MEANS OF THE KOMBAT SERIES OF BEDBUGS: A REVIEW, INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE AND THE AVERAGE PRICE — HOUSE, APARTMENT
Combat from bedbugs: easy means to use and with a reasonable price
- 1 Combat from bedbugs: easy means to use and with a reasonable price
- 2 Kombat from bedbugs
- 3 Technology use
- 4 Useful materials
- 5 [Withdrawn] COVID-19: interim guidance for primary care
- 6 This guidance was withdrawn on 6 April 2020
- 7 1. Main principles
- 8 2. Actions to take
- 9 3. Patient transfers
- 10 4. Environmental cleaning following a possible case
- 11 Termite Tenting & Fumigation- Cost, Preparation, Safety & Cleaning After
- 12 What is termite Fumigation? Is it necessary?
- 13 How long does Fumigation last?
- 14 Termite Tenting Cost?
- 15 Tenting a house for termites-Preparation & process
- 16 Safety & Health Risks
- 17 What to do after Tenting-Cleaning
- 18 Dealing with ants after Termites Fumigation
- 19 Best way to get rid of termites without Tenting
We live in a civilized society and use high technology. However, people could not get rid of annoying insects that crawl into homes without asking for a long time to settle in them.
Among such pests, domestic bugs occupy one of the first places of honor along with cockroaches and ants.
Unpleasant neighbors quickly multiply and cause a lot of problems.
They live in beds and couches, bite at night residents and suck their blood.
Kombat from bedbugs
Naturally, I want to get rid of such a neighborhood as soon as possible. To do this, a variety of insecticides have been created, among which funds for bugs of the series Combat. These drugs quickly and completely effectively destroy harmful parasites, eliminating the entire problem.
Against bed bugs are used aerosol products.
- Superspray (Superspray) — combined insecticide. Contains synthetic pyrethroids cypentorine and imiprotrin. Thanks to these components, it acts quickly, destroying most of the insects in the colony. It settles on the surface, continuing to work for several days.
- Super Spray Plus (S.s. plus) — modification of the previous aerosol. In addition to harmful insects, it also destroys pathogenic microorganisms, disinfecting the treated areas.
- Multispray (Multispray) — insecticide universal purpose, eliminating not only crawling, but flying insects. It has a complex composition of several active substances. It can be used against ants, moths, cockroaches, spiders, kozheedov, bedbugs, ticks, flea beetles.
Pros of the series
Aerosols can be used immediately, they do not need to be previously prepared, for example, diluted with water as concentrates.
- Multispray has a wide range of effects., destroying all household pests.
- Superspray and its modification have a narrow effect, more effectively eliminating directly crawling insects.
- All drugs belong to the 3rd class of danger, they have low toxicity for people and pets.
- Superspray disinfects treated surfaces, destroying fungi and bacteria, which carry and distribute bugs.
- Aerosols Superspray practically do not have an unpleasant smell.
- Insecticides begin to act immediately after falling on the covers of bedbugs.
- The bottles are equipped with a convenient nozzle., allowing to process hard-to-reach areas.
- Means do not stain furniture, walls and fabricsDo not leave greasy and stained spots.
- Ease of use of drugs allows you to independently destroy insects, without causing special services.
Disadvantages of aerosols
- Multispray has a strong characteristic odor.unpleasant for people.
- Aerosols have a high cost.. One bottle of Super spray costs about 250 rubles, Multispray can be purchased for 160-180 rubles.
- To process one-room apartment will need 2-3 cans insecticide.
- For the complete extermination of bedbug colonies will have to spend at least 2 treatments.
- Pyrethroids in the composition of the spray do not destroy eggs.
- With two or three times the use of funds bugs produce resistance to active substances.
Mechanism of action
Substances included in the preparations are able to penetrate the dense chitinous cover on the body of bugs. They act on the nervous system of bloodsuckers, causing convulsions, turning into paralysis of the limbs. Then comes the death of the pests.
Before proceeding with the treatment of the premises, their need to prepare.
