How to get rid of a scaly body: methods of struggle and means of prevention
How to get rid of a scaly body: methods of struggle and means of prevention
- 1 How to get rid of a scaly body: methods of struggle and means of prevention
- 2 Reasons for the appearance of insects in the bathroom
- 3 What a scaly
- 4 How to get rid of the scales in-house
- 5 How dangerous insects are in the bathrooms
- 6 Prevention of
- 7 Other insects and methods of combating them
- 8 Extremism is . Reasons, manifestations, types and concept of extremism. Methods of struggle and prevention of extremism
- 9 The concept of «extremism»
- 10 Characteristics of extremism
- 11 Who is an extremist?
- 12 Youth extremism
- 13 Crime and extremism
- 14 Racial-nationalistic extremism
- 15 Historical reference
- 16 Crime in the Soviet Union as the progenitor of extremist movements in Russia
- 17 Youth movements in the USA and the USSR
- 18 Post-Soviet time
- 19 Two thousand years
- 20 Global trends
- 21 Types of extremist movements
- 22 Outcomes
- The reasons for the appearance of insects in the bathroom
- The appearance of the insects in the bathroom
- How to get rid of the scales in-house
- How dangerous are the insects in the bathrooms
- Other insects and methods for dealing with them
No insects can appear in the bathrooms since there are many reasonstheir occurrence. In this article, we will find out all the reasons for their appearance in the human dwelling and find the most effective methods of combating these insects.
Reasons for the appearance of insects in the bathroom
Usually insects live in those rooms where the microclimate is disturbed. As a result, favorable conditions arise for their dwelling. They can get into the house using ventilation pipes, cracks in the walls and through open windows. If you do not regularly clean the bathroom and do not take good ventilation, insects will become your regular neighbors. The increased humidity in the bathroom is the main condition for the spread of different types of insects such as spiders and woodworms, scales and centipedes.
What a scaly
looks like A scaly is a very common insect in a bathroom room, because she loves the presence of moisture. This type of insect is characterized by the fact that it can live in any conditions. Therefore, if you do not take measures to destroy the scales, these insects will live in the apartment for a long time.
Scale is a small insect, has an elongated body and a large number of legs that allow it to move quickly. She runs away from prying eyes, if it is noticed by the tenants of the apartment. So the probability of catching it is small enough. This kind of insect has long antennae, which are located both on the front and back of the body.
They feed on starch, synthetic fabrics, paper, and are also fond of food remnants, not indifferent to sugar-containing food. They do not represent a particular danger to human health, but being in the bathroom will become unpleasant and disgusting. Scales are divided into several species depending on the color of the body. They can be silvery, transparent, yellowish and greenish in color.
Most often in the apartments dwells silvery scales. It is very prolific, and if you do not take measures to destroy it, the number of insects will grow exponentially. If you notice these insects in your house, then you can not linger, you need to immediately move on to active actions to destroy the scales.
How to get rid of the scales in-house
Very often insects are treated for help with special services for help. To destroy uninvited insects at home, you can use modern chemicals, as they are effective and their cost is low, but it should be borne in mind that chemicals can be highly toxic and dangerous to human health and pets.
To disinfect a living room, one of the following is to be purchased:
- bath cleaner that contains chlorine in the composition;
- copper vitriol;
- special aerosols for the destruction of insects.
It is necessary to ensure a good work of the heating and ventilation system in the bathrooms. The drier the air in the room, the less likely it is for scales and woodworms to appear in it.
It is possible to install a forced ventilation system and an electric heated towel rail to avoid problems with maintaining the optimum temperature in the plumbing room in the event of a hot water shutdown or a power failure.
The basic actions for the destruction of insects in the bathroom:
- It is necessary to take out all objects and debris from the bathroom in order to have access to all corners and inaccessible places.
- Perform general cleaning, during which all objects and objects in the bathroom should be treated with a special cleaner with chlorine content.
- When all areas and objects dry, it is necessary to apply a solution of copper sulfate and dry everything well. It is necessary to apply a thermal fan or fireplace to dry the corners of the room well, as well as under the bathroom and in other secluded places.
- Apply aerosol formulations. They should spray the entire room and close it for one hour. Then you need to ventilate the bathroom well, so as not to breathe poisonous vapors. Do not use a weak aerosol solution, which is produced on a plant basis, since its effect will be slow and ineffective. To achieve maximum results, the treatment should be repeated after a few days.
