Birds Online — Health and diseases — Parasite infestation — Blood-sucking mites (red mites)

Parrot mite: dangerous parasites for budgies

The red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) measures between 0.7 and 1.1 mm in length. It crawls across the body of the bird on its eight legs and feeds on the bird’s blood. During the day, these tiny parasites hide in corners inside the cage or in crevices in perches where they reproduce. The development of the red mite from egg to larvae in temperatures of about 70°F lasts only two days. If the temperature is between 48° and 59°F, it takes five days for the larvae to develop.

Since the red mite is active during the night, it cannot be traced on the bird during the day. A budgie suffering from these mites is extremely restless at night, does not get any sleep and scratches itself often. During the day, the bird sleeps often and appears to be exhausted and depressed. If the bird sleeps little during the night, this can be seen by the distribution of its droppings inside the cage. In order to trace these mites, a white piece of cloth should be draped over the cage which should be checked during the night for any suspicious small red dots walking across the cloth.

Another method for finding the red mite is the masking of the corners of the cage or aviary with tape. The red mite gets stuck on the sticky tape and can be seen as tiny red dots. Dead mites tend to turn dark relatively quick.

A therapy in the classic sense of the word does not exist for the bird itself. It is important to rid the cage, environment and accessories of the mites. It is advisable to move the bird immediately into a different cage that contains new cups, perches, swings and probably new toys. This cage should not be kept in the same spot in your apartment where the mite-infested cage used to stand. The surrounding environment can also be mite-infested and these have to get rid of before the bird can return to its old place.

Clean and disinfect everything that the bird got into touch with. Especially drinking containers and cage should be treated with hot water and a brush. It is advisable to throw out the perches and swings and to get the litter-bag out of the apartment right away. Furthermore, you will need a contact poison that you will get from your avian vet. This poison kills the mites as soon as they get in touch with it. It is important to use the precise dosage since the bird might otherwise be poisoned.

It is usually not necessary to tread the bird itself or to make it endure a poison-cloud, so do not spray any treatment onto the bird itself! This might actually do only harm! Consult your vet on the appropriate method for exterminating the mites.

Attention: The red mite also affects humans! If your bird is suffering from the mites and you notice an itchy rash on your skin, it is very likely that the parasites are not limited to the cage. The best way to prevent an invasion of the red mite in your home is by getting active at the first signs of mites affecting your bird!

German version of this text: Gaby Schulemann-Maier,
translation of this chapter: Melanie Ebenhoch.

www.birds-online.de

Parrot mite: dangerous parasites for budgies

One reason that bird owners love their pets so much is because of their beautiful plumage. So it shouldn’t be surprising to find that many bird owners are very upset when their birds develop feather problems. At the first signs of feather abnormalities, the bird owner may come to the pet retailer to seek a remedy or solution to the feather problems. There are many causes of damaged or missing feathers, and often, the bird owner thinks first of mites or lice. Unfortunately, in most cases, infestation with these little insects is not the problem.

Feather problems can be caused by a bird over-preening its feathers, by a bird chewing, mutilating or pulling out feathers (on itself or a cage-mate), by improper perch placement in the cage (resulting in broken tail or wing feathers), by viral diseases (such as Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease, PBFD, or polyomavirus), by bacterial skin infection, fungal skin infection (rarely), nutritional problems, metabolic disease (such as hypothyroidism), protozoal diseases (such as infestation with Giardia), toxins and mite and lice. So, you can see that feather problems can be the result of a myriad of different factors, and sometimes can be quite complex to solve.

Pet bird owners seem to often have an irrational fear of external parasites on their feathered friends! So, when an owner comes in for advice regarding feather problems, it is important to allay their fears regarding mites and lice. First of all, mites and lice are quite uncommon in pet birds (with the exception of a type of mite that may be found in budgies). And if a bird does have a problem with mites or lice, in most cases, the critters only live on the bird and don’t bite humans or other pets, and they are easily eradicated. (There are exceptions to this, but we’ll cover those later).

