All About Lice — The Lice Clinic head louse — Pediculus humanus capitis

All About Lice

What Are Head Lice?

The head louse, or Pediculus humanus capitis, is a parasitic insect that can be found on the head and, more rarely, the eyebrows and eyelashes of people.

Learn all about lice:

Head lice feed on human blood several times a day (and that’s why the scalp itch). They live close to the scalp to maintain their body temperature. They cannot live without a host to feed on for more than 48 hours. Head lice live for about month, and their spans are categorized into three stages; nit (egg), nymph, and adult. Adult female lice attach nits to the hair follicle base via a naturally secreted adhesive. The nits are laid very close to the scalp to provide heat for the incubation of the eggs. Nits are yellowish/grayish, oval-shaped eggs, about 0.8×0.3mm in size (strawberry seed), and they usually hatch within a week to ten days, becoming nymphs. (You can see pictures of authentic lice, nits, and nymphs on our Instagram account Nymphs look identical to adult lice, except they are slightly smaller and may also be slightly lighter in color. A nymph will shed it’s exoskeleton three times before reaching adulthood within a week of hatching.

More about lice:

Once reaching adulthood, the louse will require about 5 blood-feedings per day. The adult louse uses it’s claws to pierce the skin, after which it injects saliva and then sucks the blood through it’s mouth. The saliva that injects is primarily responsible for the irritation and itching sensation experienced. Although lice do not swell like many other ectoparasites, they do turn to a darker rust-colored shade after feeding. Despite their small size they can travel fairly quickly, and an adult female louse can lay up to eight nits per day. Since the adult lifespan of a louse is about 3 weeks, this means that a female can lay more than 150 nits in her lifespan, resulting in rapid reproduction and severe infestation if not treated.

All About Lice

Head Lice Removal Clinic in Waterville, ME & Clifton Park, NY

We are pleased to announce that we now have a second treatment facility located in Clifton Park NY operated by Donna Conklin.
Donna is the daughter of the owner of parent company All About Lice, Waterville, ME.

Call Donna with your questions and concerns. (518) 603-6882.


All Star Package

Remedy Shampoo, Remedy 2 in 1 Spray, Terminator Lice Comb, Prevent Shampoo, Prevent Conditioner.

Enhanced DIY

Remedy Shampoo, Remedy 2 in 1 spray, Terminator Lice Comb.

Terminator Lice Comb

The most effective lice comb on the market today. If you don’t comb with a Terminator you are wasting your time! This is the ONLY comb we use in our shop and the ONLY comb we have found to be effective in removing nits.


Head Check

We do a thorough head check using our Terminator lice comb. During a head check, we check the hair for lice, paying special attention to the “hot spots” which typically are behind the ears and the nape of the neck.


We do a complete comb out of the hair using our Terminator lice comb, starting at the nape of the neck. We part the hair into 1/4 — 1/2 inch strips, apply product and comb until all lice & nits are removed from that section.


It is our goal that you not only leave our shop lice free, but we want you to be informed as much as possible, so that you can be equipped to battle this in the future without panic, excessive work, and without trying ineffective means of treating.


Today’s Paper | April 25, 2020


Back-to-school advice: All about lice


We have all heard that prevention is better than cure. And one of the cases where this is most applicable is in the case of head lice infestation, which is common in childhood. In fact, majority of children who have lice either got it at school from another child or spread it to others at school.

Yes, once you get these tiny, irritating things in your hair, you become the main reason why others around you end up scratching their heads — literally!

I know it seems kind of gross to talk of having head lice, but almost everyone has found these teeny tiny things languishing luxuriously in their hair. And most of the time, we don’t even realise what’s making us scratch our head until someone looks closely at our hair!

Mothers are usually the first ones to find out. But in some cases, other kids at school spot lice in others’ hair first and this gives them something to whisper about, completely oblivious to the fact that a few of these very active insect have already made its way onto their own heads. It takes lice in one person’s hair to soon lead to everyone who gets close to the person becoming infested.

Lice spread very easily on close contact or though sharing of things that touch the head, such as brushes, combs, hair accessories, hats, helmets, scarves, towels and pillows. The highest incidence of head lice is seen in children between the ages of three to 11 years, and more common in girls because of their longer hair and the common exchange of hair brushes and accessories.

