Subcutaneous mites in dogs — a photo, Symptoms and Treatment
What is subcutaneous mites in dogs? Symptoms and Treatment Methods
- 1 What is subcutaneous mites in dogs? Symptoms and Treatment Methods
- 2 Features of the disease
- 3 How to recognize the disease
- 4 demodecosis
- 5 itch-mite
- 6 prevention
- 7 Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Subcutaneous Mites on the Face
- 8 What is seborrheic keratosis?
- 9 12 Preventable STDs: Pictures, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
- 10 Preventing Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Infections
- 11 Genital Warts (HPV)
- 12 Pubic Lice (Crabs STD)
- 13 Scabies
- 14 Gonorrhea (The Clap)
- 15 Syphilis
- 16 Chlamydia
- 17 Oral Herpes (Herpes Simplex 1 Virus)
- 18 Genital Herpes (Herpes Simplex 2 Virus)
- 19 Hepatitis B
- 20 HIV/AIDS
- 21 HIV Testing
- 22 HIV/AIDS Treatment Options
- 23 Trichomoniasis (“Trich”)
- 24 Chancroid
- 25 Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)
- 26 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
- 27 Who’s at Risk of Sexually Transmitted Diseases?
- 28 Can Virgins Get Sexually Transmitted Diseases?
- 29 Preventing Infection
- 30 The Limits of Condoms
- 31 How to Tell Your Partner You Are Infected
- 32 STDs and Pregnancy
- 33 Can STDs Come Back?
Dogs — active and inquisitive animals, which it is very difficult to avoid infestation, following, as subcutaneous mite. Subcutaneous mite — it trouble, which can not only lead to a deterioration of appearance and other quadruped, but also many other diseases. These parasites are dangerous, that they are vectors of piroplasmosis, Lyme disease, encephalitis, Marseilles fever, borreliosis, etc..
Subcutaneous mites in dogs can lead to a variety of animal diseases
Features of the disease
All subcutaneous mites, occurring in dogs, They feed on blood, epithelial cells or lymph. They burrow into the skin moves, poison host organism waste products. In addition to severe itching and other discomfort, subcutaneous mites in dogs causes severe allergic reaction, which can be unpredictable expression.
Where are mites? Infestation takes place in the street, harmful insects in the grass waiting for their prey or moving from other animals. For this reason, the infection most often occurs during the warm season, roughly from May to September-October.
There are several types of ticks, but more often in our latitudes there are Demodex Canis and itch. Some species Demodex all itch mites are transmitted to humans, so the owners of the sick animal should be extremely cautious.
Disease may occur due to a weakened immunity. According to statistics, more than half of the dogs are infected by subcutaneous mite, but the immune reaction of the skin does not allow him to develop. Once the animal is weakened for any reason, tick wakes up and begins to actively proliferate. Infection are the most susceptible young dogs up to one year, as well as some breeds (fee, Doberman, German Shepherd, French Bulldog, pug).
How to recognize the disease
The success of the treatment and safety of the dog owners depends on, how quickly they will be revealed signs of subcutaneous mite. Symptoms of the disease can often be confused with the manifestation of fungal infectious disease or.
- hair loss. In the later stages become visible bald spots, and at the beginning of the disease hair loss can be found in those parts of the dog’s body, where hair is usually short — belly, genital area, muzzle, sometimes paw etc.
- Intense itching. The animal experiences a painful itch, which makes it all the time to scratch the affected area of skin mite. Very quickly at this point appear bloody scratches.
In subcutaneous mite animal often itches
- Aggression, anxiety. Constant itching is haunted by a dog any day, or night, because of which even the calm docile darling may become aggressive or nervous, behave poorly.
- lethargy, lethargy, anemia, related illness. These symptoms appear after long mite infestation. Animal weakened disease, loses its strength, It looks depressed.
Since all of these features are characteristic of many parasitic losses, self-diagnose your pet and to appoint a treatment can not be. To clarify the picture is taken necessarily scraping, which reveals the type of pathogen. For this veterinarian anaesthetises portion of affected skin and removes the top layer of the epithelium, in which they live mites. Scraping is also accompanied by skin incision, which is necessary for determining the depth of destruction of epidermis. This analysis is taken solely in the presence of host veterinarian.
