Types of Termites — Different Kinds of Termite Species

Types of Termites

The Three Main Types of Termites

There are about 45 different kinds of species of termites found in the U.S., each of which falls into one of the three main termite types:

Each species has unique biology and behavior that impact what part of the country they live in, where they build their nests and their likelihood to damage homes.

Subterranean Termites

Subterranean Termites belong to the family Rhinotermitidae. This species lives in the soil and builds the largest nests of any insect in the U.S. These nests are connected via mud tubes to food sources, such as trees, fence posts and structural timbers in houses. Subterranean termites, which can live in every U.S. state except Alaska, are responsible for the majority of termite damage in this country.

  • Arid-Land Subterranean
    • West Coast, Southwest, Rocky Mountain States, Midwest, and South
  • Desert Subterranean
    • Southeastern California and Southern Arizona
  • Formosan
    • South: Alabama, Florida, California, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, North Carolina, Texas, and Tennessee
  • Eastern Subterranean
    • East Coast, Southeast, Midwest, and parts of New England
  • Dark Southeastern Subterranean
    • East Coast: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina
  • Western Subterranean
    • Washington, Oregon, Idaho, California, and Nevada

Drywood Termites

Drywood Termites belong to the family Kalotermitidae and typically live in wood, such as dead trees, structural timbers or hardwood floors. Unlike subterranean termites, drywood termites do not require contact with soil. Some drywood termite species can cause significant damage to homes. However, drywood termite colonies tend to be smaller than subterranean termite colonies, so they typically cause damage at a slower rate than subterranean termites.

  • Western Drywood
    • Southwest: Arizona and California
  • Southeastern Drywood
    • South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas
  • Desert Drywood
    • Arizona and Southeastern California

Dampwood Termites

Dampwood Termites belong to the families family Kalotermitidae and Hodotermitidae and live in wood with high moisture content. Most dampwood termites do not require contact with the soil. Dampwood termites are rarely found in homes or other man-made structures, since wood in these structures typically does not have enough moisture.


Termite Control Methods

In order to identify a subterranean termite infestation, pest control professionals perform inspections and may employ monitoring stations. These are placed within soil with suspected infestations. After highly active areas are located, bait stations replace monitoring stations. Bait stations contain slow-acting baits that worker termites bring back and feed to the other members of their colonies. In time, several generations within a colony will be killed.

While bait stations are one effective way to treat entire infestations and impact the colony, their results may not be rapid enough to cope with areas experiencing extremely dense populations and severe damage. Conventional liquid insecticides may be used to address problem areas.

Control of termites also involves homeowner assistance by reducing possible termite food sources such as woodpiles and addressing moisture sources. Homeowners may be asked to repair plumbing or roof leaks. This is an important step in controlling an existing infestation as well as preventing future ones.

It is best to employ a variety of pest control methods when addressing a termite infestation. Contact your local pest control professional to discuss your options.

Termite Control

Learn the signs to look for to determine if you might have a termite infestation.

Termites cost Americans more than $5 billion in damage each year and most insurance plans don’t cover the damage.

We’ll determine whether you actually have termites, then discuss a treatment plan including financing that works for you.

Learn what to expect from your Orkin Man and the AIM process.


How to Get Rid of Termites in Mulch

The maintenance of the garden plot, where you grow fruit, berries and vegetables, must include some activities to protect plants from bad weather conditions and to provide special nutrition for them.

Moreover, if the garden is not very big, and it is located far from the busy city, it is better to use hand-made mulch. Mulch is a “material” simply made of weed, leaves, straw, manure or even the processed products.

All this stuff should have lots of nutrients for soil. Mulching is the best way to keep plants healthy and to have a rich harvest.

Besides, in addition to this important function of mulch there is another one: it can be used as a replacement for the lawn grass. In this role it will be a material to stop weed’s growth, to retain moisture in soil and to regulate ground’s temperature.

Does Wood Mulch Attract Termites?

