About Bedbugs

Bedbugs — all about bedbugs and how to destroy them

Most of us have heard the saying “Good night, don’t let the bedbugs bite.” It is an old saying which actually holds some affection, but one whose origin is based on facts.

So what are bedbugs?

Bedbugs are small parasitic insects from the family Cimicidae. The insects from this family have as a defining characteristic: they feed on the blood of warm blooded animals.

The term bedbugs is used for the insects which prefer to feed on human blood and usually live in the human environment, the term itself being a reference for their preferred nesting place in beds, sofas, easy chairs or other places where humans sleep.

The common bedbug or Cimex lectularius, is the species best adapted to the human environment and is mostly found in temperate climates, but there are other species of bedbugs found in only certain regions of the globe. Cimex hemipterus is mostly found in tropical regions and are known to also infest poultry and bats. Leptocimex boueti is a species found mostly in West Africa and South America and which infest bats as well as humans. Cimex pilosellus and Cimex pipistrella infest mostly bats, while Haematosiphon inodora, found mainly in North America, infests mainly poultry.

How can you identify a bedbug?
.

An adult bedbug is a reddish-brown color, with a small flattened oval body. They do not possess wings. They are usually 4-5 mm in length and 1.5 to 3 mm wide. Bedbugs have microscopic hairs which lead to their banded appearance.

Newly hatched bedbugs, known as nymphs, are translucent and have a lighter color than the adults. Their color grows darker with age, when they molt.

Main characteristics of the bedbugs

Bedbugs communicate by pheromones and kairomones and so they transmit information about nesting locations, attacks and even reproduction.

The lifespan of the bedbug varies from species to species but is also greatly influenced by the resources and the environment.

Bedbugs are not nocturnal creatures, but they are mostly active at night.

How to avoid bedbugs

Proper hygiene is the key to combating a bedbug infestation.

First, you need to change your bed sheets with clean ones once a weeks or even more frequently if you’ve had a recent infestion. Wash your bed sheets at high temperature with proper detergent to eliminate any small parasites.

Second, you need to clean the bead and air the mattress at least every couple of months and we recommend that you air the mattress and leave it in the sun for one day at least once every six months. This will eliminate any small parasite, as well as eliminate excess dead skin which has accumulated in time.

Finally, when you come back from a trip, I recommend that you wash all your clothes, because there is the possibility that a bedbug or another type of pest can reside in them. Wash your clothes at high temperatures, as bedbugs cannot survive over 45 C and all forms of life are killed by an exposure of 7 minutes at a temperature of over 46 C.

I found a safe nateral enzyme product that you can spray on mattresses, curtains and furniture along with another product that can be used in the wash for clothing. It dissolves the beg bugs and their eggs. You can go to http://www.jzimaging.com and contact them. The one product for the wash does not require hot water so you don’t have to worry about shrinking your cloths. It is very safe for children and is non-harmful. It worked great. It is a very low cost solution and I can use it when I travel to spray my luggage and hotel room. They have travel sizes. I recently went to a trade show and another vendor had bugs in their room and used it. All hotels were full so he would have never found a room in the current hotel. he was bug free the rest of the week.
.

I was woundering what is this safe nateral enzyme product callled , and aproximently how much is it …?

If your looking for an ALL natural product, check our Scram Bed Bug Products, they have a proven 100% percent kill and repel rate. I believe this website sells it as well.

lately i have been getting bedbugs on every piece of furniture we have at the house and i am not liking this not 1 bit.

www.aboutbedbugs.net

How Best To Snag And Destroy Bedbugs?

Bedbugs aren’t known to spread disease to or among people, but that doesn’t make them less creepy-crawly. About the size of an apple seed, they feast on human blood and typically bite a sleeping host at night. Josh Cassidy/KQED hide caption

Bedbugs aren’t known to spread disease to or among people, but that doesn’t make them less creepy-crawly. About the size of an apple seed, they feast on human blood and typically bite a sleeping host at night.

