On how to remove fleas from cats

On how to remove fleas from cats

Fleas can start at any homeanimal. The disease is extremely unpleasant. The cat begins to itch and bite off unwelcome guests. Among other things, these parasites can infect your fluffy pet with some kind of disease. Therefore, the question of how to remove fleas from cats is considered very important.

In our time, it’s not too difficult. The industry produces just a huge amount of a variety of drugs designed specifically for this purpose. You can buy them at pet stores or vetaptekas. The owner of the animal has the opportunity to buy shampoo, spray, powder or drops. Of course, you need to make sure that the remedy was meant for cats. Usually in pet stores there are quite qualified personnel. Therefore, it is worth asking about how to remove fleas from cats, from the seller. He will certainly advise what is most suitable for your pet.

And, of course, after coming home with a purchase,read the instructions for use. Sufficiently comfortable to use can be considered shampoos. However, when bathing an animal, it is necessary to make sure that soapy water does not get into his eyes and ears. Usually, when using shampoo, the procedure should be repeated in about a week and a half. Sprays are also a fairly convenient answer to the questionon how to remove fleas from cats. Using this tool, it will take some time to monitor the animal. You can not let a cat begin to lick. After all, getting into the stomach, although weak, but still the poison can not be useful.

If there is no time for this, it is better to useSpray for litter treatment only. For the very animal it is worth buying special drops. Currently, very popular, for example, the drug «Leopard» from fleas for cats. This agent is applied by drops on the ridge of the animal and in the region of the scapula. When calculating the dosage, the weight of the cat is taken into account. The same company also produces a fairly good spray. After using the drops, you do not need to bathe your pet for the next three days. In addition, water procedures should not be performed and three days before the application of the remedy.

If you sometimes release a cat to walk onstreet, you should conduct preventive activities. In this case, the same drops of «Bars» are applied once in two months. By the way, this remedy works well against ticks. Sometimes the question of how to remove fleas from cats does not arise before the owners, since the animal does not itch. However, insects can be present even in this case. Therefore, it is worthwhile to inspect the coat from time to time. Sometimes fleas themselves can not be noticed. But if they are, on the skin of the animal will necessarily be present products of their life — black pellets. If something like this is found, of course, the cat will need to be treated.

Fleas in cats (photos of infected animals you cansee on this page) can be withdrawn and folk remedies. The most common for this is the common wormwood. Leaves of this plant are dried and rubbed into the animal’s fur. In addition, you can put a bag next to the litter with grass in it. True, wormwood does not kill fleas, but simply scares them away. The disadvantage of this method is that the owners and themselves may not like the smell of this plant. And this method is not very effective.


6 Places to Look for Ticks on Your Dog

Tick season is upon us, and these bloodsucking pests are showing up all over the place. Tick prevention should be taken seriously, and not just because these arachnids make many people squeamish — ticks actually carry quite a few deadly diseases. Some of these diseases are lifelong, with no cure, so being diligent in checking for and removing ticks is important. As always, talk with your veterinarian before using any medication geared toward preventing ticks. But if you’re going to do some searching for ticks on your dog yourself, here are some places you may forget to look.

1. Inside of Ears

Ticks sit themselves on tall grasses and shrubs, waiting for your dog to walk by, so they can attach themselves to him. Dogs are often curious creatures, sticking their heads into everything, so it’s not uncommon for ticks to find their way into a dog’s ears. Since most ticks start out very small, it can be difficult to spot them when they first climb onto your dog. With so many crevices and hiding places, the ears make a perfect home for a hungry tick. When checking your dog, make sure to look deep into the ear, because the ticks can get attached and go unnoticed for a long time. If your dog is shaking and scratching at his ear, it’s a sure sign that something is off, and you’ll want to take a look.

