Red Bug Bites and Treatment, Truly Nolen

Red Bug Bites and Treatment

Both humans and pets can be affected by bites from the red harvest mite. Chigger bites don’t carry diseases but can be very uncomfortable. Harvest mite larvae feed not by going under skin but by thrusting their small hooked fangs into the skin surface. The larvae do not burrow into the skin or suck blood. They inject fluid containing digestive enzymes into the skin that break down skin cells. The resulting liquefied skin tissues are then sucked back into the digestive system of the larva. When they come into contact with any warm blooded animal they tend to congregate in areas where there is little hair and the skin is quite thin.

They do not actually «bite,» but instead form a hole in the skin, and chew up tiny parts of the inner skin, thus causing severe irritation and swelling. Red bumps and a rash or lesions accompany the severe itching on a sun-exposed area. For humans, itching usually occurs after the larvae detach from the skin. Chiggers prefer to feed on areas of skin under tight clothing (like waistbands, socks, etc.) or where skin is thin or tender (ankles, armpits, back of knees, groin). A few hours after the chigger begins feeding, small, red itchy welts appear, sometimes with a white center. The itching welts can last up to a week.

After leaving a chigger–infested area wash clothes in very hot water to dislodge and kill the chiggers. Take a hot shower or bath and scrub skin with soap to dislodge chiggers. Make sure to wash all cracks and crevasses really well. Skin may still itch, so applying calamine lotion, hydrocortisone ointment, or other itch relief product is helpful. Some people find Vaseline, baby oil, and nail polish to be helpful. Treating a bite as soon as possible is best.

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The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and Cookies

On 25 May 2018, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) (EU) 2016/679 will come into force. The GDPR strengthens and clarifies the rights of EU-resident natural persons with regard to their personal information The Terms and Conditions and the Privacy Policy for Valossa services have been updated accordingly.

Please review Valossa’s updated Terms and Conditions, Privacy Policy and the Cookie Policy. If you use our services to process personal information of EU-resident natural persons you need to comply with the GDPR. By using our services on or after 25 May 2018, you will be agreeing to the changes.

Under the GDPR, you have several rights, such as accessing your own personal data, erasing of that data, and the right to be notified within 72 hours of a data breach that is likely to result in a risk for your rights and freedoms. You may reach the Data Protection Officer (DPO) of Valossa when needed, and the details for doing so can be found in the updated Privacy Policy.

What Do Fleas Look Like?


  • length — adult fleas are approximately 2.5 mm long
  • color — dark in color, ranging from brown to reddish brown
  • body — thin & flat with hair
  • mouthparts — adults have mouthparts which are used to extract the host’s blood
  • legs — six long legs
  • no wings — fleas are wingless
  • jump — capable of jumping large distances from host to host

Individual fleas are difficult to kill by hand and typically require chemical treatment.

The bodies of fleas are thin and flat, allowing for easy movement through an animal’s fur. Their bodies are also covered in hair that serves to root them to the host.

Fleas are commonly visible moving in infested pet’s fur. Their presence may be marked by reddened skin.

Pictures of Fleas

Below are photos and images of fleas:

Close-Up of a Flea Flea After Feeding Dog Flea

Your local pest control professionals should be contacted to discuss solutions and extermination options designed specifically for your indoor infestations.

Forget the name of a movie? Just describe it and this scary-accurate site will find it

What was that movie where all the old actors from old action movies get together in a single film and blow up lots of stuff? Which is the one where Brad Pitt plays death? And remember that movie where Tom Hanks’s best friend is a volley ball? Wait, what was that one movie where that girl was terminally ill but she got married anyway? No, the older one with the singer who was popular back then…

In can be beyond aggravating when you have the name of a movie on the tip of your tongue but just can’t seem to get it out. Now, there’s a site that can take the things you do remember about the movie and use them to find the name you’re thinking of.

It’s scary-accurate, and it’s one of the coolest things I’ve seen in a long time.

A site called simply “What is my movie?” was created to showcase some next-level fuzzy search and deep search technology developed by Finnish startup Valossa, a company that was founded by computer science researchers and engineers from Finland’s University of Oulu.