Now that some schools have reopened and the rest are opening soon, the spread of head lice cases are going to increase sharply as a few children suffering from this nuisance infestation are going to unwittingly spread it to others. What is important to note here is that no one, yes no one, willingly has lice and nits in their hair and those who do, got it from others and are suffering the discomforts of this condition. So it is very rude and hurtful to make fun of someone who has head lice or blame them for this condition. Chances are, they do not know how these unwanted guests came to reside in their hair. And such children and their mothers would have tried to prevent and get rid of this lice infestation in different ways.

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So now when you all return to school, keep in mind some ways to prevent the spread of head lice and get rid of them effectively.

Not so close

Remember to not get very close to others, whether they have head lice or not. Yes you can talk to your friends and play with them, but if your heads touch or are very close, it increases the chances of lice making way from one head/hair to another.


Special lice-removing combs are effective in removing lice, especially when done in well-oiled or wet hair. But nits, the eggs lice lay, are more difficult to remove using such combs and even if all the lice in the hair are removed, new ones will soon come out from the nits and the cycle will go on.

Using special anti-lice shampoos are effective in both killing/removing lice and nits too, but one should avoid using them on very small children or too frequently. Make sure to go for the well-known brands of these shampoos and after washing, comb the hair well while still a bit wet, to remove the lice and nits.

Those who do not have lice but interact with others who do, should comb their hair once a week with lice removing combs to be on the safe side. Regular monitoring of children’s hair to check for lice helps to detect the infestation before it becomes too intense.

It should be noted that head lice can be found in people from all backgrounds, irrespective of health, hygiene or cleanliness of their unwilling hosts. Being watchful and cautious are the best ways to keep these pests at bay.

Published in Dawn, Young World, August 3rd, 2019

All about head lice

Head Lice – The Facts

When you are dealing with head lice it can help if you understand how they operate.

Head lice are wingless insects that live on the scalp holding on to the hair.

They are greyish in colour but turn darker after feeding from the blood in the scalp

Head lice are 2 to 3 mm in size: the male is smaller than the female.

Lice live close to the scalp where they feed on blood and this bite can cause itching.

They especially love warm spots: behind the ears or around the neck.

Adult lice can live for as long as a month with females laying up to 10 eggs a day (300 eggs in a lifetime)

These eggs hatch after about 7 days and about 2 weeks later they are mature and the females can lay eggs.

Baby lice mature within ten days and only after that are they able to reproduce

Nits (lice eggs) are the empty egg cases left on the hair after the lice have hatched and are pale in colour

Lice spread when heads come into contact so sleepovers, after-school activities, playing with friends and visiting family are often the most common places for children to pick them up and pass them on

A louse cannot survive away from the head for more than 24 hours.

Myth: Head lice jump from one head to another

Head lice can only be passed by direct head-to-head contact – they cannot jump, fly, hop or swim

Myth: Head lice can be caught by sharing things like hairbrushes, towels or bedding

Head lice only survive on heads, dying quickly away from their food source. Adults and nymphs can only survive for 8-24 hours without feeding or they become too dehydrated to survive. They can only be caught from human contact

Myth: Head lice prefer clean hair

Having head lice has nothing to do with personal hygiene, head lice can live on all types of hair and no preference exists between clean or dirty hair

Myth: Shaving a child’s head is the best way to get rid of head lice

Lice like to live close to the scalp and can survive on hair as short as 2mm long, so cutting hair short won’t necessarily help and can be very traumatic for the child

Myth: Animals can carry and pass on head lice

Head lice can only live on human beings, people can’t catch them from animals

Myth: Head lice are only caught from other children at school

A lot of head lice infections are caught from family and friends in the home and local community, not just at school – parents typically start to worry about lice when children go back to school so they are more likely to identify an infection and presume the lice were caught there

All About Head Lice

Head lice is an itchy illness that often affects kids. All About Head Lice helps kids find out about lice, why they make your head itch, and how to get rid of them. Easy-to-read text, fascinating photographs, and colorful graphics help young readers explore what’s going on inside of them while learning key science concepts. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards. Super Sandcastle is an imprint of Abdo Publishing, a division of ABDO.

Interest Level Kindergarten — Grade 4
Reading Level Grade 3
BISACS JNF051030, JNF024020
Genre Nonfiction
Subject Health, Science & Technology
Copyright 2019
Division Abdo Publishing
Imprint Super Sandcastle
Language English
Number of Pages 24
Season 2018-08-01
ISBN 9781532115813, 9781532156533
Title Format Reinforced Library Bound Hardcovers, Anywhere eBooks
Dewey 616.57
Graphics Full-color illustrations, Full-color photographs
Dimensions 9.5 x 7.75
Lexile 560
Guided Reading Level N
Accelerated Reader® Quiz NOT AR
Features Glossary of key words, Infographics, Reviewed, and Table of contents
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Inside Your Body Set 2 – School Library Connection

Reviewed on 1 March 2019

These well-bound books feature colorful illustrations that show a diverse selection of youth suffering the ailments that afflict all children, with close-ups of signs and symptoms. Add these to the nonfiction collection for primary students who wish to read about these topics or engage in beginning research.

