The World s Most Dangerous Ants

The World’s Most Dangerous Ants

The fire ant delivers one of the most painful stings of all ants.

A redbull ant in Australia.

Ants are eusocial insects that belong to the order Hymenoptera together with bees and wasps. They evolved about 140 million years ago from wasp-like insects, and currently, over 12,500 ant species have been classified. Ants live in colonies which range in size from some few predatory individuals to highly organized colonies made up of millions of individuals. Ants are territorial insects which can defend themselves when attacked by stinging or biting. Some of the most dangerous ants on earth can kill any animal.

The World’s Most Dangerous Ants

Bulldog Ants

The Guinness World has listed the bulldog ants as the world’s most dangerous ants. Myrmecia, commonly known as Bulldog ant, is one of the large ant’s genera that is made up of 93 species that are widely found in Australia. Bull ants are huge, alert ants which can attain a maximum length of about 0.16 inches. Bulldog ants have long slender mandibles, large eyes, and venom-loaded stings. Bulldog ants have a well-developed sense of vision and can chase an intruder for a good distance from their colonies. Most bulldog ant species have bright orange or red colors on their abdomens or heads. Bulldog ants have caused three fatalities since 1988.

Bullet Ant

The bullet ant, also known as Paraponera clavata, is named after its painful sting. The Paraponera clavata‘s sting tops the Schmidt’s sting-pain index, and many people have compared its bite to being shot. The Bullet ant’s sting causes a wave of throbbing and burning pain that lasts unabated for 24 hours. Some of the symptoms associated with a Bullet ant’s sting include tachycardia, edema, lymphadenopathy and presence of fresh blood in the victim’s feces. Bullet ants are about 1.2 inches long, wingless and reddish-black. They aren’t aggressive ants, but they can be vicious when defending their nest. Bullet ants are distributed throughout South and Central America, particularly in the wet neotropical realm.

Army Ant

Army ants, also referred to as «raids», are aggressive predatory foraging ants that are quite harmful to human beings. Army ants are aggressive, and since they don’t have permanent nests, they tend to migrate from one place to the other looking for food. Most ants usually send some few individuals to scout for food, but army ants send leaderless cooperative groups of foragers who can overwhelm a prey. When foraging the trails of army ants can be over 328 ft long and 65.6 ft wide. These ants stay in a path using concentrated-gradient of pheromones. An entire colony can consume over 500,000 prey animals per day.

Fire Ant

The fire ant is the name of more than 200 ant species belonging to the genus Solenopsis. The fire ants are known for delivering the most painful sting of all ants. Some fire ant species are referred to as tropical fire ants, red ants, and ginger ants. The fire ant’s sting is excruciating and is characterized by a burning sensation and hives. A bump usually forms on the place where the ant stung after some few hours accompanied by further irritation and pain, especially if the victim was stung a number of times at the same spot. The bump can develop into a pustule within 36 hours, and if scratched, it can become infected. Fire ants can kill a small animal. Some individuals develop an allergy to this ant’s venom, and if left untreated for a very long time, the victim may experience anaphylaxis.

Florida Harvester Ant

The Florida harvester ant is a harvester ant’s species which belongs to the Pogonomyrmex genus. Florida harvester ants are native to the deserts of South, Central, and North America. While there are 22 harvester ants species in the U.S., Florida Harvester is the only species found in the eastern parts of River Mississippi. Florida harvester ants are known for collecting seeds for food. Florida harvester ants are not aggressive; however, when cornered they can sting. Florida harvester ants have one of the most painful stings of all ants. The pain can last for a very long time with the swelling occurring as its venom spread through the victim’s lymph channels.

Green Tree Ant

The Green Tree ants also referred to as the weaver ants, are found in Tropical Asia and Australia. They are eusocial ants belonging to the order Hymenoptera and family Formicidae. The green tree ants reside in trees and are famous for their nest-building behavior, whereby they create their nests by stitching the tree leaves and establishing a colony. Each colony has over 500,000ants. They don’t sting, but they have a painful bite. Green Tree ants are the most valuable ants consumed by human beings. Other than being a reliable source of fatty acids and proteins, these ants can cure fertility complications and stomach infections.

Pony Ants

Pony ant, also known as a green ant, is one of the most terrifying ants on the planet which is common in Australia. The length of the Pony ants ranges from 0.2inches to 0.28inches with the male being smaller than the queen and the workers. These ants are known for their unique metallic appearance that varies from purple to green. The green ant has a highly potent-sting, which is very painful. Their sting has enough venom to cause anaphylactic shock in sensitive individuals. Other than it being dangerous to human beings, the pony ants can be quite beneficial. Pony ants can help with agricultural pest control by killing pests like termites and beetles.

