Where do bed bugs come from? Rentokil Pest Control

Where do bed bugs come from?

The sheer mention of bed bugs gives me the creeps and the very thought of them crawling on my skin and feeding on my blood whilst I’m asleep sends shivers down my spine! Unfortunately, in recent years, the number of bed bug incidents has risen. But where do bed bugs come from and how do you get a bed bug infestation?

What causes bed bugs?

It is believed that the two main culprits behind the spread of bed bugs are:

  • Global travel
  • Secondhand furniture sales
  • Lack of awareness
  • New accommodation

Like bed bugs, both these instances have seen a rise in recent years and provide these biting insects with amazing opportunities to claim a free holiday, travelling to new locations by latching on to passenger luggage, often unbeknownst to them!

Global travel

Bed bugs love to travel, it’s one of their favourite things and not to mention that they are amazing hitchhikers!

Places such as hotels and other overnight facilities are like giant magnets for bed bugs due to the high amount of human traffic. This provides bed bugs with countless opportunities hitch a ride to an array of locations by easily hitching a ride in your suitcase.

Hotels are at just as much risk of obtaining a bed bug problem as they are of spreading one.

Secondhand furniture

Just like luggage, furniture also provides bed bugs with cheap flights to your home.

If a piece of furniture is infested with bed bugs, especially pregnant female ones or their eggs, then there is a high possibility that the new owner will have a bed bug problem on their hands.

One thing to keep in mind, although their name might suggest it, bed bugs do not just live in beds, they can also be found on other furniture such as cabinets, wardrobes and even chairs and sofas, providing multiple ways for bed bugs to invade your home.

Lack of awareness

New accommodation

According to Fitzpatrick Associates, the amount of new registered and approved accommodation has steadily increased on a yearly basis. Taking Dublin as a typical example, the number of Dublin visitor accommodation supply demand is predicted to increase by 3% by 2020. This does not take into account the increasing demand and supply in new accommodation models such as AirBnB. These factors potentially contribute to an increase in the number of callouts for bed bug infestation in Ireland.

How to tell if you have bed bugs

Unfortunately, it isn’t that easy to spot bed bugs in your home, as they often dwell in areas out of plain sight, only vacating their homes, which they have made in your furniture, to grab a bite to eat from human hosts.

The first sign you might have a bed bug problem can be waking up to find bites on your body. However, it is important to understand that identifying bed bug bites can be a bit difficult as everyone reacts differently to them.

Bed bug symptoms

Aside from discovering suspicious bites, there are also some signs that you might have a bed bug problem. They are:

  • Dark/black stains around your mattress and bed frame, particularly around the joints and slats
  • An unpleasant, sweet, sickly scent
  • Small dark blood spots on your bedding
  • Live bed bugs on furniture joints and skirting boards.

If you are looking for assistance to control bed bugs in your home or businesses, contact the experts at Rentokil today.

www.rentokil.ie

June Bugs: Where do they come from, where do they go?

June bugs are often a nuisance during the late spring and summer months, particularly at night when they become the most active and are drawn toward light sources in people’s homes and gardens. There are over 100 different species of June bugs, and they are all a little different. However, one thing they have in common is that they seem to appear out of nowhere and disappear just as quickly at the end of the summer. Learning more about the life cycle of June bugs, as well as their eating and mating habits, makes it easier to understand where they come from, why they stay awhile and where they go.

June Bug Eggs

June bugs begin their life cycle as eggs. These eggs are most commonly laid between two and five inches underground near the root systems of plants or grasses. These are white, with a thin, flexible outer shell. They start out as an oblong shape, but become more round as the larvae inside develops. Depending on the species, June bugs stay in their eggs for anywhere between two and six weeks.

June Bug Larvae

June bug larvae are small white grubs with brown heads. They grow exponentially and molt twice before moving on to the next stage of their life cycle. The larval stage is when June bugs are the most harmful to lawns and gardens. They have extremely fast metabolisms, and eat nearly constantly. Roots of your plants and grasses become their main food source, which can severely damage or even kill the plants. Some species of June bugs complete their larval stage within a single year, while others take up to three years to complete this stage and become pupae.

June Bug Pupae

June bug pupae start out a dark brown color and gradually lighten and take on an iridescent tone as they mature. During the pupal stage, June bugs do not move at all, and they cause next to no impact to their environment. They remain underground throughout this entire stage, which lasts an average of three weeks, and then they emerge as adults and make their way above ground. This is one of the main reasons that June bugs seem to appear from nowhere.

