Smoking, vaping and tobacco

Smoking, vaping and tobacco

Contents

Services and information

Quit smoking

How you can quit smoking or help others quit.

Effects of smoking

How smoking can impact your health.

Tobacco products and labelling

About tobacco products and label requirements.

Prevent smoking

How to say no to smoking and keep children smoke-free. Also test your tobacco knowledge.

Avoid second-hand smoke

The health risks of second-hand smoke and its dangers to pregnant women and their babies.

Smoking and tobacco use data

Tobacco survey results and Canada’s control strategy for lowering smoking rates.

Vaping

About vaping, vaping vs. smoking, risks of vaping, vaping product safety and regulation.

www.canada.ca

Describe a photo or picture

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Describe a photo or picture

In some speaking exams you have to talk about photos or pictures. The video and tips below will help you to do really well in this type of speaking exam.

Instructions

Watch the video of two students describing photos as part of a speaking exam. Then read the tips below.

Here are our top tips for describing a photo or a picture in an exam.

  • Look at your picture carefully and take a few moments to think before you start talking.
  • Talk for all the time you are given. If you have one minute to do the task, use every second.
  • Practise the useful language below so you can explain which part of the picture you are talking about.
  • Panic if you don’t know the words for all the things in the picture. You don’t need to know all the words for everything in the picture if you know what to say when you don’t know an exact word.
  • Get distracted and start talking about something else. Focus on the photo or picture.
  • Panic if your mind goes blank. Take a deep breath, look at the picture and start again.

If you are asked to describe a photo or a picture in the exam, here is some language you can use:

What is in the picture?

In the picture I can see .
There
s / There are .
There isn’t a . / There aren’t any .

Say what is happening with the present continuous

The man is . ing
The people are . ing
It’s raining.

Where in the picture?

At the top/bottom of the picture .
In the middle of the picture .
On the left/right of the picture .
next to
in front of
behind
near
on top of
under

If something isn’t clear

It looks like a .
It might be a .
He could be . ing
Maybe it’s a .

Worksheets and downloads

Transcript

Examiner: OK. You each have a picture. You’ve got one minute to look at your picture. Describe all that you can see in the picture and explain what you think is happening.

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Melissa: In the picture there is a man lying in the middle of the road and there is a car and a motorbike there. I believe there is a car accident and that guy is almost dying. And people are trying to save his life and in the bottom-right of the picture there’s a reporter holding a camera. And there is a policewoman or policeman and he’s trying to tell his partner to come, I think.

Examiner: OK. You each have a picture. You’ve got one minute to look at your picture. Describe all that you can see in the picture and explain what you think is happening.

Kelvin: So, in my picture there are three men. They’re holding water guns and shooting at each other. And they are laughing and I think they’re very excited about this. I think they could be celebrating some kind of festival because you know in Thailand they celebrate their New Year by splashing water on each other, so I think the two men in the photo are tourists. They have gone to Thailand to celebrate this festival. Yes.

learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org

Check Out These Inspiring Examples of Photography Websites

If you’re a photographer, you need a very different website from an online store owner, or a dentist, or a restaurant…you need one that puts your photographs front-and-center, without any distractions. A website with a “wow” effect.

There are lots of ways to create your own photography site—one that’s as distinctive as your own style. Take a look and see how these photographers did it.

Tips for Photography Websites

  • Keep your navigation menu short and simple. You’ll notice that in many of the websites here, the top navigations have Home, Portfolio, Blog, About, Contact, and that’s it! Anything more might just detract from your work.
  • Include some text on every page. You may think that your work speaks for itself, but it helps visitors to add some text describing who you are, how you work, and perhaps some context about each gallery. Also, remember that search engine crawlers can’t appreciate your photographs (one of the downsides of being a bot), but they can read your text, so adding text and alt tags to your photographs will help with your search engine ranking.
  • Don’t post every photo.
    Though it may be tempting to load your website with gallery after gallery, it pays to go through and edit your collections to only show your favorite work. There’s only so much that people can absorb when they browse your website, and you don’t want to overwhelm them. Learn more about Jimdo’s different Photo Galleries.
  • Link to all your social media profiles.Your website should be the central point for all of your social media profiles, so be sure to add clear links, whether as icons or as links in your footer or top navigation. Remember that you can also add your Instagram feed right to your website.
  • Keep updating your website, even after it’s “done.” You may have created the perfect website, but be sure to keep it up-to-date. Add new photographs and galleries to keep things fresh, or better yet add occasional blog posts with galleries showing off your latest projects. This will show search engines that your site is still active.

