How to Treat Hair Mites in Humans, Healthfully

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How to Treat Hair Mites in Humans

Hair mites are most commonly found on a person’s eyelashes and eyebrows, and don’t usually cause any symptoms. However, in people with deficiencies in their immune system, they have been linked to various health conditions, including acne, dermatitis, rosacea, and hair loss.

Demodex folliculorum and dermodex brevis are the two main types of hair mites in humans. They live in the hair follicles, and in the sebaceous glands (oil glands) respectively. They are both refered to as demodicosis 1. Depending on which form of hair mite you have, and what symptoms the hair mites are producing on your face or in your hair, you can opt for a number of treatments for your demodicosis 1.

Hair Mites Treatment from your dermatologist

Visit your dermatologist. They will be able to diagnose what kind of hair mite you have by putting one of your eyelashes under a microscope.

If you have hair mites, the dermatologist will lure them to the surface of the hair follicle with a chemical agent, and then treat your eyelids and brows with a 0.5% proparacaine solution. After five minutes, they will apply a solution of 70% alcohol.

Repeat these treatments at the dermatologist for three weeks.

Continue to treat the hair mites at home in between visits to the dermatologist.

Home Treatments For Hair Mites

If you have a diagnosis of hair mites, discard all your eye makeup. Do not wear any during the duration of the treatment, approximately one month.

Disinfect all sheets and towels to prevent re-infection. Buy new pillows.

Check your domestic partner and children; if everyone has a hair mite problem, all will need to be treated.

Check pets for any signs of mange, and treat them accordingly.

Scrub the eyelids and eyebrows twice daily with baby shampoo diluted with water to yield a 50% dilution.

Apply 50% tea tree oil with 50% Macadamia nut oil carefully to the lashes and brows with cotton tip applicators. Get the oil into the lash roots and along the lashes to kill any eggs. Treat the eyebrows as well.

Apply the antibiotic ointment you have been prescribed until the symptoms clear up. Mercury oxide 1% ointment, pilocarpine gel, or tetracaine are the most common treatments for hair mites.

Use tea tree oil soap to wash your face daily.

Continue with all treatments until the symptoms disappear. A return trip the the dermatologist will determine if you have successfully removed your hair mites.

If inflammation is present, the dermatologist may prescribe a combination steroid-antibiotic ointment for one week.

If the hair mites have caused severe skin symptoms like acne or rosacea, oral antibiotics like tetracycline may be prescribed. Complete all doses of the ointments or oral antibiotics to clear the hair mites.

Tea tree oil is a natural antinflammatory with antiseptic properties, and excellent for discouraging acne.


Be careful when applying any strong solution along the eyelashes.

Don’t forget to treat the eyebrows as well.

For men, these treatments should include treating the facial hair, such as moustache, beard and sideburns. They might want to consider shaving facial hair closely.

Hair mites are most commonly found on a person’s eyelashes and eyebrows, and don’t usually cause any symptoms. However, in people with deficiencies in their immune system, they have been linked to various health conditions, including acne, dermatitis, rosacea, and hair loss. Continue to treat the hair mites at home in between visits to the dermatologist. Scrub the eyelids and eyebrows twice daily with baby shampoo diluted with water to yield a 50% dilution. Treat the eyebrows as well. A return trip the the dermatologist will determine if you have successfully removed your hair mites.

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How Often To Change the Bedding With Ringworm

The itchiness, the redness, the uncomfortable pain—ringworm. Ringworm is a contagious skin infection caused by a fungus. The infection starts off with redness and itching. Ringworm can appear on your scalp, feet and other areas of your body. To help eliminate ringworm, you need to treat yourself as well as any clothing and bedding, which you should change—sheets, pillowcases and other linens—every two days.

If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.

Changing Your Bedding

Change your bedding every two days. Sheets, pillowcases and other linens must be washed in hot water. By changing your bedding, you are not infecting others you sleep with and you are not re-infecting yourself. It is important that you change everything on the bed, even the mattress cover and comforter.

Washing and Drying the Bedding

Wash your bedding in hot water and use a regular laundry detergent. Also add ½ cup of borax to the wash water to help kill the ringworm. Then dry your bedding on the hottest setting your linens will allow (make sure you check the label on the bedding for the proper setting) for at least 30 minutes.

