How to Get Rid of Pubic Lice? Natural Medications for Pubic Lice Treatment

How to Get Rid of Pubic Lice? Natural Medications for Pubic Lice Treatment

How to Get Rid of Pubic Lice?

Pubic Lice

Pubic lice — sometimes referred to as crabs — are small parasites. These small parasites attach to the hair and skin near our genitals. Even though they are not dangerous at all, they are certainly not something that you want to have and not something that you want to have to explain to potential partners. Just the thought of little parasites running around a rather private area is enough to make potential partners run away and make you feel uncomfortable in your own skin. Once you have them, you probably want to know how to get rid of pubic lice.

We are going to tell you about the different symptoms of pubic lice, the potential symptoms of pubic lice, and how to prevent pubic lice in the future. Even though millions of people have issues with pubic lice each year, we fully understand that this is something that you want to avoid.

Symptoms of Pubic Lice

Before we are able to tell you how to get rid of pubic lice, it is a good idea to understand what some of the symptoms of pubic lice are. What do you have to be aware of? The first thing to note is that not everyone is going to have symptoms — you may not notice the eggs or the lice at first. This means that there is no foolproof method of being sure that your partner (or you) has pubic lice.

Weeks can pass before you notice first signs or symptoms of pubic lice. Both men and women have some of the same symptoms. A few of the different things that you may notice include the following:

  • One of the first signs can be rather intense scratching, this can become rather serious over time if you do not treat the issue.
  • Brown eggs on body hair, including pubic hair
  • Black powdery droppings from the lice
  • Inflammation and irritation in the affected area. Scratching may be the cause of this.

Causes of Pubic Lice

Because they like living in pubic hair, the transmission of pubic lice is generally through sex. When genitals are close to one another or touch, pubic lice can easily move between one person and the next. Even though sex is the most common way that you can transmit this little creature, other causes of pubic lice can be close personal contact. It may also be possible to transmit pubic lice through your bed, towels, or clothes.

National Institutes of Health:

Because lice are unable to exist for long without the human body, it is doubtful that you get them from swift contacts such as hugs or handshakes. Because they cannot exist outside of humans and cannot hang onto smooth surfaces, chances are that you will get not these from a toilet seat for example. Because of their specific preferences, chances are good that you are not going to see pubic lice in many other areas of the body.

Diagnosing Pubic Lice

Because they are transmitted through close bodily contact or through sex, this is the most common factor in a diagnosis. There are no laboratory tests available that can help you test for these lice. If you want to be truly sure that you have pubic lice and want to avoid pubic lice complications, it is a good idea to speak to your doctor about it. He or she can help determine whether you do in fact have issues with pubic lice.

Oftentimes this means that a magnifying glass is used to look for yellowish grey, dusky grey, or tan adult lice. Because they can blend in with the skin when exposed to light, these are hard to detect with the naked eye. It might also be possible to use a lice comb for better visualization. After going through the hair, your health practitioner will then go through the comb in order to find any possible lice.

Pubic Lice Complications

When talking about pubic lice complications, one of the first things that we have to consider is that having pubic lice does not necessarily mean that a person is dirty or unhygienic. It also does not necessarily mean that a person would have unprotected sex, because a condom does not prevent pubic lice transference.

Because you are going to be scratching quite a bit with pubic lice, the actual scratching can lead to irritation later. This can lead to the skin flaking off (excoriation) or in worse case may even lead to infection such as furunculosis (boils on the skin) or impetigo (a contagious bacterial skin infection).

According to American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association:

It is important to note that even though they are a nuisance and socially and aesthetically undesirable, they are not going to cause you any serious issues or long-term damage on their own. However, in order to avoid further complications, it is important to know how to get rid of pubic lice.

How to Get Rid of Pubic Lice?

If you want to know how to get rid of pubic lice, you first have to understand that lice on their own are not going to go away without treatment. This means that this is not a problem that you can simply ignore and hope for the best — you are going to have to take steps to look for the best medications for pubic lice treatment and take additional steps to treat both the symptoms of pubic lice and causes of pubic lice.

