ear and a black discharge. Ear mites can also spread to the surface of the skin. When this happens, the cat begins to «itch» in the back, neck and tail.

How to diagnose a parasite?

The ear mite spends its entire life on an infected cat. The female mite lays eggs in the ear and in the area of ​​the ear hair. Small mites hatch from eggs after four days of incubation. The larva feeds on earwax and skin secretions for one week.

Then they fade into “protonymphs,” which, in turn, fade into deutonymphs. The deutonymph does not develop sex until they mate with a representative of the male tick. If, as a result, the tick turns out to be a female, then it will already be fertilized by eggs with the next offspring.

Cats ear tick are contagious! If an ear tick was found on one of your animals, you should check all pets for its presence and treat them if necessary.

The veterinarian will need to provide a complete medical history of the animal and conduct a physical examination, with particular attention being paid to the ears and skin around the ears. For accurate diagnosis, the appearance of the discharge, the location of the scratches, or other symptoms play an important role.

  • Ear tick is most often diagnosed by a veterinarian when examining an ear with an otoscope with a magnifying glass. So the tick can be seen,
  • Cytological smear analysis involves taking a sample of the discharge from the ear and studying it under a microscope (a tampon is mixed with mineral oil and placed on a microscope slide — so an ear tick can be observed)
  • Scraping can also be done if your cat is affected by a tick and on the skin.

Some pets may need additional diagnostics to determine the root cause of the ear abnormality.

These tests are not typical for animals with a simple ear mite disease. Additional tests can be:

  1. Bacterial culture and sensitivity. This test can help in the diagnosis of bacterial infections. The procedure involves taking a sample from the ear and analyzing in a laboratory to identify specific bacteria. Bacteria are treated with several antibiotics to determine what will kill them most effectively,
  2. Radiographs or CT. These studies can be done to determine the condition of the auricle and bone, and they can also be used to assess the degree of involvement in the disease,
  3. A complete blood count and biochemical analysis can be done to check for factors contributing to the development of the infection, as well as to determine if there is a concurrent disease.
  4. Skin scrapings,
  5. Allergic tests. The veterinarian may need to perform this test if your pet has an allergy that can irritate the ears as well as the skin.

What is prescribed treatment with ear mite?

Ear ticks in cats should be treated only after the vet examines and diagnoses. If a cat has no ticks in its ears, the use of anti-tick drugs can aggravate the situation with a sore ear. Full treatment consists of the following steps.

Cleaning the ears. It may be necessary for the cat to clean the ears, but it all depends on the medication used and the amount of discharge from the ear. It may also require sedation and ear rinsing in the hospital.

Use of medication for infected cat ears. Usually, the veterinarian prescribes local treatment, which consists in the use of drugs for the ears (drops). Often prescribed drugs, which include milbemycin or ivermectin. Tiabendazole may be prescribed for use at home. Selamectin can also be applied topically (between the shoulder blades).

The use of the drug on the affected skin. If the cat’s ear mite has spread to the skin, the affected areas are often treated with anti-flea agents.

Re-examination of the vet. All other animals that have been in contact with an infected animal should also be shown to a veterinarian.

Stages of the disease

  • first, mites traumatize the skin mechanically, and also irritate the nerve endings with their waste products.
  • in the places of occurrence of ticks, hyperemia occurs, that is, the vessels of the blood circulatory system overflow with blood, resulting in swelling of the skin.
  • so-called exudate is sweating from the damaged parts of the ear. This medical term designate various kinds of discharge.
  • having dried and reacting with the products of vital activity of ear mites and with dead epidermis, the exudate forms dark brown scabs.
  • these crusts covering the formed wounds in the auricle form a stopper in the auditory canal.
  • then (in the absence of the necessary treatment), the eardrum ruptures, opening the path to the middle and inner part of the cat’s ear for the inflammatory process. This causes labyrinthitis.
  • the final stage of the passage of the disease is the defeat of the inflammatory process of the meninges, which leads to the death of the animal.

It is advisable to start treating an ear mite immediately after the onset of symptoms of this disease in order to prevent the occurrence of complications.

Ear tick in cats: what to treat?

Ear tick (English Otodectes cynotis, stands for oto — ear, dectes — the one who bites, and cynotis means canine) is the causative agent of a dangerous disease for cats — otodectosis. The latter is popularly called the ear scab, and therefore the cat’s ear mite is often called the scabies mite.

Otodectesis is a serious disease that, in case of late treatment, can turn into a chronic form. With developed otodektoz affects the inner surface of the ear of the animal, resulting in unbearable itching.

Taking into account the last fact, there is nothing strange in the fact that the owners most often begin to suspect that the cat has infected the ear mite only after it is scratching the ear down to the blood.

