Bed bug bites: Five signs to look for and how to get rid of them

Bed bug bites: Have you been bitten? Five signs to look for and how to get rid of them

BED bugs bites can cause great irritation, but unless you spot an infestation and get rid of them, the problem will keep occurring. Because bed bugs are difficult to spot, the best way to identify you have a problem is by looking at your bites. There are five signs to look for.

Bed bug bites are small insects that live in the cracks and crevices in and around beds.

They can be difficult to spot for a number of reasons — one being that they crawl out at night and bite exposed skin.

Bed bugs are also very small, with adult bedbugs only growing up to 5mm long — a similar size to an apple seed.

One of the best indicators you have bed bugs is to distinguish the bites. The NHS lists five signs that show you’ve been bitten.

Related articles

Bed bug bites are small insects that live in the cracks and crevices in and around beds

The first, is the bites can cause itchy red bumps not he skin.

Secondly, they usually occur on exposed areas such as the face, neck, hands or arms.

Thirdly, they often occur in lines across the skin.

The fourth sign is they may cause a rash or fluid-filled blisters in more severe cases.

Finally, bed bug bites can become infected with bacteria if scratched. Signs of infection when this happens include pain, increasing redness and swelling.

The health body adds: “The bites usually fade in a few days. If they’re very itchy, you can buy a mild steroid cream (such as hydrocortisone) or antihistamine tablets to relieve the itch.

Bed bug bites: How do you know if you’ve been bitten? (Image: GETTY)

“See your GP if you develop signs of a skin infection, including pain, redness and swelling, as you may need antibiotics.”

You can try and spot the presence of bed bugs in your bed. You may be able to spot the small bugs or tiny white eggs. A bright torch can help with this.

Tiny black spots on your mattress may also be apparent — this could be their dried poo — or you may spot blood spots on your sheets if a bug has been squashed after it’s fed.

An unpleasant, musty smell in your bedroom can also indicate an infestation.

Related articles

Bed bug bites: Also look out for tiny white eggs on your mattress (Image: GETTY)

Bed bugs: How to spot them and how to get rid of them

Bed bugs: What are bed bugs? How to spot an infestation and how to get rid of them.

Bed bugs: How to spot them and how to get rid of them

First, wash infested clothes or bed linen at 60C or put them in a dryer on a hot setting for 30 minutes.

Next, use a vacuum cleaner with a hose to suck up any bugs you can see. Proceed to dispose of the contents of the vacuum cleaner in a sealed bag.

Consider throwing away any mattress or furniture that’s heavily infested.

Use plastic mattress covers that encase the entire mattress — this will stop any bed bugs getting in or out.

If you’re looking to prevent bed bug infestations, make sure to inspect your mattress and bed regularly for signs of an infestation and get professional advice if you think you have bed bugs.

Avoid buying second-hand mattresses and carefully inspect second-hand furniture before bringing it in your home.

Finally, keep your bedroom tidy and remove clutter.

Horsefly bites have also been common this year. The bites are painful and itchy, but there are five other signs you may have been bitten.

www.express.co.uk

Insects in the City

The best in science-based, pest management solutions from Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

Bed bugs in your hotel… what to do after?

Bed bug, Cimex lectularis

Imagine that you’re traveling and staying in a nice hotel. The next morning you discover bites and confirm that your room has bed bugs. What do you do? This is an increasingly common problem for travelers, as well as a nightmare for the hotel industry.

Recently a question came into our office from a person with just this experience. She had stayed in a hotel with bed bugs. Immediately after returning home she called her local health department and was advised to discard all her personal belonging if she didn’t want to bring the bed bugs home. She did this, and is now fighting with hotel management for reimbursement of the cost of her lost personal items.

