What to Understand about Neurological Disorders in Cats
Neurological Disorders in Cats
- 1 Neurological Disorders in Cats
- 2 What Is a Neurological Disorder?
- 3 Symptoms of Neurological Disorders in Cats
- 4 Diagnosing Neurological Disorders in Cats
- 5 Causes of Neurological Disorders
- 6 Treatment
- 7 Neurological Disorders Caused by Brain Tumors
- 8 How to Prevent Neurological Disorders
- 9 How are flea and tick drops effective and effective for cats?
- 10 Operating principle
- 11 Rules of application
- 12 The best drops, their characteristic
- 13 Unforeseen situations after use
- 14 How to notice outdoor parasites in cats
- 15 How does the protection against fleas and ticks in the form of drops applied to the pet’s skin
- 16 How to use drops on withers
- 17 Reviews on the use of drops on withers
As a cat owner, it is frightening to see your beloved feline suffer from a seizure or other neurological episode. Yet, neurological disorders can occur in cats, just as they can in humans. In fact, similar to humans, a cat’s central nervous system works with a complex network of nerves to send messages to the body. The brain sends signals through the spinal cord, that then travel to the nerves, telling organs and muscles how to function. When something in the body interferes with these signals, a variety of problems can occur. Some neurological diseases can be treated or managed with medicines, and others with surgery.
What Is a Neurological Disorder?
Neurological disorders result from a disruption to your cat’s nervous system. If the issue is in the brain, seizures may be present. However, an infection in the spinal cord may result in an unsteady gait, problems with limb functioning, or complete paralysis. A disruption of nerves can affect almost any part of your cat’s body including its face, mouth, legs, or paws. And since the nervous system affects most of your cat’s major bodily functions, issues with balance, speech (meowing), eating, urinating, and defecating can also be present if there is a neurological issue present.
Symptoms of Neurological Disorders in Cats
A large range of symptoms can accompany a neurological disease, depending on the lesion’s location and cause. However, a cat can’t tell you if she’s dizzy, disoriented, or depressed, so looking for physical representations of distress is crucial in diagnosis. First, there are obvious symptoms like seizures, sudden blindness, an inability to walk or walking with a drunken gait (ataxia), or even partial or full paralysis of the face or limb(s). Things like muscle twitching or tremors may be harder to spot and might require spending some quiet time studying your feline friend. Take note if your cat is acting disoriented or confused, has abnormally rapid eye movements (nystagmus), has a head tilt, or starts walking in circles, as this could be a sign of something serious. And if you notice any of these signs, call your veterinarian to schedule an immediate examination.
Diagnosing Neurological Disorders in Cats
A complete neurological evaluation must be conducted at a vet’s office. First, your veterinarian will ask about your cat’s medical history. Then, he/she will perform a comprehensive physical examination. This includes checking your cat’s reflexes, inspecting its eyes, and assessing its pain. In many cases, the vet will also want to watch your cat move around.
Your vet may recommend additional diagnostics, like lab work, based on the outcome of the physical examination. A complete blood count, blood chemistry, and urinalysis may be ordered, and a thyroid test can rule out feline hyperthyroidism, which can sometimes present itself with mild neurological signs. Your vet may want to check for high blood pressure, too.
Radiographs (x-rays) of the limbs and spine can reveal obvious issues, like spinal trauma or large tumors in the body. Still, if your vet is unable to determine the exact cause of the symptoms, you may be referred to a veterinary neurologist who will review the findings and possibly recommend more complex imaging such as an MRI or a CT scan to check for tumors, inflammation, or other abnormalities. A cerebral spinal fluid tap may also be ordered, which allows for microscopic analysis of the fluid around the spine, potentially revealing the presence of infection, blood, and other abnormal cells.
Causes of Neurological Disorders
Sometimes, a vet’s examination, combined with a few diagnostic tests, will unveil the cause of your cat’s neurological dysfunction. In addition to tumors and infection, certain toxins can also affect the nervous system. Infectious diseases like FIV, FeLV, or FIP can cause neurologic symptoms, too, as can some metabolic diseases.
