How Many Types of Mosquitoes Are There?

How Many Types of Mosquitoes Are There?

With more than 3,000 species worldwide, there are a lot of different types of mosquitoes. Mosquitoes are known as both a nuisance and the world’s deadliest animal across the globe. There are, thankfully, nowhere near that many species found in the US.

Out of all of the mosquitoes currently recognized, only about 176 of those species are documented to be found within the continental United States. States like West Virginia have the fewest species of mosquitoes, with 26 species being found in the Appalachian region state. Meanwhile states like Texas and Florida have been recorded as have been hosts to a far greater number over recent years. Texas has the most with 85 while the sunshine state comes in at a close second having 80 identified species.Some of those mosquitoes, like Aedes Albopictus, are common while others are found less frequently.

Each different species of mosquito is unique from the next and the presence of a particular species is dependent on factors like season, temperature, and habitat. Some mosquitoes are only found in certain areas of the world while others are far more common.s

The following mosquitoes are the most commonly found across the United States:

  • Asian Tiger Mosquito (Aedes albopictus): When it comes to invasive mosquito species, the Asian Tiger mosquito reigns as number one. This species of mosquito is a vector for Dengue Fever, and has the potential carrier to be carriers of Yellow Fever, encephalitis, and heart-worm in pets. Like its common name suggests, the Asian Tiger is native to the continent of Asia. After its first appearance in Houston, Texas, it is speculated that this species was most likely brought to the United States through shipments of scrap tires from northern Asia. The common name for Aedes albopictus originates in the species signature striped appearance. At approximately 3/16 of an inch in length, the Asian Tiger’s body is commonly black with one white stripe on its body and several white stripes across its legs. Watch out during the day because this species is known to be an aggressive daytime biter.
  • Northern House Mosquito (Culex pipiens): The Northern House Mosquito is known to be the most common pest mosquito found in both urban and suburban areas. Though normally considered to prey mainly on birds, urban strains of Culex pipiens have been recorded to have a predilection for mammalian hosts and will feed readily on humans. This mosquito is acknowledged as being one of the species primarily responsible for the transmission of the West Nile Virus to humans, birds and other mammals. They are also the primary vector for both St. Louis encephalitis (SLE) and West Nile Virus in the eastern US. Interestingly, the presence of Culex pipiens is also an indicator of polluted bodies of water being in the immediate vicinity. This species appearance is plain brown while having white markings on its legs and body. The Northern House Mosquito is a crepuscular hunter, most active around dusk and dawn.

  • Anopheles quadrimaculatus: As the chief vector for Malaria within the US, A. quadrimaculatus is rightly dubbed “the common malaria mosquito.” This species of Mosquito native to eastern North America and its range extends from southern Canada to Florida and west to areas of Minnesota and parts of Mexico. The common malaria mosquito is most active in summer months and in warm climates while also preferring humans and large mammals as their meals. It is currently recorded that members of this species are also known to be vectors for transmitting disease pathogens such as Cache Valley Virus, West Nile Virus and St. Louis encephalitis. These mosquitoes are also common hosts for dog heart-worm and are known to be vectors for other parasites. A. quadrimaculatusis another invasive species of mosquito that will often frequent houses and other man-made shelters. They are know to have a rather painless, barely noticeable, bite in comparison to other mosquito species though females will actually bite a host for blood repeatedly (males prefer to eat nectar exclusively). Mosquitoes from this species appear most frequently in rural swamps and wetlands. They are known to have a dark coloration due to being covered in dark brown to black hairs. Like the Northern House Mosquito, this species is most commonly active at the hours of dawn and dusk.

How many species of mosquitoes are there

how many species of mosquitoes are there is one of the most frequently asked questions.

Why should I know how many species of mosquitoes are there?

He who owns the information, owns the world – said V.Cherchill. Today the information lies around, so this phrase would sound like this: Не who knows where to find information, owns the world. Therefore, to answer the question how many species of mosquitoes are there you need to know where to find the answer to it.

How do I know how many species of mosquitoes are there?

Today, there are many calculators for converting one value to another and vice versa. At the touch of a button, you can find out how many species of mosquitoes are there. To do this, you need to write in the search box (for example, google) how many species of mosquitoes are there and add to it an additional word: converter or calculator . Choose the calculator you like. And with his help find out how many species of mosquitoes are there.


