Scabies Symptoms & Treatments
Scabies Symptoms & Treatments
- 1 Scabies Symptoms & Treatments
- 2 Symptom #1: Pruritus
- 3 Scabies – Symptoms, Causes, Images, Rash, Treatment, Remedies
- 4 Scabies rash: Three signs of the skin mites and how to get rid of them
- 5 Scabies Mite: Can Scabies Mites be Seen?
- 6 What is a scabies mite?
- 7 Where does scabies mite live?
- 8 Can scabies mites be seen? What does a mite bite look like on a human?
- 9 What is the life cycle of the scabies mite?
- 10 What happens when scabies mite burrows under the skin?
- 11 How long does scabies mite live without a human host? How long can scabies live in furniture?
- 12 Scabies – Causes, Picture, Symptoms and Treatment
- 13 Sarcoptes scabiei:
- 14 Norwegian Scabies:
- 15 Causes of Scabies:
- 16 Symptoms for Scabies:
- 17 Diagnosis of Scabies:
- 18 Scabies Treatment
- 19 Prevention of Scabies:
Scabies is the infestation of your skin by a mite known as Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis. The scabies mite is so small it is better seen using a microscope. It burrows under the upper layer of your skin while living and laying its eggs there. This infestation can be found worldwide and affect all individuals regardless of age, race, or social class. Globally, there are millions of scabies cases every year! In crowded conditions such as nursing homes, prisons, child care facilities, and extended care facilities where there is frequent close body or skin contact, scabies can spread very fast.
The scabies mite is spread through skin to skin contact via a person who has scabies. In individuals who have never had scabies, the symptoms may take four to six weeks before it begins. It is crucial to remember that in this time (even before symptoms), this person can spread scabies. In individuals who have had scabies, symptoms appear much faster, as soon as one to four days after there is exposure.
LetвЂ™s have a look at 5 scabies symptoms followed by 5 scabies treatments.
Symptom #1: Pruritus
Pruritus is a medical term that describes intense itching. In scabies, when the human itch mite burrows under the top layer of skin, the skin reacts to the presence of the mite and its eggs, causing the development of an itchy rash. The itchiness peaks at night and can be so intense that the affected individual is unable to sleep.
The commonest sites where the rash and itching occur are the wrist, armpit, webs between the fingers, elbow, nipple, waist, belt line, penis and buttocks. The itching is aggravated by warmth. Itchiness as a symptom of scabies infestation is less often in the elderly.
Scabies – Symptoms, Causes, Images, Rash, Treatment, Remedies
Last Updated On July 18, 2016 By surekha
Scabies is a contagious skin disease caused by mite. It attacks men, women and children and spreads by direct contact or sharing of clothes. The mites enter the skin and deposit eggs which on maturing produces itchy rash on the skin. Itching at night, rashes in fingers and sores on the skin are the symptoms of scabies. Usually the eggs will stay on the burrows of the skin for 20 days which is the incubation period.
Treatment for scabies can be obtained over the counter medicines. Creams which contain benzyl benzoate like is Permethrin is prescribed for this skin disease. The topical ointment should be applied on the infected part. Even when the other members of the family do not have symptoms, the cream should be applied, as a precautionary measure. Washing the under garments in hot water will prevent spreading. In severe cases, the doctor will ask you to take oral drugs for killing the mites inside the skin. These creams are very effective and should be rightly followed as prescribed by your doctor.
What Is Scabies?
Scabies is a type of itchy skin disease and is contagious easily spreading from one to the other. It is caused by Sarcopetes scabiei, a tiny mite and hence the name “scabies”. The mite actually lives on the skin laying millions of eggs and reproducing aggravating the condition of itching. Often the condition becomes worse at night causing intense itching. Scabies can spread easily by mere physical contact. However it can be treated with suitable medications like permithrine cream or lotion and with antihistamines. Strong medications would destroy the eggs of the mites but you may continue to have itching for few weeks.
