Facial Subcutaneous Tick: Symptoms and Treatment
Facial Subcutaneous Tick: Symptoms and Treatment
- 1 Facial Subcutaneous Tick: Symptoms and Treatment
- 2 Causes of facial subcutaneous mite
- 3 Symptoms of subcutaneous facial tick
- 4 Treatment of subcutaneous facial tick
- 5 Doctor’s advice
- 6 Subcutaneous mite in dogs: types, signs and treatment
- 7 Signs of disease
- 8 Types of subcutaneous mites
- 9 Symptoms of demodicosis
- 10 Diagnostics
- 11 Prevention
- 12 Description and types of subcutaneous mites
- 13 Signs of Subcutaneous Tick
- 14 Sources of infection
- 15 Treatment of a dog’s hypodermic tick
- 16 Prevention methods
- 17 Causes of dog hypodermic tick
- 18 The main forms of the disease
- 19 Does a dog give you a hypodermic tick?
- 20 Prevention Guidelines
Subcutaneous tick on the face or demodicosis is one of the infectious diseases caused by parasitic mite Demodex species. It is impossible to find the tick just by looking at the skin, as it is a microscopic insect of a translucent color that looks like a worm. Parasite length is from 0.2 to 0.5 mm. The mite can infest both the man and the animal and settle in the ducts of the meibomian glands, sebaceous ducts, hair follicles. Favorite places to mite parasitism are ears, face, eyelids. Doctors claim that over 90% of the world’s population are carriers of demodex mites, but among some people it leads to the disease aminfestation, while for othersit does not. All depends on a combination of several factors .
Causes of facial subcutaneous mite
Most often the infection with ticks occurs from person to person and sometimes from animal to man. In recent years, a number of cases of ticks infection in beauty salons increased, so you should be attentive to the choice of a cosmetologist.
The main causes of subcutaneous tick are the following:
- Application of ointments or hormone based creams.
- The sharp decline of the body’s defenses.
- Hormonal changes.
- Inflammation or infection of the skin.
- Frequent stress.
- Improper diet.
- Excessive use of poor-quality cosmetics.
- Frequent visits of the sauna or solarium.
Symptoms of subcutaneous facial tick
- Compulsive itching occurs. But this is not a major symptom, sometimes itching does not occur at all.
- Redness of the skin because of the tick propagation.
- Peeling of the skin.
- The skin becomes gray and tuberosity.
- Enlarged pores.
- Redness of the eyelids.
- Eyelid edema.
- Feeling of sand in the eyes.
- Loss of eyelashes and eyebrows.
Treatment of subcutaneous facial tick
Diagnosis of the disease is done by scraping the skin secretions and laboratory research sample. It should be noted that it is necessary to treat the disease, as it does not pass itself, but is only exacerbated by the accession of secondary infection.
Treatment of subcutaneous mite must be complex and conducted at least two to three months. Treatment program must be developed by a doctor and it is strictly forbidden to treat the disease alone or using non-traditional methods.
For topical treatment clindamycin, metronidazole, erythromycin, sulfur ointment, sulfur- tar alcohol, washing tar soap aru used. you may lasoo use the decoction of chamomile and calendula to wipe the skin.
The different method of modern cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen is highly effective too.
To remove the inflammatory processes in the skin and allergic reactions, it is appropriate to use drugs, such as suprastin, tavegil and antibiotics, such as trihopol.
An important aspect of treatment is a special diet that should include food low in fat, amd sault. You should alsoreduce the consumption of sweet, alcohol, citrus.
To prevent infection by subcutaneous mite you must carefully follow the rules of personal hygiene:
- Always wash your hands with antibacterial soap.
- Do not use other people’s personal hygiene items — combs, towels, cosmetics.
- Lead a healthy lifestyle andfollow a healthy diet.
- In order to prevent getting infected, wash yourlef with a tar soap once a week.
Subcutaneous mite in dogs: types, signs and treatment
Dogs have more sensitive skin than humans, so they suffer much more than any skin diseases. The cause of the unpleasant symptoms are often subcutaneous mites — parasites that feed on blood and epithelial cells of the «host». Activated in the body or penetrating from the outside subcutaneous tick in dogs leads to the emergence of diseases such as demodicosis or scabies. Parasitizing under the skin, ticks actively multiply and poison the body of an animal with waste products, which is accompanied by intolerable itching, hair loss and can cause a strong allergic reaction. In addition, some types of subcutaneous mites can be transmitted to humans.