Jack Jumper Ant

The Myrmecia pilosula also referred to as jumper ant, or jack jumper ant is a poisonous ant species that is indigenous to Australia. Jumper ants are mostly found in southeast mainland Australia and Tasmania. Jumper ants are large ants with the queen being about 0.63 inches long and the male being 0.47inches long. The worker ants are about 0.55 inches long. Jumper ants can jump long distances, and they can kill their prey by injecting venom. Their stings can cause a mild localized reaction in human beings. The jumper ants killed four people in Tasmania from 1980 to 2000. The Jumper ant’s venom is immunogenic and has caused over 90% of ant allergies in Australia.

www.worldatlas.com

Most Dangerous Insects in the World — The Deadliest Venom

Before discussing the most dangerous insects, firstly have a brief look at the physiology and etymology of the insects. Insects are the small invertebrate animals that are more or less obviously segmented. Insects have six legs and a body consists of three parts which are head, thorax, and abdomen, and typically have one or two pairs of wings.

Etymology

The word “insect” comes from a Latin word “insectum”. The meaning of which is “divided body” or “with a notched”, or literally “cut into”, because insects appear to be cut into three sections. We have in our mind that the most hazardous species are animals but many dangerous insects are listed that can cause many lethal diseases. Even death occurs, without proper treatment of wild insect bites. Here is the Top List of The Most Dangerous Insects in the World.

Giant Japanese Hornet

The largest species of hornet in the world is the Giant Japanese hornet. It is also known as the “Giant Sparrow Bee”. Most of these hornets inhabit in the rural areas of Japan. In Japanese Islands, it is referred to rural. It is a large insect. The length of the adult insect is 4.5 centimeters. It has the large yellow head with large eyes, a dark brown thorax, and an abdomen banded in brown and yellow. On the top of the head between two large compound eyes, three small simple eyes are present.

They feed on a wide range of insects, including the crop of pests, and honey bee larvae. They can finish 40 honey bees in a minute. The feed on the most nutrient-rich body parts such as flight muscles. Each colony of hornets consists of 700 members.

Venom — Deadly String of Giant Hornet

Japanese hornets are very aggressive and fearless in nature. The sting of the hornet is lethal, not due to the allergic reactions but also due to its many toxins. The venom injects from 6 mm long stringer. The pain-causing chemical is found in the venom of its sting which is Acetylcholine. The venom injects from the sting has an enzyme which dissolves the tissues. The repeated stinging from the dangerous Hornets could cause the death. The venom can be detrimental to your red blood cells causing kidney failure and death. Every year from 30 to 40 deaths is recorded by the sting of this hornet. As the venom of the Giant Hornet is lethal, thus these are the most dangerous insects. The Giant Hornets attract to alcohol, sweet flavors, and human sweat.

Tsetse Flies

The most dangerous biting insect is Tsetse fly. It is native to Africa. The tsetse fly is just like the common housefly. Like other insects, it has body consist of three parts. The head has large eyes. The thorax is large, consist of three fused segments and also three pairs of legs attach to it. The abdomen is short. Two pairs of wings are present on the body.

There are some characters through which one can distinguish the Tsetse fly from a house fly.

    It has the long proboscis, which extends directly forward. It can fold its wings on each other. Its wings have Hatchet cell. The antenna has hair on it.

Trypanosome — Injected by Tsetse Flies

They mainly feed on the blood of vertebrates resulting in the body slowly being destroyed by a parasite. This insect carries the parasite in the flesh. The tsetse fly is the biological vector of trypanosomes, which is the cause of infectious disease in humans. The disease caused by the tsetse fly is sleeping sickness in which shutting of some body parts. This disease can be cured with proper medicines. It transmits the parasite from infected vertebrate hosts to uninfected vertebrates. Trypanosomes are the parasite of the animal. About 250 to 300 thousand people became the victim of this dangerous insect every year.

Killer Bees

Africanized honey bees are also known as killer bees. These are the most aggressive and dominant insects in the world. Killer bees have short wings. They are smaller in size and dark in color. They feed on larvae, nectar, and sucrose including water.

Predator of Killer Bees

Normally, killer bees consist of thousands of members. Each large colony of killer bees contains more than 80,000 members. All the members attack in the group and by repeatedly stinging they kill, whoever attacks their hives. The main target of killer bees is the face and eyes of human beings. The killer bees follow their prey for more than one miles. The venom is not much dangerous but the attack of killer bees in the group could cause even death.

