Are parasites spread person-to-person, Yahoo Answers

Are parasites spread person-to-person?

Are parasites usually transmitted from person to person? If they hug and kiss and do oral sex (no anal activities)?

4 Answers

Parasites — flukes, worms and amoeba — are usually spread by ingesting contaminated food or water and some by the fecal-oral route. Pinworms are a notable exception in that they are spread human-to-human by contact.

Scabies mites and body lice are spread by human-to-human contact.

Pinworms and parasites transmitted by the fecal-oral route could possibly be spread by oral sex simply because of the proximity to the perianum. It’s not worth the risk.

FYI: «Ringworm» (tinea) is not a parasite, it’s a fungus. And, yes, there is trichimoniasis to consider. It is caused by the protozoa Trichimonas vaginalis.

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The main mode of transmission for parasites is through food and water. We usually eat 3 times a day and drink water often, so we are constantly putting ourselves at risk.

The other main mode of transmission is from pets/animals. Parasites can live on their fur (possible acquired from getting feces on their coat) and we can get the parasite if we do not wash our hands after petting or playing with pets. There are also insects who act as vectors of parasites (eg. ticks and lyme disease)

Human to human transmission of some parasites also occur. For example Pubic Lice and Scabies are two parasites that can be transmitted by close imtimate contact (sexual or not) and can also remain in bedding,sheets,towels, clothes for 2 days (pubic lice) and up to 3 days (scabies). Trichomonas vaginalis is another parasite that is transmitted human to human through unprotected sexual activity (including mutual masturbation and sharing of sex toys). And don’t forget about ringworm and the various other parasites that can cause infection and can be transmitted human to human.

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How is headlice transmitted from person to person??

Headlice is transmitted from person to person by shared objects. A hairbrush used by more than one person, or a pillow that a child with lice lies upon, or a hat people share. Lice dont jump. they are not fleas, but they can travel on objects.

I hope that helps,

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How is scabies transmitted from person to person?

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Transmission of scabies is predominantly through direct skin-to-skin contact, and for this reason scabies has been considered a sexually transmitted disease. The mite does not penetrate deeper than the superficial layer of the epidermis, the stratum corneum.

A person infested with mites can spread scabies even if he/she is asymptomatic. [6] There may be a prolonged interval (up to 10 wk) between the primary infection, when the patient becomes contagious, and the onset of clinical manifestations. [7] Scabies is less frequently transmitted by indirect contact through fomites such as infested bedding or clothing. However, the greater the number of parasites on a person, as in crusted scabies, the more likely that indirect contact will transmit the disease.

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Megan Barry, MD Resident Physician, Department of Dermatology, University of Virginia School of Medicine

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Catharine Lisa Kauffman, MD, FACP Georgetown Dermatology and Georgetown Dermpath

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Adam J Rosh, MD Assistant Professor, Program Director, Emergency Medicine Residency, Department of Emergency Medicine, Detroit Receiving Hospital, Wayne State University School of Medicine

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Dirk M Elston, MD Professor and Chairman, Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina College of Medicine

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William D Binder, MD Clinical Instructor in Emergency Medicine, Brown University Medical School; Consulting Staff, Instructor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital

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Kelly M Cordoro, MD Assistant Professor of Clinical Dermatology and Pediatrics, Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine

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Kenneth E Greer, MD Former Professor, Department of Dermatology, University of Virginia School of Medicine; Former Chairman, Department of Dermatology, University of Virginia Medical Center

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