You can opt for a special cream, lotion or shampoo if you want to treat pubic lice. One excellent option that many people do not know about is natural medications for pubic lice treatment. The treatment will need to be continued anywhere between three and seven days. Even though shaving off pubic hair is possible, it is not necessary.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:

If you have a partner that you are sexually active with, it is important that both parties receive treatment at the same time. Otherwise you are not going to be able to prevent pubic lice because you will both expose one another. Ultimately you need to address all different factors, which means decontaminating yourself, your clothes, and your bedding.

Prescription Medications for Pubic Lice

There is a prescription medication shampoo available for those who have symptoms of pubic lice. Even though you could qualify it as one of the best medications for pubic lice treatment when it comes to effectiveness, it is known to be toxic. In fact, both seizures and deaths have been linked to the use of this shampoo. This makes it a rather effective treatment method with a number of serious consequences. When you read that, it should come as no surprise that a great number of people are looking for natural medications for pubic lice treatment instead that comes without the damaging consequences.

Natural Medications for Pubic Lice Treatment

If you want to find a treatment option that is still going to show you how to get rid of pubic lice but does not come with the same damaging side effects, we highly recommend natural options as some of the best medications for pubic lice treatment. These treatment options are 100 percent safe and are specially formulated to naturally remove lice and nits while providing relief from the stress associated with an infestation. You have a targeted treatment option that is going after the causes of pubic lice without actually damaging your skin or any other part of your body.

Best Medications for Pubic Lice Treatment

#1 — Genitrex , 96 points out of 100. Genitrex is a powerful homeopathic lice shampoo that is laboratory tested and includes both nerve-soothing aromatherapy oils and homeopathic remedies. This not only actively deals with the lice, but also treats potential stressors that come with having to deal with lice.

Money Back Guarantee: 60 Days. If you have not seen the results you were expecting or are not satisfied in any way, send then back your empty or partially used containers for a full refund.

Genitrex Ingredients: Agaricus muscarius, Anacardium orientale, Apis mellifica, Bovista, Causticum, Graphites, Muriaticum acidum, Oleander, Pix liquida, Quassia amara, Rhus toxicodendron, Staphysagria, Sulphur.

Why #1? The Genitrex is much safer than most chemical pesticide-based shampoos on the market. It’s is one of the best natural medications for pubic lice treatment that actively targets the causes of pubic lice.

#2 — NaughtyNits HairOil, 76 points. NaughtyNits is a combination of an aromatherapeutic and herbal ingredients that are not only able to treat the issues with pubic lice, but are also going to complete the job without needing any toxic or dangerous chemicals. It is successful in prevention of lice and is a natural, safe, and all-around excellent method for treating pubic lice.

NaughtyNits HairOil Guarantee: Returns will only be accepted within 30 days of receipt by the customer. Unopened products returned in original, sealed packaging will receive a 100% credit. Opened products (or any damaged products or products with damaged seals) will receive a 50% credit.

NaughtyNits HairOil Ingredients: Lavender, Neem, Pelargonium reniforme, Rosemary, Tea tree oil.

Why not #1? NaughtyNits is designed to prevent re-infestation and will help to remove nits. This product is not intended to completely treat pubic lice. Moreover, money back guarantee is valid only for unopened bottles.

How to Prevent Pubic Lice?

Once you have managed to deal with pubic lice, what are you able to do to avoid issues later on — you want to learn how to prevent pubic lice. The first thing that you need to do is avoid sharing clothes, bedding, or towels with anyone who has pubic lice. Even though it is not always guaranteed, pubic lice can transfer from these items. When washing these clothes, use hot water and the high heat drying cycle.

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If you or your partner has pubic lice, it is important to refrain from all sexual contact until the treatment is complete and deemed successful. It is important that both partners start treatment at the same time, otherwise problems with cross-contamination are very likely.

Even though the initial embarrassment can be frustrating, pubic lice does not necessarily mean that you have to run into issues later on. With the right natural treatments for pubic lice it is always possible to resolve the issue and carry on without issue.

Coping With Head Lice

Katherine Lee is a parenting writer and a former editor at Parenting and Working Mother magazines.

Lyndsey Garbi, MD, is a pediatrician who is double board-certified in pediatrics and neonatology.

Finding head lice can often lead to anxiety and worry, and—if it’s your child that’s affected—maybe even guilt. You can take steps to cope with these emotions and make treatment as non-stressful as possible for your family while doing all you can to keep lice from spreading. Explore positive ways to get through this episode.