Adult June Bugs

After making their way above ground, adult June bugs are fully capable of flight and begin searching for food. They primarily feed on the leaves of your plants and trees. For the most part, they do not eat enough of any one plant or tree to cause serious damage. They are primarily active at night and hide under leaves or in the bark of trees during the day. In late summer, female June bugs burrow into the dirt to lay their eggs, and by the beginning of fall, the June bugs’ life cycle comes to an end and they die off. This is what makes it seem as though they suddenly disappear — that is until the next summer, when the cycle begins again.

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Where do all the ladybugs come from?

by Sandi Duncan | Posted In: General

Is your house being invaded by ladybugs?

From time to time, many people write to us and ask: where do all the ladybugs come from? They seem to be everywhere in the fall. Are they a sign of a harsh winter to come? Are they bringing good luck?

While you may have heard the superstition that ladybugs bring good luck, they don’t seem to have any weather predicting ability. There is no significance between the number of ladybugs and the upcoming winter forecast. Fall infestations of these beetles is more a sign of winter’s approach. As the temperatures begin to cool, these bugs love when a sunny day beckons to them to come out and soak up the rays. If it’s a warm autumn day, you may see tons of ladybugs on the sunniest side of your house.

As the nights cool, the bugs gravitate to warm places during the day (soaking up the sun’s rays on your house). They will do anything or go any place for a bit of warmth. In fact, if there is a tiny opening around a window or door, they find their way in and seem to invite all of their relatives.

Bottom line – the ladybugs are getting the last bit of warmth and mean no harm. And ladybugs are friends of a garden. They feed on insect eggs, small worms, aphids, and other pests. They can, however, damage carpets and furniture with their secretions. And if your home is really infested, when they die they can be all over window sills throughout the house. Best way to get rid of them? Vacuum.

Is it an Asian Lady Beetle or the American Ladybug?

Both look a lot alike and behave the same. There are a few ways to tell them apart:

  • American Ladybug: Has a shiny black pronotum (the area between the head and body) with two tiny white circles. Bodies are a dark red with black spots.
  • Asian Lady Beetle: Has a very distinctive white “W” shape on its pronotum (the area between the head and body) Their bodies are usually orange or yellowish with black spots.

www.farmersalmanac.com

How to Get Rid of Water Bugs in the House

Things You’ll Need

Water bugs are some of the most visually unpleasant household pests imaginable. These giant roach-like critters are disgusting to kill and even more unpleasant to live with. Fortunately, in many cases your water bug problem can be easily resolved with some simple preventative measures that will render your home less inviting to these pests. Even if you prefer to avoid calling an exterminator, you can likely still rid your house of these pests on your own.

Step 1

Clean out unused areas of your house. If you have lots of empty boxes sitting around in an unused closet, unfinished basement or collecting moisture in your garage, then you have basically built a water bug resort and invited them in. Clearing out clutter will destroy their hiding places and make them far less likely to move into your home. Even if you need these areas for storage, a thorough dusting, sweeping and wiping down of surfaces can go a long way toward discouraging unwelcome guests.

Step 2

Run vinegar through your drains. Garage drains, dishwasher drains and the drains on the ground level of your home’s showers, tubs and bathrooms are all very attractive to water bugs because of the organic matter that gets stuck in these moist areas. Run your dishwasher on empty with about a cup of vinegar instead of dish detergent, and pour several cups of vinegar down all of your other drains before stopping them temporarily with rags soaked in vinegar. If you are feeling really brave, remove the strainer on the drain and clean out the top 3 to 6 inches of pipe with your vinegar rag. It will be gross, but it will also discourage water bugs from taking up residence in that area.

Step 3

Trim back foliage from around all entrances to your home, including windows. Water bugs love the moist, damp soil and shady areas next to your house, and if these areas also provide access to your home, it is likely the bugs will invite themselves in.

Step 4

Protect your pet’s food. If you have a cat or dog, their food needs to be sealed rather than simply stored in the bag it came in. Also, if your pet is a sloppy eater, get them a larger bowl to go around their food bowl so that you can clean up the mess easily rather than allowing small kibbles to get into the corners and attract water bugs.

Step 5

Call an exterminator. If your attempts to control the water bug population naturally fail, then you may need to bring in an exterminator. While you can do this yourself using off-the-shelf bug sprays, you run the risk of poisoning yourself and your pets in the process. Exterminators often have green solutions that will kill or drive away the bugs without hurting any members of your household.

www.hunker.com

BUGS IN UNCOOKED PASTA. Where do they come from?

