How to Kill Pantry Moths With Home Remedies, Hunker

How to Kill Pantry Moths With Home Remedies

Pantry moths, also known as Indian meal moths, are brownish-red in color with a wingspan just under one inch. They are typically brought into homes via contaminated food and once they’re in, everything in your pantry is fair game. Pantry moths munch on grains, flours, fruits, pet food, and birdseed. If your pantry is plagued with moths, you must take action immediately. One female pantry moth can lay up to 400 eggs, making your food even more susceptible once those eggs hatch. Fortunately, there are home remedies are just as effective at controlling pantry moths as chemical insecticides and are safer to use around food.

Step 1: Throw Away Infested Food

Empty your pantry shelves completely, throwing away any infested or potentially infested food as you go. Dispose of any food that is stored in a box or bag, like cereal and flour, in case eggs or larvae are hiding there. Larvae have even been found in the grooves of jar lids. When in doubt, throw it out—and do so into a sealed plastic trash bag.

Remember to remove and dispose of any shelf paper or liners, as well.

If your pantry shelves are adjustable, use a small brush or toothpick to clean out the holes where the shelves attach to the wall. No crack or crevice is too small to hold pantry moth eggs.

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How to get rid of the food in the house or the flour moth ways, means

The kitchen food moths dangerous threat different foods. It pretty quickly multiplies, spoils the flour, all kinds of cereals, may even eat bread, nuts and dried fruits. After infection, the products are eaten unfit for foodWhile their total damage comes very quickly. Get rid of moles is difficult. This can be done only when the right approach.

  1. General information about the pest
  2. Disposal moth in furniture and cabinets
  3. Protection products and items
  4. Section of flying insects
  5. Folk remedies
  6. Preventive actions

General information about the pest

Sign that was got a lot of moles on the kitchen: it is small brown butterfly on the walls and the ceiling, cocoons in the cereals and flour, and even crawling on the walls in the kitchen headset pink caterpillar. All these signs clearly indicate that the house was got mole.

You need to have an idea of ​​the modern to quickly and effectively get rid of this pest high quality tools against moths, and about the features of the biology of the insect. We should understand that sometimes run around the apartment with slippers and kill butterflies — a rather ineffective way to fight, he only creates the appearance of getting rid of the pest. The main part of his dolls continues to develop in infected products.

Note: mole is called generalized class of small butterflies Lepidoptera. They can be divided into pests spoiling property and products in the home, and agricultural insect. In its turn, home mol It is divided into a group of species that infect foods and types of spoiling clothes. Naturally, all of these insects can be found in the natural environment, but here they eat other foods.

Food moths in its development goes through a series of different stages, and to get rid of moths in the kitchen, you need to destroy the eggs and larvae and butterflies. We must not forget that there is no seasonality in the distribution and reproduction of moths: this butterfly can develop at any time of year, because you need to get rid of the moth food as quickly as possible after its detection.

To start getting rid of insect larvae to begin with. It is the larvae begin to spoil the products sticking together in small grains lumps distinctive look and leaving the winding tunnels under the surface of fruits and vegetables.

Food moles, taking into account the products that it is divided into grain — affects seeds of corn, rice and wheat; fruit (an apple) — spoils apricots, pears, apples; potato — dwells in tobacco, potato tubers, etc. each of described species of moth It can be seen in an ordinary apartment.

Destroy the larvae of moths is quite simple. To get rid of this insect, first of all, you need to sort out all the kitchen supplies products to clean the closet, checking the state of unsold inventory.

Glued grains of cereals that covered with gray tingeSmall grayish pellets at the bottom of the cans and packets — is proof of the defeat of the product these insects. The cereals can get rid of moles, heat them in a pan or in the oven, or freeze for a few days in the freezer. In order to get rid of flour moths necessary to place the affected product in the cold below 10 C for several days, or heat of more than 60 C for several hours. But when infected more than 25% of the product, it is best to throw it completely.

The apartment is to get rid of the butterflies is best mechanical method. You can either kill flying insects, or hang a special sticky traps or adhesive tape on the areas of their distribution. Use insecticides in these cases is irrational, but at the same time when the persecution of house ants or cockroaches, they show an excellent effect in the fight against flying insects.

Thus, possible products to get rid of a small amount of moth, Audited food supplies, at high temperature calcined infected cereals, or freezing.