While some people may take the news of lice   in stride, others may become anxious or upset by it. Many parents may also experience feelings of guilt that they may not have done enough to protect their child or that they did something wrong to cause the problem.

It’s important to remember that ​anyone can get lice. All it takes is head-to-head (or hair-to-hair) contact with someone who has it.​

While feeling this way is quite natural, it may negatively influence the situation.   For instance, panic can cause you to fail to follow treatment manufacturers’ instructions and over-treat, which can lead to serious medical problems in children. Moreover, parents who are feeling stressed about the lice infestation may worsen any anxiety their children may already have about having lice.

How to Handle Your Own Anxiety

These tips may help:

  • Get the facts. Knowing the facts about lice can help you feel more in control and understand how to handle the problem, which can greatly help reduce your stress about the situation.   In particular, know that head lice are very common, especially among school-age children. And although they may take some time and effort to get rid of, they are not known to carry disease. If you are against the use of medicated treatment products, there are alternatives you can consider.
  • Cut yourself some slack for feeling anxious. Often, we know the medical facts but still feel anxious about something. This is perfectly normal, especially for parents who are dealing with their child’s discomfort.
  • Breathe. Something as simple as deep breathing can be a great stress-reliever. Also, try finding a yoga class or video to help yourself feel calmer and more centered. Try similar relaxation techniques for children to help relieve your child’s stress.

How to Help Your Child Relax

Helping your child understand the problem can help reduce any worries they may have about it.   Don’t assume that young children cannot understand the facts about lice. Simply work to explain what’s going on in basic terms.

Here are some suggestions for doing just that:

  • Tell your child that head lice are common and that many children and their families have this problem.
  • Reassure her that she didn’t do anything wrong to get it.
  • Explain that the lice will go away and that you will make sure you keep checking her hair and treating the problem until it is gone.
  • Steer clear of some of the more unsettling details that may be distressing to a child, such as the fact that the lice are feeding on her blood.
  • Help your child understand that it may take patience and time to remove the lice, but that the problem will go away.
  • Try some quick stress relievers for kids to help your child relax. Some breathing and relaxation exercises, massage, and even playing a game together can do wonders to relieve kids’ stress and tension.


No matter which treatment method you use, combing and nit picking is necessary.   When treating kids, make time spent doing this as fun as possible. Put on a favorite video or a new kids’ movie your child hasn’t yet seen to keep him occupied while you comb out the lice and nits. You can also make this part of bath time so that it’s an extension of a routine you already have.

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) advises against shaving a child’s head due to lice as it is not necessary and can be «traumatizing to a child and distressing to the parent.»

If you opt for a shorter hairstyle to make combing and checking for nits easier, present this in a positive way and make it a stylish choice.  

If lice have been spreading at your child’s school or within your family, you can instill new habits to prevent head-to-head contact. Discuss ways she may have contact and explore alternatives. If playful head bumps, napping with head contact, or games that have head contact are common, you may suggest alternatives. Also discuss not sharing combs, brushes, barrettes, hair ribbons, and hats.

You don’t have to undertake exhaustive cleaning measures of your home or fumigation if a family member has lice. You can machine wash and dry (hot water and high dryer temperature) any items that have been in contact with the head of the person with the infestation  . Vacuum furniture, carpeting, and fabric-covered items that can’t be machine washed. Clean any hair care items in hot water.

If there is anything that you are still worried about, you can bag it in a plastic bag for two weeks. That is sufficient time for any eggs to have hatched and died and the item will be safe. If a beloved stuffed animal is taken away for this purpose, present this in a loving and positive way to a child, as it may initially be distressing.


Despite efforts to educate people about how head lice is transmitted and who gets it, there are still many myths and misunderstandings about head lice. If you encounter someone who seems to be under the impression that head lice are caused by poor hygiene or that lice can jump from one person to another, steer them toward the real facts.

Sometimes this stigma fuels a code of silence about head lice. However, you or your child got lice from someone else. Spreading between children is common, but it’s possible for adults too, so you should review ways you or your child may have had head-to-head contact and alert those involved to screen for lice.