How do those little worm like larvae end up in my glass, sealed pasta jar? I have heard that the eggs are already in the wheat. Why does new pasta not usually have them, but old pasta gets the bugs? I have had them in boxes of pasta (Hamburger helper type boxes pasta.) I have seen them in flour also. Anyone know what’s going on with those little bugs? My mother would just scoop them out when they floated to the top of the water when she cooks the pasta. Are the safe to eat? (I’m sure they are, but here in America we tend to shy away from eating bugs.)

13 Answers

Gosh that brings back memories we were really broke then and I remember just scooping off the bugs cause they did float to the top of the boiling water and we were too poor to just go out to the store and replace it.. (we didn’t die either)

We had what the exterminator called weevils in our rice, flour, pasta, cookies.. in the apartment we used to live in and they said the gal downstairs used to buy flour by the sack and it was in that. We had to clean out our cupboards completely.. throw out the stuff that was open. He sprayed the entire kitchen cupboards and baseboards. They didn’t come back after that.. I am not sure if the neighbor stopped buying flour in sacks or what but she lived next door to the managers place so something must have happened 🙂

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My husband who is an Italian chef and only uses fresh made pasta or pasta imported from Italy warned me that bug larva get into the pasta while it’s being dried and eventually can hatch while in the pasta. Hence he will not use anything but fresh pasta or pasta imported from Italy and only recommends the storebrand Barilla if you want to avoid this problem. We actually had a large larvae show up in a dish my daughter ordered from one of the large national chain restaurants — one of the higher end ones — I won’t say which one here. Just go with the advice above. We haven’t eaten large chain Italian since. Thank goodness my hubby has a Sicilian Italian Restaurant and we can get good Italian without worrying about this ever again. My daughter used to eat any Italian anywhere and I didn’t mind until his happened and he told me why. It has to do with the cleanliness of conditions when the pasta is drying.

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Where do gnats come from and how do you get rid of them?

‘Where do gnats come from and how do you get rid of them?’ It’s a question that is discussed by everybody in South Georgia, young and old, but it seems like no one really has a definitive answer.

Gnats are so common in the summertime in South Georgia that most people have come to grudgingly accept that it’s hard to get rid of them: you can swat them away but they will eventually bug you again.

Where do kids think gnats come from? Kids and gnats seem to be the most pestered by gnats and ‘skeeters. While mosquitoes gradually start increasing in number in March or April, depending on how warm it is outside, gnats seemingly just kind of show up all of the sudden in summer.

“I think gnats show up more around trees and grass because that’s where they feed,” said Michael Conder, a participant in the City of Bainbridge’s Jack Wingate Outdoors Camp.

Michael Conder, left, and Hayden Martin, two friends attending the City of Bainbridge’s Jack Wingate Summer Camp

“I think they hide out in the burrows and bushes in the winter and we just don’t see them as much then,” said Hayden Martin, another Wingate camper who suggested using a product called Swamp Gator to get rid of gnats. “You put it on your arms and legs and face…it stings a little but it’s worth it.”

Sure enough, Swamp Gator was one of the gnat-fighting solutions recommended by Wayne Louviere, an employee at Stone’s Hardware Center in Bainbridge. Swamp Gator, which is actually free of alcohol and DEET, uses Geraniol, soybean oil, rosemary oil and peppermint among its main ingredients. A similar, more expensive product uses citronella oil.

Bottles of Swamp Gator, a gnat/mosquito repellent, and a sunscreen that also contains insect repellent, being sold at Stone’s Hardware Store in Bainbridge, as well as Moore’s Ace Hardware in Colquitt, Ga.

Some people I talked to also recommended Thermacell mosquito repellent lanterns, which can also be found at Stone’s Hardware or Moore’s Ace Hardware in Colquitt, Ga.

But where do gnats come from? We still wanted to know. You’ve heard of The Gnat Line-gnats are usually found only south of Macon, and not in Atlanta at all, although the metropolis still has skeeters, just for less time than we do.

Stephen Wells, a Lake Seminole guide whose wife Pam Martin-Wells is a pro angler, said it’s all about geography.