Examples of Awesome Photography Websites using Jimdo

Philipp Steiger

The decay is visible all over Philip’s website . Rusting cars, abandoned warehouses and magnificent decaying buildings are all part of Phillips chosen theme “the beauty of decay.” His ethereal landscape paintings are equally impressive, both individually and as compositions in the gallery view.

Chris Fiddrich

Chris’ breathtaking nature shots wouldn’t look out of place in someone’s living room. Powerful and atmospheric— it feels like you could reach in and touch the water. The hobby photographer shows off his skillful portraits in a chic gallery. Overall, the website is thoughtfully structured and definitely makes you want to see more!

Philip Heuser

Philip is a travel photographer. His motto? “Discover something new every day—always with a camera in hand.” Philip is true to his word, as you quickly discover when visiting his website . The photos are varied, colorful, and give an idea of how diverse his subjects are. We love the different category videos Phillip has used on his homepage.

Visual Aspect

Rebecca loves textures and it shows on her website . She plays with close-ups of walls or wood panels in her background images to give her website a unique character. In addition to her photography, Rebecca shows a selection of her own illustrations. You can find even more on her Instagram profile. Very artsy!

Lunaphelia

Lunaphelia roughly translates from Latin as “the girl who loves the moon.” Swiss photographer Linda understands “photography as a form of expression” and likes to play with the mysterious atmosphere of the moon on her website . We particularly like the section on her website with “Tips and Tricks,” where she passes on her photography tips to visitors. The site is still under construction, but it’s already looking impressive.

Mor Yossef Photography

Mor Yossef lives in Maastricht and has a broad portfolio ranging from weddings to portraits and baby photography. He’s all about “capturing the spirit of an extraordinary, or even everyday moment.” That’s what Mor says “sets a mere snapshot apart from a real photo.” He keeps his website simple with only four subpages and lets the photos speak for themselves.

Mary & Dean

Wedding photographers Mary and Dean work together to capture a couples’ special moment. They have an impressive collection on their website and make it clear that even classic wedding photos don’t have to look rigid and posed. We really like their fancy logo lettering on the background image of the landing page.

Neumann photo

Daniel was a hobby photographer until 2016, when he turned his passion into a career. His specialty is weddings, family celebrations, baby photography and couples photoshoots. Visitors can browse through the different parts of his portfolio and get an idea of his style. We really like that visitors can easily find packages and prices clearly laid out on his website, so there are no surprises!

Thank you to all the Jimdo users who let us show off their amazing websites! Do you have a photography website you’d like to share? Or any tricks you’ve learned from building your own site? Let us know in the comments.

www.jimdo.com

Photoshop Basics Tutorials

Learn the basics of Adobe Photoshop! These tutorials are perfect for Photoshop beginners or anyone who just needs to refresh their skills, covering the essentials topics you need to know to get up to speed with Photoshop quickly! Use the links below to jump to lesson chapters and other popular topics, or scroll down for our latest Photoshop Basics tutorials!

Lesson chapters

Popular links:

All of our Photoshop tutorials are now available to download as PDFs!

Latest Photoshop Basics tutorials

How to Keep Photoshop Always Up to Date

Not sure if you’re running the latest version of Photoshop? Learn how easy it is to keep Photoshop up to date using the Adobe Creative Cloud app!

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Free Transform in Photoshop – New Features and Changes

Get up to speed with the latest features, updates and changes to Free Transform in Photoshop. Now updated for Photoshop CC 2020.

How to use Free Transform in Photoshop

Learn how to scale, rotate, flip, skew and distort images using Free Transform in Photoshop CC 2020!