2. Between Toes

Since ticks like to hide in places where they won’t be found, crawling in-between your dog’s toes and attaching there is a common occurrence. Checking his feet regularly will help you find these uninvited guests hitching a free ride on your pup. You can find them in-between the toes or even on the bottom of the foot near the pads. Again, if you notice your dog licking or chewing his feet, there might be something bothering him, and that something could be a tick.

3. Under the Tail

Ticks like dark, moist areas, so the underside of the tail makes a great home. Since most owners aren’t regularly checking the underside of the dog’s tail, especially near the base, a tick can go unnoticed for quite some time. If your dog has thick fur, you’ll want to make sure to comb through it and search thoroughly. A fine comb will likely catch a tick that’s attached itself under the tail.

4. In the Genital Region

Most dog owners aren’t keen on checking their dog’s genital regions. However, this area is another dark, moist region on the body that ticks really like hanging around in. Ticks can become attached and stay hidden by the dog’s coat and tail for a long time.

5. Around Eyelids

A lot of ticks go unnoticed near the eyelids because they’re mistaken for skin tags or eye discharge. Unfortunately, by the time many owners realize there is a tick on their dog’s eyelid, the tick has been attached for quite a while. This isn’t ideal, because the longer a tick stays attached, the more likely transmission of disease is to occur.

6. Under the Collar

Many dogs rarely have their collars taken off, and with good reason — it’s important to keep proper identification on your dog at all times. But when it comes to bathing and checking for ticks and fleas, removing the collar is important. Ticks can become attached underneath your dog’s collar without anyone noticing, usually until the tick is large enough to be seen — which means it’s been there for a while. Sometimes, removing and checking the collar itself will prevent a tick from attaching if it’s just crawling around underneath. Whatever the case, removing the collar to do a thorough check for ticks is important.

If you do find a tick on your dog, make sure to check out how to safely remove it, along with if and when to call your vet.


Flea Control For Dogs: Top Tips To Reduce Fleas In The Home

Fleas, although often unseen by humans, can pose severe problems to dogs. Fleas can cause your dogs to scratch excessively, which can result in severe redness and hair loss on the surface of their skin. Fleas can also cause skin allergies to your dogs, making them susceptible to other parasites, such as ringworms and tapeworms.

To ensure that none of these happen and your dogs live a healthy life, implement a flea control plan in your home. This is important because it assures the sanitation of your home, the health of the people living in it, and the wellness of your pet. Having a flea control plan in the home should be a priority because this problem can worsen fast, given that fleas aren’t always visible to the naked eye. The longer you leave the problem, the greater stress you’ll have.

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Listed below are some of the top tips for you to reduce fleas in the home:

Table of Contents

1. Dish Soap

Regardless of the number of people living with you or the type of home you currently live in, you’ll always need dish soap. Thus, dish soap is a necessity among all households.

But, aside from using this product in cleaning your dishes and all of your kitchen utensils, are you aware that this can also be used to get rid of fleas at home?

For this method, all you have to do is use a bowl or plate and then fill it with lukewarm water and a few cups of dish soap. Place this mixture in different parts of your home that you think receive the most flea activity.

This simple mixture is an effective method to reduce fleas in your home because the dish soap acts as a glue that can easily trap fleas. Depending on the severity of the problem, you can repeat this method with a fresh batch of water and dish soap every day.

2. Herbal Flea Spray

Today, there are different flea sprays available in the market, but most of these are filled with chemicals that can be harmful to pets and children, too. For a safer and cheaper alternative, opt to make your own herbal flea spray at home.

For you to create your own herbal flea spray, mix four liters of vinegar, 500 ml of lemon juice, 2 ml of witch hazel, and two liters of water. Mix all of these together for a few minutes and put the solution in a large spray bottle. You can spray the solution to pet beddings, window sills, and floors as often as you want to without worrying about the health of your pets and children at home.

3. Baking Soda

Vacuuming is one of the easiest ways to get rid of fleas around your way. If you suspect that your carpets and rugs are infested with fleas, you can just use your vacuum and let it suck these pesky pests from your home. But, if you want to increase the efficacy of your vacuum cleaner, add baking soda to your cleaning routine.