You can also dry your bedding on a clothesline outside. Make sure you dry it during the hottest part of the day. You want the linen to dry completely before putting the bedding back on your bed.

If you can’t wash or dry your bedding in a home washing machine/dryer, have the bedding dry cleaned.

Extra Set of Bedding

If you only have one set of bedding, invest in another. Buy a polyester blend set of bedding so you can clean it quickly in hot water. Don’t forget to buy pillowcases, mattress pad, comforter and any other bedding you usually put on your bed.

See also:  Cockroach Infestation and Factors Affecting the Estimation of Cockroach Population in Urban Communities

The itchiness, the redness, the uncomfortable pain—ringworm. The infection starts off with redness and itching. Don’t forget to buy pillowcases, mattress pad, comforter and any other bedding you usually put on your bed.

Body Lice Symptoms & Treatments

— Generally not as common as head and pubic lice —

Summary: Body lice tend to occur in crowded and unsanitary conditions where clothes are not regularly washed. Body lice infestations can also spread a disease called epidemic typhus in these situations. Eggs, or nits, of body lice are laid on clothing unlike the related head and pubic lice which attach their eggs to individual hairs.

Jack DeAngelis, ext. entomologist (ret.) revised: 11/2018

Body lice identification (how do they differ from head lice)

Body lice are small (1-3 mm; 1/16″-1/8″) blood-sucking insects that closely resemble head lice, to which they are related (see What are Head Lice? for a photograph of an adult louse). Body lice, unlike head lice however, live in clothing and lay their eggs (nits) on cloth fibers. Body lice move from clothing to the skin surface to feed. Because body lice eggs are attached to clothing, these lice are generally not a concern where clothes are routinely washed.

Severe outbreaks of body lice, and associated louse-borne diseases, have historically occurred during wars, in prisons, on crowded ships, and under similar crowded and unsanitary situations but are less common today.

Body louse eggs, or nits, on clothing (highly magnified, individual cloth fibers are visible). The nit on the left is older as indicated by its darker cap (left end of nit)..

Body lice eggs, or nits, in clothing

Eggs, or nits, of all human lice (head lice, body lice and pubic lice) are about 1 mm long. Nits of body lice are laid in clothing, attached to cloth fibers, whereas head and pubic lice attach their eggs to hairs (see photo above).

Nits need body heat in order to hatch which generally takes seven to ten days. If infested clothes are not worn, body lice eggs won’t hatch and may die. Lice molt through several immature stages before becoming adults.

Treating body lice

Body lice can be completely controlled with regular washing of clothes in hot water and detergent. There is no need for insecticides. During conditions of war or natural disaster, however, «de-lousing» with insecticides like malathion and DDT has been used to curb outbreaks of typhus and other diseases.

Symptoms of body lice & typhus

Body lice bite to get blood and the bite leaves a red, itchy lesion. Body lice infestations have also been associated with a form of the disease typhus called epidemic, or louse-borne typhus, which is caused by the bacterium Rickettsia prowazeki. Disease-causing bacteria can be found in louse droppings which may then be scratched into the skin causing infection. Symptoms of epidemic typhus include severe headache, a high fever, cough, rash, muscle pain, chills, falling blood pressure, stupor, sensitivity to light, and delirium. In addition, chronic body lice infestations, alone, can lead to malaise and feeling «lousy».

Professional-level pest control supplies are generally not available in home and garden stores but can be found at DoMyOwn, our affiliate.

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Mites on Hedgehogs: Symptoms and Treatment

Mites are a type of small red or black arachnid, like spiders and ticks. They bite and trigger inflammation to your hedgehog’s skin along with its spines (quills) and hair. Mites can spread from one hedgehog to another quite easily; luckily, they’re easy to prevent and deal with.

Unlike some other external parasites such as ticks and fleas, mites will not trouble humans.