Learn about mosquitoes, how to control them, and how to protect yourself from their bites.

On this page

What are mosquitoes?

Mosquitoes are small insects that bite. Because their bites can also cause itchiness and irritation, many people try to avoid them.

Mosquitoes grow in still or very slow-moving water. Some mosquitoes lay their eggs on the surface of the water. They lay between 100 and 400 eggs at one time.

The eggs hatch in 1 or 2 days into larvae, which look like small worms. The life cycle from egg to adult can take less than 10 days if the temperature is right. The ideal temperature is between 22° and 27°C.

Only female mosquitoes feed on animal or human blood. They need blood in order to produce eggs.

How can you control mosquitoes?

Natural predators provide some control of mosquito populations because they eat their larvae. Predators include:

  • fish
  • frogs
  • beetles
  • dragonflies
  • water bugs
  • birds that live on or around water

You can help control mosquito populations by preventing them from breeding or preventing the larvae from developing into adults. You do this by:

  • removing standing water which provides breeding sites
  • controlling the larvae with an approved product

Since mosquitoes lay their eggs in still or standing water, even very small quantities of water can be a problem. This includes puddles.

Remove sources of standing water on your property by:

  • keeping your gutters clean
  • emptying tire swings of water
    • to avoid the problem completely, replace the tire with another type of swing
  • storing flower pots, watering cans, boats and wheelbarrows upside down
  • replacing water in bird baths and outdoor pet dishes at least twice a week
  • covering garbage, recycling or composting containers to prevent water from gathering
  • drilling holes in the bottom of containers that must be left outdoors uncovered
  • emptying your rain barrel if the water is over a week old, unless it’s protected with a fine screen

You can also remove breeding sites by:

  • repairing leaks from outdoor water pipes, joints or hoses
    • replace washers on outdoor taps that drip
  • getting rid of water that collects in low spots on your property
  • keeping your swimming pool cleaned and chlorinated even when not being used
    • dump any water that collects on your swimming pool cover
  • aerating your ornamental pond, which creates oxygen bubbles in the water
  • checking under shrubbery and lawn coverings for hidden containers or pooling water
  • turning over plastic wading pools when not in use and changing the water at least twice a week
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Controlling the larvae with an approved product

Sometimes it’s not possible to remove all potential mosquito breeding sites. In this case, you can use a mosquito larvicide. Only use an approved mosquito larvicide, which will have a pest control product (PCP) number on the label.

To find the right product, consult the Pesticide Label Database of registered products. Be sure to read the label carefully and follow all directions.

Mosquito larvicides include products that have:

  • Bacillus thuringiensis, subspecies israelensis or Bacillus sphaericus
    • these insecticides kill the larvae
  • (S)-methoprene or novaluron
    • these products prevent the larvae from developing into adult mosquitoes

Use these products in water that cannot be emptied, drained, flushed or changed on a regular basis, like:

  • ponds
  • rain barrels
  • flower planters
  • ornamental ponds
  • low-lying spots that flood

Products that don’t control mosquito populations

Devices designed to repel or trap and kill mosquitoes aren’t effective at reducing mosquito populations. These items include:

  • lanterns, coils and sprays
  • bug zappers (called electrocutor traps)
  • electronic mosquito repellers that emit a high-frequency sound

Health risks

Around the world, mosquito bites can lead to a range of diseases, including malaria and the Zika virus.

In Canada, West Nile virus is a health concern. However, for most Canadians, the risk of getting this illness or serious health effects is very low.

How can you protect yourself from mosquito bites?

In most parts of Canada, mosquitoes are common from May to September. Mosquitoes can bite at any time of the day, but they tend to be more active between dusk and dawn. If you can, limit your outdoor activities as much as possible during this time.

You can also take the following steps to protect yourself:

  • Use a fly swatter to kill mosquitoes in the home.
  • Use an approved insect repellent with a PCP registration number on the label.
    • Read and follow all label directions.
  • Wear loose clothes made of tightly woven materials that keep mosquitoes away from your skin, such as nylon or polyester.
  • Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in an unscreened structure. Also use netting to protect infants when outdoors.
  • Wear long pants and sleeves as well as shoes and socks. You should do this if you’re going to be outside when mosquitoes are most active.
  • Fix or replace old and torn screens in doors, windows and vents. Inspect all other possible access points into your home and fix as needed.

