When Do Raccoons Have Babies In Ohio
Breeding Cycle of Raccoons
- 1 Breeding Cycle of Raccoons
- 2 Video of the Day
- 3 Life Cycle
- 4 Males
- 5 Females
- 6 Young
- 7 Raccoon Trapping and Removal FAQ’s
- 8 Raccoon Removal and Raccoon Trapping FAQ’s
- 9 Q: How do I get rid of raccoons in my attic?
- 10 Q: How many babies do raccoons have at a time?
- 11 Q: How Long Do Raccoons live?
- 12 Q: Are raccoons easy to trap?
- 13 Q: How much do raccoons weigh?
- 14 Q: What Damages do raccoons do to your attic?
- 15 Q: Do raccoons dig in my yard?
- 16 Q: What do raccoons eat?
- 17 Q: What does someone do with raccoons after they are trapped?
- 18 Q: Can I keep a raccoon as a pet?
- 19 Raccoon Facts
- 20 SHARE:
- 21 General Raccoon Facts
- 22 Raccoon Geography
- 23 Raccoon Habitat
- 24 Raccoon Diet
- 25 Raccoon Behavior
- 26 Identify Raccoon Damage
- 27 Raccoon Diseases
- 28 Fun Facts
- 29 Raccoon Baby Season Is Approaching (Here’s What You Need to Know)
- 30 How Long Do They Stay?
- 31 What To Do
Video of the Day
Raccoons are carnivorous mammals with omnivore tendencies. While they prefer meat, raccoons have a wide diet that includes berries, grasses, grains and crawfish. Nursing mothers, in particular, have a voracious appetite, often spending nights and days gathering food. For this reason, although raccoons are generally nocturnal, it isn’t unusual to see healthy raccoons during the day.
Breeding generally occurs in late winter. If the female is not bred during this time, she will come into estrus again in four months and can be bred at that time, giving birth to babies later in the summer. Most cubs, however, are born in April and May.
The average length of pregnancy for a female raccoon is 63 days. The mother typically has between one and seven cubs at a time, with an average litter of four. The cubs are born with fur and are mobile, although their legs cannot support them, so they scoot along on their stomachs for the first few weeks.
Males are capable of breeding with females in the first spring after they are born — however, due to the presence of older, more mature males, they typically do not participate in this first breeding season. After breeding with females, the male raccoon typically returns to his den for the remainder of the cold weather. While raccoons do not hibernate, they can spend long periods of time in their den without eating during the winter. Male raccoons do not couple with females thoughout the gestation period, and they have nothing to do with raising the cubs.
Females are typically ready to breed when they are about 10 months old. After breeding, they, like male raccoons, typically return to their dens for the remainder of winter. After giving birth, the mother spends most of her time gathering food for herself to keep her offspring nourished. She will keep the cubs in one spot for the first eight weeks. After eight to nine weeks, the cubs are mobile enough to travel with their mother.
At birth, raccoons are between 3 and 5 ounces, their ears are tightly folded against their head and their eyes are closed. After about three weeks, they begin to open their eyes and their ears become erect. By the time the cubs are six weeks old they can typically run and climb proficiently. At eight weeks, they leave the nest with their mother and are eating solid food. By the time they are four months old, the raccoon cubs are typically weaned from their mother, although the family typically stays together well into the fall, and in many cases until the following breeding season.
Raccoon Trapping and Removal FAQ’s
Raccoon Removal and Raccoon Trapping FAQ’s
We get many questions every month regarding raccoons and the process of trapping and removing raccoons from home, attic, buildings and other places where raccoons become a nuisance to humans.
What we have bellow is a common list of questions that is most frequently asked via email or to one of our technicians out in the field.
Remember this list of raccoon FAQ’s will be a ongoing piece of work so check back often as the page will often change!
If you feel you need a professional animal removal expert and live in the united states you can go to our animal removal expert page and choose the state and city in which you live to find a reputable raccoon removal professional.
Q: How do I get rid of raccoons in my attic?
