Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Risk at Work — Personal protective equipment (PPE)

Coronavirus (COVID-19): update

Employers have duties concerning the provision and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) at work.

PPE is equipment that will protect the user against health or safety risks at work. It can include items such as safety helmets, gloves, eye protection, high-visibility clothing, safety footwear and safety harnesses. It also includes respiratory protective equipment (RPE).

Case study

A commercial gardener was using a petrol-driven strimmer to trim undergrowth. He hit a piece of unseen debris, which was thrown into the air and caught him in the eye. He lost the sight in that eye because he was not wearing protective goggles, which was advised in the manufacturer’s written instructions for using the strimmer.

How similar accidents can be prevented

Ensure those operating strimmers are trained to recognise the hazards posed by unseen debris and wear appropriate PPE, including protective goggles.

Why is PPE important?

Making the workplace safe includes providing instructions, procedures, training and supervision to encourage people to work safely and responsibly.

Even where engineering controls and safe systems of work have been applied, some hazards might remain. These include injuries to:

  • the lungs, eg from breathing in contaminated air
  • the head and feet, eg from falling materials
  • the eyes, eg from flying particles or splashes of corrosive liquids
  • the skin, eg from contact with corrosive materials
  • the body, eg from extremes of heat or cold

PPE is needed in these cases to reduce the risk.

What do I have to do?

  • Only use PPE as a last resort
  • If PPE is still needed after implementing other controls (and there will be circumstances when it is, eg head protection on most construction sites), you must provide this for your employees free of charge
  • You must choose the equipment carefully (see selection details below) and ensure employees are trained to use it properly, and know how to detect and report any faults

Selection and use

You should ask yourself the following questions:

  • Who is exposed and to what?
  • How long are they exposed for?
  • How much are they exposed to?

When selecting and using PPE:

  • Choose products which are CE marked in accordance with the Personal Protective Equipment Regulations 2002 – suppliers can advise you
  • Choose equipment that suits the user – consider the size, fit and weight of the PPE. If the users help choose it, they will be more likely to use it
  • If more than one item of PPE is worn at the same time, make sure they can be used together, eg wearing safety glasses may disturb the seal of a respirator, causing air leaks
  • Instruct and train people how to use it, eg train people to remove gloves without contaminating their skin. Tell them why it is needed, when to use it and what its limitations are

Other advice on PPE

  • Never allow exemptions from wearing PPE for those jobs that ‘only take a few minutes’
  • Check with your supplier on what PPE is appropriate – explain the job to them
  • If in doubt, seek further advice from a specialist adviser


PPE must be properly looked after and stored when not in use, eg in a dry, clean cupboard. If it is reusable it must be cleaned and kept in good condition.

  • using the right replacement parts which match the original, eg respirator filters
  • keeping replacement PPE available
  • who is responsible for maintenance and how it is to be done
  • having a supply of appropriate disposable suits which are useful for dirty jobs where laundry costs are high, eg for visitors who need protective clothing

Employees must make proper use of PPE and report its loss or destruction or any fault in it.

How to Use Permethrin on Clothing, Safely

This insecticide can help prevent some mosquito and tick bites. But you must use it properly.

When it comes to preventing bites from mosquitoes and ticks, remember: Summer isn’t over yet, so it’s important to remain vigilant and stay protected when you head outdoors.

You may think first of insect repellents, such as products containing deet. Using an effective repellent is one of the best ways to keep biting bugs away. It’s also helpful to take steps that safeguard your yard against these pests.

But the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also recommends another strategy on top of those two: treating your clothing with a pesticide called permethrin. (A repellent keeps bugs away; a pesticide kills them on contact.)

Permethrin-treated clothing, first developed by the military a few decades ago, has been available to consumers since 2003. And there are a few ways to use it. You can buy pretreated clothing from various manufacturers (especially those that specialize in outdoor gear). At least one company, Insect Shield, will treat your clothes with permethrin for you, if you mail them in. And you can do it yourself: Permethrin spray is available for consumers to buy and apply to their own clothing and gear.

“If it’s used correctly, it works really well,” says Thomas Mather, Ph.D., director of the University of Rhode Island’s Center for Vector-Borne Disease, of treating clothing with permethrin yourself. But the key, he says, is to use it correctly, which not everyone does.

Here, we’ll explain why permethrin-treated clothing might be an option you want to consider for protection against ticks and mosquitoes, how to make sure you get the best protection, and how to treat clothing with permethrin the right way.