Why Are There So Many Mosquitoes In My House & Yard? 3 Easy Fixes!

Is your house and yard infested with mosquitoes? Does it seem like they’re waiting for you outside your door? Let’s face it: Mosquitoes are annoying – but don’t despair! If you’re asking yourself, “Why are so there many mosquitoes in my house and yard?”, you’re in the right place.

In this article, I’ll explain where all those little blood suckers are really coming from and show you the 3 best ways to rid your yard and home of mosquitoes.

Where Do Mosquitoes Come From?

You might think that if there are no large pools of water around your house, the mosquitoes must be coming from far away. But don’t be fooled: It doesn’t take much for those little guys to multiply.

The 3 Best Ways To Get Rid Of Mosquitoes

Now that you’re bitten, itchy, and ready to fight back, it’s time to do a little detective work. Here are some of the tips I share with my clients that will help you find out where those little buggers are coming from:

1. Know Your Surroundings And Your Plants

When I meet with new clients, one of the first things I do is to look for all the small pockets of water they don’t typically see when they’re walking around the house and yard.

Mosquitoes Love To Multiply In Small Pockets Of Water

Take a look around your house to see what kind of plants you have. Pay special attention to the plants right next to the entryways to your home. If any of those plants can hold small, or even tiny pockets of water, then you may have lots of little hatching spots for those little blood suckers.

What Kind Of Plants Do Mosquitoes Love?

I live in the tropics and many of the plants I see are excellent at holding those small pockets of water that mosquitoes love. While the plants we have around our homes may be beautiful, they can also cause us a lot of grief by providing a constant, never-ending supply of mosquitoes. Plants like ornamental ginger, heliconia, bromeliads, and others have store multiple pools of water – and the mosquitoes know this too!

Choose Plants That Repel Mosquitoes

People have often asked me, “Do I have to get rid of all my plants?” No, but I would suggest moving them a safe distance away from the entry points to your home. You can even replace the problem plants with new ones that don’t collect water. You might even go as far as to put in plants that help repel mosquitoes. Many herbaceous plants do this, including rosemary, tansy, catnip, and citronella – just to name a few.

2. Put Oil Or Soap In Your Plants’ Water Pockets

If you do have a lot of plants that mosquitoes love, try this: Put drops of oil or soap in the little pockets of water that form on your plants. Oil and soap prevent the mosquito larvae from hatching out of the water, but cause no permanent damage to the plants around your home. This really works, especially if you make it part of your routine and do it regularly.

3. Think Like A Mosquito

Mosquitoes are very small and can fit into tiny spaces, so I try to think on their level. I picture myself as a mosquito and ask, “Where would I go to have some babies?” Believe it or not, it is possible to outsmart a mosquito.

Wrapping It Up

I hope this article has helped you identify where those pesky mosquitoes are coming from and given you an idea of how to keep them from coming back. Mosquitoes aren’t an endangered species – they’ll find a new home. If you have any questions, leave a comment below. I’d love to hear about what you’ve done to get rid of mosquitoes and I’ll be happy to answer any questions you have along the way.

Thanks for reading and best of luck,
Robert V.


2 thoughts on “Why Are There So Many Mosquitoes In My House & Yard? 3 Easy Fixes!”

Please help me mosquito bites and fleas bites for.7’months spend.a.lot.of money and.remedies but nothing I have mosquito and.fleas inside pkease help me thanks
Sincerily yours.
Isabel martell

For the fleas use diatomaceous earth on the floor, carpet, in the car. Warning if used in the garden it can kill beneficial insects.

