5 Home Remedies for Itching, HowStuffWorks

5 Home Remedies for Itching

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To scratch or not to scratch, that is the question. When confronted with an itch, most of us tend to throw self-discipline out the door and scratch to our skin’s content. While that may prove momentarily satisfying, scratching excessively can injure your skin. And if you break the skin, you leave yourself open to infection.

Itching, medically known as pruritus, is caused by stimuli bugging some part of our skin. There are a lot of places to bother on the body, too. The average adult has 20 square feet (2 square meters) of skin, all open to the world of irritants. When something bothers our skin, an itch is a built-in defense mechanism that alerts the body that someone is knocking. We respond to an itch with a scratch, as most people want to remove the problem. But the scratching can also set you up for the «itch-scratch» cycle, where one leads to the other endlessly.

An itch can range from a mild nuisance to a disrupting, damaging, and sleep-depriving fiasco. Itches happen for many reasons, including allergic reactions; sunburns; insect bites; poison ivy; reactions to chemicals, soaps, and detergents; medication; dry weather; skin infections; and even aging. More serious itches, such as those caused by psoriasis or other diseases, are not covered here.

Scratching isn’t the only solution to an itch. The kitchen cupboards hold a few more. See the next page to learn about easy remedies.

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18 Effective Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Itching Skin

18 Effective Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Itching Skin

The relief that comes after scratching an occasional itch is unbeatable. But what if you feel itchy every now and then? And worse, what if the constant itching results in a scar for a lifetime? Although it is completely normal to feel itchy once in a while, when it lasts longer than usual, it is a cause for concern. In this article we have listed some home remedies to get rid of itching skin.

Table Of Contents

What Is An Itch (Pruritus)?

An itch is a sensation that arises from the irritation of the skin or nerve cells. It is medically known as pruritus. This skin condition could be a result of various factors, a few of which are discussed below.

What Causes Itchy Skin?

The common causes of itchy skin are:

  • Dry skin or xerosis
  • Skin irritation or rashes
  • Internal diseases like liver disease or kidney failure
  • Nervous system disorders like multiple sclerosis, diabetes, or pinched nerve
  • Allergic reaction to wool and chemicals in cosmetics or even soaps
  • Reaction to antibiotic, antifungal, or narcotic drugs
  • Pregnancy
  • Older age
  • Environmental factors, such as air conditioning, washing or bathing too often

Pruritus is accompanied by the following symptoms.

Signs And Symptoms Of Itchy Skin

You may experience itching in certain body parts, like your arms or legs, or all over your body. This sensation is accompanied by other noticeable changes like:

  • Redness and spots
  • Bumps or blisters
  • Dry and peeling skin
  • Scaly skin

Itchy skin can occur over a long period and even interfere with your daily activities. Thus, treating it before it turns into a rash and becomes infected is necessary. If you are among those suffering from itchy skin or pruritus, you can try out the following remedies to help solve your problem.

18 Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Itching Skin

How To Treat Pruritus Naturally

1. Baking Soda Bath

You Will Need
  • 1 cup of baking soda
  • Bathwater
What You Have To Do
  1. Add a cup of baking soda to your bathwater and allow it to dissolve.
  2. Soak in the water for 15 to 20 minutes and then pat dry your skin.
How Often You Should Do This

You can do this once daily.

Why This Works

Baking soda is one of the best remedies for relieving itches. It exhibits anti-inflammatory properties that help in reducing the inflammation and itchiness on your skin (1). The alkaline nature of baking soda also acts as a natural acid neutralizer, which can help soothe your skin (2).

2. Apple Cider Vinegar

You Will Need
  • 2 cups of apple cider vinegar
  • Bathwater
What You Have To Do
  1. Add two cups of apple cider vinegar to your bathwater and soak in it for 15 to 20 minutes.
  2. Towel dry your skin.
  3. For relieving localized itchiness, you can dilute a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar with half a cup of water and apply it to the affected areas using a cotton ball.
How Often You Should Do This

You must do this once daily for best results.

Why This Works

Apple cider vinegar contains certain enzymes that can help restore the pH balance of your skin. Its anti-inflammatory properties reduce the itchy symptoms, while its antimicrobial properties prevent infections (3).

3. Oatmeal Bath

You Will Need
  • 2 cups of oatmeal
  • Bathwater
What You Have To Do
  1. Add two cups of oatmeal to your bathwater.
  2. Soak in your bath for 15 to 20 minutes. Gently scrub some of the oatmeal on the itchy areas.
How Often You Should Do This

You must do this once daily.

Why This Works

Oatmeal has soothing effects that can help in relieving itchy skin. These effects are due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties (4).

4. Coconut Oil

You Will Need

Coconut oil (as required)

What You Have To Do
  1. After soaking in a lukewarm bath, pat yourself dry and apply coconut oil to the affected areas.
  2. If you feel itchy everywhere, it is a good idea to massage the oil all over your body.
How Often You Should Do This
Why This Works

Coconut oil contains medium-chain fatty acids that have antihistamine and anti-inflammatory properties, which help soothe the itching. The oil is also highly moisturizing and can help fight one of the major causes of pruritus – dry skin (5).

5. Holy Basil

You Will Need

6-8 holy basil (tulsi) leaves

What You Have To Do
  1. Grind a few basil leaves and apply the paste to the affected areas.
  2. Alternatively, you can also gently scrub the leaves directly on your skin.
  3. Or brew some basil tea and apply it all over your body using cotton balls.
How Often You Should Do This

You can do this daily for immediate relief from itching.