See also:  Steam Cleaning, How to Use Steam Cleaners, Cleanipedia

While you should be legitimately concerned about bringing bed bugs home from a stay in an infested hotel, there are easier, less drastic solutions. After reporting the infestation to the hotel, there are several things you can do to protect yourself if you suspect you’ve stayed in a bed bug infested room:

  • First, don’t panic. Not everyone who stays in a bed bug infested room will take bed bugs home. Nevertheless, it’s a good idea to act as if you may have picked up a stray bed bug or two. The most likely place to pick up bed bugs in luggage is on, or next to, the bed. If you kept your luggage away from the bed, say on the luggage rack in the closet, your risk will be lower.
  • Luggage should be kept in the garage or on an outdoor porch when arriving home. At your convenience take out washables and place in a garbage bag for direct transport to the washing machine. Place clothing in the washer and run on the high temperature cycle for at least 30 minutes. Placing in a drier on the HOT setting for 30 minutes (7.7 lb load) will also kill bed bugs and their eggs. Don’t forget to tie-up and throw out the empty garbage bag immediately after unloading the clothes into the washer. Suits and sweaters that cannot be washed in hot water should be sent to the dry cleaners (keep bill for possible reimbursement).
  • Remaining items (toiletry, shoes, suitcase, etc.) should stay isolated outdoors until they can be carefully inspected or treated with heat, cold or insecticide. To kill bed bugs with heat, place items in a plastic bag in a hot, sunny location (summer) and raise temps to 120 degrees for an hour or more to kill. If you have a chest freezer with space, luggage can be dis-infested by placing in such a freezer for a day or two. If neither of these options are available, non-washables can be treated by a pest management professional using Nuvan Prostrips (dichlorvos) fumigant strips. Items to be treated are placed in a 2-mil thick (minimum) plastic bag with fumigant strips for 48 hours.

citybugs.tamu.edu

Bed bugs: Diagnosis and treatment

How do you know if you have bed bugs?

To find out if you have bed bugs, you need to look for two things:

Bites on your body

Signs of bed bugs

Bites on your body: If you have bed bugs, you’re likely to have bites. Bed bug bites usually cause itchy welts. These welts usually appear in a zigzag pattern as show in the photo below.

Bed bug bites

When bedbugs bite, you often see clusters of bites. Each cluster usually contains 3 to 5 bites that appear in a zigzag pattern.

You’ll seldom see bed bugs, so many people mistakenly believe that mosquitoes, fleas, or spiders bit them. Sometimes people mistake bed bug bites for a common skin condition such as an itchy rash, hives, or chickenpox.

To make sure you have bed bugs, you’ll need to look for signs of bed bugs.

How to check for bed bugs

Although bed bugs don’t usually require serious medical attention, they can cause a great deal of anxiety and restless nights. To help find bed bugs before they find you (and your belongings), dermatologists recommend looking for the following signs near places where you sleep.

How to check for bed bugs

Although bed bugs don’t usually require serious medical attention, they can cause a great deal of anxiety and restless nights. To help find bed bugs before they find you (and your belongings), dermatologists recommend looking for the following signs near places where you sleep.

Signs of bed bugs: This step is important. If you have a bed bug infestation, you need to find out so that you can get rid of the bed bugs. Getting rid of the bed bugs is the only way to stop the bites.

If you have a large number of bed bugs, you may see the bugs. Most people, however, only see signs of bed bugs. To look for signs of bed bugs, check the places that people sleep for the following:

A sweet, musty odor. Take a deep breath. If you notice a sweet, musty in your hotel room, cruise-ship cabin, or other sleeping area, there may be a heavy bed bug infestation in the room. Bed bugs produce chemicals to help them communicate, although not everyone will notice the smell.

Specks of blood on bedding, mattresses, or upholstered furniture such as couches and headboards. Look carefully at your blankets, sheets, and mattress pads and then check the mattress and box spring. Are there specks of blood anywhere, especially near the seams? If so, there could be a bed bug infestation. You should also check for specks of blood on all upholstered furniture, including couches and headboards.

Exoskeletons. Bed bugs have an outer shell that they shed and leave behind. Do you see shell-like remains on the mattress, mattress pad, or beneath couch cushions?

