Where Does The Raccoon Dog Live

Where does the raccoon dog live ?

Wiki User
January 06, 2010 4:02AM

WikiResearch says:

TAXONOMY

Canis procyonoides (Gray, 1834),

China. The raccoon dogs from the islands of Japan are consistently

smaller than those of the mainland and have a different chromosome

count as well as other genetic differences. Genetic analysis shows

that the raccoon dog is an early independent offshoot from the main

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Chien viverrin; German: Marderhund.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

The raccoon dog is a medium-sized canid. Its weight fluctuates

markedly through the year. An average summer weight is 11.0 lb (5

kg) increasing to 16.5 lb (7.5 kg) before winter hibernation. It

stands 7.9-9.8 in (20-25 cm) at the shoulder. The distinctive mask

with a black muzzle and a broad white stripe across the forehead

gives the species its common name. The very long coat makes the

animal look stocky and barrel-like. Although its legs are not long

in proportion to its body, they are not as short as those of

several South American canids. The teeth are relatively small.

DISTRIBUTION

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widely.=»» is=»» now=»» found=»» from=»» east=»» to=»» style=

«color:rgb(0,0,0); color:rgb(0,0,0); color:rgb(0,0,0);» the=»»

species=»» lives=»» in=»» a=»» variety=»» of=»» wooded=»» forested=

«» habitats.=»» prefers=»» mixed=»» woodlands=»» and=»» often=»»

uses=»» water=»» courses.=»» it=»» can=»» tolerate=»» some=»»

human=»» h2aclass=»h2headingh2″ name=»BEHAVIOR» h2a=»» href=

id=»BEHAVIOR»>At high latitudes, the raccoon dog goes into a

during the winter, the only canid to hibernate. Groups of the

animals sometimes occupy the same den for the winter. Individuals

gain up to 50% of their body weight in the late summer and autumn.

Males are usually the first to reach their hibernation weight with

breeding females and young taking an extra month. Pairs occupy a

common range although the degree of territoriality is not clear.

Groups of raccoon dogs regularly gather at food sources, and

breeding dens are sometimes clumped. The main source of mortality

recorded for the species is predation by wolves and, less commonly,

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

The species has a varied diet, although insects and mice are

often the most common items. Like the raccoon (Procyon

spp.), they regularly eat fish and other aquatic foods like

frogs, snails, and crabs. In the summer they may eat berries and

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Monogamous. Breeding occurs in the early spring. After a

gestation period of 59-64 days, three to eight pups are born in an

underground burrow, often an old badger den. The male plays a very

active role in raising the pups both provisioning his mate and

young and staying at the den to protect the family. The pups reach

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What is a Raccoon Dog? — History and Facts

Are they dogs? Are they raccoons? Are they a hybrid of the two species? As the name suggests, raccoon dogs appear to be a combination of the two. But are they really? The raccoon dog, also known as the mangut or tanuki, raises all kinds of questions. You may have seen a picture of a tanuki and thought it looked like a slightly overweight raccoon, but heard it was called a dog. Or may be you heard someone talking about keeping a raccoon dog as a pet.

So, if you find yourself wondering “what is a raccoon dog?”, AnimalWised is here to give you a complete answer. Keep reading to find out about the origins of these fascinating and unique animals. You will also discover several interesting facts about the raccoon dog — what they eat, where they live and why they are considered an invasive species in some countries. Finally, we explain why it is not a good idea to have a raccoon dog pet.

  1. What is a raccoon dog?
  2. Where is the raccoon dog from?
  3. Raccoon dog facts
  4. Are raccoon dogs dangerous?
  5. Can you keep a raccoon dog as a pet?

What is a raccoon dog?

The raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) is a wild animal belonging to the Canidae family. The raccoon dog is therefore a dog, rather than a raccoon. Despite their outward resemblance to raccoons, these animals are genetically related to domestic dogs, foxes and wolves, and are considered a species of wild dog. Their raccoon-like appearance has given them a somewhat confusing name in English and other languages, but raccoon dogs are not actually related in any way to raccoons (Procyon lotor).

This animal is a basal or ancestral species, which means they have remained relatively unchanged since they first diverged form other canid species. They are the only extant species of the Nyctereutes genus, and there are six recognized subspecies of raccoon dog across Asia and Europe.

Where is the raccoon dog from?

Raccoon dogs are native to Japan, which is why they are often called Japanese raccoon dogs, or referred to by their name in Japanese, ‘tanuki’. The exact time the species emerged in Japan is debated, but the direct ancestors of present day Japanese raccoon dogs are believed to have been isolated on the islands about 12,000 years ago [1] .

Raccoon dogs became popular animals in Japan around the 18th century. This was when the tanuki became an icon of the country, and began to be considered a symbol of good fortune. Tanuki are an important part of Japanese folklore, and there are several legends and stories around the Japanese raccoon dog.