Why This Works

Basil is a rich source of eugenol, thymol, and camphor, which help reduce the inflammation and itchiness with their antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties (6), (7).

6. Neem

You Will Need
  • Neem leaves (as required)
  • Bathwater
What You Have To Do
  1. Put a bunch of neem leaves in steaming hot water.
  2. Allow them to steep for 10 to 15 minutes.
  3. Once the water turns lukewarm, go ahead and take a bath with it.
How Often You Should Do This

You can do this every alternate day.

Why This Works

Neem, also known as Indian lilac, is another therapeutic herb that can fight itching skin. It is a strong antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory agent, which enables it to combat pruritus (8).

7. Sesame Seed Oil

You Will Need

Sesame oil (as required)

What You Have To Do
  1. Take some sesame oil and apply it to the affected areas after a shower.
  2. You can also massage this oil all over your body.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this daily or every alternate day.

Why This Works

Sesame oil is a rich source of antioxidants and is hence great for your skin. It is also known for its inflammation-reducing properties that can prove quite beneficial in soothing the redness and itchiness on your skin (9).

8. Mint

You Will Need
  • A handful of mint leaves
  • 500 mL of water
  • Cotton balls
What You Have To Do
  1. Put a handful of mint leaves in 500 mL of water and bring it to a boil in a saucepan.
  2. Cover the solution and allow it cool.
  3. Once the solution cools down, strain it and soak a cotton ball in it.
  4. Apply it to all the affected areas.
How Often You Should Do This

You can do this 1 to 2 times daily for quick relief from itchy skin.

Why This Works

One of the major components present in mint leaves is menthol. Menthol has anti-inflammatory and anesthetic properties, which work wonders in getting rid of itchy and inflamed skin (10), (11).

9. Lemon

You Will Need
  • 1- 2 lemons
  • Cotton pads
What You Have To Do
  1. Squeeze the juice from a lemon or two.
  2. Dip a cotton pad in the lemon extract and apply it to the itching areas. Allow it to dry.
  3. Wash it off with water.
  4. If you have sensitive skin, dilute the lemon juice with some water before applying it.
How Often You Should Do This

You must do this twice daily for effective results.

Why This Works

Lemons are rich in citric and acetic acids, which have anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant, and astringent properties that help in treating itching and inflamed skin (12), (13).

10. Fenugreek Seeds

You Will Need

1-2 cups of fenugreek seeds

What You Have To Do
  1. Soak the fenugreek seeds in water for an hour.
  2. Grind the soaked fenugreek seeds with a little water to form a thick paste.
  3. Apply the paste all over your body. In case of localized itching, apply it only to the affected areas.
  4. Allow the paste to dry, after which you can wash it off with water.
How Often You Should Do This

You must do this at least thrice a week.

Why This Works

Fenugreek seeds have anti-inflammatory properties that can reduce the itching and inflammation to a great extent (14). They also exhibit excellent antimicrobial activities that help soothe the rashes and eliminate skin infections that may be causing your skin to itch (15).

11. Almond Oil

You Will Need

Almond oil (as required)

What You Have To Do

Take some almond oil and apply it all over your body (or the itchy areas) after a shower.

How Often You Should Do This

You can do this daily.

Why This Works

Almond oil keeps your skin well hydrated and also helps in reducing the symptoms of itchy skin. This is because it possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-itch properties that can speed the healing of itching and inflamed skin (16).

12. Honey

You Will Need

Honey (as required)

What You Have To Do
  1. Take some honey and heat it lightly.
  2. Apply the warm honey directly to the itchy areas.
  3. Leave it on for 10 to 15 minutes and then wash it off with water.
How Often You Should Do This

You must do this 1 to 2 times daily.

Why This Works

Honey exhibits natural humectant properties that prevent your skin from drying. This, in turn, helps reduce itching. Honey also possesses anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties that help reduce the symptoms of itching and prevent skin infections (17), (18).

13. Cold Compress

You Will Need
What You Have To Do
  1. Take an ice pack and apply it on the affected area for a few minutes.
  2. Repeat on all the itching areas of your skin.
How Often You Should Do This

You can do this daily to get quick relief from itching skin.

Why This Works

The cold temperature and anti-inflammatory properties of the ice pack help in calming down itching skin (19).

14. Aloe Vera

You Will Need

2 tablespoons of aloe vera gel

What You Have To Do
  1. Take two tablespoons of aloe vera gel and apply it directly to all the itching areas.
  2. Leave it on for 15 to 20 minutes, after which you can wash it off with water.
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How Often You Should Do This

You must do this once daily.

Why This Works

Aloe vera is widely used for its natural healing and soothing properties. This is because the plant possesses anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties (20). Aloe vera is also a great source of vitamin E and can hence help prevent your skin from drying out and itching (21).

15. Olive Oil

You Will Need

Olive oil (as required)

What You Have To Do

Take some olive oil in your hands and apply it all over the affected areas right after a shower.

How Often You Should Do This

You must do this once daily to lock in the moisture in your skin.

Why This Works

Olive oil is a great source of antioxidants, thanks to the polyphenols it contains. These polyphenols possess anti-inflammatory properties that can reduce the itching (22). The oil is also one of the best hydrating oils and can hence prevent your skin from drying and itching (23).

16. Essential Oils

a. Peppermint Oil

You Will Need
  • 2- 3 drops of peppermint oil
  • 1 tablespoon of any carrier oil (coconut or olive oil)
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix the peppermint oil with any carrier oil.
  2. Apply it to the affected areas.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this 1 to 2 times daily.