We’ve discussed it before here on the site, but a new Reddit thread reminded me of it the other night. I finally had some time to really test it out… and I was blown away.

“We aspire to create a new, descriptive way of searching video content,” the team said on its website. “Our technology understands the contents of video files itself. Ranging from text to pattern recognition, we reach down into data that has not been searchable in the past.”

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The site continues, “ has been developed by the tech team of Valossa that has its roots in the Computer Science and Engineering research conducted at the University of Oulu. We have an extensive research background on automatic content recognition and video data analysis. The demonstrations on this site have been developed for research purposes and Proof of Concept for the industry. Deep Content technology has also been piloted with the broadcasters for TV content.”

The group’s “Deep Content” technology analyzes video content in ways that typical search engines cannot, and it uses that data to deliver impressive matches even when the search terms provided at very vague.

I had a whole lot of fun testing out the site’s tech. Here are a few examples:

Since Valossa’s tech digs deep into the video content itself, you can even use quotes to find the movie you’re looking for:

It’s a hugely useful site that also just so happens to be an impressive showcase for Valossa’s tech, and you can check it out here. Can you stump it?

Life Cycle of a Frog

A frog’s life cycle has four distinct stages

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What is a Life Cycle?

A life cycle refers to the stages or changes that an animal goes through while it’s alive. A life cycle repeats itself (or goes in a circle) for each new generation of life.

There are lots of different kinds of animals living on earth and many different types of animal life cycles! Mammals (including humans) have babies that look similar to adults. Baby mammals grow bigger and bigger until they are full-grown.

Other animals (including beetles, frogs, and butterflies) go through a process called metamorphosis. Metamorphosis is a big word that means changing from one form into another. These animals look very different as babies than their parents do (which is one way that frogs differ from snakes).

Learn the four stages of metamorphosis in a frog’s life with the Life Cycle of a Frog Worksheet.

The Life Cycle of a Frog

Frogs are amphibians, which means that they can live in water or on land. They go through several stages of life before they become adult frogs and during those stages, they live only in water.

Stage 1: Egg

A frog begins life as a fertilized egg. A female frog lays a lot of eggs at one time in a pond. The eggs float on water in a jelly mass or cluster. The eggs will soon hatch into tadpoles!

Stage 2: Tadpole

When the tadpole hatches, it looks more like a fish than a frog. It doesn’t have any legs! It has gills that allow it to breathe underwater. The tadpole swims, eats plants and algae from the water, and grows for several weeks.

During this time, the tadpole starts to develop lungs so it will be able to breathe out of the water when it becomes a frog. The tadpole also starts to grow two hind legs. Now it can leap around instead of only swimming. Although the tadpole is starting to look a little more like a frog, it still has a very long tail!

Stage 3: Young Frog

The tadpole grows two front legs and its long tail becomes shorter and shorter. The tadpole uses the nutrients stored in its tail as food, so until its tail is completely gone, it doesn’t need anything else to eat! Then just a little stub of its tail is left, and the tadpole is a young frog. It hops right out of the water and onto dry land for the first time! The frog is still very small.

Stage 4: Adult Frog

The frog’s tail will eventually disappear completely and it will start to eat insects instead of plants from the water. The young frog will grow for about 2-4 years to become an adult. The adult frogs then lay their eggs and more tadpoles hatch and begin the cycle again!

Frog Life Cycle Worksheet

Use this free printable worksheet to learn the stages of a frog’s life cycle! Cut out the pictures of the eggs, tadpole, young frog (also called a froglet), and adult frog, and glue them to the life cycle where they belong.

Further study:

More Life Cycles:

Take your lesson to the next level and grow your own frog(s). Use our frog kit or the classic growafrog kit.

What Are Antibiotics?

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Antibiotics are medicines that help stop infections caused by bacteria. They do this by killing the bacteria or by keeping them from copying themselves or reproducing.