Disposal moth in furniture and cabinets

Be aware that the full disposal of these insects in the kitchen It will not work without disinfection and disinfection of the entire area of ​​pest habitat. Butterfly eggs are placed in the smallest crevices of furniture, and without getting rid of them get clean dishes from insects will be very difficult.

Get rid of the food moth may be using a large assortment of specialty chemical means. In general, they can be divided into liquidation — insecticides that kill existing insects and contain toxic substances and repellents — frightening off new pests and plant-by basis. The most popular form of the manufacture of drugs, insecticide sprays are considered.

There are a large number of different sprays that are applied, to get rid of insects in the kitchen. Among the most common — Armol, Raptor from moths, spray Combat and moth.

  • Spray against moths Armol has a prolonged effect against larvae and immediate effect for butterflies. It is used for the protection and cleaning of carpets and furniture insects. Valid for six months.
  • «Protection against moths» Raptor used against moths and larvae. Is applied to the furniture, and wooden including carpets, clothes, effective before the first wash or for one year.
  • Aerosol Combat «Super Spray» has a universal effect against many of crawling and flying insects. Is applied to the areas of insects, at the junction of the furniture in the rooms corners, is not harmful to pets.
  • Raid moth applied to any type of tissue, fur and clothing, efficiency saves before the first wash or for one year.

During the application of insecticides in the fight against food moths important to avoid getting these funds food!

See also:  10 Fascinating Facts About Aphids

Protection products and items

The mechanism of all repellents is that they repel parasites and do not allow them to lay eggs. Typically, such means have the form of briquettes, plates, tablets, certain of which may contain in its composition camphor and naphthalene.

You must not forget that the naphthalene has pronounced carcinogenic properties, so it can not be used in homes as well when selecting a repellent, it is imperative to know its composition. Because of this, their use in the kitchen, in general, limited and undesirable to use them next to food.

To get rid of the food moths, you can use fir or lavender oil. Cotton pads, which are impregnated with these oils must be expanded in the areas of occurrence of the insect. And in order to get rid of the flour moth in the room need to expand the number of tablets under furniture or on top of cabinets. The most popular repellents are:

  • cassette «Fitotsid», «Arsenal», «Gela», «Zitol»;
  • «Moleben» of the plate;
  • tablets «Dezmol» and «moth».

Section of flying insects

Sections are effective and efficient means of preventive control flying insects. They can be made with the scent of chamomile, mandarin or lavender, or may not have a flavor.

By and large, the section used in wardrobes for the protection of things, but they can help in the kitchen and get rid of the food moths. As fumigant agent section isolated active substances, which inhibit multiplication moths and, in addition, repel adult.

Among the most popular brands of sections of the moles are the following:

  • Section Globol protect the room from both caterpillars and butterflies on and have the original design. Their composition is a natural lavender oil. One section is enough for half a year.
  • Section Mosquitall provide comprehensive protection against flying insects. Against eggs and larvae of the pest does not work effectively, it is best to use them as a means of prevention. It is effective for six months.
  • Section Raptor used to protect fur and woolen products. Help in the kitchen to get rid of both the adults and larvae of. Section must be replaced every four months.

Folk remedies

In addition to chemical control agents moth, also have some efficacy and popular methods. These include pepper, tobacco leaves, tarragon, fresh nettles and geranium, orange peel, mint, soap, dried and fresh flowers, lavender and others.

Insect repellent small amount of natural resources generally decomposed into a depth in the kitchen cabinets. The smell that comes from these repellents, scare adults and will not give her the opportunity to postpone eggs. But here on the larvae of the popular ways almost no effect — about that we must not forget.

To get rid of the flour moth, traditional methods recommended to sift the flour, then dry it in the oven, then store with several cloves of garlic. As well as in the fight against this pest can be used salt.

Traditional ways of disposal of fruit moth — rinse product in salt solution. Experience has shown that this method works only when the degree of infestation of the product.

Preventive actions

Much more effective to avoid the very appearance of moths in the house or in the kitchen, rather than later to deal with the results of life of this insect.

To begin, it refers to stocks of food. It is not necessary to store large quantities in the kitchen pasta, flour and cereals — you need to purchase products is not more than a week. And better to give preference to well-established and well-known trading brands. Bulk goods should be stored in containers that are tightly closed.