- To do this, the furniture must be removed from the walls and placed in the middle of the room, opening access to the baseboards.
- All the sofas and beds to make up to the frame, removing bedding and mattresses.
- Remove all items from wardrobes.
This ends the preparatory stage and processing begins insecticides.
- The aerosol bottle is shaken vigorously and sprayed into habitats of bedbugs.
- Processing is carried out from a distance of 2-3 dm.
- Be sure to spray the slits in the baseboards, beds, chairs, rear walls of furniture, carpets, mattresses, paintings and any hidden areas.
- After completing the procedure, you need to leave the apartment for 15-25 minutes, leaving insecticides to work.
Conduct The final stage operations.
- First of all, all treated rooms should be thoroughly ventilated.
- Then collect the corpses of insects and larvae with a vacuum cleaner and carry out final cleaning.
- To do this, make a soap solution, add soda to it and wipe all contaminated surfaces.
About after 8-10 days need to perform a second operation on removing bed bugs from home.
IMPORTANT! In order to guarantee the extermination of insects, the treatment is carried out immediately in all areas of the house.
Combat aerosols do their job well, exterminating bedbugs. However, one should not expect from him a miraculous deliverance from all bloodsuckers from the very first use.
Read other articles about bedbugs:
- Pay attention to such means of struggle at home as scarers and traps.
- Find out the main causes of the appearance of bloodsuckers in the apartment, namely the bedding parasites.
- What do homebugs look like and how to get rid of them using various methods?
- Learn what they are dangerous to humans? How to recognize their bites, especially in children and how to properly handle damaged areas?
- To effectively deal with these insects, find out what species exist, how they multiply and feed, where to find their nests and can they live in clothes?
- Read more about folk remedies, in particular vinegar and temperature effects.
- Effective preventive measures.
- Study several review articles about modern means of struggle, in particular with bed bugs. Familiarize yourself with the list of safe products for people and pets, and also learn how to properly prepare the apartment before treatment.
- If you can not cope with the parasites on their own, we recommend that you contact the professionals. They possess effective destruction technologies and will be able to help you as soon as possible.
In conclusion, we offer you a video on how to treat the room with an aerosol:
[Withdrawn] COVID-19: interim guidance for primary care
Updated 19 March 2020
This guidance was withdrawn on 6 April 2020
The information on this page has been superseded by information at the following links:
- information about the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) in primary care
- primary care guidance and standard operating procedures for COVID-19 are now provided by NHS England
- posters to support safe putting on and taking off PPE
© Crown copyright 2020
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This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/wn-cov-guidance-for-primary-care/wn-cov-interim-guidance-for-primary-care
Make sure patient information posters are displayed so they can be seen before patients enter the premises.
1. Main principles
- identify potential cases as soon as possible
- prevent potential transmission of infection to other patients and staff
- avoid direct physical contact, including physical examination, and exposures to respiratory secretions
2. Actions to take
Patients booking in by telephone who meet the case definition should be directed to stay at home, or to contact NHS 111 online if they are getting worse.
An unwell patient with relevant symptoms should be identified when they book in at reception and immediately placed in a room away from other patients and staff. If COVID-19 is considered possible when a consultation is already in progress, withdraw from the room, close the door and wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
The patient should remain in the room with the door closed. Belongings and waste should remain in the room. The patient and any accompanying family should remain in the room with the door closed while they are remotely assessed by a clinician in the practice.
Should the patient need to use the toilet, they should be allocated one for their sole use. Instruct the patient to wash their hands thoroughly after using the toilet, and return directly to the room they have been isolated in and close the door. The toilet should be taken out of use until cleaned and disinfected following the decontamination guidance.
3. Patient transfers
If the patient is critically ill and requires an urgent ambulance transfer to a hospital, inform the ambulance call handler of the concerns about COVID-19 .
In all other instances, the case must be discussed with the hospital first so that they are aware that COVID-19 is being considered and the method of transport to secondary care agreed.