The drones of Africanized killer bee are stronger, numerous, and faster as compare to the European cousins. That is why mating occurs between the Africanized drones and queen of European bees. The result of this mating is always Africanized offspring.

Driver Ants

Driver ants are also listed in the most dangerous insects. They have the largest colony in the world and each colony has members from 20 to 22 million. Driver Ants have the large head and pincer-like mandibles. They make the repetitive wound on animals with their strong mandibles. They rely on the powerful shearing jaws.

Drones and queen are larger in size as compare to the soldiers. Ant workers and soldiers are sterile females. The process of mating occurs and 1,000,000 eggs produce by the queen every month. In a real driver ant colony, only one queen is present.

Blind Killing Machine

Driver ants are also called “blind killing machine”. They attack the lips, eyes, and nostrils and release formic acid. This formic acid travels in the internal organs which result in pain. No specific numbers of human die from the bite of this insect.

The Scorpion

A small most dangerous insect related to the spider that has two front claws and a curved narrow segmented tail. The tail has the poisonous stinger at the end. The Scorpion has the elongated body that made up of small section and divided into two parts, the head, and the abdomen. The body has also darkened granular ridges. Some fluorescent chemicals present in the cuticle which glow into blue-green color when exposing to the specific wavelength of light.

It has eight legs and tail is curved on its body. Due to the presence of two grasping appendages found near the mouth. They don’t have the best eyesight and rely on the sense of smell and vibrations. The size ranges from 9 mm to 25 cm. They are native to the desert.

Sting and Venom of Scorpion

The venom of this dangerous insect is deadly enough to kill a person. Mostly, it kills or paralyzes their prey so that it can be eaten. Venom is also us against the Predators for the protection. It is estimated that nearly 1,000 people die every year from the bite of the scorpion. From all the known species only 25 have venom which is most dangerous for humans. The venom has different compounds each causing different effects on the body. The Fried Scorpion is the traditional dish in Shandong, China.

Fire Ants

Fire ants can be easy, distinguished from the other ants through their copper brown head and dark abdomen. All typical mature insect is divided into three sections: the head, the thorax, and the abdomen. Three pairs of legs and a pair of antennae are also present. Their size varies from 2 to 6 mm. These ants are present in South America.

The queen of the fire ant colony is larger in size. It can produce 1,600 eggs per day. The colony has almost 250,000 workers and their lifespan is from 6 to 7 years. Males die after mating with the queen.

The venom of Fire Ants

The venom is Histamine that is injected by the fire ants. Fire ants bite and spray the histamine chemical. This chemical produces itching, swelling, pain, redness of the skin, irritation, and in extreme cases death. An allergic reaction may occur resulting in slurred speech, chest pain, shock, and shortness of breath. The sting of this dangerous insect is very painful. About 4 to 5 million people are stung by the fire ants every year and about dozen Americans die from being stung by the fire ant yearly.

The Bullet Ant

The habitat of this insect is the forest. Like other insects, its body is also segmented. It is also known as the “24 Ant or 24-hour Ant” because one full day pain followed by its sting. The queen of the bullet ant colony is not large in size. Worker ants are 18 to 30 mm long in size and wingless.

The sting of the Bullet Ant

It got its name because so many people compared the sting to being shot by a bullet. After its bite victim would feel like being shot. They might not be killer ants, but they are definitely ranked as one of the most dangerous insects in the world. They also release unpleasant odor for protection and also attack in the group with the powerful sting. The sting of a bullet ant is 30 times more painful than other wasps and bugs.

Mosquito

The most dangerous insect species on Earth are mosquitoes. The word mosquito comes from the “Spanish” language which means “little fly”. They are small, midge-like flies. The length of the adult mosquito is between 3 mm to 6 mm. the body of mosquito consists of three segments. The head receives sensory information. A thorax and antennae, an antenna is important for detecting host odors. Female mosquitoes are mostly parasites and through its proboscis, produce the hole in the skin of host to consume blood. Their hosts are mainly, vertebrates including birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and fish also.

Malaria due to Mosquito

The female mosquito is a carrier of blood-borne diseases such as Malaria. Malaria transmits from the blood. Malaria is a public health issue in many countries. Mosquitoes are also responsible for the transmission of the vector of disease such as yellow fever, dengue fever, encephalitis, and West Nile virus. About 300 to 500 million cases of malaria reported every year and 1 million deaths occur every year.