Not recommended if possible leave in the open air fruit and vegetables. Upon detection of a fruit moth from it can be removed by placing the fruit in the refrigerator. At the time of suspicion of potato moth potato and need to sort out how to get rid as soon as possible from the infected. And, of course, the best prevention — careful examination of any products purchased.

Mol equally well can live in a fashionable apartment and country house, because the ordinary maintenance of cleanliness does not guarantee that it will not declare insect to visit you. However, proper implementation of preventive measures and the use of special means to protect your home more likely.

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10 best folk recipes against food moth in cereals and other products

A gray-brown butterfly (food moth) can be found in every hostess. The reason may be purchased bags of cereals, flour and other dry bulk products contaminated with moth larvae. The moths attract long-stored cereals, and, going towards their goal, neither closed packs nor cellophane bags stop it.

How to get rid of moths in products?

First you need to get rid of the croup, which had already visited the mole.

After a thorough audit, it is possible to test the food moth with proven folk remedies:

  • The smell of lavender and citrus mole does not tolerate. Decomposed orange and lemon peels in the corners of the cabinets, as well as lavender oil applied to cotton swabs or a small bouquet of these flowers wrapped in gauze, will help get rid of the food moth.

  • Vinegar cabinet handling is also effective. First you need to thoroughly wash all hard-to-reach places, slots with soap and water, ventilate the room, and then wipe the entire surface of the cabinet where the bulk materials are stored with vinegar.

  • Garlic will come to the rescue of moths. If you put garlic cloves in containers where cereals are stored, then its smell will scare away uninvited guests. Garlic does not affect the smell of cereals and their taste.

  • Bay leaf also does not like the food moth. It is necessary to expand the bay leaves around the perimeter of the shelves with cereals, as well as in jars, where products attracting the mole are stored.

  • Moths scare away the smells of cloves, geraniums, wild rosemary, tansy, fir, rosemary, basil. It is necessary to apply aroma oils with these smells on cotton pads and spread them out in places where the mole can start.

  • The smell of wormwood mole does not like. Small bushes of wormwood, laid out in the places of storage of products adored by moths, will scare her away.

  • Walnut leaves with a peculiar smellwell help in the fight against moths. It is enough to spread out several fresh walnut leaves in the corners of the cabinet so that the moth will forget for a long time the way to the products stored there.

  • A proven remedy is natural camphor and camphor essential oil.. Camphor smell will not allow moth to settle in the lockers with products.

  • Unpleasant moth tobacco smell. Tobacco laid out on shelves is a good food moth remedy.

  • Strong odors scare away the mole. You can, after careful cleaning and elimination of contaminated products, sprinkle perfume in the locker. Thus, an unpleasant smell for moth will not spoil the products.

en.happywellmag.com

How to treat a cold or flu at home

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Viruses are responsible for colds and flu, so antibiotics are not able to cure or prevent these illnesses. Plenty of rest, fluids, and home remedies can help relieve symptoms.

Colds and the flu are common illnesses that can cause many uncomfortable symptoms, such as:

The following home remedies may help prevent illness, reduce symptoms, and shorten the duration of a cold or the flu:

Share on Pinterest A zinc supplement may help treat a cold.

Studies suggest that zinc supplementation may help shorten the length of a cold and lessen symptoms.

See also:  Top 10 Home Remedies to Get Rid of Fleas (3rd and 4th are Amazing)

Experts believe that this is because zinc prevents rhinovirus, the virus that causes the common cold, from replicating in the body.

People can take zinc as a tablet, lozenge, or syrup, but should always follow the dosage advice on the packaging. Too much zinc can cause nausea and stomach aches.

Zinc is available online and in pharmacies as a supplement or nasal spray. Using a zinc nasal spray can cause people to lose their sense of smell temporarily.

Honey has antimicrobial properties, which may allow it to fight some bacteria and viruses.

One study found that honey was effective in relieving coughing as a symptom of a cold in children over the age of 1 year. Children younger than 1 year should not have honey due to the risk of infant botulism.

People can try stirring some honey into hot water to soothe a sore throat or cough. Adding lemon provides extra flavor and vitamin C.

People can find honey in grocery stores, local markets, and online.

Some people use herbal extracts from the Echinacea plant to help prevent colds and relieve nasal symptoms.