Following the patient transfer, the room should be closed and should not be used until further advice is provided by the local HPT .
4. Environmental cleaning following a possible case
Once a possible case has been transferred from the primary care premises, the room where the patient was placed should not be used, the room door should remain shut, with windows opened and the air conditioning switched off until it has been cleaned with detergent and disinfectant. Once this process has been completed, the room can be put back in use immediately.
The responsible person undertaking the cleaning with detergent and disinfectant should be familiar with these processes and procedures:
- collect all cleaning equipment and clinical waste bags before entering the room
- any cloths and mop heads used must be disposed of as single use items
- before entering the room, perform hand hygiene then put on a disposable plastic apron and gloves
4.2 On entering the room
- keep the door closed with windows open to improve airflow and ventilation whilst using detergent and disinfection products
- bag all items that have been used for the care of the patient as clinical waste, for example, contents of the waste bin and any consumables that cannot be cleaned with detergent and disinfectant
- remove any fabric curtains or screens and bag as infectious linen
- close any sharps containers wiping the surfaces with either a combined detergent disinfectant solution at a dilution of 1000 parts per million (ppm ) available chlorine (av.cl.) or a neutral purpose detergent followed by disinfection (1000 ppm av.cl.)
4.3 Cleaning process
Use disposable cloths or paper roll or disposable mop heads, to clean and disinfect all hard surfaces or floor or chairs or door handles or reusable non-invasive care equipment or sanitary fittings in the room, following one of the 2 options below:
4.4 Cleaning and disinfection of reusable equipment
Clean and disinfect any reusable non-invasive care equipment, such as blood pressure monitors, digital thermometers, glucometers, that are in the room prior to their removal.
Clean all reusable equipment systematically from the top or furthest away point.
4.5 Carpeted flooring and soft furnishings
If carpeted floors or item cannot withstand chlorine-releasing agents, consult the manufacturer’s instructions for a suitable alternative to use, following or combined with detergent cleaning.
4.6 On leaving the room
- discard detergent or disinfectant solutions safely at disposal point
- all waste from suspected contaminated areas should be removed from the room and quarantined until patient test results are known (this may take 48 hours); if the patient is confirmed to have COVID-19 further advice should be sought from the local HPT
- clean, dry and store re-usable parts of cleaning equipment, such as mop handles
- remove and discard PPE as clinical waste
- perform hand hygiene
4.7 Cleaning of communal areas
If a suspected case spent time in a communal area, for example, a waiting area or toilet facilities, then these areas should be cleaned with detergent and disinfectant (as above) as soon as practicably possible, unless there has been a blood or body fluid spill which should be dealt with immediately. Once cleaning and disinfection have been completed, the area can be put back in use.
Termite Tenting & Fumigation- Cost, Preparation, Safety & Cleaning After
If you have a very big house and termites infest it, your property will be highly damaged. Termite fumigation is one of the most expensive yet the most effective ways of getting rid of termites in case of a large infestation.
This article describes the process, the costs associated with the procedures, safety of using this method and cleaning up after tenting
What is termite Fumigation? Is it necessary?
Also referred to as termite tenting, termite fumigation is a process which involves sealing of your home using tarps and letting in a fumigant which eliminates any termites present.
It involves killing of termites using a poisonous gas. Vikane is the fumigant which in most cases is released into the structure to kill termites.
When the professional fumigating your house introduces the fumigant into the sealed structure, it circulates all through the house ensuring it gets into any cracks and crevices.
When termites inhale the fumigant, they are deprived of oxygen and this causes their nervous system to fail and they suffocate to death.
When the fumigation expert is through with the process and is certain all the termites have been exposed to the fumigant, he or she removes the termite fumigation tent.
Upon removal of the tarps, the fumigant disperses into the air and should be given a minimum of 6 hours to totally aerate the house.
It is not until the expert carries out a test on each room to ensure the fumigant is totally gone that you can get into the house.
Most people do not like their homes being fumigated probably because of the procedures involved and the need to vacate homes for several hours.