How Mosquitoes Work

Types of Mosquitoes

There are more than 2,700 species of mosquitoes in the world, and there are 13 mosquito genera (plural for «genus») that live in the United States. Of these genera, most mosquitoes belong to three:

  • Aedes — These are sometimes called «floodwater» mosquitoes because flooding is important for their eggs to hatch. Aedes mosquitoes have abdomens with pointed tips. They include such species as the yellow-fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti) and the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus). They are strong fliers, capable of travelling great distances (up to 75 miles/121 km) from their breeding sites. They persistently bite mammals (especially humans), mainly at dawn and in the early evening. Their bites are painful.
  • Anopheles — These tend to breed in bodies of permanent fresh water. Anopheles mosquitoes also have abdomens with pointed tips. They include several species, such as the common malaria mosquito (Anopheles quadrimaculatus), that can spread malaria to humans.
  • Culex — These tend to breed in quiet, standing water. Culex mosquitoes have abdomens with blunt tips. They include several species such as the northern house mosquito (Culex pipiens). They are weak fliers and tend to live for only a few weeks during the summer months. They persistently bite (preferring birds over humans) and attack at dawn or after dusk. Their bite is painful.

Some mosquitoes, such as the cattail mosquito (Coquilettidia perturbans), are becoming more prevalent pests as humans invade their habitats.

Let’s examine how mosquitoes live and breed.

Life Cycle and Breeding

Like all insects, mosquitoes hatch from eggs and go through several stages in their life cycle before becoming adults. The females lay their eggs in water, and the larva and pupa stages live entirely in water. When the pupa change into adults, they leave the water and become free-flying land insects. The life cycle of a mosquito can vary from one to several weeks depending upon the species (the adult, mated females of some species can survive the winter in cool, damp places until spring, when they will lay their eggs and die.)

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We’ll look at the stages of mosquito development in the next section.

The word «mosquito» is Spanish for «little fly,» and its use dates back to about 1583 in North America (Europeans referred to mosquitoes as «gnats»). Mosquitoes belong to the order Diptera, true flies. Mosquitoes are like flies in that they have two wings, but unlike flies, their wings have scales, their legs are long and the females have a long mouth part (proboscis) for piercing skin.

2020 Mosquito Forecast

For many Americans, mosquitoes are a year-round disturbance. These tiny, blood-thirsty insects will attach anywhere from head-to-toe, particularly during warmer months. They also carry diseases that can cause severe symptoms like fevers, diarrhea, vomiting, and even death.

Diseases carried by mosquitoes kill more people than any other living species on Earth. According to Gates Notes, more than 700,000 people worldwide die in any given year as a result of the diseases these bugs carry.

Where Do Mosquitoes Live?

Part of the reason mosquitoes are so dangerous is that they thrive is warm temperatures. Their preferred temperature is anything above 70 degrees Fahrenheit, which means they can exist for some length on every continent in the world except for Antarctica. They primarily like to live in places that:

Are warm throughout
the year

Have moist, tropical climates

Have standing water

In these tropical climates, mosquitoes can live and reproduce all year. If the temperature drops below 50 degrees Fahrenheit for an extended period of time, the mosquitoes become dormant until the cold spell is over or they die.

What to Expect from Mosquitoes in 2020

With the rise of global temperatures, along with the rise of human activity, comes a better environment for mosquitoes to proliferate and spread across the world.

The warmer and wetter it is, the more mosquitoes will be around. Looking back to late 2018, a long stretch of rain (3 to 12 inches over two weeks) in Michigan caused mosquito populations to triple or quadruple. More rain means more standing water, which means more mosquitoes. Similar bouts of rain are expected in 2020, which will no doubt lead to similar increases in mosquito populations.

These warmer and wetter conditions allow diseases that mosquitoes carry to be spread quicker and easier. Currently, different parts of the world are facing outbreaks of yellow fever, dengue, Zika and chikungunya, according to a Boston Children’s Hospital study. Many parts of the U.S. still don’t have substantial communities of the primary disease-carrying mosquitoes that exacerbate outbreaks and epidemics. However, researchers believe that by 2050, almost every section of the United States will have communities of mosquitoes at some point during the year.

Let’s look at the five primary regions of the country and how the predicted weather for 2020 will affect the mosquito populations in the area.


The southeastern United States, which includes Florida, Georgia, the Carolinas, Alabama, Tennessee, and more, is the wettest, warmest part of the country. It’s a perfect breeding ground for mosquitoes because it’s warm most, if not all, of the year.