Summer is a time of travel and fun. But with every bed an exhausted traveler falls into after a day of sightseeing, the chances of bringing home an unwanted bug increase.

Bedbugs don’t fly or jump or come in from your garden. They crawl very quickly and are great at hiding in your luggage when you travel and hitching a ride into your home — or hotel room.

«It would probably be a prudent thing to do a quick bed check if you’re sleeping in a strange bed,» says Michael Potter, an entomologist at the University of Kentucky who researches bedbugs. His recommendation goes for beds in fancy hotel rooms, as well as dorms and summer camp bunk beds.

So what does Potter do when he travels? First, he keeps his suitcase zipped up and on a credenza or metal luggage rack. Bedbugs have a hard time climbing up smooth surfaces like metal.

Next, he recommends pulling back the sheet at the head of the bed and checking the seams on the top and bottom of the mattress and the box spring. Contrary to popular belief, bedbugs don’t burrow into mattresses; they stay on the surface. And after feeding on us they find a hideout, where they leave telltale brown or yellow droplets of digested blood called fecal spots. If they have already had a chance to reproduce, their nest might include translucent egg casings and young yellowish nymphs.

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«They’re more of a nest-type of insect,» says Bill Donahue, an entomologist and owner of Sierra Research Laboratories in Modesto, Calif., where he evaluates treatments against bedbugs and other pests. «There are areas where the bedbugs will congregate.»

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Adult bedbugs are about the size and color of an apple seed. Young bugs, called nymphs, are smaller and yellowish or white. Guided by the carbon dioxide and heat that sleeping humans emit, they crawl quickly up wooden bedposts and over sheets to stick their long mouth part in and drink for about five minutes, until they’re completely full. They then hide in a nearby cranny, like the seam of the mattress or behind a baseboard.

«Heaven forbid you wake up with itchy red welts during your stay,» Potter says. «Then you want to be incredibly vigilant when you get home.»

Bedbug nymphs Josh Cassidy/KQED hide caption

Protect your home

He suggests putting clothes in the dryer or leaving unzipped suitcases inside a hot car, since bedbugs are susceptible to high temperatures. Some people take days, even weeks, to react to a bedbug bite, so bites aren’t a great indicator of when you were exposed to them. And though some people can suffer a severe skin reaction, bedbugs aren’t known to transmit any diseases.

Until the 1940s, bedbugs were a common occurrence in the U.S. After being nearly eradicated by the spraying of DDT in the 1950s, they’ve made a comeback worldwide in the past 20 years, aided by the widespread movement of people. They’ve been found all around the country in settings as varied as schools, dorms, hospitals, theaters, moving vans and even funeral homes, according to Potter. And they also move around on secondhand furniture.

Apartment dwellers are more vulnerable to infestation, as bugs can crawl from one flat to another. Because bedbugs hide, they’re difficult to treat without the help of a professional, and the treatments can be expensive.

«If you think you have bedbugs, let your landlord know right away,» says entomologist Andrew Sutherland, the University of California’s urban pest management adviser for the San Francisco Bay Area. «It’s their responsibility to do inspections and to hire a reputable pest control operator to take care of the problem.»

Treat with heat

Because bedbugs are vulnerable to heat, a thermal treatment is «the gold standard,» says Luis Agurto, CEO of Pestec, a pest control company in the San Francisco Bay Area. Pestec places big heaters throughout an infested residence and warms it up to 122 degrees Fahrenheit for two hours. Technicians armed with «guns» blow hot air into areas where bedbugs might be hiding.

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The Creepy, Crawly World Of Bedbugs And How They Have ‘Infested’ Homes

«We’re basically making a big convection oven,» Agurto explains.

After a thermal treatment, Pestec monitors for bedbugs for several weeks by placing a hard plastic cup under each bedpost. The insects have no trouble climbing up the rough outside of these so-called interceptor cups, but they get trapped by the smooth inner surface, which they’re unable to scale. The company also uses insecticides and vacuum cleaners to get rid of infestations.