The only thing, what can the owner do for your four-footed friend, — give it antihistamines based on weight and age. What it would not cause itching, antiallergic drugs can ease it a little.
Acne is one of the most unpredictable and unpleasant subcutaneous mites, since there is always a secondary disease, arose against the background of weakening of immunity. The treatment may be lengthy and ineffective, if you do not identify the cause of the dog’s weakened.
dog tick, causing demodekoz, a long time living in the sebaceous glands of healthy dog and does no harm, so called opportunistic organism. He is not transmitted to humans, and even harmless to healthy and strong animals.
The disease usually appears in dogs after a strong shock, prolonged stress, chronic illnesses, hormonal failure. Peaceful symbiotic mites wakes up and is active. It feeds the skin, gnaws it moves and poisons the organism dog waste products. They cause severe tooth and allergic reaction, which is often accompanied by a small swelling. Died parasite in the epidermis causes abscess and rapid hair loss, from the skin starts to come out sharp, unpleasant smell. In rare cases, the disease occurs without the appearance of bald spots, it is often difficult to establish the correct diagnosis.
The disease spreads very quickly, affected areas appear all over the body. The animal has problems with regulators, it often beats chills, even in the warm season.
Acne can occur in three forms: pustular, scaly and generalized.
When pustular form in the dog’s skin pustules appear — seals, which are filled with pus and burst out. Dog brushing diseased skin, enhancing lesions, resulting in a wound becomes infected. This is the most dangerous form of demodectic mange, as the pustules are in the depths of the skin and touch the large vessels. Gets into a wound infection can spread rapidly in the body with blood, cause infection and death of the animal. For this reason, dog owners need as quickly as possible to take it to a specialist, noticing the first symptoms.
When squamous demodicosis on the surface of the skin there are small red spots, which gradually become dry scabs, resembling scales. They tighten the skin, cause itching, and the dog tends to peel them as soon as possible. It can also lead to infection, but the inflammatory process, more often, will have a local character. If the dog has a chronic illness, He is old or has not reached adulthood, even local bacterial infection can kill her.
Demodekoza generalized form is a combination of the two previous. Parasites may get into the dog’s internal organs, so he often loses appetite, observed weight loss.
If flake and pustular domodekoz appears locally on one part of the body, it can be generalized to hit several, leaving large bald spots and wounds. Photos of the disease is presented below.
Acne in dogs
The difficulty of getting rid of subcutaneous mite in this case is very complicated by the fact, that it is a secondary disease. The root cause can not be identified in half of the cases, because four-legged patient is usually prescribed drugs, strengthen the immune system.
Any parasite destroys the liver dogs, so the vet prescribes reception Carso or other hepatic. But it is important to take into account, that many gepatoprotektory a positive effect not only on the liver, but also on the state of the tick. So taking these drugs it is important to be combined with active treatment of demodectic mange.
The external wound treatment required, Since animals can carry infection. Patients were allocated to the soothing and antibacterial ointment, and antiparasitic drugs external application. It is also necessary to review the animal’s diet. Experienced veterinarians advised to temporarily move to a high-quality finished feed.
Since the subcutaneous mite «activated» internal problems, including. hormonal failure, small dogs with chronic demodex is recommended to sterilize.
Important: Abrupt change in the dog’s diet can lead to dysbacteriosis, which will cause new stress in an animal. To avoid this, in pet food must be liquid drip drops probiotics, maintaining normal intestinal microflora.
If the condition of the animal critical, veterinarian can assign Detomaks. This is a very aggressive and effective drug with high toxicity. For reduced animal disease it can be deadly, so the vet should properly relate the risk and the need for such aggressive therapy for dogs.
This parasite, which falls on the dog’s skin from the external environment, It burrows into the epidermis and begins to live, feeding on epithelial cells. For a long time the immune system of a healthy animal can fight against parasites, and the disease is in a latent form. When this dog is contagious, tick can transmit to other four-legged. A person also can appear some symptoms of scabies, such as an itch and redness of the skin, but they quickly pass. Canine scabies mite does not live in human skin.
There are two types of mange pathogens, that cause sarcoptic mange and notodroz. In the first case, the parasite can live in any part of the dog’s body, It causes the same symptoms, that demodicosis. When notodroze suffers outer part animal ear, as well as the tail and paws. Often the dog inflicts itself bounces, to get rid of the itch, possible head injury. Externally notodroz also similar to demodekoz, but sometimes there may be no itching.
