What to Do If You Are Sick, CDC

What to Do If You Are Sick

If you have a fever or cough, you might have COVID-19. Most people have mild illness and are able to recover at home. If you think you may have been exposed to COVID-19, contact your healthcare provider immediately.

  • Keep track of your symptoms.
  • If you havean emergency warning sign(including trouble breathing), get medical attention right away.


A guide to help you make decisions and seek appropriate medical care

Steps to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 if you are sick

Follow the steps below: If you are sick with COVID-19 or think you might have COVID-19, follow the steps below to care for yourself and to help protect other people in your home and community.

  • Stay home. Most people with COVID-19 have mild illness and can recover at home without medical care. Do not leave your home, except to get medical care. Do not visit public areas.
  • Take care of yourself. Get rest and stay hydrated.
  • Stay in touch with your doctor. Call before you get medical care. Be sure to get care if you have trouble breathing, or have any other emergency warning signs, or if you think it is an emergency.
  • Avoid public transportation, ride-sharing, or taxis.

As much as possible, stay in a specific room and away from other people and pets in your home. Also, you should use a separate bathroom, if available. If you need to be around other people or animals in or outside of the home, wear a cloth face covering.

  • See COVID-19 and Animals if you have questions about pets.
  • Common symptoms of COVID-19 include fever and cough. Trouble breathing is a more serious symptom that means you should get medical attention.
  • Follow care instructions from your healthcare provider and local health department. Your local health authorities may give instructions on checking your symptoms and reporting information.

If you develop any of these emergency warning signs* for COVID-19 get medical attention immediately:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • New confusion or inability to arouse
  • Bluish lips or face

*This list is not all inclusive. Please consult your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning to you.

Call 911 if you have a medical emergency: Notify the operator that you have, or think you might have, COVID-19. If possible, put on a cloth face covering before medical help arrives.

  • Call ahead. Many medical visits for routine care are being postponed or done by phone or telemedicine.
  • If you have a medical appointment that cannot be postponed, call your doctor’s office, and tell them you have or may have COVID-19. This will help the office protect themselves and other patients.
  • You should wear a cloth face covering,over your nose and mouth if you must be around other people or animals, including pets (even at home).
  • You don’t need to wear the cloth face covering if you are alone. If you can’t put on a cloth face covering (because of trouble breathing for example), cover your coughs and sneezes in some other way. Try to stay at least 6 feet away from other people. This will help protect the people around you.

Note: During the COVID-19 pandemic, medical grade facemasks are reserved for healthcare workers and some first responders. You may need to improvise a cloth face covering using a scarf or bandana.

  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
  • Throw away used tissues in a lined trash can.
  • Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. This is especially important after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing; going to the bathroom; and before eating or preparing food.
  • Use hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol, covering all surfaces of your hands and rubbing them together until they feel dry.
  • Soap and water are the best option, especially if hands are visibly dirty.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Handwashing Tips
  • Do not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, or bedding with other people in your home.
  • Wash these items thoroughly after using them with soap and water or put in the dishwasher.
  • Clean and disinfect high-touch surfaces in your “sick room” and bathroom. Let someone else clean and disinfect surfaces in common areas, but not your bedroom and bathroom.
  • If a caregiver or other person needs to clean and disinfect a sick person’s bedroom or bathroom, they should do so on an as-needed basis. The caregiver/other person should wear a mask and wait as long as possible after the sick person has used the bathroom.

High-touch surfaces include phones, remote controls, counters, tabletops, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, keyboards, tablets, and bedside tables.

  • Clean and disinfect areas that may have blood, stool, or body fluids on them.
  • Use household cleaners and disinfectants. Clean the area or item with soap and water or another detergent if it is dirty. Then, use a household disinfectant.
    • Be sure to follow the instructions on the label to ensure safe and effective use of the product. Many products recommend keeping the surface wet for several minutes to ensure germs are killed. Many also recommend precautions such as wearing gloves and making sure you have good ventilation during use of the product.
    • Most EPA-registered household disinfectants should be effective. A full list of disinfectants can be found here external icon .
    • Complete Disinfection Guidance

People with COVID-19 who have stayed home (home isolated) can stop home isolation under the following conditions:

  • If you will not have a test to determine if you are still contagious, you can leave home after these three things have happened:
    • You have had no fever for at least 72 hours (that is three full days of no fever without the use medicine that reduces fevers)
    • other symptoms have improved (for example, when your cough or shortness of breath have improved)
    • at least 7 days have passed since your symptoms first appeared
  • If you will be tested to determine if you are still contagious, you can leave home after these three things have happened:
    • You no longer have a fever (without the use medicine that reduces fevers)
    • other symptoms have improved (for example, when your cough or shortness of breath have improved)
    • you received two negative tests in a row, 24 hours apart. Your doctor will follow CDC guidelines.

In all cases, follow the guidance of your healthcare provider and local health department. The decision to stop home isolation should be made in consultation with your healthcare provider and state and local health departments. Local decisions depend on local circumstances.