The raccoon dog is also native to mainland southeast Asia, where it is found in parts of China, Korea and Vietnam. Southeast Russia, eastern Siberia and Mongolia — where the raccoon dog is called ‘mangut’ — are also considered to be part of their native territory. Recent studies have suggested that the Japanese raccoon dog be classified as a separate species from the mainland subspecies on the basis of chromosomal differences [2] .

During the early to mid 20th century, raccoon dogs were introduced, through the Soviet Union, into Eastern and Northern Europe. This was due to the popularity of their fur, which was highly appreciated, even until a few decades ago. Raccoon dog farms were created in former Soviet Union territories in Asia and Europe, from where some raccoon dogs were deliberately released into the wild while others escaped captivity.

These animals spread fast from the places where they were introduced, thanks to their resistance, adaptability and ability to withstand extreme low temperatures. Raccoon dogs can currently be found in many parts of Europe, including countries such as France, Denmark or Germany, where they are often considered an invasive species. we will look further into this below. Today, Finland has the highest population of raccoon dogs outside their native territory.

If you are interested domestic dog breeds from Asia, here is a list of native Asian dog breeds.

Raccoon dog facts

The raccoon dog is a very peculiar animal, not only because of its deceptive looks, but also because of its unique habits and behavior. Here are some facts about the raccoon dog and answers the questions you may have about this unusual canid species:

Where do raccoon dogs live?

In the country where they are most common, Japan, the raccoon dog inhabits forests, mountains and rural areas of the islands. They can sometimes be found in the outskirts of cities or in urban habitats with little forest cover, much like the unrelated raccoon. In the places where they have been introduced, raccoon dogs inhabit moist forests and meadows, staying close to sources of water. They have been seen to escape into water when being chased.

Raccoon dogs are known for their ability to withstand very low temperatures and high snowfall. At the northern end of their range, in Finland for example, they can be found in places where the annual average temperature is just above 0ºC.

What do raccoon dogs eat?

Raccoon dogs are omnivorous animals, and vary their diet according to season. In addition, they are opportunistic generalists, so they usually get their food from almost any source that is available to them. They often eat small rodents, insects and reptiles such as toads and occasionally prey on waterfowl and freshwater fish. They are also known to feed on carrion and rubbish. In summer and autumn they eat more berries, fruit and sometimes cereals or other agricultural produce.

What do raccoon dogs look like?

As we have explained, raccoon dogs are not genetically related to the raccoon family, although they share an uncanny resemblance. Both have a black facial mask and pointed muzzle, as well as yellowish-brown to gray fur. Albino tanuki have been recorded [3] , although albinism is rare among raccoon dogs.

The similarities between raccoon dogs and raccoons can be explained by the convergent evolution, which is when two unrelated species evolve similar traits by adapting to the demands of similar niche habitats. One feature that distinguishes them, however, are their canid-like paws, which look nothing like the raccoon’s five toes.

Raccoon dogs are medium sized, weighing between 4 to 9 kilograms. They have two two layers of fur, with a short and bushy undercoat, and a long, dense outer coat. Raccoon dogs change in appearance between summer and winter. Before winter sets in, they double their weight and grow thick fur, which protects them from the cold and gives them a very round appearance. By summer, their coat thins and they go back to their previous weight.

Curious habits: hibernation and monogamy

An interesting fact about the raccoon dog is that it is the only canid species that hibernates. Unusually for a hibernating species, however, its body temperature does not drop. The accumulation of fat reserves during summer and autumn helps them keep their temperature constant and withstand even the coldest winters.

Another unique feature of the raccoon dog is that it is monogamous. This means that males and females form pairs for life. They share a range, and move together throughout the year, as well as feeding and foraging together. In addition, male and female raccoon dogs raise their young together, taking turns foraging and ‘babysitting’ [1] .

Are raccoon dogs dangerous?

Raccoon dogs are usually harmless and are not known to attack humans. However, being wild animals they tend to be cautious and fearful, running away or hiding from humans and other possible predators. If they feel threatened, it may be possible for raccoon dogs to snarl or exhibit what appears to be aggressive behavior [4] . It is in fact dangerous for them to travel through urban areas, since in the face of possible dangers, such as cars, they remain petrified, often succumbing to traffic accidents.

The raccoon dog as an invasive species

Due to their adaptability and opportunistic feeding habits, raccoon dogs can often become invasive species. They have recently been classified as such by the European Union [5] , and are listed as ‘injurious wildlife’ according to the US Fish and Wildlife Service [6] . The biological characteristics of the raccoon dog also make it an ideal host for several types of parasites and viruses, which is why it can be considered dangerous to human health in regions where it thrives in high numbers.