Research has shown that components of Echinacea may support the immune system. Some have antiviral properties and may fight against flu viruses.

Research on the effectiveness of Echinacea in treating a cold has produced mixed results to date, with some studies showing no benefit.

Other studies have found that certain Echinacea products may reduce a person’s likelihood of getting a cold by 10–20 percent.

People can purchase Echinacea as a supplement or herbal tea.

Garlic may help fight off a common cold because it has antibacterial and antiviral properties.

One study found that people who took a daily garlic supplement for 3 months had fewer colds than those in a placebo group.

Garlic has long been a home remedy for colds and the flu. People can eat raw garlic, incorporate cooked garlic into meals, or take a supplement. Unless a person has a garlic allergy, it is usually safe to use.

Fresh garlic is readily available in supermarkets. People who do not like the taste can purchase garlic supplements online.

Blocked sinuses and congested airways are common symptoms of a cold, which menthol can help relieve. Menthol comes from many types of mint plant. It has antibacterial and pain-relieving effects and is an ingredient in many vapor rubs.

People can also add menthol to hot water for a steam inhalation. Although a 2013 study found that menthol inhalation helped reduce coughing due to environmental irritants, there is limited research on its effectiveness in clearing congested airways.

Other research found that vapor rub containing menthol, eucalyptus, and camphor significantly improved sleep in children and adults with cold symptoms. However, the researchers found that the risks could outweigh the benefits, as menthol can sting and irritate the skin.

Vitamin D-3 may be a useful supplement to prevent or reduce the chances of getting a cold.

Research has found a link between vitamin D supplementation and a reduced frequency of colds in university students.

People living in colder climates may also find that a supplement boosts their vitamin D levels during the winter months, when their skin may not get much exposure to sunlight.

Oregano contains thymol and carvacrol, which both have antibacterial effects. People traditionally use essential oils containing thymol to relieve headaches, diarrhea, and coughs.

People may find that taking oregano oil or rubbing it on the chest helps relieve cold symptoms.

Stress or poor sleep may increase the risk of getting a cold or the flu.

One study suggests that lowering stress levels through mindfulness meditation practices or exercise reduces the risk of getting one of these illnesses.

People who participated in a mindfulness meditation or exercise program lost fewer work days due to illness than people in the control group.

A small study in 2015 also found that people who slept for fewer hours were more susceptible to colds.

Probiotics are live bacteria that support gut health and may help prevent people from getting colds or the flu.

Research has shown that probiotics can help protect the immune system against flu viruses. In a controlled trial, there were fewer instances of colds in people who were taking probiotics than in those who were not.

People can purchase probiotic supplements in health food stores or online. Probiotics are also present in many foods, including:

Ginseng may help reduce symptoms of cold or flu, although studies have provided mixed results on its effectiveness.

Research on an herbal product containing North American ginseng found that it reduced the risk and duration of cold and flu symptoms in older adults.

People can consume raw ginseng or take it in the form of a capsule or herbal tea.

Berries contain polyphenols, which have antiviral properties and may help fight flu viruses.

Research has shown that elderberries can reduce symptoms of the flu and that a cranberry beverage could help support immune function. In some in vitro studies, berry extracts demonstrated the potential to help fight off influenza.

Strawberries, blueberries, blackberries, and raspberries are also good sources of vitamin C, which can help support the immune system.

Vitamin C is vital for keeping the immune system healthy. Many people believe that it may help reduce the frequency of colds.

Although there is no scientific evidence to show that taking vitamin C prevents colds or reduces symptoms during a cold, researchers have suggested that a regular intake of vitamin C could benefit some people in these ways. They stated that while more research is necessary, the general safety and low cost of vitamin C mean that it is a low-risk method for people to test individually.

Citrus fruits and avocados contain high levels of vitamin C. People can also buy vitamin C supplements in pharmacies and online.

A cold or flu virus can last for up to 2 weeks, with symptoms usually at their worst for about 2 or 3 days.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), people should see a doctor if their cold or flu symptoms last longer than 10 days with no signs of improvement.

If people have any unusual symptoms or their symptoms are very severe, they should contact their doctor.

People who may have a higher risk of complications from the flu should contact their doctor when they initially have flu symptoms, as they may need antiviral treatment.