Signs of disease
If a dog has a hypodermic tick, the symptoms and treatment of the disease depend on the type of pathogen:
- demodecosis is caused by conditionally pathogenic tick demodex, which constantly lives in the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of animals, but wakes up and begins active life activity when the immune system is weakened,
- scabies is an infectious disease that develops when a dog is infected with itch mites — sarcoptosis or notoedrosis (commonly called itch itch), which bite through the characteristic paired tunnels in the skin.
Both pathologies have similar symptoms:
- very severe itching, due to which the dog combs the affected areas to blood,
- loss of hair, which first becomes noticeable on the short-haired parts of the body (abdomen, groin area, muzzle, paws), and then the blankets appear everywhere,
- increased nervousness caused by continued painful itching
- weakness, loss of strength, indifference to what is happening,
- significant deterioration of the general condition, the appearance of associated diseases.
The main difference is that the demodex mite is manifested by point inflammations, and the itch pruritus forms paired passages.
But since other symptoms of subcutaneous mites in dogs are characteristic of most skin parasitic invasions, treatment should be administered only after testing and determining the type of pathogen. To reduce the severity of itching, an antihistamine can be given to the dog before going to the vet.
Important! Demodecosis, scabies, and other skin diseases are manifested in much the same way, but they require treatment with completely different drugs. Therefore, it does not make sense to do something independently without diagnostics.
Types of subcutaneous mites
There are several types of ticks that can affect dogs. But on the territory of Russia, demodex, sarcoptosis and notohedrosis are the most common.
Demodex mite lives in the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of all mammals (animals and humans). But it is precisely in dogs that there is a genetic predisposition to the development of demodicosis, therefore, they have it quite often. The development of the disease begins with a deterioration in the health of the dog, caused by such factors as:
- immune system malfunction
- hormonal disorders,
- severe physical or mental strain.
Demodex does not manifest itself if the dog is completely healthy. When these provoking factors appear, the tick is activated and begins to release toxins, which cause itchy inflammation in the form of red bumps. Particularly strong inflammatory processes develop in places where dead parasites accumulate. They quickly spread throughout the body, which is usually accompanied by hair loss. If bald spots are absent, demodicosis is often mistaken for allergic itching.
Important! Dogs that have had demodecosis should be sterilized. Since the reasons for the activation of the subcutaneous tick cannot be established, it is necessary to exclude the effect of hormonal disorders on the health of the offspring.
The disease has 2 types — youthful (in dogs under 2 years old) and adult. At the same time, a favorable prognosis is characteristic only for youthful demodicosis.
In addition, the pathological process can have 2 options for development:
- Localized — the most common form of leakage, which occurs in 90% of diagnosed demodecosis in dogs. The lesion appears in one place that has clear boundaries, with irritation, redness and quick baldness. Secondary symptoms absent. Independent recovery without treatment is possible within 15–20 days.
- Generalized — the disease has several lesions. Without treatment, rarely, only in the absence of complications.
In turn, localized demodicosis can be of 2 types:
- pustular — proceeds with the formation of purulent pustules that are combed by a dog, which may lead to infection in the blood and its further spread throughout the body,
- scaly — causes the formation of small redness, covered with dry scales, which also itch badly and the dog may scratch the infection when combing, but it will appear locally.
Generalized demodicosis combines both types simultaneously. You can look at the photo, as looks like a subcutaneous tick in dogs in all variants of demodicosis — the difference is very noticeable.
Itch mite penetrates the skin of the dog from the outside and lives in it, feeding on the cells of the epidermis. For a certain period, a healthy immune system opposes the development of the disease, but the animal is a carrier of parasites and can even infect humans. True, the symptoms will be mild and will pass quickly, because such ticks do not take root on the skin of people.
Scabies mites come in 2 types, depending on which different types of scabies develop:
- Classical — it is caused by tick sarcoptosis, characterized by the same symptoms as demodecosis, but with the formation of foci of inflammation already at the initial stage. Chronic course leads to keratosis, the formation of spots and scars.