Scientists are working hard to expand their eradication tool set. At the University of California, Irvine, biologist and engineer Catherine Loudon is collaborating with several engineering labs on campus to create synthetic surfaces that could better trap the bugs. She was inspired by the tiny hooked hairs that grow from the leaves of some varieties of beans, such as kidney and green beans. In nature, these spiky hairs, called trichomes, pierce the feet of the aphids and leafhoppers that like to feed on them.

Balkan folk wisdom seeds science

Loudon got the idea from Potter, of the University of Kentucky, who mentioned to her a folk remedy he had read about. Residents of the Balkan countries used to spread bean leaves around their beds, Potter told her, and in the morning they’d find bedbugs attached to the leaves. The bugs’ feet, it turned out, were getting impaled by the hooked hairs. Researchers have found that trichomes are just as effective against bedbugs, even though they don’t feed on leaves.

Loudon’s goal is to mimic a bean leaf’s mechanism to create an inexpensive, portable trap.

«You could imagine a strip that would act as a barrier that could be placed virtually anywhere: across the portal to a room; behind the headboard; on subway seats; an airplane,» Loudon says. «They have six legs, so that’s six opportunities to get trapped.»

This post and video were produced by Deep Look, a wildlife video series from KQED and PBS Digital Studios that explores «the unseen at the very edge of our visible world.»

KQED’s Gabriela Quirós is the coordinating producer of the series. KQED’s Laura Shields contributed reporting.

www.npr.org

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How To Search And Destroy The Bedbugs In Your Home

A few years ago, before the recession, at a time I’m somewhat nostalgic for now, I remembered hearing about NYC’s bedbug problem and laughing. “You mean, like the saying, ‘sleep tight and don’t let the bedbugs bite’?” I’d say. I had only heard of them in historic fiction. To me, they might as well have been monsters in fairy tales.

What a wonderful time it was.

Now, if you so much as mention that you think there might be bedbugs in your apartment, people will rearrange their schedules to meet you in a safe, bug-free zone, putting you on a no-call social list until it’s figured out. People used to throw out brand-new mattresses all the time, which only added to the problem. (Now, they’re supposed to be wrapped in plastic first.) Hotel chains have been driven up a wall, even some of the nicest ones. People seem to have “a touch of the bedbug post-traumatic stress disorder.” These days, if I wake up at all itchy for any reason, I, like many New Yorkers, jump up in a panic and rush to the mirror to make sure I don’t have bedbug bites.

Bedbug bites … it seems like someone’s playing a joke on us, but they’re not. Adding to the fear is the fact that some bedbugs reportedly can, in theory, carry horrific, deadly diseases. Bedbug Awareness Week is this week, but I’m sure it’s what a lot of people think about anyway. Here’s the official guide to taking care of them, but I’ll share some of its top takeaways.

The Signs of Bedbugs

  • Bedbugs often leave droppings and eggs on the seams and tufts of mattresses. You also may see small blood stains on the sheets.
  • You may actually see the bugs themselves. Newly hatched bugs are about the size of a poppy seed.
  • You may have marks on your body minutes or days after sleeping in the area. Not everyone has these marks.
  • You may also easily spot droppings and eggs around the furniture. Bedbugs also reportedly like books, baseboards, window frames, pictures/frames, and insulation, including spaces around outlets.

One way to handle this is to contact a pest control company. If you moved in and suddenly now have bedbugs, but your landlord has been unresponsive to the problem, you can call 311 to file a complaint. Note that attempting to do it yourself with bombs and foggers isn’t safe and often doesn’t work, unfortunately. There are ways to take care of the problem yourself, but it’s always labor-intensive.