Mulch seems to be the irreplaceable element in the garden.

Nevertheless, there are always some pros and cons. Helping to maintain the garden area, it can become attractive for termites.

Termites are eusocial insects that form colonies. These pests eat cellulose and wood, having an invisible existence.

It makes them “silent killers”: they appear in the area where wood is in contact with soil and eat everything wooden they can find.

How to fight termites in cedar, redwood or bark mulch?

How to Act If You Have Discovered These Pests in Mulch in Your Garden?

To discover termites is not as easy as a pie: these insects live “under cover” and are very mobile as they can build tunnels in wood from one place to another (this increase the area infected with termites and make it difficult to exterminate the pests). However, if you managed to discover the problem, it is time to act.

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There are two ways to solve the problem – to call the professional or to become the expert of termite’s extermination. They say the second variant is for those who do not look for easy ways. Nevertheless, it is not a problem if you know what to do.

If the problem is outside the house, there is a big chance to get rid of “uninvited quests”. The first thing to do is to destroy all stumps and rotten wood that is possible to find in the yard. They are the most attractive food for termites.

In the list of unwelcome things here is wooden mulch. Being the real feast for insects it can be taken as far as possible from the building in order to prevent pests’ spread there.

Termites’ Extermination in Mulch – Where to Start?

Home-made mulch can be made of anything; however, it is more common to have mulch from cellulose, for example, from tree barks and wood chips. That is why it is a potentially dangerous area as it attracts insects.

The first variant and, probably, the best way to get rid of termites in mulch is to impregnate its components with a borate salt (an important boron component, a salt of boric acid and a mineral).

Being in a contact with soil, this material, placed near a termites’ colony, will cause insects’ extermination. Another positive effect of this method is a fact that it is not dangerous for nature.

Another working method without considerable harm is changing the temperature of the infected surface. Using the liquid nitrogen (nitrogen in a liquid state with an extremely low temperature) you can make the temperature lower, and making the fire on the area of termites’ colony will make the temperature rise.

This drastic change of thermal conditions will become murderous for insects in mulch. These two ways will help in the struggle with termites when they become “uninvited quests” in your garden plot.

Methods of Termites’ Extermination

If you are looking for other organic and effective methods of killing the insects “settled” in your yard, pay attention to this list.

These ways of cleaning the garden from pests can be useful as they are less harmful comparing with poisonous methods and more available for people who get used to solve problems by themselves, using improved means.

Flood the soil

You can get rid of insects, creating an inundation in the region infected with pests. Termites require moist conditions but they are not used to live in water, that’s why this variant can be effective. The advantage of this method is the availability of tool – every person has a water hose in the garden plot.

Use nematodes

The use of nematodes (small warms that are natural parasites to garden pests) is an effective way to solve the problem. These warms regulate bacterial composition by eating up to 5000 bacteria every minute.

Use insecticides and foams

Another good variant is to use professional remedies for pests’ extermination. Such means of “struggle” with termites are proven, effective and working.

Install baits or traps with boric acid

Baits with boric acid attract termites and slowly kill the entire colony through poisoning.

Here you can learn more information about termite bait systems: Advance, Green, CSIRO, Nemesis, Exterra, Firstline, Terminate. Also find out how to make baits by yourself and how to refill them?

Dig deeply

If you dig soil deeply, you can destroy colonies of pests. However, destroying is not killing. That is why this method can help you to prolong the time while you are looking for the effective remedy.

The Best Way to Struggle with Pests Is Not to Have Them

It is easy and less problematic to avoid termites than to look for the good method to kill them. That is why in order not to have problems with insects in your garden follow these pieces of advice:

  1. Use coconut, sand, decorative stone or rubber mulch instead of wooden one: it does not have cellulose so it will not attract insects in your garden.
  2. If you plan to make mulch, choose its location in the area far from your house. So, even in case you have insects, they will not move to your building in search of “food”.
  3. If you are choosing a house to buy or to build, give preference to a building with basement. Advice: stony basement will protect your house from “uninvited guests” which like wood.