Why This Works

Peppermint oil contains menthol that is well known for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, which make it an apt remedy for getting rid of itching and inflamed skin (24), (25).

b. Tea Tree Oil

You Will Need
  • 2-3 drops of tea tree oil
  • 1 tablespoon of any carrier oil (olive or coconut oil)
What You Have To Do
  1. Add three drops of tea tree oil to a tablespoon of any carrier oil and mix well.
  2. Apply this mixture directly to your itching skin and allow it to be absorbed.
How Often You Should Do This

You must do this at least once daily.

Why This Works

Tea tree oil is a widely used essential oil for treating a variety of skin ailments. The natural antiseptic, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties of tea tree oil make it suitable to treat acne, warts, boils, and even itching skin and rashes (26), (27).

17. Garlic

You Will Need
  • 2-3 cloves of garlic
  • 1/2 cup of olive oil
What You Have To Do
  1. Mince the garlic cloves and heat in a saucepan with half a cup of olive oil. Do not overheat.
  2. Allow the oil and garlic to infuse overnight.
  3. The next morning, apply this oil to all the affected areas.
  4. Leave it on for 20 to 30 minutes and then wash it off with water.
How Often You Should Do This

You must do this once daily.

Why This Works

Garlic, due to its powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, is used to treat various skin and health ailments, including pruritus (28), (29). The topical application of garlic relieves itching skin. Additionally, the presence of olive oil ensures that your skin remains hydrated, thus preventing further drying and itching.

18. Vitamins

In addition to the topical treatments, you should also consider taking some vitamins that are known to alleviate the symptoms of itching. Vitamins A, C, and E can help in the treatment as well as prevention of itching skin.

Vitamin A keeps your skin healthy and nourished by promoting the production and growth of skin cells (30). Vitamin C is responsible for the production of collagen, a protein that is necessary for the healing of your skin (31). Vitamins C and E also exhibit antioxidant properties that can protect your skin from free radical damage (32).

Hence, it is important to increase the intake of these vitamins to assist in the treatment of pruritus. You can either take supplements of these after consulting your doctor or increase your intake of foods rich in these vitamins like eggs, cheese, milk, citrus fruits, leafy green vegetables, and nuts. You can also add a high-quality probiotic as many times, skin issues are directly related to gut health.

The above remedies will undoubtedly work well in relieving itchy skin. If you have developed a rash or skin condition that causes itching, there are a few tips you can follow to avoid it.

How To Prevent Itching

The following measures can help in preventing itching:

  • Wear loose-fitting, cotton clothing.
  • Use a humidifier to keep your surroundings humid and prevent your skin from drying and turning itchy.
  • Keep your nails trimmed.
  • Shower daily.
  • Keep your stress levels under control.
  • Limit or avoid intake of caffeine and alcohol.
  • Drink lots of water and keep yourself well hydrated.
  • Keep your skin moisturized – use a good moisturizer.
  • Check for allergic reactions to certain foods like milk, eggs, peanuts, fish, mushrooms, etc., and avoid them.
  • Change out potentially chemically harmful household products such as: laundry detergent/softener, dryer sheets, shampoo, soap, lotion etc…to more natural, chemical, and fragrance-free products.

In some cases, the itching can become intense and last for a long time. If you notice any of the following symptoms, you must consult your dermatologist immediately.

When To Visit A Doctor

Visit your skin specialist immediately if the itching:

  • Lasts for several weeks
  • Doesn’t improve even after self-care
  • Is severe
  • Begins suddenly without explanation
  • Affects the entire body
  • Is accompanied by signs of tiredness, weight loss, or fever
  • Has turned into an infection or is scarring

Itchy skin may lead to severe complications like infections and scarring if it is left unattended for too long. Hence, the moment you notice any unusual itchy sensation, treat it right away using the natural remedies we have listed here. If you have any doubts or queries, please post them in the comments section below.

Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions

Is it possible to be allergic to water?

As surprising as it sounds, some people are indeed allergic to water. This condition is called aquagenic urticaria. Individuals affected by this condition tend to develop hives when they come in contact with water.

Can dry skin cause itching?

Yes. In fact, dry skin is one of the major causes of itchy skin or pruritus. Hence, keep your skin well-moisturized to overcome this.

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How to relieve itching and redness from mosquito bites at home?

Each of us has been bitten by an insect at least once in a lifetime. Some bites pass quickly and do not bring any discomfort. Others, on the contrary, experience severe itching, burning, swelling appears on the skin. Before you start a fight with unpleasant symptoms, you need to find out which insect has bitten.

In this article, we will detail the symptoms, causes, and how to relieve itching from an insect bite.

Bitten by a blood-sucking or parasitic insect: what to do

Unpleasant symptoms after insect bites appear due to the fact that they release harmful substances into the human blood. The least harmful parasites are bloodsucking. If you know which particular insect made the bite, then damage to the epidermis can be repaired in just a few days.

The following pests belong to bloodsucking and parasitizing:

  • Mosquitoes. An ordinary mosquito bite is accompanied by burning, redness and slight swelling. When combing the skin, the itching becomes stronger.
  • Ticks At the time of a bite, a person does not feel any pain. Later, inflammation and an allergic reaction appear on the skin. Also, the patient may experience weakness, chills, and drowsiness.
  • Different types of flies. Almost immediately after a bite of horseflies, edema, itching and redness occur on the skin. With multiple lesions of the epidermis, a person rises in temperature.
  • Lice. Because of these parasites, the head is very itchy, a person has a lot of white-yellow eggs on the back of his head.
  • Gadgets. It is difficult not to notice the skin lesion, since the swelling is accompanied by severe pain, itching and an allergic reaction. Also, a person has headaches, fever (38-39 degrees), nausea and diarrhea.
  • Bed bugs. When this insect has bitten, the red spot itches. An allergic reaction may also occur.
  • Fleas. Bites of these parasites cause pulicosis (skin lesions, accompanied by itching).