When you are asked to counsel a bird owner regarding the possibility of the pet suffering from a parasitic infestation with mites or lice, it is important to closely examine the bird’s skin and feathers. In addition to examination of the bird, the cage and environment must also be evaluated? Does the owner smoke? Handling a bird after smoking may transfer tars and nicotine to the bird’s skin and feathers, resulting in problems, for example. It helps tremendously if you have a source of magnification and illumination to better help you observe the bird’s feathers and skin. Unless you can visualize mites, lice or nits on a bird’s skin or feathers, or the characteristic powdery lesions on the skin of infested budgies, it is best to recommend that the owner take the bird to an avian veterinarian for evaluation. Since many feather problems are the result of a disease process other than mites, you will be doing the bird owner a big favor by suggesting a trip to their vet.

If a bird does not have mites or lice, there is no need to exercise any special caution or provide any type of product for their prevention. Some mite repellants contain mothball-like compounds that can be toxic to birds or may even cause liver cancer. However, if you do discover an external parasite problem, you should have a basic understanding of these types of insects in order to best advise your customers.

The most commonly encountered mite is the scaly face mange mite of budgerigars, called Knemidokoptes pilae . It is found on the cere (that fleshy portion of skin over the beak where the nostrils are situated), the skin around the beak, around the vent and also on the legs. This mite burrows in the skin, causing a powdery appearance to the skin, and if you look closely, you will see a honey-comb pattern of holes in the skin, representing burrows and tunnels caused by the mites. These lesions are usually not itchy. Rarely, these mites may be found on other species of psittacine bird. The Knemidokoptes mites may also cause lesions on the bottom surface of the feet of affected canaries and goldfinches, and sometimes lesions occur on the leg scales, as well. This is commonly called «tasselfoot» in these species.

Diagnosis is usually confirmed by skin scrapings performed in a veterinary office, and then examined under a microscope. Older remedies included applying mineral oil or ointment to the lesions, to suffocate the mites living under the skin. Treatment of choice is the administration of ivermectin, either by injection, orally or topically. This should be administered by an avian veterinarian, based on the precise weight (in grams) of an infested bird, dosed carefully after calculation of the exact amount of medication necessary. Treatment should be repeated at 7-10 day intervals for at least 3-4 treatment. If the mites have deformed the beak, it may need to be trimmed by a vet, as well. Although these mites are not thought to be easily contagious, it is best to treat all birds in the cage with an infested bird. The mites cannot live off of the bird and they cannot cause problems in humans or other species of animals.

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There is one mite that you cannot easily see. The air sac mite of canaries and finches (especially Lady Gouldian finches) actually live in the respiratory tract of these birds. The mites can be visualized by shining a small, bright focused light across the windpipe (trachea). The mites will appear as grains of pepper (possibly moving) inside the trachea. The mites are also found in the lungs and airsacs. A small number of mites may cause no obvious signs, but if a bird suffers from a serious infestation, it may open-mouth breathe, tail-bob or have difficulty breathing. Transmission is thought to occur from the bird coughing the mites up into the mouth, or by the mites crawling into the mouth, where they are wiped from the beak by a bird during feeding or rubbing the beak along perches, where they may be transferred to another bird. A parent bird may pass mites to its offspring through feeding. If a mite or egg is swallowed, the specimen may be observed in a fecal test by microscopic examination. Often, air sac mites are diagnosed at necropsy. Treatment by an avian veterinarian may be attempted using invermectin, dosed precisely. However, if a large number of mites all die at one time, this may cause a fatal reaction in the infested bird. Older treatment consisted of making a light cloud of 5% carbaryl, and allowing the bird to briefly inhale it. All birds in a cage with a bird diagnosed with air sac mites should be treated at 10 day intervals for at least three doses. A cage containing infested birds should be thoroughly disinfected. If your store sells canaries and finches, it is a good idea to establish a routine examination and treatment schedule with your avian vet to control these elusive bugs.

