Dog Tick Disease Symptoms
Dog Tick Disease Symptoms
- 1 Dog Tick Disease Symptoms
- 2 Types of Tick Disease
- 3 Dog Tick Disease Symptoms
- 4 Prevention of Dog Tick Disease
- 5 Ticks and Tick Control in Dogs
- 6 Jump to Section
- 7 What is Ticks and Tick Control?
- 8 Symptoms of Ticks and Tick Control in Dogs
- 9 Causes of Ticks and Tick Control in Dogs
- 10 Diagnosis of Ticks and Tick Control in Dogs
- 11 Treatment of Ticks and Tick Control in Dogs
- 12 Recovery of Ticks and Tick Control in Dogs
- 13 Tick Borne Diseases in Cats
- 14 What are ticks?
- 15 Lyme disease
- 16 Cytauxzoonosis
- 17 Tularemia
- 18 Haemobartonellosis
- 19 Babesiosis
- 20 Tick paralysis
- 21 Reducing the risk
- 22 Symptoms of Tick Borne Diseases
- 23 Stages of Tick Disease
- 24 Symptoms of Tick Disease
- 25 Treatment for Tick Disease
- 26 Common types of ticks in the UK
- 27 U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Tick disease usually occurs in dogs when they spend most of their time in areas populated by ticks, mainly in forests, shrubs, tall grass and by the water. Ticks can cause a variety of diseases, and some of these can be lethal.
Types of Tick Disease
Four diseases caused by tick bites have a greater incidence: ehrlichiosis, babesiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) and Lyme disease. The first three can be lethal if not diagnosed and treated in time.
Ehrlichiosis is a bacterial infection caused by ehrlichia, a bacteria transmitted by tick. Babesiosis is a parasitic disease caused by babesia, one of the most common parasites to be found in the bloodstream of mammals. RMSF is the most common and the most lethal illness caused by bacteria called rickettsia, while Lyme disease is caused by the borrelia burgdorferi bacteria. It is important to make a correct diagnosis of the disease in order to provide the proper treatment.
Dog Tick Disease Symptoms
When suffering from tick disease, your dog will exhibit a combination of the following symptoms:
- Lack of appetite and weight loss
- Diarrhea and vomiting (mostly bile)
- Depression, lethargy
- Seizures and other neurological disorders
- Swollen limbs and joints
- Exhaustion, loss of vigor, muscle weakness
- Nasal discharge and nosebleeds
- Skin and ear infections resistant to common treatment
- Eyes problems: dilated pupils, sensibility to light, even hemorrhages
- Change of nose, gums, tongue color
- Dehydration, thirst
- Increased urination
- Spontaneous hemorrhaging and blood clotting problems
Since there are more bacteria which cause tick diseases, the symptoms can vary from dog to dog and it’s most likely that the dog does not have them all. In some cases, symptoms show only when the disease is in an advanced stage. Remember that the symptoms are common to the four diseases mentioned above and it is very important to have your pet checked by a veterinarian. Tick disease can lead to further unwanted complications such as liver failure, kidney failure or prostate infections. Tick disease symptoms might resemble signs of other medical conditions.
Prevention of Dog Tick Disease
The best solution to avoid tick diseases in your dog is to keep him away from tick-prone areas such as forests, parks, low shrubs and tall grass. This recommendation might be difficult to follow since it is vital for a dog to spend time outdoors.
Therefore, try to check your pet for ticks every day, examining the skin surface carefully with a comb. The time for the bacteria to enter the blood flow varies depending on the different types of ticks and the bacteria they are carrying. Sometimes it only takes a few hours for the diseases to enter the blood flow, so it is imperative that you find and remove the tick as soon as possible.
Another preventive measure is putting a tick collar around your dog’s neck. Tick collars contain a substance, amitraz, which spreads all over your dog’s body and will mix with natural body oils. This substance is also bad for your dog, so make sure the dog is not ingesting it.
Ticks and Tick Control in Dogs
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What is Ticks and Tick Control?