Treating neurological disorders in cats starts with diagnosing the disorder, and care varies greatly based on the diagnosis.
- Treating seizure disorders: Seizures—sudden episodes of abnormal electrical activity in the brain—usually involve some loss of body control, such as twitching, convulsing, and involuntary urination/defecation. Cats may have seizures for a variety of reasons but when advanced diagnostics reveal no exact cause, the cat is usually diagnosed with epilepsy, typically managed with medication. If your cat has epilepsy, it’s important to communicate with your vet regularly and return for follow-up visits after starting a treatment protocol. It’s important to understand there is no treatment for epilepsy, only medical management.
- Treating meningitis and encephalitis: Meningitis, inflammation of the membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord, and encephalitis, inflammation of the brain, are usually caused by infection (bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic). These two conditions may occur at the same time (meningoencephalitis), and in some cases can signal a problem with a cat’s immune system. Treatment includes the use of corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and alter the immune system. Antibiotics, antifungals, or antiparasitic drugs are also used when indicated. Supportive care can include fluid administration, pain management, and nutritional supplements.
- Treating vestibular disease: Vestibular disease occurs when there is pressure on the nerves that control the vestibular system in the ear canals, often causing vertigo in cats. Cats may seem drunk or dizzy, tilt their head, or show rapid abnormal eye movements. A major ear infection or tumor can lead to vestibular dysfunction, or meningitis, encephalitis, or meningoencephalitis could be the culprit. Treatment depends on the actual cause of the dysfunction. If an ear infection is present, your cat may need ear drops and oral medications. Supportive care is given when needed.
- Treating cognitive dysfunction: Cognitive dysfunction, or dementia, is most commonly seen in senior cats. Cats with dementia seem to «forget» how to use the litter box, where the food bowl is, and how to navigate through the house. There is no cure for cognitive dysfunction, but some medications and nutritional supplements can slow its progression.
- Treating Intervertebral Disc Disease: Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD), or disc herniation, involves the inflammation or displacement of spinal discs, which ultimately put pressure on the spinal cord, leading to pain and possible paralysis. Though more common in dogs, IVDD can sometimes occur in cats. In mild cases (when the pet can still walk), vets may try an approach that includes rest, anti-inflammatory drugs, and muscle relaxants. Surgery is often the only treatment for severe cases.
- Treating hyperesthesia syndrome: Rarely diagnosed, this condition may affect a relatively large number of cats and is sometimes called rippling skin disorder. Feline hyperesthesia is often mistaken for a reaction to being pet along the back, when the skin may appear to ripple or twitch. The cat will suddenly scratch or overgroom the area and have a sudden burst of energy, causing it to act abnormally. Hyperesthesia syndrome is not considered serious and may stem from stress and anxiety. Treatment usually involves environmental changes that reduce anxiety.
Neurological Disorders Caused by Brain Tumors
Brain tumors can spark a myriad of issues like seizures, incoordination, blindness, and behavioral changes. Clinical signs depend heavily on the size and location of the tumor. Benign tumors called meningiomas can often be removed with surgery and cats with operable meningiomas usually live normal lives after tumor removal. Without surgical removal, however, this type of tumor may expand, leading to more neurological dysfunction.
Malignant brain tumors also occur in cats. The prognosis for this type of tumor is not good. Palliative care can help.
How to Prevent Neurological Disorders
Many neurological disorders aren’t preventable, but maintaining a healthy lifestyle keeps any cat in tip-top shape. Feed your cat a high-quality food throughout adulthood. Allow it ample space to romp, play, and exercise. And always give your cat love and attention.
How are flea and tick drops effective and effective for cats?
Modern insecticides with improved composition are not only effective in the fight against ticks and fleas, but also safe for the animals’ bodies: the preparations have no contraindications and in rare cases cause side effects. Cat owners prefer products that need to be applied to the skin, since this treatment method causes the least stress in fluffy pets. The most popular method of therapy is drops at the withers, and pills are also used.