- Ear — the causative agent is a notoedrosis mite, which affects the outer part of the ears, but can go to the croup and tail, if the dog is used to sleeping, curled up. The animal severely beats its ears and head to eliminate the itch, sometimes causing itself severe injuries.
In general, the external manifestations of scabies in dogs are very similar to the symptoms of demodicosis. Therefore, it is very difficult to distinguish them without special analyzes. To identify the pathogen, a scraping of the upper layer of the epithelium is taken under local anesthesia.
The difficulty of getting rid of demodex is complicated by the fact that it is almost impossible to establish its cause. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the immune system of the dog, as well as restore the bodies affected by the parasite. The treatment regimen should be as follows:
- for raising immunity — “Immunoparasitic” intramuscularly for 1 week at a dosage corresponding to the weight of the animal,
- for the treatment of affected areas — bathing and ointments with acaricidal action, which are selected depending on the severity of the lesion (at least 7 procedures with a repetition of the course after 1 week),
- for the restoration of the liver — Karsil tablets according to the instructions (other hepatoprotectors are undesirable, as they can positively affect the condition of the tick, especially Essentiale),
- for relieving itching, antihistamines and a switch to hypoallergenic nutrition (premium dry food and probiotics to prevent dysbiosis).
If the condition of the animal is critical, the drug «Detomax» is prescribed. It should be borne in mind that such injections from subcutaneous ticks in dogs are a very effective, but highly toxic and very dangerous remedy. Its use is advisable when it exceeds the risks of exposure to a weakened dog.
Other drugs for demodicosis, including prophylactic does not exist. If there is a genetic predisposition, the dog can not be saved from the disease, even with the right content. Therefore, after recovery, such animals are derived from breeding.
Elimination of scabies mites is performed with the help of special acaricidal drops, which simultaneously with the destruction of parasites have antifungal and antibacterial action. The treatment is quite simple:
- pathogens are destroyed by applying drops on the withers of a sick animal,
- in case of severe skin lesions, the affected areas are additionally treated with antimicrobial agents,
- support of the liver (preferably “Kars”) and strengthening of the immune system are performed in parallel.
Symptoms of a scabies tick lesion, such as itching, hair loss, and dog irritability, are also characteristic of allergic reactions. Moreover, they may decrease slightly after taking antihistamines, if the owner of the dog decides to treat her allergies. But this will not save scabies, but time will be lost — ticks multiply at lightning speed, and the treatment is much more effective at the initial stage.
To know exactly how to remove the subcutaneous tick in a dog, you must correctly determine the type of pathogen, because each of them responds only to a certain type of medication. Therefore, only a doctor should make a diagnosis when these signs appear, after examining at least 2-3 scrapings.
With a mild form of scabies or at the onset of the disease, you can alleviate the condition of the dog with folk remedies. The following recipes are suitable for this:
- Garlic tincture — pour crushed cloves with almond oil in the ratio 1: 2 and insist 3 days in the dark. Lubricate the skin no more than 1 time per day, because garlic is harmful to dogs.
- Kefir tincture of black sulfur — dilute sulfur with kefir (1: 3), leave for a few hours in the heat. Lubricate the sore spots, too, 1 time per day, because the sulfur component dries the skin too much, causing a strong burning sensation. For the same reason, the tool should not be left on the skin — after applying it should be washed off.
- Sulfuric ointment — a pharmacy drug is used that lubricates the lesion areas twice a day without rinsing. Ointment also causes a burning sensation.
- Lavender oil — the skin is lubricated first with oil, and after it is absorbed, it is rubbed with chalk powder. The procedure is performed 4–5 times a day.
Despite the simplicity and effectiveness of home methods, they should not be abused. Such remedies dry out the dog’s skin and cause considerable discomfort.
To prevent infection of the animal with scabies, it should be treated with anti-tick drops 2 times a year. It is also important to provide your pet with a balanced diet and periodically give immunomodulatory drugs.