Photoshop Tools and Toolbar Overview

Learn all about Photoshop’s tools and the toolbar, including a complete summary of the nearly 70 tools available in the latest version of Photoshop!

How to use Content-Aware Fill in Photoshop CC 2020

Learn how to remove unwanted objects or repair missing detail in your images with the powerful and improved Content-Aware Fill workspace in Photoshop CC 2020!

Drawing Custom Shapes with the Shapes Panel in Photoshop CC 2020

Learn how the new Shapes panel in Photoshop CC 2020 makes drawing custom shapes easier than ever, and where to find hundreds of new shapes now included with Photoshop!

New Ways to Add Gradients in Photoshop CC 2020

Adding gradients to images, shapes and type is now faster and easier than ever with the new Gradients panel in Photoshop CC 2020.

The New Gradients and Gradients Panel in Photoshop CC 2020

Learn all about the new Gradients panel in Photoshop CC 2020, the amazing new gradient presets now included with Photoshop, and how to create, edit and save your own gradients and gradient sets!

Create Color Swatches from Images in Photoshop CC 2020

Learn how to turn photos into color swatches by sampling colors directly from images, and how to save your colors as custom swatch sets, in the latest version of Photoshop CC!

Drag and Drop Color Swatches in Photoshop CC 2020

Learn how the improved Swatches panel in Photoshop CC 2020 makes it easy to drag and drop colors directly into your document.

Work Anywhere with Cloud Documents in Photoshop CC 2020

Learn how to save your work as a cloud document in Photoshop CC 2020 so you can keep working on any PC, Mac or iPad where you’re logged in to the Creative Cloud!

Warp Images with the Enhanced Warp Tool in Photoshop CC 2020

Learn how to warp images like never before with the improved and enhanced Warp Tool in Photoshop CC 2020!

How to Turn Your Photoshop Brush into an Eraser

Want to erase with the same Photoshop brush you’re painting with? Learn two easy ways to instantly turn your brush into an eraser, including a brand new way in Photoshop CC 2020!

How to use the Object Selection Tool in Photoshop CC 2020

Learn how to use Photoshop’s newest selection tool that lets you quickly select people, animals or other objects in your photos just by dragging around them!

Using Layer Effects and Layer Styles in Photoshop CC 2020 – Complete Guide

Everything you need to know to add and edit layer effects and layer styles in Photoshop CC 2020, including a look at CC 2020’s new layer style presets, gradients, patterns and more!

Photoshop’s Brush Tool Hidden Tips and Tricks

Learn secret, pro-level tips and tricks to use with Photoshop’s brushes and the Brush Tool, including the best ways to change your brush size, choose brush colors, switch between brush blend modes, and more!

How to Open Images in Photoshop CC

Learn all the ways to open images in Photoshop, including how to use the new Home Screen and the difference between opening JPEG and raw files!

How to Create New Documents in Photoshop CC

Everything you need to know to create new documents and begin your adventure in the latest version of Photoshop!

How to Avoid Losing Your Original Images in Photoshop

Want to avoid overwriting and losing your original images when working in Photoshop? Keep them safe with these simple but important tips!

Restore the Legacy Free Transform command in Photoshop CC 2019

Classic Free Transform is back in Photoshop CC 2019! Learn how to restore the original Free Transform behavior with the new Use Legacy Free Transform option!

How to Merge Layers in Photoshop Without Flattening Your Image

Need to merge layers in Photoshop? Don’t flatten the image and lose all your work. Learn how to merge a copy of your existing layers onto a separate layer!

How to Copy Layer Effects in Photoshop

Learn how to quickly copy your layer effects and styles to other layers and layer groups in Photoshop!

Photoshop Layers Tip: How to Auto-Select Layers

Work faster in Photoshop by learning how to auto-select layers. This tutorial shows you how to auto-select single layers, multiple layers, and even layer groups!

How to Add Contact and Copyright Info to Images with Photoshop

Learn how to protect and promote your work online by adding contact and copyright details to your images with Photoshop!

Photoshop Layer Masks Advanced Tips and Tricks

Unlock the full power of Photoshop layer masks with over a dozen must-know tips and tricks. Learn how to copy, move, feather and fade layer masks, and more!