These people include young children and those who are:

  • pregnant
  • aged 65 years or older
  • at risk due to other medical conditions

If an infant less than 3 months of age has a fever, a parent or caregiver should contact a doctor straight away.

People may find that the above home remedies help relieve symptoms of a cold and make it pass more quickly.

Other ways to treat symptoms and recover from a cold or the flu include:

  • resting
  • getting plenty of sleep
  • staying warm
  • drinking plenty of water and other clear fluids
  • taking over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen, to lessen aches or pain
  • using a humidifier

People who notice that their symptoms are not improving after 10 days or have any unusual or severe symptoms should see their doctor.

www.medicalnewstoday.com

Your A to Z Guide to the Best Home Remedies

Soothe aches, bruises, stings and more with these DIY cures.

Soothe aches, bruises, stings and more with these DIY cures.

GOOD FOR: Constipation

Avocados contain magnesium, a mineral that acts as a laxative by drawing water into the intestinal tract to keep things moving. For a stomach-soothing smoothie, blend ½ avocado, ½ cup raspberries, ½ cup unsweetened almond milk and a handful of ice.

GOOD FOR: Urinary tract infections

Just like cranberries, blueberries contain substances that prevent bacteria from sticking in your bladder. To ward off UTIs, combine 1 part unsweetened blueberry juice with 2 parts water and sip daily.

GOOD FOR: Insect bites and stings

A carrot compress can help reduce inflammation and dry out insect bites and stings to take out the itch. Finely grate a carrot and wrap the pulp in a thin paper towel or cheesecloth. Place on swelling for 20 minutes, store in the refrigerator and repeat four times in 24 hours.

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GOOD FOR: Hot flashes

When you’re in the throes of a hot flash, deep breathing can help stop it in its tracks by calming your nervous system quickly. Just take a deep breath in for a count of four, feeling your belly rise, then breathe out slowly and fully for a count of four. Repeat this sequence four more times in succession.

GOOD FOR: Dry, cracked skin

Smooth your elbows and heels with this inexpensive at-home treatment: Mix ½ cup Epsom salt with ½ cup water to make a paste. Exfoliate by gently massaging into rough areas, then rinsing with water.

GOOD FOR: Swelling

Knee throbbing? Try arnica ointment (found at drugstores) to ease the ache. Spread a thin amount onto the problem area two to three times a day.

GOOD FOR: Colds

Viruses that cause the sniffles often start in the back of your mouth and throat. Stop them from spreading with a cleansing gargle. At the first sign of symptoms, combine 1 tsp salt with 2 cups strong green tea. Stir and refrigerate. Gargle twice daily, using ½ cup at a time.

GOOD FOR: Pimples

Wake up with a blemish? Dab a bit of honey on it in the morning. (You can leave it on all day, even under your makeup.) Honey works as an antiseptic to stop the growth of bacteria that can cause breakouts.

GOOD FOR: Bruises

Bumps can leave an ugly mark, but applying ice to the area several times a day helps decrease the pain and discoloration. For a DIY ice pack, mix 1 part rubbing alcohol with 3 parts water in a resealable bag and freeze. (The solution will remain slushy, so you can mold the bag around the bruise.)

GOOD FOR: Poison ivy

Take a cue from campers: The next time you get a rash, ease the irritation with a cup of cooled black coffee or coffee grounds. The beverage contains acids that act as anti-inflammatories, which can help soothe the itch.

GOOD FOR: Relieving anxiety

If you’re feeling stressed, put pressure on the point located between your thumb and index finger. (Use the opposite thumb and forefinger to squeeze and release the muscle for 30 seconds.)

GOOD FOR: Cold sores

Licorice root can kill the viruses that cause herpes simplex around your mouth. Steep a licorice tea bag in warm water for 30 to 60 seconds, then apply for 3 to 5 minutes. Repeat daily until sores subside.

GOOD FOR: Leg cramps

A charley horse can disrupt sleep, so snack on 1 oz lowfat cheese and a few walnuts an hour before bed. Cheese has magnesium and calcium, which relax your muscles and nervous system, while the walnuts contain melatonin, a sleep-promoting brain chemical. Eat dairy to calm your body before you hit the sheets.

GOOD FOR: Insomnia

This spice is actually a mild sedative, so sprinkle ¼ tsp into warm milk and sip before you go to sleep.