How Well Does Treating Clothing With Permethrin Work?

Consumer Reports has tested several brands of clothing pretreated with permethrin to find out how well they worked at stopping mosquitoes from biting. Two types we tested kept mosquitoes from biting, but two didn’t. A shirt we sprayed with a deet-based repellent, meanwhile, kept mosquitoes from biting and kept them from even landing, something none of the permethrin-treated clothing items did.

Permethrin is “very irritating to [the mosquitoes],” says Joe Conlon, a former Navy entomologist and technical adviser to the American Mosquito Control Association. “It’s like they landed on an electric grid.”

The permethrin-treated clothing also resulted in “knock downs,” meaning mosquitoes were incapacitated or killed after contact with the clothing. (Other research has found that knock downs might reduce biting rates in a specific geographical area.) The shirts we sprayed with deet didn’t cause any knock downs, however, because no bugs ever landed on them.

And what about ticks? Consumer Reports’ testing hasn’t evaluated how well permethrin-treated clothing works against ticks. But a recent study by researchers at the CDC found that a variety of different types of treated clothing was able to incapacitate several species of ticks or cause them to fall off the fabric. The researchers in that experiment didn’t use human subjects, however, so they couldn’t say whether the permethrin kept ticks from biting.

Other research has used human test subjects, however. For example, a 2014 study in North Carolina forest, park, and wildlife agency workers had the workers track the number of tick bites they received while using clothes professionally treated with permethrin. During the 2011 tick season (mid-March through September), workers who wore treated clothing reported fewer tick bites—0.24 bite for every 100 hours spent working—than those using untreated clothing, who averaged 1.37 bites during the same amount of time.

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Manufacturers of permethrin spray for clothing note that because the spray is meant only for fabric and not for skin, for full protection people also need to use an insect repellent on their exposed skin. Consumer Reports’ experts agree.

How to Treat Clothing With Permethrin

The most important thing to remember when spraying your clothing with permethrin is that you must follow the label on the product. If you don’t follow the label, you could be violating federal law, Conlon says. (Because permethrin is a pesticide, the Environmental Protection Agency regulates its use.)

It’s also important to follow the instructions on the label to ensure you’re using the pesticide as safely as possible, says Michael Hansen, Ph.D., Consumer Reports’ senior scientist. “It’s an endocrine-disrupting compound,» he says. That means “if it gets into your system, there can be effects on the hormonal system.»

The CDC notes that permethrin and related chemical compounds can cause serious health problems in people exposed to high doses. “You don’t want to be inhaling it or getting it directly on your skin,» Hansen says.

If you follow the directions on the label, however, the dose of permethrin you receive by wearing treated clothing is considered safe, even for pregnant women. (Higher concentrations of permethrin are used in medications for treating both head lice and scabies.)

Permethrin Safety Tips

Spray only your clothing. We said it before, but it’s worth repeating: Permethrin spray is only for your clothes and gear. Don’t apply it to your skin. And when treating clothes, stick to outerwear: The Environmental Protection Agency says you shouldn’t treat underwear with permethrin.

Spray while the clothes are off your body. Hang them on hangers outside, and spray them down while they hang. Don’t apply permethrin to your clothes while you’re wearing them, and don’t apply permethrin indoors, where you could risk inhaling it.

Spray enough, but not too much. Mather says he often sees people making the mistake of giving their clothes a quick spritz of permethrin. But it takes a slightly heavier hand for full protection. Mather says you should spray enough for your clothes to become damp (they should look a little darker in color). You don’t need to drench them—to where they’ll drip if you wring them out—but they do need a thorough coat.

The product labels can help give you a good idea of how much to use. For example, the label on Sawyer’s permethrin aerosol spray says that a 9-ounce bottle will treat a shirt, a pair of pants, and a pair of socks.

Let the clothes dry completely. Before you wear them, they should be totally dry. That should take a few hours, depending on the humidity of the day.

Re-treat when necessary. Manufacturers of pretreated clothing say their products are still effective after many washes (L.L.Bean claims 70, for example). But the clothes you treat yourself need to be re-treated much more often. Sawyer says you need to re-treat after six washings, for example. Even clothes or gear you don’t wash need re-treating; Mather says he sprays his and his family’s shoes monthly.