Symptoms of Mites in Hedgehogs

You may or may not have the ability to see the real mites on your pet hedgehog however you probably will see the damage the mites trigger to your pet. Mites cause inflammation hair and spine loss; while hedgehogs will typically shed some of their spines, areas of light spine loss or loss of hair are irregular and must be indications that your hedgehog might have mites. Other symptoms might consist of:

  • Biting, licking, chewing or scratching itself
  • Weight-loss
  • Low energy
  • Dandruff and very flaky skin.

Your exotics veterinarian will do a skin scrape to obtain a sample of skin and hair and appearance under a microscope for the mites. A skin scrape is not a 100% accurate test, but if there is a big problem of mites, it will generally have the ability to detect their existence.

If your hedgehog is examined routinely by a veterinarian (a minimum of once a year), your medical professional can determine the problem early and prescribe appropriate treatment.

Causes of Mites in Hedgehogs

Mites can be contracted a variety of ways. New hedgehogs, bedding, and food are the typical culprits of a mite infestation. It’s not uncommon for hedgehogs to be plagued with mites if, for instance, it has lived in a pet shop near rodents or birds. If you haven’t exposed your hedgehog to another hedgehog (and have not managed another hedgehog and after that handled your own), the mite problem might originate in his kibble or his bed linen. Natural items like food and substrate often carry little mites that are then are introduced to your hedgehog’s enclosure and cause an invasion.

Hedgehogs can get mites from other infested hedgehogs, which they may contact at the breeders, in pet stores, shelters or previously contaminated bedding, according to VCA Hospitals.

Treating Methods of Mites in Hedgehogs

There are no anti-mite treatments specially produced hedgehogs; however, treatments produced felines are generally safe. Trip exotics vet will most likely utilize a drug such as ivermectin or selamectin, under the trademark name Revolution or Advantage. Prevent using any medication without veterinarian approval, as hedgehogs react severely to some treatments planned for felines and dogs. In specific avoid mite collars, permethrin sprays or permethrin spot-on, as these can be lethal to your animal.

Even if the skin scrape is negative, your vet might still treat for mites based on symptoms since mites are relatively typical in hedgehogs. If these mite treatments do not work and the skin scrape was unfavorable, more testing such as skin biopsies may be required to check for other diseases or allergies.

Aside from treating your hedgehog for mites, you’ll require to treat their environment as well. Clean and clean the whole cage, hide box, water bottle, any blankets or towels, toys, and the wheel in the cage with a mild meal cleaning agent and rinse thoroughly. Toss out any bedding that isn’t washable, along with all the kibble that is currently in the cage. Freeze the staying bed linen and kibble that you have for 24 hours to kill any mites that might be in them and to avoid reinfestation. You’ll also want to keep the affected hedgehog different from other family pets for a week approximately until you’re sure the infestation has been eliminated.

Good to know: hedgehog mites do not like living on humans.

Preventing Mites in Hedgehogs

Fortunately, it’s easy to avoid mites. Always wash your hands after managing any other hedgehog at a show, family pet shop, or buddy’s house. If you bring home a new hedgehog be sure to quarantine them for one week to look for signs of mites or other illnesses before introducing them to your other hedgehogs. Also, make sure you are washing your hands after managing your new hedgehog and before touching your other ones. Freeze all bed linen and packaged food after you acquire it (not the crickets or mealworms though) for 24 hours before putting it in the cage with your hedgehog. These items are the typical suspects for mite infestations in animal hedgehogs when there has been no other hedgehog direct exposure. For an additional layer of protection, consider bathing your family pet monthly in warm water with a few drops of olive oil; this can help keep mites at bay while likewise keeping the hedgehog’s skin from becoming too dry.


Linen (bed) lice — how they look, symptoms of appearance, how much they live and how to treat