It is ultimately in your best interest to inform the school nurse or daycare administrator if you detect lice on your child.   While you may treat it effectively, you or your child will get infested again if lice continue to spread. Alert the parents involved if your child has had a sleepover. Work together toward eliminating the spread of lice. Discuss how to screen family members so those who need treatment can start it.

You may want to take positive steps to help reduce the opportunities for lice to spread.

Observe and ask other parents to watch what is happening during playtime, sports, and during sleepovers. Explore ways to reduce head-to-head contact and sharing of hair care items and headgear.


Your school, daycare, or business may have a policy on head lice.  

The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Association of School Nurses both advise that students should be allowed to return to school once they’ve begun treatment for lice.

However, some schools have a «no nit» policy and your child won’t be allowed to return until he is clear of both live lice and nits. You may want to advocate for a revision of the policy based on the recommendations of those two organizations.

These rules and guidelines may apply to adult staff and volunteers as well. If you have lice, you should return to work and social activities after you have begun treatment unless there is a no nit policy in force.

If you can’t get a change or exception to a no nit policy, you will need to arrange child care or stay home from work in the interim. This can be a challenge for a family. Diligent wet-combing and checking is the best thing you can do to get back to your normal routine as quickly as possible. While only nits near the scalp should be of concern, it will be reassuring if you are able to remove all of the nits.

Remember that it can take time to fully resolve an infestation—and try not to be discouraged while you wait.

Talk to your family doctor or pediatrician about the steps you are taking and ask if there are better methods to try. Some communities are seeing lice that are resistant to some forms of treatment, so there may be a better choice than the one you are using.

Head Lice Doctor Discussion Guide

Get our printable guide for your next doctor’s appointment to help you ask the right questions.

How to quickly understand that you have head lice, and learn them yourself?

One of the preventive measures of pediculosis is a thorough examination of the head.

It can be carried out independently at home or with the help of medical personnel.

This is the simplest procedure that does not require special skills.

But before proceeding to the inspection of the head, you need to have a clear idea of ​​what to look for.

How to understand that you have lice?

How do you know if you have lice or not? It is almost impossible to detect the initial stage of infection with lice. One or two insects do not cause a person any tangible discomfort. But when the population of parasites increases tenfold (under favorable conditions, this can happen in 10-14 days), then all direct and indirect symptoms will not go unnoticed.

Indirect symptoms of head lice

  1. Small rash. Lice regularly feed on human blood, per day they make 4-6 bites.

At the site of the insect bite, slight redness appears, the skin swells slightly, visually resembles a mosquito bite, only much smaller.

Multiple bites are often mistaken for an allergic reaction or dermatitis. When pediculosis is started, the papules (the site of a lice bite) combine and visually resemble large cyanotic spots. A distinctive feature of a louse bite is that the skin around the bite acquires a blue tint. Severe itching. Making a bite, the insect punctures the scalp and simultaneously with saliva injects a special enzyme into the wound, which prevents blood coagulation.

The human body perceives this enzyme as a strong allergen, therefore it reacts to it with severe itching.

Single bites do not cause tangible discomfort to a person, so it is difficult to detect pediculosis at the initial stage of infection. Multiple bites cause severe itching, which does not pass either after shampooing or after prolonged and intensive combing of the affected areas. Abscess formation. With intensive combing of the scalp, minor injuries and scratches form, and these are open doors for any infection.

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Combing the scalp with dirty hands, a person himself can bring the infection into the wound, which will provoke the formation of ulcers.

Direct evidence

  • Live insects. Finding a live insect when inspecting the head is a great success. Lice quickly move over the surface of the scalp and hide in the hair.

Due to their small size (only 3-4 mm) and protective color (translucent, brown shade) they are almost invisible.

Under adverse conditions (air temperature below 10 degrees Celsius and above 40 degrees Celsius), lice fall into a stupor and move more slowly. Nits. Nits are cocoons with lice larvae or in other words their eggs. The female insect, as soon as it falls on the hair of a new victim, immediately begins to take care of the offspring and lays eggs.

Under favorable conditions, the female is able to postpone 4-6 nits per day. Each nit is very firmly attached to the hair shaft in the root zone (at a distance of 2-3 cm from the scalp).