The manifestation of unpleasant symptoms depends on the body’s immune response to the stimulus. In some people, with an insect bite, slight redness, swelling, and itching occur on the skin. Others may experience an allergic reaction, fever, and severe burning sensation.

Lump or swelling from an insect bite

Sometimes a bump is formed at or around the site of the bite. It indicates that the human body can not quickly remove harmful substances that enter the bloodstream. This happens with reduced immunity. Swelling can occur due to mosquito bites, some species of flies, hornets and other blood-sucking insects.

Symptoms with a bite of poisonous insects

Poisonous substances in human blood usually emit wasps, bees and hornets. Components that enter the body cause toxic reactions. First, a person’s nerve tissue is affected, and then the blood itself.

Not noticing their bite is quite difficult. Symptoms indicating damage to the body by toxic substances:

  1. A sharp burning pain at the time of the bite.
  2. Edema forms on the skin, which quickly spreads to large areas of the epidermis.
  3. Around the affected area appears bright red inflammation.
  4. A bitten person worsens sharply. Weakness and dizziness appear.
  5. A limb that has been bitten is numb.
  6. Blood pressure decreases.

If you have found the above symptoms in yourself or another person, then you need to give him first aid, and then send him to the hospital. Timely removal of toxic substances from the body prevents the development of complications.

How to behave in the prehospital phase? First aid

The biggest mistake people make when they bite poisonous insects is panic. Therefore, if you encounter a similar problem, then you need to calm down. Calmness and confidence will help you properly provide first aid.

To help a bitten person, you must complete the following steps:

  1. Lay it on a flat surface.
  2. In case of skin damage by stinging insects (hornet, wasp, bumblebee, bee), remove the sting from the epidermis. It is advisable to use tweezers for these purposes. Then it is necessary to suck out the poison from the wound (toxic substances will not cause harm to the oral cavity).
  3. A compress with ice should be applied to the bite site. Hold it for 10 minutes.
  4. Not everyone knows how to smear the bites of poisonous insects. For these purposes, it is advisable to use alcohol, an antiseptic, hydrogen peroxide or the drug Menovazin.
  5. With a bandage or any other cloth, the skin is tied up, which is located above the bitten place. It is not necessary to tie strongly tight.
  6. If you feel unwell, a person should adhere to bed rest and take plenty of hot drink.

The above methods allow you to suspend the spread of toxic substances in the body.

Medical expert articles

The joy of the onset of warm and gentle summer days is often overshadowed by the awakening of small bloodsuckers, whose bites are accompanied by the appearance of small itchy pimples. Hordes of mosquitoes do not allow a normal rest in nature, especially near the water. There is no escape from them in their own apartment, where they actively operate at night, penetrating the room through open windows and doors. And in the morning we comb the traces of the «crime» of a bloodsucker to the blood, risking a dangerous infection. Understanding this, many people are interested in advance how and how to remove itching from mosquito bites, because this makes it possible not only to avoid the appearance of an unpleasant symptom, but also to prevent the undesirable consequences of scratching on the skin.

Why does itch from a mosquito bite?

Mosquitoes are two-winged insects that live all over the globe with the exception of Antarctica. There are many varieties of this small parasite, and some of them are considered carriers of dangerous diseases. Others just give people a lot of unpleasant minutes only by the fact that with their nasty thin squeak they interfere with sleep at night and leave marks on the body that itch terribly and blush.

Regardless of the type of mosquito, almost all of them tend to eat the blood of animals and humans, despite the fact that the main food for them remains plant nectar. But vegetarians are predominantly male insects. But female mosquitoes need blood to procreate, because it contains protein (the main building material of eggs laid by insects), lipids and amino acids, which are necessary for the development of larvae.

If a female mosquito does not receive such valuable food, it is not capable of reproducing a sufficient number of eggs. A hungry insect can lay no more than 10 eggs, while a well-fed female will have stronger and more numerous offspring (up to 280 larvae). It is the instinct of procreation that is the driving force for mosquitoes, which for this reason settle near food sources (people and animals).

But even understanding the physiological needs of involuntary companions, a person cannot rejoice in such a neighborhood. And although the insect is not poisonous, a person can no longer treat it without hostility and fear because of the torment that the winged parasite delivers. And the reason for these torments lies in the saliva of a mosquito.

Many bloodsuckers inject substances with anesthetizing and blood-thinning properties into the blood during the puncture of the victim’s skin. The first is necessary as a way of survival (the victim will not feel a bite, which will increase the chances of being unnoticed). But the anticoagulants in saliva are necessary so that the blood does not clot from contact with air, and the insect can receive the necessary dose of nutrients.

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The culprits of why itching appears from a mosquito bite, again, are anticoagulants, which are considered known allergens. Itching at the site of a bite is nothing more than a manifestation of an allergic reaction. Moreover, the body of different people reacts to bites in different ways. In a person not prone to allergies, saliva will cause only mild irritation and slight itching. And people with sensitive skin and a tendency to allergic reactions from a mosquito bite can experience severe itching and other unpleasant symptoms, such as local hyperemia and swelling of the tissues, which is manifested by the formation of a red tubercle at the site of skin puncture.