Many pet owners are aware of the dangers of tick bites and the reality that locating a tick on your dog can be difficult. Often the discovery is made after the ectoparasite has been on your pet for a few days, simply because the tick is easier to spot as it grows in size. Tick control can be a year-round necessity, depending on your location. There are many types of ticks native to North America and these ticks have the capability to transmit disease within hours of attaching themselves to the host, which is your pet. The signs that a tick-borne illness has been transmitted to your dog may not show up for a week to three weeks after the bite. Some of the diseases that can be transmitted are tularemia, rickettsiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme, and ehrlichiosis. The consequences of disease can be serious.
Ticks are blood-sucking ectoparasites capable of transmitting serious diseases to people, to our canine friends, and to other animal species. The importance of tick control is very important in the veterinary world, as the knowledge of the harm this species can inflict is expanding day by day. It is vital that you protect your family pet from ticks in order to avoid illnesses such as tick paralysis and secondary bacterial infections.
Symptoms of Ticks and Tick Control in Dogs
Your canine companion will most likely not exhibit any symptoms at all that will indicate that he is hosting tick and playing a part of the life journey of this pest on his body. The tick can be very minute in size when first attached, before continually growing until you find and remove it or the tick detaches itself. Symptoms of illness can appear within 7 days but can also take a few weeks to emerge. Just a few of the symptoms you will see in relation to these diseases are listed here.
- Pain in the abdomen
- Enlarged lymph nodes
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
- Runny eyes and nose
- Nose bleed
- Poor appetite
There are about 850 blood-sucking tick species worldwide, making this pest only second to the mosquito in terms of importance to veterinarians as they pertain to disease transmission. The amount of pathogens that they carry are great; just a very few of the types of ticks found in North America are the Rocky mountain wood tick, the eastern and western black-legged or deer tick, the Gulf coast tick, the brown tick, and the American dog tick.
Causes of Ticks and Tick Control in Dogs
Ticks and their spread are becoming more and more of a concern as the ectoparasites expand their geographical territory.
- Ticks can live in homes and kennels
- This pest can be found in wooded areas frequented by wildlife
- Open fields with tall grasses are favored spots of ticks also
- Climate can be a factor in the abundance of the population
- Many species thrive in heat and humidity
- Ticks are learning to adapt to the environment and are moving farther north
Diagnosis of Ticks and Tick Control in Dogs
If you are not comfortable removing the tick from your dog on your own, let the veterinarian do it for you. Either way, you may want to have the tick sent to a diagnostic laboratory to determine the type. Removal can be tricky and must done properly or there is the risk of leaving a section of the tick behind, embedded in your pet’s skin. Your veterinarian can instruct you at the same time how to remove ticks safely for future occurrences. Removal is done with tweezers, taking care to pull upward with a steady movement while extracting the entire body of the pest. Detaching the tick as soon as possible is important in order to reduce the likelihood of disease transmission.
If your dog is ill and you do not find a tick, the veterinarian may find a rash in the bite area or a wound where the tick was attached. Depending on whether your pet has additional symptoms of a tick-borne disease, there may be a need for further testing.
Treatment of Ticks and Tick Control in Dogs
If your pet has a few ticks on his body, the veterinarian will remove them with the tweezers. She may also apply alcohol to the area afterward in order to clean the bite location. For an infestation of ticks, the best treatment is to apply a product called an acaricide which is poisonous to ticks and mites. If your pet has been found to have an illness transmitted to by the tick, treatment will be given accordingly.
Recovery of Ticks and Tick Control in Dogs
The importance of the dangers of ticks should be taken seriously. Your veterinarian will be able to prescribe the right product for your canine companion. Tick control can come in the form of a collar, oral medication or topical spot-on product. It is imperative that directions are closely adhered to. Toxicity to tick control products is possible if the medication dose is mistaken for example. There have also been cases of adverse reactions by pets to tick medicine, which stresses the importance of using products verified as safe by the veterinarian. There are products out there that are promoted to be all natural; if you prefer to try these control methods, be sure to let your veterinarian know and get her opinion first.
As for your home and yard, to effectively deter the tick keep your grass cut closely and do not allow branches and leaves to pile up around the home. During heavy tick season (warm spring and summer months) keep your pet on a leash and do not allow him to roam freely in areas where ticks may be flourishing.
Tick Borne Diseases in Cats
Last Updated on April 15, 2020
What are ticks?
Ticks are small ectoparasites, meaning they live on the outside of their host, and are members of the arachnid family (spiders and mites are also members of this family). There are over 800 species of tick, and their distribution is worldwide. Australia has around 70 species of tick. There are several diseases cats can pick up from tick bites which we will cover below.