Subcutaneous mites are a very unpleasant and dangerous disease for a dog. The necessary measures should be taken when the first signs appear or even suspicion of the possibility of the development of such pathologies. At the initial stage, it is much easier to get rid of parasites, since they have certain life cycles. If the disease is neglected, the dog’s skin lesions can become very strong and painful for the animal itself, and the duration of treatment will last for long months. In addition, positive results can only be achieved by an individual, integrated approach to getting rid of the subcutaneous tick in a dog, including its treatment and general recovery.
You can also ask a question to the staff veterinarian of our site, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comments field below.
Symptoms of demodicosis
- The dog is constantly scratching.
- Pet’s skin becomes red, wounds, ulcers and cracks appear on it.
- Wool shreds. Baldness zones are located in the forehead, eyebrows, nose, eyes and on the paws.
- Unpleasant smell emanating from the affected areas.
- Chills, a violation of thermoregulation. The dog may be cold even in hot weather.
At the very beginning of the disease, small skin lesions are observed, which gradually increase. On the inflamed surfaces begins to fall hair. Suppurations gradually develop, exuding an unpleasant aroma and eventually becoming covered with scales.
In addition to physical manifestations, there are changes in behavior. Dogs become irritable, do not want to communicate with loved ones.
There are three forms of demodicosis:
- Scaly form, which is characterized by the formation of peeling on the skin surface. In addition, bacterial infections can be added to the flaking, which provoke additional inflammatory processes on the surface of the skin.
- Pustular form manifested by the formation of seals that do not exceed four millimeters in diameter. From pustules come purulent discharge, exuding an unpleasant odor. In addition, a mixture of pus and blood forms brown crusts. The form is heavier than the first and requires more careful treatment.
- Generalized form — This is a combination of the first two options. In addition, the course of the disease is exacerbated by the lack of appetite in the dog. Tick infestation of internal organs leads to a general depletion of the animal.
It will be useful for beginner cat owners to read: sterilization of cats for and against.
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Factors contributing to the development of demodicosis
- weakening of the protective functions of the body, hormonal disorders,
- decrease in skin tone, loss of hair.
In the above cases, the mite easily penetrates under the outer skin, where it finds a favorable environment for enhanced reproduction. Infection from one dog to another is possible only through close contact. In this case, the parasite must go through the entire stage of maturation and come out of the follicles.
Immunity may be weakened as a result of the transmission of infectious diseases, the presence of worms in the intestine. Stressful situations can also significantly reduce body resistance.
In order to detect the presence of the disease in time, the dog should be regularly inspected for the presence of suspicious seals, especially in the area of the legs and head. The initial stage of a lesion with a tick can begin with the area between the toes on the paws.
At the slightest suspicion it is necessary to ask for help in setting the diagnosis to a veterinarian. Medical workers will make the necessary scrapings, and after confirming the presence of the disease, they will write down the treatment regimen. The sooner the appropriate measures are applied, the more painlessly and quickly demodecosis will end.
The treatment is made under the supervision of a veterinarian. As a rule, apply the drug, which is administered subcutaneously.
Outdoor products, such as ointments, help expose ticks to the outside, which allows you to kill entire colonies of parasites. Antiparasitic drugs are called acaricides, they act directly on ticks. The most well-known drugs with the names Ivermectin, Amitrazine, Iwomek.
Additionally, ointments are used, relieve itching and immunomodulators (for example, cycloferon). In the case of microbial infection, it is necessary to consider the use of antibiotics.
The generalized form is the most difficult to treat. Used drugs do not always give the expected effect.
Restore the health of the animal after the treatment of subcutaneous mite ligfol helps for dogs.
Ignoring treatment can have serious consequences. Severe forms of demodicosis can affect not only the skin, but also internal organs. The heart, liver, stomach, lymph nodes and spleen are the first in the list of organs to which the destructive action will be directed.
In addition to treatment, additional need take care of dog nutrition. It is necessary to exclude from the diet fatty meat, they can be replaced, for example, turkey.
If the animal eats dry food, then you need to temporarily reduce a single dose, hold the dog on a diet for a while. This will help reduce the burden on the liver and speed up the healing process.
What is the nutrition of the Yorkshire terrier, read our article under the picture.
Knowing the causes and routes of transmission of demodicosis in dogs, it is easy to understand how to prevent this disease.