Conclusion

The above-discussed insects are the most dangerous insects without any confusion. But the list and search for the most dangerous insects do not end here. If you find any insect more deadly and lethal than above, share it with us. We will appreciate your opinion.

thelistli.com

Everything to Know About Fire Ant Mounds

Apart from getting bitten by pesky fire ants, the clearest sign of a fire ant problem is seeing their mounds in your lawn, garden, or elsewhere on your property. Fire ants can ruin the yard of an otherwise great property, but be forewarned: dealing with them takes some caution. Their bites can be dangerous. On the other hand, people occasionally mistake fire ant mounds for plain dirt. Check out this handy guide on fire ant mounds to learn how they work, how to stay safe around them, and of course, how to get rid of them.

What Are Fire Ant Mounds?

Image via Flickr by gurdonark

A fire ant mound, or hill, is the uppermost part of a fire ant nest. It looks like a raised mound of aerated dirt, which is the displaced soil from the ants digging tunnels underground. Because fire ants need a lot of moisture to work and survive, you will usually see their mounds grow and multiply after a rainstorm.

One key aspect that differentiates fire ant mounts is that they do not have a hole in the center, like with most other ant mounds. You also won’t see many, if any, actual fire ants around an undisturbed mound. This is because the ants do not exit the colony through the mound but through underground tunnels connected to it. This allows the ants to safely travel back and forth to different places, such as food or water sources.

A fire ant mound contains the eggs and larvae of the growing colony, along with countless worker ants. This is why people can mistakenly step in or disturb a fire ant mound, and then are shocked by the hundreds or thousands of ants that come rushing out. These agitated ants will then bite and sting anyone nearby. Once the nest is disrupted, they will surface, swarming the nearby area to protect their nest and discourage intruders.

One interesting fact about fire ant mounds is that their colonies start small and grow slowly. During much of the construction process, a fire ant colony is too small for humans to notice. Over time, however, as the colony grows and the number of workers expanding the nest also grows, a small mound can double in size in only a few days.

Staying Safe Near Fire Ant Mounds

The worst thing you could to a fire ant mound is step in it accidentally. Be cautious when walking around outdoors, especially in open and sunny areas, which fire ants prefer. Be mindful of low areas near water, such as river banks. If you know there are fire ant nests in a certain area, avoid it as much as possible. Fire ants spread new mounds all the time, and it’s very easy to miss seeing one. Don’t take any chances with dirt that looks soft or fresh.

If you have to get close to a fire ant mound, wear closed-toe shoes with socks and clothing that covers your body completely. Do not walk outside barefoot. If you accidentally disturb a nest, get away from it immediately. Remove any stray ants from your clothes or body as soon as possible, but do not risk brushing or plucking them off with your bare hands unless necessary.

After you’ve gotten away, if you happened to get stung, wash the area with soap and water. Although itchy and painful, the stings are otherwise harmless for most people and fade away within a week. Some people, however, develop allergic reactions to fire ant venom. If you see any of the following symptoms, seek medical attention immediately:

  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Sweating.
  • Chest pain.
  • Nausea/vomiting.
  • Dizziness.
  • Swollen tongue.
  • Low blood pressure.

How to Get Rid of Fire Ant Mounds

There are home products and remedies that claim to help get rid of fire ant mounds, such as pouring boiling water on them. The water flows down through the tunnels, burning the ants and their eggs. While do-it-yourself treatment methods range in efficacy, they all more or less require you to get up close to the ant mound, which can be dangerous, especially when treating multiple mounds. In all but the mildest of fire ant infestations, it is generally better to rely on professional pest control experts.

Further, fire ant colonies recover rapidly from major damage and death. Even with up to 90 percent of the ants killed, a colony can multiply back to full strength quickly, making all of the effort spent trying to get rid of them pointless. If you want to get rid of fire ant mounds and enjoy your lawn or garden in peace, a skilled pest control team can diagnose your situation accurately and find a long-term control strategy.

Only pest control experts with the experience and knowledge are qualified to treat fire ant moundsdirectly to get rid of a colony.

Surprising Fire Ant Mound Facts

  • While most fire ant mounds only reach a few inches above ground level, there are cases in agricultural fields where massive fire ant colonies built mounds up to 18 inches high.
  • Most fire ant species develop colonies that can grow to around 250,000 workers.
  • Sometimes, small animals mistakenly disrupt a fire ant mound and die from hundreds of stings.
  • During extreme flooding, when forced out of their mounds, fire ants can survive by linking together into a living raft.