One other type of mite may be seen in pet and aviary birds. This is called the red mite ( Dermanyssus ). This nasty mite bites birds and sucks their blood. Red mites may be found on any species of bird. Most recently, I diagnosed red mites in a breeding aviary of Queen of Bavaria conures. They feed at night, which often makes the bird restless and itchy. The mites may be found crawling around on the skin or feathers at night. If a bird is examined during the day, no mites may be present on the bird. The easiest way to diagnose them is by covering the cage at night with a white sheet. Examination of the sheet in the morning will show tiny brown or red specks about the size of a grain of pepper if the bird has red mites. After the mites take a blood meal from the bird, they will crawl off into cracks in the cage or perches, nest boxes or even into other areas of the home in the morning. I have seen these mites infest an entire New York City apartment! Unfortunately, red mites aren’t very fussy about who or what they take their blood meal from! They can bite and feed on human blood, as well as the blood of household pets. During the day, mites can get into furniture, carpeting and woodwork, where they lay their eggs. Clean-up requires removal of the mites from the environment as well as from the birds. Birds may be treated with ivermectin at 7-10 day intervals, or a pyrethrin spray or 5% carbaryl powder may be used on the bird. Because the mites suck blood, an avian veterinarian should be consulted, as the bird may be anemic from continued blood loss! Although unlikely, the mites could transmit certain other diseases to birds, as well.

In addition to mites, occasionally lice may be observed on bird feathers. In general, lice are not as dangerous to birds as mites are, and they are host species-specific. There are biting lice and sucking lice. Lice commonly encountered in pet birds are the biting kind, and are found on the feather shafts of infested birds. They eat scales or bits of feather, resulting in poor feather quality with serious infestation, although feathers may appear normal if just a few lice are present. Because they are species-specific, this means that if you find lice on cockatiels, there should be very little worry that the lice will spread to other species of birds in the store or home. Lice are usually elongated, whereas mites are more round in shape. The most common feather lice found on birds are usually seen attached to the underside of feathers, along the vanes. They don’t easily move around on the bird. Diagnosis is made by observing the lice or their eggs on the underside of wing and tail feathers. These lice are easily treated by the use of 5% carbaryl dust, pyrethrin spray or ivermectin. Several doses 7-10 days apart may be necessary to eradicate lice as they hatch out on the feathers. They complete their life-cycle on the bird and are not a problem for other types of animals. It is a good idea to clean and disinfect the cage housing infested birds. Young birds may be infested by their parents in the nest, or the lice may pass from bird to bird by close contact.

One other parasitic insect that you may encounter in pet birds is the stick-tight flea. While not a mite or louse, you might see a bird, dog or cat with them. They appear as small brown, raised, shiny dots on the bare skin of a bird, or on the tips of the ears of infested dogs or cats. These fleas are most commonly found on poultry, and for a pet bird to become infested, it must have close contact with infested chickens or their coops. Treatment may be instituted with pyrethrin spray or ivermectin.

Several products are available for you to sell to customers with mite or lice problems. The safest and most effective products should contain a percentage of insecticide (pyrethrins or carbaryl) that is safe for birds, yet will kill the parasites. Sprays or dusts are safest. Ointments generally should not be used on birds, because if spread over feathers, they will prevent proper thermoregulation of the body temperature by the bird. Any products for use on birds should not contain lidocaine (a topical anesthetic that is toxic to birds even in very low doses). Products safe to kill parasites in cages and cage equipment can be offered to assist the owner with their problem. If you see mites or lice on a pet bird brought in to your store, you will never go wrong by recommending that the customer take the bird to an avian vet for diagnosis of the specific type of bug present, since it is now obvious to you that different insect parasites require different treatments.