Itching, redness and swelling from a mosquito bite are often observed in young children. The reason for such a pronounced reaction is the lack of formation of the immune system (and as a result the appearance of allergic reactions to many irritants) of the baby. In addition, the skin of a child is more tender and sensitive than that of an adult. The ease of piercing it is very attractive for various bloodsuckers, which becomes a problem for both the child and his parents, because it is difficult to convince the baby not to touch the itchy pimple, even if it is difficult for a careful adult to resist combing a scratching place.

Looking at the baby’s suffering, you involuntarily think about how to quickly remove the itch from mosquito bites so that your child can sleep peacefully at night and walk during the day, without risk of bringing the infection into a combed wound. And he himself is somehow calmer when the skin does not itch and does not hurt, as is the case with severe redness and swelling. It is clear that it is easier to prevent bites by using innovative technologies in the form of mosquito nets, fumigators, repellent sprays and mosquito nets or stickers on children’s clothing, but since prevention has not worked out, at least measures should be taken to eliminate itching. After all, an insect bite itself is not dangerous for a person, unlike the consequences that can be when combing a bite.

Yes, it is not always possible to protect yourself and your children from the attack of dipteran bloodsuckers, so just in case you need to have information on how and how to remove the itch from mosquito bites. Because of them, they should not refuse a full-fledged family outdoor recreation, fascinating fishing, or evening friendly gatherings around the campfire.

Danger insects

The main danger for people who live in the middle latitudes is the bites of insects such as bees, wasps and bumblebees. Usually they do not bite to provide themselves with food, but for defense. At the same time, poison enters the human body containing active proteins and substances — strong allergens. Redness and swelling appear in the area of ​​the bite. Different insects attack a person in different ways. How to relieve itching from an insect bite? This will be written later, but for now it is necessary to list their most dangerous types. According to existing statistics, 4 times more people die from bee and wasp stings than from snake bites.

A person, in addition to receiving negative feelings, is at risk of being infected with an infection:

  • malaria mosquitoes can cause malaria,
  • lice — relapsing fever and rickettsiosis,
  • fleas — bubonic plague,
  • ticks — Lyme disease,
  • spiders (black widow) — serious complications, sometimes even death.

In the case of a bite of these insects, a person needs to seek medical help to avoid the development of serious diseases.

How to get rid of itching after an insect bite: therapeutic measures

To do this, follow certain steps. These include:

  1. Treatment of the affected area with an antiseptic. For these purposes, you can use iodine, alcohol or hydrogen peroxide. Normal rinsing with water will not be enough.
  2. The use of hygienic baths. You also need to thoroughly wash the bite with soap and water.
  3. To eliminate unpleasant symptoms, a compress or lotion based on diluted alcohol is used.
  4. Compress using hormonal ointments from insect bites.
  5. With a more severe lesion, antihistamines are prescribed to the person.

You should not expect instant effects from these products. You can get rid of unpleasant symptoms only 2-3 days after the regular use of drugs.

Folk remedies

How to remove itching using folk remedies? If you have slight redness and itching, then attach a piece of ice wrapped in gauze to the epidermis. You can repeat a similar procedure every 2-3 hours.

With an average degree of damage, it is advisable to use anti-itching preparations prepared at home.

Gels and ointments for insect bites from itching

In order to relieve itching after bites, doctors recommend the use of antihistamines. Children are advised to use drops, as they do not cause drowsiness. Zirtek and Fenistil funds do not have a negative effect on the children’s body.

They help fight itching, reduce swelling and redness in just 1-2 days.

After insect bites, such drugs well help:

  • Levomekol. Used for disinfection of wounds, antimicrobial and antiviral therapy. With insect bites it is used as an anti-inflammatory agent.
  • Advantan. Excellent anti-allergic ointment, helps to localize inflammation and reduce edema. But the drug has a minus — hormonal effects, so it is not recommended to gel large areas with gel.
  • Hydrocortisone ointment. The tool has a hormonal effect. Ointment blocks the production of histamine in the body, thereby reducing the spread of an allergic reaction. It is used to prevent the development of anaphylactic shock during the bite of poisonous insects.
  • Akriderm. The ointment is used for applying to the places of bites of bugs and mosquitoes. Akriderm reduces itching and relieves rash.
  • Mosquitall gel balm and Gardex gel. They have a delicate effect, so there are forms of release of the drug for children. Quickly relieve itching, and also help prevent the attack of insects.
  • Menovazine. The drug has an analgesic effect, since the main active ingredient in the composition is menthol. Menovazine can treat bites of stinging insects and bedbugs. The tool will reduce pain, itching and provide a local feeling of coolness.

Adults can use antihistamines with the names: Tavegil, Claritin, or Suprastin.

They come in several forms: tablets, injections, syrup. Medications help with an allergic reaction caused by insect bites. There are side effects: they can cause decreased performance, weakness and drowsiness, are not recommended for children and pregnant women.

An allergic reaction to an insect bite

The appearance of allergies is directly related to the human immune system. All people react differently to stimuli. An unfavorable environmental situation, poor nutrition and bad habits increase the risk of developing an allergy to insect bites.

Usually it appears after damage to the epidermis by wasps, bumblebees or bees. Moreover, multiple bites can cause death. Also, allergies are observed in some people after exposure to mosquitoes, but they are less life threatening.

Symptoms of local and systemic allergies

It is quite difficult to independently distinguish an allergic reaction from other diseases, therefore, to establish a diagnosis, you must consult a doctor.

The main symptom of local and systemic allergies is a skin rash. It is located not only near a bitten place, but also on more distant areas of the skin. Usually the rashes are small, have a reddish tint. No less common symptom is swelling. It covers large areas of the body. Also, anaphylactic shock can develop in a person. It is most dangerous and requires immediate medical attention.