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Things You Can Do

  • Reduce clutter. Take toys, blankets, stuffed animals, and other soft items that may attract bedbugs and put them in a plastic bag with Nuvan strips.
  • Launder infested linens with hot water (at least 120 degrees Fahrenheit) or heat the linens in the dryer, and then keep them away from the infected area.
  • Safely use a blow-dryer to force out bedbugs from places like your mattress and then crush them with paper towels.
  • Wipe down stains with hot, soapy water. Scrub with a stiff brush to dislodge eggs.
  • Vacuum everything (like frames, floors, and furniture). Dispose of the vacuum bag outside of the home.
  • Take out all of the drawers of your dressers and furniture to see if bedbugs lurk there.
  • Encase your mattress and box spring in covers that are labeled with “for bedbugs.”
  • Seal cracks, tighten switch covers, and try to limit overall the access to the outside world.
  • If you need to throw something out, don’t just put it on the street; it should be wrapped in plastic and labeled. Box springs are usually the items that are so infested that they need to go.
  • If you do need pesticides, I advise calling a pest-control company. Don’t attempt using a fogger, as it won’t work.
  • Even after you’re done, be on the lookout at least every seven days.
  • Create a DIY bedbug interceptor to prevent and catch them.

www.bbcleaningservice.com

How best to snag and destroy bedbugs?

Share story

Summer is a time of travel and fun. But with every bed an exhausted traveler falls into after a day of sightseeing, the chances of bringing home an unwanted bug increase.

Bedbugs don’t fly or jump or come in from your garden. They crawl very quickly and are great at hiding in your luggage when you travel and hitching a ride into your home — or hotel room.

«It would probably be a prudent thing to do a quick bed check if you’re sleeping in a strange bed,» says Michael Potter, an entomologist at the University of Kentucky who researches bedbugs. His recommendation goes for beds in fancy hotel rooms, as well as dorms and summer camp bunk beds.

So what does Potter do when he travels? First, he keeps his suitcase zipped up and on a credenza or metal luggage rack. Bedbugs have a hard time climbing up smooth surfaces like metal.

Next, he recommends pulling back the sheet at the head of the bed and checking the seams on the top and bottom of the mattress and the box spring. Contrary to popular belief, bedbugs don’t burrow into mattresses; they stay on the surface. And after feeding on us they find a hideout, where they leave telltale brown or yellow droplets of digested blood called fecal spots. If they have already had a chance to reproduce, their nest might include translucent egg casings and young yellowish nymphs.

«They’re more of a nest-type of insect,» says Bill Donahue, an entomologist and owner of Sierra Research Laboratories in Modesto, Calif., where he evaluates treatments against bedbugs and other pests. «There are areas where the bedbugs will congregate.»

Adult bedbugs are about the size and color of an apple seed. Young bugs, called nymphs, are smaller and yellowish or white. Guided by the carbon dioxide and heat that sleeping humans emit, they crawl quickly up wooden bedposts and over sheets to stick their long mouth part in and drink for about five minutes, until they’re completely full. They then hide in a nearby cranny, like the seam of the mattress or behind a baseboard.

«Heaven forbid you wake up with itchy red welts during your stay,» Potter says. «Then you want to be incredibly vigilant when you get home.»

Protect your home

He suggests putting clothes in the dryer or leaving unzipped suitcases inside a hot car, since bedbugs are susceptible to high temperatures. Some people take days, even weeks, to react to a bedbug bite, so bites aren’t a great indicator of when you were exposed to them. And though some people can suffer a severe skin reaction, bedbugs aren’t known to transmit any diseases.

Until the 1940s, bedbugs were a common occurrence in the U.S. After being nearly eradicated by the spraying of DDT in the 1950s, they’ve made a comeback worldwide in the past 20 years, aided by the widespread movement of people. They’ve been found all around the country in settings as varied as schools, dorms, hospitals, theaters, moving vans and even funeral homes, according to Potter. And they also move around on secondhand furniture.

Apartment dwellers are more vulnerable to infestation, as bugs can crawl from one flat to another. Because bedbugs hide, they’re difficult to treat without the help of a professional, and the treatments can be expensive.