- Independently make a mixture of boric acid, which must be in powder form, with chalk. Thus it is necessary to adhere to a proportion 1: 4.This powder is sprinkled with all the places where insects can live. In a week it is necessary to clean the room of mixture and dead insects. And again, treat the bathroom with a mixture and leave for a week to get rid of all the new insects that have emerged from the eggs.
You can also use folk remedies that are passed down from generation to generation to fight the flake:
- A glass trap consists of a conventional can of , which is wrapped in paper, insulation tape or scotch for windows. It should put a piece of apple or bread. This trap is set for the night, and in the morning insects will be in the bank. The smell of food will cause them to get into the jar, but they can not get out of it already.
- Wet trap from the newspaper does not require special expenses. It is necessary to take the newspaper, it is good to wet it and leave it on the floor. In the morning insects already settle in it, as they like wet places. The newspaper should not be deployed, but simply cleaned and burned quickly. If you start to unfold the paper, some scales can escape, because they move very fast.
It should be noted that it is better to start fighting with insects with folk methods, so as not to harm your health. Only in case of uselessness of national means, it is possible to pass to stronger chemical preparations. When using them, do not forget about protecting your health and when handling, wear a respirator, protective gloves and do not leave these funds in places accessible to children.
How dangerous insects are in the bathrooms
If there are small insects in the bathroom that move very quickly and hide from us, then almost everyone thinks about whether they will not cause harm to health. The most common insect in the apartments is a scaly. It is completely harmless to human health, only from its appearance there is a feeling of disgust, and mood spoils. Scale can harm your apartment, because he likes to eat paper. In the usual habitat, she lives in dark places with high humidity. Therefore, in the apartment she will choose the room of the bathroom, but for food will go around the house. Scales feed on substances that are of plant origin, and also have starch and polysaccharides in the composition.
Scales can eat flour, sugar, wallpaper glue, book bindings, photos, as well as synthetic fabrics. Therefore, it can do little harm to your things, your favorite photos and books.
To ensure that insects do not wound up in the bathroom, it is necessary to carry out regular preventive actions:
- Perform a spring cleaning once a week for , while cleaning the bathroom, ceiling and floor, walls, and all hard-to-reach places.
- Even our ancestors actively used cold to fight with different insects. When it’s cold outside, it’s necessary to ventilate the bathroom. For several hours you need to open all the doors and windows in the room, so that cold air filled the bathroom. But remember your personal safety. In order not to catch a cold, go for a walk or close in one of the warm rooms. If the temperature is less than 10 degrees, then adult insects and their eggs will die. After ventilation, it is necessary to wipe all objects and surfaces again to get rid of the condensate. It is necessary to sweep the dead insects and remove the clutches of their eggs.
This method of fighting, of course, is effective, but not applicable in modern apartments. However, it can be used in dachas.
The above methods will be an excellent prevention against the appearance of scales in the bathroom. But even if you notice a few insects, you should not be upset and panic. The main thing is that unwanted guests do not breed. If you start the fight in a timely manner, then you can easily get rid of them.
Other insects and methods of combating them
In addition to scales, to common insects that can appear in the bathroom room, the mocryca is. It has small dimensions, its body is painted gray, and the back is slightly convex. The main feature of the woodlice is the love of wet rooms and it is difficult to get rid of them. Also in the bathroom you can meet spiders.
To prevent the appearance of insects in the premises of bathrooms, steam cleaning of surfaces can be used during the cleaning process. The method of hot steam treatment is very effective for removing dirt, soap residue, disinfection and destroying larvae and eggs of insects.
For the control of insects the best remedy is prevention. Be sure to keep the bathroom clean. When carrying out general wet cleaning, special attention should be paid to walls and floor covering.
For cleaning the floor, you can add a little detergent into the water, which includes chlorine, to make additional disinfection. Particular attention should be paid to ventilation and drying of the room in order to lower the humidity level in the bathroom. For example, woodcock can not survive in dry rooms with high air temperature.
Do not forget that through the ventilation shaft, different insects enter the room, so to protect against the intrusion of unexpected «guests», you should use a special metal mesh. In order not to create high humidity in the room, during the adoption of water procedures it is necessary to use an exhaust fan and after taking a shower or a bath dryly wipe the walls and floors in the bathroom.