Nits are not afraid of such procedures as washing your hair or brushing your hair with a simple comb. It is problematic to remove them, even many special chemicals aimed at combating parasites instantly kill adults, while they are not able to harm nits.

Nit has a light color, so it is very visible on dark hair. It is difficult to remove from the hair, in order to remove it simply with your fingers or nails you need to make an effort.

Nits can be either alive (in which there is a larva) or dead (the larva has already left the cocoon and turned into a young individual). To distinguish living nits from dead is quite simple: you need to put the nits between the nails of the thumbs and squeeze it. Living nits will make a distinctive sound, similar to a crunch, but dead no.

Principles of a self-conducted procedure

Inspecting yourself is not recommended, since this procedure is ineffective. At the initial stage of pediculosis infection, lice are localized in the occipital region of the head and temples. It is impossible to make a thorough examination of these parts of the body on your own.

But if it is not possible to attract a third party for examination, the following measures can be taken to detect lice and nits:

    Comb hair thoroughly with a special comb. To do this, you need to pour a little water into the bathroom or lay a plain light fabric on the floor and, tilting your head forward, carefully comb through the entire hair starting from the back of the head.

If there are insects or nits on the head, they will necessarily fall onto the fabric or into the water, or remain on the crest. Neutralize lice activity with a hairdryer. Air temperature above 40 degrees, can neutralize the activity of insects, under the influence of this temperature they fall into a stupor.

You can dry your head with a hairdryer for 10-15 minutes, and then comb out a comb with frequent teeth. Half-fainted lice are easier to remove from the hair and find themselves. Do this procedure over a light plain fabric or a container of water. Self-surface inspection of strands at the mirror:

  • stand by the mirror
  • point the lamp with bright light at a clearly visible area of ​​the head,
  • to divide hair into small locks,
  • Carefully review the available strands for nits or lice.

Preparatory stage


  • lamp with bright light
  • magnifying glass (magnifier),
  • a comb with frequent teeth.


  • Cover the floor with a plain light cloth.
  • If the inspection will be carried out in the bathroom, you need to get a little water.

A patient:

  1. Cover the patient with a light plain fabric from the shoulders and below. So that when parasites fall out, they can be detected and neutralized.
  2. Dissolve the hair.
  3. Comb and lay evenly so that the locks do not get tangled.
  4. Divide the entire hair into small curls.

A proper thorough examination of the head for pediculosis can be carried out only by an outside person, it is impossible to produce it yourself.

Step-by-step instruction

  1. An outsider, armed with a magnifying glass, carefully scans each strand of hair along its entire length.
  2. The strands are separated by a comb or comb with frequent teeth.
  3. Inspection should begin from the occipital part, then go to the temporal part, the crown and bangs are last seen.

Subsequent disinfection

  • After inspection, you need to boil a comb or comb (inspect it with boiling water or lower it in alcohol).
  • If lice or nits are found, the fabric must be washed in water above 40 degrees, and after drying ironed on both sides.
  • The patient’s clothes (when lice and nits are found), also need to be washed in hot water (above 40 degrees) and ironed.

Medical checkup

It is performed by a medical worker (nurse or doctor) in all places of a large concentration of people (sanatoriums, schools, kindergartens and so on).

A medical examination is a planned event, which, according to sanitary-epidemiological acts, is carried out regularly.

According to paragraph 3.12 of SanPiN 3.2.1333-03, the following population groups should undergo regular inspection of lice:

  1. Children in boarding schools — once a week.
  2. Hospital patients — upon admission to the hospital for treatment.
  3. Pupils of schools and preschool institutions (kindergartens) — once every three months.

Inspection of the head for head lice, it is recommended to carry out regularly. This is the easiest and fastest way to detect parasites and start treatment on time.

Symptoms of infection

The first way to identify lice in your head is to feel the symptoms. The initial period of infection has a short phase with mild symptoms of infection with lice. Easy scratching at bite sites quickly turns into annoying itch.

Insects feed on blood, and to gain access to it, they pierce the skin and inject a special substance. It prevents blood clotting and causes irritating scratching.

The bite is accompanied by a slight injection, but if a small amount of lice lives in the head, then an infected person may not pay attention to itching.

Tearing apart combing the head begins after hatching more than a dozen lice. Itching does not go away after shampooing, becomes more frequent at night, and a person constantly pokes his head.