Since an animal can be infected with an otodecosis (not necessarily a cat and not necessarily from a cat) in several ways (for example, through close contact with a sick animal or through objects infected with ticks), the problem of scabies mites is very important.

The first symptom of cat infection with an ear mite is constant anxiety, which is manifested by shaking the head. The animal begins to feel severe itching, rubbing its ears against everything that is possible and constantly scratching its ear with its paws.

Moreover, if then not to begin treatment, the inflammation can go to the meninges. This development threatens the cat death.

Therefore, if you have not noticed before, but now you see that your cat is constantly depressed, has a fever, walks like a drunk and tilts its head — check its ears. In the case of identifying the picture as in the photo on the right, immediately begin treating the cats or as soon as possible show the animal to the vet.

Now there are a lot of drugs for the treatment of otodektoz, that is, to destroy the ear mite in cats. These drugs can generally be divided into three types: ear drops, powders, aerosols and ointments, injectable drugs (used in very severe cases of otodecosis).

So, first you need to clean the ear and ear canal from scabs and pus. To do this, you can use cotton buds, which must first be moistened with alcohol.

To make dead skin dry better separated, you can use a 2% solution of hydrogen peroxide. Only after cleaning the ear, you can begin to apply the medicinal product according to the instructions, which are indicated on the packaging or label.

The frequency of the procedure according to the instructions for use of the selected therapeutic agent. The treatment lasts for the complete disappearance of the symptoms of the ear tick.

If drops are used as the main treatment, it will be good to use a special ointment as an adjunct. Antibiotics in addition are used only as directed by the veterinarian in the event of a secondary bacterial infection.

How to treat?

The veterinarian begins treatment with cleaning your cat’s ears. Some of the new products do not require thorough cleaning before use. A veterinarian may prescribe injections and medications for home treatment.

How to drip ear drops cat?

Ear diseases, infections and injuries are quite common diseases, often requiring prescription of drugs. For the average person (non-medical profession), using these drugs can be confusing and difficult.

To fulfill the doctor’s prescriptions, you may need diligence and patience to give the cat medicine. The technique used to perform the doctor’s prescriptions for is described below:

  1. Prepare the medicine by opening the vial,
  2. Hold your cat’s head with one hand and the other with used medication,
  3. You can also take hold of the tip of the affected ear to help keep it still this way. Be very careful not to hold your ear too much, because it can cause even more pain. Be prepared for your cat to falter when the medicine touches the ear,
  4. Keep holding your cat’s head and use the medicine bottle with your other hand.
  5. That’s all. One ear you dripped. Gently massage the base of the ear so that the medicine spread deeper into the ear.

If your cat’s skin is also affected, you will have to wipe the areas affected by the tick with medicine. After completing the prescribed course of treatment, a return visit to the veterinarian is necessary for final conclusion.

What are the methods of prevention?

You can prevent the ear mite from appearing if you dry your cat’s ears after bathing, check them regularly for foreign matter and, if necessary, promptly call the vet at the first sign of trouble.

The ear mite, otodectes (Otodectes cynotis), is a parasite that lives in the ear canal of a cat. These microscopic white insects can appear at any age cats, but more often in young animals.

The most common symptom of ear mites in cats is itching in the ear and a black discharge. Ear mites can also spread to the surface of the skin. When this happens, the cat begins to «itch» in the back, neck and tail.

How to diagnose a parasite?

The ear mite spends its entire life on an infected cat. The female mite lays eggs in the ear and in the area of ​​the ear hair. Small mites hatch from eggs after four days of incubation. The larva feeds on earwax and skin secretions for one week.

Then they fade into “protonymphs,” which, in turn, fade into deutonymphs. The deutonymph does not develop sex until they mate with a representative of the male tick. If, as a result, the tick turns out to be a female, then it will already be fertilized by eggs with the next offspring.

Cats ear tick are contagious! If an ear tick was found on one of your animals, you should check all pets for its presence and treat them if necessary.

The veterinarian will need to provide a complete medical history of the animal and conduct a physical examination, with particular attention being paid to the ears and skin around the ears. For accurate diagnosis, the appearance of the discharge, the location of the scratches, or other symptoms play an important role.

  • Ear tick is most often diagnosed by a veterinarian when examining an ear with an otoscope with a magnifying glass. So the tick can be seen,
  • Cytological smear analysis involves taking a sample of the discharge from the ear and studying it under a microscope (a tampon is mixed with mineral oil and placed on a microscope slide — so an ear tick can be observed)
  • Scraping can also be done if your cat is affected by a tick and on the skin.

Some pets may need additional diagnostics to determine the root cause of the ear abnormality.