Ticks feed on the blood of mammals, birds, and some reptiles. It is during the process of feeding that the tick can spread disease. Most diseases cats acquire from ticks are bacterial infections, and the tick is the intermediate host.
Then the tick feeds from an infected animal, pathogens enter the tick (via the infected blood of the host) and take up habitat in the tick’s salivary glands. Specialised mouthparts inject into the skin along with saliva, which contains anesthetic like properties as well as anticoagulants so that the host (your cat) can’t feel the bite and the blood doesn’t clot during feeding. Some ticks also inject a cement-like substance, to firmly secure themselves. When saliva enters the new host, pathogens may also be transmitted.
Ticks thrive in warm, humid, wooded areas. They are more prevalent in the summer months, although in warmer climates (such as Australia) they occur year-round.
This is the most commonly known disease that can be passed on by ticks. Caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi which lives in the blood of mammals. When the tick feeds on an infected animal (commonly a deer, rodent or raccoon) often a deer or raccoon), the bacteria are transmitted to the tick, and then passed on to the next animal it feeds on. The tick must be on the cat for 24 hours for transmission to occur, that is how long it takes the bacteria to migrate from the gut to the salivary glands.
Lyme disease is most prevalent in the Northern Hemisphere, particularly the United States. Transmission is most often via the deer tick, Ixodes dammini. All vertebrates can become infected with Lyme disease; humans and dogs are much more likely to become infected than cats.
Some cats may remain asymptomatic. In others, it can take weeks or months for symptoms to appear, which may include:
- Joint swelling
- Anorexia (loss of appetite),
- Swollen lymph nodes
Antibiotics, administered for four weeks. Some cats will be left with long-term joint pain.
Also known as bobcat fever, cytauxzoonosis is a rapidly fatal disease caused by a single-celled protozoan affecting cats in the south-central and southeastern parts of the United States. Its natural host is the bobcat, who appear to have the infection without signs. The lone star tick is responsible for transmission of this disease.
The parasite has two life stages once inside the cat: the leukocytic or tissue phase and the erythrocytic piroplasm phase. During the leukocytic phase, the parasite invades white blood cells (macrophages) throughout the body where it asexually reproduces forming schizonts. As this occurs, white blood cells dramatically increase in size, blockages occur within the small blood vessels of many vital organs resulting in tissue necrosis due to the inadequate blood supply. Schizonts develop into merozoites which break out of the white blood cells and infect the red blood cells; this stage of the disease isn’t as severe as the tissue phase.
Symptoms cytauxzoonosis appear between 5-15 days after the tick bite and can often be vague and nonspecific, but may include:
- Loss of appetite
- Difficulty breathing
- Enlarged spleen
- Pale mucous membranes
Antiprotozoal drugs to kill the parasite, and supportive care. Prognosis is guarded and many cats succumb to this disease.
Also known as rabbit fever, tularemia is an infection caused by the bacteria Francisella tularensis. This infection is of importance as it is zoonotic, which means it can be passed on from a cat (and other infected animals) to humans. Transmission can occur when the cat eats an infected animal, inhaling the bacteria from soil, drinking contaminated water and via tick bites. The four ticks involved are the wood tick, lone star tick, and the American dog tick. This disease is more prevalent in the summer months.
Symptoms appear between 1-10 days after exposure and may include
- Loss of appetite
- Enlarged lymph nodes
Antibiotics, which must be given early or the prognosis is poor.
Also known as feline infectious anemia, haemobartonellosis is a disease caused by a type of bacteria known as mycoplasma haemofelis. These unusual bacteria have no cell wall; they attach to the wall of red blood cells. The cat’s immune system recognises these foreign invaders and launches an attack, this results in the death of the red blood cell hosting the pathogen, resulting in anemia in the cat. Transmission can occur via ticks, fleas, cat bites, blood transfusions and from the mother to her kittens in utero.
Symptoms of feline infectious anemia are typically due to anemia that the cat develops and include:
- Pale mucous membranes
- Fast heart rate
- Enlarged spleen and lymph nodes
Antibiotics to kill the bacteria, corticosteroids to dampen the immune response and prevent further destruction of red blood cells.