Tiny, blackish specks. If you see blackish specks on the bedding, mattress, headboard, or beneath couch cushions, it could be bed bug excrement.

Eggs. After mating, female bed bugs lay white, oval eggs in cracks and crevices. Keep in mind that these will be small, as a bed bug is only about the size of an apple seed. The photo below shows a bed bug near eggs. The photo was magnified so that you can see the bed bug and eggs.

If you do get bed bugs and have many bites or a bite that looks infected, see a board-certified dermatologist. A dermatologist can treat an infection and help relieve the itch.

Bed bug with eggs

A bed bug is a tiny insect with a broad, oval body. If it has recently eaten, it has a reddish-brown color.

If you see bed bugs, they will likely scurry toward the closest hiding place. Any dark place such as inside a mattress or even a picture frame makes a good hiding place.

See also:  What is Facebook and What Is It For?

As you watch bed bugs move, it can look like they are flying or jumping because they can crawl quickly. Bed bugs cannot fly or jump; they can only crawl.

If you find signs of bed bugs, call a pest-control company or your property manager. You should not use bug spray or a fogger. These products have little effect on bed bugs.

Treating bed bug bites

You should see a dermatologist for treatment if you have:

Skin infection (bites feel tender or ooze discharge, such as pus)

An allergic skin reaction (skin red and swollen or hives)

Your dermatologist may prescribe the following to treat bed bug bites:

Allergic reaction. Some people may require an injection of an antihistamine, corticosteroid, or epinephrine (adrenaline) for a severe allergic reaction.

Infection. An infection may require an antibiotic. If the infection is mild, your dermatologist may recommend an antiseptic medication that you can buy without a prescription. Your dermatologist will tell you which one to use. Your dermatologist also may recommend an antiseptic to prevent a skin infection.

Itch. A prescription antihistamine pill or liquid can help. You also can apply a corticosteroid to the bites. Your dermatologist will tell you which is best for you.

At-home treatment

If you do not have any signs of an infection or a serious reaction, you can often treat the bites at home.

To treat bed bug bites:

Wash the bites with soap and water. This will help prevent a skin infection and help reduce itchiness.

If the bites itch, apply a corticosteroid cream to the bites. You can get a weak form of this medicine without a prescription at your local drugstore. Stronger corticosteroids require a prescription.

Bed bug bites usually heal and go away within a week or two.

Image
Getty Images

References
Leverkus M et al. “Bullous Allergic Hypersensitivity to Bed bug Bites Mediated by IgE against Salivary Nitrophorin.» J of Invest Dermatol. 2006;126:2364-2366.

Liebold K et al. “Disseminated bullous eruption with systemic reaction caused by Cimex lectularius.” J Euro Acad of Dermat and Vener. 2003;17:461-463.

Steen CJ, Carbonaro PA, Schwartz RA. “Arthropods in dermatology.” J Am Acad Dermatol 2004; 50:819-42.

Find a dermatologist by location
Find a dermatologist by name

Advanced search

  • About AAD
  • Contact AAD
  • Donate
  • Employment
  • Store
  • Support AAD
  • Website feedback
  • AAD meetings & events
  • Advertise
  • Classifieds
  • Licensing
  • Mailing lists
  • Meeting advertising
  • Legal notice
  • Corporate partners
  • Donors
  • Exhibitors: AM 2020
  • Media
  • International
  • For AAD members
  • Patient advocates
  • Diseases & conditions
  • Everyday care
  • Cosmetic treatments
  • Parents & kids
  • Public health programs
  • Find a dermatologist

Copyright © 2020 American Academy of Dermatology Association.
All rights reserved.

Reproduction or republication strictly prohibited
without prior written permission.

www.aad.org

Does the Bedbug Registry Still Work? How to Find Out Whether Your Hotel is Infested

The Editors

We are the editors of SmarterTravel! Together we have appeared in countless travel publications including ABC News, Huffington Post, Travel + Leisure, USA Today, and more. We dedicate our days to creating and producing expert travel content, including packing tips, general travel advice, destination inspiration, and helpful videos. Follow us across social media on YouTube, Pinterest, Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter or drop us a line to say hi at [email protected]!