Each year around 300 million fresh cases of scabies are reported in the world. Often it spreads by using the clothing or sharing bedding of infested person.
Scabies Symptoms :
Characteristic symptom of scabies infection is persistent itching of the skin which gets worse at night. It can cause tiny bumps on the skin showing thin burrowing tracks of the mite. These tracks can be seen on close observation in the folds of the skin as raised lines.
The following parts of the body get largely affected with itching :-
- In the armpits
- Between the fingers
- Inner elbow
- Inside of your wrists
- Around breasts
- Around the genitals
- On your buttocks and rectum
- On the soles of feet
- On your knees and shoulder blades
In infants intense itching may occur on the face, neck, palms and soles (of feet) and even on the scalp. The baby would cry due to persistent itching during night. Once the scabies mite enters your body it might take as long as 6 weeks for getting the first symptom. The symptoms would appear fast in those who have already had this infection. Due to repeated scratching, the skin develops red sores also.
In severe cases, it can cause thick crusts on the skin each of which contains hundreds of eggs. This condition is known as crusted scabies which is more contagious than normal scabies infection. Widespread crusts that are thick and grayish which crumbles easily by touching are the hallmark of crusted scabies. Crusted scabies appear on people with intense immunity disorders like HIV/AIDS and those who are using steroids for arthritis.
Scabies Causes :
Scabies is caused by tiny mite called Sarcopetes scabiei, which makes tiny burrows below your skin and lays eggs in it. These eggs get hatched making further eggs and reproducing mites in large scale. The body would trigger allergic response in response to the presence of mites and their eggs which is the cause for intense itching. Any type of physical contact with the infested person/child can spread the mites to your body. Sharing clothing and bedding can also spread the infection to others.
Pictures of Scabies :
Images, Pics, Pictures and Photos of Scabies
Mode Of Transmission :
Scabies infection can spread in the following ways primarily.
- By having intimate contact like sexual intercourse with affected person
- By making skin contact like holding hands or hugging closely with skin-to-skin contact.
- By sharing clothes or bed with the person infected with scabies.
Scabies infection spreads quickly to the entire family members and sex partners of infected person. It is highly contagious in nursing homes, day care centers, schools and even in sports team.
Your doctor would listen to the symptoms and examines your skin checking for specific lines or burrows made by mites. He would gently remove tiny skin area to be tested in the lab for the presence of mites.
Scabies Treatment :
The main goal of treating scabies is to completely destroy the mites and their eggs with medications. The given ointment or lotion should be applied all over the body from your face to soles of your feet leaving no space. The medication should be left on the body for 6-8 hours for killing the burrows and eggs completely. You will have to take a second course of medication if fresh burrows or rashes appear on the skin.
It is necessary to treat all the members of your family and even the close contacts even they do not show any symptoms. Your doctor may prescribe permethrin cream which is effective in killing the mites and eggs. You can apply this cream on the entire body at night and wash it only in the morning. Alternatively you can use lindane lotion if the above given cream is not tolerated by your body. However this cream is not recommended for pregnant women and nursing mothers and children below 2 years.
Doctors may prescribe Eurax cream or Stromectol lotion also for treating scabies. Itching may not get controlled for several weeks even after you have completed the course of medication. You may use antihistamines like Benadryl for managing intense itching at night. For people with crusted scabies, antibiotic therapy is given in combination with steroid creams.
Scabies Home Remedies :
In addition of using drugs and creams given by your doctor, you can try some of these home remedies to manage itching.
- Soak your body in cool water for several minutes. You can apply wet compression on the skin in the affected areas to control itching.
- Use Calamine lotion to get relief from itching and scratching pain on the entire body and leave it for few hours before washing.
- The mites of scabies can live up to 72 hours before falling from your body. So it might take few days to get relief from complete itching.
- You should make sure to change the towels, bedding and clothing. Wash all the clothes in hot water and dry it in complete sunlight or use the dryer on high heat for 10 minutes.