For any additional questions about your care, contact your healthcare provider or state or local health department.


5 Keys to Being a Successful Teacher

The most successful teachers share common characteristics that set them apart from the rest and every teacher can benefit from adopting these qualities. Experienced and capable educators know that their success is about so much more than the delivery of content. They put effort into every detail and make the most of every day.

Here are 5 keys to successful teaching that form the basis of any strong teacher’s repertoire and can instantly improve your daily instruction.

Maintain High Expectations

An effective teacher must have high expectations. While unreasonable or unfair expectations don’t position your students for success, expectations that are too low don’t do them any favors either. To ensure that your students are doing their best individually, you must establish a clear, firm set of expectations for what success should look like for each of them.

Your students should, at the very least, be able to meet your expectations but they cannot do that if they don’t know what you’re looking for. As always when it comes to teaching, being explicit will go a long way. Tell your students what you want to see in their independent work, what good time management looks like, how they can set goals for themselves, how you expect them to participate in various settings, etc.

Your students should be comfortable feeling challenged. Develop instruction that requires them to stretch to meet goals without overwhelming them and differentiate your teaching so that each learner is capable of meeting their own targets.

Many teacher evaluation programs such as the CCT Rubric for effective teaching refer to high academic expectations as follows:

«Prepares instructional content that is aligned with state or district standards, that builds on students’ prior knowledge and that provides for appropriate level of challenge for all students.

Plans instruction to engage students in the content.
Selects appropriate assessment strategies to monitor student progress.»

Always remember that, while standards can be helpful for establishing an appropriate level of baseline difficulty, they should not be used to set your expectations.

Consistency and Fairness

In order to create a positive learning environment, your students should know what to expect each day. Students thrive in conditions of consistency and routine where they feel grounded yet safe to explore. They should be using their brainpower to learn, not adjust to disorienting changes. Routines make your schedule smoother and student life easier.

The best teachers are steady and predictable, treating students equally in the same situations and behaving like the same person each day. Don’t confuse stability with being boring—teachers that are consistent and fair are free to use their time more flexibly because they have created a stable classroom culture.

Here are a few ways that the CCT Rubric for effective teaching refers to fair and consistent teachers:

«Establishes a learning environment that is responsive to and respectful of the learning needs of all students.

Promotes developmentally appropriate standards of behavior that support a productive learning environment for all students.

Maximizes instructional time through effective management of routines and transitions.»

Engaging Instruction

Student engagement and motivation are critical to effective teaching. Successful teachers take a pulse of the class often in order to gauge how interested their students are in the subject matter and whether something needs to be done to increase their participation, interest, or both. This also allows teachers to assess whether their students are progressing toward the learning goals or need more support.

Teachers can make whatever they are teaching more interesting to their students by using varied participation structures and activity types. By having students learn through a wide range of activities as a class, in groups or partnerships, or independently, teachers can keep students on their toes and the classroom energy high.

Specific qualities of engaging teachers from the CCT Rubric are:

«Leads students to construct meaning and apply new learning through the use of a variety of differentiated and evidence-based learning strategies.

Includes opportunities for students to work collaboratively to generate their own questions and problem-solving strategies, synthesize and communicate information.

Assesses student learning, providing feedback to students and adjusting instruction.»

Flexibility and Responsiveness

One of the tenets of teaching should be that a classroom should run smoothly amidst constant change. Interruptions and disruptions are the norm, but a teacher should manage these without their students’ learning environment being affected (much). A flexible attitude is important in being able to maintain composure and take control of any situation.

Flexibility and responsiveness both refer to a teacher’s ability to make adjustments in real-time and come out on top. Even veteran teachers experience moments of panic when a lesson doesn’t go as planned or a day is thrown off track but they know that adjusting, persisting, and reteaching are all part of the job.

A great illustration of flexible teaching can be seen in instances of student confusion. Skilled teachers will do whatever it takes to help a student understand, even if that means thinking on their feet and inventing new approaches along the way. A teacher’s work isn’t done until every student gets it but the path to comprehension can sometimes look very different and teachers should be prepared for anything

Know Your Learners

Knowing your learners is one of the most important principles for a highly effective teacher, but neglected by many instructors as secondary to delivering content as planned. Some teachers believe that building strong relationships with each of their students is nonessential, even insignificant in the grand scheme of things, but this is far from the case.

Effective teachers invest a lot of time into learning about their students and bonding with them throughout the year. Though it can seem like you are wasting precious time when you have a conversation with a student about their home life or favorite things when you could be delivering a lesson, these moments of relationship-building are more than worth it in the long run. Prioritize these for the first several weeks of each school year for the best results.

Know the strengths, weaknesses, hopes, dreams, and everything in between of your students to know how best to support them and guarantee a successful school year. Solid relationships make everything from discipline to designing instruction possible.


5 Questions to Discover Who You Are and What Will Make You Happy

“It takes courage to grow up and become who you really are.