Remedies for blood-sucking insects are available in various forms: tablets, collars, sprays, shampoos, lotions, drops, injections. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. The most convenient and easy to use drops from fleas and ticks, which are applied to the animal on the withers. The principle of action of the drug is its accumulation in the sebaceous glands under the skin, and then ingestion, along with the blood sucked by the parasite, into his body. An insecticide, once in the digestive tract of an insect, acts on its nerve endings and causes paralysis.
Insecticides in drops are used in healthy adult cats and cats. In order not to harm the pet’s skin, it is necessary to check if there are wounds, cuts, irritation, traces of bites on it. Place the drug should be clean and dry. Drops from fleas and ticks for cats are applied to the withers, as this is the most inaccessible place for the cat’s tongue, and the animal will not be able to lick them.
The most popular tools are:
- 1. Counsel (combination of imidacloprid and moxidectin) — from external and internal parasites.
- 2. Vitomax — a natural drug that destroys fleas, relieves irritation and itching of the skin.
- 3. Bars (Russian-made) — based on fipronil, has low toxicity, rarely causes a side effect, is produced separately for kittens.
- 4. Hartz (active ingredient — methoprene) — destroys not only adult insects, but also the larvae, eggs.
- 5. Celandine — drops against fleas and ticks based on a combination of fipronil and permethrin.
- 6. Advantage (active substance — imidacloprid) — from fleas, lashing jaws and lice.
- 7. Beafar — has in its composition a natural ingredient, obtained from a tropical plant neem, possessing high effectiveness in the fight against ticks, fleas, and lice.
- 8. Stronghold (active ingredient — Selamectin) — relevant for severe infection, acts on the eggs of insects, destroys fleas and scabies mites.
After treatment with the drug, the cat must be isolated from children and other animals for a day, and it must be ensured that during this time it does not lick itself in order to avoid an insecticide entering the digestive tract.
Virtually any drug used to kill fleas and ticks is an insecticide (or a mixture of them). Most often, the composition of droplets includes the following poisonous substances for insects:
Many of these poisons are not only destructive for ectoparasites, but also have an unpleasant odor, acting as repellents. Drops, as a rule, are a universal anti-parasitic agent with a deterrent effect.
The main principle of how flea drops for cats work is as follows:
- when processing the skin of an animal, the sebaceous glands, hair follicles, the upper layers of the epidermis are saturated with an insecticide,
- parasites these substances have a contact neurotoxic effect, blocking nerve impulses, leading to paralysis and death.
The duration of the antiparasitic effect is due to the creation of an insecticide depot in the sebaceous glands.
The extent to which the flea drops for cats act depends largely on the composition of the preparation. Soft drops “Stronghold”, “Front Line Spot It” protect the pet from fleas and ticks for 21-30 days. Such drops as “Celandine”, which include fipronil and permethrin, last longer — up to 2 months, which is caused by a pronounced insecticidal action.
Rules of application
Having made a choice in favor of using the drip form of insecticide to control and prevent ectoparasites, the owner does not always have an idea where to drop fleas from a cat flea. Manufacturers of antiparasitic drugs, veterinary experts strongly recommend applying the drug on the withers of the animal. This place is not available for licking, and the risk of insecticide ingestion in the pet’s body will be minimized. It is also important to understand that the drug is applied not to the animal’s hair, but to the skin.
Drops from fleas and ticks are applied to the skin dosed. To avoid poisoning and intoxication, before putting the drops from fleas, the cat must be weighed and calculate the number of drops according to the instructions for the preparation.
As a rule, manufacturers place the drops in special plastic blisters resembling syringes. This facilitates the use of an insecticide. For the treatment of a pet, spread the coat on the withers and apply a certain amount of drops on the skin. It is important that the skin is dry and free from damage. Rub the drug should not be. After processing, you must refrain from swimming, walking an animal in the rain for 48 hours. You should also limit contact with the treated pet children, the sick and the elderly.
On how often to drop drops from fleas, depends primarily on the type of drug used. The main part of manufacturers guarantees an effective deterrent and destructive effect of their funds for 30 days. Popular drops “Stronghold” of foreign production are guaranteed to protect the pet from fleas and ticks for a period of 30 days. Thus, drops of “Frontline Spot It” will provide the necessary protective effect against fleas for 2 months, and against ixodic ticks — for 21 days. Such drops as “Celandine” and “Bars” act longer, up to 2 months.