- In case you cannot wash some clothes at home you can dry-clean them. Otherwise place all such items and clothing in a sealed bag and leave it in your backyard or garage for couple of weeks so that mites would starve and die.
Scabies rash: Three signs of the skin mites and how to get rid of them
SCABIES rash is a result of an infestation by scabies mites and can cause huge amounts of skin irritation to the carrier. Because the mites are difficult to spot the best way to know if you you’ve got them is to look for three signs in the rash.
Scabies is a contagious skin condition caused by the scabies mite. It causes itching and a rash and usually spreads across the whole body.
The scabies mite is a tiny parasite, smaller than a pinhead, and they’re usually passed on by direct skin-to-skin contact with someone who already has scabies.
People with scabies will usually have on average about a dozen adult mites on their skin.
So how do you know if you’ve got the scabies rash? There are three signs to look out for, according to the NHS.
Scabies is a contagious skin condition caused by the scabies mite. It causes itching and a rash and usually spreads across the whole body
One of the first symptoms it says to look out for is intense itching, especially at night, and after the tiny mites lay eggs in the skin, you may notice silvery lines with a dot at one end.
The second sign to watch out for is the rash can appear anywhere, but often it starts between the fingers.
Finally, the third sign is the rash spreads and turns into tiny red spots.
The health body adds: “The scabies rash usually spreads across the whole body — apart from the head.
“Elderly people, young children and those with a weakened immune system may also develop a rash on their head and neck.”
So how can you get rid of scabies? The British Association of Dermatologists advises the treatment of scabies involves using medication to get rid of scabies, and then making sure that you, family members, friends and any sexual contacts are all treated at the same time whether they are itchy or not.
Scabies rash: Three signs can identify the scabies rash (Image: GETTY)
It says: “Several preparations are effective in the treatment of scabies. Of these, permethrin cream and malathion liquid are the ones used most commonly in the UK.
“It is worth checking that the preparation you have been given is one specially designed for use in scabies, as both agents are available in several formulations, some of which are useful only for head lice.”
The treatment should then be applied to all areas of the skin below the neck and left on for at least 12 hours before being washed off.
When you wash your hands or any part of your body the treatment should be re-applied.
Two treatments, one week apart, are necessary to kill the mites and some may have hatched out from eggs after the first application.
Scabies rash: The mites burrow under the skin and are passed on by direct skin-to-skin contact (Image: GETTY)
Scabies rash: The mites are smaller than a pinhead and cause the carrier lots of itching (Image: GETTY)
You should then put bedding and clothes on a high temperature to wash to eradicate mites.
A more visible infestation you may discover in your bed sheets is bed bugs.
Bed bug bites tend to be painless but some people can experience nasty reactions which can leave them itching and scratching for days.
They’re insects that live in the cracks and crevices in and around beds and can be difficult to spot for a number of reasons — one being that they crawl out at night and bite exposed skin.
They’re also very small, with adult bedbugs only growing up to 5mm long — a similar size to an apple seed.
One of the best indicators you have bed bugs is to distinguish the bites. The NHS lists five signs that show you’ve been bitten.
Scabies Mite: Can Scabies Mites be Seen?
What is a scabies mite?
Scabies mite refers to the mites that cause the condition scabies . The mite is scientifically known as Sarcoptes scabiei. These mites burrow into the skin of infected humans. Some of the characteristics of scabies mites are:
- They are small eight-legged parasites.
- They are very tiny, just 1/3 millimeter long.
- They burrow into the skin and produce intense itching, which is worse at night.
- The mites that infest humans are female (the males are about half the size of female).
- The scabies mites can only crawl to travel to another place. They cannot fly or jump.
- They are inactive and cannot move at temperatures below 20 degree C but may survive at these temperatures for a very long time period.
Where does scabies mite live?
Scabies mites burrow under the skin of people affected by the condition. They can live anywhere on the body, but some of their favorite spots include:
- Between the fingers
- The folds of the wrist, elbow and knee
- Around the navel and the waistline
- On the breasts and genitals
- In very young children, the scabies mite can be found on the head, face, neck, palms and soles
Can scabies mites be seen? What does a mite bite look like on a human?