A: How do I get rid of raccoons in my attic is a common question that requires a bunch of different answers. You could always trap the raccoon Then you are faced on what to do with the raccoon after trapping it. In many states a raccoon is considered a rabies carrier and it is illeagal to trap and release a possible rabies carrier unless released on your own property. If you release it on your own property, did you really solve your problem? The best way to handle this is to call a professional from our list. They can offer you a complete solution to your, raccoon in the attic problem.
Q: How many babies do raccoons have at a time?
A: How many babies will a raccoon have at a time is a hard question to answer, There is many factors that play into how many babies a raccoon will have. One is the holding capacity of the current population that the area is capable of holding; mother nature has a unique way of controlling this and is fairly good at it. The second is the abundance of food. If food is scarce, then the birth population will be down considerably compared to a good food year. So the answer is, It depends.
Q: How Long Do Raccoons live?
A: How long do raccoons live is a question that we receive in all times of the year from may different people. Raccoons can live in the wild for betwen 8 and 10 years, However we have gheard of documented cases where raccons in capitivity have live up to 20 years. This is a extermely long time and the life span of a raccoon really depends on its diet. Raccoons will live longer in the wild where they only eat natural foods. Compared to a urban enviroment where they are exposed to human foods from trash cans and other sources such as dumpsters.
Q: Are raccoons easy to trap?
A:Are raccoons easy to trap is a question that is asked a lot of times by homeowners that are looking to possibly trap their own raccoons in traps that they possibly buy from home depot or Lowes. Raccoons can be tricky to catch in a live trap. Raccoons are finicky eaters and we only commit to a trap that has the correct bait inside it. With the right bait source changing from different parts of the country. One thing you can bet is you will have better luck with natural types of bait as opposed to hot dogs and other unnatural foods.
Q: How much do raccoons weigh?
A: How much raccoons weigh really depends on several factors. Raccoons are opportunistic eaters and will eat whatever and how much ever the land will provide them. They can be as lean as 10lb or as heavy as 35 pounds. There have been several raccoons that have been documented to be heavier than this, but 35 pounds is the upper average of how much as raccoon can weigh. The heaver raccoons seem to be found in the Midwest where corn is grown. These raccoons get into the corn silos and just EAT! They will eat and sleep in these silos and become a nuisance by all the corn they eat. These raccoon should be trapped
Q: What Damages do raccoons do to your attic?
A: What damages do raccoons do your attic depends totally on how long the raccoons are allowed to stay up in the attic area of your home. Raccoons will not do a lot of damage if they are removed as soon as they are discovered. If the raccoons are allowed to stay in the attic area of a home they will do much damage to duct work from your AC unit and they will urinate and defecate in your insulation. This will essentially ruin your insulation and possibly your sheetrock on your ceiling. These materials become saturated with urine and this will cause damage that is irreversible. When these items become damaged, they must be cleaned up and replace.
Q: Do raccoons dig in my yard?
A: Do raccoons dig in my yard is often a question that is asked by homeowners that had a very large disturbance in their yard. Raccoons will gain access in yards to dig for grubs and other insects that are found underground in your yard. The drawback about just applying a insecticide is the insects that the raccoons are after is some of the same insects that make your yard healthy and lush. One of these insects is Japanese Beatles. The other thing the raccoon could be eating out of your yard is earth worms. Both of these yard inhabitants are a common food for raccoons that are digging in your yard.
Q: What do raccoons eat?
A: What do raccoons eat is commonly asked when a customer is possibly looking to trap their own raccoons. This goes back and the question and has a similar answer to the how much do raccoon weigh question asked earlier. Raccoons will eat a lot of different kinds of natural and unnatural foods. They are known to eat and kind of wild nut or berry. They also eat corn, vegetables from gardens and have also been known to eat fish from creeks. They will also eat other small animals. So to answer the question one must say raccoons will eat almost anything
Q: What does someone do with raccoons after they are trapped?
A:What does someone do with a raccoon once they are trapped is a very difficult question to answer, the short easy answer is: Do what the state law says you do with it. Many states have many different rules and regulations and have very stiff penalties if you violate their regulations. Many states such as Virginia and Maryland require that if you catch a raccoon in a trap, then it must be humanely put down. Other states such as Florida allow you to relocate the raccoons to areas that allow such relocation.