Although fire ants are one of the most interesting creatures, they are still one of the most aggressive and prolific insects in the world. They are the bane of farmers, homeowners, hikers, and others. In some rare cases, their bites can even cause a life-threatening allergic reaction. Stay informed on different ants that can take over your home or yard with a look through our handy ant knowledge center.

ants.com

15 Most Dangerous Insects in the World

Many people hate insects because they find them repulsive, or because they are a nuisance when these pests enter their homes. However, some insects are not simply ugly or annoying: they can be dangerous, and even deadly.

Here are 15 of the most dangerous insects around the world.

1. Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes are a nuisance, and their bite can be pretty painful. But mosquitoes are also deadly insects, as they transmit diseases such as malaria, yellow fever and encephalitis to the humans they bite.

It’s estimated that every 30 seconds, a child dies due to malaria that could have been transmitted by a mosquito bite. The mosquito is a small but mighty creature known as one of the most dangerous insects in the world.

2. Giant Japanese hornets

Giant Japanese hornets are the largest hornets around the world, as they can grow up to 2 inches long. The most dangerous insects in the world are extremely aggressive, and they feed on honey bees larvae.

The sting of giant Japanase hornets attacks the nervous systems of their victims, and can lead to death.

3. Tsetse flies

Tsetse flies are native to Africa. These large flies inject a toxin that causes a dangerous disease known as human sleeping sickness.

When this disease is not treated properly, it leads to lymphatic infection which will eventually spread to the blood of the victim, damage their nervous system and brain, and lead to death.

4. Driver ants

Driver ants are found in Central and East Africa. They live in colonies of up to 22 million ants, and they can easily climb trees and hills in search of preys.

Driver ants can attack and kill other insects, birds, mammals of all sizes, and human beings.

5. Killer bees

Based on the name alone, you would have guessed the killer bees are one of the most dangerous insects in the world. Killer bees, also known as Africanized honey bees, are hybrid bees that have a very aggressive behaviour. They follow their victims for more than a mile, and they target the face and eyes of the humans they attack.

The toxin they inject is not that dangerous, but since they attack in groups, they can cause nausea, dizziness, vomiting, and fainting.

6. Fire ants

Fire ants, also called red ants, can easily kill small animals with their poisonous venom. There are more than 200 species of fire ants around the world.

If a human being disturbs fire ants, they will attack in groups, and their bite can cause a burning sensation, allergic reactions, or death. These ants are among the most dangerous insects in the world.

7. Kissing bugs

Kissing bugs are bugs that feed by sucking the blood of animals and humans. They are mostly found in the United States.

They are called kissing bugs because they often bite humans near their mouth when they are sleeping. Their bite can cause allergic reactions, and they can transmit a parasite that causes Chagas disease.

8. Bullet ants

Bullet ants are the largest ants in the world. They are mostly found in Nicaragua and Paraguay, and they like to make their nests at the base of large trees.

Bullet ants are named this way because their bite is as painful as being shot by a bullet, and the intense pain can last for up to 24 hours.

9. Fleas

Fleas are tiny parasites that suck blood from animals and human beings. There are more than 2000 species of fleas around the world.

On top of being a nuisance that causes itchy bumps with their bite, they can cause infection and transmit different diseases.

10. Bot flies

The larvae of bot flies are internal parasites that develop underneath the skin of mammals and human beings. Bot flies are mostly found in Central and South America.

The female bot fly will lay her eggs within the skin of the chosen host. The larvae will develop inside the body, and leave it once it’s fully developed.

11. German yellowjackets

German yellowjackets are native from Europe, and are now found throughout North America. These aggressive wasps will defend their nests against animals and humans, and will pursue them over a long distance to attack them.

Their sting is very painful, and can cause severe allergic reactions.

12. Deer ticks

Deer ticks are dangerous because they can infect humans with Lyme disease with their bite. Lyme disease causes headaches, stiff and painful joints, and heart problems. Thousands of people are infected by deer ticks each year.

13. Cockroaches

Cockroaches are difficult to get rid of when they decide to invade a home. They rarely bite people, and when they do, it’s because they are hungry. However, they always leave a trail of bacteria behind them, which can cause allergies and transmit diseases.

14. Lice

Lice are parasites, and there are different types of them that can infest human beings, including head lice, body lice and pubic lice. Their itchy bites can occasionally cause dangerous illnesses.

15. Bed bugs

Bed bugs, who like to feed on human blood while they sleep at night, are not life threatening. However, they can cause psychological damage, as many people are afraid of going to bed because of these bugs.

www.hitnewscenter.com

Share:
No comments

Добавить комментарий

Your e-mail will not be published. All fields are required.

×
Recommend