The types of mosquitoes
in the Southeast include:
  • Yellow fever mosquito
  • Asian tiger mosquito
  • Southern mosquito
  • Northern house mosquito

Mosquito Season

Begins: February-April
Ends: Mid-October or Early November

Mosquito Forecast

slightly above average mosquito population

Weather Outlook

wetter than normal

2020 Mosquito Forecast for the Southeast

In 2020, it’s expected that these mosquito populations will be average or slightly above average. This is due to a wetter-than-normal outlook for the summer as well as temperatures that will be average or slightly above average, according to the National Weather Service.

Mosquito season will start around mid-February to early April, depending how far north your state is in the region. For example, South Florida’s mosquito season will have started in February while Tennessee’s mosquito season will start around the beginning of April once the temperatures are more consistently warm.

In the Southeast, mosquitoes may never become dormant, especially in Florida. However, if there are any stretches (a week or two) where the temperature drops below 50 at night, then mosquitoes will die down until the following year. This happens around mid-October or early November in this region.


The Northeast has some of the hottest summers in the country, and there are plenty of standing bodies of water in the region that help produce high volumes of mosquitoes. This region includes New York, Pennsylvania, the New England states, and others. The National Weather Service says that the Northeast region has a higher probability of experiencing more rain this year on average than the rest of the country.

Mosquitoes in the
Northeast include:
  • Yellow fever mosquito
  • Asian tiger mosquito
  • Northern house mosquito
  • Eastern tree hole mosquito

Mosquito Season

Begins: Mid-April or Early May
Ends: Mid- to Late-October

Mosquito Forecast

above average mosquito population

Weather Outlook

wetter than normal

2020 Mosquito Forecast for the Northeast

High rates of mosquitoes are expected throughout the spring and summer in the Northeast in 2020. The expected wet weather combined with the heat—2020 is expected to be one of the six hottest years on record across the country—will bring more mosquitoes, thus the chance for more deadly diseases, to the area.

Mosquito season will start in the Northeast around mid-April or early May, and it will last until mid- to late-October. On average, nighttime temperatures in the region dip below the magical 50-degree number in October, but depending on how warm this year is, it could stretch into November.


The Midwest is characterized by large, open plains, with cold, frigid winters. However, their summers get very hot and wet. The Midwest also has one of the higher rates of reported mosquito-borne diseases in the country, especially in states like Wisconsin, the Dakotas, Iowa, Kansas, and Nebraska. These diseases include West Nile virus, dengue, and Jamestown Canyon virus, according to the CDC.

Mosquitoes in the
Midwest include:
  • Asian tiger mosquito
  • Northern house mosquito
  • Western encephalitis mosquito

Mosquito Season

Begins: Early April to late May
Ends: Mid-October

Mosquito Forecast

slightly above average mosquito population

Weather Outlook

50 percent chance of having a hotter, wetter summer

2020 Mosquito Forecast for the Midwest

Midwesterners should expect their mosquito season to start around early April to late May—again, whenever the temperatures rise above 50 degrees at night for a stretch of about a week. Thankfully for many in the region, mosquito season doesn’t last as long as it does in many other parts of the country. Mosquito season usually ends around the beginning-to-middle of October.

During the 2020 mosquito season, there’s about a 50 percent chance of having a hotter, wetter summer in the Midwest, according to the National Weather Service. As a result, you can expect the mosquito populations to follow suit.


The Southwest includes southern California, Nevada, Texas, Arizona, and other states. Sure, much of this region of the country is characterized by arid temperatures in the desert areas, but all mosquitoes need is a little bit of standing water to go along with the hellacious temperatures for much of the year. States like Arizona and California have seen cases of Zika, West Nile, and Chikungunya in previous years, and the rest of Southwest can still have a solid mosquito population if conditions are right.

Mosquitoes in the Southwest include:
  • Yellow fever mosquito
  • Asian tiger mosquito
  • Northern house mosquito
  • Southern mosquito
  • Western encephalitis

Mosquito Season

Begins: February-April
Ends: Mid-October or Early November

Mosquito Forecast

slightly above average mosquito population

Weather Outlook

much wetter than normal due to the 2020 El Niño weather pattern

2020 Mosquito Forecast for the Southwest

The Southwest has already seen a wetter-than-usual beginning of 2020 due to the El Nino weather pattern. The conditions are supposed to stay like this for the rest of the spring and summer, and when you pair that with the hot temperatures of the region, mosquito populations are expected to be higher than normal, too.