However, there are cases where fumigation is necessary especially if you want to eliminate termites for good. Below are some of the cases which necessitate termite fumigation;
- In the United States, most people who apply the fumigation process are those whose homes have been attacked by dry wood termites. If your entire house is infested with dry wood termites, it will be very difficult to apply any other technique and be confident that all termites are gone.
- Dry wood termites hide in places other termite elimination methods may not reach. Apart from hiding in furniture, dry wood termites all hide in clothing, dry wall and on the floor; among other areas. Fumigation process will be effective here as it ensures the poisonous gas penetrates even the smallest spaces of your house.
- Apart from that, where the infestation to be treated has covered a very large area, termite fumigation will be economical as compared to other methods which cover only a small infested part at a time.
How long does Fumigation last?
Termite fumigation process takes an average of two to three days. This will depend on the level of infestation as well as the size of your house.
Once the termite fumigation process is done, the termites that were in the house will all be killed. Although the termites do not die immediately, they will eventually die before the two or three days are over.
Termite tenting kills termites but does not prevent future infestations. This is considered to be one of the drawbacks that come with this method of termite treatment.
Termite Tenting Cost?
Termite tenting is one of the most expensive termite treatment methods. The average termite fumigation cost is $1200 to $2500 in the case of house of 1250 square foot.
For a 2500 square foot house, the cost is slightly higher and is around $2200 to $3800.
This cost however varies depending on several factors with the main one being the size of your house.
If your house is very big, you expect that you will pay more money for the treatment. This is usually because, not only will the chemicals used be more but also the work done is more when compared to treating a small house.
The level of infestation is a determinant of how much you will incur in the tenting process. So much of the chemicals have to be used if an old termite infestation is to be terminated. A new infestation will be cheaper to fumigate.
Another major factor is the company you are working with. Some Termite treatment companies are more expensive than others. You are advised to always compare the available company prices alongside their charges.
You could also look at reviews from people who had their houses fumigated for termites by different companies.
Tenting a house for termites-Preparation & process
Before beginning the fumigation process, the professional will require you to do some preparation so that you make it easy for him to complete the process successfully. Below are some of the things he requires you to do;
Get somewhere to stay
For the process to be a total success, it may take between 24 to 72 hours depending on the size of the house. For those hours, you must stay away from your home since the chemicals used as fumigants are very harmful to your health.
Keep inner doors between rooms open
If your entire house is infested with termites, you must allow for the fumigant to get into all the rooms.
Even though the poisonous gas used in the process can penetrate into the room under the locked doors, it will be faster and more effective if you allow the penetration of the gas to be through the entire door. A bigger portion of the room will be covered in a shorter time.
Ensure your food is sealed
Put the food in containers to avoid the exposure to the fumigant. You are actually advised to take the food with you when you leave.
If that is not possible, you should ensure the containers in which you store the food are airtight such that no chemicals can penetrate through.
Cover any cracks
Once the chemicals are released into your house, it should stay without escaping through any openings.
This is only possible if you cover any openings on the walls of your house that you may have seen in the past. The professional will also help you trace any other cracks that may let out the gas.
Secure pets and any house plants
The chemicals used in fumigation will destroy any living thing that is left in the house.
Take your pets with you and cover up any plants too close to your house to avoid any harm that maybe caused by the fumigation chemicals.
Create space in your house
You are required to organize your house in such a manner that the professionals fumigating your house can move freely when setting up the tent.
Remove the antennae and satellite dishes
Since the tent will be set such that it covers your house from outside, the satellites and antennae are likely to be broken. They may also be a hindrance to those setting up the tent so ensure you remove them.
Chemicals and other tools used
Vikane and Zythor are the two main fumigants used in the tenting process. They are not detectable by people during the fumigation process since they are colorless and odorless. These fumigants do not cause any staining, they are non-flammable and non-corrosive.
Chloropicrin, the warning agent released before the fumigant is a colorless liquid that has a very strong odor. When used at low concentrations, it causes tearing of the eye.