Before you turn on your vacuum cleaner, lay down a generous amount of baking soda on the surface you want to clean and use a hard brush to rub it into the fabric. This trick will loosen the cloth of the fabric, making it easier for the vacuum to suck the fleas.

4. Lemon Spray

Lemon can be used in different purposes around the home, and using it as a remedy for fleas is just one. A lemon spray is a simple yet effective way of getting rid of fleas. Plus, this mixture lives a tangy smell around your home, making the area feel more refreshed.

To make a lemon flea spray, slice several pieces of lemons, put them in a pint of water, and let the mixture boil. Let this sit overnight at room temperature and then pour it into a spray bottle.

You can spray the mixture on any surfaces around the home, but make sure that you’re not going to dampen and soak them.

5. Place Flea Repelling Plants Inside Your Home

Plants can add a pop color to your home and improve the ambiance of your space. Plants are great home decors that can improve the quality of your air and filter pollutants. If you’re planning to add plants inside your home but don’t have any idea what kind, choose those that can repel fleas.

Plants such as pennyroyal, lavender, and spearmint can effectively repel fleas because these contain natural oils.

It’s Easy When You Know How

Contrary to popular belief, getting rid of fleas from your home doesn’t need to be a daunting or expensive chore. You can achieve this goal by using products that are found in your cupboard.

Just make sure that you’re applying all of these tips consistently for you to see results fast!


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Ectoparasites (fleas and other skin parasites) in dogs

What types of skin parasites can affect dogs?

Fleas are the most common skin parasites found on dogs, in fact it is almost impossible for a dog not to be infested with fleas at some point during his or her lifetime. Adult fleas live on the dog and feed on blood. Each female flea lays up to 50 eggs per day and these fall off the dog into the surrounding area. The development of the next flea generation then takes place in the house, the car or anywhere else that the dog has access to. It is very important to remember this when treating a flea problem, as these areas need to be treated, too. Some animals with fleas do not show any obvious skin disease, whereas others can develop severe irritation, hair loss and inflamed or secondarily-infected skin, depending on the sensitivity of the individual animal. As flea infestations can quickly get out of hand, sometimes up to the point where professionals may have to be employed to decontaminate the house, it is important either to prevent a flea problem or to treat it thoroughly as soon as it is noticed.

Ticks are commonly found on dogs, but can also latch onto other animals and humans. Several types of ticks are found in the UK. In most cases they only cause local irritation and localised infections. However, in some parts of the UK ticks can transmit more generalised diseases, and in other countries they commonly transmit a variety of unpleasant infections. Ticks will not stay long on the dog, they burrow their heads into the skin, fill their bodies with the dog’s blood and then drop off. Ticks are a problem from spring to autumn, and especially in late spring and early autumn.

Mites come in different shapes and sizes.

The Sarcoptes mite or ‘fox mite’, causes scabies. This condition, a very itchy and uncomfortable skin disease, is common in dogs. Cats and foxes can also be affected by scabies. Although the mites spend their entire life-cycle on the dog, they can survive for up to 3 weeks away from their host. The mites burrow tunnels through the skin where they live and lay their eggs. Because they actually live inside the skin, they cannot be seen on the outside, and brushing and bathing will not remove them. In the early stages of the disease many dogs are not itchy, so the problem may not always be immediately apparent to the owner. Later, however, the discomfort becomes extreme.

Cheyletiella mites live on the surface of the skin and their eggs can be found stuck to hairs. The condition can affect dogs, cats and rabbits, and the mites spend their entire life on the animal. Adult mites can live in the environment for 10 to 14 days. Affected animals are often presented with crusty or scabby skin, and although most patients have only mild or no itchiness, occasionally severe discomfort develops. Sometimes mites can be seen on the hair (‘walking dandruff’).