GOOD FOR: Nausea

Olives contain tannins, which are chemicals that help slow down the excessive production of saliva (one of the first symptoms of motion sickness). Eat a few green or black olives as soon as you start to feel woozy.

GOOD FOR: A mood booster

Try a «contrast shower.» Switching from hot to cold water is stimulating, and experts say it can help relieve gloominess by increasing circulation. Shower in warm water for 3 minutes, then quickly switch to chilly for 30 seconds. Repeat that cycle three times, ending on cold.

GOOD FOR: A brain jolt

When you’re feeling mentally tired, go for a brisk 5-minute walk. Moving your muscles immediately increases the activity in your brain so you feel more awake and alert.

GOOD FOR: Bad breath

To battle halitosis and whiten teeth, combine a cup of water with 1 tsp baking soda, swish around in your mouth, then spit out. The baking soda helps to fight smelly bacteria and combats dry mouth.

GOOD FOR: Headaches

Tension headaches are often caused by sitting hunched over a computer screen. (The position tightens muscles in the front of your neck and chest.) Do this simple move to undo the damage: Stand up and put your hands on hips. Roll head back so you’re staring at the ceiling as you arch your back slightly. Hold for 15 seconds, return to start, then repeat.

GOOD FOR: Pain relief

Whip up a drink that’s packed with potent ingredients to ease inflammation and boost blood flow to speed healing. Combine ½ oz bottled lemon juice with ½ oz ginger juice (sold in health food stores or online at amazon.com) with 1 oz pineapple juice and a pinch each of cayenne pepper and turmeric. Drink whenever you have sore muscles.

GOOD FOR: Saggy skin

Look more refreshed by making a powerful pad. Brew a pot of strong white tea, stir in 2 Tbsp honey and let cool to room temperature. Add thin slices of cucumber and store in the fridge overnight. In the A.M., place one slice over each eye for 2 minutes. (The extract in the cucumber tightens, the honey heals and the tea’s caffeine depuffs.)

GOOD FOR: Toenail fungus

Icky-looking nails are common in the summer because yeast thrives in warm environments. So, twice a day, soak feet in a mixture of half white vinegar, half water. The vinegar kills fungus and gets rid of stains under the nail.

GOOD FOR: Hemorrhoids

Applying an astringent or cream that contains this flowering plant may give you relief (you can buy it at the drugstore; just look for witch hazel on the front label or ingredients list). Pat or rub onto affected area once a day.

GOOD FOR: Fatigue

When you’re feeling tired, you can increase oxygen flow and feel energized with this trick. Lie on the floor and place one blanket (folded like a pillow) under your head and another (rolled) under your upper back. Hold that position for 2 minutes as you take deep breaths.

GOOD FOR: Libido

Research shows that yoga can help improve your sexual functioning, so try this pose to improve your flexibility and tone your pelvic muscles: Start on your hands with back parallel to the floor. Exhale as you round your back and release your head down. Inhale and return to start, then repeat four more times.

GOOD FOR: Healthy hair growth

A lack of this nutrient can lead to hair loss and a dry scalp, so eat at least one of these zinc-packed foods every day (and up your intake if your mane looks dull): lentils, cashews, pumpkin seeds, pecans, lowfat yogurt.

SOURCES: Kara Burkhart, ND, LAc, naturopathic physician and acupuncturist, Salud Integrative Medicine, Farmington, CT. Doris Day, MD, dermatologist, New York City. Danine Fruge, MD, director of women’s health and family medicine, Pritikin Longevity Center + Spa, Miami. Carl Hangee-Bauer, ND, LAc, clinic director, San Francisco Natural Medicine and past president, American Association of Naturopathic Physicians. Tracy Hritz, RD, holistic nutritionist, West Palm Beach, FL. Leslee Kagan, nurse practitioner, director of women’s health, Benson-Henry Institute for Mind Body Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital. Ed Levine, MD, attending physician in gastroenterology and internal medicine, St. Vincent’s Medical Center, Bridgeport, CT. Frank Lipman, MD, founder and director, Eleven-Eleven Wellness Center, New York City. Carrie Runde, ND, naturopathic doctor, Casey Health Institute, Gaithersburg, MD. Ruchi Sahota, DDS, Fremont, CA, consumer advisor, American Dental Association. Carmella Sebastian, MD, author, Sex and Spaghetti Sauce.

www.womansday.com

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