Mulch does not cause insects’ invasion. It has a decorative and weed control purpose, so it can be indispensable in the garden plot.

In case the area was infected by termites, remember: it is remediable. You can always use advice given here or ask for professional help.

Useful articles

If you interested in more information of termites we recommend you to read the following articles:

Termites’ Invasion Can Be Suppressed

Termite foraging can be terrible as these insects can make tunnels in search of cellulose and eat everything from wood they can find.

But it does not mean that the use of mulch in your yard or garden is forbidden.

If you undertake measures to prevent insects’ invasion and are aware of methods to get rid of them, termites’ existence cannot stop you from getting your dream – a wonderful decorated yard or a marvelous garden full of different trees and plants.


Termite Treatment Cost Guide For 2019 | Cost For Termite Control

No one ever wants to have to deal with termites, especially considering the cost. In 2019 the average termite treatment cost is $525, but can range from $217 all the way up to $2,500. Prices vary depending on the kind of treatment you need, as well as the type of termites infesting your home. In this article, find a breakdown of the cost and kind of treatment needed to get rid of these pesky insects.

Average Termite Inspection Cost

There are signs for you to watch for if you think you might have termites. Winged termites almost always prove that there is a termite problem. Termites swarm in the spring with the warmer temperatures and more frequent rainfall. After the swarming period ends, winged termites fall to the ground, lose their wings and start looking for mates.

Other signs are pellet shaped brown droppings in small piles. Also mounds of sawdust around floorboards or baseboards or mounds of shed wings. A hollow sound when wood is tapped, or if walls appear to be sunken or rippled in appearance.

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A home inspection is necessary to determine what the best type of termite treatment needs to be used.

Depending on the location and the size of the infested area, the cost of inspection may vary. Some professionals might conduct a termite inspection for free. The average termite inspection cost runs about $120 , but other professionals may charge up to $350 for the inspection.

Pros will check for termites in crawl spaces, basements, floors, windows, overhead timber, behind appliances, door frames, inside cabinets and closets, corners of the rooms and attic.

A written estimate should include what the specific problem is, and the type of treatment recommended for that problem. You’ll learn how many treatments will be needed and how often, as well as which chemicals will be used and any potential hazards of them. You’ll also find out if the company will provide a warranty against any infestations in the future and how long the warranty is good for.

Average Termite Treatment Cost

The average cost of termite treatment depends on several conditions, such as, how large the area is that will need to be treated. Cost also depends on if the structure is in a dry area, or a damp area which will encourage termites to set up colonies. It will also depend on how extensive the infestation is and what type and the number of treatments needed.

Cost for a limited application termite treatment can range from $217 to $868, or $3 to $16 a linear foot. The total cost for termite treatment depends on how severe the infestation is and the linear footprint of the structure.

Types of Termite Treatments & Their Costs

There are several factors which contribute to the cost of termite treatments. This includes where the treatment area is located, how severe the infestation is, how knowledgeable the termite professional is, and what method of treatment is going to be used. Here are the different types of treatments you can get:


This type of treatment is used when there are termites throughout the entire house. The house is enclosed in a tent after which lethal gas is pumped in. It takes several hours to complete the process. All residents, pets and any houseplants have to leave for 3 to 5 days. The cost is $10 to $20 per linear foot which comes to about $1,200 to $2,500 for an average size home .

Chemical Treatments

This approach is used for termite infestations that haven’t entered the home. Trenches or drilled holes are created around the exterior of the house, most often into the foundation. The professional termite exterminator will pour liquid chemicals in these trenches or holes. Treatment will discontinue when all termite activity ceases. The cost of chemical treatment is about $3 to $16 a linear foot.

