30 answers to the most pressing questions about ticks, The Koz Post

30 answers to the most pressing questions about ticks


Experts debunk popular myths and tell the truth about the blood-sucking parasites.

1. Need to fear any ticks?

No, it depends on the type. Some of these interesting arachnids animals, decaying organic matter, other plants.

People should be afraid of WHAT DISEASES transmitted by TICKS? ticks, mites and ergashovich gamanovich. They drink blood and suffer illness.

The easiest way to deal with ticks, or encephalitis, ticks. About them will be discussed.

2. But dog ticks can hurt people?

The dog tick (Ixodes ricinus) is Ixodes ricinus — Factsheet for experts to Ixodes ticks, and they are dangerous to all warm-blooded mammals. Including for people. So Yes, brought dog bloodsucker can cling to the man.

Find out

  • What to do if you found a tick in a dog or cat and how to protect Pets

3. What diseases can you earn?

Ticks are vectors of many diseases. With his saliva leech Tick bite can pass on to you:

  • Bacterial infection. These include tick-borne borreliosis (Lyme disease), relapsing fever, tularemia and babesiosis.
  • Rickettsial infection. This spotted fever, q fever, erlihioz and anaplasmosis.
  • Viral diseases. Tick-borne encephalitis, Colorado tick fever, hemorrhagic fever Crimean — Congo.

4. Can ticks carry hepatitis and HIV?

No, fortunately, diseases like ticks do not spread.

5. All of this can be catch anywhere?

In Russia, though not always, the most prevalent tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease.

There are advantaged and disadvantaged areas. Disadvantaged differently referred to as endemic foci, there is a high probability of Contracting infections transmitted by the bite of the parasite. In prosperous, on the contrary, the risk of infection is small. For example, Moscow — nice area. And next to it the danger zone — the Yaroslavl and Tver regions.

Olga Polyakova, physician, senior medical consultant “Теледоктор24”

Information for your location can be viewed on the website of Rospotrebnadzor.

6. What threatens borreliosis and encephalitis?

These diseases are dangerous for its complications. Because Lyme disease can appear Lyme disease problems with joints, cardiovascular system, neurological disorders, hepatitis, eye inflammation, severe fatigue. Encephalitis affects the nervous system.

At first, both diseases manifest themselves by fever, headache and muscle pain. For borreliosis may receive a specific symptom red spot surrounded by white and red headbands.

From Lyme disease vaccination is not, but from encephalitis are, so to protect themselves from infection is quite real.

Find out more

  • Whether vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis you and your family

7. If a tick just crawled through my body, can I be infected?

If the skin no damage to be infected is impossible. But if you have a fresh wound or crack, the parasite can contaminate the infection.

8. The tick can bite me through clothes and tights?

No, the clothes a tick bite will not.

He will crawl through the body in search of exposed places. Therefore, it is important to during nature walks clothes covering all parts of the body.

George Budakovic, instructor training center “Rhaposody”, certified lifeguard, organizer and judge of competitions in first aid

9. Can a tick bite and crawl, not prikazivati?

According to George Budrawich, a tick bite is not just. He is cutting into the flesh to drink the blood. And not yet satisfied, will not fall off. Usually it will take a few days, but in rare cases, the meal can stretch to two weeks.

A well-fed tick several times more hungry. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

10. Can ticks get under your skin?

Maybe in horror movies and this happens, but in real life no. Under the skin the mites do not climb, do not be afraid.

11. How to remove a tick?

It would be nice to go to the hospital to parasite pulled the doctor treated the bite. If this is not possible, you have to remove the sucker yourself. This can be done using vykruchivatsya, tweezers with fine tip, and even a usual thread.

Follow these instructions

  • How to remove a tick correctly

12. What if the head of the tick will come off?

You will need to get it disinfected needle, and then immediately go to the doctor, because the wound can become inflamed.

For the remaining head wound the infection process can continue. In the salivary glands and ducts of the parasite contains the tick-borne encephalitis virus or Lyme disease if the tick is infected.

Tatyana Loshkareva, honored doctor of the Russian Federation, infectious disease physician of the highest qualification category of “Medincenter”

13. All mites contagious?

No. After extraction of the drinkers it is necessary to take the analysis: in the laboratory will find out it is contagious or not. However, only in the case if the parasite is alive.

If you tick no agents, just keep the wound clean, rinse and treat with alcohol, so it healed faster.