Extremism is . Reasons, manifestations, types and concept of extremism. Methods of struggle and prevention of extremism
The problem of extremism has affected many countries. The phenomenon of discriminatory violence has a long and tragic history. The colonial past of many states led to the emergence of mixed societies in which the color of a person’s skin, national, religious or ethnic identity determined his legal status. But even today, among the factors that cause particular concern, there is a steady increase in crimes related to violence motivated by racial, religious, and national intolerance. The fight against extremism is very important. Because xenophobia and racism against foreigners often take on the scale of social phenomena, and a number of murders and cases of ill-treatment raise great concern over the growth of destructive aggression in society. Counteraction to extremism is one of the main tasks of any state. This is the guarantee of his safety.
The concept of «extremism»
This concept is closely related to extremes. Extremism is a commitment to ideology and politics to extreme positions in views and the choice of the same means to achieve certain goals. The term means in translation «ultimate», «critical», «incredible», «extreme». Extremism is a current that opposes existing communities, structures and institutions, trying to violate their stability, to eliminate them in order to achieve their goals. This is done primarily by force. Extremism is not only a disregard for generally accepted rules, norms, laws, but also a negative social phenomenon.
Characteristics of extremism
Simultaneous adherence to extreme actionsand views are possible in any sphere of public life. Each crime is also an extreme degree of antisocial behavior, an acute form of social conflict, a way out of the norm, but we do not call all criminality an extremism. Because these concepts are different. Extremism should be understood as a clearly defined phenomenon. Some researchers define extremism as attachment, devotion to extreme measures and views (usually in politics). They note that extremism manifests itself in various spheres of human life: politics, interethnic and interethnic relations, religious life, environmental sphere, art, music, literature, etc.
Who is an extremist?
The term «extremist» is often associated with a person,which uses and protects violence as opposed to the generally accepted norms of society. Sometimes people are called people who try to impose their will on the society with the help of force, but not like the government or the constitutional majority. There is also another opinion, according to which extremism is not simply and not always a current, which is identified with a violent factor. For example, an English researcher in his work notes that the policy of non-violent struggle (satyagraha) of Mahatma Gandhi in India is an example of a new type of extremism. So, extremism can be considered as a way of radical objection to not only legislative rules, but also social norms — established rules of behavior.
Youthful extremism in Russia is a phenomenonrelatively new, in contrast to Britain, in which it appeared in the 50-60’s of the XX century. This predetermines the insufficient level of development of this topic in the legal literature. In our opinion, there are a number of unsolved problems related to research and prevention of crimes of an extremist nature committed by young people within the group. Extremism in the youth environment is constantly gaining momentum. This, for example, such movements as skinheads, antifa.
Crime and extremism
Criminal extremism is an illegal,socially dangerous act of a person or a group of persons aimed at achieving their goals (goals), based on the basis of extreme ideological, political and other views. Following this understanding, it is quite reasonable to assert that virtually every crime is a manifestation of extremism. The criminality associated with the manifestation of its various forms can not be fully considered without exploring extremism as a negative social factor and its correlation with the mechanism of state power and social management.
As social studies confirmIn fact, one of the common types is national extremism. As a rule, this is a manifestation of extreme views in the sphere and about the mutual coexistence of different ethnic groups and races. One of the components of the object of these offenses are precisely the ethnic groups in all their diversity, and not the nation, as often noted in journalistic, scientific and other sources. Extremism has been known to mankind since ancient times, since when power over the surrounding people began to bring material benefits and therefore became the subject of the aspirations of certain individuals. They tried to achieve the desired goal by any means. At the same time, they were not embarrassed by moral principles and barriers, generally accepted rules, traditions, interests of other people. The goal always and at all times justified the means, and the persons who aspired to the heights of power did not stop even before using the most cruel and barbaric measures, including destruction, open violence, and terrorism.
Extremism has existed sinceorganized society. At different periods, he appeared in different forms. In particular, in ancient Greece, extremism was presented in the form of intolerance towards other peoples. Thus, in the works of the famous ancient Greek philosophers Aristotle and Plato, the use of the name «Barbara» (barbarus) or «barbarians» relative to neighboring peoples is observed. By this they showed disrespect to them. The Romans used this name to all peoples of non-Greek or non-Roman origin, but at the end of the Roman Empire, the word «barbarian» began to be used in the context of various Germanic tribes. The same trend was observed in ancient China, when the neighbors of the Middle Kingdom were perceived as wild and cruel tribes of foreigners. The latter were called «food» («dwarfs» and «dogs») or «these» («four barbarians»).