Actually wear them. Mather says some people say they’re saving their permethrin-treated clothing for heavy-duty camping or hiking. But ticks don’t live just in the deep woods. If you live in an area where ticks are common, he recommends using protection even during casual activities, like taking your dog for a walk.

Consider treating other gear. Conlon says that camping gear like tents, backpacks, and hiking boots are also good candidates for treating with permethrin.

Wash treated clothing separately. Sawyer recommends hand washing or using the gentle cycle on your machine to best preserve the protection.

Only use permethrin approved for clothing. That will be indicated on the label. You may be tempted to purchase permethrin pesticide (or related chemicals) meant for agricultural uses and dilute it down to a concentration of 0.52 percent, the industry standard for clothing. Not only is that illegal but it’s also risky, because you could make a mistake and end up with the wrong concentration. And there’s no guarantee it will work as well, Mather says, because the permethrin products meant for clothes are formulated with ingredients that help it stick to fabric. The agricultural products may not have those ingredients.

Don’t rely on permethrin alone. Using permethrin-treated clothing is one useful step to take for preventing bites. But it’s not the only one. Because permethrin goes only on clothes, if you rely on it alone, you still leave plenty of skin exposed and vulnerable to a bug’s bite. To protect your exposed skin, use an effective insect repellent, such as one that contains 15 to 30 percent deet, 20 percent picaridin, or 30 percent oil of lemon eucalyptus. Make sure you apply it right, and remember you can use repellent on your clothing as well if you’d rather skip the permethrin.

The Lowdown on Insect Repellents

Bug bites are not only annoying, they can also transmit diseases. On the ‘Consumer 101′ TV show, host Jack Rico goes inside Consumer Reports’ labs to find out how CR tests insect repellents to make sure you are getting the most protection.

Best Flea Spray | Ultimate Review & Buyers Guide


The best value for money

Adams Plus Flea and Tick Spray

If budget is your number one concern, we encourage you to consider this pick for your flea control needs. It is well rated for effectiveness and a popular choice among customers. This product both kills adult fleas and ticks, as well as their eggs and larvae. This disrupts the complete lifecycle, giving your pet the protection, they deserve.

We all love our dogs and want the best for them.

One of the important decisions to make is what products to use for the important job of flea and tick control.

Sara Redding Ochoa | Doctor Of Veterinary Medicine

Sara is Wileypup’s Veterinarian Adviser and helped compose this article to ensure the information is up to date and accurate. For more information on Sara click here

Connect with Sara: LinkedIn | Facebook

Depending on where you live, fleas and ticks are not only a nuisance, they can be carriers of dangerous diseases for both you and your pet.

One option for pest control are flea sprays. There are spray formulas designed for use directly on your pet, inside on carpet and bedding, and even outside for use in the yard or garden.

The best part is.

Because of this multi-tiered approach, sprays may be your best bet in the event that you already have an established infestation in your home.

Our flea spray review includes the following picks, designed to help you find the right product for your needs:

Top Flea Spray for Dogs (Direct Application)

Top Flea Spray for Home and Furniture

Top Flea Spray for the Yard

Check out our other flea control guides.

Special Note for Cat Owners

We want to make sure you have the best information to make informed decisions about what pet products are right for your family.

When it comes to flea and tick control, it can get complicated if you have a multiple pet household that includes cats.

Please read our caution to cat owners if this applies to you, before deciding on the right flea spray for your dog. You can find it at the bottom of this page.

Overview | Flea Spray For House & Home

Vet-Kem Ovitrol Plus Flea, Tick and Bot Spray

  • Effective protection for up to 2 months from a single application
  • Kills fleas at all life stages – on contact
  • Also effective on other pests such as ticks, lice, flies, gnats and mosquitos
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Wondercide Flea and Tick and Mosquito Control Spray

  • All-Natural, plant based, eco-friendly, USA sourced and manufactured formula
  • Effective at killing fleas and ticks, as well as repelling several different pests
  • Does not contain clove oil, particularly troublesome for cats

Adams Plus Flea and Tick Spray

  • Inexpensive option for reliable flea control
  • Long trusted name in pest control for pets
  • Effectively kills flea and flea larvae

Vet Kem Siphotrol Plus II

  • Kills both adult fleas and their larvae FAST!
  • One can will treat a full 2,000 square feet
  • Aerosol spray is easy to use and penetrates deeply