Heat Extermination Treatment

Heat treatment is sometimes preferred by homeowners because it’s organic, chemical-free pest control. It can be used in a smaller space such as a bedroom, attic, or basement, or for the entire house. The process takes about 8 hours and has several steps to it. First, the home is enclosed within a tent to control the internal temperature. Then hot air is forced inside until it reaches 150 degrees Fahrenheit. The home’s structural wood temperature is monitored until 120 degrees Fahrenheit is reached. At that temperature it will eliminate the termite colonies and their activities. After the inside temperature returns to normal, the tent is taken down the homeowners are permitted to return home. The cost for heat treatment is between $800 to $2,500, or about $10 per linear foot.

Cost by Type of Termite or Infestation

The cost of termite treatment can also be affected by the type of termite it is and the size of the infestation.

Drywood Termites

Drywood termites thrive in dry wood and are mostly found in the coastal and southern areas, particularly in Texas, Florida, California, and Louisiana. These types of termites create large tunnels that are connected by small tunnels. Some termite removal professionals will drill holes in the wood and installs a chemical gel or foam or a bait station to kill the termites. Treatment for drywood termites can average from $218 to $2,500 depending on what method is used for elimination and the location of the nest. If tenting is needed for large colonies, cost could be between $1,200 or $2,500 or even more.

Dampwood Termites

This type of termite lives in moist wood and homes that have high humidity need moisture control, so a recurrence doesn’t happen. The cost is from $218 to $2,500 depending on the infestation, location, and what method of extermination is used.

Subterranean Termites

These types of termites live in moist environments like soil, cellars or basements. Earth or decayed wood can house a thriving colony. They create tunnels and a grid of tubes that are visible on exposed surfaces. They’re less common in colder states although they can be found throughout the U.S. This type of termite will cause extensive damage to homes. The best treatment for these termites is baits or chemicals which are placed around the foundation or into the soil. If the termites are localized, then the cost is about $218 to $868 . If the entire home is involved, then it could cost about $2,500.

Summary & Next Steps

To get rid of termites, it calls for experience and professional knowledge. Every method used for treating termites and is different. Your exterminator will need to know all about the termite species, how severe the infestation is, what method will work, and how to eradicate the problem.

When you hire a professional pest control company, a written estimate should include how much the treatment will cost and what kind of problem there is. It should state what type of method will be used to treat the termite infestation. You’ll need to know how often the treatments will be and what chemical will be used. The termite company should go over any warnings and precautions with you. There should be a warranty and a statement of how long the warranty will last.

You need to ask how long the local exterminator has been in business. What experience and training that the technicians have and if the employees of the company are bonded.

The best way to destroy a colony of termites is to hire a professional termite exterminator.


How Termites Work

Exterminating Termites

If you discover an infestation of fleas or roaches in your home, you can often take care of it with over-the-counter products. This is not the case with a termite infestation. Although some of the chemicals that kill fleas and roaches will also kill termites, applying them to a termite infestation requires special tools and training.

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When an exterminator comes to your home, he will first verify that termites are the culprit. Other insects, including carpenter bees and some species of ants, can also damage wood homes. Some people may also mistake water damage for termite damage. An exterminator will use tools like long probes, heat sensors, sound sensors, infrared cameras, hammers and drills to look for termite damage.

If the exterminator finds conclusive signs of termites, he may use one of three treatment methods:

  • Baits are wood, cardboard or other cellulose-containing products soaked in a pesticide. Termites eat the baits and carry particles back to their nests, poisoning the rest of the colony.
  • Repellents discourage termites from entering a particular area. These can help keep termites from colonizing a new site in your home.
  • Termaticides kill the termites. Sometimes, exterminators have to pump hundreds of gallons of termaticide into termite nests in an attempt to treat the infestation. Another tactic involves applying an insecticide around the entire perimeter of the home and at every possible termite entry point. This keeps termites from getting inside, and any that are already inside usually die of dehydration.