This is why it will definitely reveal if there are any people or pets that are still in the house before the fumigator releases the other chemicals.
Apart from the chemicals, the fumigator needs the tents and a hose to channel the chemicals into the tented house.
He or she will also be equipped with chemical detectors which will be used in the end as an assurance that there are no chemicals left in the house. Below are some of the equipment used;
It measures the levels of fumigant concentration when the termite tenting process is ongoing.
They detect any gases that may be leaking from the treatment area.
It is used by the fumigator before he lets you in so that he checks for extremely low concentrations of the chemicals.
When you are through with preparation and the professionals have all necessary tools and chemicals ready, they follow the following steps to complete the fumigation process;
- The professionals ascertain once more that your home is indeed infested with termites after which they proceed with the work. The first step involves securing your house or home area by locking all entry ways and putting up warning signs that people should not come close to your home.
- The fumigator, who must be licensed, then uses large tarps to tent your home. To secure the tarps along the foundation of your house, the fumigator uses long ‘sand snakes’.
- The fumigator ensures the tarps are well sealed before releasing chloropicrin which goes in as a warning sign that the fumigant is going to be introduced.
- Using a special hose, the fumigator introduces the fumigant from a fumigant cylinder usually kept outside your house.
- Based on the size of the home, the fumigant is left in the structure for a range of 24 hours to 48 hours. In some few cases, it is left for 72 hours.
- Once the process is complete and the fumigator has given sufficient time for the chemicals to kill the termites, he now aerates your house. After the fumigator is certain your house is free of any chemicals, he allows you back to the house.
Using Vicane Fumigant
Safety & Health Risks
The chemicals used in the fumigation process are very dangerous. This is however in the case where they are used in high concentrations.
In case you or your pets get exposed to high concentrations of the fumigants, you may lose your life.
You are therefore advised to follow all the instructions given by the fumigator.
If you are asked to stay away from your house for two days, stay away since that is good for your health. The fumigators are very careful and they ensure that no person is exposed to the chemicals.
To ensure no person is in the house, the safety measure that fumigators use is releasing the chloropicrin which causes tearing; as mentioned above .Any person or pet in the house that gets exposed to it will definitely get out.
What to do after Tenting-Cleaning
After the fumigation process, there are things you need to do as soon as you move back to your house. Below are some of the requirements after termite fumigation;
- Keep your doors and windows open as often as possible to allow for any chemicals that may still be there to escape.
- Wash all your clothes to free them of any chemical remains.
- Wash all utensils even those that were sealed. Remember you do not want to take chances of getting exposed to deadly chemicals.
- Clean or wipe all doors, floors, windows, countertops and shelves to remove any chemical residue.
- After some weeks, you can invite back the fumigator to confirm the success the process in eliminating all the termites.
Dealing with ants after Termites Fumigation
One of the things that most termite treatment companies may not tell you is that, after termite fumigation, some insects may suddenly show up.
The most common insects that are seen around the house after the termite tenting process are ants. Ants invade your house at that particular time so that they can feed on the dead termites.
The ants will stay in the galleries that were formerly infested with termites and will only leave once they are certain all the dead termites are cleaned up.
If you wish to keep these ants way, therefore, you should do the cleanup job yourself and ensure ants have nothing to feast on. If the ants are stubborn, you can use ant killer.
Best way to get rid of termites without Tenting
There are many other methods that can be used to eliminate termites other than termite tenting. They have been discussed widely in most of the other articles and they include the following;
- Using spraying such as boric acid spray
- Termite baiting stations such as using sentricon termite baiting systems
- Natural remedies, for example, use of neem oil, orange oil, nematodes or aloe vera juice
- Freezing is another method used to kill termites
- Exposing termites to heat
- Use of chemicals such as arsenic dust, and permethrin dust
All these methods are effective but you must ensure that the choice you make on which method to use is not only effective but also economical.
Always remember that some methods require a backup since when used alone they are not effective.
Moreover, some methods are better when used for a small scale infestation than a large scale infestation.