Symptoms gradually expand. Constant scratching of the affected areas leads to the appearance of blood on the skin. In advanced situations, areas of the skin are driven out, formations appear that have similarities with small boils. Long pediculosis leads to densification of the skin and pigmentation.

How to understand that you have lice yourself?

Parasite localization. Usually the detection of parasites in the head is not difficult if the head of an adult or child is regularly examined as a prophylaxis.

There are certain areas where the development of insects occurs most intensively. It is from these places that they spread throughout the head, so they need to be examined immediately if there is suspicion of pediculosis. These include the occipital region and temples.

Nits. Just a couple of days after infection, nits become noticeable, but adult individuals do not always come into view.

They do not have the ability to quickly move from visible areas. For parasites, a special attachment of nits is characteristic — one larva on each hair. A small number of larvae are not immediately noticeable, especially with pediculosis in children with blond hair.

Sometimes they can be confused with dandruff at the initial stage, but when squeezing, the capsule with the larva makes a popping sound, which is not typical for keratinized skin particles. Nits have an oblong spindle-shaped shape not exceeding 0.8 mm. At the end of the formation there is a slight seal.

Lice. How to recognize head lice? An adult insect is sometimes difficult to identify. Light gray color and small size are almost invisible, so often parasites are determined by the presence of nits. The average size of lice is 2-3 mm, but can reach 4 mm.

Bites. How do you know if you have lice? In places of activity of insects, slight redness appears. They can be single at the initial stage and multiple if pediculosis is started.

Constant irritation of the skin causes severe itching, which leads to hyperemia in places of bites and even swelling. In some cases, an allergic reaction may develop.

Help with pediculosis examination. Sometimes self-determination of lice with suspicion becomes difficult. Then this can be done with the help of another family member.

Also, parents should regularly conduct preventive examinations of the heads of children who have contact with peers in a kindergarten or school.

Hairbrush application. How to find out if lice are in the head using a scallop? A tool with small teeth will allow you to quickly identify nits, and also comb them out later.

But to remove adult parasites, a single comb will not be enough. Lice easily hide between the cloves, and then again appears on the hair.

Detection and combing of lice on a wet head. Before you realize that lice have appeared, wound up and live on your hair with pleasure, we recommend that you wet your head. It is easy to identify lice with wet hair, since they retain immobility when water enters.

When combing, the teeth should reach the roots of the hair and lightly touch the skin. The comb is carried out from the skin along the entire length, and then examine it for the presence of nits and lice.

What to do when confirming pediculosis?

One combing out parasites is not enough. It is necessary to apply timely and competent treatment for parasites with special drugs. The algorithm for detecting lice is described here.

In addition to eliminating adults, nits must be thoroughly removed. In a few days they will be able to turn into adults, able to give new offspring and cause complications.

Treatment for parasites is carried out at home. In total there are three ways to eliminate lice, but for greater effectiveness it is better to use a combination of chemical and mechanical methods.

Currently, there are many modern drugs in the pharmacy that quickly cope with the disease. If pediculosis is observed in a child, then it is better to coordinate the further choice of means with a pediatrician. It is necessary to act in accordance with the instructionsto avoid inefficiency.

An important point — compliance with the dosage. If you ignore this fact, any person may experience an allergic reaction to the active components.

The most acceptable and less traumatic for the child is the use of aerosols. They are easy to apply and quickly kill adult insects. Known lice drugs have no effect on nits, get rid of them manually.

Find out what can be treated for lice and nits from this article.

Mechanical lice removal

After applying any tool, be sure to comb out all the nits. This is recommended in bright light, slowly sorting through small strands.

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It’s important not to miss even the smallest nits. For a more effective procedure, it is recommended to use folk remedies.

Eliminates nits acid environment — lemon or cranberry juice, vinegar. They must be diluted with plain water before application.

A good result is also noted when using laundry soap.

You can get rid of lice quickly, in just one session of using the drug and machining. With prevention, the risk of lice is minimized. But there are complications from a prolonged stay of parasites in the head.

Pyoderma. Most often in adverse situations, purulent skin lesions develop. It is the result of calculations of numerous bites, if there are a lot of parasites. Wound infection leads to a deterioration in general condition and an increase in body temperature.