People affected with scabies only carry 10 to 15 mites at any given time. Each mite is very small in size which is less than half a millimeter long. This makes them very difficult to spot. To a naked eye, they may look like some random tiny black dots on the skin.
A microscope or a magnifying glass can easily identify the mites, their eggs and fecal matter. A skin scraping of the infected person is taken and is analyzed under the microscope for the inspection.
What is the life cycle of the scabies mite?
The entire life cycle of scabies mite is described in the following points:
- The female mite tunnels into the skin and deposits her eggs on the area.
- Normally, it takes three to ten days for eggs to hatch. Three-legged larvae emerge and make their way to the skin surface. Under the skin, they form shorter burrows which are called “molting pouches”. The larvae stage lasts for three to four days.
- After three to four days, larvae molt into four-legged nymphs.
- The scabies nymph molts again into an adult mite who is ready to breed.
- The adult mites linger in shallow pouches in the skin, feeding off the human host and looking for a mate. Once mite finds a mate, the newly-impregnated louse creates a new burrow of her own and begins to lay eggs.
Scabies mites live anywhere (on the body of the infected person) between one and two months. They lay two or three eggs daily during this time. Only ten percent of these eggs hatch and most of the scabies infections are because of a minuscule number of female scabies mites.
What happens when scabies mite burrows under the skin?
The whole burrowing process and movement of the mites cause intense itching to the infected person. This itching is caused because of a type of allergic reaction to mite proteins.
The symptoms may take time (like four to six weeks after the initial infestation) to show up if the person is having his first encounter to the condition (he has never been exposed to scabies before). While in case of individuals who have been exposed in the past, the symptoms usually show up within a few days.
How long does scabies mite live without a human host? How long can scabies live in furniture?
The scabies mites cannot lay eggs anywhere else but in the burrows created by them. They can only survive for 72 hours in the environment such as in furniture. If the infection remains untreated, it can cause symptoms for years. Read about treatment of scabies .
Scabies – Causes, Picture, Symptoms and Treatment
Written by Vijayan Sankar
Reading Time: 11 minutes
Table of Contents
Skin is the clothing of the body and everyone wants to keep it good and be comfortable with it. Scabies is one disease which could play spoilsport with the skin. It gives not only a bad and ugly skin but also severe itching which could be a big problem in the society. Hence to know about scabies and keep good and glowing skin keep reading.
Scabies is common with the human from the ancient times. The Bible and Aristotle have mentioned scabies in the form of lice and mites. But only the Roman Encyclopedist Aulus Cornelius Celsus at the time of turnaround from BC to AD coined the name Scabies.
The name Scabies is from the Latin word Scabere which means scratching. The disease was also called flesh worms of the human body in the 16th century.
Scabies, when coupled with secondary bacterial infection, can cause sores. This development of sores can lead to serious ailments including septicemia, heart disease, and kidney failure.
Scabies even today affects 300 million people around the world annually. A survey reports that 1 – 10 % of the world population is affected by scabies and the percentage could be more between 50 – 80 % in certain demographical locations. Hence the WHO has brought Scabies under the neglected tropical diseases list.
scabies infected hand
Scabies is a contagious skin disease caused by the infestation of the itch mite Sarcoptes Scabiei. It is highly transmittable by just skin to skin contact. This disease can affect anyone and of all ages. This is the third most common skin disease among children who are the most affected because of transmission.
Scabies causes red, itching bumps and blisters on the skin. The itching could be very severe and intolerable if untreated. Scabies form pimple like rashes, creases, blisters on the skin in all parts of the body and for some only in certain parts of the body.
Scabies is not an indication of poor hygiene and is also not transmitted from animals because the mites from animals cannot breed on humans.