Treatment for scabies
Treat scabies much easier, than demodekoz, because you just destroy parasites. After that, diagnosis accurately set, vet appoint acaricidal preparations, having a common spectrum of activity. They not only eliminate mites, but also struggling with fungi and bacteria, which could bring parasites. For the treatment of the drug is enough to bear a drop in the dog’s withers 2 fold (according to doctor’s instructions). If significant skin damage, appointed antimicrobial soothing ointment. Also, the animal should be given medication, supports the liver.
Treatment for scabies treatment is faster and easier, than demodectic
Prevention of scabies is to apply protivokleschevye drops on wool animal 1 semiannually. To prevent demodectic, You need to balance the power of your favorite four-footed, do not expose it to stress. If the dog belongs to the species, prone to the disease, We need to periodically give her immunomodulatory drugs.
Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Subcutaneous Mites on the Face
A lot of bacteria live on the skin of a person,the simplest parasites and fungi. Usually their presence does not affect negatively on well-being. However, under certain circumstances, they can cause serious problems. For example, one of these «residents» is demodex, a mite of the acne vulgaris. Despite the fact that it is present on the face of almost everyone, sometimes it can cause a disease of demodicosis. Before to understand, what treatment of the hypodermic tick or mite on the face in house conditions will be effective, let’s get acquainted with this microorganism.
It refers to a conditionally pathogenic microflora,so it’s pretty innocuous. Currently, there are two types: short and long. Most often, both are present in humans, only one in the sebaceous glands, the other in the hair follicles. Quite often, the appearance of blackheads is associated with demodex. However, the harm it brings only under certain conditions, such as: decreased immunity, oily skin, metabolic disorders, stress. In this case, the human body can not control the parasite population in full. By the way, the norm is considered, if on one follicle there are no more than five individuals. Treatment of subcutaneous mites on the face should be aimed at eliminating the factors that caused the disease.
Demodex is able to move around the body. However, first of all, the cheeks, forehead, chin, area around the eyebrows and nasolabial folds are affected. It is important not to confuse the first symptoms with the appearance of another disease. The fact is that with accumulation of a large number of products of the vital activity of the parasite, there is itching, swelling and redness. Then only appear purulent pimples, the skin begins to coarsen and flake off. From the crust appear papules that resemble a scaly cone. If treatment of a hypodermic tick on the face was not started in time, the disease progresses, the skin becomes rough, the scars appear.
Despite the fact that modern medicine is not worth iton-site, the impact on demodex remains a long and time-consuming process. Depending on the affected areas and individual characteristics, the treatment of a subcutaneous tick on the face can take even a few years. The fact is that it is so small that the molecules of drugs simply can not penetrate its shell. That is why all actions are aimed at increasing the body’s defenses. In this case, the sites are treated with preparations based on sulfur. Sometimes the affected areas are treated with 10% benzyl benzonate or ointment, which is used in veterinary medicine, «Yam BK». The way of using these drugs is approximately the same: the drug is applied to the skin and left for six hours. After this, it is rinsed with the use of oil, and a steroid ointment is applied to the sites. Despite the fact that sulfur has the necessary effect on the subcutaneous tick on the face, treatment with this component causes some inconvenience. The fact is that sulfur has a very specific smell, which lasts for a long time, and if it gets on clothes, it does not wash out. Therefore it is worth to be careful.
A large spoonful of juniper berries are poured over with boiling water(one glass), the dishes are well closed, wrapped and insisted for 6 hours. After that, the infusion is filtered and put compresses on the affected areas for 15 minutes twice a day. Before treatment, the skin should be degreased with eucalyptus or calendula tincture. Another way to treat a subcutaneous mite is to use wormwood bitter. First it needs to be crushed, and then pour two large spoons with boiling water (one glass). Infusion, strain, should be applied as lotions twice a day.
What is seborrheic keratosis?
Seborrheic keratosis is a common, harmless, noncancerous growth on the skin. It usually appears as a pale, black, or brown growth on the back, shoulders, chest, or face.
The plural of keratosis is keratoses. Seborrheic keratoses are also known as basal cell papilloma, or seborrheic warts.