Main measure is limiting contact with diseased individuals. You should not allow the communication of the dog and with the yard, stray dogs.
It is important to be attentive to pet care — time to wash the dog, comb. Do not allow the dog to study abandoned premises, especially those where stray animals can live.
Reception corticosteroid hormones young dogs leads to a significant inhibition of the immune system, which in turn leads to a weakening of the protective functions of the body. In such conditions, the tick begins to multiply rapidly, and the disease begins to develop.
Due to the fact that often the disease is passed from the mother to the puppy in childbirth, you should carefully examine the bitch for the presence of a tick before proceeding to mating. Щенков от разных матерей первые месяцы жизни лучше растить отдельно друг от друга, во избежание передачи паразитов от одного младенца к другому.
Подкожный клещ – это серьёзное заболевание, которое может привести к печальным последствиям. But only in the case when the health of the dog is given too little attention. Compliance with simple preventive measures, timely visits to the veterinarian, as well as careful attention to the condition of the pet will serve as a reliable guarantee to prevent the development of demodicosis, or its timely treatment.
Description and types of subcutaneous mites
Dematodex is one of the smallest species of arthropods, but on dogs, as a rule, a thrombidiform mite of the demoxx species species parasitizes. The existing types of ticks belonging to the genus Demodex and parasitic on domestic dogs, are distinguished by their main morphological features:
- demodecosis pathogen demodex casinis is characterized by a cigar-shaped form, as well as a striated stripe of light gray color. The maximum body length of an adult male is no more than 0.3 mm, and that of a female is within 0.2 mm. The standard body width is about 0.06 mm. An adult trombidiform mite has four pairs of limbs. This form of parasite on the hair follicles, as well as in the sebaceous glands and ducts,
- The causative agent of demodicosis, Demodech cornei, is characterized by an almost regular, oval body shape. The maximum body length of an adult male and female is not more than 0.1 mm. This form of thrombidiform tick is a widespread superficially living parasite,
- The causative agent of demodicosis, Demodex injure, is characterized by a somewhat elongated, elongated body shape. The maximum body length of an adult male and female does not exceed 0.6 mm. This form of a trombidiform mite is localized in the back, where it parasitizes against the background of severe oily seborrhea.
Currently, there are several common types of ticks that affect dogs, but in our country, pets often suffer from species such as demodex, notohedrosis and sarcoptosis.
Demodecosis is caused by an intradermal mite that lives in the sebaceous glands, as well as in the pet’s coat follicles. Juvenile demodicosis occurs most often suddenly, and are characterized by a positive prognosis for complete recovery.
Notoedrosis and sarcoptosis, better known as scabies, are caused by an intradermal parasite.. The occurrence of classic scabies or sarcoptosis is provoked by the mite Sartestes scabiei. The course of the disease, as a rule, is very aggressive and has similarity with demodicosis, and the main difference is represented by focal type inflammations. Very often, the dog carrier causes infection in other animals.
At the early stage, there is marked baldness and severe itching, and for the chronic form, noticeable keratinization of the skin, the appearance of numerous scars and pigment spots of various sizes are characteristic. The auricle or notohedrosis causes the mite Notodrоsis, which affects the outer skin of the auricles. A sick pet is actively combing not only the ears, but also the head area.
Signs of Subcutaneous Tick
In accordance with the clinical signs accompanying the defeat of demodicosis, localized and generalized forms of the disease differ in dogs. The first form, at present, is much more common:
- in the localized form of demodicosis, in the early stage of the lesion, the presence of small and absolutely colorless foci of alopecia, with no itching, is noted. At a later stage, there is a marked hyperemia and scratching. The localized form of subdemodecosis is accompanied by a lesion of one limb, and otodemodekoz is characterized by excessive secretion of earwax and skin itching of varying severity,
- with a generalized form of demodicosis, the first signs can appear not only in the juvenile period, but also in adults or so-called age-related domestic animals. Generalized demodicosis, as a rule, develops from a localized form in the absence of a complete treatment or as a result of the use of glucocorticosteroid drugs in therapy. In this case, the presence of multiple lesions, especially pronounced on the head, limbs and body, is noted.