Mosquito season in the Southwest usually starts early in the year around March and can last all the way to the end of the year. Temperatures consistently stay above 60 at night in the region well into November and December.


Like the other regions of the country, the Northwest also deals with mosquitoes on a consistent basis. This includes states like Washington, Oregon, Montana, and Idaho as well as northern California. The Northwest has seen cases of West Nile virus, Zika, Chikungunya, and more in previous years.

Mosquitoes in the Midwest include:
  • Northern mosquito
  • Western encephalitis mosquito
  • Eastern tree hole mosquito

Mosquito Season

Begins: Mid-April
Ends: Early October

Mosquito Forecast

above average mosquito population

Weather Outlook

50 to 80 percent chance the region will be hotter and wetter than usual

2020 Mosquito Forecast for the Northwest

The mosquito season in the Northwest starts around mid-April and lasts until early October. The National Weather Service says there is a 50 to 80 percent chance the region will be hotter than usual, and the Northwest is expected to get more precipitation throughout the summer of 2020 than usual, too.

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Thankfully for many in the Northwest, the rainy season hardly overlaps with mosquito season. However, years like 2020 where there is expected to be more rain in the summer than usual means there will most likely be more mosquitoes throughout the region this year, too.

Hawaii and Alaska

Hawaii and Alaska could not be more different with regard to mosquito populations. Hawaii shares similar patterns with the Southeast, namely south Florida. Hawaii’s mosquito season lasts nearly all year, from early February until December. However in Alaska, mosquitoes—mainly the northern house mosquito—are only populous for a few months during the summer, from June to August.

Types of Mosquitoes

Different species of mosquitoes carry different types of diseases. Each of these mosquitoes lives in varying parts of the world, too, but here are some of the most popular mosquitoes in America, along with the diseases they carry, according to the CDC:

Yellow fever Mosquito (Aedes aegypti):
Yellow fever mosquitoThese mosquitoes spread diseases like the Yellow fever, dengue fever, Zika, and chikungunya. Despite their prevalence in more parts of the country, Yellow fever mosquitoes aren’t as high in population as the Asian tiger mosquito.

Southern Mosquito (Culex quinquefasciatus):
Head lice move all around your head while they live there to find the premium real estate for blood sucking. Because of this, they move around frequently, especially as the population on your head grows. The scalp is a very sensitive area, so you or your child should be able to feel something moving from one area to the next. Head lice moving across the scalp may also cause a tickling sensation that could result in scratching the area.

Asian Tiger Mosquito (Aedes albopictus):
The Asian tiger mosquito is confined to the Southeast, and in similar locations as the Yellow fever mosquito. The University of Florida says that the decline in Yellow fever mosquitoes correlates with the rise in Asian tiger mosquitoes. These mosquitoes can transfer diseases such as dengue fever and Eastern equine encephalitis.

Northern House Mosquito:
This mosquito is found in every U.S. state during the summer. It carries diseases like Japanese encephalitis and other forms of human and equine encephalitis.

Other mosquitoes with smaller populations across the country include the Western encephalitis mosquito, the Eastern tree hole mosquito, the Malaria mosquito, and the black-tailed mosquito.

With all of these mosquitoes, the males live for about a week or two, and the females live around a month and a half or two.

What Diseases Do Mosquitoes Carry?

It bears repeating that mosquitoes are more than just nuisances that lead to itchy skin—they also carry deadly diseases.

The primary diseases they carry include:


This is most deadly mosquito-borne disease. In 2015, there were hundreds of millions of cases of malaria reported, and nearly 500,000 deaths because of the disease. This makes up more than half of all deaths that come from mosquito-borne illnesses. The primary symptoms of malaria are a high fever, chills, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting.

Yellow fever

This disease is named after the yellow-ish hue it can cause in patients as a result of jaundice (a condition that affects the liver), which is a symptom of yellow fever. Other symptoms include headaches, fever, and fatigue. Yellow fever is a highly fatal disease if it’s contracted—half the people who get it die within a week to 10 days, according to the World Health Organization. However, it is preventable with a vaccination. It is currently most prevalent in Central America, South America, and Africa, and it causes between 30,000 and 60,000 deaths per year.