Oxygen therapy for cats having difficulty breathing, and in severe cases, a blood transfusion may be necessary.
Babesiosis is caused by a single-celled parasite protozoa of the genus Babesia. Infection can occur via a tick bite, blood transfusion, from the mother in utero, or via a cat bite. The incubation of babesiosis is around 10-14 days. Dogs are more commonly affected than cats; the protozoa can be found in Europe, South Africa, Asia and the United States. The highest incidence is during the warmer summer months.
The parasite enters the red blood cells where it divides. Eventually, the infected red blood cells rupture, releasing merozoites, which then invade more red blood cells. The pathogenesis is hemolytic anemia, which occurs in two ways.
- Merozoites rupture and destroy the red blood cells
- The cat’s immune system destroys infected red blood cells
Symptoms can range from mild to severe, cats with poor immune systems are more at risk of developing clinical signs which may include poor coat condition, lethargy, loss of appetite and occasionally jaundice.
Anti-malarial drugs to kill the parasite. Your cat may require a blood transfusion if the anemia is serious enough.
Some species produce a neurotoxin which can cause paralysis and death in cats. Most cases of tick paralysis occur in the United States and Australia. In Australia, Ixodes holocyclus (also known as Paralysis Tick) is the species capable of causing paralysis. The two main species in America are the American Dog Tick and the Rocky Mountain Wood Tick. When the tick attaches to the host (in this case your cat), it injects a neurotoxin produced by the salivary gland into the cat. Left untreated, this can be fatal in cats.
The Australian paralysis tick causes more severe and life-threatening symptoms than the American Dog Tick or Rocky Mountain Wood Tick.
It takes between 3-5 days after the tick has attached for symptoms to develop. These may include:
- Loss of appetite
- Excessive salivation
- Dilated pupils
- Loss of ability to meow
Later stages of poisoning are
- Wobbly gait
- Laboured breathing
Without immediate and aggressive treatment, the cat will die.
- Oxygen therapy
- Supportive care
Tick paralysis is widespread along the east coast of Australia. The veterinary practice I use for my cats (in a small town) sees around 30 cases every month. Diligent tick control should be maintained, particularly in high-risk areas.
Reducing the risk
Don’t allow your cat to roam outside; keep him confined to a cat enclosure.
If he does go outside, check him daily for ticks. Start from the head and slowly work your way all along his body to the tail. Make sure you check between the toes too.
Make sure the cat is on a regular tick preventative.
Symptoms of Tick Borne Diseases
There are four major tick borne diseases that have an extensive list of associated symptoms of tick disease. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Lyme Disease are probably the most well known, but the list of tick diseases also includes Ehrlichiosis and Babesiosis. These diseases are often mistaken for other diseases depending upon the symptoms that manifest themselves at any particular stage of the disease.
Stages of Tick Disease
Acute stage typically occurs 1 to 4 weeks after infection with antibiotics being very effective at this point. The dog has flu-like symptoms including fever, no appetite, diarrhea and lameness. The dog is tender to touch, either shying away or yelping. Bloodwork will indicate decreased red blood counts, increased white blood counts and elevated liver enzymes.
Sub-acute or Sub-clinical stage is when any labwork done may show slight deviations from normal readings. The dog’s weight stabilizes and the parasite is relatively inactive. Undue amounts of stress will disrupt this inactivity and push the disease into the next stage.
The Chronic stage is when the parasite moves into attack mode, impacting the dog’s immune system. The parasite has often lived in one or more organs of the body, making it difficult to treat. At this stage, treatment is often ineffective and death is imminent.
Symptoms of Tick Disease
Tick disease has an extensive list of possible symptoms that can occur in any number of combinations. These symptoms of tick are a fever, as well as:
- Diarrhea or incontinence
- Vomiting bile (yellow and often frothy in appearance)
- Increased thirst due to dehydration
- Lack of appetite and weight loss
- Arthritis or lameness in one or all limbs
- Neck or back pain
- Swelling of the extremities
- Neurological symptoms such as seizures, obsessive/compulsive behaviors and palsied movement
- Paleness of the gums and mouth
- Problems with eyes including glassy or bloodshot eyes, retinal hemorrhaging and light sensitivity
- Discharge from the eyes or nose
- Lightening of nose color
- Nose bleeds
- Blood clotting issues even with normal blood counts
- Low or elevated white blood counts
- Low platelet counts
- Abnormal liver or kidney function test results
- Protein in urine
- Enlarged spleen or lymph nodes
- Enlarged prostate or prostatic infections in intact dogs
- Irreversible bone marrow suppression
Treatment for Tick Disease
Choice of drug is dependent on the specific tick disease infecting the dog.