«If you think you have bedbugs, let your landlord know right away,» says entomologist Andrew Sutherland, the University of California’s urban pest management adviser for the San Francisco Bay Area. «It’s their responsibility to do inspections and to hire a reputable pest control operator to take care of the problem.»

Treat with heat

Because bedbugs are vulnerable to heat, a thermal treatment is «the gold standard,» says Luis Agurto, CEO of Pestec, a pest control company in the San Francisco Bay Area. Pestec places big heaters throughout an infested residence and warms it up to 122 degrees Fahrenheit for two hours. Technicians armed with «guns» blow hot air into areas where bedbugs might be hiding.

«We’re basically making a big convection oven,» Agurto explains.

After a thermal treatment, Pestec monitors for bedbugs for several weeks by placing a hard plastic cup under each bedpost. The insects have no trouble climbing up the rough outside of these so-called interceptor cups, but they get trapped by the smooth inner surface, which they’re unable to scale. The company also uses insecticides and vacuum cleaners to get rid of infestations.

Scientists are working hard to expand their eradication tool set. At the University of California, Irvine, biologist and engineer Catherine Loudon is collaborating with several engineering labs on campus to create synthetic surfaces that could better trap the bugs. She was inspired by the tiny hooked hairs that grow from the leaves of some varieties of beans, such as kidney and green beans. In nature, these spiky hairs, called trichomes, pierce the feet of the aphids and leafhoppers that like to feed on them.

Balkan folk wisdom seeds science

Loudon got the idea from Potter, of the University of Kentucky, who mentioned to her a folk remedy he had read about. Residents of the Balkan countries used to spread bean leaves around their beds, Potter told her, and in the morning they’d find bedbugs attached to the leaves. The bugs’ feet, it turned out, were getting impaled by the hooked hairs. Researchers have found that trichomes are just as effective against bedbugs, even though they don’t feed on leaves.

Loudon’s goal is to mimic a bean leaf’s mechanism to create an inexpensive, portable trap.

«You could imagine a strip that would act as a barrier that could be placed virtually anywhere: across the portal to a room; behind the headboard; on subway seats; an airplane,» Loudon says. «They have six legs, so that’s six opportunities to get trapped.»

See also:  Where is my stimulus check: Experts answer questions about payments

This post and video were produced by Deep Look, a wildlife video series from KQED and PBS Digital Studios that explores «the unseen at the very edge of our visible world.»

KQED’s Gabriela Quiros is the coordinating producer of the series. KQED’s Laura Shields contributed reporting.

Copyright 2019 KQED. To see more, visit KQED.

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How Best To Snag And Destroy Bedbugs?

Share

Summer is a time of travel and fun. But with every bed an exhausted traveler falls into after a day of sightseeing, the chances of bringing home an unwanted bug increase.

Bedbugs don’t fly or jump or come in from your garden. They crawl very quickly and are great at hiding in your luggage when you travel, and hitching a ride into your home — or hotel room.

«It would probably be a prudent thing to do a quick bed check if you’re sleeping in a strange bed,» says Michael Potter, an entomologist at the University of Kentucky who researches bedbugs. His recommendation goes for beds in fancy hotel rooms, as well as dorms and summer camp bunk beds.

So what does Potter do when he travels? First, he keeps his suitcase zipped up and on a credenza or metal luggage rack. Bedbugs have a hard time climbing up smooth surfaces like metal.

Next, he recommends pulling back the sheet at the head of the bed and checking the seams on the top and bottom of the mattress and the box spring. Contrary to popular belief, bedbugs don’t burrow into mattresses; they stay on the surface. And after feeding on us they find a hideout, where they leave telltale brown or yellow droplets of digested blood called fecal spots. If they have already had a chance to reproduce, their nest might include translucent egg casings and young yellowish nymphs.

«They’re more of a nest-type of insect,» says Bill Donahue, an entomologist and owner of Sierra Research Laboratories in Modesto, Calif., where he evaluates treatments against bedbugs and other pests. «There are areas where the bedbugs will congregate.»