If an infested bird has come into your store with a customer, don’t panic. If you have handled the bird, thoroughly wash your hands and arms with hot, soapy antibacterial soap. If you held the bird against your body, it might be a good idea to change your shirt and wash that one in a hot washing machine, just to be on the safe side. Unless the bird has had close contact with store birds, the risk to those birds is minimal.

As a pet retailer, it is good practice to perform a complete external examination of every bird destined for sale that comes into your store. If this is done, you should catch many problems right off the bat, allowing you to address them before things go very wrong. If mites or lice are seen, follow your store protocol or the directions given to you by the avian vet that you use. That way, you’ll have one less thing to bug you.

www.exoticpetvet.net

Scaly Leg Mites / Tassle Foot / Depluming Scabies

Index of Bird Diseases . Symptoms and Potential Causes . Bird Species and Diseases They are Most Susceptible to . Bird Health Care . Glossary of Avian Medical Terms . Medications Used in Avian and Exotic Medicine and Pharmaceutical Terms

Also refer to «Bumble Foot» and Scaly Face Mites

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Scaly Leg is most commonly caused by Knemidokoptes — also spelled Cnemidocoptes, which are eight-legged microscopic mites that are related to spiders, ticks and scorpions — but obviously much smaller in size. They burrow in the feet and legs, but may also affect the vent and face.

Different species of mites affect different species of birds. Knemidokoptes are most frequently found in budgies; however, they have also been reported in other species of birds. In canaries and finches, the same mite causes a condition commonly called ‘Tassle Foot’. It is also likely that some birds are genetically more susceptible to these mites than others.

These mites are very contagious; therefore, if one bird has it, all birds that it came in contact with need to be treated.

Secondary bacterial infection and arthritis may occur.

It is thought that in many instances, these mites are acquired in the nest, with the infection remaining latent for a long period of time. Early signs of this disease may be seen after six to twelve months.

Disease Progression

  • Scaly leg mites bore under the scales on the legs of the bird.
  • Feet or legs have a crusty, scaly appearance, which may also sometimes appear around the vent and wing tips (as well as the face and beak).
  • Legs / feet may look swollen.
  • The claws may become overgrown and cracked.
  • The scales may become infected.
  • Heavy scaling and overgrown claws can result in lameness / reduced mobility, inability to perch and increased discomfort in the bird.
  • In Canaries, their legs develop thickened areas that look more like corns.
    • NOTE: Older canaries can naturally develop scaly legs that don’t have anything to do with mites, but are instead an indication of a build-up of calcium salt between the scales of a canary’s feet and legs. Younger canaries usually don’t have these scales, although some canaries are susceptible to having the calcium salt metabolism problem their whole life. However, as a general rule, scaly legs in YOUNG canaries are most often (but not always) associated with scaly leg mites.
  • In Pigeons, a type of knemidokoptes causes severe itching and this is often referred to as «depluming scabies». These mites tunnel into feather follicles and feather shafts causing severe itching and feather loss.
  • The lesions typically develop very slowly, so that an infected bird may appear normal for a long period of time.
  • Advanced infestations spread to the unfeathered parts of the body.
  • If left untreated, the bird will succumb to the disease.

Diagnosis

  • The vet will take a scraping of the affected areas. The mites are present and are visible under a microscope.
  • Advanced cases have characteristic crusty / scaly lesions.

Other possible causes:

  • Any swellings can be caused by strangulated fibers or insect bites.
  • Nutritional Deficiency : Birds deficient in vitamin A are particularly susceptible to this condition. Seeds are typically low in vitamin A. This vitamin promotes appetite, digestion, and also increases resistance to infection and to some parasites.

The most obvious sign of a vitamin A deficiency is a feather stain above the cere. The staining of the feathers above the nostrils reflects a discharge from the nostrils. Subtle differences may be seen as far as the color intensity of the cere and feathers is concerned — and the overall condition of the plumage. A bird deficient in this vitamin may have pale, rough-looking feathers that lack luster. The cere may look rough instead of smooth, and you may see an accumulation of a yellow dry scale on the sides of the beak.