Doxycycline is the drug of choice when treating Ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Lyme Disease. Dose is determined by body weight and is given twice per day for a period of 6 weeks or longer for Ehrlichiosis, for 10 to 14 days for Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and for 2 to 4 weeks for Lyme Disease.
Imizol is an injectable used for treating Babesiosis. Care must be used as dehydration can cause toxicity in the kidneys when using this drug.
Tick borne diseases are most successfully treated when diagnosed in the early stages. As the disease progresses it can have progressively detrimental and irreversible affects on your dog, often leading to death. If you suspect tick disease, see your veterinarian for immediate consultation and treatment.
Common types of ticks in the UK
By Gemma Hopkins on 19 December 2016
Ticks in the UK pose a very real threat to the health and welfare of your dog’s life. It is now estimated that a third of UK dogs can have a tick on them, the disease-spreading arachnids that feed on your furry friend’s blood and pass on infections as they do.
Typically located in long grass, rough upland and woodland whilst waiting for a chance to pounce onto an unwitting host, the tick is a pest of which every dog owner needs to be wary. In the UK, these are the ticks you’ll most likely encounter, but hopefully avoid entirely.
With a name like that, you’d be forgiven for thinking this tick had hopped straight from a Harry Potter novel. But, believe us, there’s nothing magical about these teeny beasts. It’s known in Europe as the castor bean tick, but is more commonly referred to in the UK as the sheep tick or deer tick as it loves to feed on these animals. Nevertheless, this species is not too fussy and will latch onto any passing animal – or human – as a host to provide their bloody sustenance. The sheep tick accounts for 71% of the ticks affecting dogs in the UK.
Spotting the critter can be a tough task when it first gets onto an animal as its rather small, but as it feeds it gets bigger and bigger (it resembles a castor bean when fully gorged). Reddish brown in colour, with a lifespan of three years, the female can produce up to 2,000 eggs in one mating session. They’re mostly active from the spring through till the autumn.
Although they dwell typically in rural locations such as grassland, moorlands, heaths, woods and shrubbery, the species increasingly can be found in urban areas and likes really damp areas with high humidity. With Britain’s persistent wet weather, you can see how this species thrives in our climate. Most notable for transmitting the hugely debilitating Lyme Disease, Ixodes ricinus is a smorgasbord of infection dogs.
The hard-bodied tick accounts for 27% of the ticks affecting the UK’s furry friends. Known colloquially as the hedgehog tick (on which the majority are found), it’s more commonly found on cats, due to the tick’s urban infestation. They nest almost exclusively on their unsuspecting host, are slightly bigger than the sheep tick (up to 4mm in length) and brown and white in appearance. They are also responsible for passing on serious ailments such as Lyme Disease, which can cause severe discomfort for your dog, with a variety of non-specific symptoms including joint swelling and lameness.
Cross off the ticks
The two species mentioned above make up the bulk of Britain’s ticks. However, the meadow tick or ornate dog tick (Dermacentor reticulates) is equally nasty and hit the headlines recently as they transmit a nasty disease called babesiosis and dogs were affected in Essex. Unfortunately, warmer climates and more frequent pet travel may be responsible for bringing in more tick species carrying ever more dangerous diseases.
What to do next?
The good news is that help is available. Whilst vigilance can keep the contagious menace at bay, it’s best to have sound professional knowledge from an animal welfare expert who’ll know a thing or three about preventing these parasites and their infections. Routine preventative treatment with the right product will give everyone peace of mind
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Lyme Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment for People and Pets
How to Safely Remove a Tick
- Using fine-tipped tweezers, grasp the tick as close to the skin’s surface as possible.
- Pull upward with steady, even pressure. Don’t twist or jerk the tick. Your goal is to remove the entire tick, ideally in one piece, including the mouth parts embedded under the skin.
- Thoroughly clean the bite area and your hands with rubbing alcohol, an iodine scrub, or soap and water.