“You tend to find gnats all over the southern United States along a stretch of land that is about as far from the ocean as we are in South Georgia,” Wells said. “I don’t know why God put them on this Earth exactly, because they are bothersome. Actually, out on the water, regular gnats don’t bother you at all. But on lakes that have grassy banks, there are hydrilla gnats that even using repellents on won’t work.”

Pro angler Pam-Martin Wells, who was helping instruct kids on how to fish at the City of Bainbridge’s Jack Wingate Summer Camp, helps a young boy learn how to tie a knot in his fishing line to hold a lure in place. Pam’s husband, Stephen Wells, not pictured has some theories about where gnats come from.

Finding gnats along coastal plain areas (parts of Southeast Georgia used to be covered by the ocean a long time ago) might make sense, some people say they’ve heard that gnats are found in areas where there is sandy soil.

A Google search suggests that gnats feed on funguses (fungi) that are found in damp areas. Removing standing water from around your house can limit the breeding grounds for both gnats and mosquitoes.

Wells currently does the Daily Outdoors Report with Al Kale for Flint Media radio stations, a job that Lake Seminole legend Jack Wingate used to have before his passing. I asked Wells to come up with a “tall-tale” explanation for gnats like Wingate would have.

“I just can’t do it, they’re a mystery,” Wells protested at first. But then he told a true? story.

“When I was younger, I was riding in the truck with my brother in a car that had a windshield but no roof. There were gnats all over the windshield. Well, all of the sudden, this little jumping spider comes out of the dashboard and leaps about 7 or 8 inches away and starts eating those gnats off the windshield.”

It’s the Circle of Life, I said. Or rather, the food chain. Something like that.

Here are some other popular insect repellents you can find at Stone’s or Moore’s Ace Hardware:

sowegalive.com

Superbugs: What They Are and How You Get Them

April 17, 2015 — Imagine being sick in the hospital with a bacterial infection and doctors can’t stop it from spreading. This so-called «superbug» scenario is not science fiction. It’s an urgent, worldwide worry that is prompting swift action.

Every year, about 2 million people get sick from a superbug, according to the CDC. About 23,000 die. Earlier this year, an outbreak of CRE (carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae) linked to contaminated medical tools sickened 11 people at two Los-Angeles area hospitals. Two people died, and more than 200 others may have been exposed.

The White House recently released a comprehensive plan outlining steps to combat drug-resistant bacteria. The plan identifies three «urgent» and several «serious» threats. We asked infectious disease experts to explain what some of them are and when to worry.

But First: What’s a Superbug?

It’s a term coined by the media to describe bacteria that cannot be killed using multiple antibiotics. «It resonates because it’s scary,» says Stephen Calderwood, MD, president of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. «But in fairness, there is no real definition.»

Instead, doctors often use phrases like «multidrug-resistant bacteria.» That’s because a superbug isn’t necessarily resistant to all antibiotics. It refers to bacteria that can’t be treated using two or more, says Brian K. Coombes, PhD, of McMaster University in Ontario.

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Any species of bacteria can turn into a superbug.

Misusing antibiotics (such as taking them when you don’t need them or not finishing all of your medicine) is the «single leading factor» contributing to this problem, the CDC says. The concern is that eventually doctors will run out of antibiotics to treat them.

«What the public should know is that the more antibiotics you’ve taken, the higher your superbug risk,» says Eric Biondi, MD, who runs a program to decrease unnecessary antibiotic use. «The more encounters you have with the hospital setting, the higher your superbug risk.»

«Superbugs should be a concern to everyone,» Coombes says. «Antibiotics are the foundation on which all modern medicine rests. Cancer chemotherapy, organ transplants, surgeries, and childbirth all rely on antibiotics to prevent infections. If you can’t treat those, then we lose the medical advances we have made in the last 50 years.»

Here are some of the growing superbug threats identified in the 2015 White House report.

Continued

Urgent Threat: Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)

What is it? It’s a family of bacteria normally found in your gut. But many types of CRE are resistant to all antibiotics, including carbapenem, which is usually the last resort. E. coli is an example.

How do you get it? Healthy people usually don’t get this type of infection. Most cases are in people who are in the hospital or a medical care facility, like a nursing home. The bacteria can be hard to remove from medical tools that are placed into the body, such as catheters, breathing tubes, or viewing scopes, even after cleaning. That’s what happened in California, after doctors unknowingly used contaminated endoscopes on patients.

Why is it a concern? They can cause life-threatening blood infections. «There are no effective treatments,» Coombes says. Some research says that up to 50% of patients who are sick from CRE die because of it, according to the CDC.