So it depends on where you are located. The other part of this answer is. Do you know how to release a aggressive raccoon from a trap? These animals are VERY aggressive when they are trapped. Do you want to reach down and open the cage and let a aggressive animal pass within 6 inches of your hand? Raccoons have been known to turn around and attack once released. You should skip this if you are inexperienced. Call a professional from our trappers list located on top of this page.
Q: Can I keep a raccoon as a pet?
A: If you can keep a raccoon as a pet depends on what state you are in.
It is illegal to keep a wild born raccoon in any state in the union however some states allow toy to keep domesticated raccoons. You will have to check with you state office to see if this is possible. However I will tell you that keeping a raccoon as a pet is not a good idea. As young raccoons they are cute a cuddly, however they do get bigger and with age comes their wild ways and instincts It would be totally unnatural for a raccoon to be handled. Many people think that they can teach a raccoon to be tame, this would be like teaching a bird not to fly, this will not happen. These are wild animals and will always be wild. Never try to domesticate a wild raccoon.
Raccoons are highly intelligent and curious creatures, but they can also be a nuisance to any homeowner. These nocturnal mammals can destroy gardens, make a mess by tipping over garbage cans, and can cause structural damage in search of food. On this page, you will learn general raccoon facts and how to identify raccoon damage.
General Raccoon Facts
Scientific Name: Procyon lotor
Average Size: 12″ tall; 24-38″ long; 14-23 lbs.
Average Lifespan in the Wild: 2-3 years
Identifying Features: Gray fur with a black mask and 4-7 black rings around its tail; pointy snout with a black nose; dexterous front paws.
Raccoons are natively found throughout most of North America. Recently, raccoons have emerged in parts of Europe and Japan.
Traditionally, raccoons prefer heavily wooded areas with access to trees, water and abundant vegetation. There, they make their dens in the hollow parts of trees as well as abandoned burrows, traveling up to 18 miles to forage for food.
Raccoons are extremely adaptable. They are often found in suburban and urban areas, making their homes in man-made structures like attics, sewers, barns and sheds. In urban areas, raccoons tend to stay closer to their dens with a range of only about 1 mile, depending on their age and sex.
Raccoons are omnivores with an opportunistic diet; eating almost anything they can get their paws on. In urban areas, where wildlife and fresh vegetation are limited, raccoons will be more likely to eat human food and invade trashcans. The majority of their diet consists of sweet foods like fruits and invertebrates.
Some favorite foods include:
Activity: Nocturnal in nature, raccoons are mostly active at nighttime. They are most active in spring, summer and fall, and will sleep in their dens for most of the winter.
Reproduction: Reproduction begins in late winter. Females, or sows, usually give birth to 1-6 baby kits in April or May. Mothers are very protective of their young until they separate after about a year.
Social Interaction: Raccoons are independent after 12-14 months of age. Adults live in loose knit communities of 4 — 5 raccoons for better protection against predators.
Communication: Raccoons communicate with each other using over 200 different sounds and 12-15 different calls.
Skills: Raccoons possess amazing dexterity that gives them the ability to open doors, jars, bottles and latches. They are also great climbers, which allows them to better access food and shelter.
Identify Raccoon Damage
Raccoons can be extremely destructive due to their curiosity, intelligence, dexterity and climbing skills.
Here are some signs to help identify a raccoon problem:
- tipped trash cans
- raided bird feeders
- pilfered gardens
- damaged crops (ex. chewed sweet corn, hollowed out watermelons)
- uncapped chimneys
- torn shingles
- raccoon tracks: five long toes and fingers resembling human hands
Raccoons can carry several bacterial diseases and parasites that can be transmitted to humans and pets through a bite or the ingestion of raccoon waste.
Some diseases that can affect humans and pets include:
- roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis)
Although raccoons are notorious for carrying rabies, there has only been one recorded human death from raccoon rabies in the United States. Some signs that a raccoon may have rabies include aggressiveness, unusual vocalization, and excessive drool or foam from the mouth. If you think you may have identified a rabid raccoon, call your local animal control authority immediately.
A raccoon will rinse its food in water prior to eating it. When there is no water close by, a raccoon will still rub its food to remove debris.
Some hypothesize that the purpose of a raccoon’s black mask is to reduce glare, helping it to see better in the dark.