Experts in the fields of sociology and jurisprudencebelieve that the causes of extremism lie in human psychology. It arose at the time of the formation of statehood. However, modern extremism in Russia is conditioned by many social, legal, political, religious, administrative, economic and other processes taking place in a certain geographical area during the last century. An analysis of the special literature on this subject indicates that in any state extremism has different social and criminological characteristics. In addition, extremism, like every social phenomenon, is characterized by historical volatility.
In fact, all the conspiracies and rebellions that are richboth domestic and world history were, from the point of view of the legislation in force at that time and the existing social structure, nothing more than the specific types of criminal groups that sought to achieve political goals. But at the same time there were cases of group spontaneous and impulsive outbursts of arbitrariness, vandalism and violence against the person, and there were also associations of criminal orientation. The opinion that organized crime (at least in its modern sense) did not take place in the twenties of the last century can hardly be considered correct. After all, historical studies indicate the presence of an extensive structure of criminal groups, for example in pre-revolutionary and civil war times in Odessa, and it is indicated that the activities of these criminal extremist groups had character and all signs of power (along with the governor and French occupation). Extremism and crime are related phenomena. Only criminals seek material gain or power, while extremists advocate political, religious or racial convictions, which also does not exclude striving for material gain.
Crime in the Soviet Union as the progenitor of extremist movements in Russia
During the twenties of the last century duringimplementation of the leadership of the Soviet Union, the so-called new economic policy (NEP), organized criminal groups operated mainly in the economic sphere. They carried out the cover of their activities under the guise of pseudo-cooperatives and other similar economic structures. Common criminality only restored its influence after tough measures taken by the authorities to end the aforementioned cessation of robbery and murder.
The collapse of economic change at the endThe 20s and during the 30s of the last century resumed the dominance of ordinary organized crime. The same period is characterized by the emergence of a criminal community of «thieves in law», and in science and journalism they express various assumptions regarding its formation — from a spontaneous occurrence to a deliberate creation by state security bodies in places of deprivation of liberty in order to provide a counterweight to possible associations of political prisoners . During the Second World War and in the postwar years there was a second surge in organized crime in the form of banditry. In scientific studies, in which it is indicated that organized crime is not a new phenomenon for society, it is said about its appearance in the 50s . Military units were involved in the fight against gangs, special units were created in the internal affairs agencies to combat banditry that operated successfully until the mid-50s, when the level of banditry as a result of the harsh measures taken by the authorities was significantly reduced, and the units were eliminated.
Soon there were theses on the extinction of crimeunder socialism and the elimination of professional criminals and banditry in the USSR. The last postulates dominating in criminology of Soviet times actually hid the real gradual latentisation of organized crime of a common criminal orientation, the emergence of organized crime against the background of deformation of economic relations of economic crime, or, as scientists have long called it, «economic and self-serving» direction.
Youth movements in the USA and the USSR
In the 60s of the twentieth century A new youth movement has emerged in the United States, which is closely linked to musical groups. Extremism in the youth environment originates from this time. Members of the new movement are called hippies, or «children of flowers.» In the late 70s — early 80s, a similar phenomenon occurs in the USSR. Hippies in the United States proved to be quite a viable force during the fight against retrogrades and conservatives. Unlike the American «flower children» who protested, fought the war that continued in Vietnam, the Soviet hippies fought against the communist repressive system. In opposition to the power system, Soviet youth created their own. Since the mid-70s, the hippie movement in the States has declined.
The youth movement in the USSR, in fact, became the ancestor of all subsequent youth trends, including extremist ones.