Demodex is a special type of mite. It is present in small numbers in the majority of normal dogs and usually does not cause any clinical signs. Occasionally, however, the Demodex mite can cause disease and it may then result in one of the most challenging skin problems encountered in veterinary practice. Young dogs (about 3 to 11 months of age) occasionally show a localised form of the disease consisting of one or more focal areas of thinning hair or red and scaly skin. These lesions are not usually itchy and may go unnoticed. In most cases they disappear without treatment. In some instances, however, the lesions can grow until the most of the body is affected. This more severe form is occasionally also seen in adult dogs without previous development of localised lesions. Dogs with normal immune systems seem to have no problem in keeping demodex mites in check. In cases of generalised demodex infection, a significant underlying problem with the immune system can be suspected and further investigations may well be necessary to find out what is going on. Animals affected by Demodex are often not as itchy as may be expected with other types of mite infestation.

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Harvest mites
Harvest mites are generally only a problem in summer and early autumn. Mite larvae are found mainly on the feet (especially between the toes), but also on the legs, occasionally the head/ears and the tummy of affected dogs. They will not stay, but only feed for several days and then leave the dog. Infested animals can show signs ranging from no symptoms at all to intense itching. Larvae are often visible as small orange/red patches on the skin. Itchiness may persist for a while after the mites have gone.

Infestation with lice, a common problem in humans, is actually rare in dogs. Dogs have different lice from humans, so humans cannot catch lice from dogs and vice versa. The entire life cycle of lice is completed on the dog within 3 weeks. Clinical signs range from no symptoms at all to severe skin disease. Occasionally, a heavy infestation with blood-sucking lice can lead to anaemia in small dogs or puppies.

Most affected animals are presented with a dry scruffy looking coat, some hair loss and varying degrees of itchiness.

How do dogs get skin parasites?

Fleas are easily transmitted from dog to dog or from other animals (e.g. cats, hedgehogs) to dogs. Fleas can also be picked up when dogs enter an environment, e.g. a house or car, where developing fleas are lying in wait. Lastly, fleas can be carried by humans who handle dogs even if the human carrier is not subjected to bites.

Ticks are found on trees, bushes and in areas of denser vegetation, and they are able to sense when a dog or other animal passes by. They then drop or crawl onto the dog and start sucking blood. Ticks are not transmitted from dogs to other animals or human beings.

Sarcoptes mites are often transmitted by direct contact. However, as the mites can live away from their host for up to 3 weeks, dogs can be infected even without coming in direct contact with an infected animal.

Cheyletiella mites are usually transmitted from animal to animal through direct contact. Very rarely, dogs can pick up mites from the environment.

Demodex mites are probably only transmitted during the first hours of life from mother to newborn puppies. Most animals never show symptoms, as they will only appear if the immune system is unable to control the mites.

Harvest mites
Harvest mites most commonly live in areas of well-drained ground with heavy vegetation so the larvae will infest dogs that frequent such areas. Even though the individual larvae do not stay long on the dog, it is possible for dogs to be infested on a regular basis when they often go to the areas where mites are found.

Lice are transmitted by direct contact or by grooming a dog with a contaminated brush or comb. Louse infestations are more common when many dogs are together in a relatively small space, such as in a kennel, a rescue centre or a dog show.

What are the clinical signs of skin parasites in dogs?

All skin parasites can cause pruritus (itchy skin). Depending on the type and number of parasites involved this can range from an occasional scratch to continuous and extreme itching and self-mutilation. Partly due to the parasite and partly due to scratching, other clinical signs develop, including hair loss, red spots, pustules, scales and crusts and sore areas of skin. Very often bacteria grow on the affected skin and cause a secondary bacterial infection, which aggravates the situation and confuses the issue, making diagnosis more difficult. Some animals can become generally unwell.