Important! Special attention should be paid to the appearance of pet signs such as the formation of scabs and crusts, the exudate excretion on the skin, a very pronounced increase in skin density and wrinkling, loss of appetite and weight loss, the appearance of weakness, apathy and anemia.
Severe generalized form is accompanied by the development of erythema and alopecia, folliculitis and furunculosis, the appearance of severe seborrhea and comedones, as well as multiple crusts, represented by dried exudate and severe bleeding lesions. With a generalized form of pododemodekoza, the pet affects two or more limbs.
Sources of infection
Invasion is usually transmitted through females. Infection of puppies from mothers occurs in the very first days of their lives. However, the main clinical signs most often appear in animals by the age of three months.
Important! American scientists in the course of numerous scientific studies managed to prove the genetic predisposition in dogs to defeat demodecosis, and it is precisely for this reason that a sick or re-ill animal is strictly forbidden to be used in pedigree breeding.
There is a breed predisposition of domestic dogs to the defeat of demodicosis.. Purebred animals belonging to the category of short-haired breeds are particularly susceptible, including:
- Shar Pei,
- Bordeaux Mastiff,
- English, French and American Bulldog,
- bull terrier,
- American and Staffordshire Terrier,
- German Shepherd,
- short-haired dachshund
- Labrador and Golden Retriever
- cocker spaniel
An adult dog can become infected by injured skin, bathing in natural and artificial reservoirs with standing water, contact with sick stray and domestic animals, as well as through contaminated soil and accessories.
From the point of view of clinical manifestations, demodicosis can become noticeable only a few weeks or even months after the initial infection occurred.
Demodicoses can manifest itself against the background of very many diseases, but most often such a lesion is recorded when the pet has a history of:
- some infectious diseases: pyoderma, bacterial dermatitis and plague carnivorous,
- metabolic disorders, including hypothyroidism and hyperadrenocorticism,
- autoimmune pathologies in the form of pemphigus complex, pemphigus and lupus,
- allergic reactions, atopic dermatitis and food hypersensitivity,
- psychogenic changes represented by acrodermatitis from licking,
- helminth infections, including toksakaroz and dipilidiosis, protozoonosis and giardiasis,
- alimentary-related deficiency of essential fatty acids and zinc-dependent dermatoses,
- iatrogenic pathological changes represented by Cushing’s syndrome.
In order for the treatment to be correct and effective, it is very important to distinguish the defeat by subcutaneous mites from folliculitis and furunculosis, pyoderma and dermatomycosis, microsporia and trichophytia, dermatitis and food hypersensitivity, flea allergy, and some parasitic diseases.
Treatment of a dog’s hypodermic tick
In order to assign a competent treatment regimen, the following diagnostic algorithm, which is presented, must be carried out without fail:
- a thorough history. The most complete information is needed on the animal’s age, primary or secondary nature, as well as the duration of the disease, feeding characteristics, the presence and duration of glucocorticosteroid therapy. If a pet has a relapse, it is very important to clarify the features of the previously prescribed therapy, the total duration of remission, as well as the presence of any associated diseases,
- microscopy of a scraping taken from the skin of a diseased pet,
- bacterial culture in order to determine the level of sensitivity of the microflora selected during the study to the most common antibiotics,
- traditional mycological research
- identifying the underlying disease
- biochemical examination of blood,
- a blood test for the main hormonal background,
- clinical urinalysis,
- scatological research
- standard radiography or ultrasound.
The polyetology of the detected demodicosis implies the obligatory complexity of any prescribed treatment regimen. In the treatment of a localized form, the process of self-coping of the disease for one and a half months can be observed, which is caused by the normalization of the immune status to sufficient indicators.
A good result is given by the appointment of acaricidal preparations once a week in the form of sulfur-zinc veterinary ointment, “Aqaboropa”, “Taktika”, “Amitana” and “Mitabana”. Daily treatment of the affected skin is carried out by antiseptic agents in the form of salicylic lotion and pharmacy fucorcin.
It is interesting! A fairly new German drug from Bayer, called Lawyer, has a very high and guaranteed effectiveness.