Scabies is also considered to be one of STD or Sexually transmitted disease. But it is also not true. Only because of the close contact of the bodies during intercourse the scabies is transmitted from one partner to the other through the creases of the blistered skin or of the infected sexual organs.
There were recent outbreak or scabies in the western world. In Texas and Charlotte N.C. there was a scabies outbreak in 2015. In 2017 there was an outbreak of Scabies in Dayton, Ohio.
Sarcoptes scabiei is the parasitic mite which causes Scabies. This eight-legged mite is only 0.2 mm to 0.4 mm length and cannot be seen easily by naked eye. Only through a magnifying glass, these mites can be observed on the skin.
Scabies mites can only crawl on the skin and cannot jump or fly. Their movement is not much felt because of their size but ‘S’ shaped burrows on the skin could indicate the movement of the mites. They are immobile or cannot move below 20 degree Celsius.
These parasitic mites are found in all parts of the world and affect all kinds of mammals including humans. The female mites infest the stratum corneum human skin and deposits eggs in the burrow. They lay 3 to 5 eggs per day and the larvae hatch between 3 to 10 days and move about the skin.
Female mites after one mating with the male can produce eggs for more than a month and burrow in under the skin.
The eggs are .01 to .15 mm in length and they form larvae which are six-legged. These six-legged larvae migrate to the skin surface and molt to become eight-legged parasitic Sarcoptes scabiei mite.
Within a month which is the period of no symptom of scabies they root well in the bottom of the skin and start spreading all over the body. The old and the weak immune people are more affected.
The thread-like tunnels of about 10 mm long may be visible as grey lines on the skin. Scabies on the genitals forms as small itchy lumps.
Infestation period is 2 – 6 weeks for first-time infected persons. It rapidly spreads for persons who are affected for more than once. The infestation period is only 1 – 5 days for these previously affected people.
Even without any visible infection rashes or itches, scabies could be transmitted in the infestation period. This is a real danger of outbreaks as persons come into contact with each other because of no symptoms. Even the clothing, bedspreads, bed sheets, towels and other clothing related to the infected person could transmit scabies.
From October 1998 to February 1999 there was an outbreak of Scabies in a nursing home in Norwegia. Nearly 14 persons were affected.
Crusted scabies is called as Norwegian Scabies. And the incident in the nursing home of fast infestation for several patients only got crusted scabies the name of Norwegian scabies.
Crusted scabies is a condition when hundreds of thousands of mites and eggs are formed on the elderly, weakened immune system people, HIV patients, Lymphoma and other diseases which causes severe damage due to scabies. The disease becomes highly contagious because of thick bristle crusts which form on the skin with the worms and eggs.
Causes of Scabies:
The only cause of scabies is the parasitic mite Sarcoptes Scabiei. Scabies is an itchy contagious skin disease. The mites get into the contact of the human skin and form the disease. Direct contact of skin to skin is the main way of transmission of scabies.
Even though poor hygiene is not the reason for the cause of scabies it rapidly spreads among homeless people, highly populated demographical locations where the skin contact is more common. Mother to babies and children are the most common form of transmission within families.
Unlike other skin diseases which are mainly caused by allergies, genetics, and viruses, scabies is only by the parasitic mite scabiei.
The common causes of scabies are as follows :
Sexual contact :
Body contact during intercourse is the main reason for the transmission of scabies from one human to another. The close proximity of the skin of the two persons makes it easily possible for the parasitic mites to be infested into the person from an affected person.
This is more possible during the initial infested period when the rashes or other symptoms are not visible in the affected person’s skin.
Though it could spread even from the reproductive organs because of infection it is not considered as one of the STD disease or the sexually transmitted disease.
Dresses and bed sheets :
The dresses and mainly the undergarments of the infected person when comes into contact with other clothes transmit infection. This is because the mites have a lifetime of approximately around 48 hours of survival even without a human host.
The bed sheets, bedspreads, towels, and other related things when people share for a living cause the transmission of scabies.