Even if the parasite cannot readily be seen, the pattern of affected areas on the body and/or the changes of the skin can occasionally point towards a diagnosis. However, further tests are usually necessary to determine what is going on. Ticks are an exception — they are usually very obvious once they have filled with blood.

Can humans get skin parasites from dogs?

Fleas will often bite humans, causing itchy red spots on the skin. Treating the dog is sufficient to stop the problem, as animal fleas cannot live long on humans.

Dog lice cannot be transmitted to humans and human lice will not go onto dogs.

Ticks and harvest mites can affect humans as well as animals. They are not transmitted by dogs, however — humans pick them up from the environment in the same way as dogs.

Sarcoptes and Cheyletiella
Sarcoptes and Cheyletiella mites frequently pass from infected pets to their owners and cause intensely itchy red spots and crusts on human skin. However, after treating the mites on the dog, the disease in humans is usually self-limiting and does not require additional treatment.

Demodex mites are not transmitted from dogs to humans, although humans have their own version of demodex infection.

How can skin parasites be prevented or treated?

Fleas should be treated with a quality spot-on preparation. In rare cases, a spray may also be used on the animal. Flea collars, shampoos and powders are no longer recommended. Treatment of the dog’s environment (house, car etc) is very important, and the treatment of all pets should be continued over a period of at least 3 months to ensure all the next flea generations have gone. It is generally preferable to prevent rather than to treat a flea infestation, and to use spot-on preparations on a regular basis. This treatment has to be done every 4 to 8 weeks, depending on the product used.

Lice can be treated with most of the spot-on preparations that are used to treat or prevent fleas. Treatment of the environment is not necessary, although grooming equipment (combs, brushes etc) should be thoroughly cleaned.

Ticks should be removed individually with a tick remover, taking care that the mouthparts are removed in order to avoid causing a nasty skin reaction. All other procedures, such as covering the tick in oil, alcohol or glue should never be used because, although transmission of disease by ticks is a rare problem in the UK, such methods of killing ticks encourage the transmission of disease, as the slowly dying tick regurgitates blood, and potential infection, back into the patient. Several — but not all — of the spot-on products will prevent ticks from biting, so if your dog is prone to getting ticks, please contact us for advice on suitable products.

Mites are also treated by spot-on products and occasionally by use of medicinal shampoos or washes. As not all products are suitable for every type of mite, we will advise you of the most appropriate treatment in each individual case.

The treatment of demodex mites is different. Demodex mites are much more difficult to get rid of and the underlying immune problem also has to be taken into account. Treatment is intense and stretches over a considerable number of weeks. While treatment may be very successful, it can be frustrating and, depending on any underlying condition, the prognosis may be guarded.

If you have any queries or concerns about ectoparasites and your dog, please do not hesitate to contact us.


Dog dandruff: causes, symptoms and how to get rid of it

It’s a cringe-worthy situation you’ve seen in many shampoo commercials: white flakes scattered on the shoulders of some unfortunate person.

If you’re noticing similar flakes on your dog’s fur, you may be determined to figure out the cause and how to get the unsightly spots to go away for good. Doggie dandruff can be a sign of other problems, so it’s good practice to get it checked out by a veterinarian if you’re noticing a change in your dog’s coat or behavior.

“It’s such a common problem because it has so many potential causes,” says Dr. Christine Cain, assistant professor, CE, at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine Dermatology & Allergy Service. “If people are noticing that there’s a lot more dandruff in the coat, or if their dog is showing any other signs like they’re itchy, or super stinky, or anything is changing as far as how they seem to be feeling or acting, they should definitely get it checked out.”

Read on for expert information about this pesky problem, like typical causes, symptoms, treatments and more.

What causes dog dandruff?

Dandruff is generally a secondary condition that has a number of different causes, like allergies, serious skin problems, or certain genetic disorders, to name a few.