28 Jun Treat your pillow for lice don’t throw them away!

You do not have to throw away your pillows after a head lice infestation in your home. Many families are unsure if they can make them safe for reuse so they prefer to just throw them away. Pillows are expensive so let’s save some money by treating them after a lice infestation rather than throwing them away. Head Lice do not live off of your head for more than 24 hours. Lice need a human host to survive so lets start first by identifying which pillows need to be treated. Once you weed those pillows out you then have a couple of options to make them safe for reuse. 1. Strip the pillow from the pillow cases and wash and dry them as usual. A head louse is really small and they do not have super powers. A good spin in the washer and dryer is going to kill them! 2. Strip the pillow from the pillow cases and just put them in the dryer. Sometimes the pillows will not fit easily into our washing machines if that is the case this is your best options! Let them hang out in the dryer on high for no more than 45 minutes. 3. Strip your pillow from the pillow cases. Any pillows that you do not or cannot wash or dry can always go into a bag for 24 hours. No more no less. They will be ready for reuse after that. When we choose to treat our pillows to make them safe for reuse after a lice infestation it is important that you know that lice eggs will only be found on your heads. A lice egg or nit will never just fall off of your head it will always be attached to a piece of hair. They will not hatch without the heat of a human head. Simple Head Lice Solutions is here is here to help. If you have any questions about the lice removal process or how to treat your pillows after head lice please contact us directly or visit our home page for more information.

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Hi there, I have a question about decorative pillows. I am afraid to wash them, and they were expensive so I do not want to throw them away. Currently, I have all the decorative pillows and comforters and blankets in plastic bags tied at the top. I am wondering if I should try to dry clean the comforter and blankets. For the decorative pillows, should I dry them in the dryer on high heat for more than 20 minutes? I am looking for some real information about how long the lice and eggs can survive. Do you think the pillows are already okay to put back on the couches? Thank you so much, Michelle


hi im 24 and live on my own just found out I have head lice and I have a pillow that says spot cleaning on it How do I get rid of the lice on the pillow if I cant out it in the washer. Also i have to pay to wash my laundry so what do i do can i just put all my stuff in bags ?


Yes bagging any items you cannot wash will do the trick. Lice can only live off of your head for 24 hours or so without a blood meal.


If my pillow has two covers over it and I wash those two covers do I still need to do something to my pillows or is it good for use? Same situation for my blanket.

Bed Bug Symptoms

Bites are usually one of the first bed bug symptoms people notice. But bites alone are not enough to diagnose a situation as bed bugs. Not to mention that by the time you notice bite symptoms there may already be more than one generation of bedbugs living under your roof. Here you’ll learn the tell-tale signs of bed bug infestation, see pictures of what they look like find out how to inspect for them.

More photos of the common signs of bed bug infestation can also be found on the bed bug symptoms page in our bed bug picture gallery.

Important Note About Bed Bug Bites:

While they are usually the first thing people notice, bed bug bite symptoms are similar to many other insect bites and allergic reactions.

You simply can’t determine whether or not bed bugs are to blame without inspecting and detecting other symptoms and signs of bed bug infestation.

Luckily, bed bugs leave behind 8 other signs of their presence.

4 Common Signs Bed Bugs Leave Behind

Bed Bug Symptom #1: Feces and Fecal Stains

When bed bugs take a blood meal, they defecate (poo) almost immediately. That just adds insult to injury if you ask me! The stains left behind are often one of the first physical signs of bed bugs you will see.

Bed bug feces («poop») leave dark stains that look like a felt tip marker stain. The stain will often “bleed” into the fabric and look as if you went to bed with an open sharpie pen.

When you inspect for bed bugs, you may find stains like these on your pillow case or sheets or on the mattress itself.

Fecal stains or actual droppings can also be found around the harborages where bed bugs are hiding when they are not busy feeding.

Bed Bug Symptom #2: Blood Smears and Stains

Blood spots may also appear on the sheets or mattress. These stains are the result of engorged (blood-filled) bed bugs being crushed. This usually happens if you roll over while they are feeding and they become trapped between you and the bed.

You will usually find these kinds of stains on your sheets or pillowcases themselves. Occasionally you might also find stains like this on your pajamas as well.

The more of a restless sleeper you are, the more likely you are to find this symptom of bed bugs in your bed.

Note: Much like bites, blood stains alone are not enough to know whether you have bed bugs. They are just one piece of the puzzle.

Bed Bug Symptom #3: Shed/Cast Bed Bug Skins

As baby bed bugs (nymphs) move toward adulthood, they shed their skin a total of 5 times before reaching maturity – once at each new developmental stage. Cast skins look like lighter colored empty bed bug shells or casings – which is basically what they are. This picture of bed bug cast skins includes shed skins from multiple stages of the bed bug life cycle. The penny gives you a good sense of their actual size.