These tests are not typical for animals with a simple ear mite disease. Additional tests can be:

  1. Bacterial culture and sensitivity. This test can help in the diagnosis of bacterial infections. The procedure involves taking a sample from the ear and analyzing in a laboratory to identify specific bacteria. Bacteria are treated with several antibiotics to determine what will kill them most effectively,
  2. Radiographs or CT. These studies can be done to determine the condition of the auricle and bone, and they can also be used to assess the degree of involvement in the disease,
  3. A complete blood count and biochemical analysis can be done to check for factors contributing to the development of the infection, as well as to determine if there is a concurrent disease.
  4. Skin scrapings,
  5. Allergic tests. The veterinarian may need to perform this test if your pet has an allergy that can irritate the ears as well as the skin.

What is prescribed treatment with ear mite?

Ear ticks in cats should be treated only after the vet examines and diagnoses. If a cat has no ticks in its ears, the use of anti-tick drugs can aggravate the situation with a sore ear. Full treatment consists of the following steps.

Cleaning the ears. It may be necessary for the cat to clean the ears, but it all depends on the medication used and the amount of discharge from the ear. It may also require sedation and ear rinsing in the hospital.

Use of medication for infected cat ears. Usually, the veterinarian prescribes local treatment, which consists in the use of drugs for the ears (drops). Often prescribed drugs, which include milbemycin or ivermectin. Tiabendazole may be prescribed for use at home. Selamectin can also be applied topically (between the shoulder blades).

The use of the drug on the affected skin. If the cat’s ear mite has spread to the skin, the affected areas are often treated with anti-flea agents.

Re-examination of the vet. All other animals that have been in contact with an infected animal should also be shown to a veterinarian.

Symptoms and treatment of the ear parasite in cats

Ticks in cats ’ears are not just pests that injure the sensitive skin of the auricle. Parasites cause a serious disease called otodektozom, which in severe cases can lead to the death of the animal.

Stages of the disease

  • first, mites traumatize the skin mechanically, and also irritate the nerve endings with their waste products.
  • in the places of occurrence of ticks hyperemia occurs, that is, the vessels of the blood circulatory system overflow with blood, resulting in swelling of the skin.
  • so-called exudate is sweating from the damaged parts of the ear. This medical term designate various kinds of discharge.
  • having dried and reacting with the products of vital activity of ear mites and with dead epidermis, the exudate forms dark brown scabs.
  • these crusts covering the formed wounds in the auricle form a stopper in the auditory canal.
  • then (in the absence of the necessary treatment), the eardrum ruptures, opening the path to the middle and inner part of the cat’s ear for the inflammatory process. This causes labyrinthitis.
  • the final stage of the passage of the disease is the defeat of the inflammatory process of the meninges, which leads to the death of the animal.

It is advisable to start treating an ear mite immediately after the onset of symptoms of this disease in order to prevent the occurrence of complications.

How does the infection occur?

The causative agent of the disease is kozheed tick. Your pet may become infected with earwash from an infected animal — through direct contact with it or through care products.

Please note that a sick cat is a danger to other pets, for example, for a ferret, for raccoon dogs, for dogs with long ears. Также болезнь передается лисицам и песцам и многим другим хищникам.

Для человека отодектоз не опасен. Однако люди могут стать переносчиками инфекции – вы можете заразить свою кошку, перенося ушного клеща на руках или на одежде.

Кроме того, кошка может заразиться и от блох и мух, которые также являются переносчиками ушной чесотки. Young individuals aged one and a half months are most susceptible to this disease, however, an adult animal can also get sick with ear scabies.

At the initial stage of the disease, the cat is experiencing severe itching inside the auricle, so the animal often shakes its head, combing the places damaged by the tick. As the disease progresses, a purulent mass begins to stand out — you may notice the wool glued to it in the lower part of the animal’s ear.

When the infection infects the meninges, the animal begins to suffer nervous seizures, as a result of which it most often dies.

Otodectosis treatment begins with a thorough cleansing of the cat’s auricles — the ear is washed with antiseptics, for example, chlorhexidine.

Liquid medicines, which are injected with a syringe with a rubber tube, will help to rid the cat of parasites. Next, the auricle is massaged with light movements, having previously bent in half. You can use the ear drops: «Aurikan», «Amatrizin.»

In addition, for the treatment of ear scabies in veterinary medicine are used aerosol preparations based on such means as «Cyodrin», «Prosoptol», «Acrodex», «Dermatozol». They should be sprayed at a distance of 5 cm from the ear for 2 seconds. It is best to consult with your doctor before using such drugs, and it is not always possible to buy them at a regular pet store.

If a kitten has an ear mite, it is removed with drugs that are not contraindicated in young individuals. Among them can be called «Ivomek.»

If the cat is pregnant, most drugs do not suit her. Experts advise to regularly clean the ears and bury camphor oil. You can also use drops on withers, for example, «Promeris» or «Lawyer».

Whatever treatment option you choose, you need to carry it out three times in 5-6 days — this is due to the life cycle of the ear tick.

en.zoo-club.org

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