How to use Paint Symmetry in Photoshop CC 2019

Learn how to easily create fun, symmetrical artwork and designs using the new Paint Symmetry feature in Photoshop CC 2019!

Photoshop CC 2019’s Type Changes – Live Type Previews and More

Learn all about Live Type Previews, the Type Tool’s new Auto-Select feature, and more improvements to how we add type and edit text in Photoshop CC 2019!

Place Images into Shapes with the New Frame Tool in Photoshop CC 2019

The new Frame Tool in Photoshop CC 2019 makes it easier than ever to place images into shapes! Learn how to draw frames, how to place images into your frames, how to swap images with other images, and more!

Preview Layer Blend Modes on the Fly in Photoshop CC 2019

Choosing layer blend modes in Photoshop is now easier than ever with blend mode live previews, a new feature in Photoshop CC 2019!

How to Crop Photos in Photoshop CC – Complete Guide

Our complete guide to cropping images in Photoshop includes how to use the Crop Tool, how to straighten images, crop photos to exact frame sizes, and more!

How to use Content-Aware Crop in Photoshop CC

Learn how content-aware cropping in Photoshop CC can add more room to your photos by filling empty space with matching detail!

Crop and Resize Photos to Match Frame Sizes with Photoshop CC

Learn how to easily crop and resize your photos to any frame size you need using the Crop Tool in Photoshop!

Using the Perspective Crop Tool in Photoshop

Learn how to crop your images and fix perspective distortions at the same time using the Perspective Crop Tool in Photoshop! For Photoshop CC and CS6.

How to Resize Images in Photoshop – Complete Guide

Learn everything you need to know about resizing images in Photoshop, including how to resize for print, for the web and more, in this complete learning guide!

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How to Resize Pixel Art in Photoshop

Need to resize pixel art? Learn how to enlarge your artwork and keep those blocky shapes looking crisp and sharp with Photoshop!

The Truth About Image Resolution, File Size and the Web

Still think you need to lower the resolution of your images in Photoshop before uploading them to the web? Learn why it’s just not true, and why image resolution has no effect at all on file size or download speed!

How to Calculate Image Size in Photoshop

Learn how Photoshop calculates the file size of your image, why the image size changes as you change the number of pixels, and how easy it is to figure out the file size on your own!

How to Resize Images for Email and Photo Sharing with Photoshop

Learn how easy it is to resize photos for emailing to family and friends, and for sharing online, using the Image Size command in Photoshop!

How to Resize Images for Print with Photoshop

Learn everything you need to know to resize photos for print with Photoshop and get the highest quality prints every time!

Photoshop’s Image Size Command – Features and Tips

Learn all about Photoshop CC’s powerful Image Size command and how to get the most from its great image resizing features!

Pixels, Image Size and Image Resolution in Photoshop

Want the best results when resizing images in Photoshop? Start by learning all about pixels, image size and image resolution!

Photoshop Blend Modes Tips and Tricks

Blending images in Photoshop is easier than ever with these great blend mode tips and tricks! Includes a complete list of blend mode keyboard shortcuts!

Photoshop Crop Tool Tips and Tricks

Learn the Crop Tool essential tips and tricks to speed up your workflow when cropping images in Photoshop! For Photoshop CC and CS6.

How to Crop Images in Photoshop CC

Learn how to crop images, how to straighten images, and how to crop an image non-destructively using the Crop Tool in Photoshop CC. Complete step-by-step tutorial.

Best Way to Watermark Images in Photoshop CC

Learn the fastest and easiest way to add watermarks to your images using the power of linked smart objects in Photoshop!

Resize Images Without Losing Quality with Photoshop Smart Objects

Learn how to scale and resize images in Photoshop without losing quality using the power of smart objects, and why smart objects look so much better!

How To Merge Layers As Smart Objects In Photoshop

Learn the best way to merge layers in Photoshop by merging them as editable smart objects, and how smart objects let us work with merged layers non-destructively!

How To Copy Smart Objects In Photoshop

Learn how to copy a smart object in Photoshop, an essential skill for creating layouts and templates. You’ll learn the difference between the New Layer via Copy command and New Smart Object via Copy, and which one will give you the results you need!