«Advakat» is a highly effective means of a wide range of antiparasitic action characterized by its effectiveness against flea invasion, sarcoptosis, otodectose, trichodecosis and nematodosis, as well as entomoses. The drug is available in very convenient to use polypropylene pipettes. However, such a modern antiparasitic agent is contraindicated for use in puppies and dogs during pregnancy.
In the treatment of a generalized form, the highly effective and modern drug of systemic exposure «Lawyer» is also widely used, which is applied no more than four times with a mandatory interval of four weeks. It is important to remember that glucocorticosteroid systemic and local therapy is strictly prohibited.
It should be noted that the generalized form is a difficult disease to be cured; therefore, the pet treatment regimen should be comprehensive, based on a study of all internal organs, an assessment of the functioning of the endocrine system and the level of the pet’s immune status.
To facilitate the penetration of medicinal ointments and solution into the skin, the treatment removes the coat from the affected areas and the treatment with anti-seboric detergents or shampoos before starting treatment.
Currently there are no licensed drugs that allow you to perform systemic treatment of demodicosis.. It is allowed to use Immunoparasitian according to the scheme recommended by the manufacturer and with the addition of Dectomax injection.
Important! Remember that Dektomax cannot be used in the treatment of breeds such as sheltie, collie and bobtail. External treatment of the affected areas is performed with antiparasitic drugs in the form of «Hemitraz», «Neostomosan», «Stoomozan» and «Mitabana». The side effect can be minimized with the help of hepatoprotectors, prebiotics, probiotics and synbiotics, which are prescribed to your pet by a monthly course.
Special value at the stage of treatment is attached to the fortifying therapy. For this purpose, modern and highly effective vitamin-mineral supplements are used, as well as complexes of fat-soluble vitamins with the addition of essential fatty acids, which have a beneficial effect on the regeneration of the skin and wool. The use of immunostimulating therapy, represented by the preparations Timalin and Taktivin, is also obligatory.
Risk factors for infection with subcutaneous ticks include endogenous and exogenous components. In the first case, the risk of damage to a pet increases significantly with reduced resistance in newborn dogs and old, aged animals, during pregnancy and stress, as well as with a history of congenital or acquired immunodeficiency.
Exogenous factors can be represented by violations of hygienic parameters, direct contact with the pathogen, climatic features, as well as chemical and physical effects.
The main preventive measures to prevent the defeat of a pet worm-shaped mite are presented:
- complete examination of dogs immediately prior to the planned mating,
- sterilization of ill animals or carrier dogs,
- the restriction of pet communication with others, especially stray dogs,
- observance of hygienic measures in the home maintenance
- using special antibacterial shampoos,
- providing your pet with a complete and balanced diet,
- regular check-ups at the veterinary clinic,
- keeping your pet’s immune system high
- strict adherence to preventive vaccination.
It should be remembered that the treatment of demodicosis and medication is carried out only after consulting a professional veterinarian and under his strict control, since not treated and the most severe forms of such a parasitic disease can be dangerous to human health.
Causes of dog hypodermic tick
In the presence of a pathological source from the outside, the disease progresses in animals suffering from immunodeficiency.
Most often, dogs become infected in May-September. Mostly demodicosis affects young animals from six months to 24 months.
An infected dog acts as a provocateur of the infection, and a tick is transmitted by direct contact.
Other reasons for the development of demodicosis include:
- The presence of pinworms.
- The presence of infectious pathologies.
- Long-term antibiotic treatment.
- Surgical intervention.
Veterinarians distinguish juvenile and generalized demodicosis.
The provocateurs live in the hair follicles of the skin and sebaceous glands. The size of an adult individual ranges from 201 to 260 microns.
Ticks live in the hair follicles of the skin.
When the parasite hits the body of an animal, its life cycle does not exceed 60 minutes. The effect of demodex on the body varies from 25 days to 1 month.
The main signs of pathology
The main symptoms of demodicosis in dogs include:
- impaired thermoregulation
- loss of coat,
- skin redness
- the presence of an unpleasant pungent smell,
- constant itching
The behavior of the sick dog changes dramatically. The animal becomes restless, tries to avoid contact with the owner. Appetite is usually not disturbed.
The dog becomes restless.