A group of raccoons is called a nursery.
Although raccoons only live 2-3 years in the wild, a raccoon can live up to 20 years in captivity.
Raccoon Baby Season Is Approaching (Here’s What You Need to Know)
As we head into raccoon baby season there is some important information we should all be aware of that can facilitate early detection and humane removal should you find yourself unwittingly hosting a young family to be.
Raccoons will mate in late winter, with their litters born in April/May. However, we have seen babies come as early as March and as late as June. On rare occasions, if the mother lost her first litter early in the season, a secondary litter will be born, as late as July. But this is not a very common occurrence.
So once March hits, it’s important to keep an eye out for any signs raccoons could be attempting to break into your attic, garage, shed or under your deck. Having said all that, the most common place they are found is still the attic.
While raccoons live outdoors, in order to create nests for their babies, they actively seek out warm spaces. Your attic is by far the best choice. It’s an elevated space which means protection from predators, it has nesting materials readily available and offers an element of built-in privacy.
The silver lining in all this (if there is one to be found) is that this process is seldom subtle. You will notice immediately if raccoons are getting ready to have their babies in your attic.
Recognizing Their Presence
The biggest difference maker in this whole process will be how quickly you become aware of the problem and address it. Raccoons are not discreet animals, weighing in at anywhere between 10-60 pounds, it’s in your best interest to deal with them immediately.
Signs raccoons have gained entry to your residence:
- Visible entry points on the exterior of the building – often you will see bent siding, damaged soffits/roof vent or other obvious signs of animal entry.
- Thumping and rustling – because raccoons are large animals we hear them moving around and preparing their nest.
- Baby’s cries/chirps – much like their human counterpart, baby raccoons are very vocal in during the early days. You will hear them crying regularly throughout the day (and unfortunately nights). See video below this section to hear an example of what baby raccoons sound like.
- See the mother hanging around on the property. She will not wander too far while her kits are young and helpless.
Potential Damage if Left Unattended
If these pests are left unattended for any duration of time in your attic, the damage can (and will) be devastating. Contact a wildlife professional immediately. A day or two wasted trying to do-it-yourself is all the time they need.
Types of damage most often afflicted by raccoons during mating season:
- Contamination of attic space (urine, feces, nesting, birthing process).
- Damage to the building – soffit, siding, roof vents, etc.
- Damaged, ineffective insulation.
- Damage to structural beams, air ducts, electrical, etc.
The costs associated with repairs and remediation of wildlife inhabitation will often run into the thousands of dollars. It’s in the homeowner’s best interest to quickly and humanely evict the unwanted guest as soon as possible.
How Long Do They Stay?
It takes roughly three months for baby raccoons to be able to move around on their own. Before the three months are up, you’re unlikely to see any baby raccoons in your home; they’ll be nestled away in the insulation while their mother goes out to forage. A litter will contain between 1 and 8 kits, with the typical size being 3-5 babies. The mother has to wait till they are all mobile.
At three months of age, baby raccoons will begin to forage on their own, branching out into the attic space at large and the outdoors. However, raccoons won’t necessarily vacate the premises after the baby raccoon season has finished. If they’ve found a safe, warm, and comfortable space, they’ll continue to return to that space over time. This is especially true if the raccoons were living in your attic prior to mating season.
Another reason you want to avoid having these animals give birth on your property is that the following year, the female babies will return to the same location to have their litter. And each subsequent year that follows the young females will attempt to return. Don’t let the cycle get started.
What To Do
One of the very worst ways you can deal with this issue is by sealing the raccoons in the attic. While it will prevent them from wandering throughout your home, the mother and babies will starve to death in your attic space.
Raccoons mean no harm by living in your attic; the raccoon mother is simply trying to find a warm place for her babies. Contact a wildlife removal service immediately to deal with the issue. Reputable and humane companies employ measures that not only ensure quick and safe removal of the mother raccoon and her babies but will also provide a lifetime warranty for their service. Raccoon removal should only be done by professionals.
Do not contact a traping company as they may not be the most humane option available. There are humane ways of removing raccoons that allow the animals and their offspring to relocate on their own to another den in the area. Untouched by the human hand and free to resume tearing apart our garages and patrolling our neighborhoods at night.