Raccoon dogs can potentially transmit a number of deadly zoonotic diseases to domestic animals or to humans. They are known to carry 35 endoparasites, plus ectoparasites, bacteria and viruses. Raccoon dogs are a key carrier of rabies and scabies (mange) in Europe, both of which can easily infect domesticated animals. They also act as vectors for parasites such as Trichinella spp or Echinococcus multilocularis, a dangerous tapeworm which can infect humans as well [7] . This does not mean that raccoon dogs have to be eliminated wherever they are found, but that their populations need to be kept in check in countries where they are not a native species.

Can you keep a raccoon dog as a pet?

While raccoon dogs can be adorable-looking, they are not meant to be domesticated or made to live in our homes. As we have explained, raccoon dogs are a wild species, and have several problems associated with them. As a potential invasive species, raccoon dogs that escape captivity or are deliberately released into the wild can wreck havoc on native species.

In addition, although some raccoon dogs are kept in captivity — in zoos for example — they are not well adapted to life in within four walls. Raccoon dogs have lived close to humans for centuries, and have never been successfully domesticated. Furthermore, they have proved wily escape artists, and it is best for them to live out their lives in in the wild rather than in forced captivity.

Furthermore, it is illegal to breed, keep or bring in raccoon dogs in many countries, as they are often listed as an invasive species. Even where it may be legal we recommend that do not keep a raccoon dog as a pet. Organizations such as the RSPCA also strong recommend against keeping raccoon dogs as pets [8] .

If you want to read similar articles to What is a Raccoon Dog? — History and Facts, we recommend you visit our Facts about the animal kingdom category.

www.animalwised.com

Where Do Raccoons Live?

Raccoons may look cute and cuddly, but behind those friendly faces are destructive creatures that can ruin gardens and crops, cause damage to home and property and potentially be a danger to pets and children. Raccoons are savage fighters with sharp teeth and piercing claws, and they will eat just about anything they can find. If you spot a raccoon wandering around your suburban town or even an urban city neighborhood, you may find yourself wondering, exactly where do raccoons live in the city? After all, these invaders are surely not pet raccoons who just happen to have given their owners the slip in order to do some nightly foraging.

Inside the city limits may not seem like an optimal place for a raccoon to live, but they certainly don’t seem to mind it. Raccoons typically look for places to call home near bodies of water and prefer areas that have lots of trees to use as dens. However, with the spread of urban and suburban areas, raccoons have adapted well to city life. They will often live just outside city limits and travel through storm drains and sewers to find trash cans and dumpsters that provide easy meals.

Because of the variety of foods that a raccoon will eat, they are found just about everywhere in North America. Raccoons don’t discriminate in the types of fare they feast on. They will eat aquatic animals such as frogs and crayfish from streams and ponds, fruits and vegetables from gardens and farms and scraps from trash cans and city dumpsters.

Where Do Raccoons Sleep?

Raccoons are opportunistic creatures when it comes to where they sleep. Most raccoons seem to prefer sleeping in large holes in trees or hollow parts of fallen logs. They also find shelter in abandoned cars, attics, crawl spaces, barns, and sheds.

Raccoons change dens frequently, sometimes moving on to a new den every night. A raccoon may live in a tree one night and relocate to a cozy spot in your attic the next night. During breeding season and harsh winter conditions, however, they will opt to remain hunkered down in their den for more extended stays.

Do Raccoons Live in Trees?

Raccoons are excellent climbers, making tree dens an optimal location. Mothers who are raising their young will typically find a high tree hole away from predators. Juvenile raccoons live in trees for a few months with their mother until they can forage for food on their own.

What to Do If You Find a Raccoon in Your Backyard

The arrival of spring means the emergence of raccoons from wintering locations and into many backyards across North America. Raccoons eat incessantly during the spring and summer months in order to store body fat for the winter, when food sources may not be as abundant. If you spot raccoons in your area, it may be necessary to remove all potential food sources from your property:

  • Move trash inside or lock trash can lids securely in place.
  • Protect your garden by placing raccoon repellent around your garden perimeter.
  • Seal or barricade any holes or crevices in your house that could possibly lead raccoons to find shelter in your attic, basement or shed.

Raccoons are very persistent animals, so they may need to be humanely removed from your property and relocated out of the area using a raccoon trap.

Need Advice?

Are you having issues with invading raccoons on your property? Contact our customer service center at 1-855-5-HAVAHART or ask online for advice on keeping your attic, trash cans and garden free of destructive raccoons. You can also find more tips and tricks on our Havahart® Facebook page. We would love for you to share your own experiences with our community.

For more great resources and exclusive updates on Havahart® products, subscribe to our eNewsletter.

www.havahart.com

See also:  7 Common Garden Pests (And How to Get Rid of Them)
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