Vet’s Best Flea & Tick Pet & Home Spray

  • Contains no harmful pesticides
  • Kills fleas, flea larvae, and ticks on contact
  • Repels mosquitos

Adams Flea and Tick Home Spray

  • Inexpensive for those looking for cheap flea spray that works
  • Up to 7 months of protection once you have your flea problem under control
  • Use on any fabrics including bedding, carpets, rugs, drapes and upholstery

Martin’s Permethrin 10% Multi-Purpose Insecticide

  • Extremely effective and popular product
  • Sold for agricultural use so it is designed for large areas
  • Kills a variety of insects including fleas, ticks, mosquitoes, mites and flies

​Wondercide Natural Flea & Tick Control Concentrate for Yard Garden

  • All-natural Cedar Oil is gentle on plants and aquatic life
  • Kills and repels fleas, ticks, mosquitos and chiggers
  • Will not kill beneficial insects such as bees and ladybugs ​

​Advantage Yard & Premise Spray

  • Treats a whopping 16,000 Square feet – excellent bargain!
  • Kills fleas and ticks
  • Built in applicator for easy use, just attach to your garden hose

Best Flea Spray for Dogs (Direct Application)

Direct application techniques with flea control sprays are one of the fastest ways to give your beloved pet some relief from these biting parasites.

Be sure to follow the directions carefully. One downside of these products is that it is possible to overdose your pet if you are not careful.

Always work from the head to the tail, so fleas will not seek harbor in your dog’s ears.

In fact, spray a little of the product on your hand (use a latex glove) and rub a little to the outside of the ears and around sensitive areas to get started. Then work the product back to the tail area.

Consider using a flea comb in combination with your treatments, which you should try to do outside for better ventilation.

This will help both distribute the product evenly, as well as pull dead fleas and eggs from their skin and fur.

Medicated Pick

Vet-Kem Ovitrol Plus Flea, Tick and Bot Spray

Active Ingredients:

  • (S)-Methoprene – 0.27%
  • Pyrethrins – 0.20%
  • Piperonyl Butoxide – 0.37%
  • N-octyl Bicycloheptene Dicarboximide — 0.62%

This is our top medicated pick for direct application for three main reasons:

First, it is extremely effective against fleas and ticks, stopping an infestation quickly.

Second, it kills fleas and ticks as well as flea larvae – and protects for up to two months after application.

Third, the broad-spectrum pesticides used in this formula are also extremely effective against lice, flies, mosquitos and gnats.

This is also a formula that offers repelling properties, helping to make sure your dog does not bring these pesky parasites into the house. It does have a bit of a medicinal odor, but it will dissipate after a few days of application.

Although it is labeled for safe use directly on dogs, horses and cats, we recommend you talk to your vet before using this product on cats. Some can have strong and even deadly reactions to Pyrethrins, an active ingredient in this formula.


All-Natural Pick

Wondercide Flea and Tick and Mosquito Control Spray

Active Ingredients:

  • Cedar Oil – 4.2%
  • Sodium Lauryl Sulfate – 2.2%
  • Lemongrass Oil – 1.5%
  • Sesame Oil – 0.1%

We here at Wiley Pup are pretty big fans of the Wondercide line of all-natural pet products, and this direct application flea and tick spray for dogs is no exception.

The company is family owned and operated and made in the USA. They have a strong commitment to sourcing quality, human-grade ingredients in their safe and effective formulas.

Although the product is marked as safe for cats, we urge you to check with your vet before directly applying to a cat since this product does contain cedar oil, which some felines can be sensitive to.

In addition, carefully follow dosing instructions.

For best results, use this product in combination with a flea comb to try to get rid of any flea eggs while you are doing your treatments.

Another standout feature of the Wondercide line of products is that they have a delightful smell and come in a variety of different essential oil combinations to choose from, depending on your preferences.


Bargain Pick

Adams Plus Flea and Tick Spray

Active Ingredients:

  • Etofenprox – 0.50%
  • (S) Methoprene – 0.27%
  • Piperonyl Butoxide – 1.75%

Adams offers one of the best choices for an inexpensive flea and tick spray for dogs.

If budget is your number one concern, we encourage you to consider this pick for your flea control needs. It is well rated for effectiveness and a popular choice among customers.

This product both kills adult fleas and ticks, as well as their eggs and larvae. This disrupts the complete lifecycle, giving your pet the protection, they deserve.