Fortunately, it takes years for termites to do significant damage to a home. So if you discover an infestation on your property, you have time to get estimates from several exterminators. Before making a decision, find out what kind of warranty or guarantee the exterminator offers and whether you will have to pay for further treatments if the termites reappear. It’s also a good idea to contact your local cooperative extension office to learn how your state governs termite control. That way, you can make sure that the exterminator you choose is properly licensed and qualified.



Termites are known for their ability to damage wooden structures and furniture. The level of humidity in Singapore provides an ideal environment for termites to flourish in.
Termite infestation is usually not visible until the timbers are severely damaged. Although there are signs of an initial infestation, they can be difficult to spot.

Truths about termites

Termite Facts

  1. Termites are social insects that live in colonies with caste systems. Each termite has their own role and responsibility;
  2. Termites live in dark places and are blind. They communicate through pheromones (chemical signals) and vibrations caused by head-banging.
  3. When soldier termites detect a threat, they clash their mandibles together to warn the colony. Therefore, pest controllers tap on an infested area or in quiet places you may hear them.
  4. Termites build a mud trail to keep their bodies moist above ground. They will not be able to survive in the open.
  5. Singapore has one of the most destructive subterranean termite species, Coptotermes gestroi. They have caused an estimated of $40 billion worth of damages worldwide.

Signs of infestation

Visible Mud tunnels on wall

Discarded termite wings

Rattling sounds coming from the furniture / wall

Hollow pieces of wood

Preventions Advice

  1. Repair leaking faucets, water pipes and exterior AC units, as this may create a moist environment for termites.
  2. Remove dead trees, firewood and any other dead wood that can house termites.
  3. During swarming season keep your home close to prevent them from entering.
  4. For storage racks use metal instead of wood if they are left unchecked for a long time.
  5. Monitor all exterior areas of wood, including windows, doorframes and skirting boards for any noticeable changes.

Methods of Treatment

As termites are usually hidden deep under the ground or in humid places. This makes the search for the main colony near impossible. Hence we make use of their caste system and feeding habits to identify their nests.

1. Inspection

Inspection is key to detecting termites before they damage your property and furnishings. With years of experience, our termite specialists are trained to pinpoint high-risk areas, deploy monitoring stations and use thermal scanners to detect any termite activity.

2. Termite Baiting

Baiting can only be used if there are signs of termite activity. It is a slow but very effective treatment process for termites. It works as a food source for termites laced with poison, this is then consumed by the worker termites and fed to the rest of the colony. As they ingest the bait they die off over 1-2 months thus leaving the rest of the colony starving eventually leading to colony elimination.

3. Pre and post termite treatments

Our termiticides are handpicked over multiple trails to select only the premium range of NEA approve chemicals which is non-carcinogenic, environmentally friendly and safe. Termiticide is injected into the soil around the premise creating a barrier between the soil and the building which last for 5 years. The chemical will adheres to any termites that passes through the treated zone spreading it through the colony, resulting in colony eradication. A 5 years warranty is given along with this treatment.

4. What Should You Do?

It is important to seek professional advice once termite infestations are detected. They can’t be dealt with using off-the-shelf methods such as sprays and powders. As they only deal with termites on the surface and not the main colony which is key to effectively eliminating them for good. Effective termite pest control measures such as termite baiting, soil and corrective treatment require professional expertise to apply and are unavailable to regular consumers. Our NEA certified consultants are trained in the latest techniques for identification, management and prevention of termites.

Having troubles with pests?

How we can help

  1. Identify the extend of termite infestations
  2. Selection of the best type of treatment for your specific situation from a full range of dusting, baiting to soil treatment and corrective treatment
  3. Professional application of the treatment to ensure the best chance of success
  4. Follow up visits and checks to make sure infestation is cleared
  5. Advise on long-term prevention measures

Contact us, anytime.

Why Choose Us?

All-in-one quick relief from infestation

Access to professional methods unavailable to consumers

Government-registered premium grade chemicals

Specialised inspection by our professionals to get to the source of the problem

In-house R&D team constantly revise and enhance our methods

Re-treatment within warranty period at NO COST


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