Please refer to «Bird Nutrition» for food items rich in Vitamin B.

Species Research by Sibylle Johnson

Information contained on this website is provided as general reference only. For application to specific circumstances, professional advice should be sought.

Please Note: The articles or images on this page are the sole property of the authors or photographers. Please contact them directly with respect to any copyright or licensing questions. Thank you.

www.beautyofbirds.com

Anti-Parasite Spot On — Small Birds

A convenient spot-on treatment for small birds such as Canaries and Budgies.

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This treatment contains ivermectin and comes in two pre-diluted pipettes to make them easy to use.

To use them, squeeze the pipette’s contents onto your Parrot’s back to eliminate external parasites such as mites, lice, fleas and ticks and internal parasites such as roundworm.

  • — Budgies
  • — Lovebirds
  • Please remember this information is for size guidance only — you know your bird best!

General
Contains ivermectin (10ug per pipette), and is suitable for use on birds weighing 20-50g. It is effective against roundworms, feather lice, red (blood) mites, feather mites, air sac mites and mange mites (scaly face) for up to 4 weeks after treatment.

Please Note:
DO NOT USE on birds weighing less than 20g (e.g. Small Finches).
This pack contains 2 pipettes.

How to Use
Twist off the cap and apply entire contents of the pipette to the base of the feathers, on the bird`s neck.
While squeezing out the contents, spread the solution over as great a surface of the skin as possible.
Apply one pipette per bird. The pack contains 2 treatments. Treatment can be repeated after 4 weeks.

Use only on birds weighing 20-50g. For cage and aviary birds weighing more than 50g, use Anti-Parasite Medium or Large.
Do not use on other species of animals.
Do not use on sick or convalescing birds.
If signs of disease persist or appear following treatment consult a veterinary surgeon.

Storage
Store below 25C. Keep in original container out of sunlight.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Dispose of empty pipettes in household rubbish.

www.northernparrots.com

Beaphar Bird Parasite Treatments

Images are for illustration purposes only. Packaging may change from time to time and images on our website may or may not be updated.

Selection of 4 products from

Estimated dispatch within 3 to 9 working days.

Estimated dispatch within 3 to 9 working days.

Estimated dispatch within 3 to 9 working days.

Estimated dispatch within 2 to 6 working days.

Description

These treatments include spot-on, multi-parasite treatments as well as a water soluble treatment for roundworms and hair worms which can be added to drinking water. They are all suitable for use in parrots, parakeets, small aviary birds etc.

The water soluble product contains levamisole and is ideal for dissolving in drinking water to treat aviary birds, or birds which it is too difficult or stressful to catch. Dilute the product as directed on the label and provide the medicated drinking water for 24 hours. This should be repeated at least twice a year for birds prone to round worms (such as Australian parakeets).

The spot-on treatments contain ivermectin which is absorbed through the skin and is able to treat internal and external parasites over the entire body surface. Effective against parasites such as mites, lice, ticks, fleas and worms living in the gut. The spot-on only needs to be applied in one place, such as on the skin of the back of the neck. Simply part the feathers and empty the pipette onto the skin. The active ingredient is absorbed into the bird and kills parasites wherever they are.

Bird size guidelines

Please be aware the following is just a guide to which spot-on should be used on which bird. Weighing your bird will give you the best idea.

  • Large Bird (300 — 750g) — African Grey Parrots, Amazon Parrots, Macaws, Cockatoos.
  • Medium Bird (50 — 300g) — Mini Macaws, other African Parrots, Conures, Cockatiels, Parakeets, Rainbow Lorys.
  • Small Bird (20 — 50g) — Lovebirds, Budgerigars, Parrotlets, Lineolated Parakeets.