The best drops, their characteristic
In the pet market, flea and tick drops for cats are widely represented by both domestic and foreign manufacturers. Among them, the following means are popular and deserved attention:
- “Stronghold”. The drug has a broad spectrum of action against cat fleas, ixodid and ear mites, helminths. To protect your pet, a single treatment per month is enough. Not applicable to kittens younger than 6 weeks of age. May be recommended for pregnant and lactating cats after consulting a veterinary specialist.
- “Front Line Spot It”. Means on the basis of fipronil, effectively protects against ticks for 21 days, against fleas — 60 days. A feature of the drug is its safety when applied to pregnant and lactating cats. Do not use «Front Line» kittens under the age of 2 months.
- «Inspector». There are two active substances in this agent — moxidectin and fipronil. Protection against fleas and ticks is carried out for 1 month. Even before applying flea drops for cats, the instructions should be read very carefully. For example, the drug “Inspector” is used only from 7 months of age. Not recommended for pregnant and lactating cats.
- «Celandine». Flea and tick droplets are based on the combined action of two insecticides, fipronil and permethrin. The tool is highly effective against cat fleas and ticks. Do not use «Celandine» for the treatment of productive animals and young animals under 2 months.
- «Leopard». Affordable and inexpensive product of domestic production. The active ingredient is fipronil. Not recommended for productive animals and kittens younger than 2.5 months. As well as “Celandine”, it is effective for 60 days.
- “Natura — DELIX BIO”. Drops of a wide spectrum of action from ectoparasites are appointed from 4 weeks of age. Can be used for pregnant and lactating cats, as they contain only vegetable components (essential oils). Protect the animal from fleas and ixodic ticks for 1 month.
The most popular and effective drops from fleas and ticks in cats
Even an experienced veterinary specialist finds it difficult to say which flea drops are better for cats. The efficacy and safety of the use of a tool depends on factors such as the degree of invasion, the tendency to allergies, compliance with the rules of treatment, the individual characteristics of the animal, etc. When choosing drops, it is important to take into account the physiological state of the nursery. If the cat is pregnant or is feeding the kittens, then the choice of an insecticidal drug should be considered carefully, since not all drops from ectoparasites are suitable for a productive animal.
Unforeseen situations after use
There are situations when a cat itches after flea drops. In this case, if the animal was severely affected by cat fleas, then this behavior may be due to excessive ectoparasite activity. Under the influence of insecticidal drugs, blood-sucking insects become more aggressive and bite the cat more actively. As a rule, after 12 to 24 hours, the parasites die, and the animal stops itching.
If a cat has developed flea dermatitis at the time of application of the drops, the animal will itch for some time after treatment. This is due to the fact that an allergic reaction to a flea bite does not go so quickly.
Many owners are concerned that the cat licked flea drops. Often it turns out that despite all the precautions taken, the nimble pet still managed to lick the drops. Do not immediately panic. Many antiparasitic agents are based on the use of insecticides safe for animals: fipronile, permetrine. Substances, penetrating the pet’s stomach quickly split and do not enter the blood. Therefore, poisoning a cat with flea drops is a rare phenomenon.
But if the animal has an individual intolerance to one of the components of the drug or a tendency to allergies, then the fact that the cat has had drops can have serious consequences.
Drops from fleas and ticks for cats are one of the effective forms of application of insecticidal and acaricidal drugs in the fight against ectoparasites. Among the variety of products produced by domestic and foreign manufacturers it is easy to find an effective antiparasitic agent for pregnant and lactating cats, young animals, and adult animals. Compliance with the processing rules specified in the instructions will ensure not only efficiency, but also safety for the pet.
A few nuances of how fleas reproduce in cats and the peculiarities of their vital activity. . From it you will learn about the signs of a parasite in a pet, effective means for getting rid of fleas, such as shampoos, drops on.
For example, the flea collar “Chistotel” for cats already affected by blood-sucking insects is ineffective. The animal should be treated with shampoo, drops.