Bedbugs are hard to get rid of. But at hotels, they can be easy to avoid—if you know how. The Bedbug Registry used to be one of the best resources for finding out whether a hotel you were thinking of booking has had bedbugs. The site mapped 12,000 hotels in the U.S. and Canada, to flag where bedbugs had been reported, based on 20,000 reports from individual travelers.

However, it appears as though the Bedbug Registry hasn’t gotten any new reports since early 2016—which means that although the site used to be an excellent tool for mapping bedbugs at hotels, it isn’t current anymore.

So what’s a good, up-to-date alternative to the Bedbug Registry? Try Bedbug Reports instead, which lists recent reports of bedbugs at many popular hotels. Search the site by state and city to find out which hotels to avoid—plus, you can file your own report about a hotel, if you’ve encountered bedbugs there.

www.smartertravel.com

Hotel Obligations for Bed Bugs

Travel Tips

Bedbugs can cause rash and allergic reactions. (Photo: SolomonPhotos/iStock/Getty Images )

Related Articles

There’s nothing more terrifying than spotting a bedbug in your hotel room when traveling. The tiny creatures can spread quickly, which makes them particularly nerve-wracking. While there are very few laws specifically addressing bedbugs, hotels have a responsibility to keep you safe under common law. Even the cleanest, most expensive hotels may have bedbugs, so it’s best to educate and protect yourself.

State Bedbug Laws

No federal bedbug law exists, but some states have passed legislation concerning hotels and their obligations to keep you safe from these pests. Alabama, California, Kansas, Minnesota, Nevada, Ohio, South Dakota and West Virginia enforce some form of bedbug-specific law, but most of them lack teeth; merely setting down in writing that hotels must take cleanliness measures to prevent pests. Only Kansas, Nevada and West Virginia require hotels to stop using the room and exterminate the bedbugs before another guest stays the night.

Common Law

Under common law, the hotel manager has a responsibility to use reasonable care to promote your safety as a guest. Bedbugs pose a well-known hazard to personal safety; bites can cause rash, allergic reactions and permanent scars. It is reasonable to expect hotel staff to clean, fumigate, disinfect and exterminate any known infestation of bedbugs. But common law does not require the hotel staff ensure your safety, only to take reasonable measures to promote it. If the infestation is new and unknown to the hotel manager, then the common law protection does not apply as long as the room is reasonably clean. It is unreasonable to expect hotel staff to know about an infestation before it starts.

Legal Recourse

The law can view bedbug bites and infestations as serious injuries, not unlike those suffered in a car crash. The bites themselves can have lasting psychological effects, cause embarrassing rashes, fierce itching and in some cases, permanent scarring. Gather evidence if you become the victim of hotel bedbugs, including pictures of the bedbugs and your bites. Contact the local health department, ask it to inspect your room and get a copy of the report. File a formal complaint with hotel management, getting the manager’s name, phone number and email address. Seek medical attention and get a record of your doctor’s visit. Evidence can help you with civil litigation if your injuries are serious enough.

See also:  Minnesota Gophers Rowing The Boat To Victory At 2020 Outback Bowl - WCCO, CBS Minnesota

Protect Yourself

Look for signs of bedbugs in your room immediately after check-in. Look all around and under your mattress for small dots of rusty or reddish blood stains left by crushed bedbugs. Bedbug excrement appears as tiny black dots that may bleed into fabric like the point of a marker. Look for tiny, 1-millimeter eggs that are pale yellow in color, or look for the apple-seed-sized, reddish-brown bedbugs themselves. Bugs commonly hide in the seams of chairs and beds, between the folds of curtains, in electrical sockets, between cushions and even under tacks or loose screws. Bedbug bites produce a raised, red, swollen area with a dark-red center. Bites often come in clusters or make a line across the skin. If you see or feel any sign of bedbugs, leave the room and immediately notify hotel staff.