«Dandruff, or seborrhea, can be a primary cause or a secondary cause,» says Dr. Jennifer Niedziela, of Countryside Veterinary Clinic in Lowville, New York. «Primary seborrhea is very rare and inherited in nature. Secondary seborrhea can be caused by allergies, internal or external parasites (Demodex, Cheyletiella), bacterial or yeast infections, certain endocrine disorders (hypothyroidism, Cushing’s disease), dietary abnormalities, obesity and environmental factors such as temperature and humidity.»

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When it comes to weather, the winter months can be particularly challenging for dogs who are susceptible to dandruff. The low humidity amplifies skin conditions.

“If their homes are very dry, just like we can get dried out during the winter and can have drier more flaky skin, dogs potentially could as well if they’re in a very dry house or there is forced air heating,” Cain says.

Spring and summer can also be tough for dogs that may have seasonal allergies to contend with, as well.

What are the symptoms of dog dandruff?

If you’re noticing random flakes on your dog, there’s really no cause for alarm.

“A couple flakes, that’s not really abnormal,” says Cain. “It can sometimes depend on, for example, when dogs are in the hospital. Sometimes when they get stressed we’ll notice that flaky skin more. But a few flakes here and there that’s not really concerning.”

Here are some symptoms, though, that could be cause for concern:

If you’re seeing a lot of flakes on your dog’s coat, it’s time to get to the bottom of the issue with a professional.

«If your pet’s skin is overly flaky, it is important to have them evaluated by a veterinarian to rule out any medical causes,» says Dr. Jennifer Johnson, of South Hingham Veterinary Services in Hingham, Massachusetts.

If you notice certain seasonal patterns, be sure to mention this to your vet. Dandruff can appear anywhere on your dog’s body.

“It can be in a particular area,” Cain says. “For example, if the dog has a skin infection on a certain area of their body, sometimes we’ll notice that the skin is more flaky or even crusty in that area. Or sometimes it can be all over the body.”

Itching or discomfort

Depending on the underlying cause of the dandruff, you may notice itching or behavior signaling discomfort.

“If it’s a patient with a skin infection, allergies, certain parasites or even that more rare type of skin cancer that causes skin to be flaky, it can be itchy,” Cain says. “So it just really depends on what the cause is. Dogs who have primary [dandruff], like with a genetic problem, they’re not usually itchy.”

Redness or odor

You may see redness on sections of your dog’s skin.

“If they are allergic or they have a skin infection, then the skin can often be red, as well,” Cain says. “Sometimes it can be stinky, too. The skin might smell different.”

Do certain breeds suffer more from dog dandruff than others?

That’s a tough question to answer definitively, “because it’s such a common secondary change to the skin,” explains Cain. “There are certain breeds for example that are predisposed to certain immune-mediating conditions where one of the typical signs is really flaky skin. There are certain breeds that are predisposed to having a genetic condition that causes them to be really flaky. There’s one called Ichthyosis, that happens in people, too.”

Two breeds often associated with the inherited skin condition of Ichthyosis — affecting the outer layer of the skin — are golden retrievers and American bulldogs.

But, in general, any breed of dog can develop a case of dandruff.

“It’s a problem that can happen in any single dog because there are so many potential causes,” Cain says.

What are the most common treatments for dog dandruff?

Most dogs who have dandruff will have a secondary issue, Cain says.

“The most common causes would be allergies, skin infections, other immune-mediated diseases [other than allergy] and endocrine disorders,” she says.

Here are some common treatments for those causes:

In her practice, environmental allergies are the most common, but food allergies can look identical, which makes diagnosis “very tricky to figure out,” Cain says.

“You have to rule one out at a time, so usually we’ll start by ruling out food allergy by doing a strict diet change,” she says. “The real way to confirm it is by introducing back the previous diet to see if the dog gets worse on their previous diet.”

Treatment: “There are medications that can help with [environmental] allergies,” Cain says. “If we’re thinking about food allergy, we might recommend a diet change. Think about things like allergy testing. Often we’re managing allergy with multiple different treatment strategies.”