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If the saliva of the parasite infection is discovered, contact your physician-infectious disease.

14. Where to bear the tick on the analysis?

In any hospital where there are infectious diseases doctor. You can still go to medical center to study the epidemiological situation in the region. See the next lab, please visit the “Encephalitis.ru”.

For example, in Moscow to take the tick for analysis to the Federal center of hygiene and epidemiology. In Saint-Petersburg — in the laboratory of the center of hygiene and epidemiology.

15. Is that necessary?

Preferably. If the mite is contagious, you can quickly begin treatment.

If you make analysis impossible, watch out for health and any sickness go to the doctor.

16. If the tick will fall off, I will be able to understand that he bit me?

It will be difficult How to Know When It’s a Tick Bite and What to Do About It . The bite will turn into a red bump: the same leave mosquitoes. However, to itch you won’t.

So just in case watch your condition.

17. Is it true that mites need to be afraid in may and June, and then they are fed and do not bite?

No, it’s a myth. To bite and transmit the infection bloodsucker at any period of his life, even in the cold when the parasite is less active than usual.

Winter ticks are hiding from the cold under the ground. Out come out when the air warms up to 8 °C. That is, parasites are active from about March to November.

18. When the bite is the most dangerous?

The time of year and other conditions is not affected. If the tick is infected, the bite is always dangerous.

19. Where you can stumble on tick?

Ticks are mainly found in forests, fields, parks and gardens. But to pick up the parasite in the grass near the house. According to George Budrawich, the probability is small, but still there. Sometimes parasites in the yard, bring Pets.

20. Can ticks fly or fall from trees?

No, ticks do not fly, they have no wings. And don’t fall from trees. This long said Tick bites: What are ticks and how can they be removed? scientists.

21. The truth that ticks sit mostly along the trails?

Not really. Ticks can be anywhere. But they prefer Tick bites: What are ticks and how can they be removed? warm and damp places, often crawling in the bushes and the grass, like the edges of the paths and undergrowth.

22. Can a tick live at my house?

To get to the apartment, the parasite may, if you bring it on your clothes or it will fall off your pet.

But how long bloodsucker will not last, it needs moisture and soil. In the apartment he will quickly die.

George Budakovic, certified lifeguard

23. Is it possible to somehow protect myself from ticks?

Yes, you can. If you are going Hiking or for a walk in the woods, wear Protection against Mosquitoes, Ticks, & Other Arthropods dense clothing with long sleeves.

Clothing, footwear and gear treated with a solution of permethrin at 0.5%. It can be purchased at the pharmacy. If the solution were not available, ask for a spray against lice and scabies containing permethrin.

On the body, apply repellent with picardin, diethyltoluamide or oil of lemon eucalyptus. Just carefully read the instructions.

24. And home remedies help?

Experts believe that home remedies should not use, they are unlikely to help.

25. If you sprinkle a repellent or permethrin, the tick just will not bite?

The effectiveness of repellents and permethrin dependent Protection against Mosquitoes, Ticks, & Other Arthropods from species of mite, air temperature, sweating, and even physical activity. Therefore, we cannot say that they are 100% going to protect you from parasites.

26. What to eat ticks, until you get to the person?

The blood of animals. To live How dangerous are tick bites? the parasite needs a host. Depending on the stage of development of the tick, his breadwinner may be rodents, birds, larger animals like hares, deer, domestic dogs and cats.

In winter, most mites do without food in freezing temperatures they are not active.

27. Ticks dangerous for dogs?

Very. Ticks carry and spread erlihioz, the anaplasmosis, Lyme disease, piroplasmosis. From the last dying dog. Therefore, parasites of animals also need to remove. If after being bitten, the pet is unwell — not eating, looks lethargic and tired, take him to the vet.

28. If the tick dies after biting?

No, after being bitten by a leech doesn’t die. This is another myth.

29. How many lives tick?

Always different, depends on how often the parasite feeds. But usually How ticks spread disease about 3 years.

30. Can a female tick to lay eggs on the skin?

Hardly it is possible. Female lays eggs under the bark of trees.


Universities of Yaroslavl: the top five — Colleges and universities | April 2020

There was a hot time for graduates. Examinations at school, graduation party and cherished admission. Most have already chosen «their» high school.

Yaroslavl graduates do not have to go to study in Moscow. In this city there are decent institutions of higher education. More information about the universities of Yaroslavl — in this article.