Drops from fleas and ticks for cats: where to drip, how often. How to clean the cat’s ears at home than it is. How to remove a tick from a cat: how to remove it.
How to notice outdoor parasites in cats
To notice the external parasites in the cat is easy with regular care for the fur of the animal. If you walk along it with a frequent comb, and tiny black-brown grains remain on it — this is nothing but a flea feces in the form of undigested cat blood.
Crawling and biting the parasites cause itching and scratching leading to the development of dermatitis. The most common parasites are fleas, and they should be sought primarily at the base of the ears, on the neck and groin. If your pet is allergic to flea bites, the number of scratches will increase and may cause ulcers and irritations. The cat will always be in a painful state and, if you do not fight against insects, it is only aggravated with time.
The appearance of external parasites can indicate the behavior of the pet — it begins to itch behind the ear, and behaves restlessly for no apparent reason.
The size of the tick is larger, and you will be able to detect it upon careful examination and stroking of the animal. In short-haired breeds, it will stand out on a fur coat, and the long hair will have to be moved apart by hand.
It is easier to detect the blood of the tick on the cat’s skin, even under long hair.
There are several ways to remove this parasite from the pet’s skin, but if you find a tick in hard-to-reach places: under the eyelid, on the lip, in the anus, it is best to go to the veterinary clinic right away.
How does the protection against fleas and ticks in the form of drops applied to the pet’s skin
Currently, the veterinary pharmacy is a variety of means to protect domestic animals from external parasites. These include:
- special shampoos,
- drops on withers,
- flea collars,
- injection solutions,
Each of these methods has its advantages and disadvantages. Among them, the means in the form of drops is distinguished by its simplicity of use and the effectiveness of the result. You just put a few drops of the remedy on the cat’s withers (so that she cannot lick the drug), massage the place a little, and your pet gets protection for quite a long time (from thirty to sixty days).
Putting drops is not very difficult, they do not irritate the skin of the pet and do not give him discomfort.
How do drops on withers
Drops on the withers are composed of chemical compounds that are insecticides (to combat fleas) or acaricides (against ticks). The principle of the drug is as follows:
- After the external application of the drug to the skin, it is absorbed and distributed throughout the skin, concentrating in the sebaceous glands and hair follicles, without falling into other organs and blood.
- Parasites on the skin, when bitten by an animal, receive an impact of a neurotoxic nature. They fall into a state of paralysis and die.
Chemically active substances in such preparations can be:
- permethrin — insecticide and acaricide, used in medicines not only for animals, but also for humans (for pediculosis, scabies),
- Phenotrin and etofenprox — as well as permethrin, are synthetic substances that act on the nervous system of insects and cause paralysis in them,
- Imidacloprid (artificial analogue of tobacco) — affects only fleas, does not destroy ticks,
- fipronil is an insecticide and acaricide, it is used both to protect plants and to treat domestic animals from ectoparasites, it affects the conductivity of nerve signals in the body of arthropods, which leads to their paralysis, but it does not affect the nervous system of an animal,
- pyriprol is an analogue of fipronil,
- diazinon (phosphorus-containing insecticide) — this drug is characterized by fast action and the ability to destroy not only adult parasites, but also their other forms, unfortunately, many animals are allergic to this substance.
In addition to insecticides, various essential oils are part of many preparations for applying to the skin. They are completely safe, but have only a deterrent effect and reduce the risk of re-infection.
Drops on the withers are low-toxic and can be used not only for adult animals, but also for kittens from two to two and a half months (age must be taken into account because babies have not yet fully formed the protection of the body from toxic substances).
Among the preparations of this type of protection, BioVax indicated the youngest kitten age, safe for use — four weeks. But comparative diagnostics in this area was not carried out.
For ease of use, drops are packaged in a pipette. One pipette is usually sufficient for a single use on a cat of average weight (the volume of the preparation applied to the skin depends on the weight of the animal). For large cats, you may need several servings, and a kitten will be enough and half.
Drops on withers are sold in the form of pipettes, the instructions always provide data on what weight of the animal is calculated one portion
How to use drops on withers
The use of this drug is not difficult and is easy to carry out at home. It is necessary to follow only the main recommendations:
- A cat is not washed for several days before applying the drops so that a layer of sebum (sebum) forms on the skin. It serves as protection, its presence will reduce the likelihood of local allergic reactions.