Treatment for local and systemic allergies: how to anoint a bite

Antihistamines are widely used to combat the symptoms of an allergic reaction. They can be taken both in tablet form and externally (balms, lotions, gels, etc.).

Oral medication is used to treat local allergies caused by multiple bites. In this case, doctors prescribe antimicrobial, antihistamines to patients. These include Hydrocortisone, D-Panthenol, and Bepanten.

They help to quickly eliminate unpleasant symptoms (relieve swelling and itching) and prevent the spread of rash. The fastest ointment for insect bites from itching is Fenistil. It is applied to the affected area up to four times a day. Side effects are extremely rare.

Also, as an additional method of treatment, folk remedies can be used. The most effective treatment for itching after bites is compresses made from baking soda or vinegar. A teaspoon of the product is diluted in 100 ml of water. Then wet the bandage in the resulting solution. Compress must be applied to the affected areas for 15 minutes.

With anaphylactic shock with loss of consciousness, the patient is prescribed resuscitation therapy. He undergoes mechanical ventilation and heart massage. A person needs to be taken to the hospital as soon as possible. There he will be given adrenaline, glucocorticoids and antihistamines will be prescribed.

Не стоит использовать народные методы лечения, как отдельное лекарство. Также желательно на время терапии отказаться от вредных привычек и правильно питаться. Это ускорит процесс выздоровления.

Нетрадиционные и специализированные средства после укусов комаров

Специальная антикомаринная продукция появилась не так давно, но проблема аллергии на укусы комаров и других кровососов существует уже многие годы. And you need to understand that all this time people did not sit idly by, suffering suffering and not thinking about how and how to remove itching from mosquito bites.

In the absence of drugs and specialized tools, people have developed many different folk recipes to help relieve itching and irritation after a bite. Later, effective pharmacy ointments and universal creams appeared that help in various situations (bruises, burns, injuries, etc.). Here are just a specialized pharmacy medicines, according to statistics, not everyone is turning to, preferring universal products used for many problems.

Such products include Boro Plus and Savior creams, Zvezdochka balm, creams and sprays with dexpanthenol, which are suitable for people of different ages in the absence of hypersensitivity to their components. I must say that such remedies for mosquito bites are used more often than pharmaceutical preparations. Although the effect of their use is less pronounced, they are usually always at hand and, in principle, safe.

Over time, it turned out that not only pharmacists were concerned about the problem of allergies to insect bites. In cosmetics stores and on the shelves of many supermarkets today you can find a variety of products for protection against insects. But since such protection is not always effective, along with this product, funds began to appear that help after mosquito bites.

Here is just a small list of such funds, which every day is becoming more and more:

  • “Deta” balm after insect bites for the whole family,
  • Cream «Bite OFF» of the company «Biocon» with menthol, essential oils and leech extract,
  • Gardex Family balm with D-panthenol, allantoin, echinacea extract, essential oils of mint and lavender,
  • Gel-balm after bites «Moskill» with extracts of 7 herbs,
  • Moskitol spray balm for all family members,
  • After biting balm “Kysh mosquito!”,
  • After insect bites 911
  • Balm «Summer without mosquitoes»,
  • Cream gel «Picnic» after insect bites with D-panthenol and chamomile, which can be used from the age of 1 year,
  • “Family picnic” balm with extracts of aloe, chamomile and calendula,
  • Cream-gel «Nezulin» with essential oils (basil and lavender, insect repellent, and mint with its cooling effect), plant extracts (chamomile, plantain, celandine, licorice), dexpanthenol.
  • similar products of foreign manufacturers.

The safety of such specialized products can be judged by the composition indicated on the package and the reaction of the body to them. I must say that itching after a mosquito repellent is a common symptom, and in most cases it indicates an allergic reaction to the remedy itself. Moreover, the body can itch both from repellents that repel insects, and from drugs designed to combat itching after their bites. In this case, it is better not to take risks so as not to earn a more serious allergic reaction.

If the body responds normally to the use of special means, it is quite logical to have such products on hand, just in case, especially in those periods when mosquitoes leave no other choice for a person. It’s better to treat the bite site with an “anti-mosquito” gel or spray than scratch it and infect it.

What symptoms accompany insect bites?

How to relieve itching and redness with insect bites? This will be discussed further, and now we will tell you what symptoms in this case arise.

Most bites are accompanied by:

  • swelling and swelling
  • pain
  • itching and skin irritation.

Despite the unpleasant sensations, it is impossible to comb the skin at the site of the bite due to a possible infection. Sometimes, in addition to the local reaction, a general one occurs — a rash throughout the body, loss of consciousness and respiratory failure. Death is sometimes possible. An allergic reaction can be divided into moderate and acute. In the first case, no special measures should be taken. The following symptoms occur: pain, itching, swelling, fever in the area of ​​the bite.

In case of an acute reaction of the body, urgent medical care is necessary, because it is possible:

  • palpitations,
  • dizziness,
  • skin rash
  • respiratory failure
  • lowering blood pressure.

Such a reaction to an insect bite is rare, but carries a danger to life. Sometimes 10 minutes is enough to cause anaphylactic shock, then loss of consciousness and death.