Seborrheic keratoses tend to appear from middle-age onwards. Some individuals may have just one, but normally there will be several. Seborrheic keratosis is not contagious.
Thirty percent of people have at least one by the age of 40 years, and they affect over 75 percent of people by the age of 70 years.
Share on Pinterest Seborrheic keratosis is a common type of pigmented skin patch.
Seborrheic keratoses may look like warts, moles, or skin cancer. Their appearance is waxy, and they look as if they are stuck onto the skin. Some may look like a blob of brown candle wax.
Others resemble barnacles.
They can range in size from tiny to over 1 inch across.
They are not painful, but they may itch or become irritated. There are four dimensions to consider when describing seborrheic keratosis:
- Location: The growths are most commonly found on the scalp, shoulder, chest, abdomen, or back. They are never found on the soles of the feet or palms of the hands.
- Texture: Lesions usually start off as small, rough bumps, and they gradually get thicker and develop a warty surface. They can sometimes appear waxy and “stuck on.”
- Shape: They are usually round or oval.
- Color: Most are brown, but they can be yellow, black, or white.
The lesions are rarely painful, but they can be annoying, depending on their position. It is important not to pick or scratch them as this can lead to bleeding, swelling, and, potentially, infection.
When to visit a doctor
If the following occur, a doctor’s opinion should be sought:
- a large number of growths grow in a short space of time
- the borders around the growths are irregular or blurred
- the growths are irritated by clothes and regularly bleed, removal may be an option
- growths or sores develop and do not heal
- if the growths are an unusual color; for instance, purple, reddish-black, or blue
In most cases of seborrheic keratosis, no further treatment is necessary.
The doctor may recommend removing the growth if:
- it is hard to distinguish from skin cancer, or if the diagnosis is uncertain
- the patient does not like it, and wants it removed
- it causes problems, for example, itching or irritation with clothing or jewelry rubbing against it
If the dermatologist carries out a biopsy, they will normally remove the seborrheic keratosis at the same time.
There are several ways of removing seborrheic keratosis.
Liquid nitrogen is applied to the growth with a spray gun or cotton swab. The lesion freezes and falls off in a few days. A blister may form when the growth falls off; this will eventually dry into a crust, which will fall off.
Electrocautery, curettage, or both
In electrocautery, also known as electrosurgery, the surgeon uses an electric current to burn (cauterize) the growth, under a local anesthetic. In curettage, a curette – a scoop-shaped surgical instrument – is used to scrape off the burnt growth.
Some patients may require just electrocautery, some curettage, and others both.
Ablation involves vaporizing the growth with a laser.
All the methods of removal above have disadvantages. For example, the skin in the area of the seborrheic keratoses may be lighter, and therefore leave a lighter mark where the lesion once was. Also, there is no way to remove multiple lesions in a single intervention.
In most cases, the growth does not return, but new ones may appear in other areas of the body.
There are no proven home remedies for seborrheic keratosis. Lemon juice or vinegar may cause irritation, possibly causing the lesion to dry and crumble, but there is no evidence that this is safe or effective.
Some substances, such as tea tree oil, can trigger allergic contact dermatitis, an immune system reaction that causes itching and inflammation around the site.
Anyone who is concerned about a lesion should see a doctor, if only to check that it is not melanoma.
Dermatologists are not certain why seborrheic keratoses develop.
Possible causes and risk factors include:
- Sunlight: Lesions commonly appear on parts of the body that are more exposed to sunlight. Ultraviolet (UV) light may play a role. However, they can develop in areas rarely exposed to sunlight, so this is not the whole answer.
- Genetics: Seborrheic keratosis seems to run in families. Scientists have suggested that a genetic mutation could be responsible.
- Age: They are more likely to develop in those aged 50 years or above.
The growths have been found to feature certain gene mutations similar to those in ovarian cancer and multiple myeloma, but scientists say they have “virtually no malignant potential.”
Seborrheic keratoses are not believed to be related to any viral infection. Skin friction may be a factor, as they often appear in skin folds.
12 Preventable STDs: Pictures, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
Preventing Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Infections
Are you prepared to protect your health from sexually transmitted diseases and infections? Some of these infections are more familiar—you’ve probably heard of chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes, and HIV. But many more are less talked about. You can protect yourself and your loved ones from future health problems by understanding these common STDs.