Complicated infections. Lice are a source of serious and dangerous diseases. Thanks to medicines, the occurrence of typhus and Volyn fever is reduced to zero.

Causes of lice

How to find out about pediculosis infection? It has long been no secret that in places where there is a special «crowding» of people, it is likely to become infected with various parasites, especially lice.

Contrary to popular belief, not only unscrupulous people are affected by pediculosis, lice can be acquired from wealthy citizens.

The main reason for the appearance of lice is the close communication of a healthy person with an infected person. The infected person does not immediately discover this fact — after some time, when the parasites have already multiplied.

Lice can hide for a long time from the eyes of a person, due to their small body size and ability to quickly move around the hairline.

To recognize the presence of lice, you need to know the features by which you can «calculate» the presence of this living creature.

Species of lice:

  • Headache.
  • Pubic (ploschka).
  • Wardrobe.

Head lice live in the hair, easily moving through it. To do this, they have adapted processes on the legs in the form of claws. Outwardly, a louse is a very small insect, 2–4 mm in size. Color varies: from light gray to light brown. After the louse is saturated with blood, its color changes to red. The insect has no wings. The paws are short.

Pubic louse settles on the hairy areas of the genitals. Nappes never occur in the head, they can inhabit and move only along the vegetation of the body:

The clothes louse lives in the folds of clothes:

Insects crawl onto the skin of the human body in order to bite and suck blood.

Distinguish between types of lice is necessary for their detection, because they live in different parts of the body.

Symptoms indicating pediculosis infection

When a louse bites through the skin, its glands secrete a special enzyme that has an irritating effect, causing itching. An unpleasant disease is complicated by the fact that lice breed fairly quickly, and then live in whole groups. Accordingly, there are many bites.

Papules remain in the places of lice bites — rashes similar to mosquito bites.

In people predisposed to allergic reactions, rashes from bites grow, redden, increase. The wounds remaining after combing become infected, inflamed, and suppurate.

In people who are less susceptible to allergies, itching and rashes may be absent.

You can determine lice with the help of nits, these are lice eggs. Thanks to a special sticky substance, nits are firmly attached to the hair.

Upon examination, it is immediately visible precisely nits. Their shell has a whitish color, which gives out their presence in the hair, especially dark. The shape of the nits is egg-shaped, slightly elongated. If you squeeze the nits between the nails, its shell will burst, making a characteristic sound.

With a massive infection with lice, the hair will look as if sprinkled with small grains.

Symptoms of head lice:

  • Itching, worse in the evening and at night, mainly in the occipital region.
  • Rashes: papules, foci of inflammation, pustules, crusts.
  • The feeling of «crawling» insects on the skin.
  • Itching observed even after washing.
  • The appearance of white nits.
  • Lice waste: small black spots on the skin. Easily detected when showered on light clothing or bedding.

The presence of parasites is accompanied by more rapid head contamination.

It makes sense to look for parasites in the skin of the occipital and temporal areas of the head. It is here that the skin is the most delicate and thin. These are favorite places for lice, because here it is easiest for them to bite through the skin.

How to determine the presence of lice

How to understand that you have lice, what to do when they are detected?

To determine the presence of parasites, an examination is carried out — you need to ask an assistant (family member) to examine the head. It is necessary to focus on those areas of the skin where traces of scratching, redness, small bleeding wounds, pustules are visible. It is necessary to examine carefully, scrupulously, especially paying attention to examination of the skin of the occipital and temporal areas.

There is also a way to detect lice yourself:

  • need a comb with frequent teeth and a light cloth (paper),
  • you need to tilt your head to the side of the spread fabric (paper) and carefully, slowly, comb your hair,
  • comb out starting from the back of the head, gradually moving towards the forehead,
  • the teeth of the comb should be in contact with the scalp.

It is possible that during this procedure it will be possible to grab the teeth of one of the insects with its teeth, it will fall out and become noticeable on light paper.

After combing, you need to carefully consider the comb, between the teeth of which jammed lice and nits can be detected. For people with low vision, it makes sense to use a magnifying glass, due to the extremely small size of the parasites, which may go unnoticed.

Tip: Before you try to detect insects, you should moisten your hair with water — lice will not be able to move.