How To Edit Smart Objects In Photoshop

Take advantage of one of Photoshop’s most powerful features by learning how to edit and replace the contents of a smart object!

How To Use Smart Filters In Photoshop

Still using Photoshop’s regular filters and damaging your images? Upgrade your skills to the power and freedom of editable, non-destructive Smart Filters!

www.photoshopessentials.com

How to Quit Smoking: 13 Tips to End Addiction

No. 1: Know Why You Want to Quit

Quitting smoking is a perfect idea! Get a powerful, motivating reason and do it now! Do it for yourself: to feel better and look younger, and to reduce your chance of getting lung cancer. Do it for your family: protect your loved ones from secondhand smoke.

No. 2: Don’t Go Cold Turkey

It’s not common to successfully quit smoking by stopping immediately. Most people who quit «cold turkey» end up smoking again. Nicotine addiction can require gradual tapering to avoid withdrawal symptoms.

No. 3: Try Nicotine-Replacement Therapy

Nicotine withdrawal can cause restlessness, depression, and can lead to frustration. Cravings can be overwhelming. Nicotine replacement treatments including nicotine gum, patches, and lozenges can help. Do not smoke while using nicotine replacements.

No. 4: Ask About Prescription Pills

Discuss nicotine replacement with your doctor. There are prescription medications that can reduce the craving for cigarettes and reduce withdrawal symptoms.

No. 5: Don’t Go It Alone

Friends and family can encourage and support you while you are quitting smoking. Some find support groups and/or counselors helpful. Behavioral therapy is often used with success. When these methods are combined with nicotine replacement therapy, your odds of success in quitting can increase.

No. 6: Manage Stress

Stress reduction techniques are helpful when quitting smoking. Helpful methods can include yoga, tai chi, music, massage, and exercise.

No. 7: Avoid Alcohol, Other Triggers

Alcohol can be a trigger that causes people to return to smoking. Similarly, coffee and meals can cause relapses. Find your triggers, and replace them with other activities. Some find it helpful to brush teeth or chew gum after eating.

No. 8: Clean House

Clear your home of anything that reminds you of smoking. Remove ashtrays and lighters from your home and wash your clothes, upholstery, draperies, and carpets. Air fresheners will also help to eliminate that familiar smell.

No. 9: Try and Try Again

Relapses are common. If you relapse into smoking, analyze your situation and what might have triggered you to smoke again. Redefine your commitment and set a «quit date» and do it!

No. 10: Get Moving

Exercise activity can reduce nicotine cravings and withdrawal symptoms. When you feel like smoking, go move and find an activity you enjoy. This can also help to keep your weight optimal.

No. 11: Eat Fruits and Veggies

Don’t worry about dieting during the early stages of quitting smoking. Focus on eating healthy foods. Of note, vegetables, fruits, and low-fat dairy products tend to make cigarettes taste poorly, according to a Duke University study.

No. 12: Choose Your Reward

Another benefit of stopping smoking is financial. Reward yourself by spending your extra money on something that you enjoy or saving for something you really want!

No. 13: Do It for Your Health

The real reward in stopping smoking is improved health. Stopping smoking lowers your blood pressure, decreases your risk of heart attack and stroke, as well as lung and other forms of cancer.

IMAGES PROVIDED BY:

  1. Sami Sarkis / Photographer’s Choice /Photolibrary
  2. Stuart McClymont / Stone / Getty Images
  3. Image Source
  4. Jupiter Images Unlimited
  5. Marcin Balcerzak / iStockphoto
  6. Jacob Wackerhausen / iStockphoto
  7. Terje Rakke / The Image Bank / Getty Images
  8. Image Source / ArtLife Images
  9. Charles Thatcher / Stone / Getty Images
  10. Aimin Tang / iStockphoto
  11. UpperCut Images / ArtLife Images
  12. Jupiter Images Unlimited
  13. Justin Horrocks / iStockphoto
  • UpToDate: «Quitting smoking (Beyond the Basics)»

www.onhealth.com

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