Beaphar Anti-Parasite Spot On Small (Canary/Budgie)

Overview

Active Ingredient: Ivermectin 10ug per pipette. Beaphar Anti-Parasite Spot on for small birds is a veterinary medicine containing Ivermectin (10ug per pipette), which is effective against roundworms, feather lice, red (blood) mites, feather mites, air sac mites and mange mites (scaly face) for up to 4 weeks after treatment. This pack contains 2 pipettes, and is suitable for use on birds weighing 20-50g.

How To Use

Twist off the cap and apply entire contents of pipette to the base of the feathers, on the bird’s neck. Birds’ feathers are adapted to shed rain and this same principle will cause the bird spot-on to run-off if applied superficially. It is important that the solution be applied onto the skin or soft down feathers, otherwise it will not work. While squeezing out the contents, spread the solution over as great a surface of the skin as possible. A small bird will be quite damp after application, so keep your bird warm until dry. A second treatment should not be required, but if it is, leave 4 weeks before re-applying.

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Health + Safety

Storage: Do not store above 25 °C. Keep in original container, out of sunlight. Dispose of empty pipettes in household rubbish. Warnings: Keep out of reach of children. For animal treatment only. Use only on birds weighing 20-50g. This would typically include the stockier breeds of canary, budgerigars, or smaller lovebirds. It is an excellent product for clearing airsac mites in Gouldian Finches over 20g. Please be aware that some of the lighter finches will probably weigh less than 20g, and this product should not be used. For cage and aviary bird weighing more than 50g, use Anti-Parasite Medium. For birds weighing more than 300g use Anti-Parasite Large. Do not use on other species of animal. Do not use on sick or convalescing birds. Serious reactions, including deaths, have been reported in dogs (especially Collies, Old English Sheep Dogs & related breeds), tortoises & turtles treated with products containing the active substance. Avoid contact with eyes. Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water following treatment. If signs of disease persist or appear following treatment, consult a veterinary surgeon. When treating for external parasites, consider treating the cage/aviary with a suitable product.

Beaphar Anti-Parasite Spot On Medium (Parakeet / Mynah)

Overview

Active Ingredient: Ivermectin 25ug per pipette. Beaphar Anti-Parasite Spot On for medium sized birds is a veterinary medicine containing Ivermectin (25ug per pipette), which is effective against roundworms, feather lice, red (blood) mites, feather mites, air sac mites and mange mites (scaly face) for up to 4 weeks after treatment. This pack contains 2 pipettes, and is suitable for use on birds weighing 50-250g.

How To Use

Twist off the cap and apply entire contents of pipette to the base of the feathers, on the bird’s neck. Birds feathers are adapted to shed rain and this same principle will cause the bird spot-on to run-off if applied superficially. It is important that the solution be applied onto the skin or soft down feathers, otherwise it will not work. While squeezing out the contents, spread the solution over as great a surface of the skin as possible. — For parakeets, apply one pipette per bird. — For rosellas, quails and mynah birds, use up to 2 pipettes per bird (apply one pipette per 50-125g bodyweight). Treatment can be repeated after 4 weeks.

Health + Safety

Storage: Do not store above 25 °C. Keep in original container, out of sunlight. Dispose of empty pipettes in household rubbish. Warnings: Keep out of reach of children. For animal treatment only. Use only on birds weighing 20-50g. This would typically include the stockier breeds of canary, budgerigars, or smaller lovebirds. It is an excellent product for clearing airsac mites in Gouldian Finches over 20g. Please be aware that some of the lighter finches will probably weigh less than 20g, and this product should not be used. For cage and aviary bird weighing more than 50g, use Anti-Parasite Medium. For birds weighing more than 300g use Anti-Parasite Large. Do not use on other species of animal. Do not use on sick or convalescing birds. Serious reactions, including deaths, have been reported in dogs (especially Collies, Old English Sheep Dogs & related breeds), tortoises & turtles treated with products containing the active substance. Avoid contact with eyes. Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water following treatment. If signs of disease persist or appear following treatment, consult a veterinary surgeon. When treating for external parasites, consider treating the cage/aviary with a suitable product.