Using improvised tools that can be found in the kitchen

  1. Use lemon or lime.Cut it into pieces and gently rub it with the affected area (or you can just pour a little juice on the site of the bite). Citric acid helps reduce itching.
  2. Take some oatmeal that you bought for breakfast.Oatmeal is known for stopping itching. So make some kind of pasta by mixing oatmeal and a little water. Apply this slurry to the bite area and let the paste dry, then rinse it off with water.
  3. Add salt to the bite site to soften the meat.If you have a special seasoning for softening meat, take a little powder, mix with water and attach it to the bite site. Wait for the product to dry, then rinse it off with water.
  4. Apply some honey to the bite site.Honey will soothe the itchy area and relieve itching in the future.
  5. Apply apple cider vinegar to the bite site.Take a cotton pad and soak it in apple cider vinegar, then attach this cotton pad to the bite site. Leave it on for a few minutes. This should help reduce discomfort. In addition, you can make a paste of apple cider vinegar and flour. This will help not only soothe the itch, but also dry the bite site itself. Apply the paste to the affected area and wait until it dries. Then rinse with warm water.
  6. Try a paste of soda.To do this, mix 1 tablespoon (14 g) of baking soda and 2 cups of warm water. Gently apply the paste to the affected area. Leave it on for a few minutes, then rinse with warm water. An alkaline soda solution will help relieve itching from a bite.
See also:  Leaf-cutting Ants

Medicines

  1. Find over-the-counter remedies that relieve itching. For example, you can try Bite-off and Fenistil-gel. Hydrocortisone ointment and Calamine Lotion will also help relieve itching and swelling. Read the annotation that comes with these tools. If you can’t choose the drug yourself, consult your pharmacist.
  2. Make an aspirin paste.Aspirin will help relieve pain and reduce swelling and itching. Of course, you should not use this method if you are allergic to aspirin. An alternative would be a paste made from Tams tablets. She will help cope with itching.
  3. Wipe the affected area with alcohol.Alcohol has a cooling effect, which temporarily reduces itching. In addition, it dries out wounds from bites and helps to reduce swelling.
  4. Apply a little toothpaste to the bite area. This will help relieve itching. The best option would be the most common hygienic toothpaste. Apply a little paste to the bite area and let it dry overnight. Then wash the paste in cold water and soap in the morning. Toothpaste will dry the bite and help relieve irritation. You can use any paste, except for gel-based paste. Gel toothpaste is not suitable for this method.
  5. Try washing with soap.Just wash the bite area with soap. Soap and water may be enough to relieve itching. Take a mild soap that does not dry the skin and does not cause irritation.

Herbs and Essential Oils

  1. Try aloe vera.Apply a little aloe vera gel or break off an aloe leaf to relieve itching. Aloe is widely known for its ability to soothe and heal problem areas of the skin.
  2. Try basil.Fresh basil leaves, which should be crushed and applied to the affected area, naturally relieve itching. This plant contains thymol and camphor, which are natural remedies for reducing itching. Basil is also useful for repelling insects, so it will protect you from new bites.
  3. Attach the plantain.You can grind the leaves of plantain between your fingers so that juice flows out of them, or you can simply attach a juicy leaf of plantain to the bite area. Itching should go away in a minute or faster.
  4. Apply lavender oil.Rub lavender oil directly into the affected area of ​​the skin — this will help relieve itching quickly. As an alternative, you can rub the witch hazel ointment into the bite site.
  5. Try tea tree oil.This oil is known as a cure for many problems, and it helps relieve itching from mosquito bites. Add a drop of tea tree oil to the witch hazel ice compress. This will help relieve burning and itching.

Use of water, heat and pressure

  1. Press lightly on the bite area with your hand.Not too much, but tight enough — this will relieve the itching for a while.
  2. Take a relaxing, warm bath.Add some tea, 2 tablespoons (30 ml) of apple cider vinegar or 2 cups (280 g) of oatmeal to it to help relieve itching. You can add several essential oils to the bathtub to fill the bathtub not only with a pleasant aroma, but also soothe the skin. Make sure the water is not too hot. Do not stay in the water for longer than 20 minutes, because otherwise the effect of «drying» will occur.
  3. Attach a piece or ice cube to the bite site.Leave an ice cube in the affected area for about 20 minutes — this will help relieve itching.
  4. Press the bite area with a warm spoon.Immerse a metal spoon in hot water for a minute. Then remove the spoon from the water and let it cool for 5-10 seconds, then press it on the bite area. Put a spoon on a bite for 10-30 seconds. Repeat this exercise a couple more times while the spoon is still warm. This procedure should be done several times a day until the bite heals.

We treat midge bites

  • Vinegar. When biting midges, apply a cotton swab dipped in a solution of vinegar for 20-30 minutes to the “wounded” place.
  • Dandelion leaves. People also use such a recipe: chop the freshly torn dandelion leaf until the juice is secreted and apply it to the bite, bandaged or glued with a band-aid. This dressing is changed every 3 hours.
  • «Veronica officinalis». The bite site is washed with a strong decoction of the plant «Veronica officinalis». With this solution, the bite site is rubbed, and a cotton swab is moistened and applied to the affected area. The compress is covered with a film on top and wrapped with a bandage. This remedy also helps with spider bites.
  • Bow. A recognized remedy for midge bites is onions. The onion head is cut into two parts, applied to a bitten place and bandaged with a bandage.