See also:  22 Home Remedies for Ticks - Home Remedies

You are more likely to find these around harborages (bed bug hideouts) than out in the open like fecal and blood stains.

Bed Bug Symptom #4: Eggshells

Empty egg shells are certainly symptoms of a growing multi-generational bed bug population. They are very small – about 1 mm in length — but visible to the naked eye — a magnifying glass helps.

They look like dried out casings of live bed bug eggs (see close-up of bed bug eggs below) but are less shiny and may be somewhat flattened.

They will be found in the places where bed bugs hide, especially on rough surfaces like fabric or wood.

See their actual size in this video on the bedbug life cycle page.

While none of the above symptoms of bed bugs are proof of a currently active infestation, bed bugs don’t go away on their own. So treat them as definite clues to their presence — but don’t stop there. You need proof of LIVE bed bugs to confirm your infestation.

Never start any (DIY or professional) bed bug treatment without proof of LIVE bed bugs. You can read more about this in 8 things you should expect from your bed bug exterminator.

4 Signs of Active Bed Bug Infestation

Bed Bug Symptom #5: Bed Bug Eggs

Bed bug eggs are shiny translucent to pearly white in color and are found both in bed bug harborages and locations away from the main population (female bed bugs tend to lay some eggs “away from the crowd”). They have a sticky film when they are first laid to help them adhere to surfaces and this can give them a kind of shiny appearance. Bed bug eggs are approximately 1 mm long.

They are more often found on wood and fabric than on plastic or metal.

Bed Bug Symptom #6: Nymphs

Baby bed bugs, called nymphs, are smaller and lighter colored than adults. They can be almost clear until they are fed at which point they turn blood red.

Depending on the developmental stage, they range from the size of a pin-head or poppy seed size at birth to about ¼” as they reach maturity.

Nymphs are sometimes the first live bugs that will be found because they tend to feed more frequently than adults – as often as once a day. Learn more about baby bed bugs on the on the bed bug life cycle page.

Bed Bug Symptom #7: Adult Bed Bugs

Fully matured bed bugs are a rusty-brown color and very flat – until they’ve filled their bellies with blood. They are approximately ¼” in length – about the size and shape of a small apple seed.

As the feed they swell up (become engorged) and become more elongated and turn a dark purplish-red color.

In the early stages of an infestation, you are most likely to find them in around the seams, piping and tufts of your mattress and box spring or in cracks and crevices on the headboard and bed frame. See more pictures of bed bugs in furniture.

As time passes and the infestation grows, they tend to spread out from the immediate feeding area. Because they are so flat, they can hide in the most surprising places. Read about where bed bugs hide here.

More in depth information about what bed bugs look like in all stages of their life cycle can be found on the bed bug life cycle page.

Bed Bug Symptom #8: Distinctive Odor

Bed bugs have a sweet musty smell, which some people have said smells like coriander, almonds or nearly over-ripe raspberries. I think its kind of a pungent, sickeningly-sweet smell and would lean more toward the almost rotting raspberry description. The smell is more obvious in heavier infestations or where the bugs have become agitated. Smelling them is not a reliable way to confirm a bed bug infestation, but their distinctive scent does allow bed bug sniffing dogs to pinpoint their hiding places effectively when visual evidence is not easily found.

If You Think You Might Have Bed Bugs.

It’s time to get down to business and do your own inspection. It will take a little time and effort, but it’s not as hard as you might think.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Bed bugs are very skilled at hiding. So failure to find signs of an active bed bug infestation is NOT proof that they aren’t there.

If you come up empty after following the bed bug inspection tutorial, consider using alternate methods of detecting bed bugs. I also really recommend calling in a qualified exterminator to do a professional inspection.

Knowing the symptoms of bed bug infestation is the key to diagnosing a suspected problem. Even if you’re just looking to prevent bed bugs from coming home with you when you travel, being able to identify the signs of a bed bug infestation is a skill you can’t afford to go without.

If you found something, but it’s not a bed bug, you can get help here.

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