The word antibiotic means “against life.” Any drug that kills germs in your body is technically an antibiotic. But most people use the term when they’re talking about medicine that is meant to kill bacteria.

Before scientists first discovered antibiotics in the 1920s, many people died from minor bacterial infections, like strep throat. Surgery was riskier, too. But after antibiotics became available in the 1940s, life expectancy increased, surgeries got safer, and people could survive what used to be deadly infections.

What Antibiotics Can and Can’t Do

Most bacteria that live in your body are harmless. Some are even helpful. Still, bacteria can infect almost any organ. Fortunately, antibiotics can usually help.

These are the types of infections that can be treated with antibiotics:

  • Some ear and sinus infections
  • Dental infections
  • Skin infections
  • Meningitis (swelling of the brain and spinal cord)
  • Strep throat
  • Bladder and kidney infections
  • Bacterial pneumonias
  • Whooping cough

Only bacterial infections can be killed with antibiotics. The common cold, flu, most coughs, some bronchitis infections, most sore throats, and the stomach flu are all caused by viruses. Antibiotics won’t work to treat them. Your doctor will tell you either to wait these illnesses out or prescribe antiviral drugs to help you get rid of them.

It’s not always obvious whether an infection is viral or bacterial. Sometimes your doctor will do tests before deciding which treatment you need.

Some antibiotics work on many different kinds of bacteria. They’re called “broad-spectrum.” Others target specific bacteria only. They’re known as “narrow-spectrum.”

Side Effects

Since your gut is full of bacteria — both good and bad — antibiotics often affect your digestive system while they’re treating an infection. Common side effects include:

Occasionally, you may have other symptoms, like:


These symptoms can mean you’re allergic to your antibiotic, so let your doctor know right away if you have them.

If you’re taking birth control pills, antibiotics may keep them from working as well as they should, so speak to your doctor about whether alternative birth control methods might be a good idea. Women can also get vaginal yeast infections while taking antibiotics. The symptoms include itching, burning, vaginal discharge (looks similar to cottage cheese) and pain during sex. It’s treated with an anti-fungal cream.

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Antibiotic Resistance

Antibiotics are a powerful germ-fighting tool when used carefully and safely. But up to one-half of all antibiotic use isn’t necessary. Overuse has led to antibacterial resistance. Bacteria adapt over time and become “super bacteria” or “superbugs.” They change so that antibiotics no longer work on them. They pose a big threat, because there aren’t any medicines to kill them.

The best way to help slow the spread of super bacteria is by being smart with antibiotics. Here’s how:

  • Trust your doctor if she says you don’t need them.
  • Don’t take them for a viral infection.
  • Only take the ones your doctor has prescribed for you.
  • Take them as directed.
  • Don’t skip doses.
  • Take them for the full number of days your doctor prescribes.
  • Don’t save them for later.


American Academy of Pediatrics: “The History of Antibiotics.”

Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology: “Antibiotic Safety.”

NHS Choices: “Antibiotics.”

Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics: “When and How to Take Antibiotics.”

CDC: “Antibiotics Aren’t Always the Answer.”

What is a computer virus?

A computer virus, much like a flu virus, is designed to spread from host to host and has the ability to replicate itself. Similarly, in the same way that flu viruses cannot reproduce without a host cell, computer viruses cannot reproduce and spread without programming such as a file or document.

In more technical terms, a computer virus is a type of malicious code or program written to alter the way a computer operates and is designed to spread from one computer to another. A virus operates by inserting or attaching itself to a legitimate program or document that supports macros in order to execute its code. In the process, a virus has the potential to cause unexpected or damaging effects, such as harming the system software by corrupting or destroying data.

How does a computer virus attack?

Once a virus has successfully attached to a program, file, or document, the virus will lie dormant until circumstances cause the computer or device to execute its code. In order for a virus to infect your computer, you have to run the infected program, which in turn causes the virus code to be executed.

This means that a virus can remain dormant on your computer, without showing major signs or symptoms. However, once the virus infects your computer, the virus can infect other computers on the same network. Stealing passwords or data, logging keystrokes, corrupting files, spamming your email contacts, and even taking over your machine are just some of the devastating and irritating things a virus can do.