We treat bites of wasps, bees and hornets

  • Garlic juice. If you or your child has been bitten by a flying “striped bandit,” the first thing you need to do is remove the sting from the wound. Then grease the skin with fresh garlic juice or apply garlic gruel. If it was not possible to get the sting, the wound began to fester and inflammation appeared, mix the garlic pulp with honey in equal parts, grease the wound, apply a bandage. The procedure must be repeated 2 times a day.
  • Leaves of cabbage and burdock. An effective folk remedy for treating an insect bite is a cabbage leaf. Cut off his thickened part and lower the sheet in boiling water for just one minute, so that it warms up and becomes softer. After that, attach it to the bite. For a greater effect, grease one side of the sheet with honey and lay it on this sore spot with this side. Wrap the compress with a bandage, and wrap a warm bandage on top. You need to hold the compress all night. By morning the pain will pass. If swelling and lump remain, repeat the procedure. As a rule, two procedures are enough for pus to leave the bite and the edema to subside. Instead of cabbage leaf, you can use burdock. Its healing properties are no less effective.
  • Parsley and potato juice. To relieve itching, the site of the bite can also be greased with parsley juice or a slice of raw potato is applied.
  • Basil. Sometimes the itching from numerous bites is so strong that it comes to bloody combs. Quickly solve this problem will help decoction of medicinal herbs basil. To do this, boil five tablespoons of basil for five minutes in half a liter of water. Leave it to cool and drink half a glass 3 times a day. With the same infusion, lubricate the bites and add to the bath when bathing.
  • Mint. Rub fresh mint leaves into gruel and lubricate the skin. You can fill a piece of gauze with grass, tie it with a knot, boil in a liter of water for 5 minutes. Then squeeze the nodule, and grease the bites with a decoction or apply a gauze nodule to them.

What to do if a spider has bitten?

In nature, there are spiders, the bite of which is fatal for humans. If such an incident occurs, the victim must be urgently taken to a medical institution. Not every insect poses a threat to humans, the most dangerous are karakurt, tarantulas and brown hermit spiders.

If one of these insects has bitten, it is necessary:

  • wash the wound with soap and water,
  • splint on a limb so that the poison does not spread quickly throughout the body,
  • pull a leg or arm over the wound with a tourniquet
  • make a cold compress in the bite area,
  • drink plenty of fluids to free the body of poison.

It is urgent to go to the hospital: if the victim is a child, if the condition worsens sharply after a bite. It is necessary to introduce an antidote in case of an attack of a brown hermit or a karakurt. When biting spiders, self-medication should not be done to avoid negative consequences.

Bedbugs

In the world there are more than 50 thousand varieties of these insects. Due to their wide distribution, it is simply impossible to stay with bugs in the same apartment. They feed on the blood of children or women who have a thin skin. Sometimes bug bites are mistaken for manifestations of an allergy or mosquito bites. How to relieve itching after an insect bite?

When the parasite sucks blood, a person does not feel discomfort, because the bug «anesthetizes» the site of the bite. However, these creatures are very dangerous, because they are carriers of diseases such as plague, anthrax and smallpox. To get rid of bedbugs an apartment, it must be disinfected. Sometimes colonies do not die immediately, so re-processing of the premises is required.

Tick ​​bite

A tick usually bites a person for a walk in the forest or in the meadow. After returning home, people should inspect their clothing for parasites. How to relieve itching from an insect bite?

If a tick is found on the body, it is necessary:

  • with tweezers, trying not to pull, but to rotate counterclockwise, to remove the insect,
  • after removal, inspect the wound and treat with alcohol,
  • take an antihistamine medicine,
  • Be sure to seek medical help.

If a tick is found on the human body, the parasite must be examined for carriage of encephalitis.

And a few tips in the end

  • As soon as you notice that a worthless mosquito has bitten you and is just flying away, try to suck the venom out of the bite. If the operation is successful, then inflammation may not start.
  • The good old method is to slobber on an itchy blister. Sometimes it works.
  • You can resort to pressure on the site of the bite. It is especially popular to put a “cross” with a fingernail, and this also sometimes works.
  • If the blister is itching terribly, do not scratch it, but pat it. This will partially remove the unpleasant sensations, but you do not risk combing your wound and infecting it.
  • When the bite appeared in a completely uncomfortable place, about which clothes or shoes rub all the time (for example, rubbed with an elastic band from pants or with the back of sandals), cover it with a plaster to avoid combing. But as soon as you get rid of clothes and shoes, get rid of the patch so that the «browing» does not begin.

Bite Prevention

How to protect yourself? No guarantee can be given by any means. But let’s see how to at least partially protect ourselves from these insects.

There are a number of mosquito repellents:

  1. Repellents are creams, sprays, and other products applied to the skin or clothing.
  2. Fumigators are devices containing an insecticide that, when evaporated, can kill insects.
  3. Mosquito nets on windows protect you from unexpected guests
  4. Folk remedies: clove, eucalyptus and cedar oils scare mosquitoes.

And if mosquitoes have already bitten you, then we’ll see how to get rid of itching after a bite.

How to drive away bloodsuckers?

Currently, there are many means of protection against mosquitoes, including folk remedies.

  • They are stopped by the smells of anise and cloves, the smell of foliage tomato and eucalyptus.
  • They do not tolerate tobacco smoke or smoke from a bonfire in which spruce or pine cones were added.
  • So that they do not fly into the house, put branches of wormwood, tansy, yarrow, bird cherry near the front door, in general, what is at hand.
  • Put a bunch of daisies on the table in the room, and it’s beautiful, and you can be sure that for about a week itchy insects will not get it.
  • Or put a rag on the windowsill, which is dripped with a few drops of eucalyptus oil, lemon, peppermint or lavender oil.

Of course, mosquito bites can be treated at home without informing the doctor, but if the skin begins to swell severely and all this is accompanied by dizziness, nausea and shortness of breath, you need to urgently call a doctor. Such symptoms are characteristic of bites of malarians and allergies. Берегите себя!

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