The head of the list of the best universities of the city, without a doubt, YSU named after P. G. Demidov. At the moment, he entered the TOP-100 best educational institutions in the world.

Its history began in 1803, when philanthropist P. G. Demidov decided to establish a college of higher sciences at his own expense. He addressed this question to Alexander I and received permission. Later the school was renamed the legal lyceum, and even later — the university.

At the moment it is the leading university of the Upper Volga region. More than 7, 000 students study there. Refers to the universities of Yaroslavl with low places. It consists of 10 faculties. Including philological, legal and historical.

Medical University

In second place among universities of Yaroslavl — YAGMU. It was formed during the Second World War. More precisely, a medical institute evacuated from Minsk began to work in the city.

In September 1943, he opened his doors to 665 students. During the day they studied, and at night they were on duty in evacuation hospitals.

The Minsk Institute has graduated 47 doctors. In 1944, it was decided to re-evacuate it. A new institute was opened in Yaroslavl, which was called the Yaroslavl Medical Institute. It operates to this day, only now it is called a university.

There are five faculties at YSMU: dental, medical, pediatric, pharmaceutical, psychology and social work.

The cost of training from 80 000 thousand rubles. Depending on the faculty and specialty. There are budget places. Not easy to do, passing points are high.

Technical University

Among the state universities of Yaroslavl he takes the third place.

The distant year 1944. There is still a war. And in this difficult time, Narkomrezinprom opens an institute in Yaroslavl.

At first it was called the Yaroslavl Technological Institute of the Rubber Industry. Existed until 1953. Then it was transformed into the Yaroslavl Institute of Technology.

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After 20 years, the Institute of Technology is becoming a polytechnic. And already in Russia, in 1994, he was transformed into Yaroslavl State Technical University.

Today, there are six faculties in the structure of the YaSTU. Reception on the budget places is carried out.

Business and new technologies

It will be about the fourth among the best universities in Yaroslavl. MUBiNT is a relatively young educational project. The university was founded in 1992. Initially, it was a non-state educational institution. A few years later, a certificate of state accreditation was received.

To date, the university has eleven faculties. There are budget places.

Pedagogical University

At the fifth line of our ranking of universities of Yaroslavl is YAGPU. In 1908, a solemn prayer service was served on Respublikanskaya Street (present). And right after it, the doors of the teacher’s institute opened. 10 years later, it was decided to transform the teacher’s institute into a higher educational institution. In 1922, the Institute was merged with the University of Yaroslavl. The pedagogical faculty was opened. In the summer of 1924, the university was transformed into a pedagogical institute.

For all the years of its existence, the institute adequately coped with the training of teaching staff. In the 1930s, there were five faculties, including geographical and historical.

During World War II, many students and teachers went voluntarily to the front. Others returned, and someone remained forever on the battlefield. The first post-war years were difficult, but in spite of all the difficulties, the faculty of sports and physical culture was opened on the basis of the pedagogical institute.

In the 60s of the last century, active research in the fields of mathematics, nature management, geography and history took place within the walls of the institute. Conducted research in the field of engineering psychology, actively developing the theory of adaptation of man and animals to the norm of pathology. For excellent work in scientific fields, the institute is awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1971).

His life does not stand still. There is a construction of new buildings, the development of educational programs. In 1993, the Pedagogical Institute was transformed into the Yaroslavl State Pedagogical University.

In more than 100 years of activity, about 80 thousand specialists have graduated from the university. YSPU plays a significant role in the historical and cultural life of its city.

To date, the university has nine faculties. There is a full-time and distance learning. There is a possibility of entering the budget space.

We summarize

If you make a list of universities in Yaroslavl, it will look like this:

  1. YSU named after PG Demidov.
  2. YSMU (Medical University).
  3. YAGTU (Technical University).
  4. MUBiNT (business and new technologies).
  5. YAGPU (Pedagogical University).

These are the five best universities in the city. A total of twelve. In sixth place YAGTI (Theater Institute). In the seventh — the famous YSAA (Agricultural Academy).


The main purpose of the article is to familiarize applicants with the best universities of Yaroslavl. In order to get a higher education, you do not need to go far. In the city, as can be seen from the article, there are good educational institutions. With a long history, excellent reputation and low cost places. What is perhaps the key point for applicants.