Beaphar Anti-Parasite Spot On Large (Parrot)

Overview

Active Ingredient: Ivermectin 150ug per pipette. Beaphar Anti-Parasite Spot On for large birds is a veterinary medicine containing Ivermectin (150ug per pipette), which is effective against roundworms, feather lice, red (blood) mites, feather mites, air sac mites and mange mites (scaly face) for up to 4 weeks after treatment. This pack contains 2 pipettes, and is suitable for use on birds weighing 300-750g.

How To Use

Twist off the cap and apply entire contents of pipette to the base of the feathers, on the bird’s neck. Birds feathers are adapted to shed rain and this same principle will cause the bird spot-on to run-off if applied superficially. It is important that the solution be applied onto the skin or soft down feathers, otherwise it will not work. While squeezing out the contents, spread the solution over as great a surface of the skin as possible. Treatment can be repeated after 4 weeks.

Health + Safety

Storage: Do not store above 25 °C. Keep in original container, out of sunlight. Dispose of empty pipettes in household rubbish. Warnings: Keep out of reach of children. For animal treatment only. Use only on birds weighing 20-50g. This would typically include the stockier breeds of canary, budgerigars, or smaller lovebirds. It is an excellent product for clearing airsac mites in Gouldian Finches over 20g. Please be aware that some of the lighter finches will probably weigh less than 20g, and this product should not be used. For cage and aviary bird weighing more than 50g, use Anti-Parasite Medium. For birds weighing more than 300g use Anti-Parasite Large. Do not use on other species of animal. Do not use on sick or convalescing birds. Serious reactions, including deaths, have been reported in dogs (especially Collies, Old English Sheep Dogs & related breeds), tortoises & turtles treated with products containing the active substance. Avoid contact with eyes. Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water following treatment. If signs of disease persist or appear following treatment, consult a veterinary surgeon. When treating for external parasites, consider treating the cage/aviary with a suitable product.

Beaphar Bird Wormer

Overview

Active Ingredient: Levamisole hydrochloride 1% w/v. Beaphar Bird Wormer is a veterinary medicine containing Levamisole hydrochloride (1% w/v), and is effective against roundworms (Ascaridia) and hairworms (Capillaria) in all types of cage and aviary birds. Its use is particularly recommended for parakeets, cockatiels and lovebirds. Worms may be tolerated by older birds who may show few apparent symptoms, but can be fatal for younger individuals. If you intend breeding we highly recommend worming all birds, and pressure washing or disinfecting the aviary floor to clear the microscopic worm eggs that will be in the environment & will otherwise re-infect your stock. The bottle contains sufficient wormer to treat 100 canaries, or 2-3 parrots.

How To Use

Beaphar wormer can be given to birds either directly into the beak, using the pipette provided, or by dissolving the correct amount in their drinking water. Dosing birds directly into the beak: NB minimum dose is one drop; birds must weigh at least 12.5g each. Administer one drop for every 12.5g bodyweight. For example: Type of Bird Weight of Bird No. of drops to give Canary 25g 2 Budgie 40-50g 4 Parakeet 40-100g 4-8 Parrot 100-1000g 8-80 Dosing birds via the drinking water: Dissolve 4ml (80 drops) wormer in 100ml water. Fill drinking bowl / bottle with this solution, and remove any bathing water for the duration of treatment. Canaries, finches, etc: Provide no other water or moist food for 24 hours, and allow the bird(s) to drink as they wish. Repeat one week later, if necessary. Budgies, parakeets and parrots: Provide no other water or moist food for 48 hours, and allow the bird(s) to drink as they wish. Repeat once every 4 weeks in the presence of heavy infections.

Health + Safety

Warnings: For animal treatment only. Use only on cage and aviary birds weighing more than 12.5g. Do not use on other species of animal. Do not use on sick or convalescing birds.

www.viovet.co.uk

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