The handshake and holding hands:
A person affected with scabies on shaking hands or holding hands of an unaffected person could transmit scabies. This is the reason for the outbreak of scabies in most community centers, clinics, schools, prisons, and hospitals.
Symptoms for Scabies:
Symptoms are the saviors of scabies. Once the symptom surfaces on the skin and other forms, immediate care and caution should be taken. This is not only to save the affected person from many sufferings and ailments but also to prevent transmission.
Since the life cycle of Scabiei for the first time an infected person takes nearly 2 to 5 weeks, it is complicated to identify the symptoms of the infected person.
Some common symptoms for scabies:
This is the most common symptom of scabies. The scabies mites present on the skin and in the epidermis layer cause this itching on the skin.
This appears in the form of grey lines on the skin and causes severe itching. This could be in any part of the body. The more it gets severe without treatment the more is the itching.
The itching mainly increases in the night due to the decrease in temperature which makes the mites more active.
The burrows are caused by the mite on various parts of the body of all age groups. They are about 10 mm in length “S’ grey lines on the skin showing the movement of the mite. This appears mostly on the folding parts of the human body.
Some of the parts of the human body where burrows are formed:
- Inner elbows
- Around the waist
- On the soles of the feet
- Between the fingers
- Around the breasts
- Genital parts
- On the knees
- Inside the wrists
- For babies and children, they are mainly found in the following parts
- On the palms
- Soles of the feet
- Under the finger and toenails
This is common with children who are unable to scratch the itching because of the bite of the mite. Bigger nodules of 2 to 20 mm length could appear in infants.
Thick crusts on the skin indicate the severity of the infection and could be the cause of Crust scabies or Norwegian scabies. These thick crusts contain tens of thousands of eggs, larvae, and mites.
They are common with the elderly, immune deficient people and should be treated immediately.
The other common symptoms of scabies are the lesions caused by the mite bite which are in the form of the following indications:
- Redness of skin
- Red pimples
Diagnosis of Scabies:
Scabies can be easily self-diagnosed by the red rashes or blisters on the skin. It is to be properly diagnosed to not to get confused with other insect bites and various other skin diseases. Hence once the itching is severe and the rashes become more prominent on the skin it is time to consult a doctor.
The doctor after a clinical examination of the blisters and rashes try to extract a mite from the affected places. If that is not possible the doctor scraps a part of the affected and skin and sends it for microscopic examination which clearly diagnoses the reason for the infection.
Other types of diagnosis of scabies:
PCR Test :
PCR Test Polymerase Chain Reaction test is done to identify the genetic material of the scabies mites. This is done in cases where the microscopic test fails due to the less presence of eggs, larvae, and mites in the affected skin portion.
Biopsy of the affected part’s scraped skin is also done to confirm the mites in the skin. Skin biopsies are done to identify scabies from other skin diseases like eczema. Biopsy also will establish the severity of the mites in the skin. This is done mainly in the crusted scabies.
BIT or Burrow Ink Test is very common in the African countries and could be tested at home itself. Ink from the fountain pen is gently applied on the infected site of the skin. Excess ink is wiped off with an alcohol swab. The burrow is visible as a wavy ink filled line in the stratum corneum where the mite has tunneled and laid eggs.
This recently developed diagnosis involves identifying the mite with an epiluminescence microscopy or Dermatoscope. This confirms the triangular structure of the mite and could view the anterior part with the first two legs. This gives the clear confirmation of the diagnoses of Scabiei mites for the skin disease.
Once the scabies mite infection is confirmed the doctor treatment should be given immediately.
Some general ways of scabies treatment:
- Since scabies are caused by parasitic mites any home remedy is first ruled out.
- Over the counter medicines are also proved not effective and have not produced any significant remedies.
- Scabies is first treated by an emergency doctor who is usually a general medical practitioner or a Pediatrician. Depending on the severity of the disease the dermatologist should be consulted for treatment.
- The general treatment is applying cream or lotions of various combination of medicines.
- The dermatologist will also recommend the full family to undergo this treatment of applying lotions and creams.