Sometimes the first warning sign is the appearance of a strong «psinny» smell from the skin . It gradually increases.
The main forms of the disease
Demodecosis occurs in 2 forms: pustular and scaly.
They are united common feature — loss of coat on certain parts of the body of the animal. Observed coarsening and redness of the skin.
There is redness in the dog’s skin.
The mildest form of the disease is scaly. On the feet and face of the pet, small round-shaped bald patches are formed. Changed the shade of the skin coarsens, cracked.
Pustular form of subcutaneous mite
Pustular appearance is characteristic of pustular forms.
Their shade varies from yellow to black. But more often pustules of reddish color are formed. When joining infectious process to demodicosis, pyoderma develops. It contributes to the appearance of ulcers. The skin becomes moist, wrinkled. First of all, the limbs of the dog, its muzzle, ears and eyebrows are affected.
When the pustular form of the skin becomes wet.
In a localized form, there are no more than 5 lesions. Their size does not exceed 25 mm. In other cases, we are talking about generalized demodicosis.
Does a dog give you a hypodermic tick?
The owners of sick dogs are interested in the question of whether a subcutaneous tick is transmitted to a person. Theoretically this is possible. But humans parasitize their species — Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis. The dog mite is called Demodex canis.
At risk are people with very weak immunity. In this case, the tick transmitted by the sick dog can live under the human skin for only 1 cycle. Then he dies.
At risk are people with weakened immunity.
Use of outdoor products
The drug Amidel-gel will relieve the dog from the painful symptoms.
You can relieve the dog of the painful symptoms with the help of such drops as:
- Ivermek spray.
- Amidel gel.
If the process has gone too far, it is recommended to use. This preparation contains as a substance that blocks the parasite. so and antibiotic. Ivermek-gel has a remarkable anti-inflammatory effect. In order to prevent ticks, Prazitsid-complex is recommended.
Injections are usually given to an animal with a pustular form of a tick.
The drug is injected both subcutaneously and into the muscle of a sick dog. Прописываются такие уколы, как Аверсектом K&C и Эпримек.
Аверсектом K&C является противопаразитным препаратом. Интервал составляет 7-10 дней до полного выздоровления животного. Укол Эпримека делается 1-кратно.
The course of treatment with injections is from 7 to 10 days.
Therapy of demodicosis at home suggests:
- strengthening the immune system
- liver protection,
- local processing,
- hypoallergenic food.
The dog should be given hypoallergenic feed for food.
In order to strengthen the immune system, it is allowed to use Immunoparasitian and its analogues. The drug is injected into the muscle.
Can be used acaricidal shampoos, ointments . At the initial therapeutic course, 6-7 treatments are performed. After a 7-day break, you need to take a second approach.
Use of folk remedies
Treatment of a sick dog with folk remedies is allowed. When demodicosis is usually used:
- tar soap,
- celandine roots
- juniper fruits.
It is allowed to treat a sick dog with tar soap.
Procedures with tar soap preferably carried out 1-2 times / 7 days. Use of birch tar is allowed.
Juniper fruits recommended for use with sour apples. They need to be thoroughly ground, then put on problem areas.
The roots of celandine poured vegetable oil in proportions of 1 to 1. Then the drug should be heated for 3-4 hours at a temperature of 50 grams and strain well. The product is applied on the painted skin 1 time / 24 hours.
First of all, it is necessary to exclude the contact of a pet with stray dogs.
You should not let the dog off the leash while walking.
On a walk you should not lower the pet off the leash. If possible, avoid places where stray animals are located.
- Timely care of the coat is very important. . The dog must be thoroughly washed with special shampoo and combed. In the spring and autumn periods, it is necessary to treat the animal’s hair with parasite preparations.
- Do not give your pet antibiotics without a veterinarian . This can trigger a relapse. Contact the veterinary clinic is necessary when detecting the first symptoms of demodicosis. The sooner the doctor identifies this disease, the easier it will be to cope with it.
Vaccination of a puppy should be done as early as possible.
The female dog which has been found to tick, must be sterilized.
The bitches in which a subcutaneous mite was found must be sterilized, since the risk of transmitting pathology to litter is very high. The operation is appointed only after the completion of the full therapeutic course.