In this article we answer some of your tricky and sometimes uncomfortable questions about STD symptoms and diseases. You will learn why herpes is sometimes considered a sexually transmitted disease, what sexual disease is nicknamed “the clap,” and which kinds can lie dormant for a long time. You will also find information on the best treatments for herpes, HIV, chlamydia and various other sexually-transmitted diseases.
STD or STI?
Some experts prefer the term “STI” (sexually transmitted infection). STIs include all infections that can be transmitted sexually.
Genital Warts (HPV)
It’s not necessary to have sexual intercourse for a sexually-transmitted disease (STD) to harm your health. The human papillomavirus (HPV), the disease that causes genital warts, can be transmitted by close skin-to-skin contact. Some types of HPV cause cervical or anal cancer, and vaccines are available to protect against the most dangerous types. Other HPV types cause genital warts, which can be raised, flat, or cauliflower-shaped. HPV can be transmitted even by people who have no visible warts or other symptoms.
Genital warts can be big or small, flat or raised. They generally appear as a small bump or group of bumps in the genital region, and may be shaped like a cauliflower.
A vaccine to prevent HPV is given in three shots. The second shot is given a month or two after the first shot. The third shot comes six months after the first shot.
The Centers for Disease Control recommends boys and girls be vaccinated at ages 11 or 12.
If they did not get the HPV vaccine as children, women can get the HPV vaccine through age 26. Men can get it through age 21. The CDC recommends HPV vaccination for men through age 26 for men who have sex with men or men with compromised immune systems, including HIV.
Pubic Lice (Crabs STD)
Pubic lice are colloquially known as «crabs.» This name refers to the shape of these parasites, which is different from that of body lice. Pubic lice live in pubic hair and are spread among people during close contact. Pubic lice can be treated with over-the-counter lice-killing medications.
Pubic Lice (Crabs) Symptoms
- Severe itching
- Visible crawling lice or eggs attached to pubic hair
Like pubic lice, scabies is another parasitic STI. This parasite is not necessarily sexually transmitted, since it can affect any area of the skin. However, scabies is often spread during sexual contact.
- Extreme itching that is worse at night.
- The skin appears to have a pimple-like rash, as shown in the above photo.
- Both the itching and rash may be across the body or limited to the wrist, elbow, armpit, webbing between fingers, nipple, penis, waist, belt-line or buttocks.
- Tiny blisters (vesicles) and scales may appear.
- Tiny burrows left by the tunneling of female scabies mites may be visible on the skin. They appear as tiny raised and crooked grayish-white or skin-colored lines.
The only way to prevent this STI is to avoid touching people, as any skin-to-skin contact can spread this highly contagious mite. Condoms, while good at preventing many diseases, will not prevent scabies.
Fortunately, this STI is treatable. Prescription creams can cure a scabies infestation. Protect your health by visiting a doctor if you believe you may have this STI.
Gonorrhea (The Clap)
Gonorrhea is an easily transmitted disease that affects both men and women. It can harm your health by causing infertility in men and women if it is left untreated. There may be no early symptoms of this common STD.
- Burning during urination
- Vaginal or urethral discharge
- Pelvic pain in women
- Men may experience swelling of the testes and discharge from the penis
In some cases, the symptoms are mild and the condition is mistaken for a UTI or yeast infection. Visit your health care provider if this sounds like you.
Syphilis can be cured with antibiotics, but many people don’t notice its early STD symptoms. It can play havoc with your health, leading to nerve damage, blindness, paralysis, and even death over time if not treated.
- A round, firm, painless sore on the genitals or anal area (often the first sign)
- A rash can develop later on the soles of the feet, palms, or other parts of the body
- Enlarged lymph nodes
- Hair loss
- Late-stage syphilis can cause damage to many different organ systems. That’s why early detection is so critical to your health.
Chlamydia is a very common STD. It can cause infertility if not treated. The symptoms may not be noticed, or they may be vague and nonspecific. Some people experience no health effects at all.
- Burning or itching of the genitals
- Painful urination
Chlamydia infections can also develop in the rectum and throat.