Not all ticks carry Lyme disease, and some ticks carry other diseases. To avoid infecting yourself, never crush a tick with your fingers. For more information on the safe removal, disposal and identification of ticks visit CDC.gov/ticks.
Tick-borne diseases such as Lyme disease are on the rise. Reported cases in the United States increased from about 12,000 annually in 1995 to approximately 36,000 per year from 2013 — 2016, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As reported cases are only a fraction of actual cases, CDC believes the true number of infections is likely closer to 300,000.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates products that are used to help diagnose and treat this complex disease in humans. There are no licensed vaccines in the United States to aid in the prevention of Lyme disease in people.
Who Gets Lyme Disease, and at What Time of Year?
Lyme disease is transmitted via the bite of infected ticks, which attach to any part of the body, but often to moist or hairy areas such as the groin, armpits, and scalp.
While everyone is susceptible to tick bites, campers, hikers, and people who work in gardens and other leafy outdoor venues are at the greatest risk of tick bites. As many a suburban gardener can attest, with the expansion of the suburbs and a push to conserve wooded areas, deer and mice populations are thriving, too, providing ample blood meals for ticks. For lyme disease to be transmitted, a tick needs to feed on the host for 24-48 hours.
In the majority of cases, tick bites are reported in the summer months when ticks are most active and people spend more time outdoors. But this can extend into the warmer months of early autumn, too, or even late winter if temperatures are unusually high. Similarly, a mild winter can allow ticks, much like other insects, to thrive and emerge earlier than usual.
Lyme Disease: Symptoms and Stages
Symptoms of early-stage Lyme disease include:
- muscle and joint aches
- swollen lymph nodes
Another common symptom of Lyme disease is a rash (referred to as “Erythema migrans”). As many as 80% of infected people may develop a rash, and roughly 20% of the time the rash has a characteristic “bull’s-eye” appearance.
When left untreated, infection can spread to joints, the heart, and the nervous system.
Later-stage symptoms may not appear until weeks or months after a tick bite occurs. They include:
- heart-rhythm irregularities
- arthritis (usually as pain and swelling in large joints, especially the knee)
- nervous system abnormalities
Permanent damage to the joints or the nervous system can develop in patients with late Lyme disease. It is rarely, if ever, fatal.
Lyme Disease Test and Treatment
If you think you may have Lyme disease, contact your physician right away.
Your doctor may do a test for Lyme disease. The FDA regulates diagnostic tests to ensure that they are safe and effective. It’s important to know that blood tests that check for antibodies (produced by the body to fight infection) to the bacterium that causes Lyme disease are not useful if done soon after a tick bite. It typically takes 2 to 5 weeks after a tick bite for initial antibodies to develop.
For this reason, your doctor may recommend treatment with antibiotics before the diagnostic tests are complete. According to the CDC, patients treated with appropriate antibiotics in the early stages of Lyme disease usually recover rapidly and completely.
What Precautions Can I Take Against Tick Bites?
- Avoid wooded, brushy, and grassy areas, especially in May, June, and July.
- Wear light-colored clothing so that you can see ticks that get on you.
- Wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts, and shoes that cover the entire foot.
- Tuck pant legs into socks or shoes, and tuck shirts into pants.
- Wear a hat for extra protection.
- Spray insect repellent containing DEET on clothes and uncovered skin.
- Walk in the center of trails to avoid brush and grass.
- Remove your clothing, and wash and dry them at high temperatures after being outdoors.
- Do a careful body check for ticks after outdoor activities.
Lyme Disease in Dogs and Other Pets
Household pets can get Lyme disease, too. Typical symptoms in animals include swollen joints and lameness, fever, and loss of appetite. Experts in the FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) say that dogs with Lyme disease occasionally develop serious kidney disease that can be fatal.
There are ways you can reduce your pet’s risk for tick bites and Lyme disease. Regularly checking pets for all types of ticks, for instance, reduces the risk of infection for both pet and owner. Avoid allowing your dog to roam in tick-infested areas.
Topical, oral and/or collar products are also very important in preventing Lyme disease in dogs.
There are two basic types of Lyme disease vaccines available for dogs. Talk to your veterinarian to see if vaccination is appropriate for your dog. There is no vaccination for cats, which do not seem susceptible to Lyme disease.