However, although this product can provide up to 2 months of protection, you will likely find you need to apply it more often to keep fleas completely under control.

This spray also helps to repel mosquitos, a much-needed relief in humid areas.

The main downside of this spray is that it definitely has a bit of an odor. Put it on outside and give it a day or two before the smell goes completely away.


Best Flea Spray for Home and Furniture

This category includes the top rated flea spray for the house. If you find yourself with a flea infestation in your home, unfortunately, it can be a real chore to get rid of these nasty parasites.

They lay eggs deep in the carpet and upholstery, meaning that just killing the adult fleas won’t be enough.

Plan to repeat the use of these sprays (read package directions for instructions for safe use of each product).

You will also need to vacuum flooring and wash your dog’s bedding more or less daily until the infestation is under control.

Our review includes the top flea spray for treating inside the home in the following three categories:

Medicated Pick

Vet Kem Siphotrol Plus II

Active Ingredients:

  • (S)-Methoprene — .085%
  • Permethrin – 0.35%
  • Phenothrin – 0.30%
  • N-octyl bicycloheptene dicarboximide — 2.00%
  • Piperonyl butoxide – 1.40%

This is a very effective product for killing fleas and ticks.

Due to the penetrating formula and aerosol spray, this is one of the greatest flea sprays for carpets on the market.

The non-greasy, water-based formula will get deep into upholstery, rugs, and bedding, continuing to kill on contact for months and preventing reinfestation.

In addition, the formula contains pesticides that will kill adult fleas, as well as growth inhibitors that will destroy larvae.

Since the entire life stage of the flea is targeted, this product is effective even against serious infestations. It kills adult fleas within 10 minutes of contact.

Consider this Armageddon-In-A-Can for those nasty little buggers!


All-Natural Pick

Vet’s Best Flea & Tick Pet & Home Spray

Active Ingredients:

  • Peppermint Oil – 0.30%
  • Eugenol (clove oil) – 0.70%
  • Sodium Lauryl Sulfate – 2.70%

If you are looking for flea control in the house that doesn’t contain harsh chemicals, we love this all-natural product by Vet’s Best. This extremely popular flea spray for the home gets strong customer reviews for effectiveness.

Unlike some natural flea and tick sprays which only repel these nasty critters, this product actually kills fleas, flea eggs and ticks on contact.

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The primary active ingredients are clove and peppermint essential oils which have long been known as effective insecticides, despite being plant based.

Be advised, however, that some cats can have a severe negative reaction to these essential oils so those with multi-pet households should consult their vet before using this product.


Bargain Pick

Adams Flea and Tick Home Spray

Active Ingredients:

  • (S)-Methoprene – 0.01%
  • Etofenprox – 0.50%
  • Piperonyl Butoxide – 2.00%

If you are looking to find an inexpensive flea spray for home and furniture, this is our top selection in that category.

Adam’s is a long-trusted name in the pet care industry. This spray works to kill fleas, flea eggs, flea larvae, ticks, and even bed bugs.

You may need to reapply a few times and vacuum several times if you have a severe flea problem in your home. Spray it on bedding, carpets and rugs if you are trying to stop an already established flea problem.

This is a non-greasy and non-staining formula, so it is safe to use on all fabrics.

Once you get your flea problem under control, you will get up to 7 months of protection against reinfestation when used as directed. Reapply each 6 months to make sure you continue to protect against fleas and their larvae.

Another advantage of going with this bargain friendly choice?

There are a variety of other products by Adams that are safe to use in conjunction with their fleas spray for home and furniture, including shampoo, collars, and spot treatments.


Top Rated Flea Treatment Spray for the Yard

There are a few considerations before using a flea control spray yards, lawn or garden. The first is to try to be careful about where you apply the product.

Ingesting large amounts of pesticides, even those safe at smaller doses, could be harmful to your pet.

Try to target areas where fleas might enter the home, such as around doors, the garage or patios. These are the most important places to have the most protection to keep these buggers from getting indoors.

Finally, all pesticide are extremely toxic to aquatic life as well as birds and bee health.

Use sparingly, only as needed, and away from your ponds, creeks and streams.

Medicated Pick

Martin’s Permethrin 10% Multi-Purpose Insecticide

Active Ingredients:

  • Permethrin – 10.00%

This product is actually marketed for agricultural applications, offering strong outdoor protection for large outdoor areas including stables, kennels and yards.