Adult bedbugs are about the size and color of an apple seed. Young bugs, called nymphs, are smaller and yellowish or white. Guided by the carbon dioxide and heat that sleeping humans emit, they crawl quickly up wooden bedposts and over sheets to stick their long mouth part in and drink for about five minutes, until they’re completely full. They then hide in a nearby cranny, like the seam of the mattress or behind a baseboard.

«Heaven forbid you wake up with itchy red welts during your stay,» Potter says. «Then you want to be incredibly vigilant when you get home.»

Protect your home

He suggests putting clothes in the dryer or leaving unzipped suitcases inside a hot car, since bedbugs are susceptible to high temperatures. Some people take days, even weeks, to react to a bedbug bite, so bites aren’t a great indicator of when you were exposed to them. And though some people can suffer a severe skin reaction, bedbugs aren’t known to transmit any diseases.

Until the 1940s, bedbugs were a common occurrence in the U.S. After being nearly eradicated by the spraying of DDT in the 1950s, they’ve made a comeback worldwide in the past 20 years, aided by the widespread movement of people. They’ve been found all around the country in settings as varied as schools, dorms, hospitals, theaters, moving vans and even funeral homes, according to Potter. And they also move around on secondhand furniture.

Apartment dwellers are more vulnerable to infestation, as bugs can crawl from one flat to another. Because bedbugs hide, they’re difficult to treat without the help of a professional, and the treatments can be expensive.

«If you think you have bedbugs, let your landlord know right away,» says entomologist Andrew Sutherland, the University of California’s urban pest management adviser for the San Francisco Bay Area. «It’s their responsibility to do inspections and to hire a reputable pest control operator to take care of the problem.»

Treat with heat

Because bedbugs are vulnerable to heat, a thermal treatment is «the gold standard,» says Luis Agurto, CEO of Pestec, a pest control company in the San Francisco Bay Area. Pestec places big heaters throughout an infested residence and warms it up to 122 degrees Farenheit for two hours. Technicians armed with «guns» blow hot air into areas where bed bugs might be hiding.

«We’re basically making a big convection oven,» Agurto explains.

After a thermal treatment, Pestec monitors for bedbugs for several weeks by placing a hard plastic cup under each bedpost. The insects have no trouble climbing up the rough outside of these so-called interceptor cups, but they get trapped by the smooth inner surface, which they’re unable to scale. The company also uses insecticides and vacuum cleaners to get rid of infestations.

Scientists are working hard to expand their eradication tool set. At the University of California, Irvine, biologist and engineer Catherine Loudon is collaborating with several engineering labs on campus to create synthetic surfaces that could better trap the bugs. She was inspired by the tiny hooked hairs that grow from the leaves of some varieties of beans, such as kidney and green beans. In nature, these spiky hairs, called trichomes, pierce through the feet of the aphids and leafhoppers that like to feed on them.

Balkan folk wisdom seeds science

Loudon got the idea from Potter, of the University of Kentucky, who mentioned to her a folk remedy he had read about. Residents of the Balkan countries used to spread bean leaves around their beds, Potter told her, and in the morning they’d find bedbugs attached to the leaves. The bugs’ feet, it turned out, were getting impaled by the hooked hairs. Researchers have found that trichomes are just as effective against bed bugs, even though they don’t feed on leaves.

Loudon’s goal is to mimic a bean leaf’s mechanism to create an inexpensive, portable trap.

«You could imagine a strip that would act as a barrier that could be placed virtually anywhere: across the portal to a room; behind the headboard; on subway seats; an airplane,» Loudon says. «They have six legs, so that’s six opportunities to get trapped.»

This post and video were produced by Deep Look, a wildlife video series from KQED and PBS Digital Studios that explores «the unseen at the very edge of our visible world.»

KQED’s Gabriela Quirós is the coordinating producer of the series. KQED’s Laura Shields contributed reporting.

Copyright 2019 KQED. To see more, visit KQED.

www.wgbh.org

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