Prevent Infestation

Bedbugs cling and hide inside clothing and luggage, where you can take them home to start a new infestation. If you come in contact with bedbugs at a hotel, ask for a garbage bag and tightly seal all of your belongings. Transfer all of your washable clothes to a different garbage bag outside of your home and take the clothes to the washer inside of the new bag. Wash the clothes on the hot cycle and dry the clothes on the highest temperature setting for at least 30 minutes to kill any bugs or eggs. Leave the rest of your belongings inside the garbage bag in the sun, where the internal temperature will reach 120 degrees or higher. Or place the garbage bag in a freezer overnight to kill the bedbugs. Hire a pest-management professional to disinfect your non-washable items.

Disclosure

Leaf Group is a USA TODAY content partner providing general travel information. Its content is produced independently of USA TODAY.

traveltips.usatoday.com

How To Identify Bed Bug Bites

November 5, 2018

What Do Bites Look Like?

Everyone reacts differently to bed bug bites but the typical reaction is small, red, raised, itchy bumps. It is important to note that roughly 70% of people do not react to bed bug bites, when first bitten. People can also experience a delay from the time they were bitten to the time it takes to react. This means you may not react to bites received until some time later.

Do They Carry Disease?

No. All studies conducted to date indicate that there is no evidence to suggest that bed bugs are capable of transferring disease from one person to another. The only source of nutrition for a bed bug is, you guessed it, blood! In order for a bed bug to mature into an adult it must feed once during each life stage. In order to produce eggs a female adult needs blood. Even though bed bugs bite humans they are not known carriers of any transmittable diseases.

How do bed bugs bite?

Bed bugs use their two elongated beaks to pierce human skin and extract blood. They use one beak to inject a saliva which contains an anesthetic to numb the area and help avoid detection, and with the other beak they extract the blood. After about five minutes of feeding the bed bug will return to its hiding place.

Are bed bug bites painful?

Bites are not painful and many people will not react at all making detection that much more difficult. Some people will develop itchy red welts over the next few days. If the area becomes swollen a small red welt may appear. This welt is often itchy and can last for up to a few days. Reactions occur as a result of the saliva injected during feeding. In the case of an extreme infestation and where children have been bitten there is a chance they can develop an iron deficiency.

Although some bed bug bites do not leave any marks, others can produce small red bumps or rashes. They usually do not appear for a day or two after being bitten. You should avoid scratching the area. Bed bug bites are often described as resembling mosquito bites. An indicator that it might be bed bug bites is the pattern of the bites. They often occur in a group or line of three or four and are usually on an area that would be exposed during sleep. Bed bug bites do not transmit disease and will usually disappear within a few days. If a rash persists or becomes infected you should contact your doctor or a medical professional immediately.

You may also like

Bed Bug Travel Tips

Bed bugs are expert hitchhikers and aren’t picky about who they choose to travel with. These tiny pests can infest any space – including your hotel or cottage – and are not a sign of poor sanitation. Bed bugs are sneaky and can make their way into your belongings easily without being detected.

Bed Bugs — Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

How do I know if I’ve been bitten by a bed bug? How do I identify a bed bug when I see one? Get the answers to the most frequently asked questions on bed bugs, all answered by the experts at Orkin Canada.

Signs And Symptoms of Bed Bugs

Knowing the signs of bed bugs is the first step in finding and removing these pests.

Bed Bug Treatment & Control

Bed bugs are mostly found in bedding, mattresses, on headboards and in bed frames and box springs.

Remove pests from your home, and stop them from coming back

We work hard to listen, understand and assess your unique situation. Request a free, no-obligation estimate today for a customized pest program that fits your needs.

www.orkincanada.ca

Share:
No comments

Добавить комментарий

Your e-mail will not be published. All fields are required.

×
Recommend
Adblock
detector