The powerful formula offers a full 10% permethrin, a powerful insecticide. This is an extremely effective product, best used for controlling a major flea infestation.

Because it is designed for outdoor use, you can easily apply to a huge area, including your yard and garden.

In addition to killing fleas, flea eggs and ticks, it also protects against most types of flies such as horn, house, face and stable flies. It kills lice, mites, ants and mosquitos as well.

However, do be advised that this is very serious pesticide. You should closely follow the instructions for safe. This product must be diluted to safely use for insect control outside of the home.

Never use this product directly on your dog, or in the house.

Another thing to be careful about with this, or any, outdoor insecticide is that aquatic life is extremely sensitive to these toxins.

If you happen to have a small pond or water feature on your property, a tiny bit of this product could easily devastate the fish population.


All-Natural Pick

Wondercide Natural Flea & Tick Control Concentrate for Yard Garden

Active Ingredients:

  • Cedar Oil – 90%

If you have a lively garden, you may appreciate that this product will not kill beneficial insects such as lady bugs, predatory wasps, bees and butterflies.

Gardeners rely on these “good bugs” for important pest control without adding harmful pesticides to fruits and veggies.

This is an eco-friendly choice.

It is fully biodegradable (unlike organophosphate based pesticides). It will not enter the water table or cause problems for nearby aquatic, bee and bird life, a concern of many with the overuse of traditional pesticides.

Apply this product twice the first few weeks to control an initial infestation, then you can wait 30-45 days for a second application.

It is effective against fleas, ticks, chiggers, ants roaches and mosquitos!

You can feel good about this yard and garden flea spray. Safely use it on high traffic areas like the patios, pathways, entrances and kennels.

Make sure you pick up a lawn lawn sprayer if you go with this concentrated formula.


Bargain Pick

Advantage Yard & Premise Spray​​​​

Active Ingredients:

  • Esfenvalerate (S) Methyl (S) chloro-alpha Benzeneacetate — 0.425%

For those of you looking for the most bang for the buck in an outdoor flea and tick spray will appreciate this selection.

A 32 Oz. bottle will work with a regular garden hose and treat a full 16,000 square feet of space. Use it around the entrances to your home, on patios and over high traffic areas in your yard.

You may have heard of this brand, one of the leaders in spot on treatments for fleas and ticks.

Advantage also makes other pest control products for pets that you can use in conjunction with this product for complete flea control.

They are all reasonably priced, including shampoo, flea spray for dogs, and indoor home spray.

Plan on repeating the application a few times during the warm months to keep this treatment effective.

Used alone, this and other lawn and garden sprays will not be enough to fully treat a flea problem so be sure to get something for direct application and indoor use if you are treating a major infestation.


CAUTION for Cat Owners!

This review of flea sprays assumes that they will be used with dog households only.

The worst offenders are the so called “pyrethrins” which includes permethrin, one of the most common insecticides used to treat flea infestations in dogs.

Methomyl and carbofuran are also known offenders. Cats lack some of the enzymes required to break down these toxins which most dogs do have.

In severe cases, exposure to these chemicals has been known to cause liver failure in felines.

This is why many products that are safe for dogs are not safe for cats. In fact, Permethrin poisoning is among the most common poisonings reported among domesticated cats on a global scale.

Symptoms of toxicity from pesticides may include:

  • Depression or extreme lethargy
  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Seizures or muscle tremors
  • Trouble walking or with normal coordination
  • Fever
  • Increased heart rate
  • Trouble breathing
  • Excess salivation

If your cat (or your dog for that matter) display any of these symptoms in combination with changing your flea/tick control products, consult your vet immediately.

Make sure to gather up the products you are using to take with you to the vet so that they can do a full toxicity assessment.

In fact, you should also be cautious using all-natural flea control products with cats.

It turns out that many cats are quite sensitive and can even be poisoned by several of the active essential oils in some of natural flea and tick products – although likely only if you do not use the product as directed.

Symptoms of essential oil toxicity are similar to those listed above for pesticide poisoning.

Before starting any new flea/tick prevention program, talk to your veterinarian.

Conclusion: Top Rated Flea Spray

We hope this guide has been helpful for our readers to find the best flea and tick spray products for their pets, indoor and outdoor use. Remember that it is often not enough to use just one product. If you have a full-on infestation, you may need to use all three to get it under control.

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