West Nile virus

The West Nile virus can be largely asymptomatic, but 20 percent of people who get the disease develop symptoms such as a fever, diarrhea, a stiff neck and swollen lymph nodes, and muscle weakness. The virus can develop to the point where it starts to impact your central nervous system, too, which causes violent convulsions and paralysis. There were more than 2,500 West Nile cases reported in the United States in 2018, according to the CDC.

This disease is largely asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic. If it does show symptoms, they may appear in the form of a fever, skin rashes, headaches, joint pain, and more. However, Zika has proven to have more severe effects on pregnant women and led to babies being born with brain and head defects. Zika was at the center of a worldwide epidemic in the 2000s and 2010s in the Americas and Asia, during which it was expected that about 30,000 people were affected.

Japanese encephalitis

Similar to the aforementioned mosquito-borne diseases, Japanese encephalitis reveals itself with vomiting, headaches, a high fever, and joint and muscle pain. The symptoms take anywhere from a few days to two weeks to show up after you’ve been bitten. The disease is present in mosquitoes ranging from northern Asia all the way to almost every tropical region in the world, according to the CDC. There is a vaccine for Japanese encephalitis.

It should be noted that just because you are bit by a mosquito, it doesn’t mean you have been infected with a disease. Symptoms typically don’t show up for these disease until at least a couple days after you’ve been bit. If you plan on traveling to an area, like South America or East Africa, where rates of mosquito-borne diseases are higher than in America, there are preventative steps you can take to help reduce your risk of getting bit, which overall reduces your risk of getting a mosquito-borne disease.

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Mosquito Prevention

Unfortunately, mosquitoes are most attracted to the carbon dioxide we emit. While we are never going to stop emitting CO2, you can help to reduce the instances in which you are bitten by mosquitoes by considering the following tips.

1. Use Mosquito Repellent

It’s projected that the mosquito repellent industry generate almost $5 billion alone, and that doesn’t even account for sleep nets and clothing. The industry is so massive because the mosquito problem is so massive.

The forms of chemical and natural mosquito repellents include:

  • DEET: The acronym for the chemical compound diethyltoluamide, DEET is the most popular mosquito repellent. It helps block the odors on your body that mosquitoes are believed to attract the bugs. It can be sprayed on the skin and on your clothes. DEET sprays come in concentrations between 4 percent and 100 percent, according to Consumer Reports. However, concentrations of 30 percent and above will all provide a similar effectiveness for the same amount of time.
  • Permethrin: This highly concentrated chemical is used as a pesticide against mosquitoes and as a repellent. Permethrin is only meant to be sprayed on your clothes, so never spray it on your skin. It can last on your clothes for weeks, even if you wash them. The chemical paralyzes and eventually kills the mosquitoes.
  • Picaridin: This chemical is similar to DEET, only it doesn’t irritate the skin like DEET. It has a similar effectiveness, though, and it is colorless and odorless. It’s also capable of shutting down mosquitoes’ ability to smell human odor.
  • Oil of lemon eucalyptus: This solution synthetically recreates the oil of eucalyptus trees and offers a safer alternative to stronger chemical repellents. The Mississippi State Department of Health says that OLE, which is different from natural oil taken from lemon eucalyptus trees, has about a similar effectiveness to sprays with 15 to 20 percent DEET. OLE cannot be used on children younger than three.
  • Natural oils: Chemical-free sprays and oils made from trees and plants like tea trees, lavender, garlic, peppermint, citronella, and more have proven to be moderately effective in preventing mosquito bites. While not as effective as DEET and other chemical-based solutions, they are a safer alternative and can be applied to children under three.

Make sure to use these repellents as directed. Avoid spraying the solutions near your face. Instead, spray an amount in your hand and then apply it to the necessary areas near your eyes, nose, and mouth.

While these repellents are most often used on your body, certain repellents can be sprayed in your yard to help prevent mosquitoes from living and laying eggs in and around your home. It should be noted that repellents, used often and in excess, can cause health problems such as eye irritation and allergic reactions, so use them in moderation.

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