Where to pass the tick for analysis in Yaroslavl and the Yaroslavl region

IBG has become a member of the Association of Carriers of the Rostov region. The main purpose of the agreement — the union of efforts towards socio-economic development of the motor transport complex of the Rostov Region; coordinated policy on the market of transportation services; facilitating the tasks to ensure transport safety.

Compulsory liability insurance carriers (OSGOP) has always been one of the priority types of insurance companies. The success of this type of development is in close contact with carriers in a constant dialogue within the meaning of the major problems in the organization and implementation of traffic.

Becoming a member of the Association of Carriers of the Rostov region, IBG has taken another step in the direction of improvement OSGOP.

IBG was a general insurer sporting event «Golden race» — urban obstacle course. The competition involved more than 100 young athletes who are under the protection of IBG.

As part of the development strategy of the company, IBG was a training seminar on the theme: «The sales on the basis of methods Struktogramma-Triogramma.» The training was attended by the heads of departments and agencies of insurance companies. The training was conducted PhD, associate professor, a certified business coach Nikolay Nikolenko. The basis of the method developed by the Swiss Institute of biostrukturnogo analysis and has been used successfully in the practice of management for over 30 years.

Staff — is a key factor determining the success of the company as a whole. So, in 2011 on the basis of established and successfully operates versatile training center — The Academy of the insurance business, are constantly training to educate and raise the professional level of employees.


All of the tick-borne encephalitis

There was a tick hunting time (April to September). If you love camping, going for a vacation, then the knowledge of the tick-borne encephalitis are very useful.


tick borne encephalitis

Tick-borne encephalitis occurs after the tick bite. It is a viral infection, characterized by lesions of the central nervous system. More severe, deadly. Ticks — carriers of the disease are living on the territory of Russia, in the forest and steppe zones, but those that carry encephalitis, found only in certain areas. Tick-borne Encephalitis is most prevalent in Kostroma, Tver, Yaroslavl, Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Kaliningrad, Leningrad, Kirov, Sverdlovsk, Tyumen, Chelyabinsk, Novosibirsk, the Baltic region and some other areas.

Habitats Tick-borne Encephalitis — a littleshaded and moist deciduous or mixed forests with thick grass. Many ticks that carry encephalitis, found on forest edges and paths, overgrown grass on roadsides.

The tick attaches itself to a person in those places wheremore delicate skin — in the neck, head, armpits, on the inside of the thigh, etc. If a carrier has been tick encephalitis, the first symptoms begin to appear after a week, three weeks is possible..

The symptoms of tick-borne encephalitis

When the bite of the tick-borne Encephalitis symptomsdisease appear suddenly. The disease begins with chills, a sharp increase in body temperature to 39 degrees. There severe headache, pain throughout the body, weakness, and nausea. At 3-5 days after the first symptoms begin to show signs of damage to the nervous system: convulsions, the patient is delirious, disturbed coordination of movements. If the disease is left untreated the person can die.

First aid and action

Once the tick is found, it should be removed. This can be a thread or with tweezers, grasping the tick as close to the skin and swing it from side to side. This should be done carefully, so that the insect head did not go under the skin.

If unable to pull mite entire head and left, it is necessary to pull the needle through. Then treat the wound by any alcoholic solution.

As is known, ticks — carriers of tick-borneencephalitis. Therefore, in the case of a tick bite, to prevent development of the disease, need emergency medical care. The victim must enter the immunoglobulin against tick-borne encephalitis. This will reduce the likelihood of infection. This emergency prevention can be carried out during the first three days after the bite. The victim must be on the examination to the belief that there is no threat to his health.

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Against tick-borne encephalitis can be donevaccinated. This is especially necessary for those who live in areas endemic for tick-borne encephalitis, and those who are going to go to unfamiliar endemic areas. vaccination course consists of 3 vaccinations, and should be carried out at certain times — in November, one month and three months later. Last vaccine administered no later than 2 weeks prior to the activity of ticks. However, if an unscheduled trip to endemic areas, it is possible to pass an emergency vaccination course.

In Moscow, the vaccination can be done in the municipalclinic or specialized centers. The cost of grafting depends on how it is carried out a preparation. On average, the vaccine preparations for the entire course cost from 400 to 1000 rubles. However, the cost of vaccination encephalitis may vary considerably — depending on whether the vaccine whose production used. If you go to a private clinic for a vaccination, please note the following points.