Oral Herpes (Herpes Simplex 1 Virus)
Cold sores or «fever blisters» on the lips are a sign of herpes virus infection, usually caused by the type of herpes virus known as human herpes virus 1, also known as oral herpes.
Oral herpes is usually not considered a sexually transmitted disease. It can be transmitted through kissing or household contact. However, it can also spread to the genitals. (While this type of herpes can be contracted on the genitals, it is different from the disease known as genital herpes). There is no cure for herpes infection, but medications can reduce the severity and duration of outbreaks.
- Itching of the lips or skin around the mouth
- Burning near the lips or mouth area
- Tingling near the lips or mouth area
- Sore throat
- Swollen glands
- Painful swallowing
- A rash may form on your gums, lips, mouth or throat
Symptoms of oral herpes usually appear 1-3 weeks after first infection. When symptoms return, they are typically milder than the initial herpes outbreak.
Genital Herpes (Herpes Simplex 2 Virus)
In contrast to oral herpes, genital herpes infections are caused by a different virus known as HSV-2 HHV-2. The genital herpes virus spreads through direct genital contact and is considered an STD. More than 87% of those infected with genital herpes are unaware of their infection due to very mild or nonexistent symptoms.
Genital Herpes Symptoms
- Painful, fluid-filled blisters and crusted sores on the genital area, buttocks, thighs, or anus.
- Mild tingling or shooting pain in the legs, hips, or buttocks may occur hours to days before a genital herpes outbreak.
After the first infection, less severe outbreaks are common in the first year. Outbreaks tend to decrease over time, though the infection may stay in the body indefinitely.
A genital herpes infection can spread to the lips through oral contact. As with oral herpes, medications can reduce the severity of genital herpes, but there is no cure.
Hepatitis B is a virus that spreads through contact with body fluids and blood, so it can be transmitted through sexual intercourse. Hepatitis B infection is also possible through sharing of needles, razors, and toothbrushes. Babies can become infected at birth from an infected mother. It’s possible to go for years without symptoms of this STI.
Hepatitis B Symptoms
- Abdominal pain
- Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes)
- Over time, scarring of the liver (cirrhosis) and liver cancer can develop.
Although there is no cure, there is a vaccine to prevent hepatitis B infection.
The HIV virus (AIDS virus) weakens the body’s immune system. It is spread through sexual contact, needle sharing, or from an infected mother to baby. There may be no symptoms for years, but a blood test can tell if you have been infected. With appropriate treatment, many serious illnesses can be prevented.
- Flu-like symptoms 1 to 2 months after first infection, including like swollen lymph nodes, fever, and headaches
- Night sweats Muscle Aches
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Mouth ulcers
- Rapid weight loss
- Recurring fever or profuse night sweats
- Extreme and unexplained tiredness
- Prolonged swelling of the lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck
- Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week
- Sores of the mouth, anus, or genitals
- Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids
- Memory loss, depression, and other neurologic disorders
There are accurate tests to identify whether or not you have been infected with the HIV virus. These can be done in the clinic or at home with the FDA-approved Home Access test kit. The test can be performed anonymously, with only a number to identify you. However, sometimes people may not test positive in the initial 3-4 weeks to 6 months after infection. This time period is referred to as the «window period» in which antibodies may not have developed enough for a positive test. You can still transmit the virus to others during this time.
HIV/AIDS Treatment Options
While there is no cure for HIV, there are medications that can suppress the amount of virus multiplying inside the body. People take a combination of antiviral drugs in hopes of preventing the infection from advancing to AIDS. Additional treatments can help prevent or fight off serious infections, if the immune system has weakened.
Trichomoniasis is a parasitic infection (caused by Trichomonas vaginalis) that is spread during sexual contact. It affects both men and women and can be cured with medications. Most affected men have no specific symptoms.
- Men: minor discharge or burning with urination
- Women: yellowish-green vaginal discharge with a prominent odor, itching of the vaginal area, or painful sex or urination
Symptoms can develop anywhere from 5 to 28 days after contracting the infection.
Chancroid is an STD that is rarely seen in the U.S. It is more common in Africa and Asia. It causes painful lumps in the genital area that can progress to open sores. Antibiotics can cure the infection; chancroid is caused by bacterial infection with Haemophilus ducreyi.