All About Head Lice – This Means War! The Eradication of the Bugs!

Part 9: The War On Lice


As school nurses, we’re usually focused on a child with lice (but sometimes we are asked to do a head-check for a teacher). Often the child was itching their little head or a bug was actually seen crawling around on the child’s head by a teacher or even a student. When the child comes to my office, I maintain privacy and discretion. It’s embarrassing. Why is it embarrassing? After all, everyone is susceptible to getting lice. Everyone has discovered they had a booger in their nose after a conversation with another person. Everyone has had something stuck in their teeth, pimple on their nose, and experienced an accidental left-cheek-sneak, and yet we are all embarrassed when we individually experience any of these things. You get the point. No one wants to be or be the parent of “the kid with cooties.” It’s embarrassing. PS: Why didn’t they tell me I had a booger in my nose.

We may never know where the child caught head lice, but we now know the lice life-cycle. With that information, we can teach the parents to when perform the timely treatments to ensure that their child is free from lice and thereby reduced the incidences in your school. But, knowing when to treat is one thing. Knowing what to treat the child with. and the rest of the family with is another.

I don’t believe in the no-nit policy. Expended nits and even viable nits pose no threat TODAY for other children. What I do balk at are statements like this one from the NCBI:

“Although data on the prevalence of head lice in day care center attendees are not available, head lice exclusion policies are not warranted for schools or daycare centers because there is no sound medical justification.”

Technically, they are correct in saying, “. no sound medical justification.” But what about the financial justification? What about the social justification? What about the emotional justification? This article from may help us understand better: There are dozens and dozens of articles out there that “justify” the reason children should go home from school if they have live and active lice.

“If you find live lice during the school day, it’s likely that child has had lice for weeks,” said Carolyn Duff, the president of the National Association of School Nurses and the nurse at an elementary school in Columbia, S.C. “Allowing that child to remain in the classroom for a few more hours is not putting children at risk.”

Ms. Duff is so right and yet so wrong. What if little Suzzie has been “lucky” for the “few weeks” that little Amber has unknowingly had lice. My thinking is this: Sometimes luck runs out. No, lice is not like the flu and I know that lice does not spread the flu or any other illness (save the emails). But we wouldn’t send the child back to class with flu-like symptoms. Why? Aside from the child feeling sick and not in an optimum state for learning, the child may pass the flu to someone else. But, consider this: They have had the virus all day and up to the time he or she was told to Go See The Nurse. And the other classmates are haven’t caught the flu yet, right? (I know the flu is more serious. the point is that the children have been exposed up to that point and by sending the child back to class knowingly exposes other children to the condition — you get what I mean, right?)

Most of us school nurses want the lice out of the classroom upon discovery. Those that don’t. well. that’s okay too. However, let’s move from the debate to eradicate!

There are two methods to getting the job done. The one-two punch and the absolutely-sure-punch.

The one-two punch involves 2 steps. Step one is to use a pediculicide as soon as the lice are discovered and then follow up with step two about 8-10 days later when all the nymphs begin to emerge from the nits. In association with some of the other suggestions to follow, this is a simple-to-understand plan that many busy and/or complacent parents can follow. If we over-complicate it, many will not do it.

I am not a huge fan of this method though suggest it to parents that will not be able to follow the Nurse Kevin Lice Battle Plan which is a 5-6 treatment plan over 21 days.

If you have a parent that has a child with persistent head lice and they say they have tried “everything,” then go through the Nurse Kevin’s Lice Battle Plan with them. As you explain it to the exacerbated parent, they will find out quickly that they have indeed NOT tried everything.

Once a Week, Take a Peek — Nurse Kevin

I would suggest to parents that they take a close look through their child’s head each week to “catch” any signs of bugs. If a parent finds one big bug in the hair after having taken a thorough look just the week before, it’s likely that that big bug has just gotten there and they will not have to go through the whole, long, drawn-out process all over again.