It is possible to understand whether there are lice on the head by the characteristic symptoms: itching, worse at night, without relief, wounds, pustules.

If lice cannot be detected independently, it is necessary to consult a doctor: a dermatologist, a general practitioner.


Infection with parasites occurs in a contact-household way.

  • It is easy to become infected with pediculosis when using common combs, a towel, or headgear. Everything must be individual.
  • Remember that lice are transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person when their heads touch.
  • If there are cases of infection with lice in a kindergarten (school, kindergarten), it is better to temporarily limit his visit.
  • You can not swim in the same water with infected lice — lice in it for a long time remain viable.
  • It is worth avoiding small crowded ponds.
  • Perform preventive examinations in children.
  • Be vigilant after spending the night in dubious places (dormitory, train).

Observing precautions, do not have to get acquainted with pediculosis.

4 What comes first: chicken or egg

The fact is that louse eggs are easier to spot than adult parasites, especially at the initial stage. Interesting fact: lice attach only one nits to the hair. At the beginning of the disease, the eggs are not very striking. Rather, they are more like seborrhea than pediculosis. However, if you squeeze the nits with your hands, you will hear a pop.

5 Scrubbing as a way to identify lice

Adult parasites are not easily found on the head. A comb is not a panacea. However, she will cope with the recognition of nits. And where there are eggs, there are lice themselves. To identify pediculosis, you need a scallop with frequent teeth. Wet your curls before combing. Water will help immobilize insects.

Next, comb from the roots of the hair to the ends. Inspect the teeth for nits or lice. A sign of infection with pediculosis is even one parasite. After combing, rinse the comb thoroughly.

6 Pediculosis in children

The child is not able to independently determine pediculosis. And a symptom such as itching can simply be ignored for a long time. This is why parents should be observant. For prevention, we recommend inspecting the baby’s hair every 7 days.

The first symptoms of lice in children are itching and mild tingling. The child becomes restless and moody, sleeps poorly. All this is an occasion to examine the head and body. The following symptoms will help confirm the presence of head lice: severe irritation of the scalp, bite marks in the back of the head and in the back of the ears.

7 Features of the platform

The flat is a type of lice that lives on the pubis, eyelashes, eyebrows, and also in the armpit area. This disease is called phthiriasis (sexually transmitted disease). There are many ways to infect a pest: a sauna, a pool, a bath.

However, the most common way of infection is through sexual contact. How to identify pubic lice? First of all, there is excruciating itching in the area of ​​the pubis and anus. When the disease begins to progress, bite marks appear on the lower abdomen and hips.

Also a clear symptom of lice are small brown spots on the underwear. The bite site itself acquires a bluish color. It is easiest to notice such lice immediately after a bite. After all, at the time of feeding, they become brown or dark orange.

8 Body lice: characteristics of the species, symptoms of occurrence

This type of pest is planted in bedding or clothing. She is not able to fix on her hair. Therefore, it is difficult to calculate it. After all, the main symptom of this type of pediculosis is one — cyanotic spots on the body. Until an adult louse catches your eye, you can confuse the disease with allergies. From the bites of clothes lice, age spots, vesicles with pus, and a rash may appear.

If you do not get rid of the parasite in time, the symptoms may worsen. Insomnia, severe headaches, nausea, and fever are not uncommon.

9 There is no worse

Pediculosis itself is already problematic and unpleasant. However, lice are the spread of even more dangerous diseases: typhus, rash and relapsing fever, Volyn fever, as well as many infections. Typhus fever is a disease characterized by fever, weakness in muscles and joints, severe headache and, of course, a rash.

The main sign of typhoid fever is a fluctuation in body temperature: from high to normal and vice versa. Volyn fever manifests itself quickly and acutely. The patient’s body temperature rises, a rash appears, and excruciating pain in the legs also occurs. Lice also cause bacterial infections. For example, pus blisters may occur at the bite site.

10 Conclusion

Thus, one contact with an infected person is enough for lice to appear in you. Determining on their own the first symptoms of the disease is not difficult. Bite marks, itching, nits — all this indicates the appearance of harmful insects in the head. In this case, it is recommended to take measures immediately, because complications of pediculosis are dangerous.

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