Vaccination should be carried out in a specialthe treatment room. The procedure is performed under the supervision of a physician nurse. Note whether there is a separate office box protivoshokoy drug therapy. The preparation of the vaccine is administered immediately after opening the ampoule. On the ampoule must be clearly visible production time, the name of the liquid vial should not be precipitate. The drug is administered intramuscularly. Graftable should be under the supervision of medical staff 30 minutes.

After the introduction of vaccination may be differentthe body’s reaction. This reaction may be in the form of immediate allergy. The reaction may be that last up to 5 days. Perhaps redness, swelling, fever up to 38 degrees. There may be headache, weakness, pain in muscles and joints. If the reaction to the vaccine against tick-borne encephalitis long runs, you should see a doctor.

There are contraindications forvaccination. Various acute and chronic diseases, and pregnancy. Ability to vaccination in each case determined by the physician. He and is responsible for the correct purpose of vaccination.

However, we should not forget that the vaccination againstTick-borne encephalitis is able to really protect about 95% of vaccinees. It does not protect against the bite of the tick-borne Encephalitis. But in case of the disease in vaccinated people it flows more easily and with fewer complications.

Also inoculation can protect yourself from tick-borneencephalitis and other methods. If the expected hike in the woods you need to dress was long-sleeved, buttoned collar should, trousers tucked into boots, headgear is desired. Just before the campaign can be reserved with special sprays or ointments which should deter ticks. Since mites live mainly in the bushes, in the tall grass, — better to avoid such places. Upon returning home, you need to examine your body, clothes for the presence of insects.

Endemic areas

Fortunately in Moscow and Moscow region encephalitictick is not found. But a lot of people who bring with them the disease. Close to the Moscow area located where encephalitis mites are common. It Tver, Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Ivanovo, Kirov, Leningrad and many other areas.

However, in Moscow and the Moscow region ticks are dangerousthat can transmit borreliosis. The incidence of this disease in a small number are recorded every year. So tick — the insect, though small, but dangerous.


Efficacy and Safety of Gosogliptin as Monotherapy and in Combination With Metformin vs. Vildagliptin as Monotherapy and in Combination With Metformin in Drug-naive Type 2 Diabetic Patients.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03088670
Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Drug: Gosogliptin Drug: Vildagliptin Drug: Metformin Phase 3

  • Screening of patients at Week -2
  • Training for all complying patients in Diabetes Program School at Week -1 with glucometer and patient diary distribution for SMBG
  • Randomization in one of two groups in the ratio 1:1.
  • The 1st stage includes 12 weeks of monotherapy with Gosogliptin or Vildagliptin.
  • The 2nd stage includes 24 weeks of combination therapy with Gosogliptin and Metformin or Vildagliptin and Metformin.
  • Follow-up period of 4 weeks.

Layout table for study information

Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 299 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Gosogliptin as Monotherapy and in Combination With Metformin vs. Vildagliptin as Monotherapy and in Combination With Metformin in Drug-naive Type 2 Diabetic Patients.
Actual Study Start Date : April 23, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 30, 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : October 3, 2014
Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Gosogliptin treatment group

1000 mg per day starting Week 12 (500 mg twice a day), dose titration to 2000 mg per day at Week 16 as required (1000 mg twice a day).

Active Comparator: Vildagliptin treatment group

1000 mg per day starting Week 12 (500 mg twice a day), dose titration to 2000 mg per day at Week 16 as required (1000 mg twice a day).

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information

Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years to 78 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No
  1. Men and women from 18 through 78 years
  2. Confirmed clinical diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus
  3. Drug-naive patients or patients without hypoglycemic drug treatment at least till 12 weeks before screening
  4. Patient’s agreed to use adequate methods of contraception during the study
  5. Body mass index 22-40 kg/m2
  6. HbA1c 7.5 — 11.0%
  7. FPG 180 mm Hg and diastolic Blood Pressure > 110 mm Hg, pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis
  8. A nephrotic syndrome, a chronic renal failure, serum creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL (132 µmol/L) in men and > 1.4 mg/dL (123 µmol/L) in women or GFR 3 ULN; total bilirubin > 2 ULN
  9. HIV; severe infection that can affect glycemia within 30 days of screening
  10. Anemia (Hb ≤10.5 g/dL in women or ≤11.5 g/dL in men); loss of > 1 unit of blood ( 500 mL) or blood transfusion within 12 weeks of screening
  11. Drugs or alcohol abuse
  12. Administration of any study drug within 30 days of screening
  13. Inability to read or write; unwillingness to understand and follow the protocol procedures

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.


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