The next wave of extremist organizedcrime was outlined in the territory of the post-Soviet space at the end of the twentieth century. due to known social upheavals and social transformations. This was largely due to such factors as the release of a significant number of prisoners, the destruction of old police structures, the small number and low professional competence of the new ones, the decline of the economic sphere, the devaluation of established social values, and the disorientation of society. Racket and banditry swept society. Along with this, various youth movements began to appear: anarchists, metallers, rappers, etc. In the national regions of the federation, religious and political extremism flourished with a terry color. The wars in Chechnya have further aggravated the situation. Religious-political extremism began to be represented by many Islamist terrorist groups. As a reaction of society to this, various nationalist extremist movements of a Slavic type began to emerge: skinheads, national bolsheviks, nationalists, etc. In addition to all this, the bandit and prison romance was mixed in with it. Some time later, the struggle against fascist extremism began to gain momentum in society. The “Antifa” movement appears. Also, there is a transformation of the fan organizations of football clubs into groups of «ultras». The ideology and principles of this movement were borrowed in Britain (as well as fans of almost all football clubs in the world). From the mid-90s, the expansion of gangster public structures began to acquire a bold character. Organized criminal groups have entered a period of rapid development. Good technical equipment and weapons, the establishment of international relations of the OPS and organized criminal groups made the police virtually uncompetitive with them. The causes of extremism and banditry of the 90s are associated with socio-economic, political and military upheavals. Such a large-scale manifestation of extremism and banditry in the open spaces of the country forced the state apparatus to take some measures.
Two thousand years
In the XXI century. The situation changes with the beginning of the crisis of ideologies. The old forms of ideological politics have lost their significance. First of all, it means their restructuring, development and transition to new forms. The government was able to curb banditry and began to take measures to prevent extremism, especially Islamic movements. In the new decade, skinheads boldly stepped in, their opponents — “Antifa”, nationalists. The movement «ultras» has gained even greater momentum. Opposition to extremism by the state was more concerned with Islamic terrorist organizations and organized crime. This is understandable, since they represented the greatest danger. Therefore, the prevention of extremism has not affected the Slavic youth movements. At the same time, the crisis of political ideology leads to the formation of protest movements. He mobilizes a variety of opposition structures, namely active minorities, whose goal is to draw public attention to certain ideas and social problems. Here the leading role is played by protest, not counterdeology. In response, pro-government organizations appear. There is also consumer extremism.
In the world, radical protest movements are directedon the change of human consciousness. So, now there are three main types of such movements: anti-globalists, neo-anarchists and environmentalists. Anti-globalists are a separatist movement for national liberation and the preservation of ethnic uniqueness. Neo-anarchists are in favor of resisting a centralized state apparatus from the bottom up and the domination of society over the state. Environmentalists, as noted by the English political ideology researcher John Schwartzmantel, is a movement aimed at solving one of the problems — survival. It is aimed at criticizing enlightenment and anthropocentrism, which received the highest level of development in an industrial society in which man is postulated as the highest being in nature. These movements can appear in two forms: as the superideology of the future or a narrowly focused environmental movement. The fight against extremism takes a lot of time and effort from all the world’s special services and law enforcement agencies.
Types of extremist movements
The distinction between extremist communities and criminal associations infringing upon the person and the rights of citizens follows in the following way.
one ) An extremist movement created with the aim of carrying out crimes, as well as developing plans and / or conditions for their commission.
The purpose of creating a criminal association isthe very abuse of citizens, the harm to their health, the inducement to refuse to perform civil duties or to commit other illegal actions.
2) Extremist community created to commit crimes of low or medium gravity.
The activity of the criminal association is connected with the commission of crimes of all degrees of gravity.
3) An extremist movement created to prepare for the commission of extremist crimes on the basis of ideological, racial, political, religious or national hatred.
The presence of these motives is obligatory,constructive sign of an extremist community. A purely criminal association can be formed for various reasons that are not decisive.
So, summing up, we can conclude thatmodern extremism is one of the most destructive phenomena. It affects not only the legal consciousness, but in general the way of thinking and the life of people. For the many reforms that are needed today in virtually all segments of the state, extremism is a significant threat to success. In this regard, any research in this direction is nothing but a simple attempt to assess the situation and understand this phenomenon, and on the other hand, to develop effective measures to neutralize the most dangerous manifestations of the negative course. Prevention of extremism of all interpretations (including pro-government) is the key to the success of the development of any society. Any movement of this kind begins with a protest. When the mass of the protest electorate greatly increases in society, the atmosphere in it heats up. The emergence of extremist organizations is the next stage. In fact, in a society a kind of valve works. That is, this way is relieved tension. However, there is a certain threshold, followed by a social explosion. The fight against extremism should not rely only on force. They, as a rule, give only temporary effect.