While some viruses can be playful in intent and effect, others can have profound and damaging effects. This includes erasing data or causing permanent damage to your hard disk. Worse yet, some viruses are designed with financial gains in mind.

How do computer viruses spread?

In a constantly connected world, you can contract a computer virus in many ways, some more obvious than others. Viruses can be spread through email and text message attachments, Internet file downloads, and social media scam links. Your mobile devices and smartphones can become infected with mobile viruses through shady app downloads. Viruses can hide disguised as attachments of socially shareable content such as funny images, greeting cards, or audio and video files.

To avoid contact with a virus, it’s important to exercise caution when surfing the web, downloading files, and opening links or attachments. To help stay safe, never download text or email attachments that you’re not expecting, or files from websites you don’t trust.

What are the signs of a computer virus?

A computer virus attack can produce a variety of symptoms. Here are some of them:

  • Frequent pop-up windows. Pop-ups might encourage you to visit unusual sites. Or they might prod you to download antivirus or other software programs.
  • Changes to your homepage. Your usual homepage may change to another website, for instance. Plus, you may be unable to reset it.
  • Mass emails being sent from your email account. A criminal may take control of your account or send emails in your name from another infected computer.
  • Frequent crashes. A virus can inflict major damage on your hard drive. This may cause your device to freeze or crash. It may also prevent your device from coming back on.
  • Unusually slow computer performance. A sudden change of processing speed could signal that your computer has a virus.
  • Unknown programs that start up when you turn on your computer. You may become aware of the unfamiliar program when you start your computer. Or you might notice it by checking your computer’s list of active applications.
  • Unusual activities like password changes. This could prevent you from logging into your computer.

Carpenter Ant Queens

A carpenter ant colony can consist of thousands of workers, but typically only one queen. Like other ant species, the carpenter ant queens are responsible for laying eggs. Winged male swarmers exist to mate with the female swarmers. Shortly after mating, male carpenter ants die, having accomplished their only task.

Carpenter ant queens measure about 13 to 17 mm in length and, depending on the species, are dark brown, yellow, red or black in color. After mating with the male carpenter ant, the queen sheds her wings and looks for a new nesting site for her young. The queen prefers moist and rotten wood to establish a new colony. After locating a nesting site, she seals herself inside the wood until the first brood of 9 to 16 eggs hatches and develops into adults.

While raising the first batch of workers, the carpenter ant queen uses stored fat reserves and her wing muscles for nutrition until they become fully mature workers. The development of carpenter eggs to adult workers spans approximately 6 to 12 weeks. After the first generation of workers becomes capable of foraging for food, they take over all responsibilities for the colony except egg-laying. Adult workers forage for food, expand their nest by excavating wood, and care for the queen and developing ants.

Because the first generation of workers was fed from the carpenter queen ant’s bodily fluids, they are typically smaller in size. Succeeding generations grow larger through a healthy foraged diet of honeydew, insects and other small invertebrates.

Carpenter ant queens lay eggs that become workers and future queens. After at least two years, the queen produces winged swarmers to form new colonies. A carpenter ant queen can survive up to 25 years and lay thousands of fertilized eggs during her lifespan.

What to do if you have a car accident

By Daljinder Nagra

If you’re unlucky enough to be involved in a car accident, here are the steps you need to take to deal with it quickly and smoothly.

See also:  Butterflies

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It’s not a nice thought, but car accidents happen and it’s important to know what to do if you’re caught up in one.

If you take the right steps immediately after a car accident, you can stop a bad situation from getting worse and help to make sure your car insurance claim is paid out without a hitch.

Read our car insurance companies reviews to find the top car insurers.

What to do after a car accident

  1. Stop the car — failing to do so is an offence
  2. Switch off the engine and turn on the hazard lights
  3. Check for any injuries to yourself or passengers. Call an ambulance if necessary
  4. Call the police — 999 or 101 depending on the situation
  5. Give your details to anyone else involved
  6. Collect details from any other drivers, passengers or witnesses
  7. Take photos if necessary
  8. Contact your insurer

At Which?, we take safety seriously. Any car that receives three stars or fewer in Euro NCAP tests is automatically a Which? Don’t Buy car.