At twenty-five I was happily married and had a great career, many friends, and lots of money. During that time I also became deeply depressed, was put on medication for anxiety, and entered what would be a very long relationship with psychotherapy.

It was a real struggle for me to understand why I wasn’t happy when I had everything that I thought was important in life. Was I selfish? Were my expectations too high? I honestly couldn’t understand what was missing and how to fill this huge void that gnawed at me every day.

When I look back at my life, twenty years later, I realize that I really had no idea who I was or what made me happy. I kept expecting something or someone to answer this question for me.

The journey to find out who I was and what really mattered to me eventually involved divorce, the loss of my career and most of my possessions, and overcoming a serious illness.

It pretty much took the loss of everything I thought defined me and made me happy to admit to myself that I honestly didn’t know myself very well at all.

Who am I? What do I believe in? What is my purpose? What fills me with joy and wonder? These are questions that I am just beginning to understand after forty-five years of living my life, and I have to admit that getting there has been extremely difficult.

The hardest part for me was just knowing where to begin. After much therapy, meditation, self-reflection, and reading, I asked myself five big questions that served as a launch pad to begin my journey of self-discovery.

If you are ready to begin the process of truly understanding who you are meant to be, start here:

1. What or who would you be if you knew you couldn’t fail?

The risk of failure terrifies most people. How many times have you wanted to change jobs or careers, move to a new city, promote a cause that is important you, or become an expert in a certain area? Think about it. No risk of failure.

If you were 100 percent certain that you could be or do anything you wanted and not fail, do you know the answer?

2. What is your ninety-second personal elevator speech?

Probably the most important and poorly answered question in most job interviews, this is similar in nature. You can certainly include your career or career accomplishments in your personal speech, but think of this from the perspective of how you might answer this if you were making a new friend or going on a first date with someone.

How would you describe yourself so that the person asking the question would truly understand who you are and what is important to you?

3. What are your core personal values?

Personal values are the things that you believe are important in the way you live. They give you a reference for what is good, beneficial, important, useful, desirable, and constructive. Once you are able to determine exactly what values are most important to you, you can better determine your priorities.

In fact, having this information about yourself is the key to making sure your daily life is aligned with those values. If you need help defining your personal values, there is a great five-minute assessment tool here.

4. What makes you genuinely happy?

This one is closely related to your core personal values. However, ask yourself this question once you’ve really nailed down what those values are.

For example, if family is one of your core personal values, will taking a job that involves tons of travel make you happy? Take it a step further and really consider dreams you had when you were younger or currently have about what will make you truly happy.

5. If money were no object, how would you live your life differently?

Many people equate happiness and success directly to the amount of money they have. How many times have you heard someone say, “If I hit the lottery, I’d…”

But remember, this question isn’t really about money at all. It’s more about thinking outside the limits we tend to put on our aspirations and actions because things seem out of our reach financially.

You may not be able to do those exact things, but once you know what those true desires are, you expand your thinking and begin to develop a plan to work towards goals you may have never imagined possible.

These are tough questions and the answers may not come easily or quickly. In fact, I found myself having to think and re-think my answers several times. This work is hard but necessary in order to really understanding yourself on a deeper level.

While I can’t say that I now know everything about myself, answering these questions completely changed the negative internal dialogue that was limiting my ability to see myself as I exist today and the me that I can become in the future.

But the biggest change came from revisiting dreams and aspirations that I had long ago put on the back burner while I was stuck in the process of “getting things done.”

My dreams of writing about things that are truly meaningful to me, finding a fulfilling and passionate relationship, being more present with my children, and discovering a higher power are all coming true now that I am focusing my energy in the right direction—and that direction was to look within.

So, find a quiet place and allow yourself plenty of time to go through and really think about each question and then just go for it. Go ahead. Begin your journey. Change direction. Create new dreams or rediscover dreams you left behind. Now that I have started, I haven’t looked back since.


Top 10 Tips for Hiring the Right Employee—Every Time

10 Best Ways to Ensure You Find the Right Person for Your Job Opening

Do you need ten tips for hiring an employee? Hiring the right employee is a challenging process. Hiring the wrong employee is expensive, costly to your work environment, and time-consuming. Hiring the right employee, on the other hand, pays you back in employee productivity, a successful employment relationship, and a positive impact on your total work environment.

Hiring the right employee enhances your work culture and pays you back a thousand times over in high employee morale, positive forward-thinking planning, and accomplishing challenging goals. It also ensures that you are making the most of the time and energy that your other employees invest in a relationship with the new employee—a costly and emotional process, indeed.

This is not a comprehensive guide to hiring, but these steps are key when you hire an employee. If you need a step-by-step process, consider using this checklist for success in hiring employees. It provides a comprehensive approach.

Define the Job Before Hiring an Employee

Hiring the right employee starts with a job analysis. The job analysis enables you to collect information about the duties, responsibilities, necessary skills, outcomes, and work environment of a particular job.  

The information from the job analysis is fundamental to developing the job description for the new employee. The job description assists you to plan your recruiting strategy for hiring the right employee.


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