Urgent Threat: Neisseria gonorrhoeae

What is it? This strain of bacteria causes gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted disease (STD).

How do you get it? Anyone who has sex can get this infection. It commonly spreads during oral, anal, or vaginal contact. If you are pregnant, you can pass this infection to your baby during childbirth.

Why is it a concern? Every year, hundreds of thousands of people get gonorrhea. Some people do not have symptoms. That means you can spread it without knowing. It used to be treatable with antibiotics. But the bacteria are becoming more resistant to current drugs, says Eric Biondi, MD, of the University of Rochester in New York. Untreated, gonorrhea can lead to infertility in men and women. It also increases your risk for HIV and other STDs. Rarely, it can cause life-threatening blood infections.

Urgent Threat: Clostridium difficile (C. diff)

What is it? It’s a type of bacteria that can live in your intestines. Usually, it does no harm. But some things can cause it to overgrow, triggering serious problems.

How do you get it? Most people who get a C. diff infection are getting medical care. The biggest risk factor is taking antibiotics. While antibiotics may cure the bacteria that are making you sick, the drugs can also knock out the healthy bacteria in your digestive tract. Then C. diff takes over.

Continued

Why is it a concern? A C. diff infection can cause life-threatening diarrhea. About 14,000 people a year die from it, most of them older adults. In severe cases, you may need surgery to remove part of the infected intestine.

Particles of the bacteria, called spores, can be left behind in bathrooms, on linens, or on clothing. They can be passed from person to person. In the past, doctors used antibiotics called fluoroquinolones to treat C. diff. But these drugs don’t always work. From 2000-2007, deaths spiked 400% when a new drug-resistant strain of C. diff appeared.

Serious Threat: Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter

What is it? It is a bacteria found in soil and water, which can also live on your skin for days. It doesn’t always make you sick. A superbug strain that doctors worry about is Acinetobacter baumannii.

How do you get it? People outside the hospital usually don’t get sick from this germ. It’s most often seen in people who are already ill and in the hospital for another reason. Having a breathing tube raises your risk.

Why is it a concern? Doctors call this a «significant» hospital germ. It «can develop antibiotic resistance more rapidly than many other bacteria,» Coombes says. It «can cause serious illness and can infect the sickest patients.» These bacteria cause dangerous lung, brain, and urinary tract infections, among others. About 12,000 people get this infection in hospitals every year. Most are resistant to multiple antibiotics.

This superbug is considered a «survivor» because it forms a protective shield against antibiotics. It is tough to treat because it can easily spread between people.

Serious Threat: MRSA

What is it? MRSA stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. It is a type of bacteria that cannot be treated with penicillin. Many healthy people have staph on their skin and in their nose and it doesn’t make them sick. But you can spread it to others.

How do you get it? This infection most often happens to people in the hospital, often after surgery. It can infect a wound and spread to surrounding tissues and your blood. But new strains have emerged outside medical settings. There have been recent concerns about MRSA outbreaks among athletes, including in schools. The bacteria can spread easily with skin-to-skin contact. Your risk is higher if you have a cut.

Why is it a concern? MRSA can cause life-threatening lung and blood infections. «MRSA is a major problem, although there are pretty good drugs to treat it now,» Calderwood says. Rates of life-threatening MRSA have been declining thanks to improvements in medical procedures.

Sources

Brian K. Coombes, PhD, Canada Research Chair in Infectious Disease Pathogenesis, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada.

Familydoctor.org: «Clostridium difficile Infection.»

CDC: «Clostridium difficile Infection.»

Stephen Calderwood, MD, president, Infectious Diseases Society of America; chief of infectious diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.

Tripathi, P. Advanced Biomedical Research, Jan. 9, 2014.

CDC: «Acinetobacter in Healthcare Settings.»

The White House: «National Action Plan For Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria.»

News release, The White House.

Eric Biondi, MD, pediatric hospitalist, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY.

CDC: «Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in Healthcare Settings.’

CDC: «Gonorrhea — CDC Fact Sheet.»

CDC: «Facts about C. diff.»

CDC: «General Information About MRSA in Healthcare Settings.»

CDC: «STDs and HIV – CDC Fact Sheet.»

Miller, K. American Family Physician,В May 15, 2006.

CDC: «Prevention Information and Advice for Athletes.»

American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: «FDA Issues Important Safety Communication: Design of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Duodenoscopes May Impede Effective Cleaning.»

www.webmd.com

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