However minor you think a car accident is, you must stop. In fact, failing to do so is an offence under the Road Traffic Act.

You should make sure your car’s engine is switched off and then turn your hazard lights on to alert other road users to your presence.

Who to call after a car accident

Take a look around. If anyone has been injured in the car accident you should call the police on 999 (and an ambulance too if necessary) as soon as possible. If you don’t need an emergency response, then you should call the police on 101 instead.

The police should also be called if the car accident is blocking the road or if you feel there was foul play involved – if you suspect you’re a victim of a ‘crash for cash’ scam, for example, where a driver deliberately causes an accident to make a fraudulent insurance claim.

A dash cam can help you avoid falling victim to crash for cash scams. However, be sure to pick the right one, or you may be left with low-quality footage that won’t help prove what happened. Visit our dash cam reviews to find out the models we recommend.

Giving details after a car accident

When you’re involved in a car accident you’re obliged to give your name and address to anyone else involved.

You should stop and give your details if you crash into something on or near the road even if there aren’t any other people involved. If you hit a parked car, for example, you should leave your details on the windscreen.

Avoid saying sorry or accepting blame for the accident until you know precisely what happened as it could count against you later on.

Car accidents should also be reported to the police within 24 hours. Failure to do so could result in a fine, penalty points or even disqualification.

Collecting details after a car accident

If possible, you should collect names, addresses and contact details from any drivers, passengers and witnesses.

Ask the other drivers involved for their car insurance details and try to establish whether they are the registered keeper of their vehicle. If they aren’t, find out who is and make a note of their name and address.

Call 999 straightaway if someone leaves the scene of the car accident without giving their details.

Other information to collect from the accident

Here are some other important details you should try to collect at the scene of the car accident:

  • The registration numbers of all vehicles involved, plus a note of each vehicle’s colour, make and model.
  • The time and date of the crash.
  • A sketch showing the positions of the vehicles involved.
  • A description of the weather conditions, plus anything unusual you notice about the road quality or lighting.
  • A list of damage to vehicles and a description of any injuries sustained by pedestrians, drivers and passengers.

You may find it useful to take photos of the car accident for use as evidence. Some drivers carry disposable cameras for this purpose, but most modern mobile phones will take good enough shots to help you remember important details.

Being left at the side of the road is never fun, even if you haven’t had a crash. Minimise the time you spend stranded by checking out our guide to the best breakdown cover providers.

Car accident insurance claims

Once the dust has settled, you will need to inform your insurer of the accident and, if your car is sufficiently damaged, begin the process of making a claim.

Contact your insurer

Make sure you tell your insurer about the car accident as soon as you can. Failure to do so within the time period set out in your policy may invalidate your cover, leaving you with a big bill to pay.

How long long you have to to file an insurance claim after a car accident varies. Make sure you check the wording of your car insurance policy carefully as these time periods can be anything from two days to two weeks after the accident.

You should always inform your car insurance company about an accident, even if you don’t want to make a claim.

Not all car insurance companies are the same. Find out which providers our members were most satisfied with in our guide to the best and worst car insurance.

Information on other drivers

If the car accident involved another vehicle you will need to provide your insurance company with details of the other driver. Try to provide:

  • their name
  • their address and contact details
  • their vehicle registration number
  • their car insurance company details.

Details of the accident

You will also need to give your insurance company as much information about the accident as possible. Use sketches to help explain what happened and include any pictures you took at the scene of the accident.

Also provide the contact details of any witnesses who have agreed to support your claim.

What happens next?

If you want to continue with your claim, your insurance company will let you know what you need to do.

If other people were involved in the accident, your insurance company will contact their insurance companies and resolve the claims.

Only cars that are reliable, economical, comfortable, safe and good to drive can become a Which? Best Buy — see our Best Buy car reviews.

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