Having head lice is an embarrassing ordeal. Often I will call a parent and initially feel embarrassment for them knowing the feeling they are about to get when I say, “Your child has head lice.” They will feel judged, dirty, overwhelmed and utterly embarrassed. There are a few tactics I use to ease these feelings and let them know that I am on their side.

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If you find nits down the strands of hair, you know they have been dealing with this for a long, long time. They just do not know what to do. They may say they have tried everything but their child still gets lice. The desperation in their voices shows they have tried everything. but only the “everything” they are aware of. I have a Nix coupon on my desk right now that uses words like “Ultra,” “Elimination,” “Kill both Super Lice and regular lice, including eggs.” All of that tells you this stuff works great. But it doesn’t work 100% of the time. And, if one bug survives. guess where that parent is in a month’s time. yep, right back where they started.

You as the school nurse have the power to educate and even offer a home visit to show them what to do. Give them encouragement and lots of follow up calls. You can even bring the child into the health office and be the one to perform the: Once a Week; Take a Peek. If you know the parent is not looking, call the child down each Monday and take look through his or her hair. Do this on Mondays. If the child is going to stay with a relative or the other parent, it’s usually on the weekends.

You may hear, “I know! Every time she goes over to her dad’s house she catches lice from his kids.” This is a very manageable situation. Split families with scheduled visitation can be managed by an olive oil treatment after each visit. Let’s say the child goes to the other parent’s home every other week. When the child comes home, an olive oil treatment is done. We can educate the domicile parent about the life cycle of the louse. If a bug found its way into the child’s hair from daddy’s house on Sunday, October 1st, the mother can kill the louse with the olive oil on that same day that she returns to her home. If that louse laid 8 — 16 eggs over that weekend the child spent with the father, we have 2 weeks for the nits to gestate, hatch, and go through the 3 molting’s. That takes about 14 days. Coming home on October 14th after another weekend with daddy is another planned olive oil treatment. The nits that were laid two weeks ago are now dead and any new, piggybacking bugs end up going the way of the dodo.

There are those families who work so hard and still have so little. Olive oil, Nit Combs, and Pediculicides cost money. Ahhh, money is the least of it all. There’s no time! It’s up in the morning, work a 12-hour day (or more day) sometimes at two jobs and back home to get the four kids to bed. Consider the time involvement of the treatments and then multiply that x4 children (or more). Trust me, no matter what you do, that mountain cannot be climbed unless you show up. The truth of the matter is this: During the evenings, the children’s lice problem is mamma’s problem. But, during the day, the children’s lice problem is YOUR problem.

What I mean by “show up” is to offer the parents a home visit. I know, I know, they always say “no.” But, sometimes they say “yes.” When you offer a home visit, they picture strangers in their houses and may feel judged. The offer portrays a sense of urgency and action. If money is a problem, a real problem, talk to your principal and get some lice kits and olive oil. make this happen for the parents.

If the parents say, “Okay. Come to my house and help me.” Awesome, go over and get this done once and for all (but you better say on top of it by doing frequent head checks).

Occasionally you will get an obstinate parent who has no concern about the lice because “the lice don’t cause disease.” You will have to work with what you have where you are. Pure and simple. The truth be known, you are likely able to perform many “cares” for the child that any other parent may fuss over. I’ll explain with a story:

The children of the mother I mentioned at the beginning of this article was obstinate, overworked and over-broke. She had been fighting this for so long she’d given up. When her children started school that year, they were all short-haired. even the two younger girls. Very sad, right? At mid-year (and much hair growth), the only boy shows up with a fisted hand. He had no shame opening his hand in the nursing office and in front of the other children getting cares, “Found a bug Nurse Kevin! I found a bug!” In his hand was one great, big louse trying its dang-ness to crawl around on that boy’s extended hand. in MY direction. He had had lice for so long that he not only lost the “ick factor” but also had no fear of the social aspect of the risk of an elementary school children’s ridicule.

At that point I had decided to start combing the children’s hair each Monday. Given enough Monday, we would eradicate those bugs. Taking a chux pad (the incontinent pads for bed-bound patients), a spray bottle, a bit of either lavender oil or mint oil, and a nit comb, I put the children on my stool and dressed their shoulders with the absorbent pad upright on their shoulders. We’d secure the chux pad with a black paper clip and sprayed their heads with water. Using a wide-spaced comb to straighten their hair out, we’d end the spa-day with a good bit of nit-picking (now you know where that phrase came from). After our treatments (about 15-20 minutes tops), a few drops of essential oil was applied to my gloved hands and it was rubbed into their little heads. Yes, it was like a spa day for them; they actually loved it.

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