- It is required to apply the drops directly on the animal’s skin so that your pet cannot lick them (therefore, choose the back of the head and the upper part of the back to the shoulder blades) as a place of application.
- The skin at the site of application should be dry and without any damage.
- To speed up the process of absorption, the skin can be lightly massaged.
- If drops accidentally get into an animal’s eye, rinse immediately with running water.
- If your cat is heavy, application is made in several places along the spine, it is also possible on the head between the ears. В этом случае, чтобы обезопасить животное, придётся на несколько часов надеть ему специальный воротничок на шею (некоторые владельцы кошек предлагают закрыть питомца в переноске, где у него не будет возможности полизать спину).
- После нанесения капель кошку также несколько дней (не более трёх) не купают, чтобы средство полностью усвоилось организмом.
Условия безопасности при использовании капель на холку
Препарат малотоксичный, но его неправильное применение может привести к отравлению животного. Some components (essential oils, fipronil) have a strong odor, which can cause aversion of the drug from the animal.
- Most flea drops contain insecticides, and it is undesirable to get them on human skin and mucous membranes. During the procedure it is better to use gloves and then wash hands thoroughly.
- After such treatment, the first two days should not allow small children to communicate with animals.
- To prevent poisoning of the animal, strictly follow the instructions when determining the amount of the drug, never use the tools after the expiration of the shelf life.
- You can not use the drops on the withers at the same time with the flea collar and other means of combating parasites, it can cause insecticide poisoning.
- If there are several animals in your house, do not allow them to be in the same room, as they can lick the wool from each other.
- When signs of poisoning appear (which is very rare), give the cat a large amount of clean water and bathe to remove the product from the coat. In the absence of improvement, you must contact the veterinary clinic.
Symptoms of poisoning after applying drops to withers can be:
- the restless state of the animal,
- fast breathing
- intensive salivation,
- muscle tremors
- vomiting and diarrhea.
The instructions for applying drops to the withers are always prescribed restrictions:
- do not apply to animals suffering from infectious diseases,
- Do not use for weak animals or those weighing less than one kilogram (except for special preparations developed for kittens),
- For lactating or pregnant cats, treatment should be carried out only under the supervision of a veterinarian.
The term of realization of this product depends on the manufacturer and is usually two to three years.
If you purchased the product in more quantities than needed for one animal treatment, do not forget about the rules of storage:
- open preparation is not subject to storage, if you used only half a pipette to treat the kitten, the rest must be disposed of,
- funds are stored at a positive temperature (in the range from zero to twenty-five degrees) in a dark place at normal humidity,
- it is a toxic drug and is not recommended to be stored near food,
- The drug must not be available to children.
Table: the most popular brands of insect and mite droplets
- ixodic ticks.
- polyethylene glycol,
- diethylene glycol monoethyl ether.
Auxiliary substances are:
- isopropyl alcohol,
- twin 80,
- polyethylene glycol 400.
- propylene glycol,
- dimethyl sulfoxide.
Reviews on the use of drops on withers
My cats in August enjoyed wonderful weather in the country. And nothing would darken their happy tumbling in the grass if it were not for the fleas that appeared. Since they had never had a flea before, the seals were itching mercilessly and parasitic dermatitis began. To cure a skin disease caused by flea bites, it was necessary to first remove these bloodsuckers. In the pet store, I chose Beafar. Droplets are applied to cats at the withers, since there they can not get their tongue — lick. I did everything according to the instructions. Probably due to the fact that the drops are made up of oils, the fur seal on the seals immediately devoured the hair on the neck. Pooh began to look careless. Well, I think the next day will take its proper form. But the next and several days the cats walked with a greasy neck, it looked ugly and it was not pleasant to iron. And the most interesting is that the fleas did not disappear even after a week. And again, drops can not be applied earlier than after 4 weeks, so my blohastika had to suffer and languish from scabies for another month. Then he brought another means.