- One or more sores or raised bumps on the genitals. A narrow, red border surrounds the sores. The sores become filled with pus and eventually rupture into a painful open sore.
- About half the time when untreated, the chancroid bacterial infection spreads to the groin’s lymph glands, causing the groin to enlarge and become hard and painful.
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a type of chlamydial infection, but it is caused by a different type of chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) than the usual chlamydial disease. Like other chlamydial infections, it can be cured by antibiotic treatment.
Early Lymphogranuloma venereum Symptoms (3-12 Days After Exposure)
- Soft red, painless sores on or near the genitals or anus
- Similar sores in the throat or mouth following oral sex
Later Lymphogranuloma venereum Symptoms (2-6 Weeks After Exposure)
- Open sores in the genitals
- Swollen lymph nodes in the groin
- Anal sores and rectal discharge or bleeding if the infection was acquired through anal sex
- Painful urination
- Rectal bleeding
- Pain in lower back/abdomen
- Pus-filled or bloody diarrhea
- Fever, chills, joint pain, decreased appetite and fatigue
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is not a specific STD. Rather, it is a complication that can develop from various diseases, particularly gonorrhea and chlamydia. In PID, bacteria spread to the uterus and female reproductive tract. Infertility may result if the condition is not treated right away.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Symptoms
- Pelvic or low abdominal pain
- Painful urination
- Painful intercourse
- Light bleeding
Who’s at Risk of Sexually Transmitted Diseases?
It’s estimated that half of sexually active young adults acquire at least one of these STIs by age 25. In fact, sexual diseases are the most commonly reported type of infection in America. Though more common in teens and young adults, anyone who is sexually active is potentially at risk. The risk is raised by having multiple sex partners. The incidence of some sexually transmitted diseases, including LGV and syphilis, is increasing in men who have sex with men.
Can Virgins Get Sexually Transmitted Diseases?
Many of these diseases can spread through any type of sexual activity. This can include skin-to-skin contact and oral sex. This means that people who have not yet had sexual intercourse can still get infected.
Abstinence from any sexual contact (or skin-to-skin contact) is the only absolute way to prevent STIs. Being in a long-term, monogamous relationship also is a good way to avoid them.
There are also steps you can take to decrease the chance of getting an STD if you are sexually active, including:
- Asking partners if they have ever been infected.
- Using condoms.
- Avoiding sexual activity with a partner who shows STD symptoms.
- Asking partners to be tested before having sex.
- Being aware of symptoms and signs of these conditions.
The Limits of Condoms
Condoms can prevent the spread of some STDs, but they aren’t 100% effective. They are less effective at protecting against herpes, syphilis, and genital warts, since these STDs can be transmitted by contact with skin lesions that are not covered by a condom. Condoms also do not protect against crabs and scabies infestations.
How to Tell Your Partner You Are Infected
It may be difficult, but it is important to tell your partner as soon as possible if you believe you may be infected. Even if you are being treated, you may still be able to spread the infection. For some diseases, both partners should be treated at the same time.
It can be difficult to share this information, so some people find that preparing a script in advance can be helpful. Here are some facts that can help the conversation go more smoothly:
- Discovering a sexually transmitted disease is not necessarily evidence of cheating. It may very well have come from either your past relationship or that of your partner.
- An estimated one in two sexually active people will contract such a condition by the time they reach age 25. Most of these don’t know they have an infection. Many STD symptoms are subtle or don’t even show up when first contracted and may be discovered much later.
It’s normal to be nervous about this topic. But by being bold and taking action, you can actively promote better health for you and your partner.
STDs and Pregnancy
Some STDs can cause premature labor in pregnant women, and many STDs can be passed to the baby either during pregnancy or childbirth. So all pregnant women should be checked for STDs. STDs can cause numerous problems in babies, like low birth weight, stillbirth, nerve problems, blindness, serious infections, and liver problems. Treatment during pregnancy can reduce the risks of these complications and can cure many types of infections.
Can STDs Come Back?
In most cases, new exposures to STDs that you have already acquired in the past can cause you to get the infection again. Most treatments don’t protect you from developing the STD at a future time. If your partner has not been treated, you may pass the infection back and forth. Without the right precautions, you could acquire a second STD or a recurrence of the same infection. In addition, genital herpes virus infections can be recurrent after a single exposure.