Yeast or bacterial infections, for example — particularly with the presence of staph — can cause dandruff.

“These are normal inhabitants of dog skin, they’re not necessarily picking them up from elsewhere,” Cain says. “When our patients have an allergy or another problem with their skin barrier, they are then susceptible to developing those infections, again, a secondary issue.”

Treatment: “First we identify it, and then we treat with either topical antiseptics or potentially oral medications, depending on the severity,” Cain says.

One example Cain gives is a condition called sebaceous adenitis that requires a skin biopsy to diagnose.

“It’s a disease where the oil glands in the skin, or the sebaceous glands, are destroyed, and we think it’s caused by the immune system causing that inflammation to destroy those sebaceous glands,” she says.

Treatment: “[We need] to replace the oils that the skin is missing,” Cain says. “So it’s a lot of topical treatments, and then sometimes we’ll use oral medications to sort of suppress the immune system, suppress the inflammation that’s going on.”

Examples are hypothyroidism, when the thyroid gland doesn’t make enough of the thyroxine hormone, or Cushing’s disease, where there’s excess steroid produced by the dog’s body.

Treatment: “Probably the biggest ones we see are hypothyroidism, or low thyroid hormone,” Cain says. “That disease is treated by supplementing with thyroid hormone. [Cushing’s disease] needs to be treated typically by decreasing the amount of cortisol or steroid that the body is producing.” This can be done with an oral medication.

What are the most common home remedies for mild dandruff?

There are home remedies to try if your dog has mild dandruff. If your dog has really bad dandruff, it’s wise to schedule a veterinary visit.

“There may be another reason for it,” says Cain. “People should see their veterinarian to talk about the reason for the dandruff and [get] a specific targeted treatment.”

Here are five home remedies to try:

1. Regularly groom your dog.

This is a simple way to maintain your dog’s coat and keep dandruff at bay. Niedziela recommends regular grooming and brushing to «distribute the coat’s natural oils and massage the skin.» It’s a good idea to make this a part of a regular care routine.

“Like our hair could get dandruff-y if we don’t wash it, the same thing can happen [with dogs],” Cain says. “Most dogs don’t need to wash their hair as often as people do, but that could contribute if they’re just really dirty.”

2. Give supplements of omega-3 fatty acids.

Adding an omega-3 fatty acid supplement to your pet’s diet can also promote skin and coat health, resulting in less dandruff. Speak with your veterinarian before feeding your pet any supplements or vitamins, which are typically in liquid or capsule form.

3. Use a humidifier in your home.

Since low humidity can have an impact on dog dandruff — “If there’s really dry air in the household, that can potentially dry everyone’s skin out,” Cain says — it’s good to keep a humidifier going, particularly in your dog’s sleeping area. Increasing the moisture in the air can soothe your pup’s skin and potentially counter seasonal dandruff.

4. Try anti-dandruff or a soothing oatmeal dog shampoo.

Using an anti-dandruff shampoo made for dogs can help.

«Make sure it is made for dogs, as the pH of dog skin is different from the pH of human skin,» Niedziela says. «Using human shampoos can make things worse.»

Additionally, dog shampoos with oatmeal can comfort itchy skin.

“Oatmeal shampoos tend to have some soothing and moisturizing effects on the skin,” Cain says.

5. Feed your dog a good diet.

Make sure your dog has a balanced diet with the proper nutrients.

“I don’t necessarily have one brand to recommend but it should be a balanced, commercially available diet,” Cain says. “If there is some reason people are home cooking for their pet — [for instance] they prefer to do it for health reasons or whatever — they should be working with a veterinary nutritionist or with their veterinarian to make sure that the diet is balanced and it’s not missing essential nutrients or vitamins and minerals.”

If your dog has any diagnosed food allergies, make sure you are taking this into account when selecting food. Be sure to consult with a veterinarian if you’re unsure what should make up a healthy, balanced diet.


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