AVZ “Bars” insecticidal and carnivore drops for cats from ticks, fleas, lice, lashes and other biting insects were purchased by our husband for our cat, who recently discovered fleas. We categorically do not want to use the collar, firstly because it’s our home, it doesn’t go out into the street, respectively, fleas appear very rarely, and secondly it’s wild and all the extraneous objects on the body immediately try to rip off. A consultant at a pet store offered us droplets on the withers “Bars”, which we purchased in the amount of one capsule. One such capsule costs 87 rubles. Droplets are applied strictly on the withers of your pet, so that he could not lick the drug. I put the cat on my lap, began to push the fur in the area from the head, withers and to the shoulder blades (below it is not necessary, since the cat can already get and lick the drops). At first, the cat liked the procedure, but as soon as I opened the capsule, Martin seemed to be suspicious and began to show signs of anxiety. Therefore it was necessary to apply the preparation rather quickly on the prepared “parting” on the skin. The smell of the drug is unpleasant, it is generally felt, but I would say that it is not very sharp. According to the instructions included in the package, we did not allow the child a day (even a little more, just in case) until the drug was fully absorbed. In terms of effect, I can say that for several days, even more than a week, even after the droplets were applied, our cat actively scratched itself, which means that the fleas were still not in a hurry to leave it. In our thick wool it is quite difficult to see something, since my cat is Persian. The instructions that I did not like, do not indicate the expected time in which insects should disappear, there are marks only in relation to ticks, but not fleas. But then, after only two weeks, several times I took a cat quite thoroughly to examine the cat, at first the products of vital activity of these parasites were still observed, then it seemed that they had disappeared, much to our happiness and the cat! Therefore, I can also recommend to others this remedy for fleas in cats as good.
I have been buying “Bars Forte” from fleas for the past 2 years, first I bought for kittens, when the cat grew older I started taking it for cats. My kitty doesn’t walk on the street, so I do not process it often, about once every 3 months. For all the time I have not found a single flea on the cat! Tell me where they come from, if the cat is home? Well, we can bring any parasite on our shoes, and our pet will pick it up, especially cats run around in the stairwell. Mom’s cat runs on the street, communicates with other cats and cats, had fleas naturally, treated it with this tool, jumping parasites were quickly destroyed). This remedy I like not only for its healing, but also for its protective function. No need to wear a cat collar (not all cats like it, and it stinks). And also these drops protect cats from ixodic ticks for up to 1 month (this is more important for cats, who walk outside). In addition, Bars Forte protects pets from lice and lashing, as well as treats the diseases that these parasites transmit. The tool is very convenient to use, applied to the withers, along the spine. Here in this dropper there is a drug: The edge is easily cut off with scissors. This time the drops had a pleasant smell, reminiscent of something limnon-flowered, and last time there was some kind of horrible smell. I do not even know why. Before that, the smell was always normal. My cat does not resist when I put drops on her skin. And after applying behaves normally. There were no side effects. Anyone who has a cat, I recommend this tool.
My Busya is so clean, he has never seen the light, but . she loves to play with the dog Asya very much. Dachshund forever wanders around somewhere and of course sometimes it will bring you home tenants. As a result, it is necessary to carry out prevention for all. Bought on the occasion of the new drug BioVaks, this has not yet been used, usually used BARS. These are antiparasitic drops on the withers with tea tree oil and Dalmatian chamomile. Drops are made in the form of a solution for external use. The composition is placed in a vial. As part of tea tree oil and lavender, extract of Dalmatian chamomile, extract of calendula. The instructions indicate that bio-drops help not only a cat, but also have a positive effect on indoor air, bringing with it anti-fungal and antiseptic effects. This is how my cat served for almost a day as a walking air freshener. This drug is used for the first time, I do not observe any side effects. After processing, two days have passed. The fleas in the house are also no longer detected.
«Drops on withers» are an effective, proven, convenient and fairly safe means of combating external parasites in domestic animals, provided they are properly used. The resulting protection from blood-sucking insects is much higher than the small risk of allergic reactions to one or another component of protective equipment. The probability of poisoning with careful use of the drug is minimal. Therefore, these remedies can and should be used.