- The lotions and creams should be applied not only to the affected area but also of the full body from head to toe for infants and in adults from neck to toe and in some cases even in the face. The cream applied should be left on the skin for a minimum of 10 hours.
- Even after applying the creams some eggs and mites may be left alive on the burrows. Hence a second time of applying is still required until the formation of fresh lesions on the skin is stopped.
- The itching could still continue even after curing. This should not be confused with the second time of infestation until the fresh lesions are found on the skin.
- Scabies treatment for the full family is totally necessary since for second-time infestation of scabies mites are fast and very severe.
Medical treatments for scabies:
Elimite or Permethrin Cream:
This is the universal medicine to kill the scabies mites and cure scabies. This can be applied from infants 2 months old to people of any age.
This is safe for a pregnant woman also. The 5 % permethrin chemical in the cream kills the mites fast for the first time infested people.
This cream should be left overnight or for more than ten hours on the skin and then washed off.
This should be continued for a minimum of 7 days. This is to kill not only the mites but also the larvae and eggs burrowed in the skin.
Lindane treatment is given to patients only when they are not cured with other treatments like Permethrin cream. Lindane treatment is only applied to the secondary level of infected people.It is only used in rare conditions because of its side effects. When lindane comes into contact with skin it causes seizures to several people. This is more common when applied to the wet skin or after bath. Lindane treatment should be avoided by pregnant women, children below 10 years, nursing women, elderly people, people who have sores, and for those who weigh less 50 kgs or 110 pounds. Lindane lotions to an extent of one ounce of 1 % lindane lotion or 30 grams of lindane should only be applied to neck to toe.
Euratex or crotamiton treatment is also used in some rare cases. It can cure within an application as a cream or lotion of one or two days. Since also because of safety reasons it is not highly recommended.
Antihistamine or Steroids :
For patients with the possibility of persistent itching antihistamine or steroid may be used as an adjunct to help pruritus or severe itching.
Scabies coupled with secondary bacterial infections could cause serious medical ailments septicemia, heart disease, and kidney failure. They along with the regular scabies treatment could be treated with topical or oral antibiotics depending on the severity.
Ivermectin or Stromectol treatment is prescribed by doctors for Crusted Scabies depending on their severity. This is also given to people with altered immune systems like HIV patients. This is not recommended for pregnant women and children.
When other normal treatments fail 8 to 10 % of sulfur precipitated in petroleum jelly is recommended for patients. But due to its odor and messy application, it is not widely preferred. This is again not safe with kids and pregnant women.
Prevention of Scabies:
Scabies is caused by the parasitic mite found all over the world. Since its symptoms also occur only after more than a month of the infested person it is very difficult to predict the prevention of scabies. But once a community or a family is infested with the mites and formed of the disease the following preventive measures could help its spread and reduce the suffering of the disease by others.
- Treat all the symptomatic and asymptomatic members and those in close contact with them of any one of the scabies treatments.
- In the case of community centers, hospitals, and other highly located communities an oral dose of ivermectin could be used to prevent any outbreak of scabies.
- There should not be any time gap of treating the family members. All should be treated at the same time and with the same duration of treatment.
- All bed linens like pillowcases, blankets, sheets, towels, and all clothes worn mainly the underwear, shirts, pants, and socks should be laundered using a hot cycle wash and hot drying cycle.
- If hot water is not available put all the infested clothing in a safe and secluded place for more than 8 days to kill all the mites which cannot survive so long without the human host.
- Children who were infected with scabies mites should return to school only after the full treatment and curing of the disease.
- Improving living conditions, building local expertise in indigenous communities can reduce the spread of scabies.
Scabies is only a skin disease and could be cured with scabicide medications. Rare treatment failures could lead to severe sores and coupled with secondary bacterial infections lead to severe medical ailments.
Living a proper lifestyle and being aware of the body conditions all the time is a sure way to safety from not only scabies but all kinds of ailments.
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